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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY

GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
2

Education is an important factor of human development

and personal alleviation, it is necessary therefore that the

education acquired by every individual is qualified and

competent for him to be eligible and capable person as

well.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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The education being referred to comprise different

factors, these includes teachers, the school, the students

themselves and instructional facilities that are being

efficiently used to create an effective and teaching-

learning process. Nowadays, various aids to learning are


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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being utilized as long as it could promote better learning.

These consist of materials and facilities of different

kinds-visual aids, audio aids, books, tools and equipment,

machines and many others.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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These facilities and equipment that the school provides

reflect the level of cognition of the students that

determines the vastness of experience and the massive

knowledge that the students get. Ironically, the better the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
6

instructional facilities that the school has the better

learning it promotes and establishes to its students.

On the other hand, the growth and development of the

child is not only based on its school and community but also

affected by the curriculum and the quality of instruction


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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that the school offers. The adequacy of instructional

facilities has an adverse effect to the students learning

and performances because these facilities give advantages

and edge to the students to be working competitively,

thinking critically, and asking creatively. The standard for


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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quality instructional facilities is a factor that affects

better learning, school official must be conscious about the

status that the instructional facilities has.

These pursue the researcher to conduct a study

regarding the Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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in some areas of Science program of Julio Ledesma National

High School.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
10

Statement of the Problem

This study in the Level of Instructional Facilities in

Grade 9 Science Topics and Its Relation to Students

Academic Performance is to determine the level of adequacy

of instructional facilities in some areas of science topics


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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of Julio Ledesma National High School, school year 2015-

2016.

Specifically, this research aims to answer the

following questions.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
12

1. What is the Profile of the Grade 9 Students in terms

of:
a. Age
b. Sex
c. Parents Economic Status
d. Parents educational attainment
a. Father
b. Mother?
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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2. What is the Level Of Adequacy Of Instructional

Facilities of Grade 9 Science Topics as perceived by

the students in term of the topics to:


a. Living Things and Their Environment
b. Countless and Active Particles of Matter
c. Earth and Space
d. Force, Motion and Energy?
3. What is the Level of Students Academic Performance?
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
14

4. Is there a significant difference on respondents

academic performance when grouped according to their

profile?
5. Is there a significant difference on the Level of

Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of Grade 9 Science

when grouped according to Respondents Profile?


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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6. Is there a significant relationship that exists between

the Students Perceived Adequacy of Instructional

Facilities in Grade 9 Science Topics and their Academic

Performance?

Hypotheses
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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1. There is no significant difference on respondents

academic performance when grouped according to their

profile.
2. There is no significant difference on the Level of

Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of Grade 9 Science

when grouped according to Respondents Profile.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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3. There is no significant relationship that exists

between the students perceived Adequacy of

Instructional Facilities in Grade 9 Topics and their

Academic Performance.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
20

Independent Variable Dependent Variable


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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A. Socio-demographic
Profile of the
Respondents
a. Age
b. Sex
Level of Adequacy of
c. Parents
Economic Status Instructional Facilities
d. Parents of Grade 9 Science Topics
educational
attainment
a. Father
b. Mother
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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B. Science Program
a. Living Things
and Their
Environment
b. Countless and
Active
Particles of Academic Performance
Matter
c. Earth and Space
d. Force, Motion
and Energy
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Figure 1: Illustrates the relationship between the

Independent variable and Dependent Variable.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Theoretical Framework

School facilities, which consists of all types of

buildings that are used for academic and nonacademic

purposes, equipment, classroom facilities, furniture,

instructional materials, audiovisual aids, toilet, ICT,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
26

library and laboratory materials and others play a pivotal

role to smoothly run teaching and learning process. As

Buckley, Schneider and Shang (2004), school facilities

enable the teacher to accomplish his/her task as well and

help the learner to learn and achieve effectively.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
27

Additionally, they emphasized that the availability and

proper use of school facilities can affect the interest of

the teacher to teach effectively in turn that positively

affects students academic achievement. Therefore, the

school facilities in the school needs a proper attention as


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
28

they have a great value in the support of teachers and

students morale, motivation and plays a significant role to

improve the quality of education.

As Ethiopian Ministry of Education (2002)stated that to

ensure the quality of education, students should have


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
29

quality textbooks, instructional materials and other school

facilities in sufficient quantity and quality. Hedges and

Theoreson (2000) also argue that, the adequacies of school

facilities do not guarantee for students academic

performance but the proper utilization of the facilities has


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
30

a great value. As indicated above, to improve the quality of

education, the availability of school facilities and the

proper management of these resources should be given a great

attention.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
31

Improving the quality of education, therefore, has

become the burning issue of the time. Quality education

depends on a complex combination of factors that come

together at the school and classroom levels. The most


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
32

important of these factors is widely understood to be

quality of school resources.

Ethnographic and perception studies have also indicated

that inadequate school facilities have a negative impact on

teachers motivation that in turn negatively affects


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
33

students achievement(Earthman, 2002). In the same way

Lawrence (2003) emphasized that the unavailability of school

resources negatively affects staff and students motivation.

A good school environment and adequate school facility have

significant positive effect on teachers motivation and


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
34

students achievement. Additionally ONeill (2000) described

that school facility impacts on student achievement,

attendance and teacher retention. Reyonds, et al., (1996)

found that a negative impact on student achievement where

school facilities were employed.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Conceptual Framework

This study illustrates the schematic diagram which

consist two variables namely; Independent Variable and

Dependent Variable.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
36

The Independent Variable has two parts. First part is

the socio-demographic profile of the Grade 9 students when

grouped according to age, sex, parents economic status and

parents educational attainment. The second part is the

Science Topics which are perceived by the Grade 9 students


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
37

such as; Living Things and Their Environment, Countless and

Active Particles of Matter, Earth and Space and Force,

Motion and Energy.

The Dependent Variable is the level of adequacy of

instructional facilities perceived by the Grade 9 students


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
38

as; very adequate, adequate, slightly adequate, least

adequate and inadequate.

In students academic performance, the grade point

average (GPA) was used.

Significance of the Study


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
39

Administration this study will serve as basis to

respond the needs of students and teachers for the

improvement of instruction in Science Program


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
40

Teachers The results of this study will provide them

vital information on the status of the schools

instructional facilities especially on Science Program.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
41

Students The result of this study may serve as basis

to conclude initiatives and resourcefulness in providing

some of the facilities which are true necessary.

Definition of Terms
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Age - the length of time that a person has lived or a

thing has existed. Operationally, it refers to the age of

the respondents.

Gender - the state of being male or female (typically

used with reference to social and cultural differences


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
43

rather than biological ones).Operationally, it refers to the

gender of the respondents which are the Grade 9 students of

Julio Ledesma National High School.

Science - the intellectual and practical activity

encompassing the systematic study of the structure and


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
44

behavior of the physical and natural world through

observation and experiment. Operationally, it refers to the

subject where the researcher focuses her study.

Adequacy - Adequacy is the state of being sufficient

for the purpose concerned. The meaning doesn't suggest


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
45

abundance or excellence, or even more than what is

absolutely necessary. Adequacy is simply the state of

sufficiency. Operationally, it refers to how necessary to

use instructional facilities in Science Program.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Instructional Facilities - real property, an

improvement to real property, or a necessary fixture of an

improvement to real property that is used predominantly for

teaching the curriculum required under Section 28.002.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Operationally, it refers to the necessary facilities needed

for the effectiveness of instruction.

CHAPTER II
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
48

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

An effective school facility is responsive to the

changing programs of educational delivery, and at a minimum

should provide a physical environment that is comfortable,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
49

safe, secure, accessible, well illuminated, well ventilated,

and aesthetically pleasing. The school facility consists of

not only the physical structure and the variety of building

systems, such as mechanical, plumbing, electrical and power,

telecommunications, security, and fire suppression systems.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
50

The facility also includes furnishings, materials and

supplies, equipment and information technology, as well as

various aspects of the building grounds, namely, athletic

fields, playgrounds, areas for outdoor learning, and

vehicular access and parking.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
51

The school facility is much more than a passive

container of the educational process: it is, rather, an

integral component of the conditions of learning. The layout

and design of a facility contributes to the place experience

of students, educators, and community members. Depending on


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
52

the quality of its design and management, the facility can

contribute to a sense of ownership, safety and security,

personalization and control, privacy as well as sociality,

and spaciousness or crowdedness. When planning, designing,

or managing the school facility, these facets of place


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
53

experience should, when possible, be taken into

consideration.

Constructing New Facilities

During strategic long-range educational planning, unmet

facility space needs often emerge. The goal of educational


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
54

planning is to develop, clarify, or review the educational

mission, vision, philosophy, curriculum, and instructional

delivery. Educational planning may involve a variety of

school and community workshops and surveys to identify and

clarify needs and sharpen the vision of the district. Long-


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
55

range planning activities, such as demographic studies,

financing options, site acquisitions, and community

partnering opportunities are often initiated by the district

administration as a response to the results of educational

planning. An outcome of long-range planning is the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
56

development of a comprehensive capital improvement program

to address unmet facility needs.

The district superintendent appoints a steering

committee to oversee the details of the capital improvement

program. The responsibility of the steering committee


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
57

includes the selection of various consultants, the review of

planning and design options, and the reporting of

recommendations to the school board for a final decision.

Depending on the needs of the district, one of the first

tasks of the steering committee is to retain a variety of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
58

consultants. Educational and design consultants, financial

consultants, bond counsels, investment bankers, and public

relations consultants are retained to perform pre-referendum

planning activities during which project scope, budget,

financing, legal issues, and schedule are defined. Once


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
59

project feasibility is established, a public referendum

package is developed and presented to the taxpaying public

through public hearings.

Upon passage of the public referendum, more detailed

facility planning of the school can begin. An architect is


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
60

often selected to assist in facility planning in cooperation

with the educational planning consultant and in-house

facility staff. The school board, as the owner, enters into

a contract for services with the chosen architect. The

architect, in turn, negotiates contracts with a variety of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
61

consultants, including interior designers, landscape

architects, mechanical, electrical, and civil engineers, and

land surveyors.

The facility planning process at its best involves an

assessment of functional needs in light of the educational


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
62

program developed during educational planning. There are

several names for this process: Educators refer to the

development of educational specifications, while architects

refer to it as facility programming. Facility planning

includes any or all of the following activities: feasibility


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
63

studies, district master planning, site selection, needs

assessment, and project cost analysis. Spatial requirements

and relationships between various program elements are

established. The outcome of the facility planning process is

a public facility program, or educational specifications


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
64

document, that outlines physical space requirements and

adjacencies and special design criteria the school facility

must meet.

The design phase of the process, which includes

schematic design, design development, and construction


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
65

documents and specifications, can last from six months to

one year. Each step in the design process involves more

detailed and specific information about the technical

aspects of the building systems, components, and assemblies.

The design process requires school board decisions and


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
66

approval, with each phase offering more detailed

descriptions of the scope, budget, and schedule. The

products of this phase include sketches, drawings, models,

and technical reports, which are shared with the school and

community through public hearings, workshops, and other


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
67

forms of public relations and community involvement.

Community participation during the earliest stages of the

design phase can be as critical for stakeholder support as

it was in the educational planning process.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
68

There are several construction delivery methods

available to the school district: competitive bidding,

design/build, and construction management. Each state has

evolved its own laws regulating the acceptable forms of

construction project delivery. Competitive bidding is still


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
69

the most common form of construction delivery. It allows

contractors in each trade, such as general, mechanical,

electrical, and plumbing, to compete for individual prime

contracts and form separate contracts with the school

district. In principle, it provides the most open and fair


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
70

competition appropriate for a public sector project;

however, project communication and coordination may

ultimately affect schedule and budget. Design/build is most

popular with private sector owners but is occasionally used

in the public sector. Under a design/build contract, the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
71

owner contracts with one firm that completes both design and

construction of the project less than one contract. Cost and

time savings are possible but often with a loss in quality

of the product. Construction management is a service that

often is established simultaneously with the hiring of the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
72

architect. A construction manager's responsibility is to act

as project manager throughout the design and construction

process, coordinating the project budget and schedule along

the way. A fourth form of construction delivery is actually

a comprehensive project management delivery service, which


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
73

includes construction management but also extends from pre-

referendum through occupancy and even facility management,

offering one-stop shopping for facility development. Large

school districts that have multiple projects often contract

with project management services. Project management firms


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
74

offer a wide array of financial, legal, and construction

services promising economies of scale.

Following the competitive bidding process, the next

phase of the school building process is that of bidding and

negotiation. An Invitation for Bids is publicized to obtain


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
75

bids from prime construction contractors. Most states

require the school district to accept the lowest responsible

and responsive bidder. However, the school district reserves

the right to reject all bids. Once low bids are accepted,

the school district, as owner, negotiates a contract with


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
76

each prime contractor. The architect represents the owner in

the construction phase, but the contract and legal

relationship is between the school district, as owner, and

each prime contractor. The construction of the school can

last from twelve to eighteen months, depending on the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
77

project scope, material selections, and lead times for

shipment to the site, weather, unforeseen subsurface site

conditions, and a variety of other factors. With the use of

school buildings being tied to the school year schedule,

project phasing is always an issue that needs to be


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
78

addressed. Other factors that can escalate cost and slow the

project are change orders to rectify unforeseen conditions

or errors and omissions in the original construction

documents. Once the architect is satisfied that the project


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
79

is complete, a Certificate of Substantial Completion is

issued and the owner can legally occupy the facility.

Facility Management

While the planning, design, and construction of the

school facility may take two to three years, the management


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
80

of it will last the entire life cycle of the facility. At

the beginning of the twenty-first century, the mean age of a

school building in the United States as forty-two years,

with 28 percent of school buildings built before 1950. Many

of the building materials, furnishings, and equipment will


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
81

not last half that long and will require constant upkeep,

maintenance, and inevitable replacement to defer building

obsolescence.

The costs of managing school facilities have

historically received much less attention than facility


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
82

planning. The percentage of the operating budget for the

maintenance and management of school facilities has steadily

decreased, creating a capital renewal crisis as a result of

years of deferred maintenance at all levels of education.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
83

Best practice requires that a comprehensive facility

maintenance program be established and monitored by the

school district. The maintenance program often includes

several distinct programs, including deferred, preventive,

repair/upkeep, and emergency maintenance. Responsibility for


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
84

facility management is divided between the district office

and the school site, with the principal being the primary

administrator responsible for the day-to-day operation of

the school, including custodial, food, and transportation

services. Custodians are typically hired by the school


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
85

district but managed by the principal. Custodial staff is

generally responsible for cleaning the building; monitoring

the mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems; and

providing general maintenance of both building and grounds.

District staff is responsible for long-term maintenance


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
86

programs and the procurement of outsourced services for

specialized maintenance projects.

Several environmental quality issues have emerged over

the past few decades, such as classroom acoustics, indoor

air quality, water quality, energy conservation, and


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
87

abatement of asbestos, radon, and other hazardous materials.

Many of these issues require the services of facility

consultants hired through the district. Other issues for the

building-level administrator include safety and security,

vandalism and threats, and acts of violence and terrorism.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
88

All of these functions must be conducted within a constantly

changing set of government mandates, such as energy

deregulation, accessibility guidelines, codes, and other

regulations and guidelines at the state and federal levels.

Trends and Issues


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
89

Many communities recognize that in addition to school

facilities being cost effective, they should be more

learner-centered, developmentally and age appropriate, safe,

comfortable, accessible, flexible, diverse, and equitable.

By location of new facilities in residential neighborhoods


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
90

and partnering with other community-based organizations,

schools are becoming true community centers. In addition,

schools are taking advantage of educational resources in the

community, as well as partnering with museums, zoos,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
91

libraries, and other public institutions and local

businesses.

Based on mounting evidence that smaller schools lead to

improved social climate as well as better achievement,


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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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school leaders have begun to create smaller schools or have

created schools within schools.

The design of safe schools increasingly recognizes the

desirability of providing natural, unobtrusive surveillance

mechanisms, rather than installing checkpoints and security


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
93

guards. Smaller scaled school buildings allow for both

natural surveillance and territorial ownership, where

students and teachers are on familiar terms, thereby

decreasing the possibility that any one student is

overlooked. The self-contained classroom can no longer


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
94

provide the variety of learning settings necessary to

successfully support project-based, real-world authentic

learning. Research indicates that smaller class size is a

factor contributing to improved achievement. Learning

settings are being designed to support individualized, self-


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
95

directed learning and small informal group learning, in

addition to traditional large-group instruction. Rather than

lining up classrooms along a long corridor, instructional

areas are being organized around central cores of shared

instructional support.
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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
96

A trend in the provision of professional space for

teachers has emerged as well. Teacher office space,

including desk and storage, phone/fax, and information

technologies, is seen as essential to the development of

teachers as professionals. Information technology is


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
97

precipitating a variety of changes in the organizational and

physical form of schools. With respect to instructional

processes, technology is facilitating the movement toward

project-based, self-directed learning and individualized

instruction. As learning becomes increasingly virtual, web-


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
98

based, and wireless, it still must physically take place

somewhere. As information technology is becoming ubiquitous,

more schools are decentralizing technology throughout the

school building and across the community. The trend toward

smart buildings, or buildings that are designed and


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
99

constructed to integrate the technologies of instruction,

telecommunications, and building systems, will have

increased responsiveness to occupant needs as well as the

educational process.
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
100

Finally, because of the recognition that spending too

much time in buildings can be detrimental not only to health

but also to learning, school buildings will begin to connect

more to the natural environment visually, aurally, and


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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kinesthetically by including transitional indoor and outdoor

learning spaces.

Cost Considerations

Estimates of cost to repair and modernize school

facilities nationwide continue to grow from the $112 billion


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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estimated by the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) in

their landmark 1995 report, to the National Center for

Educational Statistics (NCES) estimate of $127 billion in

1999, to $268.2 billion estimated by the National Education

Association in 2000.
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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The construction and operation of a school building

involves a substantial expenditure of public funds. The

investment for construction, however, represents only a

fraction of the cost of operating a school over the life of

the building. When life-cycle costs of operating a school


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
104

are considered (including staff salaries and overhead costs,

in addition to maintenance and operation of the facility),

the initial cost of the school facility may be less than 10

to 15 percent of the life-cycle costs over a thirty-year

period. Properly designing and constructing school buildings


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
105

for the realities of management can often provide cost

savings over time that could in turn provide additional

funds for education. Operational costs for power and fuel,

water and sewer, garbage disposal, leases and insurance,

building maintenance, and custodial staff are important


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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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items in the annual budget, competing yearly for funds

identified for educational delivery. Building life-cycle

cost analysis is admittedly difficult for taxpayers and

school boards to comprehend when available building funds


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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are tight, but the rewards in effective facility management

are potentially great.

Material resources include textbooks, charts, maps,

audiovisual and electronic instructional materials such as

radio, tape recorder, television and video tape recorder.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Other category of material resources consist of paper

supplies and writing materials such as pens, eraser,

exercise books, crayon, chalk, drawing books, notebooks,

pencil, ruler, slate, workbooks and so on (Atkinson 2000).

Newton (1997) professed that the magnitude of instruction


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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are more scientific base; make instruction more powerful;

make learning more immediate and finally make access to

education more equal. Adeogun (2001) discovered a very

strong positive significant relationship between

instructional resources and academic performance. According


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
110

to Adeogun, schools endowed with more resources performed

better than schools that are less endowed. This corroborated

the study by Babayomi (1999) that private schools performed

better than public schools because of the availability and

adequacy of teaching and learning resources. Adeogun (2001)


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
111

discovered a low level of instructional resources available

in public schools and stated that our public schools are

starved of both teaching and learning resources. He

expresses that effective teaching cannot take place within


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
112

the classroom if basic instructional resources are not

present.

Fuller (1986) suggested that the quality of

instructional processes experienced by a learner determines

quality of education. Mwiria (1985) also supports that


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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students performance is affected by the quality and quantity

of teaching and learning resources. The author noted that

institutions with adequate facilities such as textbooks

stand a better chance of performing well in examination than

poorly equipped ones. A study conducted by Gogo (2002) on


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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the input of cost sharing on access, equity and quality of

secondary education in Rachuonyo district found that the

quality of education had remained average for the entire

period 1996 to 1999.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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The author concluded that performance could be

attributed to inadequate teaching and learning materials and

equipment. In addition, Gogo recommended that in order to

provide quality education the availability of relevant

teaching /learning materials and facilities is crucial. Ayot


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
116

(1984) suggested that all that heard and seen, only about 10

percent through the sense of hearing is retained and 80

percent or more through seeing. In this consideration, it

would appear likely that the inadequacy of learning


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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facilities affects the quality of education and subsequently

learners performance (Ayot and Olembo, 1984).

Maundu (1987) concurs with the above findings that,

good performance demanded that every learning institution be

equipped with relevant and adequate text books. Mbiti (1974)


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
118

strongly feels that when equipment and supplies are delayed,

the policy implementers cannot work properly.

According to Muthamia (2009), teachers can only be

effective and productive in their work if they have adequate

and relevant facilities. In addition, Makau (1986) stated


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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that instructional materials such as textbook and science

equipment for both teachers and students are key variable in

students learning and performance at all school levels.

Furthermore, Maundu (1987) states that instructional


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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resources play an important role in explaining the wide

variation in academic performance among the students.

For effective teaching and learning, textbook and

resource materials are basic tools, in absence or inadequacy

make teachers handle subjects in an abstract manner,


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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portraying it a dry and non-exciting (Eshiwani 1984). In

addition, Ayot and Briggs (1992) point out that poor results

in education relates to the amount of resources and

instructional materials allocated to it. This study dwelt


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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more on textbooks and integration of ICT in education as

they are critical instructional materials.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Physical Facilities

The development and maintenance of physical facilities

in educational institutions by communities, parents, and

sponsors should continue to be encouraged. This is because

lack of such facilities interferes with learning process


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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(Republic of Kenya, 1988a). The evidence from research in

other parts of the world points to the great importance of

school facilities in relation to quality education.

Difference in school facilities would be seen to account for

difference in achievement. Physical resources include


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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classrooms, lecture theatres, auditoriums, administrative

block, libraries, laboratories, workshops, play grounds,

assembly halls, and special rooms like clinics, staff

quarters, students hostels, kitchen, cafeteria, and toilet.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Lorton and Walley (1979) and Hallack (1990) discovered

that learning experiences are fruitful when there are

adequate quantity and quality of physical resources; and

that unattractive school buildings, crowded classrooms, non-

availability of playing ground and surroundings that have no


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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aesthetic beauty can contribute to poor academic

performance. To emphasize further the issue of physical

facilities, Cameron (1970) underscores the importance of

developing adequate and appropriate physical facilities for

quality education to be realized.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Mbiti (1974) concurs with Cameroons views on the

relationship between physical facilities and effective

implementation of policy guidelines. In addition, Sallis

(2002) and Harris (1980) also indicated that an educational

programme cannot be effectively implemented using only


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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policy guidelines even if the teachers are trained and

committed without adequate and appropriate physical

facilities such as classrooms, toilets and playgrounds.

MOEST (2005) explains the importance of ensuring that

there are adequate and appropriate facilities for teaching


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
130

learning so that educational programmes could be implemented

effectively.

According to FAWE (2001) schools that lack adequate

classrooms for instance, hold their lessons outside or under

trees. During bad weather such lessons are postponed or are


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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never held altogether. This interferes with syllabus

coverage and students from such schools do not perform well

in examination. Republic of Kenya (1988a) identified that

Kenyas schools are characterized by variety in the size and

quality of buildings. Some schools share classrooms and


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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science laboratories, which are too small for current

classes of forty and above students. On the other hand new

schools have teaching rooms which are too small because they

were not built to specifications. Moreover, most school

buildings and other facilities are poorly maintained. Such


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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facilities hamper the teaching and learning process and

eventually affect students performance in examination. Olel

(2000) looked at optimal utilization of educational

resources in schools in Kisumu district. The study revealed

that only a few schools in the district had above five


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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laboratory rooms (19.35%). Since no school can provide

adequate teaching services without the use of laboratories,

she concluded that lack of laboratory facilities was a major

contribution to poor performance of some schools in KCSE,

because candidates could not answer questions in practical


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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science subjects. The generalization of an education

innovation is accompanied by the need for new resources

which should be available for a sufficiently long time in

order that the innovation becomes part of the daily life of

educational establishment.
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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Malpica and Rassekh (1983) reported that sufficient

coherence should be made between the supply and distribution

of resources, buildings and equipment. Their findings

revealed that lack of rooms, equipment, financial and

material resources, delay in procurement and late delivery


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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may act as a hindrance to innovation and subsequent

performance. Musau (2004) found out that lack of library

facilities was one of the most serious problems standing in

the way of achieving high education standards in learning

institutions whereas Ayoo (2002) carried out a study on the


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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effects of school physical facilities on academic

performance and established that availability of facilities

had a direct link with the performance of learners in

examination.
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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
139

Raju (1973) in education in Kenya observed that

schools were poorly equipped in the rural areas. There was

lack of suitable teaching aids and poor teaching facilities

and this negatively relates to performance. Sifuna (1986)

also dwelt on this aspect and found a positive correlation


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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between school facilities and performance of learners. In a

study problems of implementing Education Reforms in

Nigeria, Tawari (1987) noted that the new educational

system stipulated various activities, materials and

requirements that would be provided at all levels of the


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
141

system in order to meet the objectives of the new programme.

The nature of the new curriculum pre supposed that

infrastructure, laboratories, workshops, classrooms,

equipment, physical facilities and teaching aid would be

provided to implement the scheme successfully and this


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
142

success is determined by student performance in examination

at the end of his designed course.

A study carried out in Kisumu municipality by Ouma

(1987) found that schools that were doing well in national

examinations had adequate learning facilities. Heron (1979)


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
143

in his studies in Kenya found out that a teacher who has to

work with fifty learners under a shelter with almost no

equipment would find it impossible to implement the kind of

activities she or he has been taught during his/her

training.
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
144

Kassam (1978) and Leslie (1992) reported that

insufficient learning facilities discourage learners.

According to a Presidential Working Party on Education and

Manpower Training for the Next Decade and beyond (Kamunge

report, 1988), school learning resources should be planned


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
145

for properly and utilized in an effective manner to bring

about efficient provision of quality and relevant education.

Mworia (1993) found out that some schools lacked enough

classrooms, desks and chairs leading to overcrowding such

conditions frustrated students during learning.


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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CHAPTER III
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter discusses the research design, respondents

of the study, sampling procedure, data gathering

instruments, validity and reliability of the instruments,

data gathering procedure and the data analyses.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Research Design

The nature of this study employed the use of

descriptive research design utilizing a self-made survey

questionnaire to obtain the information concerning the level


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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of adequacy of instructional facilities of Science topics of

Julio Ledesma National High School.

Locale of the Study

This study was conducted at Julio Ledesma National High

School, San Carlos City.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Respondents of the Study

The respondents of the study were the one hundred (100)

students of Grade 9 of Julio Ledesma National High who were

officially enrolled in the year 2015-2016.

Data Gathering Instrument


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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In gathering the data, the researchers used a self-made

survey questionnaire to conduct the study. The questionnaire

was based on the Curriculum and Instruction: The Teaching

Science Module 6.4. The questionnaire was checked by the

adviser, critic, and jurors.


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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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The questionnaire comprised the questions regarding the

socio-demographic profile which includes the variables of

age, gender, parents economic status, parent educational

attainment and the Science Topics which comprise the

variables of : Living Things and Their Environment,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Countless and Active Particles of Matter, Earth and Space

and Force, Motion and Energy.

Each item had five alternatives for the respondents to

choose from as to how they perceive each specific item of

instructional facilities of every area. The answer in each


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
156

item of the questionnaire was scored by the used of five-

point scale. Each scale weighted as follows:

Description Numerical Value

VA Very Adequate 5
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
157

A Adequate 4

SA Slightly Adequate 3

LA Least Adequate 2

IA Inadequate 1
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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
158

Validity and Reliability of the Data Gathering Instrument

To establish the validity and reliability of

instruments, the researchers presented a self-made survey

questionnaire to a jury composed of evaluators who were

knowledgeable in research instruction validation based on


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
159

Good and Scates validity test. The three (3) evaluators

evaluated the content, rated the corresponding items and

give comments and recommendations for the improvement of the

instrument.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
160

In testing the reliability of the instruments, the

researcher utilized the Cronbachs Alpha Reliability test.

Data Gathering Procedure

In the initial draft of the instrument the researchers

presented a self-made survey questionnaire for the appraisal


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
161

of the evaluators after the validity and reliability of

instrument was established, the conduct of the study was

started. The researchers sent an approval letter to the

principal of Julio Ledesma National High School to allow


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
162

them to conduct a study regarding the Level of Adequacy of

Instructional Facilities in some areas of Science Program.

Once the letter was approved, the researcher started

the conduct of the study. During the conduct of the study,

the researcher presented the said letter to the advisers of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
163

the said respondents. The researcher had an orientation

regarding the questionnaire in the conduct of study for the

respondents to understand and know how to answer the

questionnaire and to ensure that all questions were


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
164

answered. Then, survey was done personally by the

researchers to secure the truthfulness of the study.

Data Analysis

Data gathered from the responses in the items of the

questionnaire were tallied and subjected to statistical


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
165

analysis and interpretation in accordance with the statement

of the problem and hypotheses.

For Statement Problem No. 1 to determine the socio-

demographic profile of the respondents when grouped

according to age, gender, parents economic status and


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
166

parents educational attainment, the Frequency and

Percentage Distribution were used.

For Statement Problem No. 2 - to determine the level of

adequacy of instructional facilities of Grade 9 Science

Program perceived as by the students in terms of Living


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
167

Things and Their Environment, Countless and Active Particles

of Matter, Earth and Space and Force, Motion and Energy,

Mean was used.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
168

For Statement Problem No. 3 to determine the level of

students academic performance, GPA (Grade Point Average)

was used.

For Statement Problem No. 4 to determine the significant

difference on respondents academic performance when grouped


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
169

according to their profile, ANOVA (Analysis of Variance and

t-test were used.

For Statement Problem No. 5 to determine the significant

difference on the level of adequacy of instructional

facilities of the Grade 9 Science when grouped according to


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
170

respondents profile, ANOVA (Analysis of Variance and t-test

were used.

For Statement Problem No. 6 to determine the significant

relationship that exists between the students perceived


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
171

adequacy of instructional facilities in grade 9 topics and

their academic performance, Pearsons Correlation was used.


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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CHAPTER IV

PRESENTATION, ANALYSES AND INTERPRETATION OF THE DATA


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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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This chapter presents the analyses and interpretation

of data gathered to answer problem under study.

Statement Problem No. 1 to determine the socio-demographic

profile respondents in terms of age, sex, parents economic


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
176

status, parents educational attainment, Frequency and

Percentage Distribution were used.

Table 1.a
Frequency and Percentage Distribution
of the Respondents Profile in terms of Age and Sex
(n = 100)
PROFILE FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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AGE (in years)


14-15 90 90.0
16-17 9 9.0
18-above 1 1.0
SEX
Male 34 34.0
Female 66 66.0
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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Age

In age, the highest frequency was ages 14-15 years old

with the frequency of 90 and a percentage of 90.0. It

immediately followed by ages 16-17 with the frequency of 9.0


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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and the last was ages 18 and above with the frequency of 1

and a percentage of 1.0.

This implied that most of the Grade 9 students aged 14-

15 years old, anchored with Laguardia (2015) Grade nine is

the ninth post-kindergarten year of school education in some


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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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school systems. Students are usually 1415 years old. In the

United States, it is often called freshman year. In

Australia, it is the third year of secondary school (high

school) for students, though because Australian schools

commence school after kindergarten with a "preparatory year"


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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and then start grade one the following year, "ninth grade"

is actually the students' tenth year at school.

Sex
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
182

In sex, female has the highest frequency than male of

66 and a percentage of 66.0 and the male have the frequency

of 34 and a percentage of 34.0. This implied that most of

the Grade 9 students were females. Research found out that

Gender Parity Index (GPI) which is used to assess


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
183

differences between girls and boys enrollment is computed at

1.03 (103 girls in every 100 boys) which means that more

girls had enrolled in elementary education than boys during

that period.

Table 1.b
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
184

Frequency and Percentage Distribution


of the Respondents Profile in terms of Parents Economic Status
and Parents Educational Attainment
(n = 100)
PROFILE FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

PARENTS ECONOMIC STATUS


2000-below 17 17.0
3000-5000 22 22.0
6000-11000 14 14.0
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
185

12000-17000 17 17.0
18000-26000 18 18.0
27000-36000 5 5.0
37000-above 7 7.0
FATHERS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
Elementary level 15 15.0
Elementary graduate 7 7.0
High School level 13 13.0
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
186

High School graduate 11 11.0


College level 15 15.0
College graduate 28 28.0
With Masteral units 1 1.0
Masteral graduate 2 2.0
MOTHERS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Elementary level 12 12.0


Elementary graduate 4 4.0
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
187

High school level 12 12.0


High school graduate 12 12.0
College level 14 14.0
College graduate 38 38.0
With Masteral units 1 1.0
Masteral graduate 4 4.0
Total 100 100.0
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
188

Parents Economic Status

In Parents Economic Status, 3,000-5,000 has the highest

frequency of 22 and a percentage of 22.0. It is immediately

followed by 18,000-26,000 with the frequency of 18 and a

percentage of 18.0. It is followed by 2,000 and below and 12,000-


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
189

17,000 with the same frequency of 17 and a percentage of 17.0. It

is followed by 6,000-11,000 with the frequency of 14 and a

percentage of 14.0. The next was 37,000 and above with the

frequency of 7 and a percentage of 7.0 and the last is 27,000-

36,000 with the frequency of 5 and a percentage of 5.0. It

revealed that most of the students parents earning 3,000-5,000 a


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
190

month. This implied that most students belong below the average

families, and barely meet their basis needs.

According to the statistics a family need an average of P5,

513 per month in order to meet their basic food needs, and a

further P2, 377 in order to meet the nonfood needs. This


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
191

represents an average inflation of 4.1% per year from 2009 to

2012. Statistically, the percentage of Filipinos that couldnt

meet the basic food needs stood at 7.5%. Furthermore, the number

of poor families remained steady at 1.61 Million. One in five

families is estimated to be poor in 2012 at 4.2 Million. In

2012, Filipino families had an annual income of 235 thousand


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
192

pesos, on average. In comparison, their expenditure for the

same year was 193 thousand pesos, on average. These figures

translate to an average annual savings of 42 thousand pesos

per family (Table 1). These estimates are based on the

results of the 2012 Family Income and Expenditure Survey


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
193

(FIES), and were computed at prices in year 2012.

Considering the inflation in the period 2009-2012, the

average annual family income in 2012 would be valued at 180

thousand pesos at 2006 prices, while the average annual

family expenditure would be valued at 148 thousand pesos


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
194

Parents Educational Attainment

In parents educational attainment it was divided into

two: the father educational attainment and the mother

educational attainment. In the fathers educational

attainment, college graduate has the highest frequency of 28


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
195

and a percentage of 28.0. It is followed by the Elementary

level and College level with the same frequency of 15 and a

percentage of 15.0. It is followed by the High School Level

with the frequency of 13 and a percentage of 13.0. It is

followed by the High School Graduate with the frequency of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
196

11 and a percentage of 11.0. It is followed by the

Elementary graduate with the frequency of 7 and a percentage

of 7.0. The second to the last was the Masters graduate with

the frequency of 2 and a percentage of 2.0 and the last are


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
197

with Masters Units with the frequency of 1 and a percentage

of 1.0.

In terms of mothers educational attainment, College

Graduate has the highest frequency of 38 and a percentage of

38.0. It immediately followed by College Level with the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
198

frequency of 14 and a percentage of 14.0. The next is the

Elementary Level, High School Level and High School Graduate

with the same frequency of 12 and a percentage of 12.0. It

followed by the Elementary Graduate and Masters Graduate

which have the same frequency of 4 and a percentage of 4.0


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
199

and the last were with Masters Unit with the frequency of 1

and a percentage of 1.0.

It revealed that fathers and mothers educational

attainment were college graduate. This implied that despite

of the educational attainment attained by parents they


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
200

unable to had a stable job to support the needs of their

family, especially in the San Carlos City because the main

source of living there is farming and agriculture.

Statement Problem Number 2 - to determine the level of

adequacy of instructional facilities of Grade 9 Science


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
201

Topics as perceived by the students in terms of Living

Things and Their Environment, Countless and Active Particles

of Matter, Earth and Space and Force, Motion and Energy,

Mean was used.

