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Kalimat aktif: I clean my room every day. [Saya membersihkan kamarku setiap hari.

Kalimat pasif: My room is cleaned by me every day. [Kamarku dibersihkan olehku setiap
hari.]

Rumus kalimat pasif

Rumus kalimat aktif adalah S + auxilary verb + verb 3. Auxilary verb ini dapat berupa to be
(is, am, are, was, dan were), have, atau modal bergantung pada struktur kalimat aktif dan
subjek kalimat pasif.

Cara membuat kalimat pasif dari kalimat aktif

Jika Anda ingin membuat kalimat pasif dari kalimat aktifnya, Anda harus menguasi cara-cara
membuatnya, yaitu:

1. Gunakan is, am, atau are jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan V1

Jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan verb 1 (simple present tense), gunakan is, am, are, atau is
untuk membuat kalimat pasifnya. Contoh:

We clean the house every week. [Kami membersihkan rumah setiap minggu.]

The house is cleaned by us every week. [Rumah dibersihkan oleh kami setiap
minggu.]

Contoh lain.

She kicks the ball very hard. [Dia menendang bola dengan sangat keras.]

The ball is kicked by her very hard. [Bola ditendang olehnya dengan sangat keras.]

2. Gunakan was atau were jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan verb 2

Jika kalimat aktifnya menggunakan verb 2 (simple past tense), gunakan was atau were untuk
membuat kalimat pasifnya. Contoh:

I called my mother yesterday. [Saya menelepon ibuku kemarin.]

My mother was called by me last night. [Ibuku ditelepon olehku kemarin.]

Contoh lain:

She ate two hamburgers at a time. [Dia makan dua hamburger sekaligus.]

Two hamburgers were eaten by her at a time. [Dua hamburger dimakan sekaligus oleh
dia.]
3. Sisipkan been di antara have dan verb 3

Jika kalimat aktif menggunakan have + verb 3 (perfect tense), sisipkan been di antara have
dan verb 3 untuk membuat kalimat pasifnya. Namun, Anda harus menyesuaikan have dengan
subjek di kalimat pasifnya.

Contoh untuk present perfect tense:

Sarah has made many cakes. [Ibuku sudah membuat beberapa kue.]

Many cakes have been made by Sarah. [Beberapa kue sudah dibuat oleh Sarah.]

Contoh untuk past perfect tense:

Raffi had told a nice story to me. [Raffi telah menceritakan sebuah cerita yang
menarik padaku.]

A nice story had been told by Raffi to me. [Sebuah cerita yang menarik telah
diceritakan Raffi padaku.]

4. Tambahkan being sebelum verb 3 jika kalimat aktifnya continuous tense

Jika kalimat aktifnya berupa continuous tense, tambahkan being sebelum verb 3 untuk
membuat kalimat pasifnya. Mohon diingat, to be-nya disesuaikan dengan subjek kalimat
pasifnya.

Contoh untuk present continuous tense:

Agus is writing a book. [Agus sedang menulis sebuah buku.]

A book is being written by Agus. [Sebuah buku sedang ditulis oleh Agus.]

Contoh untuk past continuous tense.

We were discussing the problem last night. [Kami sedang mendiskusikan masalah tadi
malam.]

The problem was being discussed by us last night. [Masalah sedang didiskusikan oleh
kami tadi malam.]

5. Tambahkan be sebelum verb 3 jika kalimat aktif menggunakan modal

Jika kalimat aktif menggunakan modal, tambahkan be sebelum verb 3 untuk membuat
kalimat pasifnya. Contoh:

I will solve the problem soon. [Saya akan menyelesaikan masalah itu segera.]
The problem will be solved by me soon. [Masalah itu akan diselesaikan segera oleh
saya.]

Contoh lain:

You can borrow these books. [Anda dapat meminjam buku-buku ini.]

The books can be borrowed by you. [Buku-buku ini dapat dipijam oleh Anda.]

Perhatian

Ada beberapa hal yang perlu Anda perhatikan dalam membuat kalimat pasif, yatu:

1. By By dalam kalimat pasif tidak wajib ditulis (optional). Dengan kata lain, Anda bisa
menggunakannya atau tidak.

2. Kalimat non verbal Kalimat non verbal (tanpa kata kerja) tidak dapat dibentuk menjadi
kalimat pasif. Contoh:

We are member of this cafe.

This cafe is membered by us. (kalimat salah)

3. Kalimat tanpa objek Kalimat tanpa objek tidak dapat dibentuk menjadi kalimat pasif.
Contoh:

I go to school every morning. (school every morning adalah keterangan)

Semoga penjelasan di atas membantu Anda memahami cara membuat kalimat aktif dalam
bahasa Inggris. Jika Anda punya pertanyaan, silakan menginformasikannya pada bagian
komentar di bawah.
Dalam keseharian kita berbahasa Indonesia, kita menggunakan kalimat aktif dengan imbuhan
me- pada kata kerja. Sementara itu untuk kalimat pasif menggunakan imbuhan di-. Contoh
kalimat aktif: Saya membaca buku. Kalimat itu bisa kita ubah menjadi kalimat pasif: Buku
dibaca oleh saya.

Nah, kalau dalam bahasa Inggris tentu tidak mengenal imbuhan Oleh sebab itu
cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif dengan menggunakan pola atau rumus berikut:

TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE

Berikut beberapa contoh cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif dalam bahasa Inggris.

1. Aktif: I read this book. Pasif: This book is read by me.

2. Aktif: She sings national anthem. Pasif: National anthem is sung by her.

3. Aktif: We buy sate padang. Pasif: Sate padang is bought by us.


Nah karena bahasa inggris mememiliki aturan-aturan perubahan bentuk kata kerja sesuai
waktu kejadian atau tenses maka dalam mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif juga perlu
memperhatikan tenses-nya. Ini tentu tidak semudah bahasa Indonesia.

Rumus Kalimat Pasif pada Present Continuous Tense:

NOUN + TOBE (is, am, are) + BEING + PAST PARTICIPLE.

Contohnya:

Aktif: I am writing a book.

Pasif: A book is being written by me.

Rumus Kalimat Pasif pada Simple Past Tense:

NOUN + TOBE (was, were) + PAST PARTICIPLE.

Contohnya:

Aktif: Budi sent the letter yesterday.

Pasif: The letter was sent by Budi yesterday.

Rumus Kalimat Pasif pada Past Continuous Tense:

NOUN + TOBE (was, were) + BEING + PAST PARTICIPLE.

Contohnya:

Aktif: Nia was cooking rice.

Pasif: Rice was being cooked by Nia.


Itulah tadi cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif beserta contohnya dalam
beberapa bentuk waktu atau tenses. Bagaimana, mudah bukan?

Sekarang, sebagai latihan, cobalah untuk mengubah kalimat aktif berikut menjadi kalimat
pasif:

1. Michael Jordan painted his house last year.

2. Arsya eats nasi goreng.

3. Luna is washing car.

4. Mr. Simaremare repaired his phone.

Coba jawab dan diskusikan dengan teman-teman Anda. Semoga dengan belajar grammar
bahasa Inggris seperti ini kita menjadi semakin lancar berkomunikasi dengan para bule ya.

Cara Mengubah Active Voice menjad Passive Voice #1


Cara mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi pasif itu tidak sulit. Tinggal letakan saja
objek dalam kalimat aktifnya yang biasanya ada di akhit kalimat menjadi di awal
kalimat. Selai itu, 1 hal yang harus kalian ingat adalah kata kerja utama yang
ada di kalimat aktif harus diubah menjadi bentuk ketiga dan didahului dengan to
be, yang tetntunya harus sesuai dengan objek yang mendahuluinya. KATA KERJA
BENTUK TIGA (past participle) tersebut pada kalimat pasif tidak akan berubah,
tidak peduli dalam tense apa kalimat pasif tersebut.

V1 / V2 / V3 => tobe + V3

Misalkan : eat menjadi is/are eaten

Setelah kalian ingat dengan hal di atas, maka langkah kedua kalian harus
memperhatikan tense dari kalimat yang ingin kalian ubah ke pasif. Berikut cara
mengubah kalimat aktif ke pasif dalam 16 tense bahasa Inggris :

A. Present

1. Simple Present
Aktif : S + V1 + O

Pasif : O + tobe + V3

Contoh

a. I eat that cake. => That cake is eatean (by me).

b. She breaks the vase. => The vase is broken (by her).
*kata dalam kurung boleh digunakan atau tidak.

2. Present Future

Aktif : S + will + V1 + O

Pasif : O + Will + be + V3

Contoh :

a. I will do the homework. => The homework will be done (by me).

b. My boss will accept my plan. => My plan will be accepted (by my boss).

3. Present Perfect

Aktif : S + Have/Has + V3 + O

Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + V3

Contoh :

a. You have taken the pencil. => The pencil has been taken (by you).

b. He has written a letter. => A letter has been written (by him).

4. Present Continuous

Aktif : S + tobe + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + tobe + being + V3

Contoh :

a. They are destroying that big building. => That big building is being destroyed.

b. He is eating a huge cake. => A huge cake is being eaten.

5. Present Future Perfect

Aktif : S + Will + Have + V3 + O

Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + V3

Contoh :

a. We will have finished all the tasks. => All the tasks will have been finished (by
us).
b. Next month, he will have finished his paper. => Next month, his paper will have
been finished (by him).

6. Present Future Continuous

Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing

Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3

Contoh :

a. I will have been cooking the dinner soon. => The dinner will have been being
cooked soon (by me).

b. Im sure my boss will have been firing me. => Im sure I will have been being
fired (by my boss).

7. Present Perfect Continuous

Aktif : S + Have/Has + been + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + Have/Has + been + being + V3

Contoh :

1. I have been fixing your phone. => Your phone has been being fixed (by me).

2. She has been eating all cakes. => All cakes have been being eaten (by her).

8. Present Future Perfect Continuous

Aktif : S + Will + Have + been + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + Will + Have + been + being + V3

Contoh :

1. They will have been killing me. => I will have been being killed (by them).

2. She will have been telling me the truth. => The truth will have been being told
(by her).

B. Past

9. Simple Past
Aktif : S + V2 + O
Pasif : O + tobe + V3

Contoh :

a. I broke the glass. => The glass was broken (by me).

b. My mom told me. => I was told (by my mom).

10. Past Future

Aktif : S + Would + V1 + O

Pasif : O + Would + be + V3

a. I would spend the money. => The money would be spent (by me).

c. His father would hit him. => He would be hit (by his father).

11. Past Perfect

Aktif : S + Had + V3 + O

Pasif : O + Had + been + V3

a. You had eaten that food. => The food had been eaten (by you).

b. Her sister had called me for some help. => I had been called (by her sister) for
some help.

12. Past Continuous

Aktif : S + tobe (was/were) + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + tobe (was/were) + being + V3

a. I was drinking a cup of coffee. => A cup of coffee was being drunk (by me)

b. His mother was cooking meal for breakfast. => Meal for breakfast was being
cooked (by his mother).

13. Past Future Perfect

Aktif : S + Would + Have + V3 + O

Pasif : O + Would + Have + been + V3

Contoh :
a. They would have watched that movie. => That movie would have been
watched (by them).

b. Our teacher would have taught us for 1 year. => We would have been taught
(by our teacher) for 1 year.

14. Past Future Continuous

Aktif : S + Would + be + V-ing

Pasif : O + Would + be + being + V3

Contoh :

a. We would be cleaning the house. => The house would be being cleaned (by
us).

b. She would be fixing your life. => Your life would be being fixed (by her)

15. Past Perfect Continuous

Aktif : S + Had + been + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + Had + been + being + V3

Contoh :

a. My cat had been eating your fish. => Your fish had been being eaten (by my
cat).

b. He had been changing my life. => My life had been being changed (by him).

16. Past Future Perfect Continuous

Aktif : S + Would + Have + been + V-ing + O

Pasif : O + Would + Have + been + being + V3

Contoh :

a. My wife would have been driving the car. => The car would have been being
driven (by my wife).

b. My husband would have been climbing the wall. => The wall would have been
being climbed (by my husband).
Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya melakukan pekerjaan, sebaliknya, kalimat pasif
(passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Active voice lebih sering
digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. Namun demikian, sering kita temukan
passive voice di surat-surat kabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. Passive voice
digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya.
Contoh :

Active : We fertilize the soil every 6 months


Passive: The soil is fertilized by us every 6 months

Dari contoh ini dapat kita lihat bahwa:


1. Object dari active voice (the soil) menjadi subject dari passive voice
2. Subject dari active voice (we) menjadi object dari passive voice. Perhatikan pula bahwa terjadi perubahan dari
subject pronoun we menjadi object pronoun us.
3. Verb1 (fertilize) pada active voice menjadi verb3 (fertilized) pada passive voice.
4. Ditambahkannya be is di depan verb3. Be yang digunakan adalah tergantung pada subject passive voice dan
tenses yang digunakan. (Perhatikan pola-pola passive voice di bawah).
5. Ditambahkannya kata by di belakang verb3. Namun, jika object dari passive voice dianggap tidak penting atau
tidak diketahui, maka object biasanya tidak dikemukakan dan begitu pula kata by.
6. Khusus untuk kalimat-kalimat progressive (present, past, past perfect, future, past future, dan past future perfect
continuous, perlu menambahkan being di depan verb3). Kalau tidak ditambahkan being, tensisnya akan berubah,
bukan progressive/continuous lagi. Perhatikan contoh-contoh pada poin h o di bawah.
Berdasarkan keenam poin di atas maka passive voice mengikuti pola sebagai berikut:
Subject + be + Verb3 + by + Object + modifier
Pola active dan passive voice pada tiap tensis

a. Jika active voice dalam simple present tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah is, am atau are.
Contoh:
Active : He meets them everyday.
Passive : They are met by him everyday.
Active : She waters this plant every two days.
Passive : This plant is watered by her every two days.

