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DAFTAR KELOMPOK V (LIMA) 2011

1. Ahmad Syahid H1C111001


2. Ramadhani Febrian Malta H1C111007
3. Agustian Aspiannur H1C111019
4. Andhika Noor Aji Krisna H1C111029
5. Afrizi Rahman H1C111041
6. Guntur Akbar Ridhani H1C111051
7. Yuliana H1C111059
8. Muhammad Azmi Rahman H1C111212
9. Dahni H1C111216
10. Akhmad Rezni Ilhami H1C111220

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR

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Disusun untuk memenuhi salah satu syarat kelulusan mata kuliah

Fisika Dasar

Program Studi Teknik Pertambangan, Fakultas Teknik

Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Disusun Oleh :

Muhammad Azmi Rahman


H1C111212

Disetujui di Banjarbaru, Juni 2014


Dosen Pembimbing Laporan

______________

Telah dinyatakan menyelesaikan Praktikum Fisika Dasar yang dilaksanakan


pada tanggal 27 Mei 2014 sampai dengan 04 Juni 2014.
Asisten Praktikum Fisika Dasar :

a. Asisten I

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Supriadi
H1C109030

b. Asisten II

Azhar Hanafi
H1C109010

c. Asisten III
Ema Tri Wahana
H1C109021
d. Asisten IV

M. Fajar Prawira
H1C109058

e. Asisten V
Nurkholis Sutrisno
H1C109063
f. Asisten VI

Satrio Ramadhan
H1C109070

KATA PENGANTAR

Dengan memanjatkan puji syukur kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, atas
rahmat-Nyalah sehingga laporan ini dapat diselesaikan tepat pada waktunya seperti
apa yang diharapkan oleh penyusun.
Pada kesempatan ini, perkenankan penyusun menyampaikan terima kasih
yang sebesar-besarnya kepada :

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1. Bapak Dr. Ing Yulian Firmana Arifin, ST, MT selaku Dekan Fakultas Teknik
Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
2. Bapak Riswan, MT selaku Ketua Program Studi Teknik Pertambangan
Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
3. Bapak Salmani, MT selaku Dosen Mata Kuliah Fisika Dasar dan Fisika dasar II.
4. Seluruh Asisten Praktikum Fisika Dasar yang telah membimbing serta membantu
selama praktikum berlangsung.
5. Seluruh rekan-rekan dan semua pihak yang telah membantu praktikan dalam
menyusun laporan Praktikum Fisika Dasar ini.
Penyusun menyadari bahwa laporan ini masih sangat jauh dari sempurna,
oleh karena itu penyusun mengharapkan kritik dan saran yang bersifat membangun
demi kesempurnaan laporan ini. Akhir kata semoga laporan ini dapat bermanfaat bagi
semua kegiatan studi selanjutnya, baik dalam teori maupun prakteknya.

Banjarbaru, Juni 2014

Penyusun

DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

COVER i
DAFTAR KELOMPOK ii
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN iii
KATA PENGANTAR vi
DAFTAR ISI vii
DAFTAR GAMBAR x
DAFTAR TABEL xiii
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN xiv

BAB I ALAT UKUR DASAR LISTRIK

1.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... 1-1


1.2. Dasar Teori.......................................................................... 1-1

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1.3. Alat dan Bahan................................................................... 1-6
1.4. Prosedur Kerja.................................................................... 1-7
1.5. Pengolahan Data..................................................................... 1-8

BAB II USAHA DAN ENERGI

2.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... 2-1


2.2. Dasar Teori.............................................................................. 2-1
2.3. Alat dan Bahan .................................................................. 2-6
2.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ 2-8
2.5. Pengolahan Data................................................................. 2-10
2.5.1. Tabel Pengamatan Usaha............................................ 2-10
2.5.2. Grafik...................................................................... 2-12
2.5.3. Analisis Perhitungan Sudut dan Grade....................... 2-14
2.6. Pembahasan............................................................................ 2-14

BAB III HUKUM KIRCHOFF

3.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... 3-1


3.2. Dasar Teori.............................................................................. 3-1
3.3. Alat dan Bahan .................................................................. 3-6
3.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ 3-10
3.5. Pengolahan Data................................................................. 3-12
3.6. Pembahasan............................................................................ 3-13

BAB IV PEMBAHASAN

4.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... 4-1


4.2. Dasar Teori.............................................................................. 4-1
4.3. Alat dan Bahan .................................................................. 4-6
4.4. Persiapan Percobaan dan Prosedur Kerja............................... 4-12
4.5. Pengolahan Data................................................................. 4-15
4.6. Pembahasan............................................................................ 4-15
BAB V GAYA LORENTZ
5.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... 5-1
5.2. Dasar Teori.............................................................................. 5-1
5.3. Alat dan Bahan .................................................................. 5-7
5.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ 5-11
5.5. Pengolahan Data................................................................. 5-13
5.6. Pembahasan............................................................................ 5-13
BAB VI PESAWAT SEDERHANA SISTEM KATROL
6.1. Tujuan Praktikum.................................................................... 6-1
6.2. Dasar Teori.............................................................................. 6-1
6.3. Alat dan Bahan .................................................................. 6-5
6.4. Prosedur Kerja........................................................................ 6-11
6.5. Hasil Pengamatan dan Pengolahan Data............................ 6-13
6.6. Pembahasan............................................................................ 6-13

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BAB VII PENUTUP

7.1. Kesimpulan ........................................................................ 7-1


7.2. Saran .................................................................................. 7-2

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

LAMPIRAN

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman

Gambar 1.1. Jenis Resistor............................................................................. 1-5


Gambar 1.2. Multimeter................................................................................. 1-6
Gambar 1.3. Hambatan Geser...................................................................... 1-6
Gambar 1.4. Resistor.................................................................................... 1-7
Gambar 1.5. Kapasitor ................................................................................ 1-7

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Gambar 1.6. Rangkaian Arus AC................................................................. 1-8
Gambar 2.1. Perpindahan Suatu Benda....................................................... 2-3
Gambar 2.2. Gaya Konstan Tidak Searah dengan Perpindahan.................. 2-5
Gambar 2.3. Dasar Statif.............................................................................. 2-6
Gambar 2.4. Batang Statif Panjang.............................................................. 2-6
Gambar 2.5. Jepit Penahan........................................................................... 2-7
Gambar 2.6. Balok Penahan......................................................................... 2-7
Gambar 2.7. Katrol kecil ( 50 mm)........................................................... 2-7
Gambar 2.8. Steker Perangkai...................................................................... 2-8
Gambar 2.9. Bidang Miring........................................................................... 2-8
Gambar 2.10. Sistem Percobaan Usaha dan Energi....................................... 2-8
Gambar 2.11. Sistem Pada Percobaan........................................................... 2-9
Gambar 2.12. Diagram Perbandingan antara Beban dengan Usaha.............. 2-12
Gambar 2.13. Grafik Perbandingan antara Beban dengan Usaha.................. 2-12
Gambar 2.14. Diagram Perbandingan antara Beban dengan Usaha.............. 2-13
Gambar 2.15. Grafik Perbandingan antara Beban dengan Usaha.................. 2-13
Gambar 3.1. Percabangan pada Arus Listrik................................................ 3-2
Gambar 3.2. Rangkaian Bercabang pada Keadaan Tertutup........................ 3-3
Gambar 3.3. Catu Daya................................................................................ 3-6
Gambar 3.4. Kabel Penghubung.................................................................. 3-6
Gambar 3.5. Papan Rangkaian..................................................................... 3-7
Gambar 3.6. Jembatan Penghubung............................................................. 3-7
Gambar 3.7. Hambatan 47 ....................................................................... 3-7
Gambar 3.8. Hambatan 56 ....................................................................... 3-8
Gambar 3.9. Hambatan 100 ..................................................................... 3-8
Gambar 3.10. Saklar Satu Kutub................................................................... 3-8
Gambar 3.11. Pemegang Lampu.................................................................... 3-9
Gambar 3.12. Bola Pijar................................................................................. 3-9
Gambar 3.13. Basic Meter 90........................................................................ 3-9
Gambar 3.14. Rangkaian Percobaan.............................................................. 3-10
Gambar 3.15. Rangkaian Percobaan.............................................................. 3-11
Gambar 4.1. Musschenbroek........................................................................ 4-3

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Gambar 4.2. Dasar Statif.............................................................................. 4-6
Gambar 4.3. Batang Statif Panjang.............................................................. 4-6
Gambar 4.4. Batang Statif Pendek............................................................... 4-7
Gambar 4.5. Klem Universal....................................................................... 4-7
Gambar 4.6. Klem Bosshead........................................................................ 4-7
Gambar 4.7. Penggaris Logam..................................................................... 4-8
Gambar 4.8. Petunjuk Khusus..................................................................... 4-8
Gambar 4.9. Penyambung Selang................................................................ 4-8
Gambar 4.10. Labu Erlenmeyer..................................................................... 4-9
Gambar 4.11. Spiritus.................................................................................... 4-9
Gambar 4.12. Selang Silikon......................................................................... 4-9
Gambar 4.13. Selang Plastik.......................................................................... 4-10
Gambar 4.14. Pipa Baja................................................................................. 4-10
Gambar 4.15. Pipa Tembaga.......................................................................... 4-10
Gambar 4.16. Pipa Alumunium...................................................................... 4-11
Gambar 4.17. Karet Sumbat Besar 1 Lubang................................................ 4-11
Gambar 4.18. Tatakan Gelas.......................................................................... 4-11
Gambar 4.19. Air........................................................................................... 4-12
Gambar 4.20. Perakitan Dasar Statif.............................................................. 4-12
Gambar 4.21. Peletakan Labu Erlenmeyer.................................................... 4-13
Gambar 4.22. Peralatan Pemuaian................................................................. 4-14
Gambar 5.1. Kaidah Tangan Kanan............................................................. 5-3
Gambar 5.2. Gaya Lorentz........................................................................... 5-4
Gambar 5.3. Gaya Lorentz........................................................................... 5-5
Gambar 5.4. Catu Daya................................................................................ 5-7
Gambar 5.5. Kabel Penghubung.................................................................. 5-7
Gambar 5.6. Papan Rangkaian..................................................................... 5-8
Gambar 5.7. Jembatan Penghubung............................................................. 5-8
Gambar 5.8. Steker Perangkai...................................................................... 5-9
Gambar 5.9. Jepit Steker.............................................................................. 5-9
Gambar 5.10. Multimeter............................................................................... 5-10
Gambar 5.11. Magnet Batang Alnico............................................................. 5-10
Gambar 5.12. Saklar Satu Kutub................................................................... 5-11

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Gambar 5.13. Kawat Tembaga....................................................................... 5-11
Gambar 5.14. Rangkaian Alat Gaya Lorentz................................................. 5-12
Gambar 6.1. Dasar Statif.............................................................................. 6-5
Gambar 6.2. Kaki Statif............................................................................... 6-6
Gambar 6.3. Batang Statif Pendek............................................................... 6-6
Gambar 6.4. Batang Statif Panjang.............................................................. 6-7
Gambar 6.5. Balok Pendukung.................................................................... 6-7
Gambar 6.6. Dinamometer........................................................................... 6-8
Gambar 6.7. Tali Nilon................................................................................ 6-8
Gambar 6.8. Beban....................................................................................... 6-9
Gambar 6.9. Jepit Penahan........................................................................... 6-9
Gambar 6.10. Roda Katrol............................................................................. 6-10
Gambar 6.11. Batang Perangkai.................................................................... 6-10
Gambar 6.12. Pengait Beban.......................................................................... 6-11
Gambar 6.13. Batang Perangkai.................................................................... 6-12

DAFTAR TABEL

Halaman

Tabel 1.1. Warna Harga Resistor.................................................................. 1-5


Tabel 2.1. Pengamatan dengan Katrol Kecil................................................ 2-10
Tabel 2.2. Pengamatan dengan Katrol Besar................................................ 2-11
Tabel 3.1. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 3 V......................................... 3-12
Tabel 3.2. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 6 V......................................... 3-12
Tabel 3.3. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 9 V...................................... 3-12
Tabel 3.4. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 12 V.................................... 3-12
Tabel 3.5. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 3 V......................................... 3-12

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Tabel 3.6. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 6 V......................................... 3-13
Tabel 3.7. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 9 V...................................... 3-13
Tabel 3.8. Pengamatan Kuat Arus Tegangan 12 V.................................... 3-13
Tabel 4.1. Koefisien Muai Panjang.............................................................. 4-4
Tabel 4.2. Tabel Hasil Pengamatan Muai Panjang....................................... 4-15
Tabel 5.1. Hasil Percobaan Gaya Lorentz................................................. 5-13
Tabel 6.1. Hasil Pengamatan Katrol Tunggal............................................ 6-13
Tabel 6.2. Hasil Pengamatan Katrol Majemuk.......................................... 6-13

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1. Kartu Kontrol Sementara


Lampiran 2. Cover Laporan Sementara
Lampiran 3. Pre Test
Lampiran 4. Daftar Pustaka

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