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# EEET2106/ EEET2339 Power System Analysis and Control

## Experiment on Zero Sequence Currents in Three Phase Transformers - windings in star,

delta combinations

## Names: Enkhtsetseg Munkchuluun Student No: 3554528

Shinekhuu Otgonbor Student No: 3554532

Part 1 : Measurement of the leakage reactance and resistance of one phase of the
transformer - Short circuit test.
Table 1 Measurement of the Part 1
Coil V A W Z=V/A R=W/I2 X
A1-A2 7.7 3.23 20 2.383 1.917 1.415
B1-B2 8.5 3.54 24 2.401 1.915 1.345
C1-C2 8.5 3.56 25 2.388 1.973 1.345
Impedance =2.391 Resistance = 1.935 Reactance = 1.404

## Part 2: Zero sequence current flows in a Star - Star Connected transformer

Grounded Star- grounded star
Set higher one of A1 , A2 or A3 at about the rated current.(100% FL)
Table 2 Measurement of the Part 1
Primary side phase current Secondary side phase current
V A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 V/A4
Io Io Io 3*Io Io Io Io 3*Io Zo/3
100%F
8.8 3.5 3.4 3.4 10.16 5.66 5.86 5.66 16.82 0.866
L
75%FL 6.8 2.52 2.58 2.52 7.59 4.19 4.12 4.15 12.45 0.896
50%FL 4.1 1.81 1.58 1.58 4.76 2.64 2.62 2.62 7.92 0.861
25%FL 2.5 0.99 0.98 0.98 2.96 1.65 1.61 1.62 4.89 0.845

(i) Calculate the single phase zero sequence equivalent impedance of the transformer and
compare it with the impedance derived from Part-1 calculations. If they are different,
explain why.
Table 3 The single phase zero sequence equivalent impedance
Primary side
V/A1 V/A2 V/A3 V/A4*3
Zo Zo Zo
100%FL 2.514 2.588 2.588 2.598
75%FL 2.698 2.636 2.698 2.688
50%FL 2.265 2.595 2.595 2.584
25%FL 2.525 2.551 2.551 2.534

## The impedance derived from Part-1 calculations

Impedance =2.391
It should be equal. But there is little different due to an accuracy of measurement.

1
(ii) Draw the single phase zero sequence equivalent circuit for this connection.

(iii) What are the measured ratios and the ratios derived from the name plate voltage and
current ratings?
(a) secondary phase current to primary phase current,
Measured ratio =1.664 Name plate ratio = 1.667

Table 4 The measuered ratio of the secondary phase current to primary phase current

## A5/A1 A6/A2 A7/A3

100%FL 1.62 1.72 1.66
75%FL 1.66 1.60 1.65
50%FL 1.46 1.66 1.66
25%FL 1.67 1.64 1.65

## Table 5 The ratios derived from the name plate

V I
Input: 415 V 3-4A
Output: 240V 5-8A
Is/Ip=5/3=1.67
Ratio Vs/Vp=240/415=0.578
Is/Ip=8/4=2.0

The measuered ratio of the secondary phase current to primary phase current is almost
same as the ratios derived from the name plate.

## (b) neutral current to phase current on primary side,

Measured ratio = Name plate ratio =
Table 6 The ratio of the neutral current and the phase current on primary side
A4/A1 A4/A2 A4/A3
100%FL 2.9 3.0 3.0
75%FL 3.0 2.9 3.0
50%FL 2.6 3.0 3.0
25%FL 3.0 3.0 3.0

According to the following equation, the ratio of the neutral current and the phase current
on primary side should be 3.
I=3*Io

2
(c) neutral current to phase current on secondary side,
Measured ratio = Name plate ratio =

Table 7 The ratio of the neutral current and the phase current on secondary side
A8/A5 A8/A6 A8/A7
100%FL 3.0 2.9 3.0
75%FL 3.0 3.0 3.0
50%FL 3.0 3.0 3.0
25%FL 3.0 3.0 3.0

According to the following equation, the ratio of the neutral current and the phase current
on primary side should be 3.
I=3*Io

(d) current on secondary side neutral to the current in the primary side neutral.
Measured ratio =
From name plate ratio =

Table 8 The ratio of the neutral current on secondary side and the neutral current in the
primary side
A8/A4
100%FL 1.66
75%FL 1.64
50%FL 1.66
25%FL 1.65

The ratio of the neutral current on secondary side and the neutral current in the primary
side presents transformer ratio of current and is same as the ratios derived from the name
plate.

## 3.1 Grounded Star-delta connection

Table 9 Measurement of the Part 3
Primary side phase current Secondary side phase current
V A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7
Io Io Io 3*Io I I I
V A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7
100%FL 8.7 3.52 3.5 3.51 10.67 5.91 0 0
75%FL 6.5 2.61 2.61 2.62 7.85 4.32 0 0
50%FL 4.1 1.65 1.65 1.67 5.01 2.75 0 0
25%FL 2.4 0.95 0.96 0.97 2.91 1.61 0 0

## (i) Calculate the equivalent impedance of the transformer and compare

it with the single phase reactance value obtained in Part-1.

3
Table 10 The calculation of the equivalent impedance of the transformer
Primary side
A1/V A1/V A1/V V/A4/3
Zo Zo Zo
100%F
2.472 2.486 2.479 2.446
L
75%FL 2.490 2.490 2.481 2.484
50%FL 2.485 2.485 2.455 2.455
25%FL 2.526 2.500 2.474 2.474

## The impedance derived from Part-1 calculations

Impedance =2.391
It should be equal. But there is little different due to an accuracy of measurement.

## (ii) Is there a circulating current in the delta connected windings?

Column A5 shows the circulating current in the delta connected
windings.

What are the measured and ratios from the name plate ratings of
(a) secondary phase current to primary phase current,
Measured ratio = From the ratings =

## Table 10 Measurement of the Part 3

A5/A1 A5/A2 A5/A3
100%FL 1.68 1.69 1.68
75%FL 1.66 1.66 1.65
50%FL 1.67 1.67 1.65
25%FL 1.69 1.68 1.66

## Table 11 The ratios derived from the name plate

V I
Input: 415 V 3-4A
Output: 240V 5-8A
Is/Ip=5/3=1.67
Ratio Vs/Vp=240/415=0.578
Is/Ip=8/4=2.0

The measuered ratio of the secondary phase current to primary phase current is almost
same as the ratios derived from the name plate.

4
(b) neutral current to phase current on primary side,
Measured ratio = From the ratings =

Table 12 The ratio of the neutral current and the phase current on primary side
A4/A1 A4/A2 A4/A3
100%FL 3.0 3.0 3.0
75%FL 3.0 3.0 3.0
50%FL 3.0 3.0 3.0
25%FL 3.1 3.0 3.0

According to the following equation, the ratio of the neutral current and the phase current
on primary side should be 3.
I=3*Io

(iii) Draw the single phase zero sequence equivalent circuit for this
connection.