Anda di halaman 1dari 32

ffiffiffiffiffiffi#ffi

Ertsructf;elrt ffiamaxm$

:: ; i'') .in ri P 7 ;\'), .

:--:;, rl,^rrtl r)Tt;' L'rl

; i 3, TR ijili iiiirT''li C iti

G CUS$OruS LJ'i
l()2 Cr.:ar Clorves Sireer
fr''l.ir)(il icsii,)r tvi / !1ii l-':. Engla:'-:
i e it:i:,t,c;r,:. i\.ri-titi iri;:
Cablt:l : Cr;sii:,:h iii.lnclr.-rsttrr
Telr.x: tii/?J:r Ct-lS iEi-H ,.:
P76O2 and P7622
ADDITTONAL BOILER
INSTRUI1ENTATION
NAiJUT ACI URERS L]NA] L] IY

S] ATUTE 37 - HSALIH ATJD SAFETV AI WORK ETC. ACt 197C

G- CUSSONS LTD- hereby drau the attention of all users of our


t to the provlsJons of thls ac.t or any slmiJar provisJons relatlng
lnsial I ati on and use Ln overseas terrjtories-

f,- Statute app)Jes to the equlpment jnstalled jn teaching )abo;-atorjes

lhdor the U-K Act rr,anufacturers of equl Fr.nen t are not l l abl e f or
sequence of Its use, unless thj s js strjc)y in accordance wJth
or.rn opErating lqstructJ ons.

folJows that qny modificatlons to the equipment wil I mean that


lislon appl.les, unless such modlfjcation be specifi ca))y app;-oved
tIng, in advance by our ccrpany-
I

equipment 1s built to high safety standards, and coniinued atLention


given to this.

Id any advi ce be. neecied on saiety aspects r:f the us^e of .our -.;
we shall of course be g)ad to provide jt-
r t'.rDE )1

fntroduction

2. Speciflcation of llajor ftems

3. Ilajor Items Sescriptlon


3.1 Fuel Flow fndicator
3.2 Tempera.ture Indication
3.3 Flue Static Pressure
3.4 Hot Water lleter
3.5 OiL Pressure Gauge
3.6 Carbon Dioxide fndicator

4. Installation and Commissioning


4.1 General
4-? Oraining and Filllng Procedure for Pressure l4anometers

5- Experiments using Additj.onal fnstrumentation

APPENDIX

/tppendix 1 FueI Flow lletering


Appendix 2 Pressure ltlanometers

Fig. 1 Additional Boiler fnstrumentation - Connection Oiagram


Fig. 2 General Arr-angement of Boiler Instrumentation P76A2/11
Fig. 3 Carbon Dioxide Indicator
Introduction.

Ibst of the Additional Eoiler fnstrumentation is contained in the Control.


Assembly illustrated in Fig. 1 Additional Boiler fnstrumentation.
extra instrumentation enables the basic Cussons boiler unit to be used
additional experimentation which includes a boiler test

ecification of l"la.jor ftems.

f,O, fndicator Dwyer 1101 308 Type

Air Flour Oevelopments t-tO.


fndustrial l'lanometer Type 5A4/e5

Pressure Gauge Dwyer Scaled 0-23 bar

ture Indicator Control and Readout Ltd.


- 3 digit fndicator 0-gggoc power
eonsumption 15VA (180 mA anti-surge fuse)

l'linta Type K with sheath material of 1BlB


Stainless Steel.Type 321
t
Kent llini-Plajor scaled 0-0.5 litres/min.
aetuated by reed switch pulser, pulsing
at 440 pulses/Iitre feeding t"todified
Amplicon l"lodel. 55 Digital Counter.
(Maximum continous flow gB 1itne,/hour)

r lleter Kent Type WSfi-W (t.S m3/nrl


3- Description of lvlajor I tems. The Conlrol Box Assembly contains rnetering
for fuel flor,l rate and various selectabte ternperatures, an indicator for the
static pressure in the flue duct and a percentage Ca, indicator for the flue
lases.

t-1 Fuel Flow fndicator. Thls indicator transforms the slgnal from a reed
*Itch./pulsing unit, located in the oil input line between pump and burner
le, into a reading of oir quantity in litres. The reed switch signals
{40 pulses per litre and the maximum reading on the indicator is ggg.gg litres.
Gclprehensive manual relating tq the instrument is to be found in Appendix 1.
I buttons to hold a reading and reset the indicator are mounted on the
box front panel.

