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Jumat, 28 Oktober 2016

MARLIN TEST
MARLIN ENGLISH TEST.

Saat ini, salah satu requirement bagi para pelaut sebelum bekerja/join pada sebagian
perusahaan pelayaran asing adalah harus menjalaniMarlin test. Minimum score Marlin test
untuk Master dan Chief officer biasanya adlah 70% per section dan overall score adalah 80%.
Banyak para pelaut kita yang gagal bekerja dikapal karena tidak bisa memenuhi minimum score
requirement tersebut. Atas dasar inilah saya mengumpulkan berbagi soal-soal dalam Marlin test
agar bisa di pelajari, dipahami dan atau dihapalkan oleh rekan-rekan pelaut sehingga dengan
demikian para pelaut tidak akan mengalami kesulitan untuk menyelesaikan soal-soal Marlin test
dengan hasil melebihi score minimum yang dipersyaratkan.
Dari waktu ke waktu Marlin test mengalami perubahan/update soal, namun perubahan tersebut
tidak berbeda jauh dengan soal-soal sebelumnya dan model soalnya selalu begitu-begitu saja.
Sebetulnya ada rasa takut dalam diri saya untuk mempublikasikan kumpulan soal jawab Marlin
test ini, karena mungkin bisa dianggap sebagai pelanggaran hak cipta. Namun dengan
mengucap Bismillahirahmanirrahim dan niat baik saya beritikad mempublikasikanya sampai ada
teguran dari pihak yang merasa keberatan.
Bagi yang baru pertama kali akan melakukan Marlin test, Saya sarankan untuk
mengunjungi www.marlinstests.com dan kemudian pilih Practice a test sehingga akan
mengetahui langkah-langkah yang harus dilakukan sebelum menjalani test.

PROSEDUR.
Sebelum masuk ke test yang sebenarnya kita terlebih dahulu harus mengisi data-data sebagai
berikut:
1. Choose your language, Pilih sesuai nationality kita yaitu BAHASA INDONESIA
2. Klik Start your test di sudut pojok kiri bawah monitor.
3. Details Enter your details. Input data-data kita sesuai kolom yang tersedia yaitu antara lain:
a. First Name
b. Last Name
c. Seaman book number
d. Date of birth
e. Country of Nationality
f. Country of Nationality other
g. Job type, Pilih Deck management level (Master, Chief officer). Atau sesuai jabatanya
h. Job title
i. Location (e.g. Jakarta, Indonesia)
Selesai mengisi data-data diatas, klik Forwarddi pojok kiri bawah monitor
4. Klik Start your test
5. Kita langsung bisa mengerjakan soal-soal Marlin test sebanyak 85 Soal yang harus diselesaikan
dalam waktu 60 Menit.

A. LISTENING.
Ada 25 soal listening yang harus dikerjakan, Baca terlebih dahulu dengan seksama soalnya
beserta jawaban pilihan ganda yang disediakan kemudian klik Listen, Dengarkan baik-baik dan
pilih jawaban sesuai pesan suara yg kita dengarkan. Saya tidak bisa banyak membahas soal
Listening karena berbentuk suara, disini saya hanya akan memberikan contoh soalnya saja.
Contoh gambar soal listening:

B. GRAMMAR
Ada 30 soal pilihan ganda yg harus dikerjakan, dimana soal grammer ini terbagi dalam beberapa
chapter soal sebagai berikut:
a. CHOOSE THE CORRECT WORD (THE CORRECT WORD IS IN RED COLOR)
1. A fire broke out in the engine room 30 minute ago.
2. All cargo should be checked thoroughly before loading.
3. Avoid contact with any moving parts
4. All life-jackets on any ship must be of the same make and type.
5. All vessels are advised to keep clear of this area.
6. All entries entered into the Oil Record Book must be up-to-date, accurate, truthful and in
compliance with.
7. All this equipment should be maintained according with the manufacturers instructions.
8. Are you familiar with this type of equipment?
9. Are you ready to sail?
10. Are there any injured crew members onboard?
11. Are you going to leave the port on Friday?
12. Are they checking the alarm system just now?
13. Are any portable fire-extinguishers available?
14. All necessary equipment was stowed in an appropriate location
15. Before commencing loading all necessary preparations should be made in the port.
16. Be careful you dont fall off the ladder.
17. Both vessels were equipped with operational radars.
18. Can you approach the vessel from the lee side?
19. Closing doors will slow down the spread of flames.
20. Chemicals must be handled with great care.
21. Dont approach this area. Its prohibited
22. Do not remove protective shields, guards, covers or any warning signs
23. Dont use any heating appliances in your cabin, it can be dangerous
24. Does the Cook know how to use the fire blanked?
25. Does the ship have a bow thruster?
26. Did you inform the master about the visitors?
27. Do you have to have shore passes?
28. Drip trays should be placed under the hose couplings before bunkering operations.
29. Dry bulk cargo is unloaded by cranes.
30. Dangerous good should be stowed away from living quarters.
31. Ensure that the procedures in the ship security plan are followed
32. Emergency services must be called immediately.
33. Each lifeboat should be launched and maneuvered in the water at last once every 3
months.
34. Emergencies often occur at night.
35. He did not attempt to make a radio line call to inform us about this accident
36. Has the chief officer taken over the watch from the Second officer yet?
37. How can I contact you?
38. How does the ship answer the helm?
39. How did they manage to avoid the incident?
40. How do you prevent unauthorized person from coming on board?
41. How many gangs will be working in this shift?
42. How many copies of this document do you need?
43. How many propellers has your vessel got?
44. How many crew are there on this vessel?
45. How many tugs were assisting in the berthing?
46. How long did it take them to pick up the survivors?
47. How long has the vessel been under repair?
48. How long have you known our Master?
49. How long have you been discharging containers?
50. How long are you going to work at sea?
51. How much time will it take you to complete this work?
52. How often do you usually have emergency drills on board?
53. Have you ever been to Australia?
54. Have you any passengers disembarking in this port?
55. Have you read the operating instructions yet?
56. Have you checked the first aid equipment?
57. Has the cargo been delivered yet?
58. I need to find out the exact dates of my next shore leave.
59. I have been on this ship since April.
60. I have just talked with the watch officer on the phone.
61. I have been working as an electrician for 7 years.
62. I have been looking for my key everywhere but cant find it.
63. I am not under command at the moment.
64. I am looking for the Bosun to ask for some white paint. Have you seen him?
65. Im finishing my contract at the end of January.
66. I am maneuvering with difficulty. Keep clear of me.
67. I prefer coffee with milk.
68. If you need medication you should take it with you.
69. If is necessary to abandon ship in cold climates you must put on extra clothing.
70. It will take you 15 minutes to get to the nearest bank on foot.
71. I have known the ch.eng for 10 years.
72. I will be thirty on Monday.
73. I am afraid hes busy at the moment, he is speaking on the phone, but, he wont be long
74. If the visibility is reduced we will proceed at slow speed
75. If typhoid is found to be present the passengers will not be allowed to disembark.
76. If they increased the ships speed, they would arrive at the port on time.
77. Is the berth fitted with fenders?
78. Is there sufficient room for swinging around?
79. Most oil supply occurs during routine cargo operations and bunkering.
80. My position has been obtained by celestial observation.
81. New navigation equipment will be installed on board of our ship by the end of this month.
82. Nobody was injured after the fire in the accommodation.
83. Our last of call was Genoa
84. Portable VHF radios can provide vital communication between the bridge and the cargo
control room.
85. Stop where you are and wait until the pilot arrives.
86. The gross tonnage is used to calculate harbor dues and pilotage.
87. The lookout is on his way to the bridge.
88. The survivors were rescued from the see by helicopter.
89. The master is still talking to the agent at the moment.
90. The hold was surveyed 2 hours ago.
91. The ship is proceeding at speed of 18 knots now.
92. The investigators have been trying to find the cause of the accident since last night.
93. The fire was discovered by the engineer who notices smoke coming from the hatch
94. The ship was ordered to alter course
95. The ship will be left for Odessa tomorrow
96. The ship will be placed to quarantine for 6-10 days
97. The space was not entered until the fire service arrived
98. The goods will be delivered in time
99. The distress message was received at 17.00.
100.The life boats have already been launched.
101.The owners, flag state and control state were not informed about the accident within the required period.
102.The ship was chartered last year.
103.The breathing apparatus is over there.
104.The ship always arrives on schedule.
105.The storm warning was received at 1900 hrs.
106.Three representatives of the Port Control are on board our ship now.
107.Today the crews are going to carry out a launch of recovery exercise with the lifeboat.
108.There holds are designed to keep cargo at the correct temperature.
109.There were over 500 passengers on board during this voyage.
110.This chapter includes instructions and information about all the lifesaving appliances on
board.
111.This vessel has called at 21 ports in the last 2 months.
112.The pilotage is compulsory for all vessels that enter or leave the port.
113.The Chief Engineer and 2nd Officer are arriving here by plane.
114.The 3rd officer on watch met us at the gangway.
115.The ship is leaving port in three days time.
116.The pump rate should be 60 cubic meters per hour.
117.The lifting work was done under the supervision of the Chief Eng.
118.The investigation showed that the fire was caused by the carelessness of the welder.
119.The line throwing device is stored on the bridge.
120.The operation will be carried out with a hoist.
121.The turbocharger is out of operation.
122.The Panamas bulker sent out a distress message saying the holds were fillingwith water.
123.The bulk carrier arrived in Singapore at 4 p.m.
124.The collision between the tanker and the fishing boat was live miles off the Black Sea
coast.
125.The Chief officer was annoyed because the decision was made withoutinforming him.
126.The ratings are busy scrubbing the deck at the moment.
127.These records are maintained on board for at least a 12-month period.
128.To make drills more effective a scenario of the emergency should be decidedbefore the
drill.
129.Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
130.Work must not be carry out unless the necessary PPE is available for use.
131.We have made an appointment with the surveyor for tomorrow.
132.We reached to pilot station at 6 p.m.
133.We are repairing the main engine now. We may need some spare pats.
134.We need to examine the release gear.
135.We have been waiting for a berth for 3 hours.
136.We waited for the agent until 5 oclock but he didnt come.
137.We were unable to leave Rotterdam on 15 Nov.
138.We have decided against renewing your contract.
139.We expect to repair the pump in 2 hours.
140.What cargo does your ship carry?
141.What is her full maneuvering speed?
142.What precautions should be taken when loading cargo?
143.What steps should be taken if there is some spillage when loading?
144.What portable fire extinguishers do you have on this ship?
145.What repairs do you want us to make?
146.What kings of fire-fighting appliances are there on board?
147.What port did your ship call at during this voyage?
148.What king of assistance do they need?
149.What did you have for dinner yesterday?
150.What are you duties at sea?
151.What safety measures are carried out on vessels?
152.What signals are used in case of emergency?
153.What was the main cause of the collision last week?
154.Who is lashing the deck cargo?
155.Who prepares life boats for launching?
156.Who is responsible for this?
157.Who discovered the person had fallen overboard?
158.Who . and signed the oil samples?
159.Who is responsible for the number and use of tugs during mooring?
160.Who is responsible for the use of the communication in an emergency.
161.Who was this certificate signed by?
162.Whose telephone numbers are listed in the document?
163.When will you pass through the Panama Canal?
164.When will our berth be available?
165.When will our food be ready?
166.When will the pilot arrive on board?
167.When did you last see the watchman?
168.When the Captain comes we will discuss this problem.
169.When was the storm warning received?
170.When it gets dark the additional lights swich on?
171.When will the ship deliver suppliers?
172.When was the letter issued to the port authorities?
173.Where is the ship found for?
174.Where did you take on fresh water?
175.Where is the emergency pump located?
176.Where will the emergency party muster?
177.Where are you going?
178.Why isnt shore-based radar assistance available yet?
179.Why should I speak to about underground storage tanks?
180.Why was the Master so angry?
181.Why did you cancel the meeting yesterday?
182.Why is the Master not satisfied with our work.
183.Will you inspect the galley and storerooms?
184.Which is the best extinguisher to put out an electrical fire?
185.You look so pale? Whats wrong with you?
186.You are proceeding at dangerous speed.
187.You are heading forwards fishing nets.
188.You must not leave your post but should contact the other person via radio.
189.You can close the holds after the heavy lifts have been loaded
190.You are not to leave the ship without permission.
191.You need check the mooring rope.

