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LABORATORIUM HIDROLIKA

FAKULTAS TEKNIK JURUSAN SIPIL


UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

TABEL PENGAMATAN PERCOBAAN F6 - A / B


( ALIRAN PADA TATA PIPA )

JENIS PERCOBAAN : GATE VALVE


NO. VOLUME WAKTU PEMBACAAN MANOMETER TEMP
URT. (Liter) (Dtk) Hg (mm) H2O (mm) (OC)
5.70 289
5.50
1 4.00 5.40 29
5.50
5.80 288
6.05 289
6.36
2 4.00 6.09 29
6.38
6.61 287
7.62 290
8.16
3 4.00 8.25 29
8.40
8.10 288
10.44 290
10.06
4 4.00 10.78 29
10.91
11.09 287

Group : IV (Empat) Makassar,.. 20


Asisten
No Nama Stb. Laboratorium Hidrolika
1 A. Fahrul J. 031260031
2 Hasim 031260010
3 Erik H 031280178
4
5 ( )
1.6 GATE VALVE

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d) = 16.23 mm = 0.01623 m
Luas penampang (A) . d ### m
= = 0.000207
4
Volume (v) = 4.00 ltr = 0.004 m
Temperatur = 29 C
Gaya gravitasi = 9.81 m/dt
Panjang Pipa (L) = 1.80 m
Koef. Kehil. tng (K) = 0.54

1. Menghitung Waktu Rata-Rata (tr)


t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
tr =
n
5.7 + 5.5 + 5.4 + 5.5 + 5.8
=
5
= 5.58 dtk

2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)


v
Q =
tr
0.004
=
5.58
= 0.000717 m/dtk

3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (V)


Q
V =
A
0.000717
=
0.00021
= 3.463768 m/dtk

4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)


.V.d
Re =

Sebelumnya! Nilai T diinterpolasi terlebih dulu, supaya diketahui nilai dan
T 25 = = 997.1 kg/m = 0.000894 kg/mdtk
T 30 = = 995.7 kg/m = 0.000801 kg/mdtk
T 29 = = 995.98 kg/m = 0.000820 kg/mdtk
995.98 . 3.463768 . 0.00021
Re =
0.00082
= 68281.661564 > 2800 (Turbulen)

5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek (f)


f = 0.316 . Re -0.25
= 0.316 . 68281.66156 -0.25
= 0.019548

6. Menghitung Kehilangan Energi (hl hitung)


V
hlht = K .
2g
3.463768 ###
= 0.54 .
2 . 9.81
= 0.330212 m

7. Menghitung Beda Tinggi (hl ukur)


(Hgmax - Hgmin)
hluk = . (Hg - H2O)
1000
289 - 288
= . 13.6 - 1.0
1000
= 0.0126 m

8. Perhitungan Tabel

tr Q V hlht hluk
No. Re f
(dtk) (m/dtk) (m/dtk) (m) (m)
1. 5.58 0.000717 3.463768 68281.661564 0.000937 0.330212 0.01260
2. 6.298 0.000635 3.067633 60472.606222 0.001058 0.259001 0.02520
3. 8.106 0.000493 2.381643 46949.605543 0.001363 0.156116 0.02520
4. 10.656 0.000375 1.811594 35712.163285 0.001792 0.090327 0.03780

9. Tabel Perhitungan Persamaan Last Quarts


hl hitung (x) hl ukur (y) xy x
No.
(m) (m) (m) (m)
1. 0.330212 0.0126 0.004161 0.109040
2. 0.259001 0.0252 0.006527 0.067082
3. 0.156116 0.0252 0.003934 0.024372
4. 0.090327 0.0378 0.003414 0.008159

0.835656 0.1008 0.018036 0.208653


Rumus persamaan grafik linier y=A-B.x
n . xy - x . y
B =
n . x - (x)
4 . 0.018036 - 0.835656 . 0.1008
=
4 . 0.208653 - 0.698321
= -0.088708

y - B . x
A =
n
0.1008 - -0.08871 . 0.835656
=
4
= 0.043732

Jika y = A + B . x, maka
No x y
1 0 0.043732
2 1 -0.044976
3 2 -0.133684
4 3 -0.222392
5 4 -0.311100
6 5 -0.399808
LABORATORIUM HIDROLIKA
FAKULTAS TEKNIK JURUSAN SIPIL
UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

TABEL PENGAMATAN PERCOBAAN F6 - A / B


( ALIRAN PADA TATA PIPA )

JENIS PERCOBAAN : VENTURI METER


NO. VOLUME WAKTU PEMBACAAN MANOMETER TEMP
URT. (Liter) (Dtk) Hg (mm) H2O (mm) (OC)
6.44 291 416
6.10
1 4.00 5.75 29
5.60
6.12 288 414
7.10 291 416
7.20
2 4.00 7.19 29
7.09
7.21 288 414
10.25 291 417
10.70
3 4.00 10.45 29
10.43
10.36 287 414
11.20 291 418
11.25
4 4.00 11.31 29
11.25
12.00 287 415

Group : IV (Empat) Makassar,.. 20


Asisten
No Nama Stb. Laboratorium Hidrolika
1 A. Fahrul J. 031260031
2 Hasim 031260010
3 Erik H 031280178
4
5 ( )
1.7 VENTURI METER

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d1) = 21.85 mm = 0.02185 m
Diameter pipa (d2) = 16.23 mm = 0.01623 m

(A1) = . d ###
Luas penampang = 0.000375 m
4

(A2) = . d ###
Luas penampang = 0.000207 m
4
Volume (v) = 4.00 ltr = 0.004 m
Temperatur = 29 C
Gaya gravitasi = 9.81 m/dt

1. Menghitung Waktu Rata-Rata (tr)


t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
tr =
n
6.44 + 6.10 + 5.75 + 5.60 + 6.12
=
5
= 6.002 dtk

2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)


v
Q =
tr
0.004
=
6.002
= 0.000666 m/dtk

3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (V)


Q Q
V1 = V2 =
A1 A2
0.000666 0.000666
= =
0.000375 0.000207
= 1.776000 m/dtk = 3.217391 m/dtk

4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)


.V.d
Re =

Sebelumnya! Nilai T diinterpolasi terlebih dulu, supaya diketahui nilai dan
T 25 = = 997.1 kg/m = 0.000894 kg/mdtk
T 30 = = 995.7 kg/m = 0.000801 kg/mdtk
T 29 = = 995.98 kg/m = 0.000820 kg/mdtk
995.98 . 1.776 . 0.00038
Re =
0.00082
= 47133.660351 > 2800 (Turbulen)

5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek (f)


f = 0.316 . Re -0.25
= 0.316 . 47133.660351 -0.25
= 0.021446

6. Menghitung Beda Tinggi (hl ukur)


(Hgmax - Hgmin)
hluk = . (Hg - H2O)
1000
291 - 288
= . 13.6 - 1.0
1000
= 0.0378 m

7. Perhitungan Koefisien Pengaliran (Cd)


Q
Cd = (A (1 - (A /A )) . 2gH
1 1 2

0.000666
0.000666
= 0.000375 2 -
0.000375 . 1 - . 2 . 9.81 . 0.0378
0.000207
= 0.000012

8. Perhitungan Tabel

tr Q V hluk
No. Re f Cd
(dtk) (m/dtk) V1
(m/dt) V2 (m/dt) (m)
1. 6.002 0.000666 1.776 3.217391 47133.660351 0.021446 0.0378 0.000012
2. 7.158 0.000559 1.490667 2.700483 39561.144186 0.022406 0.0378 0.00001
3. 10.438 0.000383 1.021333 1.850242 27105.384419 0.024628 0.0504 0.000006
4. 11.402 0.000351 0.936 1.695652 24840.712888 0.025171 0.0504 0.000006
LABORATORIUM HIDROLIKA
FAKULTAS TEKNIK JURUSAN SIPIL
UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

TABEL PENGAMATAN PERCOBAAN F6 - A / B


( ALIRAN PADA TATA PIPA )

