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# 150oC Pacific Pod Review Center

## 1. The refrigerant volume flow rate at entrance at C. 7.05 kJ heat rejected

the entrance of compressor were obtained from a test
on a twin cylinder, single acting 15 cm x 20 cm, 320 D. 7.05 kJ added
rpm compressor ammonia refrigerating plant to be 33
L/s. Determine the volumetric efficiency of the Answer: B
compressor.
A. 77.65 % C. 97.6 TR
8. An elastic sphere containing gas at 120 kpa has a
B. 87.6 % D. 65.65 % diameter of 1.0 m. Heating the sphere caused it to
expand to a diameter of 1.4 m. During the process the
Answer: B pressure is proportional to the sphere diameter.
Calculate the work done by the gas.
A. 143.91 kJ C. 154.5 kJ
2. A 600-kg hammer of a pile drive is lifted 2 meters
above the pile head. If the hammer is released, what B. 200.7 kJ D. 133.91 kJ
will be the velocity at the instant its strikes the

## A. 6.21 m/s C. 1.2 m/s

B. 3.25 m/s D. 4.5 m/s 9. Fifty kilograms of cooling water per second enter
the condenser at 25 0C and leaves at 50 0C. Find the
Answer: A heat carried away by water.
A. 1234.45 kW C. 2340.52 kW

## 3. Compute the humidity ratio of air at 70% relative B. 5233.75kW D. 3140.25 kW

humidity and 25 0C when the barometric pressure is
101.325 kPa. From steam tables: Psat 34 0C = 3.169 Answer: B
kPa.
A. 0.014 kg water vapor/kg dry air
10. Ten kilograms per second of steam enter the
B. 0.14 kg water vapor/kg dry air turbine with an enthalpy of 3200 kJ/kg and enter the
condenser with an enthalpy of 2500 kJ/kg in Rankine
C. 1.4 kg water vapor/kg dry air cycle. If the turbine efficiency is 80% and the
generator efficiency is 90%, determine the power
D. 0.0014 kg water vapor/kg dry air plant output.
Answer: A A. 4320 kW C. 4056 kW
B. 3213 kW D. 5040 kW

## 5. A pressure gage registers 50 psig in a region where 11. Answer: 0.656

the barometer reads 14.8 psia. Find the absolute
pressure in kPa.
A. 666.66 kPa C. 446.66 kPa 12. Determine the quality of steam in a vessel
containing 2 kg of saturated vapor and 8 kg of
B. 556.66 kPa D. 336.66 kPa saturated liquid.
Answer: C A. 100% C. 80%
B. 20% D. 60%
6. A new temperature scale is to be used where Answer: B
freezing and boiling temperature of water is at 100
deg N and 500 deg N respectively. Calculate the
absolute zero temperature in deg N.
A. -992.6 deg NC. -995.6 deg N
B. -932.7 deg ND. -932.4 deg N
14. The condenser of reheat power plant rejects heat
Answer: A at the rate of 500 kW. The mass flow rate of cooling
water is 5 kg/s and the inlet cooling water
temperature is 35 0C. Calculate the condenser cooling
water exit temperature.
7. Consider 1 kg of air at 32 0C that expanded by a
reversible polytropic process with n = 1.25 until the A. 43.35 0C C. 63.66 0C
pressure is halved: Determine the heat transfer.
Specific heat at constant volume for air is 0.1786 B. 53.45 0C D. 74.34 0C
kJ/kg.K.
A. 17.02 kJ heat rejected
16. A heat engine has a thermal efficiency of 50%. Answer: C
How much power does the engine produce when heat is
transferred at a rate of 10 kJ/hr (109 J/hr)?
A. 50 MW C. 139 MW 23. A window-type air conditioner is rated with
compressor power of 1 Hp. The unit has an EER of 11.1.
B. 75 MW D. 147 MW Determine the maximum cooling capacity of the unit in
tons of refrigeration.
A. 0.54 C. 0.69
B. 0.63 D. 0.51
17. A circular chip (k = 150 W/ m K) with a diameter
d = 10 mm and thickness of 4 mm is embedded in a Answer: C
circuit board. Its surface is exposed to the flow of
coolant (h= 250 W/m-K, T = 10 deg C) while its side
and back surfaces are perfectly insulated. If at any
24. Find the enthalpy of Helium if its internal energy
point in the chip the temperature must not exceed 90
is 200kJ/kg
deg C, what is the steady state heat dissipation of
the chip? A. 144 kJ/kg C. 333.42 kJ/kg
A. 2.06 W C. 2.01 W B. 223.42 kJ/kg D. 168 kJ/kg
B. 1.56 W D. 1.74 W Answer: C

