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Please read manual before using

Digital Micro hardness tester

Manual Book

Shanghai Jvjing Precision Instrument Mfg. Co., Ltd.


HVD-1000AP is Auto turret type (objective lens - indenter - objective lens
switched by motor)
HVD-1000MP is Manual turret type (objective lens - indenter - objective lens
switched by manual)
If need optical path (can add CCD camera) on the top cover, please tell us in

1.1 Performance and use

The digital micro-Vickers hardness tester is best suited to test metal structures,
including small parts, sheet, metal foil, high-quality wires, thin layer of hardened layer
and the plating. It can also be used to test, such as glass, jewelry and ceramics by
Rockwell test methods and test the relative power of other tests cannot be tested
non-metallic materials. In particular, it follows the structure of metals, testing, such as
induction hardening or carburization of the internal hardness of the material.
Test consists of two parts. In the first part, the diamond indenter is driven by a
known force, pressed into the surface of the tested materials. In the second part the
user measure the diagonal length of indentation, and to input measured readings to
the mainframe, and mainframe computing the corresponding Vickers or Knoop
hardness value.

1.2 Test instruction

Vickers hardness test is relative to the material to a permanent indentation size of
the judge. Figure 1-1 describes a testing process.

Value set

Test force Loading unloading

Figure 1-1 test cycle diagram
The beginning of the test, tester makes indenter down until just touch the surface
of the specimen. Test Force at this point starts to load and has chosen to reach a good
setting. Hardness Tester and then choose a good insurance charge by the time the force
will remain for some time.

The final dwell time of the test force rapidly return to the initial point. Then the

turntable to 40 times the lens location, measuring indentation diagonal. The two thin

micrometer eyepieces can be separately regulated to just stuck indentation diagonal.

Users can press the eyepiece micrometer measurement of spin wheel near the input key

to the measured data input host. The host will then use the formula given in this chapter,
and show the Vickers or Knoop hardness values.

1.3 structure
HVD-1000AP, HVD-1000MP is small screen

Figure 1-2

1. Eyepiece micrometer 2. Cold lighting source

3. 10 objective lens 4. Indenter

5. X-Y platform 6. Lift shaft (polish rod)

7. LCD screen 8. Membrane keyboard

9. Level adjustment screws 10. Test Force Transformation hand wheel

11. Channel switch knob 12. Turret

13. 40 Objectives 14. Hardness block

15. Outlet 16. RS232 Interface

17. Power switch 18. Elevating hand wheel

19. Printer 20. Optical path

21. Polishing rod protective casing

1.4 principal of Vickers hardness
The top two with the provisions of the relative surface angle is Diamond indenter foot
pressed into the surface of the sample with the test beat, maintaining a specified time, then
removable test force, measuring indentation diagonal length surface of the sample (see



Figure 1-3 Test principal of Vickers

Vickers hardness value is the test force divided by surface area obtained by indentation,
indentation has been regarded as having a square base surface and with the same indenter
angle of the ideal shape.

Vickers hardness values calculated by the following formula:


HV--- Vickers hardness value

F--- Test ForceN
S--- Indentation surfacemm2
D---the average of two Indentation diagonal length mm
---indenter angle =1360
If the test force units kgf, the Vickers hardness values obtained by the following formula:

1.5 Knoop hardness test principal

Knoop and Vickers testing difference is that they use a different indenter, and Vickers
need to measure the length of the diagonal 2, Knoop only measured one. Vickers indenter is
a square bottom of the pyramid-shaped indenter, while the Knoop indenter is a
diamond-shaped bottom of the pyramid-shaped indenter with the sample surface on the
vertical indentation in the shape of a diamond, the ratio of the length of two diagonal about 7
to 1 (see Figure 1-4). Knoop indenter due to the geometric characteristics of the test force is
small the measured diagonal high precision.

Figure 1-4 Knoop hardness test principal

Indentation depth is very shallow, about 1 / 30 of long diagonal . Because of this feature,
Knoop test is applicable for testing thin coatings, surface hardening layer of thin gold,
decarburization layer and the hard brittle metal hardness.

Knoop indenter is very sensitive on the specimen surface flatness and roughness of the
specimen top and bottom of parallelism, in particular the extent of the surface polished.

Knoop hardness values calculated by the following formula:


HK---- Knoop hardness value

F---- Test ForceN
S---- Indentation projected areamm2
C---- Constant of indenterFrom the above formula (1)
D---- The length of long diagonalmm
If the pilot power units kgf, Knoop hardness values obtained by the following formula:


2. specifications
1. Vickers Scale HV0.01HV0.025HV0.05 HV 0.1 HV 0.2 HV 0.3
HV 0.5HV 1, HV 2
2. Test Force Units gfmN
3. Test Force (gf)10 25 50 100 200 300 500 1000
(mN)98 245 490 980 1960 2940 4900 9800
4. Note: This manual of the two kinds of models, as long as you purchase a special
weight, your instrument can do 2000 (gf) Test Force Vickers hardness testing.
5. Test Force Options Optional: Test Force Transformation by hand wheel selection,
power chose displayed on the screen
6. Load Control: Automatic (loading / dwell / Uninstall)
7. dwell time :1-99 seconds (1 second increments)
8. Test ModeHV/HK
9. Hardness values: manual measurement, automatically
10. Optical System
Objectives 10observe40test
Eyepiece 10
Total Magnification100observe400test
Range 200m
Resolution 0.01m
11. XY stage
Size 100100
Travel 2525
Resolution 0.01mm
Maximum height 85mm
12. max depth120mm
13. light brightness8 range adjustable
14. light source 5V/3W LED
15. loading generator 2.5W220V AC4rpm
16. power AC220V60/50Hz
17. total consumption 30W
18. total size 490185515
19. weight 45kg

3. Installment and adjustment

3.1 Before installing, check the following conditions:
Test platform is strong and can support the hardness tester and any other accessories
weight. In addition, the table should be at the level of relatively good condition.
Table is without any mechanical vibration interference.
In the hardness tester and the surrounding wall there is sufficient spacing between in
order to facilitate future routine maintenance.
Power is located in hardness 1m (3 ft.) Within the scope of, and the voltage is stable,
grounded and reliable, uninterrupted.
Studio environment temperature is 23 5 .
Studio relative humidity 65%.
Studio non-corrosive media.

3.2 installation steps

Also can see the video at: for reference.
3.2.1 Put tester on working stage
3.2.2 Install the four levels of adjustment screws (in the Annex box) into the four screw
holes in the bottom of the machine. Figure 3-1.

a First install the front screws b then rear screws c Adjustment screws, placing the host


Figure 3-1 level adjust screws to install

3.2.3 Pulling eyepiece tube blockage. Install the micrometer eyepiece (in the Annex box)
into the eyepiece tube. As shown in Figure 3-2
3.2.4 counter-clockwise rotate focusing hand wheel, the lift shaft down to the
appropriate place. Then the XY test stage (in the Annex box) into the lift shaft hole, and then
lock screw fixation test stage. Figure 3-3.
Note: In front of the stage you do not try to place XY focusing hand wheel clockwise to
prevent the lift shaft of the high lead screw nut l trip.
Figure 3-2 Install micrometer eyepiece

Figure 3-3 to install X-Y test stage

3.2.5 Put the level of instrument (in the Annex box) on the x-y test stage, by level adjusting
screws to tune the hardness levelly.
3.2.6 Rotate cap screws, use the suction cups to open the cap, remove the desiccant.
3.2.7 Set test force transforming wheel to 10gf position, carefully draw out filling bar placed
between lever and weigh box, Check whether lever blade is into the digital ring groove

If the lever blade is not supported slot may result in indenter due to
position of being forced to sink a direct collision of the specimen caused by
damage, or pressure head at work without fault.

3.2.8 put the weight (in the Annex box) into the weight box in turn. Figure 3-4.
Note:before you place the weight, the test force transformation handwheel must be set to
the 10gf location. First put the lightest weight, and then put the weight into the order from
small to big. When placing weights to be careful not to make any impact as far as possible
with suction cups.

Figure 3-4 weight placed on the use of suction cup

3.2.9 After Weights placed well, power change hands experiment wheel shall be rotated
several times repeated, checking weights and the weights whether there is friction between
the boxes.
3.2.10 Cover cap, tighten screws.
3.2.11 Make sure the power switch is set in the "O" (closed) positions, with the power line
(in the Annex box) the hardness and power connected.

Note: In the plug and the power connected before you have to check whether the
hardness of the power settings to match power with power.

3.2.12 Press the power switch on the "I" mark, open the hardness tester.
3.2.13 Test standard hardness blocks, test methods, see Appendix A: "hardness tester

Note: Your hardness tester equipped with a standard hardness block or two.

If the repeatability of hardness in excess of A-1 of the specified value, showing the
value of the error in Table A-2 more than the specified value, please contact your local
dealer, or call our after-sales service phones.
3.2.14 Press the power of the "O" mark, turn off the power.
3.2.15 Cast Instrument cover (in the Annex box).

4. key function
4.1 Display interface
Figure 4-1 shows the HVD-1000AP/MP front panel.

Figure 4-1 HVD-1000AP / MP front panel

4.2 key function
By pressing the <START>, you can start a Vickers or Knoop tests.

By pressing the <OK>, you can confirm your choices or settings and return to a
higher level menu or main menu.

By pressing the <ESC>, you can return to higher menu from a sub-menu.

Ready to test the eyepiece after the cursor appears in the d1 zero position, by pressing
<DELETE>, under the main menu you can clear the history of test records d1 . Press <> to
move the cursor to the position of d2 can be removed by <DELETE> record.

After you press <DWELL> , dwell time setup will appear on the LCD, on the menu
you can by pressing the <> and <> to set the dwell time. Every time press the <> or <>,
then the insurance would be a corresponding reduction in load time, or one plus one.
If you think you it have reached the dwell time you want, click <OK> confirmation.
System will save your current settings and return to the main menu.
If you want to cancel the operation, you can press the <ESC> back to the main menu
and save the last set.
Note:you shutdown the system will automatically save your changes to settings, enter the
system default state (the system default security charge time is 10 seconds).

You press <SETUP> the adjustment menu is displayed in the LCD (see Figure 4-4).
You can by pressing the <> and <> Select tuning options
4.2.2 Test hardness
By pressing the <> and <>, you can choose options for testing hardness. When
this option was high-brightness display, you can press <OK> to confirm. The system will go
to test hardness of the options menu. Figure 4-6.
Press <> or <> Select your desired hardness testing mode, so that the option was
high-brightness display, press <OK> to confirm, return to the previous menu level.
If you do not want to change the existing hardness test mode, you can press <ESC>.
The system will return on a menu, do not save your changes.
Note: The system for each boot by default when you shut down before the settings.

Figure 4-6: Test hardness setting menu

4.2.3 choose 1K 2K(there need to prepare the 2Kg weight for extra)
If you want to 2Kg Vickers hardness test, by pressing <> and <>, you can choose
1K or 2K options.

In order to ensure hardness measurement accuracy, the system requirements for each
instrument after power start carrying out the hardness before the test, you must first
measurement of the zero operation eyepiece. If you forget to carry out this operation under
the instrument will display along the display "will measure the eyepiece to zero," to remind
you that shown in Figure 4-11. Measuring eyepiece zero, press the <START>, the system
will continue to test operations.

If you choose print out from this machine, please press <PRINT> key. Print data
format and the meaning of relevant content shown in Figure 4-12.
TEST NO Test Number
HV0.5 Test Scale
X 730.3 The average value of hardness test
NO 03 Test record number
MIN 700.5 The minimum test record
MAX 756.1 Maximum test record
R 64.6 The maximum difference test record
1 718.9 1st hardness test value
2 735.3 Hardness values of the 2nd test
3 721.4 3rd hardness test value

Figure 4-12 Printing data format

5. How to test
This chapter describes in detail how to operate the hardness tester. As the Knoop and
Vickers testing testing is very similar to the manual on the Vickers only as an example to
introduce how to do.

5.1 Select Test Ruler

Before you begin
Check the following conditions:
Hardness level has been adjusted
Hardness Tester on the voltage setting match with power
5.1.1 Press the power switch on the "I" mark to open the hardness tester power supply, the
system will issue "Didi" sound followed by system displays the main menu, which shows
that the system tested normal.

5.1.2 Through the experiment power force transform hand-wheel selection trials. The
system will automatically determine the current ruler to select and display the main menu. If
necessary, according to <DWELL> time to change the insurance charge.
5.2 Start testing
Note: <START> used in all the parameter settings have been completed after a test.
Before the start of the test, the system should display the main menu. You have to let
hardness after the completion of testing procedures in order to press the button to press
any key.

Before you begin

Check the following conditions:
hardness tester shows the main menu screen
In addition to the sample XY trial stage there are no other items outside the
Take care!
If the trial stage, there is no test piece, please do not start testing
procedures. The pressure head pressure to the test station will have two
components are causing damage! Prohibiting the use of magnetic force of
the table and specimen fixture!

5.2.1 General Test

1. The test specimen on the stage.
2. To turn the stage 40 objective lens back to working position
4. Move the specimen so that just below the 40 objective lens. Focusing hand wheel
clockwise rotation, raising lift shaft, until the specimen was raised to about 0.5 mm from the
pressure head height.
5. Gradually focusing hand wheel clockwise rotation, the optical focusing system, until you
feel satisfied with the results of the Focus.
If necessary, turn the stage into the 10 objective lens back to working position, observation,
select the test points, and focusing, and then 40 objective lens back to hardness of the
Central and accurate focusing. Focusing is complete, the sample surface texture should be
clearly visible in the field of view.
Focus should be carefully carried out to avoid the specimen and the
pressure head or the lens collision. A collision will damage these parts!

The pressure head back to the work location, ready to be tested. Press <START>. The
system will begin a test and display please wait xxx .

Note: If the lens position at work, not directly by <START> key, must first go to the work
pressure head position, and then <START> key for testing.

5.2.2 Automatic test (HVD-1000AP)

1. put test specimen on the stage.
2. Point moving turntable, the 40 objective lens back to working position.
3. Moving the specimen so that just below the 40 objective lens. Focusing hand wheel
clockwise rotation, raising lift shaft, until the specimen was raised to about 0.5 mm from the
pressure head height.
4. Gradually focusing hand wheel clockwise rotation, the optical focusing system, until
you feel satisfied with the results of the Focus.
5. 5. To turn the stage 10 objective lens back to working position, observation, select the
test points, and focusing.
6. The 40 objective point of moving back to the work location and precise focusing.
Focusing is complete, the sample surface texture should be visible in the field of view
7. Press <START>. Turntable will automatically put pressure head back to the work
location, and then start a test, the system displays a wait message. Figure 5-2.
8. Upon completion of testing, 40 objective lens turret automatically go back to
working position, the system's display as shown in Figure 5-3. At this point, the system
waiting for you to measure and enter the diagonal measurement readings.
9. When you are operating proficiency, you can omit the step 5,6.
5.3 Eyepiece micrometer
As shown in Figure 5-4 micrometer eyepiece optical system is part of the hardness tester. It
can help you observe and measure the actual indentation diagonal length. Micrometer
eyepiece has two thin, a thin line at the end of the indentation after the move to remain
stationary, while the other root rotation through the rotating measuring wheel, to continue to
move to the other side of the indentation diagonal. When you think the two diagonal lines at
both ends just in time, you can press the measurement of spin-wheel measurement data input
keys to enter the hardness of the computer system.

thin line setting input key

drum wheel

Figure 5-4 micrometer eyepiece

5.4 Diagonal Measurement

1. The 40 objective lens to the central authorities.
2. Rotary goggles, until the eyepiece inside the two thin are very clear. Figure 5-5.
3. Observe the eyepiece inside the image quality. Hand-wheel to focus, until the indentation,
as is very clear.

Figure 5-5 within the two eyepiece are very clear and thin line
4. Rotating measuring wheel rotation, so that the left and right sides infinitely thin line close
to the middle, leaving only a very fine faint light, shown in Figure 5-6. Then <ZERO> to D1,
D2 value is set to zero. Measurement of rotation; rotating shift to the right line wheel to the
right side of thin line separating the two.

Figure 5-6 eyepiece close to within two thin infinite

5. To the left of the thin micrometer eyepiece positioning drum, so that the left side of the
line just stuck in the indentation diagonal and the left edge with the vertical, shown in Figure
5-7. This action will allow two lines move together.

Figure 5-7 Move the left edge thin line to the indentation left

6. Rotating measuring wheel rotation, so that the right indentation diagonal thin line just
stuck the right edge. Figure 5-8.

Figure 5-8 Move the right side of the right thin line to the indentation tip

7. Click on the eyepiece micrometer input keys, LCD screen displays the value of D1, and

automatically go to D2, asked to enter the value of D2, shown in Figure 5-4.

