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IJSRD - International Journal for Scientific Research & Development| Vol.

4, Issue 05, 2016 | ISSN (online): 2321-0613

Wireless Energy Protocol using Multi-Hop Data Transmission to


Enhance Lifetime of a Network
Junaid Mushtaq1 Danvir Mandal2
1
M.Tech. Student 2Professor & Head of Dept.
1,2
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
1,2
CGCTC Jhanjeri, Chandigarh
Abstract Routing is defined as the process of finding the was not taken in consideration. In traditional work the
route for data transmission in the network. In wireless sensor communication was done after every round. Due to which
network various sensor nodes are present that are used for the the energy consumption is more that decrease the network
sensing, computing and communication. An external mobile lifetime. So there is a need to find some solution for the
sink is present that is used for the communication with the problem for the efficient routing in the network. The
nodes directly. Previously the static sink approach was used protocol should be proposed that will enhance the
but had some limitations so later this was replaced by the performance of the network.
mobile sink approach but still the problem of minimizing of
the energy consumed and increasing the lifetime of the III. OBJECTIVES
network exist today. Traditionally various protocols like The main objective of the proposed work is described
LEACH, DECC etc. were used. So in this proposed work the below:
VGDRA routing algorithm is enhanced. To resolve the 1) To introduce the new cluster head selection method to
problem of traditional VGDRA problem the event driven improve the efficiency of the network.
based strategy is used for the data transfer, the energy will be 2) To introduce event driven based data transfer strategy
only released when it is required. By this the energy which will increase the network lifetime.
consumption of the system decrease and the life time the
network is increased The proposed method is considered to
IV. PROPOSED METHODOLOGY
be efficient as the energy consumption is minimum and the
life time of the network is increased from the results obtained
it is observed that the proposed method of routing is an
efficient approach for the route selection. Along with this the
selection of the Cluster head is done on the basis of the
weight value. A comparison is performed between the
traditional and the proposed routing algorithm form which it
is concluded that the proposed method is efficient and better
than the traditional routing algorithm.
Key words: Routing, EEP, VGDRA, LEACH, DEEC

I. INTRODUCTION
Routing is defined as the process of finding the route for
data transmission. The nodes can communicate directly with
each other or with the help of an external mobile sink.
Mobile sink concept was introduced to overcome the
drawback of the static sink, with the help of the mobile sink
the energy consumption of the network is reduced and the
life time is also increased. In this the selection of the Cluster Fig. 1: Flow chart of our proposed methodology
head is done on the basis of the weight values. Along with The methodology of the proposed work is described below:
this the concept of event driven is used that will increase the 1) First of all the network parameters will be initialized
life time of the network by reducing energy consumption. like network area, number of nodes to be deployed and
the energy parameters like initial energy of nodes,
II. PROBLEM STATEMENT transmission energy, reception energy, data
As we know that for formation of network we need to find aggregation energy etc.
the route between all the nodes coming in the network, for 2) Then multiple gridding of the network will be done
this purpose routing is done. Routing is defined as moving and nodes will be deployed in that multiple grids.
of information from source to destination. Along the way, at 3) The cluster head will be then selected for each cluster.
least one intermediate node is observed which can be The proposed approach will be used for selection of
referred to as medium for sending packets from source and cluster head and this approach will improve the
destination. The major problem of using this protocol is that efficiency of network. As the cluster head selection is
the node that are located far from the centre choose long done on the basis of the weight values.
route for the communication, due to static routing that 4) The communication will be done between the nodes
results in increase in the distance and the energy and the cluster head. The energy dissipation of nodes
consumption was more. Also the cluster head was chosen on will depend on this distance between nodes and cluster
the basis of the distance from the sink, energy of the node head.

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Wireless Energy Protocol using Multi-Hop Data Transmission to Enhance Lifetime of a Network
(IJSRD/Vol. 4/Issue 05/2016/090)

5) The performance parameters will then be calculated routing protocol is better and more efficient than the
like first dead node, last alive node etc. these traditional routing protocol. As the energy consumption is
parameters will define the lifetime of the network. decreased and also the lifetime of the network is increased.
6) The comparison between the results of the In addition to this the weight value are used for the selection
conventional approach and the proposed approach will of the cluster head that increased the stability of the
be done using MATLAB. The efficiency of the network. Along with this the Comparison between the
proposed technique will be proved. traditional and the proposed algorithm is made is made from
which it is concluded that this method is efficient.
V. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS
B. Future Scope
1) The graph given below is the comparison between the As the proposed approach is considered to be efficient than
old VGDRA approach and the proposed VGDRA the traditional routing algorithm in future the present
approach on the basis of the first dead node. From the technique can be further enhanced. The route selection
graph it is concluded that the proposed method is method can be enhanced. The method of routing should
efficient than traditional approach. The life time of the increase the life time of network and the energy
network is more as the nodes remain alive for more consumption of the network is reduced. . In future this
round. technique can be further enhanced. The selection of the
route should be done in the more efficient way so that the
energy consumption of the network is reduced and the life
time of the network is improved.

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