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Coated Bolts
March 29, 2010 by Sigma Fasteners Leave a Comment

Xylan Coated Bolts

Improve Make up and break out torque of bolts. Xylan is a fluoropolymer topcoat manufactured
by Whitford Corporation, which in the 1014 and 1070 coatings afford high lubricity (co-efficient
of friction as low as .02), and corrosion resistance of approximately 1000 hours(ASTM B117)
when applied over phosphate, and up to 2000 hours when applied over electroplating. These are
solvent based thin film topcoats. These Xylan products have a maximum temperature ranging up
to 500 deg. F. Xylan 1000 and 1400 series may also be applied over other basecoats, for added
corrosion protection. The 1400 series coatings by Whitford (typically 1424), are low voc
coatings. They have a coefficient of friction of .05 to .10, and a maximum constant operating
temperature of 400 deg. F. The corrosion resistance of the 1400 series is approximately 1500
hours, when applied over a suitable basecoat such as zinc electroplating.

Sermagard Coated Bolts

Sigma Fasteners is a licensed applicator for Sermagard products. 1105 is a ceramic-metallic
sprayed basecoat that at 1 mil of thickness or more affords 3000-4000 hours of ASTM B117 salt
spray resistance, with an appropriate topcoat. It can be used at high temperatures. It is extremely
effective in salt atmospheres. The Sermagard 1105 process involves curing at high temperatures
(Minimum of 750 deg. (F) and subsequent burnishing with appropriate blast media to achieve
conductivity. Sermagard 1105 contains aluminum flake and Chromate. Sermagard 1280 is a
fluorocarbon topcoat, which when applied to Sermagard 1105 basecoat gives superior corrosion
resistance and UV protection.

Moly Coated Bolts

Molybdenum disulfide coated bolts are commonly used to improve the performance in extremes
of load carrying capacity, operating temperature and coefficient of friction. This coating provides
effective lubrication in a wide range of loads, in many cases exceeding 250,000 psi. Moly
coatings lubricate sacrificially by transferring lubricant between the two mating surfaces, which
helps to reduce both wear and the coefficient of friction. Moly coatings are a combination of
molybdenum disulfide lubricant and high performance resins. The coating is thermally cured to
bond thoroughly with the base metal of the coated part. Moly coated bolts can solve problems
associated with corrosion, chemical exposure, and abrasion. offer excellent corrosion and
chemical resistance and a barrier protection better than phosphate. With Molys exceptional
barrier protection, it is appropriate for more severe environments and is often used in chemical
processing and oil field equipment.
Teflon Coated Bolts
Over seventy years ago a DuPont scientist, discovered polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) a
fluoropolymer that is corrosive chemical and heat resistance, and the worlds most slippery
surface. Teflon Coated Bolts have a Low Coefficient of Friction The coefficient of friction of
Teflon is generally in the range of 0.05 to 0.20, depending on the load, sliding speed, and
particular Teflon coating used. Teflon Coated Bolts are Nonwetting Since surfaces coated with
Teflon are both oleophobic and hydrophobic, they are not readily wetted. Cleanup is easier and
more thoroughin many cases, surfaces are self-cleaning. Teflon Coated Bolts are Heat
Resistance Teflon industrial coatings can operate continuously at temperatures up to
260C/500F. Teflon Coated Bolts have Cryogenic Stability Many Teflon industrial coatings
withstand severe temperature extremes without loss of physical properties. Teflon industrial
coatings may used at temperatures as low as -270C/-454F. Teflon Coated Bolts are Chemical
Resistance Teflon is normally unaffected by chemical environments. The only chemicals
known to affect all Teflon industrial coatings are molten alkali metals and highly reactive
fluorinating agents.

Coated Bolt Torque Chart

Filed under Coated Bolts Tagged with Coated Bolts, Moly Coated Bolts, SermaGard Coated
Bolts, Xylan Coated Bolts

Flouropolymer Coated Bolt Torque

March 19, 2010 by Sigma Fasteners Leave a Comment

Download Coated Torque Value Chart

API 6A is an International Standard which specifies requirements and gives recommendations
for the performance, dimensional and functional interchangeability, design, materials, testing,
inspection, welding, marking, handling, storing, shipment, purchasing, repair and re-manufacture
of wellhead and well tree equipment for use in the petroleum and natural gas industries.

Covering bolts on Wellhead Equipment, Valves and chokes, and loose flanged connectors.