## 25. If the conditioned space receives 80,000 kg of

air per hour and air supply temperature rises about
18. One kilogram of air is compressed adiabatically
10oC and air picks up latent heat about 150 kW,
and in a steady-flow manner. The compression
determine the sensible heat factor of the system.
efficiency is 80% and the work done on the air is
265kJ/kg. Compute the heat. A. 0.597 C. 0.612
A. 212 kJ/kg C. 0 kJ/kg B. 0.554 D. 0.509
B. 100 kJ/kg D. 331.25 kJ/kg Answer: A

## 26. Compute the mass of a 2m3 propane at 280 kPa and

40oC
19. 1 kg steel (C= 0.5 kJ/kg-K) rivet cools from 800
K to 300 K upon being installed in a riveted A. 6.47 kg C. 10.20 kg
structure. The entropy change in KJ/K of this rivet
is; B. 5.1 kg D. 9.47 kg
A. -0.245 C. -0.631 Answer: D
B. -0.49 D. -0.546
Answer: B 27. For a certain drier, the feed has a moisture
regain of 160%. Determine the percent moisture of the
feed.
20. Three-hundred kilojoules of heat flow by A. 60 C. 61.54
conduction from the outside to the inside of a cold
storage in one hour. If the temperature and all other B. 62.43 D. 50
conditions are the same, what is the heat flowing
through the cold storage room in two hours? Ansswer: C
A. 600 kJ C. 300 kJ
B. 900kJ D. 1,200 kJ 28. Compute the air flow in ft3/min of mechanical
ventilation required to exhaust an accumulation of
Answer: A refrigerant due to leaks of the system capable of
revolving air from the machinery room for a mass of
4lbs refrigerant.
21. The heat pump has a performance factor of 8.0. If A. 200 C. 220
the heat pump is used as a refrigerator, what is the
required horsepower per ton of refrigeration? B. 210 D. 230
A. 0.942 C. 0.765 Answer: A
B. 0.456 D. 0.673
Answer: D 29. An amount of air with DB temperature of 35 C.
With the temperature 28 C is passed through an air
conditioner and exhaust at a DB Temperature of 24C
22. Determine the specific weight of air at 760 mmHg and RH 0f 50%. Cooling coil temperature is
absolute and 22C? approximately 18 C. Determine the bypass factor of
the air conditioning.
A. 1.014 kg/m3 C. 1.197 kg/m3
A. 0.69 C. 0.26
B. 1.316 kg/m3 D. 1.266 kg/m3
B. 0.43 D. 0.35
Answer: D If the compressor uses intercooling, determine the
ideal pressure at the first stage intercooler.
A. 228.87 kPa C. 453.45 kPa
30. Compute the free aperture cross section in m2 for
the ventilation of a machinery room if the mass of B. 345.67 kPa D. 345.45 kPa
refrigerant IS 9 KG.
A. 0.314 C. 0.514
B. 0.414 D. 0.614
38. Find the loss of head in the pipe entrance if
Answer: B speed of flow is 10 m/s.
A. 5.10 C. 17.4
31. A commercial air-conditioner is rated by means of B. 10.2 D. 2.55
its EER or energy efficiency ratio. For a certain
air-conditioner with a cooling capacity of 4 KW and Answer: D
requires 1000 W, approximate the EER of this unit.
A. 13.65 C. 10.10
39. A Pelton wheel has a capacity of 25 000 kW with
B. 12.80 D. 11.11 head of 290 m. What is the number of jet needed for
this turbine if the jet if the nozzle jet diameter is
A. 3 C. 2
32. A 29.53 X 39.37 pressure vessel contains ammonia B. 4 D. 1
with f=0.041. Compute the minimum required discharge
capacity of the relief device in kg/hr. Answer: B

## A. 106.71 kg/hr C. 110.71 kg/hr

B. 108.71 kg/hr D. 112.71 kg/hr 40. Wet material, containing 220% moisture (dry
basis) s to be dried at the rate of 1.5 kg/s in a
Answer: C continuous dryer to give a product containing 10%
(dry basis). Find the moisture removed in kg/hr
A. 3543.75 kg/hr C. 3563.75 kg/hr
33. The cooling water leaves the condenser at 60 C
and leaves the cooling tower at 35 C. The ambient B. 3513.75 kg/hr D. 3593.75 kg/hr
air is at 35 C DB and 28 C WB. Determine the cooling