Table 2.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
202

Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the Science


Topics
MEAN STANDARD INTERPRETATIO
FACTORS DEVIATION N
Living Things and their
Environment
Average
Statement/Issues 3.24 0.53
Countless and Active
Particles of Matter 3.04 0.62 Average
Statement/Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
203

Earth and Space


Statement/Issues 3.27 0.58 Average
Force, Motion and
Energy Statement/Issues 3.19 0.56 Average

Scaling:
4.21 5.00: VH Very High
3.41 - 4.20: H High
2.61 3.40: A Average
1.81 2.60: L Low
1.00 1.80: VL Very Low
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
204

Table 2 showed the Level of Adequacy of Instructional

Facilities of Science Topics which categorized as Living

Things and Their Environment Statement/Issues, Countless and

Active Particles of Matter statement/Issues, Earth and

Space Statement/Issues, and Force, Motion and Energy


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
205

Statement/Issues. The Living Things and Their Environment

statement/ issues had a 3.24 mean and 0.53 standard

deviation interpreted as average; the Countless and Active

Particles of Matter statement/issues had a 3.04 mean and

0.62 standard deviation interpreted average. For the Earth


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
206

and Space statement/issues had a mean of 3.27 mean and 0.58

standard deviation, interpreted as average and the Force,

Motion and Energy statement/ issues had a mean of 3.19, a

standard deviation of 0.56 and interpreted as average also.

Table 2.a
Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
207

Science Topics in terms of Countless and Active Particles of


Matter Statement/Issues
MEAN STANDARD INTERPRE-
FACTORS
DEVIATION TATION
Countless and Active
Particles of Matter
Statement/Issues
1. Reference material
found in the library 3.14 0.70 Average
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
208

2. Audio-visual aids used


in presenting lessons 3.29 0.82 Average
3. Facilities and
equipment available for
use 2.92 1.32 Average
4. Modern and latest
measuring devices
available for use 3.77 0.89 High
5. First-aid kit and
medical supplies 2.10 1.11 Low
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
209

Mean
3.04 0.62 Average

Scaling:
4.21 5.00: VH Very High
3.41 - 4.20: H High
2.61 3.40: A Average
1.81 2.60: L Low
1.00 1.80: VL Very Low
Living Things and Their Environment Statement /Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
210

In terms of Living Things and Their Environment

Statement/Issues question number 1 Reference material found

in the library the mean is 3.14 with the standard deviation

of 0.70 and the interpretation is Average.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
211

This implied that textbook were used as a resource

for students, help students become more metacognitive aware

by modeling your thinking as you solve a problem, develop an

argument, or analyze written work in front of the class.

Teach metacognitive strategies, such as setting goals,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
212

making predictions, and checking for consistency. Focus

attention on metacognition by having students write in a

learning journal or develop explanations of their problem-

solving processes.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
213

In question number 2 Audio-visual aids used in

presenting lessons the mean is 3.29 with the standard

deviation of 0.82 and the interpretation is Average. This

implied that the Education is necessary for everyone.

Education is very important, without education no can lead a


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
214

good life. Teaching and learning are the important element

in education. The teacher use different methods and material

to teach their students and their effective learning. With

the passage of time, different methods and techniques are

entered in the field of education and teacher use different


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
215

kind of aids to make effective teaching. Teaching aids

arouse the interest of learners and help the teachers to

explain the concepts easily. As Singh (2005) defines: Any

device which by sight and sound increases the individual s'


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
216

experience, beyond that acquired through read described as

an audio-visual aids.

In question number 3 Facilities and equipment

available for use the mean is 2.92 with the standard

deviation of 1.32 and the interpretation is Average. This


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
217

implied that facilities and equipment especially in

laboratory helps to provide a forum wherein the learner is

given the exercise to subjects, his beliefs, ideas,

statements, theoretical propositions etc. to some forms of

experimental test (Soyibo, 1990). To maintain and arouse the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
218

interests of students in subjects involving laboratory work,

the teacher should be effectively involved in order to

transfer knowledge and facts to learners for a good

performance in any examinations.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
219

In question number 4 Modern and Latest measuring

devices available for use the mean is 3.77 with the

standard deviation of 0.89 and the interpretation is High.

This implied that students have the opportunity to use

scientific inquiry and develop the ability to think and act


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
220

in ways associated with inquiry, including asking questions,

planning and conducting investigations, using appropriate

tools and techniques to gather data, thinking critically and

logically about relationships between evidence and

explanations, constructing and analyzing alternative


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
221

explanations, and communicating scientific arguments shows

the standards for inquiry. The science as inquiry standards

are described in terms of activities resulting in student

development of certain abilities and in terms of student

understanding of inquiry.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
222

In question number 5 First-aid kit and medical

supplies the mean is 2.10 with the standard deviation of

1.11 and the interpretation of Low. This implied that the

classroom did not have a first aid kit and medical supplies

in times of emergencies.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
223

Table 2.b
Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the
Science Topics in terms of Countless and Active Particles of
Matter Statement and Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
224

MEAN STANDARD INTERPRE


FACTORS DEVIATIO -TATION
N
Countless and Active
Particles of Matter
Statement and Issues
1. Reference material
found in the library 3.27 0.85 Average
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
225

2. Equipment available
for use 3.64 0.89 High
3. Laboratory rooms
available for use 3.11 0.94 Average
4. Audio-visual used in
presenting lessons 3.30 0.80 Average
5. Chemicals for
experiment 3.04 1.14 Average
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
226

Mean 3.27 0.58 Average

Scaling:
4.21 5.00: VH Very High
3.41 - 4.20: H High
2.61 3.40: A Average
1.81 2.60: L Low
1.00 1.80: VL Very Low
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
227

Countless and Active Particles of Matter Statement and


Issues

In terms of Countless and Active Particles of Matter

Statement/Issues question number 1 Reference material found

in the library the mean is 3.27 with the standard deviation


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
228

of 0.85 and the interpretation is Average. In question

number 2 Equipment available for use the mean is 3.64 with

the standard deviation of 0.89 and the interpretation is

High. In question number 3 Laboratory rooms available for

use the mean is 3.11 with the standard deviation of 0.94


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
229

and the interpretation is Average. In question number 4

Audio visual used in presenting lessons the mean is 3.30

with the standard deviation of 0.80 and the interpretation

is Average. In question number 5 Chemical for experiment

the mean is 3.04 with the standard deviation of 1.14 and the
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
230

interpretation of Average. The mean under Earth and Space

was 3.27 with the standard deviation of 0.58 and the

interpretation is Average.

This implied that a school library as an instructional

resource which may significantly influence pupils


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
231

achievement after controlling for pupils family background.

He found that effect of library size and its activity have

been positive in 15 out of 18 analyses (Fuller 2000). Also,

in his study on the relationship between instructional

facilities and academic performance, Popoola (2002)


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
232

discovered that library correlates with academic achievement

and those schools with well-equipped library normally

maintain high academic performance.

Table 2.c
Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the
Science Topics in terms of Earth and Space Statement/Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
233

MEAN STANDARD INTERPRE-


FACTORS
DEVIATION TATION
Earth and Space
Statement/Issues
1. Reference material
found in the library
3.23 0.63 Average
2. Audio visual aids
used in presenting
lessons 4.24 0.87 High
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
234

3. Facilities and
equipment available
for use 3.27 0.68 Average
4. Proper ventilation
and lighting 2.63 1.12 Average
5. First-aid kit and
Average
medical supplies 2.82 1.27
Mean 3.24 0.53 Average

Scaling:
4.21 5.00: VH Very High
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
235

3.41 - 4.20: H High


2.61 3.40: A Average
1.81 2.60: L Low
1.00 1.80: VL Very Low

Earth and Space Statement and Issues

In terms of Earth and Space Statement/Issues question

number 1 Reference material found in the library the mean


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
236

is 3.23 with the standard deviation of 0.63 and the

interpretation is Average. This implied that the reference

materials in the library were barely enough to cater the

needs of the pupils such as types of resources here are a

few - almanacs, atlases, bibliographies, biographical


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
237

resources, dictionaries, encyclopedias - general and by

subject, handbooks, indexes, statistics, and citation

guides.

In question number 2 Audio visual aids used in

presenting lessons the mean is 4.24 with the standard


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
238

deviation of 0.87 and the interpretation is High. This

implied that the Audio-visual aids used in presenting

lessons regarding Living Things and their Environment

Statement and Issues makes dynamic learning experience more

concrete realistic and clarity. It provides significant


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
239

gains in thinking and reasoning. Audio visual aids are

sensitive tools used in teaching and as avenues for

learning. These are planned educational materials that

appeal to the senses of the people and quicken learning

facilities for clear understanding.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
240

In question number 3 Facilities and equipment

available for use the mean is 3.27 with the standard

deviation of 0.68 and the interpretation is Average. This

implied that the facilities and equipment available for used

in presenting lessons were adequate enough to make students


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
241

active and interest that make teaching-learning process

interactive. Everything is worth exploration with all of

their senses. Their minds and bodies are growing at a

phenomenal pace, developing neural connections they will use


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
242

for the rest of their lives. Learning is everything;

experience is everything.

In question number 4 Proper ventilation and lighting

the mean is 2.63 with the standard deviation of 1.12 and the

interpretation is Average. This implied that the lighting


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
243

and the ventilation was good to facilitate effective

teaching-learning process. Physical environment refers to

physical characteristics of the room. Physical classroom

environment is a combination of different things i.e.,

lighting, temperature, ventilation system, size of the room,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
244

floor, walls, desks, chairs, rugs, whiteboards, computers

etc. Teacher and students are considered the main elements

of the classroom environment. Favorable physical environment

has a significant positive effect on the efficiency of any

organization and acts as catalyzing agent to provide a


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
245

straight way for achieving predetermined objectives of an

organization.

In question number 5 First-aid kit and medical

supplies the mean is 2.82 with the standard deviation of

1.27 and the interpretation of Average. This implied that


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
246

the classroom was complete with the first aids and medical

supplies in case of emergencies. Any emergency can be

handled easily with adequate preparation, including a

medical one. A well-stocked first aid kit, kept within easy

reach is a must for every home. Preparing and maintaining a


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
247

first aid kit is also a great way of teaching kids about

safety, though it should be stored well out of their reach.

The mean under Living Things and Their Environment was 3.24

with the standard deviation of 0.53 and the interpretation

is Average. This implied that Living things and their


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
248

Environment Statement and Issues was Average. According to

Hallak (2000), instructional facilities form one of the

potent factors that contribute to academic achievement in

the school system. They include the school buildings,

classroom, accommodation, libraries, laboratories,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
249

furniture, recreational equipment, apparatus and other

instructional materials. He went further to say that their

availability, relevance and adequacy contribute to academic

achievement.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
250

Table 2.d
Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the
Science Topics in terms of Force, Motion and Energy
Statement/Issues

MEAN STANDARD INTERPRE-


FACTORS DEVIATIO TATION
N
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
251

Force, Motion and Energy


Statement/Issues
1. Reference material
found in the library 3.41 0.85 High
2. Equipment for
laboratory purposes 2.96 1.19 Average
3. Laboratory rooms
available for use 2.92 1.23 Average
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
252

4. Audio visual aids in


presenting lessons 3.69 0.99 High
5. First aid kit and
medical supplies 2.95 1.23 Average

Mean 3.19 0.77 Average

Grand Mean 3.19 0.56 Average


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
253

Scaling:
4.21 5.00: VH Very High
3.41 - 4.20: H High
2.61 3.40: A Average
1.81 2.60: L Low
1.00 1.80: VL Very Low

Force, Motion and Energy Statement/Issues


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
254

In terms of Force, Motion and Energy Statement/Issues

question number 1 Reference material found in the library

the mean is 3.41 with the standard deviation of 0.85 and the

interpretation is High. This implied that the referent

materials found in the library were sufficient. It includes


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
255

books, audio-visual, software and hardware of educational

technology; so also, size of classroom, sitting position and

arrangement, availability of tables, chairs, chalkboards,

shelves on which instruments for practicals are arranged

(Farrant, 2001 and Farombi, 2008).


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
256

In question number 2 Equipment for laboratory purposes the

mean is 2.96 with the standard deviation of 1.19 and the

interpretation is Average. According to Akande (2005),

learning can occur through ones interaction with ones


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
257

environment. Environment here refers to facilities that are

available to facilitate students learning outcome.