Contoh gambar soal untuk soal Grammar "Choose the correct word"

b. GRAMMAR PICTURE
CHOOSE THE STATEMENT THAT DESCRIBE THE PICTURE (THE BELOW ARE THE CORRECT
STATEMENT)
1. The vessel has run aground
2. The crewmen are taking part in mooring operations.
3. The crewman is demonstration how to use the fir-extinguisher
4. The crewmen are strapping the casualty
5. The crew are donning their life jackets
6. The crew are going to the muster station
7. The crewmen with breathing apparatus are going downstairs
8. The fire fighter is entering the space
9. Two crew members have recovered the lifeboat
10. The cook is cooking pancakes

Contoh gambar soal untuk soal "Grammar picture"

c. GRAMMAR
REARRANGE THE WORDS BELOW TO MAKE CORRECT SENTENCES (THESE WORDS ARE
THE CORRECT SENTENCES)
1. Did you inform about the visitors the Master?
2. Did you receive a work permit before the entering enclose space
3. Did you put back your tools in the tool box?
4. How long will the ship stay in Barcelona?
5. How long will the refitting take?
6. How many people helped to extinguish the fire?
7. How much time do you need to repair the winch?
8. He completed the training course three months ago
9. Have you inspected the mooring lines yet?
10. How long it will take you to get there?
11. It took us a long time to clean the cargo hold
12. I have just checked the fire-fighting equipment
13. Protective respiratory equipment should be used
14. Respirators don't provide protection in oxygen deficient atmospheres
15. The vessel I work on is old
16. The rescue operations were completed successfully.
17. The vessel loaded a cargo of sawn timber yesterday
18. The tug service will be resumed after 8 hours
19. The cargo was damaged by water.
20. The team began donning breathing apparatus and chemical suits
21. The use of mobile phones is prohibited
22. The storm warning was received at 19.00 Hrs
23. The Master is responsible for the emergency party training
24. The passengers disembarked from the vessel 2 hours ago
25. There's poor visibility because of the fog
26. This should be carried out by trained person only
27. Tanker is altering course to starboard
28. Tools which are defective mustn't be used
29. We need to carry out a lifeboat drill next week
30. Warning signs must be displayed
31. Who can speak Spanish on board?
32. Where is the ship registered?
33. Where can I get protective gloves?
34. Where will they rig the pilot ladder?
35. Where is the onboard oil spill removal equipment stored?
36. What will you do if you notice the smell of smoke?
37. What doors must be locked when in port?
38. What did you have for dinner yesterday?
39. What are the procedures in case of fire?
40. What equipment should I use when working aloft?
41. What cargos are you loading in hold no 4?
42. What are the advantages of this system?
43. What warning notices were used during welding?
44. What fire-fighting appliances do you have onboard?
45. What should you do if you see a man has fallen overboard?
46. What's the name of that vessel over there?
47. When will you deliver the ship supplies?
48. When will they be permitted to go ashore?
49. When did you launch the last lifeboat?
50. When will the ship arrive in Liverpool?
51. When are you going to complete bunkering?
52. When did you last have a security related drill?
53. Which flight is boarding at gate18?
54. Which side will the ship moor?
55. Which defective tools are must not be used?
56. Why didn't you inform the bridge about the accident?
57. You mustn't smoke in the cargo hold.
58. You need a license to operate this machine

Contoh gambar soal grammar "Rearrange the word"

C. VOCABULARY
Ada sekitar 15 soal Vocabulary yang harus dikerjakan, dimana terbagi dalam beberapa chapter
sebagai berikut:
a. (ODD WORD)
CHOOSE THE OPTION THAT DOES NOT BELONG TO THE GROUP.
1. Shout, WHISPER, Scream, Yell
2. Filthy, Dirty, Muddy, CLEAN
3. Unscrew, Loosen, TIGHTEN, Undo
4. Precious, Valuable, WORTHLESS, Expensive
5. Personnel, MAN, Crew, Staff
6. Risky, Dangerous, SAFE, Hazardous
7. Error, FAULTLESS, Incorrect, Mistake
8. Ocean, MOUNTAIN, River, Channel
9. Sure, DOUBTFUL, Confident, Certain
10. Rum, Beer, Wine, MILK
11. Equipment, Appliance, Device, CAPTAIN
12. Take, Receive, Accept, GIVE
13. Next to, Close to, FAR, Beside
14. Pier, Berth, Quay, BOLLARD
15. JOIN, Split, Divide, Separate
16. Stairs, GATE, Step, Ladder
17. Hard, Complicated, EASY, Difficult
18. Oranges, PEAS, Bananas, Grapes
19. Grow, Rise, REDUCE, Increase
20. Allow, Let, Permit, PROHIBIT
21. Feed up, Angry, CHEERFUL, Annoyed
22. Light, Bulb, CHISEL, Lamp
23. REJECT, Accept, Agree, Approve
24. BOARD, Get off, Disembark, Leave
25. Huge, TINY, Enormous, Big
26. Inspect , Check, Test , IGNORE
27. Misty, CLEAR, Hazy, Foggy
28. QUESTION, Command, Instruction, Order
29. CALM, Anxious, Worried, Nervous
30. Snack, Dinner, Meal, POTATOES
31. Lifebuoy, Lifejacket, LIFETIME, Lifeboat
32. Cable, Rope, FUNNEL, Line
33. Strain, FLU, Cut, Burn
34. MESSY, Tidy, Neat, Clean
35. KNIFE, Ticket, Passport, Visa
36. REFUSE, Adhere to, Comply with, Obey
37. Usually, Frequently, Often, RARELY
38. Mend, Fix, Repair, BREAK
39. Flare, Flame, fire, FOGHORN
40. Accurate, CARELESS, exact, precise
41. SOFT, Firm, Hard, Solid
42. Moist, Damp, DRY, Wet
43. BRIGHT, Dull, Dark, Dim
44. Town, City, Village, STREET
45. ANCHOR, Dial, Gauge, Indicator
46. LUGGAGE, Rubbish, Garbage, Litter
47. LISTEN, Speak, Talk, Say
48. Hand, INJURY, Knee, Shoulder
49. Engineer, Welder, ARTIS, Electrician
50. Aid, assist, OBSTRUCT, Help
51. Perfect, Brilliant, Excellent, DISAPPOINTING
52. Timber, Grain, Oil, CARGO
53. Boots, HAT, Shoes, Trousers
Contoh soal untuk ODD Word:

b. Look at the picture, put each word in the correct place.


Saya tidak akan membahas soal ini, karena kita cukup menempatkan tiap kata pada gambar
yang tersedia.
Contohnya:
Spoon Letakan pada gambar sendok
Plate Letakan pada gambar piring, begitu seterusnya.
Contoh soal untuk "Picture - put each word in the correct place"
c. MOVE EACH WORD INTO THE CORRECT CATEGORY (THE BELOW ARE
ARRANGED AS PER CATEGORY)
Berikut ini sudah saya susun berdasarkan category (Dalam satu katagory
ada 2 kata jawaban)
Food Kitchen utensils Furniture
rice, pasta knife, bowl armchair, table
Food Kitchen utensils Furniture
soup, beef stew tin opener, potato peeler wardrobe, sofa
shape colour size
square, triangle green, blue large, wide
shape colour size
rectangular, round grey, purple huge, small
equipment failure equipment repair
blackout, overheating engine, pump welding, soldering
equipment failure equipment repair
leakage, burst generator, boiler replace, weld
part of ship ship space ship characteristics
deck, bulkhead storeroom, workshop draft, breadth
part of ship type of ship cargo
forecastle, superstructure reefer, tanker fertilizer, coal
part of ship ship space ship characteristics
funnel, hull cargo hold, wheelhouse deadweight, length overall
fruit vegetable drink
grapes, peach cucumber, cabbage Wine, Milk
fruit vegetable drink
watermelon, pineapple Carrot, potato tea, coffee
part of body type of injury medication and treatment
leg, head cut, burn pills, injection
part of the body type of injury medication
knee, shoulder sprain, a break ointment, antibiotics
personal protective life-saving equipment accidents
clothing
safety shoes, hard hat lifejacket, breathing apparatus explosion, grounding
personal protective life-saving equipment accidents
clothing
gloves, goggles life raft, immersion suit collision, fire
mooring terms anchoring terms cargo handling gear
bollard, breast line windlass, chain locker derrick, grab crane
weather conditions navigational equipment anchoring terms
hurricane, gale echo sounder, radar shackle, gypsy
fire-fighting appliances weather conditions life-saving appliances
hose, extinguisher poor visibility, dense fog thermal protective aid, lifebuoy
relatives job place of work
uncle, nephew lawyer, doctor bank, shop
footwear clothing electrical items
slippers, boots shirt, belt DVD player, television
mooring terms anchoring terms cargo handling gear
bollard, breast line windlass, chain locker derrick, grab crane
tools means of signaling mooring appliances
soldering iron, wrench hand flare, smoke float fairlead, reel
cargo handling gear cargo damage to cargo
slings, tarpaulin sheet iron, flour fermentation, soiling
galley equipment cargo equipment navigational equipment
dishwasher, stove boom, hook gyrocompass, course recorder
cargo damage to cargo cargo document
grain, timber wetting, crushing Mate's Receipt, Bill of Lading
building transport communication
warehouse, factory motorbike, train fax, telephone

D. TIME AND NUMBERS


Ada 5 soal yang harus dikerjakan. Karena cuma 5 soal jika salah 2 soal saja, maka point yang
diperoleh Cuma 60 % (Tidak lulus). Hati-hati dan jangan sampai salah dalam mengerjakan soal
Time and Numbersini.

CHOOSE HOW TO SAY THIS NUMBER (THE CORRECT SPELLING IS INSIDE BRACKET
WITH RED COLOR)
1. Last year the company had a market share of 10.3% (TEN POINT THREE PERCENT)
2. 1/4 Of the seafarers in my company come from Ukraine (ONE QUARTER)
3. 50% of all major pollution claims involve ships which are not carrying oil cargoes (FIFTY
PERCENT)
4. The SART operates on frequency band 9 GHz (NINE GIGAHERTZ)
5. We can meet at 10 a.m. tomorrow and discuss this question (TEN IN THE MORNING)
6. New crew joined the vessel 2 days before sailing to familiarize themselves with the vessel (A
COUPLE OF)
7. Their company has 1,200 employees (ONE THOUSAND TWO HUNDRED)
8. The sea makes up 7/10 of the earths surface (SEVEN TENTHS)
9. You must arrive at the airport at 0010 hrs (JUST AFTER MIDNIGHT)
10. Around 70% the worlds fleet is still coated with TBT base paint systems (SEVENTY PERCENT)
11. It was noticed that package number 167 had been opened (ONE SIX SEVEN)
12. The total number of worldwide reported pirate attacks dropped to 276 this year (TWO HUNDRED
AND SEVENTY SIX)
13. The cargo was loaded on Tuesday 21st April (TWENTY FIRST)
14. Tanker accidents account for only 6% of the total amount of oil which enters the sea (SIX
PERCENT)
15. For more information on reducing or preventing oil pollution, see page 389. (THREE HUNDRED
AND EIGHTY NINE)

E. PRONUNCIATION
Ada 10 soal pronunciation yang harus dikerjakan, yaitu contohnya antara lain:

CHOOSE THE WORD WITH A DIFFERENT SOUND (THE CORRECT WORD IS IN RED
COLOR)
1. Phone, Phenomenon, Photo, POUND
2. POOR, Pour, Restore, Four.
3. SIZE, Spirit, Figure, Midship.
4. Card, Barge, MATCH, Large
5. Celsius, Cigar, CARGO, Celebrate,
6. Could, NAIL, Half, Talk
7. Lighting, Bright, FITTING, Pipe
8. CHARGE, Crack, Bucket, Lack
9. CHRONOMETER, Chamber, Discharge, Chart
10. Gym, General, GAME, Age
11. Below, Overflow, COW, Throw
12. Dress, Assess, Messman, ACCESS
13. PALLET, Ball, Small, Wall
14. Bathroom, Health, WEATHER, Thruster
15. BAG, Ring, Wing, Long
16. Function, Essential, Tension, MAINTAIN
17. Trim, Rig, Pin, HORIZON
18. School, Ache, REACH, Stomach,
19. Write, CIRCUIT, Tight, Night
20. Begin, VEGETABLE, Gas, Grind
21. This, THERMOMETER, Thinner, Theft
22. Pollution, Attention, PREVENTIVE, Precaution
23. CHARGE, Crack, Lack, Bucket
24. KEEP, Knock, Knob, Knife
25. EAR, Fly, Buy, Eye
26. FINGER, Grind, Find, Mild
27. Snow, Low, HOW, Go

