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Sample Calculation for Flat Slab:

Slab thickness:

L
let =35
d

Longest L=5000 mm

L
d=
35

5000
d=
35

d=142.8571 mm

Add 10%,
d=142.8571 mm 1.1

d=157.1429 mm

Assume bar diameter is 12 mm


cover =25 mm

12
D=157.1429+ +25
2

D=188.1429 mm

Take D=190 mm

Apply deemed to comply span-to-depth ratio for reinforced slabs:


Since end span control the depth of slab, let take end span as sample calculation
1 /3

[ ]

Lef
k3 k 4
( )
Lef
1000 E c
<AS 3600 9.3.4.1>
d F d . ef

End span L = 4600 mm


Concrete density = 25kN/m
Self Weight , G=25 0.19+1

Self Weight , G=5.75 kPa

Imposed load , Q=5 kPa <AS 1170.1 T 3.1>


Class A2 <AS 3600 T 4.3>
min f ' c=25 MPa <AS 3600 T 4.4>
'
closen f c=32 MPa

Ec =30100 MPa
<AS 3600 T 3.1.2>
k 3 =0.95
Without drop panel <AS 3600 9.3.4.1>
k 4=1.75
end span <AS 3600 9.3.4.1>
k cs =21.2 A sc / A st
<AS 3600 8.5.3.2>
k cs =2 A sc =0

s=1
Storage <AS 1170.0 T 4.1>
l=0.6
Storage <AS 1170.0 T 4.1>

Total deflection:
1
= =0.004
Lef 250 <AS 3600 T 2.3.2>

Fd .ef =( 1.0+ k cs ) g+ ( s+ k cs l ) q
<AS 3600 9.3.4.1>
Fd .ef =( 1.0+2 ) 5.75+ ( 1+2 0.6 ) 5

Fd .ef =28.25 kN

Lef =Lcolumn width+ D

Lef =4600500+190

Lef =4290 mm
1 /3

[ ]

Lef
k3 k 4
( )
Lef
1000 E c

d F d . ef

1/ 3

[ ]
1
4290
0.95 1.75
( )
250
1000 30100

d 28.25

d 159.1572 mm

Incremental deflection:
1
= =0.002
Lef 500 <AS 3600 T 2.3.2>

Fd .ef =k cs g + ( s +k cs l ) q
<AS 3600 9.3.4.1>
Fd .ef =2 5.75+ ( 1+2 0.6 ) 5

Fd .ef =22.5 kN

Lef =Lcolumn width+ D

Le f =4600500+190

Lef =4290 mm
1 /3

[( ]

Lef
k3 k 4
Lef)1000 E c

d F d . ef

1/ 3

[ ]
1
4290
0.95 1.75
( )
500
1000 30100

d 22.5

d 185.8764 mm

Incremental deflection is critical.


hence, minimum depth is 185.8764 mm
1
D=d+ ( diameter)+cover
2

12
D=185.8764 mm+ +25
2

D=216.8764 mm

Take D=225 mm

Design Moment Capacity

Let take region 5 as the sample calculation for x-direction.

Lsy =500 MPa


5000 mm
f ' c=32 MPa

3777.5 mm
cover =25 mm

mm
Bar diameter = 12 mm
D=225 mm

12
d=225 25
2

d = 194mm
column width=500 mm

Lx =5000 mm

L y =3777.5 mm

b=3777.5 mm

L=5000mm
Lt=3777.5mm

3777.5
Lcolumnstrip =
2

5000
Lcolumnstrip =1888.75mm<
2 OK!
1
Lmiddle strip = (Lcolumnstrip )
2

1
Lmiddle strip = (3777.51888.75)
2

Lmiddle strip =944.375 mm

=0.8 <AS 3600 T 2.2.2>

Design Moment:
Lo=L0.7(column width)

Lo=50000.7(500)

Lo=4650 mm

Self Weight , G=25 0.225+1 1kPa = superimposed load


Self Weight , G=6.625 kPa

Imposed load , Q=5 kPa <AS 1170.1 T 3.1>


Fd =1.2 G+1.5Q

Fd =1.2 6.625+1.5 5

Fd =15.45 kPa

Total Static Moment,


2
F D Lt L o
Mo=
8

15.45 3777.5 46502


Mo=
8

Mo=157.7426 kNm

Moment Distributed:
LH Center RH
L (mm) 0 2325 4650
M
Distributed 0.65XMo 0.35XMo 0.65XMo
M (kNm) -102.533 55.20989 -102.533

Bending Moment Diagram


150

100

50

0
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
-50

-100

Moment Distribution at column strip:


LH Center RH
L (mm) 0 2325 4650
M
Distributed 0.75XMo 0. 5XMo 0.75XMo
M (kNm) -76.8995 27.60495 -76.8995

Bending Moment Diagram


100
80
60
40
20
0
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000
-20
-40
Crack Control:
Min Ast needed:
D f ct '
2
0.24 ( )
d fsy <AS 3600 9.1.1>

2
0.24( ) 0.650032 =0.002169
225
19 4

Ast = 0.002191bd
Ast = 0.0021911000194
Min. Ast=42 5. 1388 mm2 /m

Min Ast for shrinkage and temperature:


Ast=75 BD 103 <AS 3600 9.4.3.4>
Ast=0.75 1000 225 103

Ast=590.625 mm2 /m

N12-150 is chosen for bar size because it was used for one-way slab and two-way slab as well.
2 2
Ast for N12-150 = 753 mm / m> 590.625mm /m OK!

2=1.00.003 f ' c 0.67 2 0.85


<AS 3600 8.1.3(1)>
2=1.00.003 32

2=0.8 5

=1.050.007 f ' c 0.67 0.85 <AS 3600 8.1.3(2)>


=1.050.007 32

=0.82 6

Maximum Moment for column Strip:


76.8995 kNm
Mper m=
1888.75 m

Mper m=40.7145 Nm/m

=0.8

Moment Capacity , Mu= 0.95 d f sy A st

Moment Capacity , Mu=0.8 0.95 194 500 753 /1000000

Moment Capacity , Mu=55.5116 kNm/ m> Mper m OK!

dn
M u=C c ( d )
2

C c = 2 f ' c b k u d

C c =0.85 32 1000 0.826 dn

C c =22467.2d n

40.7145 1000000 0.826 d n


=22467.2 d n (194 )
0.8 2

50893115=9278.954 d n2+ 4358637 d n


d n=11.982 mm

C c =T

22467.2 d n=f sy A st

22467.2d n
A st =
f sy

22467.211.982
A st =
500

A st =538.405 mm2 /m < 753 mm2 /m OK!

N12-150 is sufficient for slab.

Similar procedures are carried out for other regions and y-direction.

The summary of results from each region is as shown in table below: