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Sistema Longitudinal en bodegas

1) Mdulo de seccin bsico


SMb = C1*C2*L^2*B*(Cb + 0.7) 93.687021 cm^2 .m
donde
C1=16.33(L/100)2 15.47(L/100) + 7.7 6.3863
C2 = 0.01 (1.44 10-4) 0.01
Cb= 0.93
L= 10 m

2) separacion entre longitudinales


s=508+0.83L 516.3 mm
s apropiado 500 mm

3) Plancha de cubierta 3.1) Plancha de cubierta en


t = 0.066L + 2.5 mm 3.16 mm t = 0.03L + 0.0036s + 2.8 mm

t=
s= 500 mm s=
L 10 m L=
t apropiado 8 mm (5/16'') t apropiado

4) planchas de costado 4.1) Planchas de pantoque


t = 0.069L + 0.007s -1 mm L<73m
s 500 mm La misma que de costado
L 10 m
3.19 mm
t apropiado 8mm (5/16'')

5) Planchas de fondo Plancha del doble fondo


t = 0.069L + 0.007s - 0.5 mm El mismo espesor que el fondo
s 500 mm
L 10 m
3.69
t apropiado 8mm (5/16'')

6) Planchas de costado en proa y popa


t = 0.055L + 0.007s + 1.0 mm L 76 m
s 500 mm
L 60 m
7.8 mm
t apropiado 8mm (5/16'')
7) Planchas de fondo en proa
t = 0.055L + 0.01s + 1.0 mm L 110 m
s 500 mm
L 60 m
9.3
t apropiado 9.5 mm (3/8")

8) Posicin del mamparo de colisn L=


minimo 0.05L m L < 200 m 0.5
maximo 0.05L + 3.66 m L < 122 m 4.16
tomamos 4m

Posicin del mamparo de pique de popa


tomamos 0.05L 3m

9) Espesor de mamparo estanco y colisin


t = (sh^0.5/290) + 1.0 mm >4.5
s= 500 mm Distancia entre refuerzos del mamparo
h= 4.24 m (M6,M29) t=
h= 3.962 m M31 t=
h= 3.617 m M3 t=
h= 1.38 M0,M33 t=

10) Espesor de mamparo de tanque, contorno ( transversal)


k= 1 q= 1
s= 500 mm
h= 3.2
t= 6.02136689 mm 1/4"

11) Mxima separacin entre mamparos (Recomendacin)


S = 0.153L + 3.81 m L < 122 m
L 60 m
s recomendado 12.99 m
s tomado 11 m

* Mamparo longitudinal de tanque


t = 0.0521L + 4.8 mm
L 60 m
t minimo 7.926 mm
t apropiado 8 mm (5/16'')
Elementos principales

12) Longitudinales de cubierta


SM = 7.8*c*s*h*l^2
c 1.75
s 0.5 m
h 1.96
l 1
SM requerido 13.377 cm^3

13) Longitudinales de costado


SM = 7.8*c*s*h*l^2
1) Plancha de cubierta en sala de bombas c 1.25
= 0.03L + 0.0036s + 2.8 mm s 0.24 m
h 0.76 (sin considerar el panto
10 l 1
1500 SM requerido 1.7784 cm^3
60
12.5 mm (1/2")

1) Planchas de pantoque
14) Longitudinales de fondo
misma que de costado SM = 7.8*c*s*h*l^2
c 0.915
s 0.5
h 1 (desde el fondo hasta 1
l 1
ancha del doble fondo SM requerido 3.5685 cm^3
mismo espesor que el fondo

Elementos Auxiliares

15) Bao Reforzado para tankes, proa y pop


SM = 7.8*c*h*s*l^2
c 1.08
s 1
h 0.09 (h=0.02L+0.76)=
l 3 (media manga)
SM requerido 6.82344 cm^3
SM requerido 386.4996 en sala de bombas
15.5) Esloras
SM = 4.74*c*h*s*l^2
c= 1 s=
h= 1.96 l=
16) Cuaderna Reforzada= Bulrcama
SM = 7.8*c*h*s*l^2
c 1
s 1
10 h 0.5
l 1
SM requerido 3.9 cm^3

17) Varenga Reforzada


SM = 7.8*c*h*s*l^2
c 1 L=
e refuerzos del mamparo s 1
4.5502173 6.4 1/4" h 1
4.4318575 4.5 1/4" l 3
4.2790366 4.5 1/4" SM requerido 70.2
3.0254035 8 3/16"
17.1) longitudinales de doble fondo=longitudinale

17.2) Refuerzos del mamparo longitudinal de dob


SM = 7.8*c*h*s*l^2
c= 1.08
nsversal) s= 0.5
h= 3.25
l= 0.75
SM= 7.7000625 L60x60x6
Center girder= PL 3/8"

Previo a los mamparos corrugados


t = (sh^0.5/254) + 1.78 mm
Calculo de altura de presin en los tanques
p=h=0.000977*324.2 kg-f/cm^2=
h=*ht+10*p
ht=3.242m 3.242
h= 6.409 m
Varengas de doble fondo
s= 500
h= 6.409
t= 6.7634651268
se usar una pancha de 5/16"
Refuerzos de las varengas

c= 1.08
s= 0.5
h= 3.865
l= 0.75
SM= 9.15715125 L50x50x4
Tanques:
Mdulo de seccin de los refuerzos de mamparos

Espesor de los mamparos de contorno

s= 500
h= 3.08
t= 5.2347103887
t apropiado= 6.4=1/4" OK
Refuerzos de los mamparos de costado

c= 1
s= 0.5
h= 2.825
l= 3.25
SM= 116.37234375
Refuerzos de los mamparos de proa y popa

c= 1
s= 0.5
h= 2.825
l= 3.25
SM= 116.37234375

Mamparos corrugados
transversales
a= 294
b= 210
c= 290
d= 224
t= 6
SM= 247.744
Longitudinal
a= 294
b= 210
c= 290
d= 224
t= 6 1/4"
Longitudinales del doble casco

c= 1.08
s= 0.5
h= 6.409 Altura de presin calcul
l= 2
SM= 107.978832 cm^3
ala
alma

L100x50x8 OK

ala
alma
considerar el pantoque hasta por 1m encima de la cubierta)

L100x80x10R9

ala
alma
sde el fondo hasta 1m por encima d la cubierta)

L150x75x10 ok

0.96

a tankes, proa y popa


p=32.03kN/m^2
ala
alma
0.02L+0.76)= p/7.07 m (en la sala de bombas)
edia manga) h=4.53
L140x90x12 ok
sala de bombas L200x100x14 OK

SM= 111.4848
3 T 140x6/70x10
2

ala
alma

L130x90x12 OK

10
t= 6.36

plancha de 8.16 mm (9.5) OK

ndo=longitudinalesde fondo.

ngitudinal de doble fondo

ok

0.3167

altura de presion en el fondo de los tanques


OK

zos de mamparos

L120x80x12
proa y popa

L120x80x12
cm^3

ura de presin calculada anteriormente

L120x80x12
Length Thickness
Member (cm) (cm)
Stiffener Flange 0 0
Stiffener Web 8 0.64
Plating 50 0.64
Sums =

Area = 37.120
C.G Height of NA = 0.916
Inerc. C.G Moment about NA = 110.77

Length Thickness
Member (cm) (cm)
Stiffener Flange 0 0
Stiffener Web 5 0.64
Plating 24 0.64
Sums =

Area = 18.560
Height of NA = 0.806
2nd Moment about NA = 28.25

Length Thickness
Member (cm) (cm)
Stiffener Flange 0 0
Stiffener Web 8 1.25
Plating 50 0.64
Sums =

Area = 42.000
Height of NA = 1.349
2nd Moment about NA = 196.62

180

PARA T'S
Length Thickness
Member (cm) (cm)
Stiffener Flange 0 0
Stiffener Web 18 0.64
Plating 100 0.64
Sums =
Area = 75.520
Y Height of NA = 1.742
2nd Moment about NA = 1161.24

Length Thickness
Member (in) (in)
Stiffener Flange 0 0
Stiffener Web 18 0.64
Plating 40 0.64
Sums =

Area = 37.120
Height of NA = 3.212
2nd Moment about NA = 1002.02

Length Thickness
Member (in) (in)
Stiffener Flange 0 0
Stiffener Web 18 0.8
Plating 100 0.64
Sums =

Area = 78.400
Height of NA = 2.032
2nd Moment about NA = 1412.06

Cartelas

De los refuerzos de los mamparos de cofferdam


Al longitudinal de cubierta
y= 180 ESCOGIDO
x= 282 200
H= 120
H/3= 40
f 398.8082245892 300
tw= 5mm de tabla

Al longitudinal de fondo
y= 150 plancha
x= 240 ala
H= 150 ancho de al
H/3= 50
f 339.4112549695 450
tw= escogido

Cartelas de pantoque
A los transversales de costado y cubierta
y= 200 plancha
x= 310 ala
H= 200 ancho de al
H/3= 66.6666666667
f 438.4062043357 450
tw= escogido

A los transversales de fondo


y= 200 plancha
x= 310 ala
H= 200 ancho de al
H/3= 66.6666666667
f 438.4062043357
tw= escogido
Cartelas en los tanques
Transversales de costado y cubierta
y= 100
x= 170
H= 100
H/3= 33.3333333333
f 240.4163056034 250
tw= 5
A*y^2 mom. De inercia
Area y-bar Product 2nd Product Local i
(cm2) (cm) (cm3) (cm4) (cm4)
0.000 8.640 0.000 0.000 0.000
5.120 4.640 23.757 110.232 27.307
32.000 0.320 10.240 3.277 1.092
37.120 33.997 113.508 28.399

cm2 Height = 8.64 cm


cm SM Top = -14.34 cm3
cm4 SM Bottom = 120.95 cm3

Area y-bar Product 2nd Product Local i


(cm2) (cm) (cm3) (cm4) (cm4)
0.000 5.640 0.000 0.000 0.000
3.200 3.140 10.048 31.551 6.667
15.360 0.320 4.915 1.573 0.524
18.560 14.963 33.124 7.191

cm2 Height = 5.64 cm


cm SM Top = -5.84 cm3
cm4 SM Bottom = 35.04 cm3

Area y-bar Product 2nd Product Local i


(cm2) (cm) (cm3) (cm4) (cm4)
0.000 8.640 0.000 0.000 0.000
10.000 4.640 46.400 215.296 53.333
32.000 0.320 10.240 3.277 1.092
42.000 56.640 218.573 54.426

cm2 Height = 8.64 cm


cm SM Top = -26.97 cm3
cm4 SM Bottom = 145.80 cm3

Area y-bar Product 2nd Product Local i I_TOTAL


(cm2) (in) (in3) (in4) (in4) mm4
0.000 18.640 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11.520 9.640 111.053 1070.549 311.040 1029.695
64.000 0.320 20.480 6.554 2.185 131.542
75.520 16.898 131.533 1077.103 313.225 1161.237
7.898
in2 1.422 Height = 18.64 in
in SM Top = -68.72 in3
in4 SM Bottom = 666.73 in3

Area y-bar Product 2nd Product Local i


(in2) (in) (in3) (in4) (in4)
0.000 18.640 0.000 0.000 0.000
11.520 9.640 111.053 1070.549 311.040
25.600 0.320 8.192 2.621 0.874
37.120 119.245 1073.170 311.914

in2 Height = 18.64 in


in SM Top = -64.95 in3
in4 SM Bottom = 311.92 in3

Area y-bar Product 2nd Product Local i


(in2) (in) (in3) (in4) (in4)
0.000 18.640 0.000 0.000 0.000
14.400 9.640 138.816 1338.186 388.800
64.000 0.320 20.480 6.554 2.185
78.400 159.296 1344.740 390.985

in2 Height = 18.64 in


in SM Top = -85.02 in3
in4 SM Bottom = 694.97 in3

6.5mm
5mm
38mm

6.5mm
5mm
38mm

6.5mm
5mm
38mm
PIQUE DE PROA Y POPA
Elementos Principales

18) Baos
SM = 7.8*c*s*h*l^2
c 0.585 ala
s 1.5 alma
h 1.41
l 3.00 tres esloras
SM requerido 86.86 cm^3
L100x65x10

19) Cuaderna
SM = 7.8*c*s*h*l^2
c 1
s 1.5
h 1.981
l 3.962
SM requerido 363.83065 cm^3

L200x100x14

20) Varenga
SM = 7.8*c*s*h*l^2
c 1.25 ala
s 1.5 alma
h 4.22
l 3.00
SM requerido 555.46 cm^3
Plancha de 6.4mm (1/4")

Elementos Secundarios en pique de proa y popa

21) Eslora
SM = 4.74*c*s*h*l^2
c 2
s 3.00
h 1.96
l 1.5
SM requerido 125.4204 cm^3
T180x5/80x8

22) Vagra
SM = 4.74*c*s*h*l^2
c 0.585
s 3.00
h 4.24
l 1.5
SM requerido 79.360398 cm^3
T156x6/50x6

Elementos Secundarios en sala de bombas

23) Eslora
SM = 4.74*c*s*h*l^2
c 2 ala
s 3.00 alma
h 1.22
l 1.5
SM requerido 78.0678 cm^3
L100x100x6

24) Vagra
SM = 4.74*c*s*h*l^2
c 1.75
s 2.00
h 4.22
l 3
SM requerido 630.0882 cm^3

NO
Length Thickness Area y-bar Product 2nd Product
Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3) (in4)
Stiffener Flange 6.5 1 6.500 10.750 69.875 751.156
Stiffener Web 9 1 9.000 5.750 51.750 297.563
Plating 100 1.25 125.000 0.625 78.125 48.828
Sums = 140.500 199.750 1097.547

Area = 140.500 in2 Height = 11.25


Height of NA = 1.422 in SM Top = -90.67
2nd Moment about NA = 891.13 in4 SM Bottom = 626.80

Length Thickness Area y-bar Product 2nd Product


Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3) (in4)
Stiffener Flange 10 1.4 14.000 20.100 281.400 5656.140
Stiffener Web 18.6 1.4 26.040 10.100 263.004 2656.340
Plating 138 0.8 110.400 0.400 44.160 17.664
Sums = 150.440 588.564 8330.144

Area = 150.440 in2 Height = 20.8


Height of NA = 3.912 in SM Top = -401.86
2nd Moment about NA = 6786.42 in4 SM Bottom = 1734.64

Length Thickness Area y-bar Product 2nd Product


Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3) (in4)
Stiffener Flange 20 0.8 16.000 30.400 486.400 14786.560
Stiffener Web 29.2 0.8 23.360 15.400 359.744 5540.058
Plating 66.67 0.8 53.336 0.400 21.334 8.534
Sums = 92.696 867.478 20335.151

Area = 92.696 in2 Height = 30.8


Height of NA = 9.358 in SM Top = -647.36
2nd Moment about NA = 13880.52 in4 SM Bottom = 1483.23

Length Thickness Area y-bar Product 2nd Product


Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3) (in4)
Stiffener Flange 8 0.8 6.400 18.400 117.760 2166.784
Stiffener Web 17.2 0.5 8.600 9.400 80.840 759.896
Plating 66.67 0.8 53.336 0.400 21.334 8.534
Sums = 68.336 219.934 2935.214
Area = 68.336 in2 Height = 18.8
Height of NA = 3.218 in SM Top = -156.76
2nd Moment about NA = 2442.58 in4 SM Bottom = 758.93

Length Thickness Area y-bar Product 2nd Product


Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3) (in4)
Stiffener Flange 5 0.6 3.000 16.100 48.300 777.630
Stiffener Web 15 0.6 9.000 8.300 74.700 620.010
Plating 200 0.8 160.000 0.400 64.000 25.600
Sums = 172.000 187.000 1423.240

Area = 172.000 in2 Height = 16.4


Height of NA = 1.087 in SM Top = -91.25
2nd Moment about NA = 1397.31 in4 SM Bottom = 1285.22

Length Thickness Area y-bar Product 2nd Product


Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3) (in4)
Stiffener Flange 10 0.6 6.000 10.950 65.700 719.415
Stiffener Web 9.4 0.6 5.640 5.950 33.558 199.670
Plating 66.67 1.25 83.338 0.625 52.086 32.554
Sums = 94.978 151.344 951.639

Area = 94.978 in2 Height = 11.25


Height of NA = 1.593 in SM Top = -79.02
2nd Moment about NA = 763.04 in4 SM Bottom = 478.85

la longitud del alma de la vagra es 30cm para que la relacion (Elem mayor/Elem menor) sea mayor
Length Thickness Area y-bar Product 2nd Product
Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3) (in4)
Stiffener Flange 20 0.8 16.000 31.200 499.200 15575.040
Stiffener Web 30 0.8 24.000 15.800 379.200 5991.360
Plating 200 0.8 160.000 0.400 64.000 25.600
Sums = 200.000 942.400 21592.000

Area = 200.000 in2 Height = 31.6


Height of NA = 4.712 in SM Top = -705.18
2nd Moment about NA = 18960.80 in4 SM Bottom = 4023.94
Refuerzos de Mamparos

Local i 25) De Colision y estancos


(in4) SM = 7.8chsQl^2 cm3
0.542 c 0.56
60.750 s 0.5
16.276 h 4.34 h=0.8l+1.22 l es tomada en el centro
77.568 Q 1
l 3.9
in SM requerid 144.17 cm^3
in3 180 25%ms para mamparo de colision
in3 L140x90x14

Local i 26) De Tanques (para mamapros transversales y longitu


(in4) SM = 7.8chsQl^2 cm3
2.287 c 1 para refuerzos verticales
750.733 s 0.5
5.888 h 3.2
758.908 Q 1 L150x90x12
l 4
in SM requerid 199.68 cm^3
in3 c= 0.9 refuerzos horizontales
in3 s= 0.5
h= 3.2
Q= 1
Local i l= 4.00
(in4) SM requerid 199.68 cm^3 L150x90x12
0.853
1659.806 27) puntales de los tanques
2.845
1663.504 n= 1.07
b= 3
in h= 3.25
in3 s= 2
in3 W= 20.865 t-f
Carga permisible

Local i l= 342.1
(in4) r= 4.56 HEB180 180x14x180x8.5
0.341 A= 65.3
212.019 W= -20.911173 Apropiado!
2.845
215.205
in
in3
in3

Local i
(in4)
0.090
168.750
8.533
177.373

in
in3
in3

Local i
(in4)
0.180
41.529
10.851
52.560

in
in3
in3

em menor) sea mayor o igual a 2.5


Local i
(in4)
0.853
1800.000
8.533
1809.387

in
in3
in3
Length Thickness Area y-bar Product
Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3)
Stiffener Flange 9 1.4 12.600 13.750 173.250
Stiffener Web 12.6 1.4 17.640 6.750 119.070
s tomada en el centroPlating 50 0.45 22.500 0.225 5.063
Sums = 52.740 297.383

Area = 52.740 in2 Height =


amparo de colision Height of NA = 5.639 in SM Top =
2nd Moment about NA = 1746.03 in4 SM Bottom =

nsversales y longitudinales) Length Thickness Area y-bar Product


Member (in) (in) (in2) (in) (in3)
Stiffener Flange 9 1.2 10.800 15.040 162.432
Stiffener Web 13.8 1.2 16.560 7.540 124.862
Plating 50 0.64 32.000 0.320 10.240
Sums = 59.360 297.534

Area = 59.360 in2 Height =


Height of NA = 5.012 in SM Top =
2nd Moment about NA = 2161.56 in4 SM Bottom =

50x90x12

180x14x180x8.5 7"x7"
2nd Product Local i
(in4) (in4)
2382.188 2.058
803.723 233.377
1.139 0.380
3187.049 235.815

14.45 in
-198.16 in3
309.65 in3

2nd Product Local i


(in4) (in4)
2442.977 1.296
941.462 262.807
3.277 1.092
3387.717 265.195

15.64 in
-203.39 in3
431.24 in3
y1 x1 t1 L1
30.5 0 55.5
mamp long y bao refor. 250 380.5 0 406.5
mamp long y varenga refor. 300 450.5 0 477.5
200 310.5 0 338.5
30.5 0 59.5
300 450.5 0 480.5
150 240.5 0 271.5
160 254.5 0 286.5
30.5 0 63.5
100 170.5 0 204.5
120 198.5 0 233.5
50 100.5 0 136.5
30 72.5 0 109.5
80 142.5 0 180.5
30.5 0 69.5
30.5 0 70.5
30.5 0 71.5
30.5 0 72.5
30.5 0 73.5
30.5 0 74.5
y2 x2 t2 L2 e
30.5 0 55.5 25
30.5 83.333333 139.83333 26
30.5 100 157.5 27
30.5 66.666667 125.16667 28
30.5 0 59.5 29
30.5 100 160.5 30
30.5 50 111.5 31
30.5 53.333333 115.83333 32
30.5 0 63.5 33
30.5 33.333333 97.833333 34
30.5 40 105.5 35
30.5 16.666667 83.166667 36
30.5 10 77.5 37
30.5 26.666667 95.166667 38
30.5 0 69.5 39
30.5 0 70.5 40
30.5 0 71.5 41
30.5 0 72.5 42
30.5 0 73.5 43
30.5 0 74.5 44
y x z w tz; z100
Bao/Cuaderna 200 310.5 250 380.5 125
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
30.5 30.5 0
ty; y100tz; z>100 ty; y>100 f espesor lado
100 83.3333 66.6666666667 389.51854 6.3 418.83333
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 0
Cartela y x
Cuaderna reforz/Bao reforz 200 310.5
Varenga reforz/Cuaderna reforz 200 310.5
Long.Cub/ref.mamp 50 100.5
Long.fond/ref.mamp 100 170.5
Long.Cub/mamp 50 100.5
Long.fond/mamp 100 170.5
Long.costado/mamp 80 142.5
Esl/mamp (paol.proa) 150 240.5
Esl/ref.mamp (paol.proa) 150 240.5
Vagra/mamp (paol.proa) 350 520.5
Vagra/ref.mamp (paol.proa) 350 520.5
Esl/ref.mamp (pique.proa) 200 310.5
Vagra/ref.mamp (pique.proa) 350 520.5
Cuaderna/Bao 150 240.5
Varenga /Cuaderna 100 170.5
Esl/mamp (sala maq) 100 170.5
Esl/ref.mamp (sala maq) 100 170.5
Vagra/mamp (sala maq) 200 310.5
Vagra/ref.mamp (sala maq) 200 310.5
Esl/ref.mamp (pique.popa) 200 310.5
Vagra/ref.mamp (pique.popa) 350 520.5
z w tz ty f l esp mm Comercial
250 380.5 83.3 66.7 427.5 418.8 6.3 f
300 450.5 100.0 66.7 478.3 435.5 8 f305
150 240.5 50.0 25.0 219.8 175.5 5 305f455
150 240.5 50.0 50.0 241.1 245.5 5 455f660
125.5 0.0 25.0 128.8 125.5 5 660f915
195.5 0.0 50.0 211.7 195.5 5 915f137
167.5 0.0 40.0 178.5 167.5 5
265.5 0.0 50.0 309.9 265.5 6.3
150 240.5 50.0 50.0 294.8 315.5 5
545.5 0.0 116.7 661.9 545.5 9.5
150 240.5 50.0 116.7 530.8 595.5 8
100 170.5 50.0 66.7 321.6 385.5 6.3
100 170.5 50.0 116.7 521.6 595.5 8
60 114.5 30.0 50.0 244.6 295.5 5
150 240.5 50.0 50.0 241.1 245.5 5
195.5 0.0 50.0 211.7 195.5 5
150 240.5 50.0 50.0 241.1 245.5 5
335.5 0.0 66.7 397.9 335.5 6.3
150 240.5 50.0 66.7 346.5 385.5 6.3
100 170.5 50.0 66.7 321.6 385.5 6.3
100 170.5 50.0 116.7 521.6 595.5 8
Espesor de cartela mm Ancho de ala
Plana Con ala ala
5 - -
6.3 5 38 (1 1/2'')
8 6.3 50 (2'')
9.5 8 63 (2 1/2'')
11 9.5 75 (3'')

t = mz
z100 m=1/2
z>100 m=1/3

x =1.4y+30.5
l=x+e+t
e=25mm