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Tugas Akhir Jurusan Teknik Kimia

Prarancangan Pabrik Metilen Klorida dari Metil Klorida dan Klorin dengan
Kapasitas 40.000 ton/tahun
Oleh : Dhenok Puspita Zahara, NIM : 10/296572/TK/36169
Pembimbing : Ir. Hary Sulistyo, S.U, Ph.D

INTISARI

Metilen klorida (CH2Cl2) adalah salah satu senyawa klorometana yang


banyak digunakan dalam proses industri, seperti solven pada industri cat maupun
penghilang vernish, bahan dalam pembuatan bahan adhesives, bahan pembuatan
aerosol dan banyak digunakan pada proses lainnya.
Pabrik ini direncanakan beroperasi selama 330 hari/tahun dengan kapasitas
produksi metilen klorida 40.000 ton/tahun. Bahan baku utama yang dibutuhkan
adalah metil klorid 99,5% sebanyak 27.097,57 ton/tahun dan klorin 99,5%
sebanyak 40.918,05 ton/tahun. Produk samping yang dihasilkan adalah HCl 30%
sebanyak 60.035,74 ton/tahun dan kloroform 95,80% sebanyak 1.779,16
ton/tahun.
Proses pembuatan metilen klorida dari metil klorida dan klorin dilakukan
dengan menggunakan proses termal klorinasi. Reaksi terjadi pada fase gas di
dalam reaktor alir pipa multitube pada suhu 265 oC dan tekanan 3 atm. Sebagai
penunjang, unit utilitas menyuplai kebutuhan air make-up sebesar 15.552,00
kg/jam yang diperoleh dari Sungai Cidanau, kebutuhan listrik sebesar 193,27
kWh, udara instrumen sebanyak 150 m3/jam dan steam sebanyak 4.323,61 kg/jam.
Pabrik ini akan didirikan pada kawasan industri terpadu di Cilegon, Banten,
Jawa Barat dengan pertimbangan yaitu, dekat dengan bahan baku klorin dan
sumber air yaitu Sungai Cidanau, serta tersedianya sarana transportasi darat dan
laut sehingga memudahkan pemasaran produk. Pabrik metilen klorida memiliki
karyawan sejumlah 233 orang dengan luas area pabrik sebesar 75.000 m2.
Perhitungan evaluasi ekonomi memberikan hasil sebagai berikut: fixed
capital sebesar $ 12.008.395,28 + Rp 342.229.894.614,96 dan working capital
sebesar $ 17.827.378,29 + Rp 14.408.076.175,98. Production cost sebesar $
40.480.022,73 + Rp 77.945.330.132,34. Pada kapasitas 100% produksi, diperoleh
ROI before tax 44,18%, ROI after tax 22,09%. POT before tax 1,85 tahun , POT
after tax 3,12 tahun dengan BEP 42,04%, SDP 22,20%, dan DCFRR 24,44 %.
Berdasarkan pertimbangan hasil evaluasi tersebut, maka pabrik metilen klorida
dengan kapasitas 40.000 ton/tahun ini layak untuk dikaji lebih lanjut.

Kata Kunci : Metilen Klorida, Metil Klorida, Klorin, Solven


Final Assignment of Chemical Engineering Department
Plant Design of Methylene Chloride from Methyl Chloride and Chlorine with
40.000 tons/year Capacity
Delivered : Dhenok Puspita Zahara, NIM : 10/296572/TK/36169
Lecturer :Ir. Hary Sulistyo, S.U., Ph.D.

ABSTRACT
Methylene chloride (CH2Cl2) is one of the chloromethane compounds are
widely used in industrial processes, such as solvent in the paint industry and
vernish remover, an ingredient in the manufacture of adhesives, aerosol-making
material and widely used in other processes.
This plant is planned to operate for 330 days a year with methylene chloride
production capacity of 40.000 tons/year. The main raw materials required are
methyl chloride 99.5% as much as 27097.57 tons / year and 99.5% chlorine as
40.918,05 tons/year. Side products is HCl 30% solution whiches produced
60.035,74 tons/year and chloroform as much as 1.779,16 tons/year.
The process of manufacture of methylene chloride from methyl chloride and
chlorine is done by using thermal chlorination process. The reaction occurs in the
gas phase in the multitube pipe plug flow reactor at a temperature of 265 oC and
pressure of 3 atm. As a support, the utility plant unit supplies the needs of the
make-up water of 15.552,00 kg/hour that is obtained from the Cidanau, 193,27
kWh of electricity, compressed air up to 150 m3/hour and 4.323,61 kg/hour
steam.
This plant will be established in integrated industrial area in Cilegon,
Banten, West Java, with the considerations are close to the raw material of
chlorine and the water source Cidanau River, as well as the availability of land
and sea transportation to facilitate the marketing and delivering of products. The
plant methylene chloride has a number of employees 233 people and total plant
area of 75.000 m2.
Calculation of economic evaluation gives the following results: fixed capital
required is $ 12.008.395,28 + Rp 342.229.894.614,96 and working capital is $
17.827.378,29 + Rp 4.408.076.175,98. Production costs amounted to $
40.480.022,73 + Rp 77.945.330.132,34. At full production rate, obtained ROI
before tax is 44,18%, ROI after tax is 22,09%. POT before tax 1,85 year, POT
after tax is 3,12 years, with BEP at 42,04% capacity, SDP at 22,20% capacity,
and 24,44% of DCFRR. Based on consideration of the economic evaluation
results, the methylene chloride plant with the capacity of 40.000 tons / year is
worth to be studied further.

Kata Kunci : Methylene Chloride, Methyl Chloride, Chlorine, Solvent