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# Geometric Construction 3

Tangent Lines
Tangent Arcs
TANGENT LINES
LINE TANGENT TO THE POINT
ON AN ARC
1. Find the center of the arc, label it point O.
2. Connect points O and C.
3. Extend line OC with the length of the
extension equal to line OC. Label the other
end as D.
4. Bisect line OD. Label the intersections as E
and F.
5. Line EF is tangent to arc AB.
LINE TANGENT TO THE POINT
ON AN ARC
Given: Arc AB and point C

B
LINE TANGENT TO THE POINT
ON AN ARC
Given: Arc AB and point C

O C D

B
LINE TANGENT TO AN ARC PASSING
THROUGH A POINT OUTSIDE THE ARC

## 1. Find the center of an arc. Label the point as

O.
2. Connect points O and C.
3. Bisect line OC. Label the midpoint as D.
4. Using D as center and OD as radius, draw an
arc intersecting arc Circle O. Label the
intersection as E.
5. Connect point E to point C. Line EC is tangent
to arc AB.
LINE TANGENT TO AN ARC PASSING
THROUGH A POINT OUTSIDE THE ARC

## Given: Arc AB and point C

+ C
O
+
O D C
ARC OF RADIUS R TANGENT TO A
POINT ON A LINE

## Given: Line AB and radius R

R
A

B
ARC OF RADIUS R TANGENT TO A
POINT ON A LINE

## 1. Draw a line perpendicular to line AB passing

through point C.
2. Using B as center and radius R, draw an arc
intersecting the perpendicular line at point
D.
3. Using D as center, draw the circle.
A

D C

B
ARC TANGENT TO A POINT ON A LINE
PASSINGTHROUGH A POINT OUTSIDE
THE LINE.
1. Draw a line perpendicular to line AB passing
through point C.
2. Connect point P and point C.
3. Bisect line CP. Label the intersection of line
CB and CP as O.
4. Using O as center and radius equal to OC,
draw a circle.
ARC TANGENT TO A POINT ON A LINE
PASSINGTHROUGH A POINT OUTSIDE
THE LINE.
Given: Line AB and point P

B
A

O C

B
ARC EXTERNALLY TANGENT TO
ANOTHER ARC
Given: Circle O and radius R
R
ARC EXTERNALLY TANGENT TO
ANOTHER ARC
1. Find the center of the arc. Label the center
as O.
3. Using O as center and radius M, draw a
circle. Anywhere on the drawn circle is the
center of the circle that is externally tangent
to the given arc.
R

O
ARC INTERNALLY TANGENT TO
ANOTHER ARC
Given: Circle O and radius R
R
ARC INTERNALLY TANGENT TO
ANOTHER ARC
1. Find the center of the arc. Label the center
as O.
circle O, name the new radius as M.
3. Using O as center and radius M, draw a
circle. Anywhere on the drawn circle is the
center of the circle that is internally tangent
to the given arc.
R

O
LINE INTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## Given: Circles O and P

+ +P
O
LINE INTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## 1. Connect points O and P.

2. Draw line perpendicular to Line OP and
intersecting the circle at point A. Repeat the
step using point P intersecting the circle at
point B.
3. Connect point A to point B. Label the
intersection of Line AB and Line OP as C.
LINE INTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## 4. Using point C as a common point outside of

both circles, and the procedure for
determining point of tangency of a line to a
circle, locate point T1 on circle O and T2 on
circle P.
5. Connect T1 and T2. Line T1T2 is tangent to
circles O and P.
LINE INTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## Given: Circles O and P

A
T1
T1

C
+ +P
O

T2
B
T2
LINE EXTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## Given: Circles O and P

+ +P
O
LINE EXTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## 1. Connect points O and P.

2. Subtract the radius of the smaller circle (r2)
from the radius of the bigger(r1) and let it be
r3.
3. Determine the midpoint M of line OP.
4. Using O as center and radius r, draw a circle.
5. Using M as center and radius OM, draw an
arc intersecting circle O at points A and B.
6. Draw lines AP and BP.
LINE EXTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## 7. Draw perpendicular lines from points A, B

and P that intersects circle O at points 1 and
2 and circle P at points 3 and 4.
8. Connect point 1 and 3, and points 2 and 4.
These are the external tangents.
LINE EXTERNALLY TANGENT TO
TWO CIRCLES

## Given: Circles O and P

T1
T1
A
r3 r2
+ +P
r1 O
M
B

T2 T2

r3 = r1 - r2
SMOOTH CURVE
Given: line

A
O

T
R

S
SMOOTH CURVE
1. Using O as center and radius equal to OA,
strike an arc intersecting line OP at point B.
2. Draw perpendicular lines to points A and B.
3. The intersection of the two perpendiculars is
the center of the arc. Label it C.
4. Using point and radius CA a draw the arc.
5. Repeat the steps.
SMOOTH CURVE
Given: line

A
O

C B Q

T
R