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Solution for Vertical Stress Change For a Uniformly-Loaded Rectangular Area

U W

W Uniformly U
Loaded
Areas Are
Shaded
V
(U by V)
V X
O

X
O

Interior Point Exterior Point

= [J(w,x) - J(w-u,x) - J(w,x-v) + J(w-u,x-v)]


J(m,n) = [sign mn] (lml,lnl)
m = W/z n = X/z and etc., where z = depth below point O
sign mn = 1 when mn > 0
sign mn = -1 when mn < 0
(lml,lnl) = stress change below corner of rectangle that is mxn

I (|m|,|n|)=
[
1 2mn m 2 +n2 +1 m 2 +n2 +2
(
4 m 2 + n2 + m2 n2 +1 m 2 +n2 +1 ) + tan1 ( 2 mn m2 + n2 + 1
m 2 +n2 m2 n2 +1 )]
Input: (Use dimensions U and V for loaded area.) Description:
U V W X z Stress under O due to uniform
8 3 8 1.5 3 loading under building.
Note: If m2 + n2 + 1 < m2n2, then must be added to the bracketed quantity in the last term.
This is accomplished by replacing 0 with in column I.
Computations: column I
m n Sign mn (lml,lnl) J(w,x) m +n +1 2 2
mn
2 2 0 or
2.67 0.50 1.000 0.137 0.137 8.36 1.78 0.0000
m n J(w-u,x)
0.00 0.50 1.000 0.000 0.000 1.25 0.00 0.0000
m n J(w,x-v)
2.67 -0.50 -1.000 0.137 -0.137 8.36 1.78 0.0000
m n J(w-u,x-v)
0.00 -0.50 1.000 0.000 0.000 1.25 0.00 0.0000
Note: Multiply by the uniform load
to get the vertical stress change. 0.2730
Problem 8.18 q= 150 kN/m2 Irectangular = 0.273
z/R = 3/1.5 = 2 Icircular = 0.285 Table 8.4 Isemicircular 0.14225
= (0.272+0.142)x300kN/m2
= 62.3 kN/m2