Anda di halaman 1dari 3

3/18/2017 MasstransferFlashcardsCram.

com

Flashcards


Searchover166millionflashcards
CreateFlashcards
iPhone|Android
Signin

35,980 369 649 888 290 129

FlashcardsMasstransfer
RelatedFlashcards
MassTransfer masstransfer
byalexajritchie,Mar.2017 [?] ApplicationsofHeatandMassTransfer
HeatandMassTransfer
HeatandMassTransfer
Flashcards Memorize Test Games Mass,HeatandMomentumTransfer

CARDRANGETOSTUDY
Studyyourflashcardsanywhere!
DownloadtheofficialCramappforfree> 1 through 8

Howtostudyyourflashcards.
Right/Leftarrowkeys:Navigatebetweenflashcards.

Up/Downarrowkeys:Flipthecardbetweenthefrontandback.

Hkey:Showhint(3rdside).

Akey:Readtexttospeech.

ClickorPressSpacebartoBegin

8CardsinthisSet Share Print Export Clone

Front Back

Massdiffusionisatransportprocessthatoriginates
http://www.cram.com/flashcards/masstransfer7706011 1/3
3/18/2017 MasstransferFlashcardsCram.com
Massdiffusionisatransportprocessthatoriginates
frommolecularmotion(likeconductionheat
transfer).Diffusionoccursasaresultofa
concentrationgradientofsomechemicalspeciesin
amixture.Binarydiffusionoccursinmixturesoftwo
components.Dabisthebinarydiffusioncoefficient
Howisbinarydiffusivitydefined? andDab=Dba.Itisinverselyproportionalto
pressureandincreasesstrongwithtemperature
(formixturesatlowpressures).Forideagases,an
approximationis:

Dab=1/3*c*lambd_mfp~(T^3/2)/P[length^2per
second].

Massdiffusionisatransportprocessthatoriginates
frommolecularmotion(likeconductionheat
transfer).Diffusionoccursasaresultofa
concentrationgradientofsomechemicalspeciesin
Howisselfdiffusiondefined?
amixture.Selfdiffusionisthediffusionof
chemicallyidenticalspecies.

Daa*=1.32*nu,nu=kinematicviscosity=mu/rho

Pr=nu/alpha=C_p*mu/k=viscousdiffusion
rate/thermaldiffusionrate

Sc=nu/Dab=mu/(rho*Dab)=viscousdiffusion
rate/massdiffusionrate

Le=alpha/Dab=k/(rho*C_p*Dab)=thermal
diffusivity/massdiffusivity

Defineprandtl,schidtandlewisnumbers.What alpha=k/rho*C_p=thermaldiffusivity,ameasure
rangesofPrandSccanoneexpecttoencounter oftherateofheattransferinamaterialfromthe
forgasesandliquids? coldsidetothehotside

nu=mu/rho=kinematicviscosity,theratioof
dynamicviscosity,mu,tothedensityofthefluid,
rho

Unitsforkinematicviscoistyandthermaldiffusivity
arelengthsquaredovertime.Le,pr,andScare
dimensionless.Scrangesfrom.2to3forgas
mixturesandupto40,000forliquidmixtures.

Ifacubeofsugarisplacedinacupofcoffee,what
isthedrivingpotentialfordispersionofthesugarin Thedrivingpotentialisaconcentrationgradient.If
thecoffee?Whatisthephysicalmechanism thecoffeeisstagnantthesugarisdispersedby
responsiblefordispersionifthecoffeeisstagnant? diffusion.Ifthecoffeeisstirredthesugaris
Whatisthephysicalmechanismifthecoffeeis dispersedbydiffusionandadvection.
stirred?

Whatistherelationshipbetweenthemolar rho_a=M_a*C_a[kg/m^3]
concentrationandthemassdensityofaspeciesin Misspeciesmolecularweight.[kg/kmol]
amixture? Cismolarconcentration.[kmole/m^3]

http://www.cram.com/flashcards/masstransfer7706011 2/3
3/18/2017 MasstransferFlashcardsCram.com

Mixturemassdensity(rho)isthesumofrho_i.
Rho_iisthemassofspeciesiperunitvolumeof
themixture.

Howisthemassdensityofamixturedefined?The
Cisthemolarconcentrationandisthetotal
molarconcentrationofthemixture?Massfraction?
numberofmolesperunitvolumeofthemixture.
Molefraction?

m_i=rho_i/rho,rho=sum(rho_i)

x_i=C_i/C,rho=sum(C_i)

InusingFick'slawtodeterminethemassormolar
Thefluxofspeciesarelativetothemixture
fluxofaspeciesinamixture,whatspecificallyis
averagevelocity.
beingdetermined?

n_a''=0andx_a<<1(advectionisneglected)

whatisthestationarymediumapproximation? Fordiffusioninastationarymedium,thespecies
diffusionfluxisequaltotheabsoluteflux
associatedwithtransportofthespecies.

Page 1 of1 | Showing 10 cardsperpage

CramhaspartneredwiththeNationalTutoringAssociation Claimyouraccess

ReadyToGetStarted? Discover Company Follow

CreateFlashcards About Facebook


CreateFlashcards MobileApps Blog Twitter
FAQ
Google+
Support

2017Cram.com Legal(Updated9/4/14) SiteMap Advertise

http://www.cram.com/flashcards/masstransfer7706011 3/3