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# ESc201 : Introduction to Electronics

## Frequency Domain Response Contd..

Shilpi Gupta
Dept. of Electrical Engineering
IIT Kanpur

Feb 2, 2017
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Recap: Frequency domain analysis

## Transfer function is a useful tool for finding the frequency

response of a system

Phasor (V or I) Phasor (V or I)

## Transfer function has a magnitude and a phase

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Recap: How to determine the transfer function?

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Recap: Plot Magnitude

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HdB
3dB 0
10 3dB -20 -20 dB per decade
100 3dB -40

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3dB point 1
3 dB
RC
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corner frequency or half
HdB power frequency
0 HdB
3dB 0
-10 10 3dB -20
100 3dB -40
-20

-30

-40 1 2 3 4 5
10 10 10 10 (rad/s) 10
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Example

HdB

20

-20dB/decade

7
-20dB/decade

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9
-20dB/decade

-40dB/decade

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Adding more RC stages, makes the characteristics sharper

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Sketching of Transfer function:
Bode Magnitude Plot

## 20Log10 ( H ( ) ) 20 20 Log10 (1 ( 3 ) 2 ) 20 Log10 (1 ( 4 ) 2 )

10 10

20
-20dB/decade

-20dB/decade
-20dB/decade
-40dB/decade
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Sketching of Transfer function
Bode Magnitude Plot

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-20dB/decade

-20dB/decade
-20dB/decade
-40dB/decade

-60dB/decade
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Bode Magnitude Plot

20N dB/decade

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Determine transfer function?

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Bode Magnitude Plot

20 dB/decade

3dB

-20 dB/decade

## High Pass Filter

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High Pass Filter 17
Bode Plot segments

20t dB/decade

## 20n dB/decade -20m dB/decade

-20r dB/decade

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Example:

20 dB/decade +6 dB

## -20 dB/decade -20 dB/decade

-34
-20dB/decade

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Assignment-4 uploaded on course website.

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Experiment 4

## (Feb 6-10, 2017)

Useful Concepts
Maximum Power Transfer for sinusoidal input
Maximum power is transferred to the load when load is complex
conjugate of source impedance

## Maximum Power Transfer for sinusoidal input when load is

Resistive
Useful Concepts
Resonance
Resonance is a condition in which capacitive and inductive
reactance cancel each other to give rise to a purely resistive
circuit

## Series Resonant Circuit

1 1
Resonant frequency: j OL j 0 O
OC LC

Zeq R
Useful Concepts

## Current and voltage are in phase (power factor is unity) and

current is maximum at resonance !
Quality (Q) factor: Sharpness of resonance

1
L I m2 L
Q 2 2 O
1 2 R
I m R TO
2 25
Resonance frequency and Q factor of RLC circuit

C Rp

Vs
CH1 from FG CH2

## Find (experimentally and theoretically):

Bring a semi log-paper for plotting 1. Resonance frequency
2. Q factor
3. Rp for maximum power transfer to load
Maximum Power Transfer: RL circuit

Rp

Vs
CH1 from CH2
FG

## Find (experimentally and theoretically): Rp for maximum power transfer to load

Maximum Power Transfer: R circuit

Rp

Vs CH2
CH1 from FG

Enjoy!

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