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Ivid, Aleksa

Osrpskora i hrvatskom imenu


fp. AJIEKCA MBMTi:

O CPnCKOM
XPBATCKOM
MMEHy

UEHA 2 mU.

HSJlMbE KHdPDKAPHHUE
C. B. UBHjAHOBMTiA, BEOrPA^K.
jlp. AJIEKCA HBMTi

O CPnCKOM H
XPBATCKOM
MMEHY

UEHA 2 m^.

H3MH5E KlbM>K;PHMUE
C. B. UBMJAHOBMTiA, BEOFPA/l.
1922.
SEP 27 1958
cpncKOM H xpeaxcKOM
HMeny
I.

Jy)KHH C.noBeHH, y BpeMe ceo6e h3 ceeepHe


npaAOMOBHHe CBOJe Ha Ba.iKaHCKO no/iyocxpBO,
HHcy AOiu-TH Kao MCTHpii n.ieMCHa Kao cjio-
BenaHKo, xpeaxcKO, cpncKo h dyrapcKo n.ieMe
OA KOJHx 6h cBaKO HMe Me^y npeuMMa Ha-
lUHM saysHMa.io osaj AaHaiuftH pasMep. Hajcxa-
piije BecxH HasMBajy cjiOBencKe Aoce.^eHHKe he
Ba.iKaHy sajeAHUHKHM HMenoM C.ioBeHH, a.iH
cy ce C.ioBeHH Beh y ceBepnoj aomobhhh cBojoj
Ae.iHJiH Ha MHora n.ieMena, oa kojhx je ceaKo
njieMe HMa.io CBOje nocedno hmc, Kao Ahxh,
/lyjbedH, ByH<aHH, CMOJbaHH, FlOj-baHH, na cy h
OHM Cjiobchh, KOJH AO^oiiie Ha BajiKaH, nonejiH
C060M H CBOJe njieMCHCKe 4)opMauHJe h CBOja
njie.vieHCKa iiMena.
Mecxo ce Aora^ajio, Aa je oho c.ioBeHCKo
njiCMe, Kojece OAJiHKOBa.io xpa6poiijfcy m.ih
ApyrHM Bp.iHHaMa, ancopdoBajio Apyra, cyceAHa
n.ieMeHa 11 HMe CBOje npoiuHpH.io h na h>hx.
TaKo je nojeAHHO n.ieMencKO HMe nocxa.io yKynan
HasHB 3a BHiue njieMena. Taj npouec iiiHpeH>a
H HecxajaH>a n.ieMeHCKHx HMena xpajao je y ceBep-
Hoj sajeAHHMKOj AOMOBHHH, a HacxaBHo ce H Ha
Ba.aKany, kea ce npeuH AaHaiuH>Hx jy>KHHX Cjig-
sena AOCcjiHiue y caAaiiiH>e seivijbe CBoje. nosnaxa
cy naM [13 npBHX Aana cjioBCHCKor >KHBOTa Ha
Ba.iKany MHora njiewcHCKa HMCHa, Koja cy ce y
TOKy BjDeMCHa H3ry6H;ia, jep cy xa njicMena npH-
:xBaTH;ia APyro hmc. Kao npuMep HaBemhy n;ie-
jvieHCica HMena jy>KHHx CjioneHa: /I,pyryBHTe, Ca-
ryAaic, Be/ieresHxe, Bajyuiiie, BpsHie h Apyre.
Meljy OBHM MHoro6poJHHM cjioBCHCKiiM njie-
juenHMa HajiasHJia cy h n.ficMeHa Cp6a h
ce
XpBaia. npBo6nTHH Cp6n
cxaHOBajiH cy no
npecejbeH>y na Ba;iKaHCKO Flo.iyocxpBO iia JiHMy
H Ha ropifcoj APWHH, Ha FIhbh h Tapn, y ao.ihhh
M6pa H ys ropH>H xok sanaAHe Mopase xe ce
noA yxHuajcM hojimxhmkhx Aora^aja nonejio
OAaxjie iiiHpHXH cpncKO iiwe h y Apyre KpajeBe.
XpBaxcKO njiCMe cxanoBa.io je y icpajesHMa oko
K.iKca, Tpornpa, npHAiopcicor BeorpaAa h Hiina.
Ha jyry m HCxoKy 6iiJic cy KpaJH>e xpsaxcKe
jKyne Mwoxa, L^exHHa, JIhbho h rijieea (caAa
pcKa n.iHBa y Bochh), a na ceBepoaanaAy aohh-
pajiH cy XpBaxH cbc ao ncxapcF<HX njiauHHa. Ms
OBHX KpajeBa je y KacHHJHM Bpe.MeHiiMa hmc xp-
BaxcKO xBaxajio KopeHa h no ApyrHM KpajeBHwa
Oa CBHx njieMencKHX HMCHa
jy>i<Hiix Ciobc-
iia OApHvauie ce jcahho HMena Cp6a h Xpsaxa.
rioA yximajcM xpHuihaHcxBa h Kyjixype h noA
yxMuajeM no.iHinHKHx Aora^aja pacyuue ce i\
iiuiMeBHyuie nr.eMCHCKe (fjopiMauHJe jy>KHHX Oio-
Bena, ajin njseMeHCKa HMena CpOa h XpBaxa
j'.aAM(HBenie njicMencKe noAe.ie y nanieM napoAy.
Hcxo4Ha n.neweHa SajiKancKnx cjioBencKHx ao-
ce/beHHKa cxonHme ce ca hohxckhm XyHKMa
H.TH ByrapHMa y jeAan HapoA h yaeme 6yrap-
CKO HMC 3a HapoAHo HMC CBoje. SanaAHa n^ie-
Mena jy>KHnx OioBena M0AH(J3HUHpauje BpeMe-
HOM SajeAHHMKO HMC CJIOBCHCKO y CJI0BeHaMK0**
II xo MMe yaeme sa HapoAMo hmc CBOje. I4eH-
xpyM jy>KHwx CjiOBena onpeAejbMBao ce noA
pasHHM yxHuaje.M sa Hwe Cp6nH ujivi sa HMe Xpeax.
ripH OBOM onpeACJbHBaifey npecyAHy h HaJBa>KHHJy
pcM cy BOAH-ie AP>KaBa, upKea h lUKo.ia.')

II.

ripouec onpeAejbHBaita Hamer HapoAa aa


cpncKO HjIH sa xpBaicKO hmc, npouec mHpeH>a thx
HMCHa HH Ao AaHac HHJe saepuieH. Taj npouec oxe-
>KaH je H ycnopeH CTO.ieiHHM po6oBaH>eM Hamer
Ha poAa noA TypuHiwa. 3a ipajaHja xypcKeynpaBe
HacTa;ie cy 6ttJ\e xeuiKe npHJiHKe h aa Cp6e h
3a XpBaxe. TypuHMa cy h Cpdn h XpsaxH, h
onpeAeJbCHH h HeonpcAejbeHH iy>KHH Ciobchh,
6n.in jeAHO hcxo
paja H>HX0Ba. Y xhm xciukhm
BpeA\eHHMa cxeopHO ce jeAan xaoc oa MMena h
OA no'Moea. M npeuH AanaiuftHx Xpsaxa h npeuH
AaHauiH^Hx Cp6a HasHsaHH cy Hajpas.iHHHHJHM
HMeHHMa, na cy ii ohh caMH cede pasHO.iHKO
Ha3HBa:iH. M Icahh h ApyrH 6h;ih cy noA Typ-
UHMa decnpaBHo po6jbe, a hh hoa AycxpHJOM hm
HMJe 6h.io MHoro 6o;be xe cy HMa.iM ji^ajieKO
npeHHx dpHra uero Aa npeHHuiha^ajy noJMOBe o
HapOAHOM HMCHy CBOMC.
HapoAH H njicMCHa pasjiHKyjy ce Me^y co-
6oM no HauHOHajiHMM H HjieMeHCKHM aiMd/ieMHMa
CBOJHM. Lilxo jeAaH HapoA HMa bhiuc OA-fiHKa h
ocooHHa CBOJHX, XHM je jiaKuie vcxaHOBHxii H>e-
roBe npHnaAHHKe. HajodHHHHJe h HajnoysAaHHJe
MepHJio 33 OApeijHBafte npunaAHOcxH jeAHOM
HapoAy jecxe jesHK. Me^yxHM Cpdn h Xpsaxw
roBope MCXHM je3HK0M xe ce Ha obom xeMCJby
we MO>Ke H3BpuiHXH HOAejia Hauler napoAa y
Cp6e H XpBaxe. CpncKo n;ieMe je ripHMH^io npa-
BOCjiaBHy, a xpBaxcKO pHMOKaxo.iHHKy Bepy, h xa

1) UHTepecaHTHo je, Aa RssecHii BHaaHTHjCKR nHCUH Memajy o6a


esa n.iencHa, Cp6a h Xpsara, na je^Ha Hcra n.ieMeHasoBy h jcahbh h
XpyrHM HacHOM. XaKo SoHapa h CKH.iHiiec, nMiiiyhn o pary Kpa^a
Maiaii.id, oi;a EoAHHosa, Kojii je iioc.iao BOjCky y BvrapcKy npoTiiB
BiiaaHTiiHaua, se.te
: .HapoA Xpaara, Koje hckh h Cn<$Miia aoay* n
,Hapo>( Cp6a, Koje n XpsaTHMa aosy*'
pasjiHKa y eepu nrpajia je OA-'iyMny yjiory npH
lUHpeity hbHXOBHX HMCHa.
CpdH cy npHJiaroAHJiH npaBocjiaBuy eepy
CBOJHAi npHJiHKaMa H CBOJHM norjicAHMa, BesajiH
cy 3a BepcKe odpeae Macy napoAHnx odMMaja h
yHejiH y BepcKH >khbot cboj mhofo HauHJOHaji-
HMx npHMeca, kojmx Hewa. koa ApyrHx cjieA^e-
HHKa npaBOCJiaBue Bepe. MehyrHM ohh jy>KHH
CjioeenH, KOjH cTanyjy na iipocTopy nsMel^y
npBo6HTHor cpncKor m npB:t6HTHor xpsaxcKor
njicMCHa H KOJH cy npMMH.nii npaBocJiaBJBe, npn-
xBaxiiJiH cy ca npaBocJiaBiiOM aepoM h cbc one
HauHJOHajiHC npHMece, icoje h Cp6H yHecouie y
cBOJe BepoHcnoBeAaH>e. ^a ce jacHHJe HspasHM :

iiJieMe cpncKo h n.TCMe xpnaTCKO mije npeoouxHO


rpaHHMHJio jeAHO c APyrHM. Ha npociopy M3Me^y
HbHx H Ha npocTopy ceBepHo oa ftux najiasHO
ce BCTHKH 6poj iyjKHiix CiioBena join neonpefle-
jbCHHx HSMe^y la ABa HMena, anH cy h obh jy^cHH
Caobchh 611JIM BepcKH noAejbenH na npaBocjiaene
H Ha pHMOKaxoJiHKe. CjieA^eHHUH npaBocjiaBue
upKBe Ha xoA\e npocxopy npHXBaxHJiH cy, KaKO
Hajcxapuje bccxh it^iiMa CBeAone, ca npaBocjiaB-
HOM BepoM H cue o6HMaje h Apyre a.MS.ie.Me, Koje
Ha;ia3HM0 koa npaBOCJiaBHHX Cpoa, Kao Ha np.:
ynoxpe6y iiHpHjiHue, ysHMaHae cneu,!ijajiHHx, mhcxo
cpncKHx HMena hphjihkom Kpuixett>a, a xaKo^e h
npe3HMeHa, npocJiaBy KpcHor wMena, OApwasaibe
6o>kh1ihhx HapoAHHx o6HMa.ia h x. a- Ajih npH-
rpjiHBuiH CBC ocxa;ie aM^JiCMe npaBOCJiaBHHX
Cpda, HHcy obh naiiiH npaBocjiaBHH npeuM ycBO-
JHJiH H cpncKO HMe, HJiH 6ap xo cpncKO HMe
HHJe npoApJio y cae cjiojese ApyiuTBeue Kao je-
Aan npeMHuiheH h yxBp^en nojaM, Hero cy ny-
mrajiH, as hx cyceAH nasHBajy najpasJiHMHHJHM
HMCHHMa na cy ce h ohh caMH pa3HHM MMenHMa
osHanaBajiH. Me^y xhm pa3HHM HMeHHMa (5h.io
je pasyMe ce, h cpncKO hmc, a;iH cpncKO hmc
HHJe (5h;io hh Hajnemhe, a hckmo ah AOMHHaHXHO.
.

yspoK THM pa3HifM HMCHifMa ;ie>Kao je y


HHCKOJ Ky.iTypH Kao H y tomc, lUTO ce y npo-
ui.THM BpeMCHHMa TJiaBHa na>K}fca oopaha/ia na
Bepy, a Hapo^HOCT je 6ho nojaM cnopeAHor
3HaHaia. Hnje y tom norJieAy 6o.i>e 6iiJ\o hh no
ApyriiM 3eAUfi.aMa. JbyAH cy ce o6h4HO 03HaHH-
eajiH n uasneajiH no npeACJinwa hjih no sanM-
MaftHA\a HJiH no cTajie>Ky, a naJMeiuiie no BepH
CBojoj. MAeja HauMJ0Ha.TH3iv\a AoGn.ia je leK
ca (^paHuycKOM peBOJiyiuijoM AaHauiH.H sna-
Haj CBOJ.

111.

Cpoe y yrapcKoj nasHBajy ncTopujcKH cno-


MCHHUH cBe AO cpeAHHe XVIll. CTO-ieha Pacnn-
jaHHMa (Rasciani, Ratzen, raczok, no Pacy, ;ia-
THHCKH Apca, rpaAy crapHX PHMJbana koa Aa-
HaujH,er HoBor Ilasapa). Oa cpeAHHe XVIII. bckh
HajeAHOM HiuHeaaBa ns anaia 6eMKHx apxHBa hmc
PacuHJaHH sa yrapCKe Cp6e le ce, Mecxo tor
HMCHa, ynoxpecjJbaBa 3a ftHxnasMB Mjimph (oiy-
fla Il!irische Hof-Kanz!ei" h Illirische Hot-
Deputation", odiiacTH, Koje cy peuiaBa.'ie pasna
nHTafca o yrapcKHM ii xpBaxcKo-cjiaBOHCKHM
Cp6HMa). noHeiKOM XIX. ciojieha 0A6au;n.TH cy
y Beny HJiHpcKo hmc sa Cp6e le cy hx nasn-
BBJiH no BepHgriechisch-nicht-unirten, graeci non
uniti. TeK oa 1848. foahhc noMeBuin ycBojen je
V Beny nasHB Cp6n 3a Cp6e y AycTpo-YrapcKoj
MoiianxMJH.
y HSBeUlTaJHMa KaiO-THMKHX A\HCHJOHapa
TOKOM XVI. H XVII. BeKa nasHBajy ce Cp6H no-
waJMeiuhe lUHSMaiMUHMa. Hajo6HHHHJH nasHB aa
cpncKe AOce.fbeHHKe y XpnaTCKy n OiaBOHHJy
TOKOM XVI. H XVII. BeKa 6ho je Bjiacn (Valachi,
V/allachen), aaiHM ycKOUH (Uskoken), npHSesii
(Pribeggen, profugae), npeSenm TypuH (herli-
bergefallene hjih herOberentsprungene hjih
:

heriibergekommene Turggen). y /^ajiMauMJM cpn-


CKe /^ocejbeHHKe 30By Mop.iauHMa (Moriaken,
Murlaken, Morlaci.)
Cbmm thm MMCJiMMa nasMBajiH cy h Cp6H
caMH ce6e. Y jcahom nwcMy noyncrcMX Cp<5a o;^
5. jyjia 1596. nasHsajy ce norjiaBHi;e cpncKe
^xpHiuhancKHM CHHOBHMa" (Lopai(^, Spomenici
I. str. 214; JarnheB .-vrchiv, 30, crp. 211). Fo-
MHpcKM Cp6H iiasHBajy ce6e cxajiHo B-^acHMa"
N. und N. Khiiess, Vayuoden sambt den vbrigen
Wallachen zu Geomeria und Khlain Murauitza,
roAMHe 1607, 6eMKM paiHw apxHB, Prager Hof-
Kriegs-Raths-Acten; Radoi Mamulouitsch und N.
und N. die neuen Vsskhokhen zu Goimerie, 4.
HOB. 1608, jby6jbaHCKH seM. apxHB, Ansiedlung
der Uskoken; mcto laKO y nHCMHwa roMHpcKHX
Cp6a OA 1. (jjeSp. 1614. h 22. hob. 1617). >KyM-
6epaHKH Cp6H ce nasHBajy y .MHoroCpoJHHM
cnHCHwa H3 XVI. Bena ycKOUHMa, a rACKaA B:ia-
CHwa, Cp6H y C;iaBOHHjn ce nasMBajy BJiamKHM
CHHOBHMa" (5. HOB. 1662. My kraiue laskeh zvnow,
Vjesnik kr. zem. arh. XVIll. cxp. 133.; 10. asr. 1653.
My voyuode, offiseri y zudacz iuanechke po-
krayne uzeh vlaskih zinou, sarpeC. uaA^HCKyn-
CKM apxHB, Acta politica). EnHCKon cnaBOHCKMx
Cp6a MHJaKHh noinHcyje ce 19. asr. 1668. Ga-
briel Miakich, episcopus Valacoruin in Croatia"
Vjesnik kr. zem. ark XVlll. cxp. 149), EnHCKon
cjiaBOHCKHx Cp6a BpeTaH>a noinHcyje ce 19. iyna
1628 My Simeon Veretani, biskup vlaski."
(Vjesnik XVIII. cxp. 106).
Kpaj CBHX XMX pasHHx HMcna, Kojn.Ma hx
ApyrH HasHBajy h kojmm ce6e caMH nasHBajy
npeuH ASHamftHx npaBOCJiaBHHx Cp6a y Xpyar-
CKOJ H CaaBOHHJH, HecyMftHBo je Aa ce xy paAM
jbyAHMa, KOJH ce y xo Ao6a Beli hh no neiwy
HHcy pa3;iHK0Ba.aH oa Cp6a y Cp6MJH kjik y
LI,pHoj FopH. Bepa FbHxoBa 6H.na je npaBOCJiasHa,
MMena h npesHivieHa HjHxoBa cy cpncKa, ohh ce
9

c;iy>Ke hHpH.-iHUOM, CMaipajy nehcKor narpHJapxa


CBOJOM UPKBCHOM nOF.iaBHUOM, lIMajy KpCHO HMC
H AP>Ke cee cpncKe iiapOAHe odsinaje. Cp6h
>KyM6ep4aHH Ha np. npn AO.iacKy cbomc y >I<yM-
6epaK nociaB.'bajy nao jeAaH oa cbojhx saxieea,
Aa lie AO^y noA ynpasy Xpeaxa. Obh hcth ao-
cejbeHHUH y >KyM6epKy, noAHroiue ce 1551. ro-
AKHe na HOBy ceo6y. Xtcth cy, Aa ce OAcerje y
XojiHh Ha rpaiiHUH MayapcKo-MopaBCKOJ, Ha cna-
xHJiyke rieipa Ba^nha, Cp5iiHa LUyMaAHHua
(BaKHhH cy npeA MyxaMKy 6HTKy aouijih y
YrapcKy h3 Cp(5HJe, h3 Mecxa BeHMaua, Hv3Me^y
uiyMe JIoMHHue h noxoKa JacenHue). >Ky.M6ep-
HaHH cy MOXHBiicajiM Ha.Mcpy CBOJy xHwe, uixo je
BaKHh HOBCK H>HX0Be Bepe h kpbh (Laszowski,
Monumenta habsburgica III cxp. 520; apxHB jyr.
,