8. Micrometer eyepiece will rotate 90 . Observed inside the eyepiece like. Thin at this time
should be another one diagonal vertical indentation.

9. Rotary thin position rotary wheel, so just stuck on the tip indentation. This action will also

be moving two lines. Figure 5-9.

Figure 5-9 moving to the indentation on the top thin edge

10. Rotating measuring wheel rotation, so that the lower thin line just stuck under the
indentation tip. Figure 5-10.

Figure 5-10 Move the bottom edge under the thin line to the indentation

11. Click on the eyepiece micrometer input key input value D2, the system automatically

calculate the hardness, the hardness at this time the value of a column will show your test


12. If you are not satisfied with the test results, you can press <DELETE> clear the current

test results. Figure 4-2. Then you can re-measure and enter the diagonal length.
Eyepiece horizontal

Just click the button on eyepiece,

the data D1 will show on screen


Eyepiece vertical

Just click the button on eyepiece,

the data D2 will show on screen

Then the hardness will show on the screen.

5.5 Turret rotation
HVD-1000AP rotation of the turret can jog operation. Jog operation by the press <> or
<> to achieve.
HVD-1000MP without this function, it switched by manual.

5.5.1 Turret turn to left

In the system shows the premise of the main menu, press <> time, rotating a turntable to
the left position, shown in Figure 5-11. Such as work place from the 10 objective lens to
pressure head or from the pressure head to 40 objective lens


turn one position left when clicking

turret once.

Figure 5-11 left turn operation

Note: If the 40 objective lens has been in a working position, the failure of rotary

turntable to the left.

5.5.2 Turret turn to right

In the system shows the premise of the main menu, press <> time, turntable would be a
right turn position, shown in Figure.

turn one position right when

clicking turret once.
Figure 5-12 right-turn operation
Note: If the 10 objective lens has been in a working position, turn the failure of the
right turntable.

5.6 2K Test Force Selection

When you buy a 2K test force weight, you already have testing equipment force the value of
2000 (gf) Vickers hardness testing capabilities.
Note: This machine default (standard parameter) is 1K Test Force.


1. Handwheel transform the pilot power is set to 10gf location.

2. Spin to the top cover screws, use the suction cups open the hardness cap, remove the 1K
weights (the top one is the 1K weight).
3. Into the 2K weights.
Note: you place the weight before the test force transformation handwheel must be set to
the 10gf location. When placing weights to be careful not to make any impact.
4. In a good place to weights, you should power change hands experiment wheel rotated
several times repeated, checking weights and the weights whether there is friction between
the boxes.
5. Transform the pilot force to the 1K/2K position hand wheel rotation.
6. Covered with lid, tighten screws.
7. Press the power switch on the "I" mark to open the hardness tester power supply.
8. Press <SETUP>, display adjustment menu. Press <> will choose 1K 2K election was
high-brightness display.
9. Press <OK> confirmed the force.
At this point, you have been able to test the equipment force of 2000 (gf) Vickers hardness

5.7 Notes
1. Diamond indenter is a very important part of the instrument, so operation to be very
careful not to touch lightly punch.
2. Diamond indenter should be kept clean and, when stained with the grease or dirt can be
cotton, when stained with alcohol (industrial use) can be ether, in the pressure head at
the top carefully graze clean.
3. Pressure head of the External Department has a red dot markers, such as unloading heavy
equipment when the pressure head, the red dot should be aligned in front of.
4. Micrometer eyepiece parallax due to the different individuals, so observe the eyepiece
field of view of the engraved lines may be blurred. Therefore, the operator substitutions
should be the first micro-rotating eyepiece goggles, so that the observed changes depending
on the venue of the engraved lines clear.
5. Eyepiece micrometer inserted in the eyepiece tube, or for 90 rotation should pay
attention to be close to eyepiece micrometer eyepiece tube, can not be left gap, otherwise it
will affect the measurement accuracy.
6. Light source lighting the center will directly affect the indentation of the image quality. If
you like the quality of blurred or uneven lighting, you need adjustable light source center.
Adjust two screws can be carefully carried out from top to bottom, left and right fine-tuning,
so that the light bulb at the center.
7. Specimen surface must be clean. If the surface stained with grease and dirt, it will affect
the measurement accuracy. In a clean sample, the available scrub alcohol or ether.
8. When you need photography, you can remove the micrometer eyepiece to the camera into
eyepiece tube for photography.
6. Maintenance
6.1 Fuse Replacement
6.1.1 Turn off the power switch. Unplug the power cord.
6.1.2 fuse power outlet installed in the hardness tester, the switch and power jack is located in
the middle, with the for-word when you need to use a small screwdriver gently inserted in
the insurance lid to pry out the fuse box, remove the fuse inside the .
6.1.3 Remove the fuse, take a look inside the filament is broken. If you can not decide whether
the fuse is broken, you can use an ohmmeter to check whether the filament is good.
6.1.4 If the fuse is damaged, please install a new fuse (fuse box there is a spare fuse).
6.1.5 Push the fuse box back to its original position.