F. READING
Rata-rata ada 6 kata pilihan ganda yang harus di insert dalam soal reading ini.
Berikut adalah kumpulan soal reading yang beserta jawabanya:

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION
Spontaneous combustion can occur when packed cargoes such as coal,
hemp, copra and grain are carried especially if these have been loaded
in damp conditions. In the centre of these cargoes there is very little
ventilation to supply a cooling effect and the natural heat generated
can rise to such a degree that it causes combustion of the material.
Due to the restriction of oxygen supply, this will just smoulder for a
considerable time until part of the cargo is removed. Then by admitting
additional air, the cargo could burst into flames. Stowage of engine
room stores is important since materials such as cleaning rags, cotton
waste, sawdust can all cause spontaneous combustion especially if
they are stored next to the various
chemicals carried on board ships.

LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES
Lifeboats are the primary means of escape from a vessel in distress,
however operations involving the lowering of lifeboats are potentially
hazardous. Lifeboats must be launched and exercised in the water
once every three months. If the vessel is equipped with free fall
lifeboats, launches are required six monthly. It is important tomaintain
the lifeboats falls and davits as per manufacturer's manual. Release
systems must be properly adjusted, regularly maintained, correctly
operated and tested regularly. Failure to do this can lead to a
malfunction of the release equipmentresulting in the boat being
released prematurely or alternatively not being released. Training must
be carried out to ensure that all crewmembers are familiar with the
correct operation of this type of equipment.

SECURITY LEVELS
The term "security levels" is used to quantify the risk of a potential
security incident. There are 3 security levels:
Level 1 is considered as normal with minimum routine security
measures in place.
Level 2 is where an increased risk of security incident exists. In this
case there areadditional security measures taken over and above
those at level 1.
Level 3 is the highest level and this is where a security incident
or threat against a port, port facility, or ship is probable or imminent.
Instructions will normally be given by those responding to the incident
and generally normal operations will stop. If the security level changes
the Master will be advised by the vessel's flag Administration,
Company Security Officer of the port. In turn the Ship Security Officer
will ensure that all crew are made aware of the level along with their
duties.

SECURITY
Threats to the security of ships and crews are always present, whether
it be theft, stowaways, piracy, terrorism, bomb threats or drug
smuggling. The security of the shipis in the interest of everyone on
board. The ship has a security plan which gives the SSOassistance in
organizing effective security and practical guidance in procedures and
precautions. A Ship Security Officer is appointed onboard and is
responsible to the Master for all security issues and for conducting
regular security training on board for the crew. Everyone on board has
a duty to ensure that the vessel is kept as secure as possible and that
any suspicious activities, persons or packages are reported
immediately to the SSO.

DANGEROUS MATERIALS AND GOODS


Many materials used on board ships have health and safety
implications for personnel handling them. All dangerous materials are
only to be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Chemicals must always be handled with great care and personal
protective equipment utilized. This equipment is to consist of eye
protection,rubber gloves and an apron. Care is to be taken not to
breathe chemical vapours. Proprietary eye wash liquid is to be
available as a first aid measure to remove chemicals from the eyes.
EMERGENCY PARTIES
An Emergency Party is selected from the most suitable officers and
ratings on the ship. Usually several emergency parties are formed,
such as Bridge Party, Engine Room Party, First Aid Party and Fire-
Fighting Party. Regular alarm testing must be used as an opportunity
for all on board to learn to recognize the signal for activating the
emergency team. This is particularly important where confusion may
arise from different alarms. Suitable locations are to be designated for
the Emergency Parties to muster at. They must have reasonable
access to the upper deck, the accommodation and machinery spaces.
The Emergency Party is to muster at a location where emergency
equipment is readily available.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT


Personal Protective Equipment will not in itself prevent an accident but
will help toprevent injury. Any person who may be required to wear or
use protective clothing or equipment is to be properly trained or
instructed in its use and advised of any limitations of its use. Protective
clothing and equipment are to be issued to each employee or kept in
an easily accessible and clearly marked location. Any defects are to be
reported immediately. Note that items such as scarves, sweatbands,
casual headgear, loose clothing, finger rings, necklaces and other
jewellery can be extremely hazardous. These objects can get caught in
moving machinery, power tools or when working with ropes or lines. If
the necessary PPE is not available for use, work must not be carried
out or permitted.