aKaAeMHJe, Acta extranea). FpaHHMapCKH aanoBCA-


HHUH Mopa.iH cy Aa ynoxpe6e HajeKeprnHHuje
Mepe, Aa ocyjexe HSBpuiefte OBe ceo6e >KyM6e-
paHKe riexpy BaKHhy.
CBe a.M6.ieMe npaBocjiaBHHx Cp(5a h ocehaj
sajeAHHue ca ocxajiKM Cp6HMa na.iasH.MO koa
npeAaKa AanaiuFbux xpBaxcKO-c.naBOHCKHx-npaRO-
c.iaBHHx Cp6a u koa npcAana AanamftHX >KyM6e-
paMKHx yHHJaxa XpBaxa. Me^yxHM hh HMe cpncKO
Hwje 6n;io Heno3Haxo xhm npeuHMa nauiHM.
>KyM6epaMKe AOcejbeHHKe xokcm 16. cxojieha
BpJlO MHOrH HCXOpHJCKI! CHOMeHHUH HaSKBajy
PacuHJaHHMa (Rasciani, Raciani), a xaKO^e m
Cp6nMa (Seruiani, Sirfen). Ha jcahom Mecxy
nHLue sa HjHx Aa cy Rasciani sive Sfrviani atque
Valachi, quos vulgo zrbschy vocant. Mcxo ce
xaKO Ha cxoxHHe h xo Ha MHore cxoxHHe AOKy-
Menaxa HajiasH, y KOJHMa ce npeuH Aanauitbiix
Cp6a y XpBaxcKoj h CJiaBOHHJH 30By PacuHJa-
HHMa H y KoJHMa ce bcjih sa Bjiaxe Aa cy ohm
Hcxo uixo H PacuHJaHH. TaKO h. np. rpo(j) 'Bop^e
SpHitCKH HasHBa 1602. roAHHe cnaROHCKe Cp6e
Valachi seu Rasciani (Starine, XXXV. cxp. 453.)
10

nana FlaBJie V. y noBCJbH oa 22. hob. 161 1. HasHsa


cpncKor cJiaBOHCKor B.JiaAHKy CuMeoHa BpeiaHby
episcopus Rascianorum catholicorum ritus greci
intra Ungarie, Sclavonie et Croatie fines et in
extremis Carniolae paitibus consistentium (Nilles,
Symbolae, !1. cip. 1058.) MasMancKH Kanioji
HHiue sa Cp6e y XpBaxcKoj h CjiaBOHHJH 25.
jaH. 1642. Valaciii sine Raschiani (Vjesnik, XVUl.,

cip, 1 14 1 18). FeoprHJe Fajjiep nasHBa xpBaiCKo-

cjiaBOHCKe Cpoe 27, jan. 1663. Seruiani**


(Vjesnik, XVlll., cip. 136). PycKn uap AjieKCHJe
MHxajjioBHh Ha M0.n6y jienaBHHCKnx Ka.ny^epa
HBflaje 1651. roAHHe noBeJby ManacTHpy Jlena-
BHHH H y HjO] Be.?lH, CBaKaKO npCMa HH(j)OpMaUHJH
THX Kajiy^epa, Aa ce JlenaBHHa Ha.ria3H y cpncKoj
3eM.nbH, KOA rpaAa KpH>KeBua. (Vjesnik, XVlil., cip.
94). HcTO laKO BJiaAHKa xpBaicKo-cjiaBOHCKHx h
>KyM6epaHKHx Cp6a BacHJiHJe npcAojeBnh y no-
BejbH OA 6. Aeu,. 1646. nasHBa ce6e enHCKon
CpgjbeM" (Vjesnik, XV., cip. 102).
y HCTOpHJCKHM HSBOpHMa CBC AO CpCAHHC
XIX. CTOJieha HHcaM HHFAe namao hh jeAaH je-
AHHH cjiynaj, Aa 6h hcko cjicA^eHHKe npaBOc.iaBHe
eepe y XpsaiCKoj, y CiiaBOHHJn hjih y Bochh
HasBEo XpBaiHMa, a joiu MaH.e a^ oh ohm ce6e
CaMH HaSBa.TH THM HMeHOM. XpBaxcKo HMe npH-
MHJiH cy jeAHHO noTOMUH >KyM6epaHKHx Cp6a,
aJiH cy H OHH nanycTH.iH npaBocjiaBJbe h npeiu.m
Ha yHHJy cpeAHHOM XVII. CTO.Jieha, a xpsaicKo
HMe yseJiH cy tck y APyroj hojIOBHHH XIX. BeKa,

IV.

JXanac cy cbh cjieA^eHWUH npaBocjiaBHc


Bepe Ha npociopy HSMei^y HeiAauiHser cpncKor h
HerAauifter xpBaiCKor njieMena ooinyHO onpe-
AejbeHH M TO CBH JiHCTOM cy npHXBaiH.iH cpn-
CKo HMe. KaiojiHUH HHcy nocByAa laKO
OAJiyHHO yaejiH xpsaiCKo HMe. y UpHoj Fopw h
11

y /^a;IMa^MjH, HapoHHTO y /^y6poBHH5<y h y oko-


jiHHH, Ha.iasH ce xH.T>aAaMaKaio-'iHKa, kojh ce
npHSHajy sa Cp6e. HeonpeAeJbeHH cy join y
BetiHHH cBOJoj H ByftcBUH Kao H liloKmi y Ba-
paFbH. JeAaH ago ByH^eBaua npuxBaia hmc xp-
BaicKo, HMa H jeAaH MaJiM ago, kojh ce CpoHMa
30Be, a;iM hh jeAHo hh Apyro HMe HHJe saxBa-
THJio Ay6jber KopeHa xe je BehHHa Byihcsana h
Aaiiac joui HeonpeAejbeHa.
M H3 npoui.iHx BCKOBa ca'iyBaHo je AOKy-
MeHaia, y KoJHMa ce no rACKojii KaxojiHUH Ha-
3HBajy Cp6HMa. Y 6eMK0A\ painoAi apxHBy BHine
aKaia us 1687. ao 1689. roA- roBOpe o ceo6H
ByH>eBaua h Hace.neH>y H>HxoBy y Kpajeae rAe
caA >KHBe, na le npeiKe AanauiH^nx ByibCBaua
naiuHx tiaanBajy cnoMCHyia aKia Kaio-TUHKHM
CpSuMa (katholische Ratzeii, Rasciani catholici).
H.iaHOBH cenaia y HerAaiiiHjOJ Ay^poBanKoj
peny6.iHUH 6h.ih cy k itojihuh, na Hnan upno-
ropcKH MHTpono.iHTH CaBa H BacHJiHJe Fleipo-
bhIih y nHCA\y cbom oa I. cenieM^pa 1763. MOJie
/lyopoBHaHe sa noMoh Aa yMHHHie namoj upkbh
H HapoAy HepHoropCKOM jeAHOM cyMOM OA acnpnx,
KaKO Cep6jiH CepCwMa h CBOJHJCiVia cyceAHMa"(Vje-
snik kr. zem. arkiva, XVI., cipana 225). Mcth
MHiponoTiHT CaBa neipoBMh nniue Ay^posaHKOM
ceHaiy 15. jyna 1767.: l\ Aparo naM je B.ia-
Aaftc Baiue, kojh ce bh joujie oa nauiera cpn-
CKora jesHKa naxoAHie, Kojii aanoBHJeAaTe" (o.
c. cip. 226), a 25. jyjia 1775. roAHHe riHuie
HCTOM cenaiy Ay6poBaHKOM: Bama CJiaBHa pe-
nyojiHKa ana, a^ je CBe rocnoACiBO h ciasa
cep6cKa na.fia h HHiuia HHJe ccTa.no ao sac.
KaKO jcAan ubhjct na Bac CBHJei . . MO>Ke ce
. ,

cep6cKa scMJba c saMa noHocHiH". (O.c.cip. 227.)


Kao lUTo cy Cp6H nasHBaHH na ce h ohh
ca.MH TOKOM XVI. AO XIX. BCKa HasHBajiH pas-
HHM HMeuMMa, Hcxa ja cyA^HHa npaTH.na je y
TO flo6a H XpBare. /Ja;iMaTHHCKH nncuH XVI.
12

11 XVIi. BCKH HasMBajy ce6e ti cbo] HapOA C.ioBe-


HHiWa. TaKO ce HasHBajy h cjiaBOHCKH Xpbbth
MaK H y XVIII. BCKy (HSMet^y Apyrux h MaiHJa
Ahtc PejiKOBHh, no3HaTH riecHHK cjianoHCKn).
y MHOrOOpOJHHM JlHCTHHaMa, y nHCMHMa n H3-
BciiiTa.JHMa KaTOJiHMKHx MHCMJOHapa H y ApyrMM
HCTOpHJCKHM CnOMeHHUHMa XVI. M XVI!. BCKa
npeuH AanaiJiH^Kx 6ocaHCKO-xepueroBaMKMx h
c.TaBOMCKHx XpBaia nasHBajy cc KaTo;iHUHMa"
H.TH xpHiijhaHHMa". Hh y je^HOM cnncy m3 thx
BCKOBa, y kojIIiko je mchh nosHaio, HHcy ohh
iiasBanw XpBaiHMa. CjiaBOHCKw XpBain 3BajiH
cy ce ocKM Tcra h LUoKUHMa, a.nn hh y je^-
HOM AOKyMCHTy OA CB11X, KOJM Cy MCHH AOIH-TH
AO pyKe, HHcy HasBann XpBaiHMa.
Ha lUHpeiby cpncKor m xpfiaiCKor HMCHa
MJiH, KaKo ce TO y oho Ao6a roBopujio, na 6y-
^eH^y cpncKe h xpBaicKe cbcctm, yMKH>eno je
BanpeAHo MHoro y Apyroj iio/iobhmm XIX. Bena.
Ma rHMHaoHJa m npenapaHAHJa xpnaicKHx h ca
xpBaicKor yHHuepsHTexa AO-'iaaM-iii cy y napoA
yHHiejbH, cseuiTeHHUH h mhhobhhuh, saAojeHu
xpBarcKHM AyxoM, xpuaxcKHM poAO.Jby6-TbeM. Y
MCTO BpeMe cy ii cpncKe rHMHasHJe HOBocaACKa
H KapjioBaMKa, aaiUM cpncKa KapjioeaMKa 6oro-
cjioBHJa H cpncKe npeiiapanAHJe cjia.ne y HapoA
Cp6e yHHiejLe u rionoBe. Osa p0A0.Fi.y6HBa mh-
Te/iHreHi4HJa cpncKa npoHCJia je ya npiinoMoh
cpncKHx KibMra h HOBHiia hmc cpncKO y CBe
KpajcBe H saKyiKe XpBarcKe ii CjiaeoHHJe, fac
rOA M<HBH npaBOCJiaOHO CTaHOBHHlUTBO. To HCTO
yHHHHiue M xpBaxcKH HHie-THreHTH Me^y Kaio-
JIHMKHM CTaiiOBIHiUHMa C.iaBOHCKHM, 3 KaCHIlje
M 6ocancKHM. OBaj nocao Ha 6y^eH>y cBeciw
HapoAHe 6ho je h koa npaBocjiasHnx h koa
KaT0.nHKa Heo6HMHo jiaK. Koa npaBocjiaBHWX
dH.nH cy CBH npcAycnoBM xy, a^- ce onpeAe.ie
OAJiywHo 33 cpncKO HMe, a koa KaxojiMKa 6H.Jie cy
CBe npeAHcnoBMUHJe, Aa npHXBaxe mmc xpBaxcKO.
13

V.
y noBHHa.Ma xpeaxcKiiM Mecio nyra cpeia-
Mo H3pa3 npaBoc;iap.HH XpsaiH" m lepA^by, ^a
cy Cp6H y JIiiuh m Bannjn 6unu ao iieaaBwo
npaeoc'iaBHii XpeaxH w n.a je cpncKa nponaran-
Aa H3 FbHx CTBopn.'ia Cp6e.
y HCTOpHJCKHM CnOA\eHl5UHMa OA XVI. AO
XIX. BCKa, a Te cnoMeHUKe caM na>KJbHBo npo-
yMHO, HHcaM Hauiao kh jeAHor cjiynaja, Aa 6k
npaBociacHo ciaHOBUHiiiTBO y XpBarcKOj ii Ciia-
BOUHJH OBHaneHO 6ilJlO H.MenO.M XpBaTCKll.W. MCTO-
pHjcKH AOKyMCHTH HaM HoxnyHo paajaiuFtaBajy
OBy OKOjTHOCT.
KoA XpBara cy y npe^aiuHbHM cTOJiehnMa
n.Te.MnhH K CBeuiieHHUH 6iiJ\u KyjirypHH ago
HapoAa, OBH cxajioKM cy jcahho 6H;ni cbcchm
CBor xpBarcKor nMCHa, h KMa;iH cy, npcMa oh-
AauifbiiM noJMOBH.\^a, cpeJjene nor.neAe Ha niira-
w>e HapoAHocTH 11 npeMa xoMe jcamho cy ohw
6m.th noBBaHH, Aa paaiiyAe Me^y HeonpeAejbe-
HHM CjioBeHHMa ocehajc xpBaxcKe, a dam xh
nJiCAinhH H CBeuixcHHUH Kaxo.THMKH AOMCKajiH cy
Bpjio HenpHJaxe.i>CK Cp6e npH Aoce-ibeiby HjM-
xoBy y XpBaxcKy ii CxaBOHKJy k boah.ih cy
oropneHy 6op6y npoxHB Cp6a.
XpsaxcKa m CiiaBOHiija 6K.Jie cy y xypcKO
Ao6a noAe.^eHC na xpM ynpaBue oSjiacxH, na
daHCKy acMajbCKy B-iaAy, na xpsaxcKy BoJHHHKy
rpanHuy h Ha cjiasoHCKy BoJKHMKy rpanuuy.
CpoH cy ce AOcejbaBa.iM k3 Typcue y noApynje
aycxpHJCKe rpaHime na no3HB aycxpHJCKnx no-
rpaHHHHHX 3anoBeAHHKa h y3 o6ehaH>e Aa tie
na 3eM;biiiuTy, Ha komc dyAy nacejbeHH, 6hxh
c.iodoAHM, Aa Hehe hmkomc o6aB;baxH KMexoBCKy
cjiy>K6y M Aa he h.\\ jcAHHa Ay>KH0cx 6mxh, Aa
dpane rpaHHuy oa TypaKa. y Ao(5a cpncKor ao-
ce/baBaiba y XpeaxcKy h DiaBOHHJy, y XVI. h
XVII. BCKy, TypuM cy HMa;in nojiocHHy XpBax-
CKe H no.ioBHHy CiaBOHHJe y CBojoj bjibcxh h
14

KpajeBH, KOJH cy rpaHHM;iH ca TypuHMa, 6mjim


cy noTnyno nycTn, jep ce xpniiiliaKCKO cxanoB-
HHiiiTBo paoder/io yc.ieA hccthx ynaAaja njbaM-
KaiuKHx Meia lypcKiix. Y le onycie/ie Kpajeee
Hace/iiJJiM cy rpanHHapcKu sarioBCAHHuw ao-
cejbCHe Cp6e. TeK iiiio ce Cpdn nacejimue, ja-
BHiue ce JierHTHMHH rocnoAapii top seMJbiuuTa,
xpeaicKH njieMHtiii xpHaxcKn Kaxo/iHHiai umip,
ii

ca saxTCBOM, Aa hm CpSn o6ai5Jbajy KMexoBCKv


cjiyH<6y, Aa hm AaAy AecexKny ii Aa mm padoxajy.
rioiiixo je xaj aaxxen 6110 npoxunaH yrosopMMa
H noroA^aMa, noA KOJUMa cy Cp6H npeiium na
aycxpiijcKy cxpany, pasBHJia ce nsMc^y cpncfCHx
AOcejbCHHKa h xpeaxcKHx cxa;ie>Ka cxojiehna
6op6a ca ripoMeHJbUBOM cpeiiOM, a;ih ca nyHO
cxpacxH H MpH<Hbe. Cna saccAai^a xpBaxcKiix
caSopa nyHa cy saKjbyMaua iipoxHB cpncKHx npH-
BHJierHJa, cbh apxiiBn 6emui uymi cy TioAnecaKa
xpeaxcKHx njieAvwha npoxHB Cpoa h cpncKHx
onxy>Ka()a npoxHB n-ieMnha. KaAa ce OBOMe AOAa
napajiejiHa aKUHJa KaxojiHHKe upkbc, Aa Cp6e
CHJIOM HaroHH Ha yHHJy h nporoii cpncF<Hx cee-
uiieHiiKa, OHAa je cacBHM noJMjbHBO, luxo Cp6H
HHcy npHXBaxH.iH xpBaxcKO HMe.
Aa ce Cp6ii XVI, XVIl. 11 XVIll. nena cpcA
TOJiHKHx HenpHjXHKa, Koje cy uMajin a^ noAHecy
OA cxpane xpeaxcKe, HHcy mofjih h3 cBoje hhh-
UHJaxHse H OA CBoje BOJbe sarpejaxH 3a xpeax-
CKO HMe, cacBHM je pasyMjbHBo, a npHMopaeaHsa
y xoM norjieAy HHJe hh c Koje cxpane 6h;io.
XpBaxcKH njicMHfiH H xpBaxcKH cseiuxeHHUH
Tpa>KHJiH cy OA Cp6a, Aa epme KMexoecKy
c;iyH<6y h as npHMe ynnjy ca phmckom upkbom;
ajiH Aa npHMe xpBaxcKo HMe, xo ohh HHcy oa
npaBOCJiaoHor cxaHOEHHuixeasaxxeBajiH. Hh jeAan
nwcMeHH noAaiaK y xom CMHCJiy HHcaM nauiao.
TBpAH>a, Aa cy Cp6H y XpeaxcKOJ ao ne-
AaBHo 6h/ih npaBocjiaBHH XpsaxH ne MO>Ke ce
HHKaKO OAHOCHXH Ha Ao6a AO XIX. cxo.ieliia,
15

jep y TOM nepujoAy Cp6M ce micy 3iia:iH iih


ocetiajiH XpeaiMMa. rioiiiTo ce xa iBpAH^a ca
xpBaxcKe cipane xaKO necxo noHaBJba, a He
HSHOce ce HHKaKmi cxBapnn AOKasH 3a xy
XBpAH>y, HsrjieAa mh jya je xa XHnoxeaa o npa-
BocjiaiiHOM XpoaxcxBy oBaKo nacxajia. Ilo rpa-
HHMapciaiM ypeAHA^a xpeaxcKO-ciaBOHCKHM B.ia-
Aao je ueMaMKM Ayx h je3HK, no daHCKHM ype-
AWMa rocnoAapHO je ;iaxHHCKH jcbhk, a jesnK h
Ayx XpnaicTBa npoApo je y cbc ypeAe h y CBe
Kpajese XpBaxcKe h C.'iaBOHHJe xeK iiiesAecexnx
H ceAaMAecexHx roAHHa npoiiijiora BCKa ca yBo-
ijeiteM ycxaBiiocTii yKHAaiteM BoJHUHKe
h ca
rpaHHue. Y to Ao6a jey4HH>eH0 na
HaJBiiuie
uiHpefty cpiiCKor h xpsaxcKor HMena. IlpoSy-
i)eHa je napoAHa cbcct y CBUMa cjiojeBUMa Apy-
nixBcHHM. To dyijerfce cxBopHJio je njieMencKy
yxaKMHuy h aHxaroHHsaM HSMe^y Cpoa h Xp-
Baxa. XpeaxM cy 6h;ih npH xoMe y HecpaBH>eH0
noBojbHnieM noJiOKajy, HMajiH cy y cbojhm
pyKawa ;seMajbCKy BJiaAy, pacnojiaraAn cy ca
Aa.'ieKO BehHM 6pojeM HHxejiMrenuHJe, HapoHHxo
MHHOBHiiiiixBa, a MHHOBHHUH cy y OHO Ao6a
HMajiii BCJiHKy Moh H yxHuaj y seMJbu. TBpAH>a
o npaBoc.iaBHHM XpBaxHMa JIukc h BaHHJe
Mor.ia 6ii jeAHHO Ha obo Ao6a Aa ce oahoch.
Moryhe je, Aa cy nojeAHHH jbyAH hjih nojeAHHa
npaBoc.'iaBHa cejia noA yxiinajcM xpeaxcKe hh-
xe.iHreHUHJe h HapoMHXo xpsaxcKor hhhobhhiu-
XBa, a y ocKyAHUH cpncKe iiHxe;inreHUHJe, npn-
BpeMeno (5h;ih npHXBaxHJin xpBaxcKo HMe, Aa cy
ce OBAe h;ih OHAe HsjasHJiH Xpaaxima. Menw
HHJe no3Hax hh jeAan xaKaB KOHKpexan cjiy^aj,
a;iH 6h xaj cjiynaj y Ao6a 6y^en>a napoAHe
ceecxH, KaAa cy XpBaxM pacnojiarajiH ca BehHM
anapaxoM sa xo 6y^eHje Hero Cpdw, 6ho pa-
ByMjiiHB. MetjyxHM mum cy noJMOBH paiuHnmiieHM,
CBH cJieA^eHHUH npaBoc.iaBHe Bepe HauiJiH cy ce
y cpiiCKOM xadopy.
16

VI.

3aHHM;bHBa je HHPbeHHua, Aa ce y jyH<Hoj


.^ajiMauHJH Ha;ia3H KaiojiKKa, kojh npH;iMF<OM
onpeAeJbHBaH>a H>HxoBor Kpaja ne xTCAome npw-
MHTH xpBaiCKO HMC Hcro cc onpeAejiHiue sa
cpncKO. YspoK TOMe HHJe tciiiko HahH.
rioHexKOM XIX. CTOJieha yHHuiTena je pe-
nydjiHica Ay^poBanica. Ilocjie naAa HanojieonoBa
npnnao je /^ydpoBHHK noA Aycrpujy. Ma Aa cy
<t>paHny3H ripBH ym;iH y ^ydpOBHHK, oim cy
nBJaBJbKBajiH, Aa fee BpaiHiH peny6;iHUH cjio-
6oAy HHM IJ,pHoropun h PycH HcnpasHe BoKy.
ripeMa TOMe KOHaHno ywHuiTCHbe penyd.iMKc
Aoweo je TeK yjiasaw aycxpHJCKe bojckc Me^y
SHAose rpaAa /l,y6poBHHKa.
He caMO /iy6poB4aHH, Hero ii cbh oko^thh
CnoRenH, HeiisiviepHO cy yKinvuiu sa HerAaunbOM
c.no6oAOM, 3a HerAauiifcOM, no ucjiom CBeiy no-
sHaTOM H OA ue.ior csexa npHSHaxoM, peny^JiH-
KOM CBOJOM.
na KaAa je ycKopo to CTaHOBHMLUTBO CjIO-
BeHCKO HMajio Aa ce onpeAejiH, Aa npHMH cpn-
CKO h;ih xpBaTCKO HMe, cacBHM je paayMJbHBo,
lUTO ce je Haiiiao noBejinK 6poj Ay6poBa4KHx h
ok'o-iHHx KaTo;iHKa, KOJH ce H3JaBH0 sa cpncKo
MMe. CpncKa HAeja osHaHHsajia je tokom XIX.
CTOJieha dynxoBHe .^yAe ca ahbjbom Jby6aB.iby
npeMa c;io6oam m HesaBiicHOCTH, a xpsaTCKa
MMcao OHora Ao6a HAiajia je kao TCMejb CBoj
noAaHHHKy nepHOCT npeMa xaSadyprnKOM AOMy,
npeAia aycTpiijcKOM hecapy.
JIaKo ce Aaje pasyMeTM m ona APyra okoji-
'5iocT, aaiuTO LlloKUH y BapaHiH h ByH>eBUH y
JBaHKOj He npHXBaTHuie Kao cjiasoHCKH h 6o-
cancKw KaxcfiHUM hmc xpsaTCKO.
HaBeo caM pannje, KaKo cy cM.iaH yxHuaj
npM lUHpeiby xpsaTCKor h cpncKor HMena Bp-
niHJie lUKOJia H upKBa, yMHxejbM h nonoBH m
17

ocia.ia MHTeJiHrcHUHJa napoAHa. MHTCJiHreHUHJa


daHKHx Byibeeaua h docaHCKHx LUoKaua iuko-io-
Bana je y MayapcKHM uiKOJiaMa h saAOJena je
6H;iaMayapcKHM ayxom. PoAo;by6HBii nojeAnnuH,
KOjH cy HHAHBMAyaJiHO 6h.ih jaKH H HHcy noA-
jier;iH yinuajy Mayapcxea, HHcy HnaK 6nnu y
ciahby Aa napajimuy yiHuaj AP>KaBe, Koja je
noMohy ujKO.'ie n upKoe, Bojcice h aAMiiHwcTpa-
itHJe H CBHX Apyrux o6;iacTH cysSHJaAa y Ha-
poAy M cpncKo h xpsaiCKO hmc. J\a cy 6yibe-
BEMKH yHHieJbH H nOHOBH, KaO lUTO Cy OHH IIO
OiaBOHHJH, iiiKo.ioBaHH 6hjTh y 3arpe6y, AaBHo
^H ByHiCBUH npHXBaTH.iH HMe xpsaxcKO.
y Bociiii cy MycjiHAiaHH h ASHac y BehnHM
CBOjoj HeonpeAejbCHH. JeASH ago rbuxoB npHBHaje
ce Cp6HMa, APyrH Acoje npHXBaiHO KMe xpBaicKO,
a.iw orpOiVxHa BefcHna ftKxoBa sa caAa joui hc
ycBaja hh jcamo hh Apyro HAie. Fla h obh, kojh
ce Ao caA onpeAe.THiue, yMiiHHiue to iioa yxH-
uaje.M lUKOJia. M MycjiMMancKH Cp6H h Myc;iH-
MancKH XpBaiH cy noJMOBii HOBUjer AaxyMa, oa
nocjie oKynauHJe Bocne.
Ban CBake je cyMite Aa cy 6ocaHcka My-
BehHHH CBOJoj noTOMUH doryMHjia.
c.'iHMaHH y
BoryiMHJiM cy y to.ihkom dpojy iipem^iH Ha
Hc/iaM, Aa je Hecxa/io hs Bochc OBe, HerAa oHa-
Fv'o MHoro6poJHe, ceKxe. Y Ao6a KaA cy 6ory-
MiiJiH npuMa.iH MycjiHMaHCKy Bepy, ohh HMcy
6nJiK oripeAejbeHH hh sa cpncKO hm aa xpaaxcKO
MA\e. M MyCJIHMaHH (DOCaHCKH, H aKO je CjiaBCH-
CKO nopcKJio fSHXOBO jacHO Kao AaH, HHcy ce
oiipeAe;bviBa:iH hh sa jcamo hh sa Apyro H.v.e.
CiyHajeBH HapoAne cbccxm Me^y CocancKHM
Myc;iHMaHHMa 6h;ih cy ycaMji^eHH u 6e3 yxHuaja
Ha HiupoKe Mace MycjiHMaiiCKe.
y name Ao6a Bepa nocxaje cbc bhuic npM-
BaxnoM cxBapH CBaKor nojeAHHua. y kohmko Be-
pa rydw OA snanaja CBora, y xo;ihko eehy BpeA-

k
HOCT Aof5HJa HapoAHOcx. MyciiHiviaHH h ByHeBUH
18

cy cBecHM cBoje cjioBencKe napoAHocTH, ami y


caAaiiJ}i>HMnpHJiHKBMa He)ie ohh MohH ocraTH
HeonpeAejbeHH hii cnpaM cpncKor h xpeaicKor
MMena. 06a imeua cy CMHOHHMHa, aphobh iia-
luoj noAJeAiiaKO Apara h npcA saKOno.w noxnyHO
paoHonpaBHa. flpcMa AocaAamifceM pasBHiKy npH-
.iHKa HaiiJHX iiarjieAa, Aa fee ce h ByH^eBUH h
Myc;iHMaMM noAe.iHXH, as fee jeAaH ago npwxBa-
THTii cpncKO, a Apyrn Aeo y.sexH xpeaxcKO hmc
Kao HapoAHo HMe CBOje.