ANSI / API 6A / ISO 10423:2003 Feb. 1, 2005

Stud Yield Point 105 ksi or 720 Mpa

Source: API 6-A, Latest Edition Appendix D, Table D1 &


Stud Diameter Tension PTFE Coated Bolt coefficient of Friction Plain Bolt coefficient of Friction

Size Ibf Torque Torque Torque Torque

Inch Nm Ft. lbs Nm Ft. lbs
f=0.07 f=0.07 f=0.13 f=0.13
1/2 7450 48 35 80 59
5/8 11865 92 68 155 115
3/4 17559 160 118 270 200
7/8 24241 253 188 429 319
1 31802 376 279 639 474
1 1/8 41499 540 401 925 686
1 1/4 52484 745 553 1285 953
1 3/8 64759 996 739 1727 1281
1 1/2 78322 1297 962 2261 1677
1 5/8 93173 1653 1226 2894 2146
1 3/4 109313 2069 1534 3636 2696
1 7/8 126741 2549 1890 4493 3332
2 145458 3097 2297 5476 4061
2 1/4 186758 4418 3276 7851 5822
2 1/2 233212 6068 4500 10828 8030
2 5/8 233765 6394 4716 11429 8430
2 3/4 257694 7354 5424 13168 9712
3 309050 9555 7047 17156 12654
3 1/4 365070 12154 8965 21878 16136
3 3/4 491099 18685 13782 33766 24905
3 7/8 525521 20620 15208 37293 27506
4 561108 22683 16730 41057 30282

Filed under Coated Bolts, Stud Bolts Tagged with Coated Bolt Torque Values, Coated Bolts,
PTFE Coated Bolts, Teflon Coated Bolts, Xylan Coated Bolts

Xylan Coated Bolts

February 19, 2010 by Sigma Fasteners Leave a Comment

Coated Stud Bolts

Xylan Coated Stud Bolts

Xylan 1010, 1070, 1014, 1052 and now 1424 have been used as bolt coatings for almost a
quarter century now. Most major Oil and Chemical Companies recognizing that maintenance is a
huge issue have made coated bolt specifications for bolted high pressure flange connections. The
various properties on the Xylan give excellent make up and brake out torque and reduce the need
for high risk cutting torches or high cost bolt cutting when maintenance is required.

Xylan 1014 in bolt coatings used for its good lubricity, chemical and abrasion resistance.

Xylan 1052 for coated bolts used for its excellent lubricity.
Xylan 1070 and 1010 where the pioneers in the field used for the lubricity and chemical

With VOCs an ever present issue these days Whitford has made a low VOC version 1424 which
Sigma applies to achieve the results need in a coated bolt connection and to stay complaint in a
green economy.

Xylan coated bolts come in many tints and the coated bolts are often coordinated with standard
corporate color branding schemes. While very light shades are possible most of the popular hues
range from a Dark Yellow to black with Reds and Blues and greens being the most widespread.

Filed under Coated Bolts, Custom Bolts, Stud Bolts Tagged with Bolt Coatings, Coated Bolt,
Coated Bolts, PTFE Coated Bolts, Xylan Coated Bolt, Xylan Coated Bolts, Xylan Coating

Xylan Coating
February 6, 2010 by Sigma Fasteners Leave a Comment

Xylan Industrial Coating Service

Xylan coating prevents leaks past thread
Pressure vessels, valves, pipe unions, storage tanks, reactors, pipelines and other fluid
containment equipment are often fitted with threaded plugs for inspection, pressure relief, filling
or tapping.

Coatings on pipe plugs not only improve their performance and reliability but also make them
easier to use. A thin film of Xylan eliminates the PTFE tape normally wrapped around the
threads to seal them.

In addition, the corrosion protection and low-friction properties of the coating greatly reduce
breakout torques, enabling users to remove the plugs at a later date without destroying them.

In most instances, the pipe plugs may be re-used without difficulty.

Xylan coatings are also available in many colors, enabling users to color-code particular plug
sizes and alloys.

Xylan 1014
Main Properties:

High temperature resistant. Low coefficient of friction. Abrasion / wear resistant. Dry film
lubricant. Thermoset. Wide use temperature.
Typical Applications: Any mating surface which requires lubrication. Hinge pins. Piston casing.
Compressors. Fasteners.

Description: Resin-bonded, thermosetting, dry-film lubricant which, when compared to Xylan

1010 contains significantly more bonding resin relative to its content of PTFE lubricant. Altering
the formula in this manner produces finishes which are harder, more abrasion resistant, glossier,
and less porous. Frictional values remain low and very predictable.

Working temp. range (continuous) -195C/-320F to 260/500F Working temp. range

(intermittent) -195C/-320F to 285C/545F

Xylan 1052
Main Properties:

High temperature resistant. High load carrying capacity. Abrasion / wear resistant. Thermoset.

Typical Applications: Applications to prevent wear of mating surfaces under extreme load such
as bearings, sealing rings, and valve springs.

Main Properties:

High temperature resistant. Low coefficient of friction. Abrasion / wear resistant. Thermoset.
Wide use temperature. Corrosion resistant. Controlled torque.

Typical Applications: Threaded fasteners.

Description: Resin-bonded, thermosetting, dry film lubricant. It is formulated for high-pressure,

low-speed wear applications and provides long-term lubrication for bearing surfaces subjected to
extreme pressures, up to 150,000 psi (10,500 kg/cm2). The coating utilizes a unique dual
lubrication system of PTFE and MoS2 and is superior to moly greases which wash away and
PTFE coatings which cold flow. Resin-bonded lubricants in Xylan 1052 stay on the job, even in
harsh chemical environments.

Working temp. range (continuous) -195C/-320F to 260C/500F Working temp. range

(intermittent) -195C/-320F to 285C/545F

Xylan 1070
Main Properties:

High temperature resistant. Low coefficient of friction. Abrasion / wear resistant. Thermoset.
Wide use temperature. Corrosion resistant. Controlled torque.

Typical Applications: Threaded fasteners.

Description: Resin-bonded, thermosetting, PTFE based, dry-film lubricant. It has extra
corrosion protection and issued to coat large studs (B7), nuts, flanges, and related hardware for
sub-sea and splash-zone service. Because of its predictable, low-friction properties, less make-up
torque is required to produce the specified tension. During assembly, clamp loads are increased;
scatter is reduced. In fact, the frictional characteristics are the most predictable of any lubricant,
coating, or plating used on bolting. The low friction properties also reduce break-out torque,
which allows removal of bolting with a wrench instead of a blowtorch.
Application: Conventional spray.

Working temp. range (continuous) -195C/-320F to 260C/500F

Working temp. range (intermittent) -195C/-320F to 285C/545F

Xylan 1400
Main Properties:

Corrosion resistant. Chemical resistant. Weathering resistant. Acid rain resistant.

Typical Applications: Threaded fasteners for the building, chemical process, oil and off shore

Description: A recoatable RC coating developed to protect large fasteners and chemical

processing equipment from chemical exposure (especially those with high pH). Although it
contains a small percentage of PTFE lubricant to facilitate installation and prevent galling, it is
considered a barrier coating rather than a dry film lubricant.

Working temp. range (continuous) -50C/-58F to 175C/350F

Xylan 1424
Main Properties:

Dry film lubricant. Corrosion resistant.

Typical Applications: Any mating surface which requires lubrication. Hinge pins. Piston casing.
Compressors. Threaded fasteners. Description: This VOC compliant*, resin-bonded, PTFE
based coating is primarily formulated for use on fasteners to prevent corrosion and facilitate
make-up torque.

Working temp. range (continuous) -50C/-58F to 175C/347F

Working temp. range (intermittent) -50C/-58F to 200C/392F

More Xylan Inforamation

Filed under Industrial Coating Service Tagged with Coated Bolts, PTFE Coated Bolts, Teflon
Coated Bolts, Xylan, Xylan 1014, Xylan 1052, Xylan 1070, Xylan 1400, Xylan 1424, Xylan
Coated Bolts, Xylan Coating

Coated Bolts
February 6, 2010 by Sigma Fasteners Leave a Comment

Sigma Fasteners manufacturers coated studs to meet major Chemical and Oil Company
standards. Sizes range from 1/2 inch 3 1/2 and larger.

Coated Stud Bolts

Sigma coated bolts have a two-layer structure of special pretreatment polymer film and under-
treatment layer. Phosphate Pre-treatment technique insures the physical performance of product
without changing and fluropolymer top coating results in a better performance in resisting
chemical and seawater corrosion. SermaGard coating is different from PTFE because of their
strong corrosion resistant ability. Xylan can be different per customers request to meet various
environmental working conditions.





Xyan combined with an advanced treatment technology; the film is thin but is excellent in
corrosion resistance which prolongs the lifespan of the product. Non-stick and low friction
properties can make-up the torque coefficient which is easy to install and disassembling.
Property of chemical & weather resistance make it suitable to various severe environments.

Xyaln and SermaGard coatings are the best choice in offshore, oilfield and petrochemical
precision equipment against corrosion. Its properties are particularly suitable for surface
corrosion prevention of underwater precision equipment including Christmas tree, BOP and
pipelines and other parts.

Xylan coating properties:

Low friction ( as low as 0.055)

Remarkable adhesion

Unusual resistance to wear and abrasion

Excellent resistance to corrosion

Resistance to chipping

Resistance to the elements: weather, sunlight, salt water

Working temperature range from: -190 to + 260 C