OIL SPILL
Half of all major pollution claims arise from incidents on ships that are not carrying oil
cargoes spillages of bunker oil and collision account for over one third of the total
number of pollution claims. All ships' personnel must ensure that all necessary
precautions are taken and that proper procedures are strictly followed during all oil
transfer operations. A close watch must be maintained during these operations to
ensure that any escape of oil does not go unnoticed. All vessels must carry oil spill
removal equipment which includes sorbents, non sparking hand scoops, shovels, and
buckets, emulsifiers for deck cleaning, protective clothing, scupper plugs, portable
pumps with hoses, etc. The equipment must be kept in a convenient storeroom and
must not be used for any other purpose.

SAFE WELDING
If welding or flame-cutting are needed in areas other than in the workshop you
should receive a Permit to Work. Where portable lights are required to provide
adequate illumination, they should be clamped or secured in position.Adequate
ventilation should be provided when welding in enclosed spaces. Breathing
apparatus may be needed. Welding equipment should be inspected before use
to ensure that it is in serviceable condition. All repairs should be carried out by
a competent person. Protective clothing including welding helmet, or goggles,
leather welding gloves, leather apron and long-sleeved boiler suit must be worn
by the operator. The area of work should be free of combustible solids, liquids
or gases. Suitable fire extinguisher should be kept at hand ready for use during
the operation.

WORK ON ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS


Prior to work involving maintenance and testing of electrical circuits, a Permit to
work is to be completed. This involves work where there is a danger of shock
that could result in injury or death. It should be remembered that such injury can
be caused at voltages as low as 60V.
It also involves work on electrical circuits of any voltage where there is a
risk of flammable vapors being present. This will involve all work outside the
main accommodation block and machinery spaces on vessels carrying
dangerous cargoes. Care is to be taken to isolate the equipment at source
wherever possible and to follow the Lock-out/Tag-out procedures.

MEDIA
During serious incidents many telephone calls may be made to the ship. The
Master must clearly identify the caller before passing on any
information.Unauthorized callers must be referred to the Company for
information. The media in particular will persist in trying to obtain as much
information as possible. Only the Master must speak to them. Information passed
must only be the minimum necessary and is to be factual. Information, which is
found to bemisleading, can be very damaging to the management of the
incident. The Master must ensure that no other Officer or crewman speaks to the
media. At no time must anyone comment on the cause of the incident.

ENCLOSED SPACE ENTRY


An enclosed space includes tanks for cargo, ballast, fuel, fresh water, cofferdams
etc. However any enclosed space is to be considered as dangerous if that space
has been closed for an extended period without any ventilation.Such spaces
may be oxygen deficient or be filled with toxic fumes from cargoes, fuel or even
paint and chemicals. An inspection by Master and Chief engineer is to be carried
out in order to identify all spaces which through lack of regular use or any other
reason may be considered dangerous. These spaces are to be
clearly marked with appropriate warnings, stating that enclosed space entry
procedures must be followed. No person must enter an enclosed space, unless
a permit has been issued by a
senior officer and all precautions have been taken along with adequat
e safety equipment and personnel on stand-by in case of emergency.

KEEPING WATCH AT THE GANGWAY


All visitors must be asked to show identification. Details will then be entered into
the visitors' logbook and a pass issued. Random checking of persons and
their belongings is to be carried out as per the security plan and the security
level in force. Personal checks can be assisted by the use of a hand-held metal
detector. During a check any weapons or anything that could be considered
assuspicious or looks unusual should be treated as a security alert. If in doubt
request the advice of the Officer of the Watch or the Ship Security Officer. If the
person refuses to allow his bags suspicious then they and their baggage must
not be allowed on board. If a visitor refuses to show his identification or if you
suspect the identification document to be false you should contact the Officer of
the Watch or the SSO.

RISK ASSESSMENT
Risk Assessment is a relatively simple task and is a careful examination
of potential hazards during onboard activities. During this examination,
precautions already in place can be identified and decisions made as to
whetheradditional precautions may be required. The aim is to prevent at
leastminimize the chances of accidents or incidents .Assessments are
requiredfor all critical operations on board. An operation which may be
considered as "routine" with minimal risk in normal conditions may present
a higher risk where conditions change, for example bad weather or
machinery failure. Day to day operations are to be included as well as all
other critical operations including unusual or infrequent tasks.

STOWAWAYS
Stowaways are usually desperate people trying to flee their country due to
political unrest or war. They hide onboard and can create many problems but if
discovered they should be treated with reasonable
respect and consideration.Stowaways can board in any country but are
prevalent in West Africa, Central America and in places where there may be
political problems. To assist checking for stowaways a checklist is to be used for
routine and final inspection. The checklist contains all spaces where a
stowaway could possibly hide. Crews are urged to carry out through
searches of hard-to-reach positions on the ship.