Ternperature ftdication. Various temperatures are monitored by thermo-


situated as diagramatically in Fig. 2 - Additional Boiler
shown
tation-Connecti.on diagram. The temperature to be indicated on the
meter is selected in accordance with the foI lowing key :

Thermocouples

No. Temperature Selected

1 Ambient Air
Z Feed water to bpiler
J Fuel input
4 Steam from boiler
5 Exhaust gases in flue

l/Alumel thermocouples (complete with sockets) should be fitted in


,tions indicated in Fig. 1, and using appropriate lengths of thermo-
upensating cable, connected back to the indicatlng instrument using
e plug. Note that connections are made to the thermocouples with
ting cable using the whrte core as positive and the brue core as
Ensure that both thermocouple and compensati-ng interconnection
EnE connecteC in the correct polarity. The oolarity of the compensating
-he checked as iollcws :
Connect aIength of compensating cable to the indr-cating instrument
and short together the free ends of the cab1e. When this short is
warrned the indicator readi.ng should increase positively,

Pressure Indication. The ' flue draught' Istatic pressure) manometer is


on the panel and receiVes its signal from a tapping in the flue duct.

l-lot Water lleter.


This meter is mounted in the boiler feed water plpe-
on the tank assembly and ean handle flow rate readirlgs up to 1.5 *3/h".

OiI Pressure Gauge This gauge i-s mounted on the oil burner and is
0-20 bar pressure.

Carbon Dioxide Indicators. For general operating instructions see


Ja Carbon Dioxide Indicator. The Indicator Unit is mounted on the panel
Ety easily be removed by unscrewing the knurled nut, in order to tip the
as detailed in Fig. 3 section 3.
Instal]ation and Conrni.ssionin

I General. The location and mounting details for the Control Box Assembly
to be found on Org. P7602/S - GA of Eoiler fnstrumentation. After mounting
eontrol box, the thermocouple leads may be run to the various thermoeouple
s (see Fig. 1 and Fig. 2). The Pitot Head is then positioned centrally
the boller flue and the flexible tubing connections are run back to the
I 8ox. A 24O volt single phase 50 Hz supply is connected to termj.nals
crd N with an earth connected to E.

Brainins and Fi.l1i Procedure for the Pressure llanometers.

Ensure that the'boiler flue is nct in operation and rernove the manorneter
ions at the panel

Remove the instrument from its rnountings, and tilt it so thai the operating
drains into a suitable clean receptacle through one of the connections.

Set the 'zeroing' device near the centre of its range.

fnsert a funnel into the appropriate connector so that the fluid enters
t through the indicating tube.
$
Add fluid slowly until the zero mark on the graduatlon is reached,
tinp for the 1evel to settle before checking.

ff the instrument is accidentally overfilleO, tf,* fluid can be


"*cess
to its container by attaching two short pieces of flexible tubing to the
atd bLowlng the fluid out through the indicating tube.

r]E fluid in the manometers is toxic; do not swallow and avoid inhaLing
The fluid must NOT be contaminated with moisture.

gruld the need arj-se to top up the operating fluid reservoir tank, remove
connections as described in aJ and then folIow steps c) to fl tc
fluid to the conrect level.
Seetion 5.

Experiments using Addltionat Instrumentat ion .

1. Boller Test.
Ier Test

of test :To estimate the steam raising capacity of the boi ler when
ing at a gi.ven pressure, and to draw up an enargy balance for the boi I er

:
Cussons P7600 OiI fired boiler with
P76O2 Addltional boi.ler instrumentation
P7672 Separating and Throttllng Calorimeter
P567S 0rsat Apparatus

m
t, mass of feedwater per kg of fuel kg per kg

BI mass of dry flue gases per kg of fuel kg per kg


E

m
m
mass of moisture in flue gases per kg of fuel kg per kg

,f fuel flow rate kg per hr


h
5
steam enthalpy kJ per kg

hf* enthalpy of feedwater kJ per kg

Cg specific heat capacity of flue gases kJ per kg- oc


6

can speeific heat capacity of superheated steam kJ per kg- oc


oc
'fr
!
temperature of flue gases 1

oc
tat ambient temperature
nt* temperature and enthalpy of the water vappxr in the
flue gas at the partial pressure
\rn'.. {'{r
lC-
'A

rP&

h+r, tr,
rnry

<_- F.,.i
mj
. Set the boller to raise steam at the requi-red conditions and al 1ow
condltions to stabillse. Note the time and run the boiler on ]oad, taki.ng
of the quantities of fuel and feed water used durj.ng the test. The
s fractlon of the steam from the Boller should be measured uslng the
ting and Throttling Calorimeter ?7672 and the flue gas should be
uslng the Orsat Apparatus P5679, Take readlngs every 10 mlnutes of
quantitles llsted on the specimen results sheet and use average values
the ensuing calculatlons.

s and Calculations

tlata. oil suppliers published data the composi-tion of the fuel used
From
6tained and the calculation of the Calorific Value of the Fuel is performed
fttailed 1n Note 4

Gas Oata. From the results obtained from the Orsat apparatus and the
data, a calculation to give the lulean Specific Heat of the exhaust gases
1n accordance with the details given in Note 2.
ler Readin

Temp. of Temp. of
Fuel Reading Feed t^/ater Reading Feed Water Flue Gases

e of air for eombustion. Calculate theoretical and actual air


requirements - Note 3 and knowing fuel composition determine whether
air has been used for combustion, or insufficient air causing loss of
*re to formation of carbon monoxide. hlhat is the Carbon Value of the fuel

Efficienc . Note 4 details the calculation for boiler efficiency.


{

ration. Note 5 details the calculation for equivalent


t Balance for of fuel.

s*re\;d (fl o$ \\.t{..1)


Fcl/
trg

3y to cl- anXq- ,M^Lec Lo sLe.o".. f.ttg1 lost Eo Sr-r,crourviinqS onJ.


F*ST trnb,,.rnb $uc-l rL-L J

E^."X-, c.qrrir{ ow-1 Ly{lue5rs<S

5^."q; to Jt1 la.seg h"=, {o rn.j,,5tu.e- .S co^\q5\.q66


E** r**3

value of kJ/kg is the energy supplied by a kilogram of the fuel and.is obtained
the suppliers published data, or is obiained from the resuits of a ,Bomb,
er experiment (P6310 for liquid and solid hydrocarbons or p5615 goys
f-alorimeter set for a gas fuel), or may be calculated using the results of a
I analysis of the fuel together with published calorific value data for
I elements.
to change the feedwater into steam ls the enthalpy of the steam
less the enthalpy of the feed water.

(h -h^)
= mwstw 'kJ,/Kg

to the flue gases is obtained from the gas flow rate, the mean
g].ven
heat of the flue gases, the mean temperature of the ilue gases and the
a].r.

E mC (ttl - tutl kJ,rKg


dc EC
Ea Specific Heat ineludes water content.

lost is calculated from

E (E - + E__ + E.._) kJ,/kg


Gt, st og wg
fic Value of the Fuel

nalorific value of a solid or llquid fuel may be obtained approximately from


al analysis of a sample. The sample fuel analysis will give the p.u'. values
constituents 1n a dry sample. The constituents c-onsidered are usually
; hydrogen, sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen and residual ash. Of these elements
carbon, hydrogen and sulphur contribute significantly to the calorific

in a fuel is allowed to be completely burnt to form water, 143 l"ijlkgm


trlberated (this gives the Higher Lalorific Value for the fuel). If, however,
vapour initially formed is not allowed to condense, the heat liberated
crly be 120.5 llj,/Kgm [tnis gives the Lower Calorific Value for the fuelJ.
fic Value obtained from a'bomb' calcrri-meter experiment is the 'Higher'
this is the figure used for calculations of boiler performance and

the difference between the calorific values at constant volume is :

205.8H+23W kJ/kgm

ntere H is the percentage (by wt.) of hydrogen in the fue1.


ard W is the percentage [by wt.) of water in the fuel.
t

loring table lists the approximate calorifie values of various elements,


combined with the chemical analysis of the fuel used will enable an
of the fuel calorifie value to be rnade.

hrel element. Higher CV (l1j) | Lower CV

hrflt to carbon dloxiCe I :S.AZ


hlrnt to carbon mcnoxide I lA,tl

a cher:rical anaiysis inCice:es

0.80
rlcqEN nn4

0. Ll2
calculation of the CV r^iill be as follows :

the fuel contains oxygen 1t is assumed that this is already in combination


the hydrogen present and thus the 'free' hydrogen w111 amount to

(0.04 0.14, h= a.0225


s' free

ZHz * Bz = ZHrB

4+ 36 i.e. 1 + I =

assuming sufficient oxygen to'burn all the carbon to carbon dioxide :

calorific val.ue = (0.80 x 33.82) * (0,0225 x 143) (0.02 x 3.3)


Illj/kgm) = 3U.46
ation of llean Specific Heat of the flue I eavi n a boiler C

ll calculation requires

a) a fuel analysis
bl dry analysis of flue gases
G} estimate of water content in flue gas

le will best serve to iI]ustrate the ful] calculation.

al Analysis of fuel by weight"

Carbon 0.S730
$drogen 0. 0078
Ash A.O827
0ther constituents 0.0365

1 .0000

bl Analysis of dry flue gases by Orsat CvolumetricJ

Guton dioxide 0. 0sB8


Garbon monoxide 0. 0005
Oxfeen 0.0982
0.8025

1 .0008

necessary to convert the dry gas analysi.s by voLume into an analYsis

v pu llass
.l
vo1. analysis Analysis I

0.1450

0. 0005

ns82 0. 1 048
ot}z5 u. I t3 /

29.9736 i . ccO0
I kg of 'dry' f).ue gases there wj.l1 be a carbon content of (0.1450
" #)
- ooos
" fil = o. o3ee kg.
there are 0,8730 kg of carbon 1n 1 kg of fue}, and. the carbon content of
of dry flue gas is 0.0398 kg, then the total mass of dry gas produced per
of dry fuel ls 0.8730 = ?1.935 kg.
0. 03s8'

c) The (0.0078) kg of hydrogen in the 1 kg of fuel will however


produce steam.

?HZ *oz 2H20

4 +32 36

+
i.e. 36 x 0.0078 8.0702 gm
4

Thus true flue gas analysis

tlt. of element
pu Value Sp.Ht. jo-u1es
per kg of fuel per kg - 'K
21.SI35 x 0.1450 = 3.1807 a .1 445 830

21 . t1.35 x
0005 = 0. 01 1 0
0. 0.0005 1 050
21-S35x8.1048 = 2.2988 0.1045 910

21.S35 x A.7497 = 16.4445 o.7 473 1 040

21 .9350
content O.O7OZ ?o?a
22.4052 1 .0000

fic heat of flue gases


[0-1445x830)+t0.0005 x 1050J + (0.1045 x 910) + rc.7473 x 1040)
+ [0. C032 x 2AZA)
gSS.2 joules per kg - oK
UUIIIUU5 LJ.UI I UT A en caroon tuel L H

combustion equation is basically

CH
mn
+ air*C0, * HZO *Nz

perfect combustion the theoretical amount of alr requlred is defined as


quantlty which contains Just enough oxygen for complete oxidation of the
tltuents of the fuel. As air consists of approximately 77e" nitrogen and
oxygen by weight then the amount of air may be written as a to, . *zl. X
both sldes of a chemical equatlon must balance as regards molecular
s then:

CH
mn
a (0, .**r, mCO, +- n
2
Hra
77a *
232

hydrogen and carbon atoms must balance.

ical value of air for lete combustion.

CH + a(oZ +- 77
NZ) = mCO, +- n Hzo *, E *,
mn 23 ?

oxygen balance :

2a=2m +- n
2

n
A=m+ ;.t
.t l.'r. i

tical of air requi,red for eomplete combustion i.e. all


arnount
to be burnt to C0, and alL hydrogen to HrO, will not in practice ensure
oxiCation and hence it is necessary to supply excess air to achieve
It. The amount of excess air should be sufficient to just ensure no
tte exhaust flue. Too much air must be avoided as useful energy is
;!

heating the surplus air. With some excess air tire cornbustion equation

GHfl
lil
* a [ !, +3
tJ
*^,
I
mC3^
I
+-
n
2
u: 77 Nl
oxygen balance now becomes

2a zm.;+2b

[= a- (m " + ),
nolume equation 2 becomes

1 vo1(CH)
mn
a vols (alr)

m vols tco2 ) +- n
z
vols H^0
I
b vols (021 -# rNz)

1 00m
z coz
**z +b+E
. 77an

1 00m

**z* n
(a-m- n1
;)
+
+- 77a
23

1 00m
n 100
4
+
z{u
lf a reading of % co, ls taken and the mol.ecular composition of the fuel

1 00m
?BZ n 100
4 23u

12
aI-r LJ 1 00m n
-ct
fi.rel 100 "nCAZ 4
le- Assume the chemical composition of a fuel is a,nr. and the z"CO,

the flue gas when the fuel is burnt Is 122. Determine theoretical air./fuel
ly required to completel.y burn the fuel and the air,/fuel ratio actually
t.

Theoretical alr supply

alr
fuel
(m .|r +- 16
4
1?

Actual ai.r supply

air ?3 100m. n\ 23 '1oo x I 16


"
5=-=
fuel 100 \ zc02 . 4l 1oo i----t7-
--

4l
i=
14 "4

of heat due to formation of C0. When sufficient oxygen is present carbon


hrrn to form carbon dioxide releasing 33.820 I'lj/kg [14'540 BTU'/1b) of
energy. If, however, insufficient oxygen is prqsent the carbon will burn
oarton monoxide, only releasing 1A.17 mJ/kg {4370 BTU/Ib) of heat energy'
t
as an example, 30 kg of dry flue gas has 0.14 kg c0 containing 0.06 kg earbon,
tle total carbon content of 1.32 kg, then the loss/kg on only burning carbon
and not carbon dioxide amounts to :

[33. 82 - 1A.17) = 23.65 llj./Kg

in this case the loss would be [23.65 x 0. 061 1.419 l4j

Value of fuel This is defined as the ratio of the


. CV o.f the fuel
by the CV of carbon burnt to COr.

Carbon Value
CV of fuel kJ,/kg
33. 820
ler Efficienc

BolIer Efficiency energy galned by fluid


total energy lnput ' j l

energy lnput is given by flowrate x calorific value'of fuel.

gained by fluid

=H t (h-h^J=11.(h
stwts -c pr-I t^tw - 0l
-.,i

absolute pressure of steam

= gauge pressure + atmospheric pressure

rHx13,600x9.81
1.3342H bars

gauge pressure in bars

barometric pressure in nrn of mercury

Boiler Efflciency
I
I

= Ht [hs - hfw)
i
--1,r.jV^
tt
:

t
I
I

kg of steam produced per hr. kg,/hr


(i.e. kg of feedwater used per hrl
t

= calorific value of fuel KJ,ZKg

I symbols as previously defined.


I

i
i

I
I

valent evaporation.

boiler operatlng charaetertstics 1.e. evaporative rate steam pressure and


a

rature etc. can vary ln so many urays, a common basis for comparison has
agreed upon. This conrnon basis is the equlvalent evaporation from and at
C. Basically it is the evaporation which would be obtalned if the boller
water were supplied at 100oC and converted to steam at'100oC.

to generate t hg of steam it 1s only necessary to supply the specific


1py of evaporatlon and this is obtained from steam tables

h at loooC 2257 KJ/kg

energy to generate 1 kg of steam in any boiler is given uy(n. - hr*) kJ,/kg


hence with a mass flow of steam per unit of fuel used of m=, the equivalent
ation of the boiler is :

"'s (n
m ' s -h^)
"fw- kglfuel unit
2257

(fue1 unit kg or *3 o" litreJ


Appendix 1

Fuel Flow l'leterlng


llrL l,l---1. ,--at

D'sploy
(lni E.

\,s?I^y L^!cl^
(s[.."a. E\.."..+\

bistLy Cau.Lcc
I Res..E

F
tiorrr \fo.t\tdu.-.-r Cr rcuri

2- CirCuit ns'19s. Fuisss f rom the i:-ansijucer Serrsing e je:-.en'L ai-e I'Js-tr= -" -2C"
l.-e. the funciamental waveform is cleared of subsiduary peaks, and the resuliirrg
clean wavetrace is fed to a "divide by N" circuit. This gives one pulse out for
ry N pulses appeari.ng ai ihe inPut.

: N is set du:-ing manufacture of the eguipr,ent to give the correct display


the transducer used and cannot be adjusted-

fte cutput pul,ses counted bY the OisPIaY


frcn the "divlde by N" circuit are
ier and if the 'HoId' push button is :n the released conCition the outPut
rcm the Disp. 1a5r Ccunter 1s passed direc: to tirs DispIaY Unit- If' however' the
i.d' pushbut-.cn ls deoressed, the D-sp1ay Lai:n stores thq number of Pulses
;=C uD to t;at i:-ne and hence the Disllay'L:t:i will hold that reacing' '
' l
-.
: ','.: '

;,Ji-:: --l a j-ir:,;- -,. l l .. i


urtL - _

,'-1;, t-:lr-esrJ tiru 3i sp l ay lir,,


p1 us subsequent input), anc uit:

fhe'Reset' pushbuiton, when pressed, wilj :-esei the reacinE on the Disp1a5,
founter to zero.

h'ue : If the 'Hold' pushbutton is depressed prior to the'Reset' pushbui,ton,


the Display Unit will hold the fJ.{ure displayed when the 'Hold' pushbutLon was
pressed and will not return to zeiro when the 'Reset' is activated.

t
i
t

I
APPENDIX 2

Pressure ltlanomete:-
a;o
:'6
J-o
O;C e--;:
sl== !H:!: :rig
E{;E qi.;= a.i
q'-s's; ;';!
>o9:
::El
u
g.ea..au
-o-o9o
>Pi
o,-o-lc
-2
i::;
:;ai iEt:! ir?; gli!:E ,ig
E;38 ?:i:: :;=Ei :;rirE
.S o.!.S 3.9 c;
tC--o6C
d .3 c;
riOEL6.-
a9.o
9':aa;l esi
r;;
U S ogE :d3
;;EIE
s;i; E;Eag Egxs: g!rE{ ;i;
ad!9-a-
H:54
i:)-
.qrO<f
s3i
E.5 ;i;E;
!!!E si; s; Stie; Ei: Ef : Er,E
o
: EB- F.E.
E i:E g:E
S [:* ;i-6
iiiiis iiiiE illiiE Eii
L e.=
=s -
qoC':Lo<
.c -i
; Esp
9o.:
s Ss :Ei
t
q gP
EEi;
5;15 ;iE
; cqI E jF
r:85.E
-E
-* -
l, R 3.:
I *.;
'-C ;srE
I c
!o3
k'6to
j'tc
E b;
iti
13 sr[
!iiiiiilEEEiIiiiEiiiiiii
gsEE; *i;l: i:lsi ;il*r: Ei;
! lt:c
>C:o^-f
.-:,
,i5 S:8";.E
.esE
a;E;is ;;sEii EFa;; E:;e!s;;!i
e e Eb
\LL6-Oo

9 9E:';;B:: = =_-p
S EeEE 8;E
s'; E;a
sS >5;
:t5
s 5Es ;iIIEi IiEigi iEiEE I:IiEIII!I

-- q >.=
:.Y!i
y.:!n
p6'E
L^=x
-s O
!;o^ o6
';.:.o*
6

:; rP
o,*Er
c"--
.-6Y.
:.=:;
!.E >9
v_^L

-vgs .:: o o
-
o-Pc
J,i-=O
j E c->
-:6)
>!LO
o6-
:c-tr
u-I-
oIso
E=:;
:.:!!.;
=-9..
-= E( i
arq
t>--)
oJ:

,..'t=

1:-.=
ir-:
-> )
.::
-' - -
, t;:: jri
i= d =lg
*S;S=-l-96 ;si i:-: ;- ,EE
:i|z
,iii e;F:niai*;
Isiis:ti:; ZEi
Z_

E:: ,i;?i
S?a5:
;i:!
itrs
,= iFlliEai;: E5E ;*.E".
i:: Eiii:
:EEE

,2 it ;rii;E:; ::
;i q!+ilEl;; I;ii! Eiri
;r;eriiE;:
a? :E;:EgrE:i 3iE i;Ei: =i!:
lli;
I;: tEE:E ;egi
=:
ja
4a- ;5E:r=.pE+
'-;:*;5EgH;! tia i:E;+E ;q5B
EE= eE.eE;e i!Eg
2* EEs;e:#;:3E
iE niPaF;E jrs;{
EiE
:i
iieP:e
EEE:r ?' IEs!
EEe'IE
iZj$iii:E;:E:;
=o a.E=if;;;t:il E;
u,;;E i::iEI
=
S:=Ef fEiEi
?e=*c
,i ;Ei:iEiiiiE;
2t;i!;i;iEEI ?;;E
n qs=- FsE;;i zit:I
E;i:E! il;gE
i i;E!i*Iil'Ei fiEEHi =rsE;a;-re:E

.o 3 ,: -! .,Eq =*
90 n
o i:
!: :"
E ci:i
:B ;: ?- ;e
:e
c E=
EE;
;ES
-=s 'a."_
3:

i$d i
].= E;
;.95

EE =
i E
! 5E
sE
=

::
- Eg
EE
;seE E; :S: :s r ;;
EE Ei;: 88"., a=
'I.e Pb;3 E3
c; ri:
: ; lEr
!-* !q EE
;E Ess$ irE ;iE ;:E :E i: i i E= Ee i i ;i E;
; u?o.- eo
-=--ou
33 f :Er or.,ci a- t[.; :5,1 ZF t

;:iEiiicSrEiiigE,i:iE:i:Ei:i,:i
g; Ei;i ;*;r:: ;==ir:r.s r=*i g!!E?l
;+i: =i.=irEi Ei=i:;i:E' !;:= -r:s:!:
$E
;: J;sg
qiii ;Ii3..;!
I;Fi'J:; npEg:;;;E
gR15F-i:- ilsi
;;!i i:sElg
::J =sJ
:= 3::E
-^.)d^-

=!aI=:! al* o-E :io: :35'i


=*_==19:
s:;: I::,
i;!:;:
Z::=
i---^i
:-r;i
i: #;i[
iiife =i;;r:r
S:;: f:; e :-qE!-r?:::
l!o'5 1li 1=- ;i::
.5;
=i=1:1=
7^;=a=':z
=a
:.!
?: qr;=3 -rr=t I i=!
ai;:;!;i:111=
j:3--?-_-.:12--
?Fi:,=2 =:;; ==i;;=:j=21
i= ^:-::.-
2: ==i=i t=i3;:;=: =:$i=-,1
=:;.i==;;i:;i:=
*r
3:
J:::r
i
: l =.=;::
_,tti l! ;:
a-=i

r l: :"ii :il;,
3
i:=;
- ::?;
::'. :
Zl-.

l=i-: =aa
:!;\:::
:
.=. :,
:.= ;
::
==:-J'?:

.; =:ir=a:
ii;:=i'--
;:
':::=-,i.=:;:=r=::-r:;1.:-,a=
.:;:::i=a,-::::i::=;:-_.;.-.:7:
d
V
o T rjav. Iy aE Io
t<( {'q -t t-
]t.r4-l;J i 'ouo
9-uV
u{Y) J
J j rr,! i
tq
t 3-s'. vt
2

t Pti o t,
U
t_
ut
a t4;4e
b?
o o
/.
ca", .! ili
U
I
t_L

(1'4jj
tA f(.
6 vy a
q zfr tJ
o
Zzv i A
rtt
I u
I tt -t
I L

fi7 !
I
I
I
I Y
d
t,
9

l
i
I
u
! 7
7
o
r-l
ol I

FI z
9
t-
(-
r
!