VII.

Mel)y MaxHuauHJaMa, FcoJHMa ce cjiyH<Hjia


Aycxpo-YrapcKa MonapxHJa y no.nnxHi;H, omm-
jbeHo cpcACXBo hbeno 5iiJio je cxBapan>e 36pKe
y HapoAHOCHHM noJMOBHiWa, cxBapaHbe hobhx
HapoAHHx HMena. J\a. He hacmo AaJbe, cnoMCHyhy
caMO KJiacHHHO AeJio aycxpujcice noJiHXHKe, cxBa-
pan>e pyxencKor HapoAa.
HaynehbauH cy HecsecHO yBJianeHH y c;iy>K-
6y XHX nojiHXHHKHx uH.'LeBa aycxpHJCKHX. Xp-
BaxcKH nay^eHjanH cy, CBaKojaKO HecBecHO, jep
cy xo HHane no H36op MecxHXH ii poAOJbydMBH
CHHOBH CBora HapoAa, noc;iy>KH;iH MHoro aycxpuj-
CKoj nojiHXHi^H, KaA cy yBe.in y o6HHaj, Aa y
CBOjHM AeJiHMa Cp6e npHKaayjy xBopeBHHOM
nponaraHAe h Aa, nmuyhH o npouijiHM cxojie-
tiMMa, y i;e;ioj XpBaxcKoj h C/iaBOHHJH He na-
Jiase HH jeAHor jeAHHor CpSnHa, Hero Mecio
Cp6a Hajiase caMo Bjiaxe. Cp^HjaHUH, kojh HHcy
no6;iHH<e noanaxH ca HCxopHJorpa4)CKHM AeJiHMa
xpBaxcKHM, jeABa fee BepoBaxH obo uixo fey hm
caAa pefeH. XpBaxH HMajy na XHJbaAe KHbHra
M cxyAHJa o npoujjiocxH XpsaxcKe h CjiaBOHHJe
M y CBHM XHM HCXOpHJCKHM Ae/IHMa FOBOpH CC
npoiiijiocxH XpBaxa h Bjiaxa. Ta ABa napoAa
cxaHyjy y xhm seM.'baMa, a CpdH, npeivia xhm
KFfcHraMa xpBaxcKUM, ne nocxoje h HHcy HHKaA
HH nocxojaJiH y XpBaxcKoj h CiaBOHHJH.
19

Xpoaiif ce noHoce cbojhm BjeKoc^TaBOM


KjiaJHheM. SoHJba je MonyMenTajiHO 3Hart,e h
BpcAHoha y Tora HOBCKa. Ajih KaKo crpamno
naAa upeAHocT ii oaSujbHocx H>eroBOM naynHOM
paAY, Kaaa npe.'iHCTaxe H^eroBy Poviest Hrvata
na HajiasHie nocBVAa B;iaxe y XpaaiCKoj h C;ia-
BOHHJH, a Cp6HMa HHFAe HH cnoMCHa HCMa.
M;iH sap TO Hiije cacBHM hcto Kao KaA 5h hcko
HanHcao HCTOpHJy CjiaBOHHJe na najiasHo y
npoLU.iocTH iheHo] caMO Cp6e h LLloKue, a xp-
BaxcKO HMe jeAHOcraBHO HPHopHcao? Ko;inKocaM
nyra Mo.nno ii npeKJiHitao CBor npHJaxejba Emh-
jia JIacoBCKor, oajthmhof HCiopHHapa xpsaiCKor,
;^a y CBOJHM Ae-iUMa He nHiiie B;iacH Hero Cp6a,

jep xecHorpYAOCT H^eroBa ydnja BpeAHOcx H>e-


roBy Kao HayHe>aKa, a XpaaxifMa uuvaKBQ ko-
pMCXH He AOHOCH. Ha >Ka;iocT koa -^acoBCKo^a
HHcaM Morao HHUJxa Aa ycncM.
JeAHiiH HacxaH HsyaexaK mhhh oa cbhx Xp-
Baxa npo43- AP- ^epAO LUifujHh. Oh ce jcahhh
MSMC^y xpeaxcKHx HCxopHHapaysBHCHO AO o6jeK-
XHBHocxH, Aa npH3Haje y cbojhm ap^thm^, Aa
Gp6n nocxoje h Aa cy h y npouuiocxH Xpsax-
CKC H OiaROHHJe nocTOJajiH. Oh je npBH h ao
caAa jeAHHH xpsaxcKw iicxopHnap, kojh je 0A6a-
UHO HasHB B-iaxa h naiue npexKe 30Be CpdHMa.
TecHorpyAocx y npHKa3HBaH>y hcxophjckhx
(j)aKaTa, KaA ce roBopn o onpeAe-TsHBahby nauier
HapoAa H3Me^y ABa n.neMCHCKa HMena, cpncKor
H xpBaxcKor, xa xecHorpyAOCx npeneccHa je h
y AHCBHy nojiitxHKy. MnorodpoJHH HOBMHapH h
no;iHXH4apM, n cpncKn vi xpBaxcKH, xohe Aa hc-
npaB.bajy pesy-ixax npMpoAHor onpeAeJbHBaHja
namer napoAa sa cpncKO h xpBaxcKO HMe h Aa
npejyAHUHpajy oHUMa, kojh ce joiu HHcy onpeAe-
jiM.iH. To norpeuiKa.
je Be^THKa

ir(jjakxHMHOM
Pea;iHa no.iHXHKa Mopa Aa ce xeMe^XsH na
cxart>y, 3a H>y Mopa Aa 6yAe OAJiyn-
HO ocehaj csaKor nojeAHHua. KaAa ce ErepcAop-
20

4)ep H LLlTpocMajep oceiiajy XpeaiMMa, m LLInHp-


Ta H BapaKO npHSHajy Cp6HMa, nojiHXHKa n >Kyp-
najiHCTHKa HMajy xaj oceifaj h^hxob j\a aicuen-
THpajy Kao HHH:.eHHuy. /^a mi cy npeuH ohkx
npBHx yae.iH yneiuha Ha ueiHHCKOM cadopy, a
npeuH OBMX APyrMx yMecTBoeaviH y 6ojy Ha
nojby KocoBy, HCTpa>KiiBaibe tux ^J^'^^Ta ipeda
npenycTHTH nayun. 3a nojiHiHKy xa (|)aKxa ao-
pajy 6hth 6e3 bpcahocth.
DR Ivi^, Aleksa
318 srpskom i hrvatskom imenu
186

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