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Power Factor Correction in Bridgeless-Luo Converter-Fed BLDC Motor Drive

Abstract

This paper presents a power factor correction (PFC)-based bridgeless Luo (BL-Luo)
converter-fed brushless dc (BLDC) motor drive. A single voltage sensor is used for the speed
control of the BLDC motor and PFC at ac mains. The voltage follower control is used for a BL-
Luo converter operating in discontinuous inductor current mode. The speed of the BLDC motor
is controlled by an approach of variable dc-link voltage, which allows a low-frequency switching
of the voltage source inverter for the electronic commutation of the BLDC motor, thus offering
reduced switching losses. The proposed BLDC motor drive is designed to operate over a wide
range of speed control with an improved power quality at ac mains. The power quality indices
thus obtained are under the recommended limits of IEC 61000-3-2. The performance of the
proposed drive is validated with test results obtained on a developed prototype of the drive.
Predictive Torque Control Scheme for Three-Phase Four-Switch Inverter-Fed Induction Motor
Drives With DC-Link Voltages Offset Suppression

Abstract

The four-switch three-phase (B4) inverter, having a lower number of switches, was first
presented for the possibility of reducing the inverter cost, and it became very attractive as it can
be utilized in fault-tolerant control to solve the open/short-circuit fault of the six-switch three-
phase (B6) inverter. However, the balance among the phase currents collapses due to the
fluctuation of the two dc-link capacitor voltages; therefore, its application is limited. This paper
proposes a predictive torque control (PTC) scheme for the B4 inverter-fed induction motor (IM)
with the dc-link voltage offset suppression. The voltage vectors of the B4 inverter under the
fluctuation of the two dc-link capacitor voltages are derived for precise prediction and control of
the torque and stator flux. The three-phase currents are forced to stay balance by directly
controlling the stator flux. The voltage offset of the two dc-link capacitors is modeled and
controlled in the predictive point of view. A lot of simulation and experimental results are
presented to validate the proposed control scheme.
A Photovoltaic Array Transformer-Less Inverter With Film Capacitors and Silicon Carbide
Transistors

Abstract

A new photovoltaic (PV) array power converter circuit is presented. This inverter is a
transformer-less topology with grounded PV array and only film capacitors. The motivations are
to reduce circuit complexity, eliminate leakage ground currents, and improve reliability. The use
of silicon carbide (SiC) transistors is the key enabling technology for this particular circuit to
attain reasonable (>97%) efficiency. Some background about the challenges of ground currents
and power decoupling to be addressed is first discussed. The proposed solution of a bidirectional
buck boost converter, dynamically varying dc link, and half-bridge inverters is then presented
along with details on the basic functionality. Some aspects of selecting passive components for
the circuit are discussed. The average dynamic model and control system are then presented.
Finally, simulation and experiment results are shown demonstrating that the proposed topology is
a viable solution.
A Stepping On-Time Adjustment Method for Interleaved Multichannel PFC Converters

Abstract

A simple and effective stepping on-time adjustment (SOTA) method with status judgment
for interleaved multichannel critical mode (CRM) boost-type power factor correction (PFC)
converters is proposed. The boost-type PFC converter with CRM operation is commonly used
for ac-dc conversion because of its circuit simplicity and high efficiency. The interleaved
multichannel PFC converter becomes the trend for high-power applications. However,
conventional interleaved methods are complicated and difficult to implement when more than
two channels are required. Also, noise disturbances or on-time mismatching can easily lead to
continuous conduction mode operation which will increase current distortion, reduce power
conversion efficiency, or even damage the converter. The proposed SOTA method with status
judgment can greatly simplify the control complexity of the interleaved multichannel operation.
A prototype 600-W three-channel interleaved CRM boost PFC converter is built to verify the
performance of the proposed SOTA method.
Three-Level Single-Phase Bridgeless PFC Rectifiers June 15

Abstract

This paper presents new three-level unidirectional single-phase PFC rectifier topologies
well suited for applications targeting high efficiency and/or high power density. The
characteristics of a selected novel rectifier topology including its principles of operation,
modulation strategy, feedback control scheme, and a power circuit design related analysis are
presented. Finally, a 220-V/3-kW laboratory prototype is constructed and used in order to verify
the characteristics of the new converter, which include remarkably low switching losses and
single ac-side boost inductor, that allow for a 98.6% peak efficiency with a switching frequency
of 140 kHz.