6.2 Replacement Bulb

HVD-1000AP, HVD-1000MP Hardness Tester Microscope lighting system light source used
high-power LED, its service life than ordinary halogen bulbs much longer, under normal
circumstances is not easy to damage. If you accidentally damaged, you can order to the
company. Installation steps are as follows:
6.2.1 Turn off the power switch. Unplug the power cord.
6.2.2 the light source unplug the cord from the socket in one hand and hold on light source
block in one hand and spin out the light source seat rear cover, remove the lid with LED
light (spin out the back cover when the light source blocks can not move). Figure 6-1
Rear cover adjust screw
Power line

Figure 6-1 seat light source

6.2.3 replace the LED, put the seat back cover to re-spin the lights are the source, and then
the light source cable into the cradle.
6.2.4 plug in the power outlet, turn the power switch, press the keyboard <> <> keys, the
brightness of light transferred to moderate.
6.2.5 Observation of micrometer eyepiece, adjust the light source light source center seat of
two adjustable screws, so that within the eyepiece field of bright light, evenly.

6.3 Printer
6.3.1 HVD-1000AP, HVD-1000MP hardness tester machine body is equipped with a
mini-printer. Overall structure of the aircraft shown in Figure 6-2.

Figure 6-2 Overall structure of the printer

When the power supply is open, the power indicator light will be lit.
6.3.2 Change printing paper
If not printing, check the printer, if the paper had run out, please be replaced. Press the lower
right corner button, the printer front cover will open, remove the paper from the printer
scrolls, scroll set of the new axis in the scroll, and then rolls into the printer according to the
derivative of tank. End of paper cut pattern shown in Figure 6-3.

Figure 6-3 paper-side style

Note: The print paper width is 44mm. If only out of paper when printing without print
records, you may install the anti-paper, and the need to roll out U-turn.

6.4 tone of the image

HVD-1000AP, HVD-1000-MP hardness of the optical system a total magnification of 100
and 400 , so punch the top position if it has a trace of small offset, will result in indentation,
like a clear departure from the relatively central location. Transportation equipment,
vibration and pressure head for various reasons such as loading and unloading will result in
the departure.
If, as appears in the field of deviation within the normal phenomenon. Through the
following method can be used to tune in as. The location of the screw shown in Figure 6-4.

Figure 6-4 to adjust the location of screw

6.4.1 6.4.1, image in the top of center(Figure 6-5): Micro-Pine screw 1; Micro-Pine screw 2; Figure 6-5 image is above center Micro-pine screw 1 3 ,turn the image to
near the center, if not enough, please repeat tight screws 1,2,3, the same time
as the transfer of image
6.4.2 image in the bottom of center (Figure 6-6): slightly loose screw 1,3;

Figure 6-6 image is below and right if center Micro-tighten the screw 2 to near the center, as transferred, if insufficient Repeat the
previous step; tight screws were 1,2,3, in the same time as the transfer.
6.4.3 image in the left of center (Figure 6-7): Micro-Pine screw 3 Micro-Pine screw 2; Micro-tighten the screw 1,
as transferred to near the center, Figure 6-7, image is on the left of center
such as insufficient
Repeat the first step ; tight screws were 1,2,3, the same time as the transfer
6.4.4 image in the center of the right (Figure 6-8): Micro-Pine screw 1; Micro-Pine screw 2; figure6-8 image is at right side of the center Micro-tighten the screw 3 to near the center, as transferred, such as insufficient
repeat the first step ; tight screws 1,2,3, in the same time as the transfer.
6.4.5 image at any side of center (Figure 6-9): According to the above method first horizontal
(vertical) to the tune of; According methods above turn
Tune of image is a patient job, by several
Practice, believe you can make it.
Figure 6-9, as in the center of any side
NOTE: Like in the whole process should be adjusted in the field of surveillance carried
out under. Once, like missed field of view (FOV can not see like), please immediately stop
work, and timely contact with our maintenance contractors.

6.5 Indenter
Vickers hardness test is a more sensitive hardness test, therefore, in order to ensure
accurate test results, maintaining pressure head clean and free from any wear and
tear and damage is essential. You should check the pressure every day, the head of
state, if you find that there is pressure head signs of wear or damage, replace the
pressure head. You must realize that the following points:
In the test material or have experienced excellent after the accident, the indenter
edge of the first crack or wear and tear. If you have any questions about indenter
head, please check or replace.
pressure head of the specimen is very sensitive to surface conditions. The specimen
surface must be clean, polished surface of the degree must be tested type (Vickers
or Knoop) and a uniform requirement.

prohibition of pressure head for non-work nature of the mechanical impact.

6.5.1 Installation of pressure head

HVD-1000AP, HVD-1000MP hardness tester factory, random Vickers indenter has been

properly installed on the instrument. If the result of inspection, cleaning, replacement of

other reasons indenter is unloaded, then you have to re-install the pressure head.

Its installation steps are as follows

strut The pressure head handle with care put into the
struts of the mounting hole, The red dot is opposite you, screw

Red dot
shown in Figure 6-10. Tighten screw (elastic appropriate). Figure 6-10 Install pressure head To do a complete testing process. In the 40 objective lens position of observation, like, the right, as there should be a
diagonal to maintain the level shown in Figure 6-11.

Figure 6-11 as the correct If the image is not correctly observed (Figure 6-12), you should release the screw,
slightly rotate pressure head, and then repeat steps 2-4 steps, until the correct image of the

Figure 6-12 incorrect image


Strut and contact with the inner components are a key instrument in
the entire process of installation of pressure head should be careful to
prohibit excessive force causing part distortion, affecting the instrument
testing accuracy.

6.6 Inspection System Accuracy

Routine inspections carried out with the test block
Hardness blocks often used to monitor the performance of hardness is very important. In
standard packing with 1 or 2 pieces hardness block. If need more, you can buy from us /
our agents.
Check with the test pieces the following steps:
6.6.1 Select a test piece with a similar hardness value of hardness blocks.
6.6.2 place a test piece, as the same as the hardness test blocks into the platform.
6.6.3 in terms of hardness indentation, and a block on the pressure measured to see if you
come to test whether the value of the hardness block calibration value within the allowable
range of error, allowing the scope see Appendix A-hardness tester indirect test.
6.6.4 If the allowed error range shows that hardness is working properly, you can test your
6.6.5 If the test results and hardness values of the block vary considerably, then check to see
your test setup and test whether the method of common methodologies and standards and
6.6.6 If this does not solve the problem, it would continue to block a series of hardness, the
hardness values of test,
The distribution of test results to see how: It is widely dispersed, or is concentrated in a
small area?
If the test results are scattered, then the test method may be wrong, or you read in the
measurement readings are wrong. To re-read it again in Chapter 5 of "measured diagonally."
If the test result, they only concentrated in a small area, but the value of the block has a
hardness of approximately equal bias, then there is exactly what the problem is difficult to
specify. In this case, please contact your nearest SIOM maintenance providers.

Indirect Inspection Cycle

To ensure that your hardness tester accuracy over time and still the same, you need at least
annually to conduct an inspection of the hardness tester. The importance of this process,
"Appendix A: hardness tester checks," there are instructions.
Since the inspection process is a complex process, so we strongly recommend that you
let our maintenance engineers to be checked.