z
t
tj
u

fl: u)
h
z

d
6'
)o it J
) 6
lL
Jtf, d
I
Ur
J
ti. 6.
t- 7.
t,
t, 9
o \.
t( p
A
E I

\ l+ (,
Lt

nl
A
jl
dl
9r o:i
;l AIr
6a:
!l ;

.I il dri
1l -l
!l ;l -l
:i BI ,, !t
;l o el
;l;t ;l ;) ,l;l tl.l
!l
ol
;l ,)rl
-t
;l;l;l;l: ;lil rlzl 1l
,l

il
!l il ,l;l il i ;l!l el c.l
.l
1l
I:l
I
;l 9
,i

_t ?
.l
I

':l
ilil ilil il;
it
ilil ?l iifl:rli
.J;
o

)t
;l rl
5l rl

I El
)l
-

ri

;t
:l
J(l

r----
T
l.:
1-F'

--{- It
tt
-t - )a
ti
tl
F

:-l ,
x
d
1t
l
el o
rl
Jl
F
ll
irffill 5l o

t--

I
L_
l
I
l
I

'l
f}) !l-lol1l
,r 'l'l
a1 t
?i il
'---O Ai :l -l
ji
:i;j il Il
ii ,l
:,: !
c) - ll.
r \L:t ,\-\ rr-:S\ CA-T-oi-f.
-

OPERATING TNSIRUCTIONS
No. ll0l COt INDTCATOR

I- D.trE i.L{ ..J *r pJurga, robe


t lt JF{t of r+t rm sf a tlr pb of
*. bt J *. h-A oJor ir rt i.dlf-
Lf hrSQ

2. ld..f rcr9Er9 rlb. ., rrAbf, tvbirg ou+


bly h rxtr pir b.tud doh qtrol caJ
fvrm- Plq 'EJ.r n}l qa,oor m {*
ialor plungv crJ dcpra lw 20 lclt. de-
r+rctq cl ,4. 5er6 ..J;t,
fvagoc ritA ,Io lsJL lsTI eFn*l Irca
t}r lor, Crelr.

fip iadietx rlowFT bo* ond upr ogoin r+


rol tiaa Do rct iavrt.

( frd prontoe. of CO2. Fs rubrqurrt PARTS LIST


ran, it h unnrwl/ to rqrt tho :rro s ir
*rp (l) oLovo. Simp!7 follow rho prxrdurr No. IIOI COz lndicotor
h d.F e) oed (J).
ll0l-4

lor grmtal Gvro<, tfio tadlotor $ould br st.6a iraprroturr, lf i h


old rodlagr wi[ br rlighr]y hig]t-
Slocld rlre plvrion froll br&ov -iutd trnl- mrl, orofully odd o fr
&!F J r.4r Er( h 5ria9 rtrr 'firL-rl up td thr proprr point.

IICHATO|XO
t- AJtf, 5fit |6n r H fF, r}. cbrc,tcf plstion thovtd br rrplocrd.
l. Ir<F 5.tl El.- cueblir, povr oul ttr old ptvtba ond den tlrr
arirr irrvm, rtE ouihty. lln oaly dqr volor.
!- lrifl -iti rrd obarb+nr rlurioa rc rhr ivid tcnt mrl-
a- Lrb.L.t -O- riag Hh rfhtfy vith rcrlino r lighr oil oad rpla
rl.< qraSlia fiagot tk1hl cal7.
I r0r.3

(1 101-r ) COz indicator


(1101-2) Scale
(110r-3) Scale knurled screw and washer
(110r-4) lnlet valve assembly
(110r-5) Vent valve assembly
(t I 01 -6) Sampling tube and holder
(1 r 0'| -7) Rubber tubing. 3/ 16 ' l.O . 9 ft.
(r l0l -8) Flue gas filter
(l 10 r-9) Aspirator bulb
( l 101.10) lnlet vaive connector
(1 r01-r 1) Beplacement red absorbenl solutrcn 3 charqes
(includes tilier wool and O" rings) nol shown
(Orlcr Cataloo No A- 140)