In question number 3 Laboratory rooms available for

use the mean is 2.92 with the standard deviation of 1.23

and the interpretation is Average. This implied that


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
258

instructional facilities have been observed as a potent

factor to quantitative education. The importance to teaching

and learning of the provision of adequate instructional

facilities for education cannot be over-emphasized. The

dictum that teaching is inseparable from learning but


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
259

learning is not separable from teaching is that teachers do

the teaching to make the students learn, but students can

learn without the teachers.

In question number 4 Audio-visual aids in presenting

lessons the mean is 3.69 with the standard deviation of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
260

0.99 and the interpretation is high. This implied that the

audio-visual aids in presenting lessons were effective and

promotes interactive learning. According to Edger Dale,

audio visual aids are those devices by the use of which

communication of ideas between persons and groups in various


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
261

teaching and training situations is helped. These are also

termed as multi-sensory materials.

In question number 5 First aid kit and medical

supplies the mean is 2.95 with the standard deviation of

1.23 and the interpretation of Average. The mean under


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
262

Living Things and their Environment was 3.19 with the

standard deviation of 0.77 and the interpretation is

Average. The grand mean is 3.19 with the standard deviation

of 0.56 and the interpretation is Average.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
263

Statement Problem Number 3 What is the Level of Students

Academic Performance.

Table 3.
Level of Students Academic Performance

STANDARD DE
INDICATORS MEAN
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
264

Grades 87.96 4.

Interpretation based on Enclosure #8 DepEd Order #73 s. 2012


90% and above - Advanced
85% to 89% - Proficient
80% to 84% - Approaching Proficiency
75% to 79% - Developing
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
265

74 and below - Beginning

Students Academic Performance


In terms of the grades of the students, the mean is

87.96 with the standard deviation of 4.49 and the

interpretation is Proficient. It revealed that students

academic performance was proficient; this implied that


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
266

instructional facilities in Science were effective that

leads to the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process

that reflects on the performance of the students

academically. The effective K-12 science teachers who are at

their desks early in the morning, and well after bell time
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
267

in the afternoon. Their integrated science instruction is

fluid and engaging. They usually have energy to burn. And

they know how to harness it from their students Science is a

process as well as knowledge. Children learn science by

being involved not only with its content, but also with its
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
268

methodology. The effective science facility accommodates

both. Science study requires a variety of unique

instructional materials in addition to those materials

common to all of education.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
269

Statement Problem Number 4. Is there a significant

difference on Respondents Academic Performance when grouped

according to their Profile.

Table 4
Difference Analysis on Respondents Academic Performance when
grouped according to their Profile
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
270

STATIS-
COMPUTED P- CONCLU- DECISION
PROFILE TICAL
VALUE VALUE SION FOR H0
TOOL
Failed
Not.
Age to
2.381 .098 Sig.
ANOVA Reject
Sex Not. Failed
Sig. to
-1.709 .091 Reject
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
271

Parents
Economic
3.023 .010 Sig. Reject
Status
Mothers
Educationa
l 2.914 .009 Sig. Reject
Background
Fathers Sig. Reject
Educationa
l 2.634 .016
Background
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
272

Interpretation:
Sig. - Significant if p-value is lesser than 0.05
Not. Sig. Not Significant is greater than 0.05
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
273

In Difference Analysis on Respondents Academic

Performance when grouped according to their Profile, the

statistical tool used to solve is ANOVA and t-test.

In age, the computed value is 2.381 with, p-value of

0.098, hence there is no significant on students academic


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
274

performance when grouped according to Age. This implied that

pupils age is not a basis for their performance

academically. In lined with Grissom (2004) also found a

positive relationship between age and academic success for

some of the older children in his study, but argued against


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
275

modifying entrance age policies, delaying school entryor

retaining students to improve academic achievement (p. 1)

based on results with students deemed overage. Grissom

(2004) found that students who were older yet still age

appropriate to their peers did better academically than


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
276

their younger classmates, but students who were overage from

previous retentions and other factors actually performed

worse academically than their peers.

For Sex, the computed value is -1.709 with p-value

0.091. This implied that pupils sex is have no have


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
277

conceptual underpinnings linked to pupils academic success.

Lornes (2001) longitudinal study on school readiness

factors, including gender, reported the gender difference

between students considered at high readiness and low

readiness for school to be insignificant.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
278

With regards to Parents Economic Status, the computed

value is 3.023 with p-value 0.010, hence parents economic

status significantly affects their academic performance.

This implied that children from low socio-economic status

households and communities develop academic skills more


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
279

slowly compared to children from higher socio-economic

status groups (Morgan, Farkas, Hillemeier, & Maczuga, 2009).

Initial academic skills are correlated with the home

environment, where low literacy environments and chronic

stress negatively affect a childs pre-academic skills. The


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
280

school systems in low-SES communities are often under

resourced, negatively affecting students academic progress

(Aikens & Barbarin, 2008). Inadequate education and

increased dropout rates affect childrens academic


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
281

achievement, perpetuating the low- socio-economic status of

the community.

In Mothers Educational Background, the computed value

is 2.914 with p-value 0.009, hence there is a significant

difference with the students academic performance when


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
282

grouped according to mothers educational background. This

implied that mothers educational background attainment

seems to have a heritable quality. Englund, Uckner, Whaley,

and Egeland (2004), found that mothers with higher (vs.

lower ) educational attainment provided more support for


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
283

their children in problem-solving situations at preschool

level , had higher expectations of educational attainment

for their children in first grade level , and were more

involved in their childrens school in first grade.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
284

In Fathers Educational Background, the computed value

is 2.634 with p-value of 0.016, hence there is a significant

difference with the students academic performance when

grouped according to fathers educational background. This

implied that fathers educational background affects pupils


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
285

academic performance. When fathers are more educated, the

more elevated is the socioeconomic status and more

satisfaction stems from it, along with concomitant

privileges. That parental education is an index of class

status and personality characteristics in the shape of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
286

satisfactions and problems associated with, and children of

less educated parents or totally uneducated parents have low

emotional stability and they have high anxiety level.

Statement Problem Number 5. Is there a significant

difference on the Level of Adequacy of Instructional


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
287

Facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped according to

Respondents Profile?

Table 5
Difference Analysis on the Level of Adequacy of Instructional
Facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped according to
respondents profile
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
288

PROFILE STATIS-TICAL TOOL COMPUTED VALUE

AGE ANOVA 0.391


SEX
t-test -0.052

PARENTS ANOVA 4.345


ECONOMIC
STATUS
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
289

FATHERS
EDUCATIONAL
4.480
ATTAINMENT ANOVA

MOITHERS
EDUCATIONAL
ATTAINMENT ANOVA 4.243
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
290

Interpretation:
Sig. - Significant if p-value is lesser than 0.05
Not. Sig. Not Significant is greater than 0.05

Table 5, showed the Difference Analysis on the Level of

Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the Grade 9 when

grouped according to Respondents Profile in terms age, sex,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
291

parents economic status and the parents educational

attainment.

In Age the computed value of 0.391 with p-value of

0.677, hence the age of the students does not affect the

level of adequacy of instructional facilities. This implied


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
292

that successful teaching and learning to takes place in

school buildings that are clean, quiet, safe, comfortable,

and healthy (Blagojevich, Illinois Capital Development

Board, & Illinois State Board of Education, 2006).


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
293

Buildings that are not properly maintained have the

potential to inhibit student success due to one or more

deficiencies in the facility. And all of these does not

depends of the age of the pupils, this rely on the

administrator and the teachers.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
294

The Sex, had a computed value of -0.052 with p-value of

0.958 had no significant difference and the Ho was rejected,

hence the sex of the students does not affect the level of

adequacy of instructional facilities. This implied that both

males and females were affected when there is an excessive


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
295

noise and/or outside distractions reflect students display

of stress and dissatisfaction in the classroom. It was

proven that proper lighting, including daylight, improves

test scores, reduces off-task behavior, and increases


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
296

student achievement (EPA, 2006). Also increasing student

achievement is acoustics.

For the parents economic status, the computed value is

4.434 with p-value 0.001; hence parents economic status of

the students does not affect the level of adequacy of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
297

instructional facilities. Suleman et al. (2012) found that

that those children whose socioeconomic status was strong

show better academic performance and those with poor

socioeconomic status showed poor and unsatisfactory academic

performance. Heyneman (2005) stated that for many years


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
298

researches have revealed that students do not show effective

performance in school whose parental socioeconomic status is

low.

In fathers educational attainment, the computed value

is 4.480 with p-value 0.000; hence fathers educational


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
299

attainment of the students does not affect the level of

adequacy of instructional facilities. This implied that

students who are very brilliant were negatively affected by

the attitude of their parents, especially fathers by not

providing them the necessary materials needed in the school


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
300

and at home. Apparently, it is now noted that students whose

parents encourages and provides their educational needs

always perform excellently.

And the mothers educational attainment, the computed

value 4.240 with p-value 0.000 p-value, hence mothers


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
301

educational attainment of the students does not affect the

level of adequacy of instructional facilities. It was

discovered that many parents do not realized the importance

of keeping their children at school beyond some certain

level. They preferred to have their children working with


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
302

them in their trade, and those that are interested in

keeping their children at school, never bordered to give a

follow up by checking their childrens note.

A study of socio-economic status of students by

Eshiwani (1983) pointed out that the ratio of students whose


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
303

mothers were teachers took alionshare of the university

admission cakedue to motivation and encouragement from

their parents to provide furthers studies. In a study

conducted by Knight and Sabaot (1990) it was found that in

contrast to Tanzania, in Kenya there is positive


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
304

relationship between the mothers educational attainment and

the Childs Form four examinations performance. Therefore,

it was necessary investigate the influence of mothers

educational level on academic performance of secondary

school students.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
305

Table 5.a
Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of
instructional facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped
according to respondents profile in terms of Age

PROFILE FACILITES STATIS-TICAL TOOL COMPUTED VA


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
306

Living Things and Their Environment ANOVA


Statement/Issues 1.345

Countless and Active Particles of


AGE Matter Statement/Issues 0.253

Earth and Space Statement/Issues


0.624
Force, Motion and Energy 0.572
Statement/Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
307

0.391
Mean
Interpretation:
Sig. - Significant if p-value is lesser than 0.05
Not. Sig. Not Significant is greater than 0.05
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
308

The statistical tool used to solve age was ANOVA and t-

test. In terms of Living Things and Their Environment

statement/issues with regard to age, the computed value is

1.345 with p-value of 0.265; hence Age had no significant

difference with the instructional facilities. This implied


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
309

that instructional facilities provide by the school

administration in terms of students Living Things and Their

Environment had no relation with the students age like the

reference materials found in the library such as books,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
310

magazines, and other reading materials which contains

information regarding Living things and Their Environment.

In Countless and Active Particles of Matter

statement/issues with regards to age, the computed value is

0.253 with p-value of 0.777, hence Countless and Active


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
311

Particles of Matter statement/issues had no significant

difference with the students age. The instructional

facilities such as proper ventilation and lighting of the

classroom; books and instructional resources are independent

to the students age.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
312

Earth and Space statement/issues with regards to age,

had a computed value is 0.624 with p-value of 0.538, it

revealed that students age had no significant difference

with the Earth and Space statement/ issues. This implied

that the age of the students is not related to the Learning


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
313

opportunities provide by the teachers such instructional

strategies that facilitate three-dimensional learning in an

integrated fashion to support making sense of phenomena

and/or designing solutions to problems through inquiry and

engineering design experiences .


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
314

In Force, Motion and Energy statement/issues with

regards to age the computed value was 0.572 with p-value of

0.566, hence revealed that the Force, Motion and Energy

statement/issues had no significant difference with the age

of the students, this implied that the provision of scaffold


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
315

supports for teachers to facilitate learning of the

practices so that students are increasingly responsible for

making sense of phenomena and/or designing solutions to

problems is catered based to the students academic

performance inside the classroom not in the students age.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
316

Generally, the computed value is 0.391 with a p-value

of 0.677, where the results showed that Age and the Level

Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the Grade 9 students

is statistically not significant.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
317

Table 5.b
Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of Instructional
Facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped according to respondents
profile in terms of Sex

PROFIL FACILITIES STATIS-TICAL COMPU


E TOOL
Living Things and their Environment t-test 0
Statement/Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
318

Countless and Active Particles of Matter


Statement/Issues 0

SEX Earth and Space Statement/Issues


-0
Force, Motion and Energy Statement/Issues
0

Mean -0
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
319

Interpretation:
Sig. - Significant if p-value is lesser than 0.05
Not. Sig. Not Significant is greater than 0.05

Sex
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
320

In terms of Living Things and Their Environment

Statement/Issues, the computed value was 0.043 with p-value

of 0.966, hence there is significant difference between sex

and the Livings Things and Their Environment. This implied

that both males and females adapt environment as their part


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
321

of their habitat. They have already adjusted to different

ways to make their life comfortable.

In Countless and Active Particles of Matter

Statement/Issues, the computed value is 0.508 with p-value

of 0.613, where there is significant difference between the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
322

sex and the matter and its interaction statement/issues

.This implied that both males and female are familiarized

with the different things around them that they can make be

useful and productive in their lives.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
323

In Earth and Space Statement/Issues, the computed value

was -0.961 with p-value of 0.339, hence there is significant

difference between earth and space statement/issues and sex.

This implied that both sexes- male and female are

knowledgeable in force, motion and energy. They know that


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
324

all things in their environment have force and motion and

through energy it can be utilized. And this energy is

important to each individual to move and be able to fulfill

their task in order to live.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
325

In Force, Motion and Energy Statement/Issues had a

computed value was 0.131 with p-value of 0.896, hence there

is no significant difference between force, motion and

energy statement/issues and sex.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
326

Generally, the Level of Adequacy of Instructional

Facilities of the Grade 9 had the total computed value of

-0.052 with p-value of 0.958, where there is no significant

difference on the Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities

of the Grade 9 and sex.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
327

Table 5.c

Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of instructional


facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped according to respondents
profile in terms of Parents economic status
PROFILE FACTORS STATIS-TICAL COMPUTE
TOOL
Living Things and their ANOVA 2.599
Environment Statement/Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
328

Matter and Its Interaction


3.261
PARENTS Statement/Issues
ECONOMIC Earth and Space Statement/Issues
STATUS
3.194
Force, Motion and Energy
Statement/Issues 4.768
Mean
4.345

Interpretation:
Sig. - Significant if p-value is lesser than 0.05
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
329

Not. Sig. Not Significant is greater than 0.05

Parents Economic Status

In parents economic status, the statistical tool used

to solve was ANOVA. In terms of Living Things and Their


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
330

Environment statement/issues of parents economic status,

the computed value was 2.599, p-value was 0.023, conclusion

was significant and the decision was reject. A lot of

various factors have contributed to the effect of parents

academic background on pupils performances. Parents


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
331

educational background can pose a positive or negative

expectation from students performance such as provision of

materials and resources which can support learning. Some

families can hold firm to their cultural value which may


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
332

affect their children. For example, the assumption parents

make about choosing an occupational goal for their children.

In Countless and Active Particles of Matter

statement/issues, the computed value was 3.261 with p-value

of 0.006, hence the parents economic status affects the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
333

performance of the students in terms of matter and its

interaction statement/issues. According to Adefemiwa (1995)

he said that when students are given academic assignment to

perform at home, some respond to it positively and return

with a poor work done, while others do not make any attempt.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
334

In Earth and Space statement/issues, the computed value was

3.194 with p-value of 0.007, where parents economic status

responds to the students performance with regards to earth and

space statement/ issues. This implied that when students are

asked to bring materials from home to aid their learning, some

responded positively while others responded negatively.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
335

Especially those broken home it can lead to poor academic

performance in school, the parents economic status which they

cannot provide the educational needs that result to the poor

performance and the environment where the students were exposed

to.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
336

In Force, Motion and Energy statement/issues, the

computed value was 4.768 with p-value of 0.000; hence the

force, motion and energy statement/issues and the parents

economic status were statistically not significant. The

educational achievement gap has deep root Socioeconomic


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
337

differences such as health and nutrition status, home

environments that provide access to academically related

experiences, mobility rates, and financial assets can

certainly influence academic achievements (Laosa, 2005:5)


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
338

Generally, Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of

the Grade 9 had the computed value was 4.345 with p-value of

0.001, where the Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities

of the Grade 9 and the parents economic status were

significantly affect each other.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
339

Table 5.d
Difference Analysis on the Level of Adequacy of Instructional
Facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped according to respondents
profile in terms of Fathers Educational Attainment

PROFILE FACILITIES STATIS-TICAL COMP


TOOL
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
340

Living Things and Their ANOVA


Environment Statement/
Issues
Countless and Active Particles of
FATHERS Matter Statement/Issues
EDUCA- Earth and Space Statement/Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
341

TIONAL Force, Motion and Energy


ATTAIN- Statement/Issues
MENT Mean

Interpretation:
Sig. - Significant if p-value is lesser than 0.05
Not. Sig. Not Significant is greater than 0.05
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
342

In Fathers Educational Attainment, the statistical

tool used to solve was ANOVA. In terms of Living Things and

Their Environment Statement/Issues of fathers educational

attainment, the computed value was 4.794 with p-value of

0.000; the results showed that fathers educational


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
343

attainment affects students performance in terms of Living

Things and Their Environment Statement/Issues. This implied

that students will be deprived from the use of adequate

instructional materials, if their father did not have the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
344

capacity to provide those needs in school especially those

basic

In Countless and Active Particles of Matter

Statement/Issues, the computed value was 3.482, with p-value

of 0.003, hence the fathers educational attainment affects


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
345

students performance in terms of matter and its interaction

statement/issues. This implied fathers who had a high

educational attainment are capable of having a good job with

a stable salary, in which they can provide their childrens

needs Lamb and Amola (2000) are of the view that children
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
346

learn best when they are interested and when the activities

reflect their own experiences..

With regards to Earth and Space Statement/Issues, the

computed value was 2.311 with p-value of 0.033, hence the

fathers educational attainment affects students


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
347

performance in terms of earth and space statement/issues.

This implied that the success of the teaching-learning

process was counter-parted by their parents especially the

father who worked for the family. A student can excel


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
348

learning if he/she was sufficient and fully equipped of the

necessary learning and skills.

In Force, Motion and Energy Statement/Issues, the computed

value was 4.271 with p-value of 0.000; hence the fathers

educational attainment affects students performance in


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
349

terms of force, motion and energy statement/issues. This

implied that a student can excel learning if he/she was

sufficient and fully equipped of the necessary learning and

skills. Moreover, Ezema (2001) remarked that the use of

audio-visual aids relaxes the classroom atmosphere,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
350

motivates the students and leads to the teaching and

learning creatively and interactively.

Generally, the level of adequacy of the instructional

facilities of Grade 9 students in terms of fathers

educational attainment computed value was 4.480 with p-value


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
351

was 0.000, the results showed that the level of adequacy of

the instructional facilities of Grade 9 students is

significantly affected by the fathers educational

attainment.

Table 5.e
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
352

Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of instructional facilities


of the Grade 9 when grouped according to respondents profile in terms
of Mothers Educational Attainment
PROFILE FACILITIES STATIS-TICAL COMPU
TOOL
Living Things and their Environment
Statement/ Issues

Matter and Its Interaction


Statement/ Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
353

Earth and Space Statement/ Issues

Force, Motion and Energy Statement/ Issues


MOTHERS
Mean ANOVA
EDUCA-
TIONAL
ATTAIN-
MENT

Interpretation:
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
354

Sig. - Significant if p-value is lesser than 0.05


Not. Sig. Not Significant is greater than 0.05

In Mothers Educational Attainment, the statistical

tool used to solve was ANOVA. In terms of Living Things and

Their Environment Statement/Issues with regards to mothers

educational attainment, the computed value was 3.048 with p-


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
355

value of 0.006, hence mothers educational attainment seems

affected the students performance in terms of Living

tThings and Their Environment Statement/Issues. This implied

that mothers educational attainment to have a heritable

quality. There is considerable evidence pointing to the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
356

level of parental education as a strong predictor of

childrens success in the educational system (Battin-Pearson

et al; 2000; Blok & Saris, 2000; Erickson & Jonson 1996;

Ferguson & Woodward, 2000; Henz & Maas, 1995).


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
357

In Countless and Active particles of Matter

Statement/Issues, the computed value was 4.237 with p-value

of 0.000; hence mothers educational attainment affects the

students performance in terms of matter and its interaction

statement/ issues. If mothers are more educated, the more


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
358

elevated is the socioeconomic status and more satisfaction

stems from it, along with concomitant privileges, facilities

and behavioral stances state that parental education is an

index of class status and personality characteristics in the

shape of satisfactions and problems associated with, and


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
359

children of less educated parents or totally uneducated

parents have low emotional stability and they have high

anxiety level.

In Earth and Space Statement/Issues the computed value

was 1.797 with p-value of 0.098, hence mothers educational


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
360

attainment does not affect the students performance in

terms of earth and space statement/ issues. This implied

that mothers with higher (vs. lower) educational attainment

provided more support for their children in problem-solving

situations at preschool level , had higher expectations of


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
361

educational attainment for their children in first grade

level , and were more involved in their childrens school in

first grade (Englund, Uckner, Whaley, and Egeland 2004).

They found that higher academic achievement in early school


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
362

may contribute to a process that supports high academic

achievement at later ages.

In Force, Motion and Energy Statement/Issues, the

computed value is 4.718 with p-value of 0.000 hence mothers

educational attainment significantly affect the students


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
363

performance in terms of force, motion and energy statement/

issues. This implied that the mothers education is found to

positively influence the openness, and extroversion. It is

clear from the results that the mean score of agreeableness

factor of students personality goes on decreasing with


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
364

increase in their mothers educational level. Some of the

results of the present that it can be concluded that

mothers education positively influence the academic

achievement and personality of their children


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
365

Generally level of Adequacy of instructional facilities of

the Grade 9 with regards to mothers educational attainment had,

the computed value is 4.243, p-value is 0.000, hence

mothers educational attainment significantly affects

students performance.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
366

Statement Problem Number 6. Is there a significant

relationship that exists between the students perceived

adequacy of instructional facilities in Grade 9 Science

topics and their Academic Performance.

Table 6
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
367

Relationship Analysis between the students perceived adequacy of


instructional facilities in Science Program and their Academic
Performance

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE CORRELATIO P- CONCLUSI DECISION FOR


VS INSTRUCTIONAL FACILITES N VALUE ON H0
COEFFICIEN
T
Living Things and Their 0.211 0.035 Sig. Reject
Environment Statement/
Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
368

0.170 0.091 Not. Failed to


Countless and Active Sig. Reject
Particles of Matter
Statement/ Issues
0.331 0.001 Sig. Reject
Earth and Space
Statement/ Issues
0.376 0.000 Sig. Reject
Force, Motion and Energy
Statement/ Issues
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
369

Grand Mean 0.297 0.003 Sig. Reject

Interpretation:
Sig.-significant since p-value is lesser than 0.01
Not. Sig not significant since p-value is greater than 0.05
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
370

In Academic Performance vs. Living Things and Their

environment Statement/Issues, the correlation coefficient

was 0.211 with p-value of 0.035, hence the Academic

Performance and Living Things and Their Environment

Statement/Issues are related to each other. This implied


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
371

that material resources include textbooks, charts, and maps,

audiovisual and electronic instructional materials such as

radio, tape recorder, television and video tape recorder.

For Academic Performance vs. Countless and Active

Particles of Matter statement/Issues, the correlation


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
372

coefficient was 0.170 with p-value of 0.091; hence the

Academic Performance vs. Countless and Active Paticles

Statement/Issues are related to each other. In Academic

Performance vs. Earth and Space Statement/Issues, the

correlation coefficient was 0.331 with p-value of was 0.001;


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
373

hence the Academic Performance and Earth and Space

Statement/Issues significantly affect to each other. This

implied that Fuller (2006) suggested that the quality of

instructional processes experienced by a learner determines

quality of education. Mwiria (2005) also supports that


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
374

students performance is affected by the quality and

quantity of teaching and learning resources.

In Academic Performance vs. Force, Motion and Energy

Statement/Issues, the correlation coefficient was 0.376,

with p-value of 0.000; hence the Academic Performance vs.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
375

hence the Academic Performance and Force, Motion and Energy

Statement/Issues significantly affects to each other. This

implied that there is a very strong positive significant

relationship between instructional resources and academic

performance. According to Adeogun, schools endowed with more


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
376

resources performed better than schools that are less

endowed. This corroborated the study by Babayomi (1999) that

private schools performed better than public schools because

of the availability and adequacy of teaching and learning

resources.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
377

Generally the Academic Performance and the Adequacy of

Instructional Facilities in Science Topics had a grand

correlation coefficient of 0.297 with p-value of 0.003,

hence the Academic Performance and Adequacy of Instructional


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
378

Facilities in Science Topics significantly affects to each

other.

CHAPTER V
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
379

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

This chapter presents the research undertakings. It

includes the summary of the research problem, and the

findings and the conclusions. Some recommendations were also

suggested.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
380

In the Socio-Demographic Profile of the Respondents

In age, the highest frequency was ages 14-15 years old

with the frequency of 90 and a percentage of 90.0. Then

female had the highest frequency than male. For parents


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
381

economic status, 3,000-5,000 has the highest frequency of 22

and a percentage of 22.0 and the last were 27,000-36,000

with the frequency of 5 and a percentage of 5.0.

In parents educational attainment it was divided into

two: the father educational attainment and the mother


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
382

educational attainment; in fathers educational attainment,

college graduate has the highest frequency of 28 and a

percentage of 28.0 and the last were with Masteral units

with the frequency of 1 and a percentage of 1.0. And in

mothers educational attainment, College Graduate has the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
383

highest frequency of 38 and a percentage of 38.0 and the

last were with Masters Unit with the frequency of 1 and a

percentage of 1.0.

Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of the Science

Program
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
384

In the Level Of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of

Science Topics which categorized as Living Things and Their

Environment, Countless and Active Particles of Matter, Earth

and Space, and Force, Motion and Energy Statement/ Issues.

The Living Things and their Environment Statement/Issues had


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
385

a 3.24 mean and 0.53 standard deviation,; the Countless and

Active Particles of Statement/Issues had a 3.04 mean and

0.62 standard deviation; the Earth and Space

Statement/Issues had a mean of 3.27 mean and 0.58 standard

deviation,; and the Force, Motion and Energy


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
386

Statement/Issues had a mean of 3.19, a standard deviation of

0.56. All these variables were interpreted as average also.

Level of Students Academic Performance

In terms of the Grade of the Students, the mean is


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
387

87.96 with the standard deviation of 4.49 and the

interpretation is Proficient.

Difference Analysis on Respondents Academic Performance

when grouped according to their Profile


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
388

In Difference Analysis on Respondents Academic

Performance when grouped according to their Profile, the

statistical tool used to solve is ANOVA. In Age, the

computed value is 2.381, p-value is 0.098, conclusion is not

significant and the decision is failed to reject. In Sex,


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
389

the computed value is -1.709, p-value is 0.091, conclusion

is not significant and the decision is failed to reject. In

Parents Economic Status, the computed value is 3.023, p-

value is 0.010, conclusion is significant and the decision

is reject. In Mothers Educational Background, the computed


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
390

value is 2.914, p-value is 0.009, conclusion is significant

and the decision is reject. In Fathers Educational

Background, the computed value is 2.634, p-value is 0.016,

conclusion is significant and the decision is reject.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
391

Difference Analysis on the Level of Adequacy of

Instructional Facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped

according to Respondents Profile

The Difference Analysis on the Level of Adequacy Of

Instructional Facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
392

according to respondents profile in terms Age, Sex,

Parents Economic Status and the Parents Educational

Attainment. In Age it had a computed value of 0.391 and p-

value of 0.677; the Sex had a computed value of -0.052, a p-

value of 0.958; the Parents Economic Status had a 4.434


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
393

computed value, a 0.001 p-value; in Fathers Educational

Attainment it had a computed value of 4.480, a 0.000 p-

value; and the Mothers Educational Attainment had a 4.243

computed value, a 0.000 p-value. All these variables had no

significant difference and the Ho was rejected.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
394

Relationship Analysis between the Students perceived

Adequacy of Instructional Facilities in Science Program and

their Academic Performance

In Academic Performance vs. Living Things and Their

Environment Statement/Issues, the correlation coefficient


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
395

was 0.211, p-value was 0.035, conclusion was significant and

the decision was reject. In Academic Performance vs.

Countless ad Active Particles of Matter Statement/Issues,

the correlation coefficient was 0.170, p-value was 0.091,

conclusion was not significant and the decision was failed


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
396

to reject. In Academic Performance vs. Earth and Space

Statement/Issues, the correlation coefficient was 0.331, p-

value was 0.001, conclusion was significant and the decision

was reject. In Academic Performance vs. Force, Motion and

Energy Statement/Issues, the correlation coefficient was


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
397

0.376, p-value was 0.000, conclusion was significant and the

decision was reject.

It had a grand the correlation coefficient is 0.297, p-

value is 0.003, conclusion is significant and the decision

is reject
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
398

Conclusion

In age, the highest frequency was ages. Then female

had the highest frequency than male and the parents

economic status, 3,000-5,000 has the highest frequency. In

parents educational attainment it was divided into two: the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
399

father educational attainment and the mother educational

attainment; the mothers and fathers educational attainment

highest frequency was the college graduate and the lowest

was with Masteral Units. In terms of level of adequacy of

instructional facilities of the Grade 9 Science program was


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
400

average and the students academic performance was

proficient.

There is no significant difference between the Level of

Adequacy of Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of

Science Topics when grouped according to their profile in


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
401

terms of Age, and Sex. There is a significant difference

between the Level of Adequacy of Level of Adequacy of

Instructional Facilities of Science Topics when grouped

according to their Profile in terms Parents Economic Status

and Parents Educational Attainment. There is a significant


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
402

relationship between the Students Perceived Adequacy of

Instructional Facilities in Science Topics and Their

Academic Performance.

Recommendations

The following recommendations are:


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
403

1. The principal or department head should check the

instructional facilities of the school.

2. The school should provide the adequacy of materials for

better learning of the students.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
404

3. Teacher should find resources to make his/her classroom

spic and span where students can stay harmoniously and

comfortable.

4. Children should be motivated to take care of the

facilities used in the class.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
405

5. The local government should provide the instructional

equipment and facilities needed by every school.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
406
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
407
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
408

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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
409

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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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P. N. Abinales; Donna J. Amoroso (2005). State and

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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
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GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
419

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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
420

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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
421

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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
422

Manuel L. Quezon, Philippine resident commissioner,

delivered in the House of Representatives of the United

States during the discussion of Jones Bill, 26

September 14 October 1914 [Asamblea Filipina, Tercera

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CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
423

4042-A 87, Discursos del Hon. Manuel L. Quezon,

comisionado residente de Filipinas, Pronunciados en la

Cmara de representantes de los Estados Unidos con

motivo de la discusin del Bill Jones, 26, septiembre-

14, octubre, 1914] (in Spanish), Manila, Philippines:


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
424

Bureau of Printing, p. 35, archived from the original

on July 18, 2010, retrieved July 24, 2010, I have seen

with my own eyes many of these schools and thousands of

those students. They were not "religious schools," but

schools established, supported and maintained by the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
425

Government (Spanish). [He visto con mis propios ojos

muchas de estas escuelas y miles de esos alumnos. No

eran "escuelas parroquiales," sino escuelas creadas,

sostenidas y mantenidas por el Gobierno (espaol).]


Country Studies: Philippine Education. Retrieved

January 24, 2009.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
426

"Philippine Constitution". Official Gazette. Government

of the Philippines.
"K to 12 Basic Education Program Frequently Asked

Questions" (PDF). Department of Education. 25 November

2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-06-11.

Retrieved 28 April 2012.


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
427

Republic Act No. 7323, Chan Robles Law Library.


Republic Act No. 7722, Chan Robles Law Library.
Republic Act No. 7796, Chan Robles Law Library.
Influence of Family Background on Academic Achievement

of Biology Students Copyright IAARR 2013:


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
428

www.afrrevjo.net 159 Indexed African Journals Online:

www.ajol.info
Saving Philippine education (archived from the original

on 2009-02-10).
The K to 12 Basic Education Program
1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines,

Chan Robles Law Library


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
429

DepEd Communications Unit, Living News and Good

Education Jun 115, 2009 issue, p4


FACT SHEET BASIC EDUCATION STATISTICS (2005-2010),

(archived from the original on 2011-05-11),

deped.gov.ph.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
430

DepEd Order 74 of 2009 (PDF) (archived from the

original on 2012-06-16)
"TVET in the Philippines". UNESCO-UNEVOC. 2014.

Retrieved 4 August 2014.


"Foreign Students". Ched.gov.ph. Retrieved 2010-07-29.

[dead link]
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
431

https://www.grossarchive.com/upload/1416594284.htm
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
432
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
433
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
434

A P P E N D I C E S
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
435
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
436
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
437

Appendix A

Research Instrument
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
438

QUESTIONNAIRE: THE LEVEL OF INSTRUCTIONAL FACILITIES IN

GRADE 9 SCIENCE TOPICS AND ITS RELATION TO STUDENTS

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

I. SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE
INSTRUCTION: Below are questions regarding the respondents
socio-demographic profile. Signify your answer by filling
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
439

out the blanks with the correct answers or by putting a


check on the blanks provided.

AGE
__ 14 - 15 years old __ 16- 17 years old
__ 18 years old and above

SEX
__ Male ___ Female
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
440

PARENTS ECONOMIC STATUS


___ 2,000 and below ___ 3,000-5,000
___ 6,000-11,000 ___ 12,000-17,000
___ 18,000-26,000 ___ 27,000- 36,000
___ 37,000 and above

PARENTSEDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Father Mother
___ Elementary Level ___ Elementary Level
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
441

___ Elementary Graduate ___ Elementary Graduate


___ High School Level ___ High School Level
___ High School Graduate ___ High School Graduate
___ College Level ___ College Level
___ College Graduate ___ College Graduate
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
442

Instruction: Put a check on the column that corresponds to


your answer.

5 Very High 4 High 3 Average


2 Low 1 Very Low
Living Things and Their Environment 5 4 3 2 1
Statement/Issue
1. Reference material found in the
library
2. Audio-visual aids used in presenting
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
443

lessons
3. Facilities and equipment available
for use
4. Modern and Latest measuring devices
available for use
5. First-aid kit and medical supplies
Countless and Active Particles of Matter 5 4 3 2 1
Statement/Issues
1. Reference material found in the
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
444

library
2. Equipment available for use
3. Laboratory rooms available for use
4. Audio-visual aids used in presenting
lessons
5. Chemicals for experiment
Earth and Space Statement/Issues 5 4 3 2 1

1. Reference material found in the


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
445

library
2. Audio-visual aids used in presenting
lessons
3. Facilities and equipment available
for use
4. Proper ventilation and lighting
5. First-aid kit and medical supplies
Force, Motion and Energy Statement/Issues 5 4 3 2 1
1.Reference material found in the
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
446

library
2.Equipment for laboratory purposes
3.Laboratory rooms available for use
4.Audio visual aids in presenting
lessons
5.First aid kit and medical supplies
GOOD AND SCATES VALIDATION INSTRUMENT
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
447

Validation of Test in the Questionnaire the Level of


Instructional Facilities in Grade 9 Science Topics and Its
Relation to Students Academic Performance
Juror: __________________________________

Instruction: Please indicate your degree of agreement or disagreement on


the statements provided below by encircling the letter which corresponds
to your answer. The statements are taken from the criteria for
evaluating survey questionnaire set forth by Carter V. Good, and Douglas
B. Scates.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
448

5 Strongly Agree 4 Agree 3 Undecided 2-


Disagree 1 Strongly Disagree

Criteria:

5 4 3 2 1
1. The test is short enough that the student will be able
to answer it within the allotted time.
2. The test is interesting and has an appeal such that
students will be induced to respond to it and accomplish
it fully.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
449

3. The test can obtain some depth to answers and avoid


guesswork.
4. The questions and their alternative responses are
neither too suggestive nor too stimulating.
5. The test can elicit responses which are definite and
not conflicting.
6. The questions are stated in such a way that the
students can understand them clearly.
7. The questions are formed in such a manner to avoid
suspicion on the part of the students concerning hidden
answers in the test.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
450

8. The test is neither too narrow nor limited in its


content.
9. The answers to the problems when taken as a whole,
could answer the basic purpose for which the test is
designed and therefore considered valid.
Comments:_______________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________

Signature over Printed


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
451

Date

GOOD AND SCATES VALIDITY RESULT

Criteria Juror Juror Juror Mean


1 2 3 Interpretation
1. The test is short enough that
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
452

the student will be able to


answer it within the allotted
time.
2. The test is interesting and
has an appeal such that students
will be induced to respond to it
and accomplish it fully.
3. The test can obtain some depth
to answers and avoid guesswork.
4. The questions and their
alternative responses are neither
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
453

too suggestive nor too


stimulating.
5. The test can elicit responses
which are definite and not
conflicting.
6. The questions are stated in
such a way that the students can
understand them clearly.
7. The questions are formed in
such a manner to avoid suspicion
on the part of the students
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
454

concerning hidden answers in the


test.
8. The test is neither too
narrow nor limited in its
content.
9. The answers to the problems
when taken as a whole, could
answer the basic purpose for
which the test is designed and
therefore considered valid.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
455

Guide:

Mean Score Range Interpretation


4.21 - 5.00 Very Good
3.41 - 4.20 Good
2.61 - 3.40 Average
1.61 - 2.60 Poor
1.00 - 1.60 Very Poor
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
456

Appendix B

Frequency and Percentage Distribution of the Respondents


Profile.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
457

age

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid 14-15 90 90.0 90.0 90.0

16-17 9 9.0 9.0 99.0

18-above 1 1.0 1.0 100.0

Total 100 100.0 100.0


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
458

sex

Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent

Valid male 34 34.0 34.0 34.0

female 66 66.0 66.0 100.0

Total 100 100.0 100.0


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
459
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
460

Parents Economic Status

Cumulative
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Percent

Valid 2000-below 17 17.0 17.0 17.0

3000-5000 22 22.0 22.0 39.0

6000-11000 14 14.0 14.0 53.0

12000-17000 17 17.0 17.0 70.0

18000-26000 18 18.0 18.0 88.0


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
461
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
462

Fathers Educational Attainment

Cumulative
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Percent

Valid elementarry level 15 15.0 16.3 16.3

elementary graduate 7 7.0 7.6 23.9

high school level 13 13.0 14.1 38.0

high school graduate 11 11.0 12.0 50.0

college level 15 15.0 16.3 66.3


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
463
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
464

Mothers Educational Attainment

Cumulative
Frequency Percent Valid Percent Percent

Valid elementarry level 12 12.0 12.4 12.4

elementary graduate 4 4.0 4.1 16.5

high school level 12 12.0 12.4 28.9

high school graduate 12 12.0 12.4 41.2

college level 14 14.0 14.4 55.7


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
465

Level of Adequacy of Instructional Facilities of Science Topics


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
466

Descriptive Statistics

N Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation

a1 100 2.00 5.00 3.2300 .63333

a2 100 2.00 5.00 4.2400 .86597

a3 100 2.00 5.00 3.2700 .67950

a4 100 1.00 5.00 2.6300 1.11604

a5 100 1.00 5.00 2.8200 1.27430

b1 100 1.00 5.00 3.1400 .69660


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
467

Descriptive Statistics

N Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation

Grand_Mean 100 2.05 4.65 3.1850 .56015

Valid N (listwise) 100


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
468
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
469

Descriptive Statistics

N Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation

Mean_a 100 2.00 4.60 3.2380 .53006

Mean_b 100 1.80 4.80 3.0440 .62253

Mean_c 100 1.60 4.60 3.2720 .58155

Mean_d 100 1.60 4.80 3.1860 .76555

Valid N (listwise) 100


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
470

Level of Students Academic Performance


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
471

Descriptive Statistics

N Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation

grades 100 75.00 98.00 87.9560 4.49058

Valid N (listwise) 100

Difference Analysis on respondents academic performance when


grouped according to their profile
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
472
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
473

Report

Grades

Age Mean N Std. Deviation

14-15 88.2778 90 4.23012

16-17 85.1111 9 6.22885

18-above 84.6000 1 .

Total 87.9560 100 4.49058


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
474
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
475

ANOVA Table

Sum of
Squares df Mean Square F Sig.

Grades * Age Between (Combined) 93.422 2 46.711 2.381 .098


Groups

Within Groups 1902.944 97 19.618

Total 1996.366 99
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
476

SEX

Group Statistics

Sex N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Mean

Grades Male 34 86.8971 4.70779 .80738

Female 66 88.5015 4.30958 .53047


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
477
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
478

Independent Samples Test

Levene's Test for


Equality of
Variances t-test for Equality of Means

95% Confidence
Interval of the
Difference

Mean Std. Error


Sig. (2- Differenc Differenc
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
479

PARENTS ECONOMIC STATUS


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
480

Report

Grades

Pecon_stat Mean N Std. Deviation

2000-below 86.7941 17 4.49325

3000-5000 85.5727 22 5.14061

6000-11000 88.5714 14 3.08132

12000-17000 89.1765 17 5.02475

18000-26000 88.0000 18 3.02927


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
481
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
482

ANOVA Table

Sum of Mean
Squares df Square F Sig.

Grades * Between (Combined) 325.780 6 54.297 3.023 .010


Pecon_stat Groups

Within Groups 1670.586 93 17.963

Total 1996.366 99
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
483

FATHERS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
484

Report

grades

Fed_attain Mean N Std. Deviation

elementarry level 86.6733 15 4.02589

elementary graduate 85.6429 7 1.77281

high school level 85.7308 13 5.57381

high school graduate 87.1364 11 2.60855

college level 89.0000 15 3.76544


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
485
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
486

ANOVA Table

Sum of Mean
Squares df Square F Sig.

Grades * Between (Combined) 340.829 7 48.690 2.914 .009


Fed_attain Groups

Within Groups 1403.414 84 16.707

Total 1744.243 91
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
487

MOTHERS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
488

Report

grades

Med_attain Mean N Std. Deviation

elementarry level 87.5417 12 3.26454

elementary graduate 84.5000 4 2.04124

high school level 85.3000 12 4.93208

high school graduate 86.2500 12 5.35766

college level 88.2857 14 2.93987


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
489
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
490

ANOVA Table

Sum of Mean
Squares df Square F Sig.

grades * Between (Combined) 334.151 7 47.736 2.634 .016


Med_attain Groups

Within Groups 1612.999 89 18.124

Total 1947.149 96
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
491

Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of


instructional facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped
according to respondents profile.in terms of age
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
492

Report

age Mean_a Mean_b Mean_c Mean_d Grand_Mean

14-15 Mean 3.2400 3.0489 3.2933 3.2133 3.1989

N 90 90 90 90 90

Std. Deviation .53733 .62409 .57216 .77419 .56330

16-17 Mean 3.3111 3.0444 3.0667 2.9333 3.0889

N 9 9 9 9 9
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
493
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
494

ANOVA Table

Sum of Mean
Squares df Square F Sig.

Mean_a * age Between (Combined) .751 2 .375 1.345 .265


Groups

Within Groups 27.065 97 .279

Total 27.816 99

Mean_b * age Between (Combined) .199 2 .100 .253 .777


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
495

Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of


instructional facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped
according to respondents profile.in terms of sex
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
496

Group Statistics

sex N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error Mean

Mean_a male 34 3.2412 .49428 .08477

female 66 3.2364 .55126 .06786

Mean_b male 34 3.0882 .62317 .10687

female 66 3.0212 .62573 .07702

Mean_c male 34 3.1941 .62180 .10664


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
497
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
498

Independent Samples Test

Levene's Test
for Equality of
Variances t-test for Equality of Means

95% Confidence
Interval of the
Difference

Mean Std. Error


Sig. (2- Differenc Differenc
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
499

Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of


instructional facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped
according to respondents profile.in terms of parents
economic status
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
500

Report

Pecon_stat Mean_a Mean_b Mean_c Mean_d Grand_Mean

2000-below Mean 3.0235 2.6471 2.9412 2.7412 2.8382

N 17 17 17 17 17

Std. Deviation .48416 .51735 .70273 .71332 .52931

3000-5000 Mean 3.0545 2.8818 3.1909 2.8909 3.0045

N 22 22 22 22 22
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
501
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
502

ANOVA Table

Sum of Mean
Squares df Square F Sig.

Mean_a * Pecon_stat Between (Combined) 3.995 6 .666 2.599 .023


Groups

Within Groups 23.821 93 .256

Total 27.816 99

Mean_b * Pecon_stat Between (Combined) 6.669 6 1.111 3.261 .006


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
503

Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of


instructional facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
504

according to respondents profile.in terms of fathers


educational attainment
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
505

Report

Fed_attain Mean_a Mean_b Mean_c Mean_d Grand_Mean

elementarry level Mean 2.8400 2.6800 2.9067 2.6800 2.7767

N 15 15 15 15 15

Std. Deviation .47329 .41266 .53381 .47689 .39545

elementary graduate Mean 2.9143 2.7429 3.0286 2.7143 2.8500

N 7 7 7 7 7
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
506
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
507

ANOVA Table

Sum of Mean
Squares df Square F Sig.

Mean_a * Fed_attain Between (Combined) 7.449 7 1.064 4.794 .000


Groups

Within Groups 18.648 84 .222

Total 26.097 91

Mean_b * Fed_attain Between (Combined) 8.131 7 1.162 3.482 .003


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
508

Difference Analysis on the level of Adequacy of


instructional facilities of the Grade 9 when grouped
according to respondents profile in terms of mothers
educational attainment
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
509

Report

Med_attain Mean_a Mean_b Mean_c Mean_d Grand_Mean

elementarry level Mean 2.7500 2.5833 2.8500 2.6167 2.7000

N 12 12 12 12 12

Std. Deviation .47578 .40415 .53343 .47065 .39943

elementary graduate Mean 3.0000 3.1500 3.0500 3.1000 3.0750

N 4 4 4 4 4
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
510
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
511

ANOVA Table

Sum of Mean
Squares df Square F Sig.

Mean_a * Med_attain Between (Combined) 5.069 7 .724 3.048 .006


Groups

Within Groups 21.146 89 .238

Total 26.214 96

Mean_b * Med_attain Between (Combined) 8.444 7 1.206 4.237 .000


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
512

Relationship Analysis between the students perceived adequacy of


instructional facilities in science program and their Academic
Performance using Pearsons r
Correlation Coefficient
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
513

Correlations

age sex Pecon_stat Fed_attain Med_attain grades

age Pearson Correlation 1 -.077 -.104 -.208* -.032 .211*

Sig. (2-tailed) .444 .302 .046 .759 .035

N 100 100 100 92 97 100

sex Pearson Correlation -.077 1 .042 .015 -.073 .170

Sig. (2-tailed) .444 .675 .886 .474 .091


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
514

Results for Reliability

A.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
515

Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's Alpha N of Items

.852 5

B.
Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's Alpha N of Items


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
516

C.
Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's Alpha N of Items

.809 5

D.
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
517

Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's Alpha N of Items

.826 5

As a whole
Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's Alpha N of Items


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
518

CURRICULUM VITAE

Personal Data
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
519

Name : Mae Ligaya Cobbol Candilada

Position : Teacher II

School : Julio Ledesma National High School

Home Address : 2nd Street, Margairita Village


San Carlos City, Negros Occidental

Birthdate : January 10.1961


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
520

Birth place : San Carlos City, Negros Occidental

Status : Married

Religion : Roman Catholic

E-mail Add : cmae fer.happy@yahoo.com

Spouse : Fernando Ariola Candilada


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
521

Sons : Fritz Maximillian (RG)/


Francis Maynard (GR)

Father : Maximino Manila Cobbol (D)

Mother : Gloria Salinas Cahaban (D)

Educational Attainment:

1967-1973 Elementary Education


CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
522

City Central School


San Carlos City, Negros Occidental

1973-1977 Secondary Education


Colegio de Sto. Tomas Recoletos
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental

1977-1980 Tertiary Education


Visayas Technician Institute(now
Technological University of the
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
523

Philippines)
Graduate: Chemical
Technology

1981-1985 Colegio de Sta. Rita


San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
Graduate: Bachelor of Science in Education
(BSE)

Major: English
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
524

1986-1988 Colegio de Sta. Rita


San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
Graduate: Bachelor of Science in Elementary
Education (BEED)
Major: English

Post-Graduate Studies:

Master of Arts in Education Major in Educational Management


with CAR and 45 units
Colegio de Sta. Rita
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
525

San Carlos City, Negros Occidental

Masters of Arts in Education Major in General Science


Central Philippines State University
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
526
CENTRAL PHILIPPINES STATE UNIVERSITY
GRADUATE SCHOOL
San Carlos City, Negros Occidental
527