b. Jika active voice dalam simple past tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah was atau were
Contoh:
Active : He met them yesterday
Passive : They were met by him yesterday
Active : She watered this plant this morning
Passive : This plant was watered by her this morning

c. Jika active voice dalam present perfect tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah
auxiliary has atau have, sehingga menjadi has been atau have been
Contoh:
Active : He has met them
Passive : They have been met by him
Active : She has watered this plant for 5 minutes.
Passive : This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes.

d. Jika active voice dalam past perfect tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah
auxiliary had, sehingga menjadi had been
Contoh:
Active : He had met them before I came.
Passive : They had been met by him before I came.
Active : She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here
Passive : This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here

e. Jika active voice dalam simple future tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah be
Contoh:
Active : He will meet them tomorrow.
Passive : They will be met by him tomorrow.
Active : She will water this plant this afternoon.
Passive : This plant will be watered by her this afternoon.
Active : The farmers are going to harvest the crops next week
Passive : The crops are going to be harvested by the farmers next week.

f. Jika active voice dalam future perfect tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah
auxiliary will have, sehingga menjadi will have been
Contoh:
Active : He will have met them before I get there tomorrow.
Passive : They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow.
Active : She will have watered this plant before I get here this afternoon.
Passive : This plant will have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon.

g. Jika active voice dalam past future perfect tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah been yang diletakkan setelah
auxiliary would have, sehingga menjadi would have been.
Contoh:
Active : He would have met them.
Passive : They would have been met by him.
Active : She would have watered this plant.
Passive : This plant would have been watered by her.

h. Jika active voice dalam present continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah (is, am atau are) + being.
Contoh:
Active : He is meeting them now.
Passive : They are being met by him now.
Active : She is watering this plant now.
Passive : This plant is being watered by her now.

i. Jika active voice dalam past continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah (was atau were) + being.
Contoh:
Active : He was meeting them.
Passive : They were being met by him.
Active : She was watering this plant.
Passive : This plant was being watered by her.

j. Jika active voice dalam perfect continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah (has/have) been + being.
Contoh:
Active : He has been meeting them.
Passive : They have been being met by him.
Active : She has been watering this plant.
Passive : This plant has been being watered by her.
k. Jika active voice dalam past perfect continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah had been + being.
Contoh:
Active : He had been meeting them.
Passive : They had been being met by him.
Active : She had been watering this plant.
Passive : This plant had been being watered by her.

l. Jika active voice dalam future continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah will be + being.
Contoh:
Active : He will be meeting them.
Passive : They will be being met by him.
Active : She will be watering this plant.
Passive : This plant will be being watered by her.

m. Jika active voice dalam past future continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah would be + being.
Contoh:
Active : He would be meeting them.
Passive : They would be being met by him.
Active : She would be watering this plant.
Passive : This plant would be being watered by her.

n. Jika active voice dalam future perfect continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah will have been + being.
Contoh:
Active : He will have been meeting them.
Passive : They will have been being met by him.
Active : She will have been watering this plant.
Passive : This plant will have been being watered by her.

o. Jika active voice dalam past future perfect continuous tense, maka be passive voice-nya adalah would have been +
being.
Contoh:
Active : He would be meeting them.
Passive : They would be being met by him.
Active : She would be watering this plant.
Passive : This plant would be being watered by her.
Contoh-contoh yang lain:
1. Kokos nose is bleeding. He was punched by his friend right on his nose. (Hidung Koko sedang berdarah. Dia dipukul
oleh temannya tepat di hidungnya).
2. The Indonesian football team was beaten by the Saudi Arabian team. (Team sepakbola Indonesia dikalahkan oleh
team arab Saudi).
3. These plants were watered by my sister a few minutes ago. (Tanaman-tanaman ini disirami oleh adikku beberapa
menit yang lalu).
4. There is no meal left. All has been devoured by Yeyes. (Tidak ada makan yang tersisa. Semuanya telah dilahap
habis oleh Yeyes).
5. English is studied by all high school students. (Bahasa Inggris dipelajari oleh semua murid sekolah menengah
lanjutan (SMP dan SMA).