JENIS PERCOBAAN : ORIFICE


NO. VOLUME WAKTU PEMBACAAN MANOMETER TEMP
URT. (Liter) (Dtk) Hg (mm) H2O (mm) (OC)
6.44 291 414
6.10
1 4.00 5.75 29
5.60
6.12 288 414
7.10 291 413
7.20
2 4.00 7.19 29
7.09
7.21 288 414
10.25 291 412
10.70
3 4.00 10.45 29
10.43
10.36 287 414
11.20 291 412
11.25
4 4.00 11.31 29
11.25
12.00 287 415

Group : IV (Empat) Makassar,.. 20


Asisten
No Nama Stb. Laboratorium Hidrolika
1 A. Fahrul J. 031260031
2 Hasim 031260010
3 Erik H 031280178
4
5 ( )
1.8 ORIFICE

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d1) = 25.32 mm = 0.02532 m
Diameter pipa (d2) = 21.85 mm = 0.02185 m

(A1) = . d ###
Luas penampang = 0.000504 m
4

(A2) = . d ###
Luas penampang = 0.000375 m
4
Volume (v) = 4.00 ltr = 0.004 m
Temperatur = 29 C
Gaya gravitasi = 9.81 m/dt
Panjang Pipa (L) = 1.00 m

1. Menghitung Waktu Rata-Rata (tr)


t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
tr =
n
6.44 + 6.10 + 5.75 + 5.60 + 6.12
=
5
= 6.002 dtk

2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)


v
Q =
tr
0.004
=
6.002
= 0.000666 m/dtk

3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (V)


Q Q
V1 = V2 =
A1 A2
0.000666 0.000666
= =
0.000504 0.000375
= 1.321429 m/dtk = 1.776000 m/dtk

4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)


.V.d
Re =

Sebelumnya! Nilai T diinterpolasi terlebih dulu, supaya diketahui nilai dan
T 25 = = 997.1 kg/m = 0.000894 kg/mdtk
T 30 = = 995.7 kg/m = 0.000801 kg/mdtk
T 29 = = 995.98 kg/m = 0.000820 kg/mdtk
995.98 . 1.321429 . 0.00050
Re =
0.00082
= 40639.120462 > 2800 (Turbulen)

5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek (f)


f = 0.316 . Re -0.25
= 0.316 . 40639.120462 -0.25
= 0.022256

6. Menghitung Beda Tinggi (hl ukur)


(Hgmax - Hgmin)
hluk = . (Hg - H2O)
1000
291 - 288
= . 13.6 - 1.0
1000
= 0.0378 m

7. Perhitungan Koefisien Pengaliran (Cd)


Q
Cd = (A (1 - (A /A )) . 2gH
1 1 2

0.000666
0.000666
= 0.000504 2 -
0.000504 . 1 - . 2 . 9.81 . 0.0378
0.000375
= 0.000006

8. Perhitungan Tabel

tr Q V hlht
No. (Re) f Cd
(dtk) (m/dtk) V1(m/dt) V2(m/dt) (m)
1. 6.002 0.000666 1.321429 1.776000 41591.398722 0.022128 0.0378 0.000006
2. 7.158 0.000559 1.109127 1.490667 34909.286303 0.023118 0.0378 0.000005
3. 10.438 0.000383 0.759921 1.021333 23918.180476 0.025410 0.0504 0.000003
4. 11.402 0.000351 0.696429 0.936000 21919.797598 0.025970 0.0504 0.000003
LABORATORIUM HIDROLIKA
FAKULTAS TEKNIK JURUSAN SIPIL
UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

TABEL PENGAMATAN PERCOBAAN F6 - A / B


( ALIRAN PADA TATA PIPA )

JENIS PERCOBAAN : GLOBE VALVE


NO. VOLUME WAKTU PEMBACAAN MANOMETER TEMP
URT. (Liter) (Dtk) Hg (mm) H2O (mm) (OC)
6.25 291 448
6.12
1 4.00 6.00 29
5.94
6.09 289 446
8.59 290 446
8.44
2 4.00 8.34 29
8.81
8.62 287 445
10.40 292 446
10.26
3 4.00 10.66 29
10.40
10.50 289 444
12.79 291 446
12.25
4 4.00 12.72 29
12.12
12.25 288 443

Group : IV (Empat) Makassar,.. 20


Asisten
No Nama Stb. Laboratorium Hidrolika
1 A. Fahrul J. 031260031
2 Hasim 031260010
3 Erik H 031280178
4
5 ( )
1.9 GLOBE VALVE

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d) = 16.23 mm = 0.01623 m
Luas penampang (A) . d ### m
= = 0.000207
4
Volume (v) = 4.00 ltr = 0.004 m
Temperatur = 29 C
Gaya gravitasi = 9.81 m/dt
Koef. Kehil. tng (K) = 1.00

1. Menghitung Waktu Rata-Rata (tr)


t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
tr =
n
6.25 + 6.12 + 6.0 + 5.94 + 6.09
=
5
= 6.08 dtk

2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)


v
Q =
tr
0.004
=
6.08
= 0.000658 m/dtk

3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (V)


Q
V =
A
0.000658
=
0.00021
= 3.178744 m/dtk

4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)


.V.d
Re =

Sebelumnya! Nilai T diinterpolasi terlebih dulu, supaya diketahui nilai dan
T 25 = = 997.1 kg/m = 0.000894 kg/mdtk
T 30 = = 995.7 kg/m = 0.000801 kg/mdtk
T 29 = = 995.98 kg/m = 0.000820 kg/mdtk
995.98 . 3.178744 . 0.00021
Re =
0.00082
= 62662.950292 > 2800 (Turbulen)

5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek (f)


f = 0.316 . Re -0.25
= 0.316 . 62662.95029 -0.25
= 0.019973

6. Menghitung Kehilangan Energi (hl hitung)


V
hlht = K .
2g
3.178744 ###
= 1.00 .
2 . 9.81
= 0.515006 m

7. Menghitung Beda Tinggi (hl ukur)


(Hgmax - Hgmin)
hluk = . H2O
1000
291 - 289
= . 1.0
1000
= 0.002 m

8. Perhitungan Tabel

tr Q V hlht hluk
No. Re f
(dtk) (m/dtk) (m/dtk) (m) (m)
1. 6.08 0.000658 3.178744 62662.950292 0.019973 0.515006 0.0252
2. 8.56 0.000467 2.256039 44473.559278 0.021760 0.259414 0.0378
3. 10.444 0.000383 1.850242 36474.035806 0.022866 0.174485 0.0378
4. 12.426 0.000322 1.555556 30664.856404 0.023880 0.123331 0.0378

9. Tabel Perhitungan Persamaan Last Quarts


hl hitung (x) hl ukur (y) xy x
No.
(m) (m) (m) (m)
1. 0.515006 0.0252 0.012978 0.265231
2. 0.259414 0.0378 0.009806 0.067296
3. 0.174485 0.0378 0.006596 0.030445
4. 0.123331 0.0378 0.004662 0.015211

1.072236 0.1386 0.034042 0.378183


Rumus persamaan grafik linier y=A-B.x
n . xy - x . y
B =
n . x - (x)
4 . 0.034042 - 1.072236 . 0.1386
=
4 . 0.378183 - 1.14969
= -0.034277

y - B . x
A =
n
0.13860 - -0.034277 . 1.072236
=
4
= 0.043838

Jika y = A + B . x, maka
No x y
1 0 0.043838
2 1 0.009561
3 2 -0.024716
4 3 -0.058993
5 4 -0.093270
6 5 -0.127547
LABORATORIUM HIDROLIKA
FAKULTAS TEKNIK JURUSAN SIPIL
UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA

TABEL PENGAMATAN PERCOBAAN F6 - A / B


( ALIRAN PADA TATA PIPA )

JENIS PERCOBAAN : TIKUNGAN 90


NO. VOLUME WAKTU PEMBACAAN MANOMETER TEMP
URT. (Liter) (Dtk) Hg (mm) H2O (mm) (OC)
6.25 291 448
6.12
1 4.00 6.00 29
5.94
6.09 289 446
8.59 290 446
8.44
2 4.00 8.34 29
8.81
8.62 287 445
10.40 292 446
10.26
3 4.00 10.66 29
10.40
10.50 289 444
12.79 291 446
12.25
4 4.00 12.72 29
12.12
12.25 288 443

Group : IV (Empat) Makassar,.. 20


Asisten
No Nama Stb. Laboratorium Hidrolika
1 A. Fahrul J. 031260031
2 Hasim 031260010
3 Erik H 031280178
4
5 ( )
1.10 TIKUNGAN 90

Diketahui :
Diameter pipa (d) = 16.23 mm = 0.01623 m
Luas penampang (A) . d ### m
= = 0.000207
4
Volume (v) = 4.00 ltr = 0.004 m
Temperatur = 29 C
Gaya gravitasi = 9.81 m/dt
Koef. Kehil. tng (K) = 0.90

1. Menghitung Waktu Rata-Rata (tr)


t1 + t2 + t3 + t4 + t5
tr =
n
6.25 + 6.12 + 6.0 + 5.94 + 6.09
=
5
= 6.08 dtk

2. Menghitung Debit Pengaliran (Q)


v
Q =
tr
0.004
=
6.08
= 0.000658 m/dtk

3. Menghitung Kecepatan Aliran (V)


Q
V =
A
0.000658
=
0.00021
= 3.178744 m/dtk

4. Menghitung Bilangan Reynolds (Re)


.V.d
Re =

Sebelumnya! Nilai T diinterpolasi terlebih dulu, supaya diketahui nilai dan
T 25 = = 997.1 kg/m = 0.000894 kg/mdtk
T 30 = = 995.7 kg/m = 0.000801 kg/mdtk
T 29 = = 995.98 kg/m = 0.000820 kg/mdtk
995.98 . 3.178744 . 0.00021
Re =
0.00082
= 62662.950292 > 2800 (Turbulen)

5. Menghitung Koefisien Gesek (f)


f = 0.316 . Re -0.25
= 0.316 . 62662.95029 -0.25
= 0.019973

6. Menghitung Kehilangan Energi (hl hitung)


V
hlht = K .
2g
3.178744 ###
= 0.90 .
2 . 9.81
= 0.463505 m

7. Menghitung Beda Tinggi (hl ukur)


(Hgmax - Hgmin)
hluk = . (Hg - H2O)
1000
291 - 289
= . 13.6 - 1.0
1000
= 0.0252 m

8. Perhitungan Tabel

tr Q V hlht hluk
No. Re f
(dtk) (m/dtk) (m/dtk) (m) (m)
1. 6.08 0.000658 3.178744 62662.950292 0.001021 0.463505 0.0252
2. 8.56 0.000467 2.256039 44473.559278 0.001439 0.233473 0.0378
3. 10.444 0.000383 1.850242 36474.035806 0.001755 0.157036 0.0378
4. 12.426 0.000322 1.555556 30664.856404 0.002087 0.110998 0.0378

9. Tabel Perhitungan Persamaan Last Quarts


hl hitung (x) hl ukur (y) xy x
No.
(m) (m) (m) (m)
1. 0.463505 0.0252 0.01168 0.214837
2. 0.233473 0.0378 0.008825 0.054510
3. 0.157036 0.0378 0.005936 0.02466
4. 0.110998 0.0378 0.004196 0.012321

0.965012 0.1386 0.030637 0.306328


Rumus persamaan grafik linier y=A-B.x
n . xy - x . y
B =
n . x - (x)
4 . 0.030637 - 0.965012 . 0.1386
=
4 . 0.306328 - 0.931248
= -0.038096

y - B . x
A =
n
0.13860 - -0.038096 . 0.965012
=
4
= 0.043841

Jika y = A + B . x, maka
No x y
1 0 0.043841
2 1 0.005745
3 2 -0.032351
4 3 -0.070447
5 4 -0.108543
6 5 -0.146639