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EXPERIMENT NO.

8
TURNING MOVEMENT COUNT AND
PEAK HOUR FACTOR
Date of Experiment: 12/04/17
Date of Submission: 16/04/17
Sub group: 2
Group members:
Name Entry No.
Narendra Kumar 2015CE10345
Devendra Singh Meena 2015CE10321
Anupma 2015CE10314
Kritika Lila 2015CE10334
Ujjwal Tarun 2015CE10394
Sudhir Kumar 2015CE10388
Pankaj Jorwal 2015CE10352
Uttam Shukla 2015CE10397
Saurav Maithy 2015CE10387
Table of content
Objective
Theory
Calculation
Result
Discussion
Reference

Objective:
The main objectives of this lab are to record turning movement counts at an
intersection and calculate Peak hour Factor. The turning movement counts are to be collected
during peak periods and off-peak periods.
Theory:
The traffic volume is defined as the total number of vehicles. The volume of traffic is
expressed as ADT, AADT and vph. The rate of flow of traffic is defined as the equivalent hourly
rate at which vehicles pass over a given point or section of a lane or roadway during a given time
interval less than one hours i.e. if counts are taken for less than one hour, using suitable factors, it
is expanded to represent one-hour volume.
Peak flow Rate: it is determine that within the study hour, the volume varies within each 15
minute block and one of these 15 minutes block having the maximum flow rate. When the
maximum 15 minutes flow rate is multiplied by four, the resulting volumes are called design
peak period volume or peak flow rate volume.
METHOD: Two methods are available for conducting traffic volume counts:
(1) manual and (2) automatic
Peak Hour Factor(PHF): It is defined as the ratio of total hourly volume to the maximum
15-minute rate of flow within the hour.

/
PHF= (Total Hourly Volume) (Peak 15 minutes volume *4)

Need for the Study:

Some of the key areas in which traffic flow data is needed for
development and management of the road network include:
a) Determination of a programme of road widening needs and general improvement or
strengthening of existing road through a programme of reconstruction and construction of a new
b) To check the efficiency of the road network by comparing current traffic volume with the level
of service or the calculated capacity;
c) To establish the relationship between traffic volume, number of accidents and causes thereof,
as well as determination of the probable occurrences;
d) To plan prioritisation of roads improvement schemes; Project identification or inception.
Project appraisal and feasibility. Project screening and planning. Project Design. Project
Implementation. Operation, Monitoring and Maintenance. Traffic flow data is important in
planning of a particular section of the road.
e) To assess economic benefits arising from roads improvements;
f) Investigation of various capacity and design problems for both roads and bridges and parking
facilities.
g) Design and improvement of new/existing junctions;
h) Assistance in planning new developments such as roads in a new town, subdivisions, land
use, which generally includes shopping centres, hotels, commercial and industrial complexes,
service stations and other traffic generators activities;
i) Determination of warrants or the need for implementation of traffic improvement and traffic
control measures, such as synchronised/coordinated traffic signals, stop signs, one way roads, no
entry, etc;
j) To study future traffic trends and assisting in predicting traffic flows in the future for a given
period;
k) To classify roads on their functional basis.
In addition to the above the following are typical specific needs:
a) Assessment of pavement performance through traffic surveys and Period monitoring of
selected sections;
b) Ascertaining appropriate/optimal timings for maintenance interventions and rehabilitation
c) Establish economic and social implications of design and feasibility studies of all development
projects countrywide;
d) Establish the use of the road network by vehicles of different categories, traffic distribution,
etc.

PROCEDURE:
Select proper observer location.
Label data sheets and record observations
Calculation:
NEHRU PLACE TO IIT DELHI
Left Turn
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 353 1412
3:15-3:30 254 1016 1412 .80
3:30-3:45 220 880
3:45-4:00 300 1200
PHF=(353+254+220+300)/1412
Right Turn
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 158 632
3:15-3:30 152 608 676 .935
3:30-3:45 153 612
3:45-4:00 169 676
PHF=(158+152+153+169)/676
Through
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 23 92
3:15-3:30 27 108 112 .929
3:30-3:45 26 104
3:45-4:00 28 112
PHF=(23+26+27+112)/112
IIT TO NEHRU PLACE
Left Turn
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 102 408
3:15-3:30 117 468 468 .917
3:30-3:45 103 412
3:45-4:00 107 428

Right Turn
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 124 496
3:15-3:30 162 648 688 .889
3:30-3:45 153 612
3:45-4:00 172 688

Through:
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 62 248
3:15-3:30 42 168 248 .77
3:30-3:45 38 152
3:45-4:00 49 196
Mehrouli to AIIMS:
Left Turn
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 107 428
3:15-3:30 104 416 456 .952
3:30-3:45 114 456
3:45-4:00 109 436
Right Turn
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 282 1128
3:15-3:30 266 1064 1128 .970
3:30-3:45 277 1108
3:45-4:00 269 1076
Through:
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 434 1736
3:15-3:30 410 1640 1953 .889
3:30-3:45 488 1952
3:45-4:00 403 1612

AIIMS TO MEHROULI:
Left Turn:
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 170 680
3:15-3:30 148 592 680 .863
3:30-3:45 138 552
3:45-4:00 131 524
Right Turn:
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 197 788
3:15-3:30 193 772 788 .947
3:30-3:45 183 732
3:45-4:00 173 692
Through:
Count period Vehicles Rate of Flow Peak rate of Flow PHF
(vph) (vph)
3:00-3:15 351 1404
3:15-3:30 395 1580 1580 .962
3:30-3:45 384 1536
3:45-4:00 390 1560

RESULT:
NEHRU PLACE TO IIT DELHI
Left Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 1412

PHF= .80
Right Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 676

PHF=0.935
Through
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 112

PHF= .929

IIT DELHI TO NEHRU PLACE

Left Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 468
PHF=. 917
Right Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 688

PHF=.77
Through
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 456

PHF= .952
MEHROULI TO AIIMS
Left Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 456

PHF=.952
Right Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)=1128

PHF= .970
Through
Peak rate of Flow (vph)=1953

PHF= .889
AIIMS TO MEHROULI
Left Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)=680

PHF= .863
Right Turn
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 788

PHF= .947
Through
Peak rate of Flow (vph)= 1580

PHF= .962

DISCUSSION: