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MUSCULAR SYSTEM-consists of layers of muscles that cover the bones of

the skeleton, extends across joints, and can contract and relax to produce
movement.
Three types of muscles
skeletal, smooth and cardiac
Functions: Maintenance of posture and body position,and movement.
Diceases: Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Mitochondrial Myopathies, Myotonia

SKELETAL SYSTEM-The skeleton is a strong yet flexible framework of bones


and connective tissue. It provides support for the body and protection for
many of its internal parts.
Femur (leg bone)
Tibia (leg bone)
Fibula (leg bone)
Humerus (arm bone)
Ulna (arm bone)
Radius (arm bone)
Functions: Support, movement, protection, blood cell production, calcium
storage and endocrine regulation that enable us to survive.
Deceases: Osteoporosis, Arthritis, Scoliosis

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM- is the bodys main control system. It consists of the


brain, the spinal cord, and a network of nerves that extend out to the rest of
the body.
Systemic circulation,
pulmonary circulation
portal circulation
Functions: necessary to regulate temperature and pH balance and protect
the body from diseases. Deceases: cardiovascular disease, arteriosclerosis,
hypertension

Digestive System- Series of organs that converts food into essential nutrients
that are absorbed into the body and eliminates unused waste material.

The major parts of the digestive system:

Salivary glands.
Pharynx.
Esophagus.
Stomach.
Small Intestine.
Large Intestine.
Rectum.
Functions: digestion and absorption
Decease: abdominal pain,colon cancer, diarrhea,

Endocrine System- is the collection of glands that produce hormones that


regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual
function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things.
The following glands make up the endocrine system:
Adrenal Glands.
Hypothalmus.
Ovaries.
Functions: produce and secrete hormones, chemical substances produced in
the body that regulate the activity of cells or organs.
Deceases: Hormone diseases, Thyroid cancer, Diabetes

Immune System-a collection of structures and processes within the body


is to protect against disease or other potentially damaging foreign bodies.
Two types of adaptive immune responses
B lymphocytes
T lymphocytes
Functions: protect the body.
Decease: allergic rhinitis, asthma, and eczema

Nervous System- is a complex collection of nerves and specialized cells


known as neurons that transmit signals between different parts of the body.
Consists of two main parts
Central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Functions: responsible for the control of the body and communication among
its parts.
Decease: Alzheimer, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis

Reproductive System: collection of internal and external organs in both


males and females that works together for the purpose of procreating,
according to the Cleveland Clinic.
Two main types of reproduction:
sexual and asexual
Function: produce egg cells, and the second is to protect and nourish the
offspring until birth.
Decease: prostate cancer, erectile dysfunction, Prostatitis

Urinary System: also known as the renal system produces stores and
eliminates urine, the fluid waste excreted by the kidneys.
Types of urinary system
bladder and kidney tissues
Function: remove liquid waste from the blood in the form of urine; keep a
stable balance of salts and other substances in the blood; and produce
erythropoietin, a hormone that aids the formation of red blood cells.
Decease: UTIs, pelvic prolapse, chronic kidney disease
Skin-human body's largest organ is the integumentary system, which
includes the skin, hair, nails, glands and nerve receptors.
Skin consists of two layers:
The epidermis and the dermis.
Function: protection, regulation and sensation
Decease: Skin cancer, Warts, Eczema