Appendix A-hardness tester indirect test

Hardness Tester indirectly by a standard hardness test blocks to play a series of indentation
tests. The machine frequency of inspections should be considered laboratory conditions or
laboratory test requirements, or there is due to improper use or accidents, so that the
accuracy of your hardness of doubt.
Please use the hardness of good blocks. For the indentation diagonal length and the depth of
indentation hardness ratio of less than 2.5 block, do not use.
Please use the surface has not changed the test block. For the old worn surface indentation
and re-machined blocks will change the hardness of the original calibration value.
Indirect tests of the hardness of the steps are as follows:
1. Indirect testing should be under (23 5) room temperature, with the test according
to ISO6507-3 off the standard block.
2. In the standard hardness block lay five indentation, proper protection should be 10-15
seconds load time.
3. If the force on a test, the indentation hardness of the five parameters to satisfy the
following "repetitive" and "show the value of error" two requirements, then the hardness
can be considered qualified.
4. If the force in a trial arising under the indentation diagonal length less than 20m, then
the use of indirect inspection method is not recommended. In this case, the indentation and
the indentation measurement error than the length of large, this will cause the hardness value
and a large deviation from the specified value.

Hardness indication repeatability

1. In each standard hardness block should be pressed out and measured five indentation tests
carried out according to ISO6507-1.
2. Each block of a standard hardness measured on the diagonal of the indentation of the
arithmetic average of 2 d1, d2, d3, d4, d5 according to ascending order.
3. In the specified test conditions, the hardness of the repeatability error of the difference
determined by the following: d5-d1
After inspection of the hardness tester repeatability shall meet the requirements in Table A-1,
or that the hardness tester failed.
Figure A-1*
Hardness tester repeatability error (maximum)

Standard d1) HV
Block HV0.2 HV0.2 HV0.2HV5
Hardness Standard HV
225HV 0.06 d 0.06 d 100 12
200 24
225HV 0.04 d 0.05 d 250 20
350 28
400 32
500 40
600 48
750 60
d =(d1+d2+d3+d4+d5)/5
* ISO6507-2Values and in brackets obtained by interpolation.

Indication error
1. In making the required inspection conditions, the hardness of the indication error of the
difference through the following characterization:
Of which:
H = (H1 + H2 + H3 + H4 + H5) / 5
Formula: H1, H2, H3, H4, H5 is d1, d2, d3, d4, d5 corresponding hardness value
H is the hardness of the standard calibration block hardness value.
Hardness tester hardness of the maximum error is expressed as a percentage of the standard,
the error should not exceed the provisions in Table A-2 in value. Figure A-2*
Hardness Maximum error
Degree Expressed as the standard block a percentage of the value of the provisions
No. of hardness
50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 700 800
HV0.025 8 10
HV0.05 6 8 9 10
HV0.1 5 6 7 8 8 9 10 10 11
HV0.2 4 6 8 9 10 11 11 12
HV0.3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 10
HV0.5 3 5 5 6 6 7 7 8
HV1 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6
HV2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4
1. When the indentation diagonal is less than 0.020mm, the table does not give a margin of
2. For the intermediate values, the maximum permissible error can be obtained by
3. The table value is 0.001 mm, or 2% of the average indentation diagonal for the maximum
error is given, whichever is the greater.
* got from ISO6507-2GB/T4340.2-1999
Warranty Card

Thanks for purchasing our products, followed "quality is the life , service decided the fate of
the enterprise " business philosophy. We provide 1 year warranty to our customers since
delivery date. This card can guarantee you enjoy the right of warranty, so please safe
keeping it. When you need us provide the service to you, please show this card in advance.

1. This is the certificate of the warranty, please safe keeping it. If loosing it, we will do not
replace it.
2. Native quality problems found in the case of normal use, we will responsible for the free warranty

( including labor costs and material costs )

3. The used diamond indenter is not included in the warranty.

4. The following situations will not provide free warranty service.

(1) Without installation and calibration before operation.
(2) Without the permission of our professional workers, unauthorized open the machine to
repair it.
(3) The damage caused by improper operation.
(4) The damage of surface paint.
5. We will charge additional charge if the problem caused by improper keeping and
Users File

Name Tel

Model No. Post code


Date Repair Record Repair person

Quality Certificate

NameDigital Micro hardness tester

Model: HVD-1000AP

Manufacturing No.

Testing date mm dd yy

Detection basisJJG 112-2003

By inspection, the products meet standards for quality requirements.

Inspector: Approval:

Shanghai Jvjing Precision Instrument Mfg. Co., Ltd.
AdressNo.489 Xinhe Road, Jiading District, Shanghai,China
Sale Tel:+86-021-51696069 ext. 8019
Fax: 021-51696069 ext. 8010