FIRE PREVENTION
Nearly all fires which have happened on board ships could have been avoided.
Fire-fighting on board is difficult and dangerous owing to the confined
areas inwhich the fire may be tackled and restricted means of escape. These
difficulties and dangers can be greatly reduced with the regular exercising and
training in the drills. Good housekeeping in all areas of the ship is essential for
fire prevention. Strictly observe smoking regulations. Private electrical equipment
is only to be used if the equipment is type approved. When such equipment is not
in use they must be switched off and disconnected from the power source.
Laundry equipment is to be switched off when not in use. Spillages of oil, paint,
solvents or other flammable liquids are to be cleaned up immediately and rags
disposed of correctly.

HOUSEKEEPING
Good housekeeping is important for safe work on board. All areas must
be kept clean, dry, free of rubbish, and free from slipping and tripping hazards.
The right tools should be used for each job, and they must be kept in good
order. To avoid any accidents tools, materials, spares and other supplies
should be stowed securely and correctly. When you work it is necessary to have
sufficient lighting. All alleyways, escape routes and emergency exits must not
be obstructed. If there are some leaking pipes or fittings any leakage should be
traced and stopped. Any spills must be cleaned up immediately. Oil soaked rags
and other flammable materials are potentially hazardous and must be disposed of
in fireproof receptacles.

EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Anyone on board who discovers an emergency must first activate the nearest
alarm switch. He must ensure that the Deck Officer on duty is informed
without delay as to the nature and location the emergency, and then proceed
to his Emergency Station. In the case of a minor fire, after the alarm has been
raised, an attempt should be made to tackle it with minor fire appliances. In
case of a more serious fire, doors should be shut and the area secured before
evacuating it. All alarm signals are shown on the Muster List. It is essentialthat
all crew members are aware of the meaning of the various alarm signals in use
on board. In all cases, signals are to be backed up with information on the
ship's public address system, where fitted.

CONFINED SPACES
When entering confined spaces, the atmosphere may be dangerous to health or
even fatal. It may be
deficient in oxygen and may contain flammable or toxic fume vapors. A
competent person should make an assessment of the space and a responsible
officer should be designated to take charge of the planned operation. It is vitally
important to identify the potential hazards. The space must be prepared and
secured for entry and the atmosphere inside should betested. No sources of
ignition should be taken into the space. In all cases,rescue and resuscitation
equipment should be positioned ready for use at the entrance to the space. A
system of communication should be agreed and tested to ensure that any
person entering the space can keep in contact withthe person stationed at the
entrance.

MOBILE PHONES AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT


There is a strong possibility of shipboard electronics malfunctioning because
of interference caused by the use of mobile telephones. This can be potentially
very dangerous. Sensitive equipment such as fire alarm and gas detection
systems are particularly prone to interference from other
electronic equipment.Masters are required to identify the critical areas on the
vessel and ensure a sign is posted regarding restrictions on the use of portable
phones during critical periods. Areas where restrictions may be necessary
include: the navigation bridge and the engine control room during maneuvering;
and the cargo control room during cargo operations in the vicinity of the steering
gear.
SECURITY ON BOARD
Practical measures must be taken to reduce security risks. Before
entering ports, Masters must remind their crew about their own
personal security both on board and on shore. Every crewman must
ensure that his/her cabin is kept locked. When in port, a good gangway
and deck watch must be maintained. Access to the ship must be
limitedone point whenever possible. Rope ladders, including pilot
ladders are not to be left over-side. Regular checks all round the ship
are to be made with attention to the off-shore side as well as the
shore-side. Watchmen must carry torches and must keep in radio
contact with the officer-of-the-watch.

WORKING ALOFT
Special precautions should be taken when working aloft. Where possible, staging or a
ladder should be used and secured firmly. A safety harness and lifeline must be used.
If possible a safety net should be rigged. Tools should be carried up in secure
containers or belts specially designed for carrying tools to prevent them falling and
causing injury to anyone. The area below the work site should be roped offwith
warning signs stating that people are working aloft. Care should also be taken when
working aloft that tools are placed securely to prevent them dropping on
anyone. Hazards should be identified, such as the ship whistle, radars, antennae,
which should all be isolated while aloft and "Do not operate" signs should be placed
on them.

GARBAGE DISPOSAL
Under Annex V of the MARPOL Convention, garbage includes all kinds of food and
domestic and operational waste generated during normal operation of the vessel.
A Garbage Management Plan is obligatory on board the ship. This plan is adapted to
meet any ship-specific requirements. Each new member of the crew must receive full
instruction and training in the management of ships garbage and waste. This is to
include collection, separation, processing, storage and disposal. The Garbage
Management Plan is reviewed regularly to ensure that it remains effective.
The Garbage Disposal Record must include information with regard to when garbage
is discharged into the sea, To reception facilities ashore or to another ship, when
garbage is incinerated and anyaccidental or exceptional discharge of garbage.

Diposkan oleh Zie Ahmadi di 08.09


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1 komentar:
1.

Alex Alex20 Desember 2016 07.55

Thanks
Balas

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