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What is Eddy Current Loss? - definition and expression - Cir...

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Circuit Globe / Magnetic Circuit / Eddy Current Loss

Eddy Current Loss

When an alternating magnetic field is applied to a magnetic material an emf is induced


in the material itself according to Faradays Law of Electromagnetic induction. Since the
magnetic material is a conducting material, these EMFs circulates currents within the
body of the material. These circulating currents are called Eddy Currents. They will occur
when the conductor experiences a changing magnetic field.

As these currents are not responsible for doing any useful work, and it produces a loss
(I2R loss) in the magnetic material known as an Eddy Current Loss. Similar to
hysteresis loss, eddy current loss also increases the temperature of the magnetic
material. The hysteresis and the eddy current losses in a magnetic material are also
known by the name iron losses or core losses or magnetic losses.

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A sectional view of the magnetic core is shown in the figure above. When the changing
flux links with the core itself, it induces emf in the core which in turns sets up the
circulating current called Eddy Current and these current in return produces a loss called
eddy current loss or (I2R) loss, where I is the value of the current and R is the
resistance of the eddy current path.

If the core is made up of solid iron of larger cross-sectional area, the magnitude of I will
be very large and hence losses will be high. To reduce the eddy current loss
mainly there are two methods.

By reducing the magnitude of the eddy current.

The magnitude of the current can be reduced by splitting the solid core into thin sheets
called laminations, in the plane parallel to the magnetic field. Each lamination is
insulated from each other by a thin layer of coating of varnish or oxide film. By
laminating the core, area of each section is reduced and hence the induced emf also
reduces. As the area through which the current is passed is smaller, the resistance of
eddy current path increases.

The eddy current loss is also reduced by using a magnetic material having higher
value of resistivity like silicon steel.Contents:

Applications of Eddy Currents

Mathematical Expression for Eddy Current Loss

Applications of Eddy Currents

As you know that by the effect of Eddy Current the heat which is produced is not utilized
for any useful work as they are a major source of energy loss in AC machines like
transformer, generators, and motors and, therefore, it is known as an Eddy Current
Loss. However, there are some uses of this eddy current like in Induction heating.

In the case of induction heating, an iron shaft is placed as a core of an induction


coil. A large amount of heat is produced at the outermost part of the shaft by the
eddy current, when the high-frequency current is passed through the coil. At the
center of the shaft, the amount of the heat reduces. This is because the outermost

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periphery of the shaft offers a low resistance path for the eddy currents.This process
is used in automobiles for surface hardening of heavy shafts.

The effect of eddy current is also used in electrical instruments like in induction type
energy meters for providing braking torque

For providing damping torque in permanent magnet moving coil instruments.

Eddy current instruments are used for detecting cracks in metal parts.

Used in trains having eddy currents brakes.

Mathematical Expression for Eddy Current Loss

It is difficult to determine the eddy current loss from the resistance and current values,
but by the experiments, the eddy current power loss in a magnetic material is given by
the equation shown below

where,
Ke co-efficient of eddy current. Its value depends upon the nature of magnetic material
Bm maximum value of flux density in wb/m2
T thickness of lamination in meters
F frequency of reversal of magnetic field in Hz
V volume of magnetic material im m3

Related Terms:

1. Types of Losses in a Transformer

2. Hysteresis Loss

3. Losses in DC Machine

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4. Power Flow Diagram and Losses of Induction Motor

5. Corona Power Loss

3 Comments

Prof. Kiran Deshmukh August 28, 2016 at 4:23 am Reply

Nice explanation .

john January 20, 2017 at 6:23 pm Reply

nice explanation love it

rohan das March 9, 2017 at 4:00 pm Reply

good explanation for our students thanks


student of regent education & research foundation(RERF)

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