A. 41.67 C. 78
B. 80 D. 53.33 41. Fresh water flows through a short smooth
horizontal pipe of tapered bore. At the large end the
Answer: C velocity is 1.5 m/s. At the small end the pressure is
14 Kpa. Calculate the velocity at this end.
A. 4.4 m/s C. 6.6 m/s
34. Compute the maximum length of the discharge pipe
installed on the outlet of a pressure-relief device B. 5.5 m/s D. 3.3 m/s
in feet for internal pipe diameter of 0.5 in and rated
discharge capacity is 8 lb/min of air. The rated Answer: B
pressure of relief valve is 16 psig.
A. 0.286 ft C. 0.486 ft
42. Copra enters a dryer containing 70% moisture and
B. 0.386 ft D. 0.586 ft leaves at 7% moisture. Find the moisture removed on
each pound of solid in final product.
A. 6.258 lb C. 4.258 lb
B. 1.258 lb D. 2.258 lb

## 36. A thermal power plant has a heat rate of 11, 363

Btu/kW-hr, Find the thermal efficiency of the plant. 43. If the specific heat at constant pressure for C0
is given as 0.201 Btu/lb R, what is the value of the
A. 28% C. 34% specific heat at constant volume?
B. 30% D. 40% A. 0.156 Btu/lbR C. 0.435 Btu/lbR
Answer: B B.0.365 Btu/lbR D. 0.435 Btu/lbR
Ans. A
37. The suction pressure of a 4-stage compressor is
140 kPa. It compresses air at the rate of 15 m3/min,
clearance is about 8% and 200 rpm. The compressor 44. A 1 m x 1.5 m cylindrical tank is full of oil
discharges compressed air at a pressure of 1000 kPa. with S.G = 0.92. Find the force acting at the bottom
of the tank in dynes.
A. 106.33 x 10^7 dynes A. 1.04 lbs C. 1.24 lbs
B. 106.33 x 10^4 dynes B. 1.14 lbs D. 1.34 lbs
C. 106.33 x 10^5 dynes Answer: C
D. 106.33 x 10^6 dynes
Answer: D 53. Calculate the scale ratio for the model turbine
if the prototype to model speed at head ratio is 0.675
and 12 respectively.
45. Answer: 2.89 A. 5.14 C. 5.82
B. 5.13 D. 5.32
46. Find the pressure at the 100 fathom depth of water Answer: B
in kpag.
A. 1,793.96 kpag C. 1,993.96 kpag
54. Find the heat needed to raise the temperature of
B. 1,893.96 kpag D. 1,693.96 kpag water from 30oC to 100oC with 60% quality. Consider
an atmospheric pressure of 101.325 kPa. Use the
Answer: A approximate enthalpy formula of liquid.
A. 1,293.09 kJ/kg C. 1,547.90 kJ/kg
47. Air flows in a duct pressure of 150 kPa with a B. 1,772.90 kJ/kg D. 1,647.29 kJ/kg
velocity of 200 m/s. The temperature of the air is
310 K. Determine the isentropic stagnation. Answer: D
A. 320 C. 341
B. 332 D. 361 55. A Pelton wheel running at a speed of 600 rpm is
driven by 2 similar jets. At this speed, it transmit
Answer: B 6000 kW to the shaft. The efficiency of the runner is
90% and the velocity of the fluid at inlet to the
bucket is 50 m/s, estimate the diameter of each jet.
48. Find the depth in furlong of the ocean (S.G =
A. 0.0165 m C. 0.0143 m
1.03) if the pressure at the sea bed is 2,032.56 kpag.
B. 0.0435 m D. 0.0123 m
A. 1 C. 3
B. 2 D. 4
56. An air compressor consumed 1200 kW-hr per day of
energy. The electric motor driving the compressor has
49. Find the COP of the refrigerator whose energy an efficiency of 80%. If indicated power of the
supply equals one-fourth the amount of heat it compressor is 34 kW, find the mechanical efficiency
extracts. of the compressor.

A. 3 C. 5 A. 117.65% C. 85%

B. 4 D. 2 B. 75% D. 90%

50. Find the mass of 10 quartz of water. 57. A steam generator operating at 92% efficiency
leaves water at 15.6 C while steam leaves the
A. 10.46 kg C. 11.46 kg superheater at h = 3374.8 KJ/kg. Estimate the
evaporation factor if the boiler consumes coal of
B. 9.46 kg D. 8.46 kg calorific value 24,500 KJ/kg.
Answer: B A. 6.81 m C. 8.21 m
B. 6.72 m D. 7.21 m
51. A potential waterfall for hydroelectric power Answer: A
plant has available at a rate of 160 m3/s under a head
of 18 m. Find the number of francis turbines required
if it runs at 120 rpm, specific speed and hydraulic
efficiency of 80%. 58. A refrigeration system consumed 28,300 kW-hr per
month of energy. There are 20% of energy is lost due
A. 3 turbines C. 5 turbines to cooling system of the compressor and motor
efficiency is 90%. If COP pf the system is 6, find
B. 2 turbines D. 4 turbines the tons of refrigeration of the system.
Answer: B A. 43.15% C. 49.15%
B. 46.15% D. 41.15%
52. The mass of carbon dioxide having a pressure of Answer: C
20 psia at 200F with 10 ft3 volume.
59. A 23 tons of refrigeration system has a heat 66. Determine the net cycle heat rate of a steam power
rejected of 1ookW. Find the energy efficiency ratio plant with a gross cycle heat rate of 75% and the
of the system. rate of turbine output to net cycle work output is
1.11.
A. 13.42 C. 15.42
A. 83.25% C. 87.45%
B. 14.42 D. 16.42
B. 76.25% D. 80.76%

## 60. Calculate the available pressure head for natural

circulation of a 10-m riser if specific volume at the 67. What is the approximate value of temperature of
downcomer is 0.0014 m3/kg and at the riser top is water having enthalpy of 208 Btu/lb?
0.0032 m3/kg.
A. 138.67C C. 258.67C
A. 19.71 kPa C. 21.45 kPa
B. 115.55C D. 68.67C
B. 12.45 kPa D. 15.74 kPa

## 68. What is the overall efficiency of a 30 MW steam

61. A 200 mm x 250 mm, 8-cylinder, 4-stroke diesel power plant with a boiler efficiency of 92%, cycle
engine has a brake power of 150 kW. The mechanical efficiency of 44%, mechanical loss of 5%, generator
efficiency is 80%. If two cylinders were accidentally efficiency of 93% and gross power production 32,000
cut-off, what will be the new friction power? KW?
A. 31.50 kW C. 35.50 kW A. 33.98% C. 35.44%
B. 33.50 kW D. 37.50 kW B. 36.88% D. 38.84%

62. Estimate the circulation ratio in the downcomer 69. An Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 8. Find
riser circuit when the mass of saturated water flowing the pressure ratio during compression.
through it is 10 kg/s while at the riser exit
saturated liquid water flows at 8.5 kg/s. A. 18.38 C. 14.38
A. 1.18 C. 5.9 B. 16.38 D. 12.38
B. 6.67 D. 0.85 Answer: A

## 70. A downcomer riser circuit receives saturated

water at a rate of 10.5 kg/s from the boiler. If the
63. If the efficiency ratio of the refrigeration circulation ratio is 11.5, what is the top dryness
system is 12.6, what is the COP of the system? fraction?
A. 3.69 C. 5.92 A. 0.095 C. 0.081
B. 4.23 D. 6.83 B. 0.087 D. 0.913

64. The two phase flow in a riser has a volume quality 71. A diesel cycle has a cut off ratio of 2.5 and
and moisture of 0.60 and 90% respectively. If the expansion ratio of 4. Find the clearance of the cycle.
ratio of the specific volume of vapor to that of the
liquid is 20, Estimate the slip ratio. A. 9.11 % C. 11.11%
A. 1.48 C. 1.74 B. 5.55% D. 15.25%
B. 1.67 D. 1.32 Answer: C

## 72. A circular cylinder 4 ft long and 3 ft in diameter

is in an air stream. The flow velocity is 5 ft/s
65. An air compressor has a power of 40 kW at 4% perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder. Given that
clearance. If clearance will increase to 7%, what is the coefficient of drag on the cylinder is 1.3 and
the new power? the density of air is 0.00234 slug/ft3. What is the
force in the cylinder?
A. 70 kW C. 53 kW
A. 0.09 lb C. 0.46 lb
B. 40 kW D. 60 kW
B. 0.11 lb D. 0.91 lb
73. A dual cycle has an initial temperature of 30oC. B. 0.000365 D. 0.000485
The compression ratio is 6 and heat addition at
constant volume process is 600 Kj/kg. If cut-off ratio Answer: C
is 2.5, find the maximum temperature of the cycle.

A. 3638.50C C. 3565.50C
81. Carnot cycle A, B and C are connected in series
B. 3365.50C D. 3965.50C so that the heat rejected from A will be the heat
added to B and heat rejected from B will be added to
Answer: B C. Each cycle operates between 30C and 400C. If heat
added to A is 1000kW, find the work output of C.
A. 111.44 kW C. 247.53 kW
74. A rectangular duct section 35 cm x 50 cm size
carries 75 m3/min of air having density of 1.15 kg/m3. B. 549.78 kW D. 141.89 kW
If the friction factor of sheet metal is 0.01, find
the pressure loss per 100 m length of duct. Answer: A

A. 29 mm of H2O C. 25 mm of H2O
B. 36 mm of H2O D. 35 mm of H2O 82. Answer: 0.07

83. two kilogram of air in a rigid tank changes its
temperature from 32 to 150 c. find the work done
75. A three stages air compressor compresses air from during the process.
100kPa to 1000 kPa. Find the intercooler pressure
between the first and second stage. A. 236 C. 195

## B. 108.44 kPa D. 215.44 kPa Answer: D

84. Determine the atmospheric pressure at a location
where barometric reading is 740 mmhg and
76. Answer: 671.85 gravitational acceleration is g=9.7 m/s2. Assume the
temperature of mercury to be 10 c, at which the
density is 13570 kg/m3.
77. A 10-stages air compressor compresses air from A. 99.45 kpa C. 95.44 kpa
100 kPa to 800 kPa. Find the intercooler pressure
between the first and second stage. B. 97.41 kpa D. 98.66 kpa

## B. 113.21 kPa D. 333.51 kPa

Answer: C 85. A reverse Carnot cycle air refrigeration
equipment has a compressor working with a compression
ratio of 12. The temperature limits of the cycle are
300 K and 270 K. determine the refrigerating effect
78. A circular duct if 40-cm is selected to carry air of the unit.
in an air conditioned space at a velocity of 440
m/min. to keep the noise at desired level. If this A. 2.45 TR C. 2.06 TR
duct is replaced by a rectangular duct of aspect ratio
1:5, find the size of rectangular duct for equal B. 1.86 TR D. 1.26 TR
friction method when the velocity of air in two ducts

A. 45 cm x 30 cm C. 50 cm x 35 cm
B. 40 cm x 25 cm D. 30 cm x 15 cm 86. The barometer of a mountain hiker reads 930 mbars
at the beginning of a hiking trip and 780 mbars at
Answer: A the end. Neglecting the effect of altitude on local
gravitational acceleration, determine the vertical
distance climbed. Assume g=9.7 m/s2
79. A 3-stages air compressor compresses air from 1oo A. 1274.21 m C. 1267.34 m
kPa to 700 kPa. Find the intercooler pressure between
the 2nd and 3rd stage B. 1289.00 m D. 1583.34 m

## A. 365.88 kW C. 385.88 kW Answer: B

B. 375.88 kW D. 395.88 kW
Answer: A 87. A refrigeration system produces 20 kg/hr of ice
from water at 20 deg. C. Find the tonnage of the unit
A. 0.66 C. 0.77
80. A galvanized steel duct of 0.4 diameter and 20oC
and 1.013 bar. If the surface roughness for the duct B. 0.55 D. 0.45
is 0.15 mm, find the roughness factor.
A. 0.000475 C. 0.000375
88. the lower half of a 10 m high cylindrical x 18m from the outside from the rate of 1 cu meter
container is filled with water and the upper half per min air replacement for each square meter of floor
with oil that has SG=0.85. Determine the pressure space. The design condition include 20 C room
difference between the top and bottom of the cylinder. temperature and -20 C outside air temperature. In
addition the pressure in the room is to be maintain
A. 90.74 kpa C. 83.38 kpa at a positive pressure of 7 Kpa, to ensure that there
will be no air leakage into the laboratory. How much
B. 92.74 kpa D. 98.10 kpa heat would be required to condition the air for this
A. 177.11 KW C. 168.7 KW

## 89. About 3 Hp per ton is required to maintain a B. 154.8 KW D. 185.3 KW

temperature of -40 C in a refrigerator. If the Answer: D
refrigerator works on the reverse Carnot Cycle,
determine the heat rejected to the sink per ton of
refrigeration.
96. ammonia weighing 22 kgs is confirmed inside a
A. 69.72 Kcal/min C. 81.61 Kcal/min cylinder equipped with a piston has an initial
pressure of 413 kpa at 38 c. if 3200 KJ of heat is
B. 70.44 Kcal/min D. 84.65 Kcal/min added to the ammonia until its final pressure and
Answer: C temperature are 413 kpa and 100 c, respectively. What
is the amount of work by the fluid in KJ?
A. 667 C. 420
90. An ideal gas at 0.80 atmospheric and 87 c occupies
0.450 liters. How many moles are in the sample? B. 304 D. 502
A. 0.0002 mol C. 0.0122 mol
B. 0.0378 mol D. 0.0091 mol 97. A refrigeration system produces 20 kg/hr of ice
Answer: C from water at 20 deg. C. Find the tonnage of the unit
A. 0.66 C. 0.77

91. Determine the mass of ice produced from water per B. 0.55 D. 0.45
day for the following conditions water temperature 20 Answer: A
deg C, tonnage of the unit 150 tons, operating at
temperature 5 deg C and 28 deg C, latent heat of ice
330 KJ/kg.
98. A tank contains 90 ft3 of air at a pressure of
A. 107,498 kg C. 134,112 kg 350 psig; if air is cooled until its pressure and
temperature decreases to 200 psig and 70 F
B. 120,465 kg D. 140,362 kg respectively, what is the decrease in internal
A. 6232 Btu C. 5552

92. A certain gas at 101.325 kpa and 10 c whose volume B. -5552 D. -6232.09 BTU
is 2.83 m3 are compressed into a storage vessel of Answer: D
0.31 kpa capacity. Before admission, the storage
vessel contained the gas and temperature of 037.8 kpa
and 26 c after admission the pressure has increased
to 1171.8 kpa. What should be the final temperature 99. About 3 Hp per ton is required to maintain a
of the gas in the vessel in Kelvin? temperature of -40 C in a refrigerator. If the
refrigerator works on the reverse Carnot Cycle,
A. 298.0 C. 180.0 determine the heat rejected to the sink per ton of
refrigeration.
B. 319.8 D. 314.2
A. 69.72 Kcal/min C. 81.61 Kcal/min
B. 70.44 Kcal/min D. 84.65 Kcal/min

## 100. A large mining company was provided with a 3 m3

94. A perfect gas has a value of R = 58.8 ft-lb/lb-R of compresed air tank. Air pressure in the tank drops
and k = 1.26. If 20 BTU are added to 10 lbs of this from 700 kpa to 150 kpa while the temperature remains
gas at constant volume when initial temperature is 90 constant at 28 c. what percentage has the mass of air
F, find the final temperature. in the tank been reduced?
A. 97 F C. 154 F A. 74.00 C. 76.56
B. 104 F D. 185 F B. 72.45 D. 78.57

## 95. A research laboratory building is to be heated

and ventilated. Air is to be supplied to a room 12 m
101. Determine the mass of ice produced from water 107. Answer: 106.4
per day for the following conditions water
temperature 20 deg C, tonnage of the unit 150 tons, 108. Steam at 2 MPa and 250 c in a rigid cylinder is
operating at temperature 5 deg C and 28 deg C, latent cooled until the quality is 30 %. Find the heat
heat of ice 330 KJ/kg. rejected from the cylinder.

## Answer: A At 2 MPa (saturated):

vf = 0.0011767 vg = 0.09963

102. A 4 m3/hr pump delivers water to a pressure tank. uf = 906.44 ufg = 1693.8
At a start, the gage reads 138 kpa until it reads 276
kpa and then the pump was shut off. The volume of the
tank is 180 lit. At 276 kpa the water occupied 2/3 of
A. -432.23 kJ/kg C. -1265.02 kJ/kg
the tank volume. Determine the volume of water that
can be taken out until the gage reads 138 kpa. B. -926.26 kJ/kg D. 1082.34 kJ/kg
A. 31.20 li C. 16.87 li Answer: C
B. 34.59 li D. 29.50 li
Answer: B 109. A 3 HP refrigerator or heat pump operates between
0oF and 100oF. The maximum theoretical heat that can
be transferred from the cold reservoir is nearest to:
103. What should be the cooling requirement due to
A. 7600 BTU/hr C. 23000 BTU/hr
emission of body to maintain a comfortable
temperature in a dance hall that had an attendance of B. 13000 BTU/hr D. 35000 BTU/hr
1500 people if it has been determined that 75% of the
people will be dancing and others will be seated. Answer: D
Tests have shown that an adult will give off 71.8 W
of sensible heat while engaging in moderate dancing
and 57.1 W of sensible heat while sitting. The 1773.3
W for dancers and 45.5 W for sitters. 110. Steam at 1.3 MPa and 250oC in a rigid cylinder
is cooled until the quality is 40%, find the heat
A. 200 kW C. 301 kW rejected from the cylinder.

## 104. A refrigeration plant is rated at 15 tons

capacity. How many pounds of air per hour will it
cool from 70 to 90 F at constant pressure? 111. A block of wood floats in water with 6 inches
projecting above the water surface. If the same block
A. 50000 lb/hr C. 52000 lb/hr were placed in alcohol of specific gravity 0.82, the
block would project 4 inches above the surface of the
B. 37500 lb/hr D. 45000 lb/hr alcohol. Determine the specific gravity of the wood
block.
A. 0.603 C. 0.405
B. 0.306 D. 0.204
105. A refrigerator is rated at USA one ton capacity.
It maintains a cooling temperature of 4.4oC Answer: A
(evaporator temperature). A refrigerant with a
refrigerating effect of 136 kJ/kg is in the condenser
just ahead of the expansion valve. If the refrigerant
vapor has a density of 19.80 kg/m3, what should be 112. Mixture with 70 % quality at 500 kpa is heated
the capacity of the compressor? until its pressure is 300 kpa. Find the heat added
during the process.
A. 0.078 m3/min C. 0.102 m3/min
At 500 kPa: sf = 1.8607 sfg = 4.9606
B. 0.091 m3/min D. 0.113 m3/min
At 300 kPa and 151.86oC (Psat@500): s = 7.0888

## A. 745.92 kJ/kg C. 983.44 kJ/kg

106. Determine the air standard efficiency of an
engine operating on the diesel cycle with clearance B. 535.16 kJ/kg D. 765.34 kJ/kg
of 6 % when the suction pressure is 99.97 kpa and the
fuel is injected for 7 % of the stroke. Assume k=1.4 Answer: A

A. 62.11 % C. 73.58 %
B. 51.20 % D. 60.02 % 113. A tank contains exactly one kilogram of water
consisting of liquid and vapor in equilibrium at 1
Answer: A Mpa. If the liquid contains one-third and the
remaining is vapor of the volume of the tank, what is
the enthalpy of the contents of the tank?
At 1 MPa: F. find the boiling temperature when the pressure is
increased by 40 psia from atmospheric
hf = 762.81 kJ/kg hfg = 2015.3 kJ/kg
A. 449.42oF C. 479.13oF
vf = 0.0011273 vfg = 0.19444
B. 526.34oF D. 263.45oF
A. 644.40 kJ/kg C. 785.92 kJ/kg
B. 774.40 kJ/kg D. 435.29 kJ/kg
121. Determine the amount of oxygen if the heating
Answer: C value of fuel is 26961.45 kJ/kg
A. 1.5% C. 3.5%
114. Answer: 1.95 B. 2.5% D. 4.5%
115. Water substance at 70 bars and 65 c enters a
boiler tube of constant inside diameter of 25 mm. the
water leaves the boiler tube at 50 bars and 700 k at 122. Answer: 1.168
velocity 150 m/s. calculate the inlet velocity (m/s)
A. 1.56 C. 1.672
123. A diesel engine consumed 945 lit of fuel per day
B. 2.51 D. 3.230 at 35oC. If the fuel was purchased at 15.5 c and 30
API at P29.00/li determine the cost of fuel operate
Answer: B the engine per day
A. P5677.50 C. P48088.90
116. The Reynolds number of a falling sphere in air B. P4677.50 D. P27127.76
is 1x106. If the spheres radius is 1ft, what is its
velocity? (Pair= 0.00234 slug/ft3, air = 3.8x10-7 lbf- Answer: D
sec/ft2)
A. 40.6 ft/sec C. 5.1 ft/sec
124. A cylindrical tank 4m and 3m diameter is used
B. 2.5 ft/sec D. 81.2 ft/sec for oil storage. How many days can the tank supply
the engine having 27 API with fuel consumption of 60
Ans. D kg/hr
A. 17.53 C. 12.84
117. Water substance at 70 bar and 65 c enters a B. 5.84 D. 19.84
boiler tube of constant inside diameter of 35 mm. The
water leaves the boiler tube at 50 bar and 700 k at Answer: A
velocity of 100 m/s. calculate the inlet volume flow
(li/s)
A. 0.821 C. 0.344 125. The dry exhaust gas from oil engine has the
following gravimetric analysis
B. 1.261 D. 1.609
CO2=21.6% O2=4.2% N2=74.2%
Specific heats at constant pressure for each
component of the exhaust gas in Kcal/ kg c are

118. Steam leaves an industrial boiler at 827.4kpa CO2 =0.203 O2=0.219 N2=0.248
and 171.6 c. a portion of the steam is passed through
a throttling calorimeter and is exhausted to the Calculate the specific gravity if the molecular
atmosphere when the calorimeter pressure is 101.4 weight of air is 28.97 kg/kg-mol
kpa. How much moisture does the steam leaving the
A. 0.981 C. 1.055
boiler contain if the temperature of the steam at the
calorimeter is 115.6 c? B. 1.244 D. 0.542
At 827 kPa (171.6oC): hf = 727.25 hfg = 2043.2 Answer: C
At 101.4 kPa and 115.6oC: h2 = 2707.6

## 126. A bituminous coal has the following composition

A. 3.78% C. 4.56% C=71.5% H=5.0% O=7.0 %
B. 3.08% D. 2.34% N=1.3% S=3 % Ash=7.6% W=3.4%
Answer: B Determine the theoretical weight of nitrogen in lb/lb
of coal
A. 2.870 C. 2.274
B. 7.526 D. 6.233
120. Atmospheric pressure boils at 212 F. at the
vacuum pressure at 24 in hg, the temperature is 142
127. A gaseous fuel mixture has a molal analysis A. 0.00714 C. 0.00234
H2=14% CH4=3% CO=27% B. 0.00614 D. 0.00187
O2=0.6% CO=24.5% N2=50.9 % Answer: A
Determine the air fuel ratio for complete combustion
on molal basis
134. Convert 750R to K
A. 2.130 C. 1.233
A. 390.33 C. 410.33
B. 3.230 D. 1.130
B. 395 D. 416.33

## 128. An air conditioning engineer has given the

following data to be air conditioned; room sensible 135. Air compressed adiabatically from 30 to 100oC.
heat gain 10,000(50000) Btu/hr. Outside room latent If mass of air being compressed is 5 kg., find the
heat gain 10,000 Btu/hr. Outside conditioned 95oF DB change of entropy
& 75oF WB, inside condition 50 F. Calculate the
refrigeration tonnage required with 10% safety A. 1039 kJ/kg C. 0 kJ/kg
factor. B. 0.746 kJ/kg D. 1245 kJ/kg
A. 5.5 C. 1.5 Answer: C
B. 3.5 D. 6.5
Answer: A 136. The sun generates an average of 2 kW/m2 when
tapped as source of energy where in a flat plate
collector with an area of 1.5 m2 is used. Flow rate
129. A volumetric analysis of a gas mixture as follows of water inside the collector is 40 liters per hour.
Calculate for the temperature rise of the working
CO2:12% O2: 4% N2: 80% CO: 4% fluid in oC.

## B. 15.55% D. 19.73% Answer: A

137. Air standard engine has a compression ratio of
18 and a cut-off ratio of 4. If the intake air
130. An impulse wheel at best produces 125 hp under pressure and temperature are 100 kPa and 27oC, find
a head of 210 ft. by what percent should the speed be the work in KJ per kg.
A. 2976 C. 1582
A. 82.5% C. 72.41%
B. 2166 D. 2751
B. 17.5% D. 71.59%

## 138. A throttling calorimeter is connected to the

131. Find the work process for a Helium gas at 20 0C desuperheated steam line supplying steam to the
auxillary feed pump on a ship. The line pressure
A. 609 kJ/kg C. 229 kJ/kg measures 2.5 Mpa. The calorimeter pressure is 110 kpa
and 150oC. Determine the entropy of the steam line.
B. 168 kJ/kg D. 339 kJ/kg
A. 6.8 kJ/kg-K C. 6.6 kJ/kg-K
B. 6.2 kJ/kg-K D. 7.5 kJ/kg-K
132. A horizontal jet fresh water 40 mm diameter
impinges on a stationary flat plate which is
perpendicular to the jet, and the direct force to
prevent the plate moving is measured to be 225 N. 139. A logging firm in Isabella operates a diesel
assuming that there is no splash back of water, find electric plant to supply its electric energy
the initial velocity of the jet. requirements. During a 24 hour period, the plant
consumed 250 gallons of fuel at 80 F and produced
A. 13.39 m/s C. 16.21 m/s 2900 kw-hrs. Industrial fuel used is 30 API and was
purchased at P30.00/li. at 60 F. Determine the overall
B. 12.42 m/s D. 14.34 m/s
thermal efficiency of the plant
A. 26.08% C. 28.00%
B. 34.23% D. 18.46%
133. What is the hydraulic gradient of 1 mile, 17
inches inside diameter pipe when 3300 gal/min of water
flow with f=0.03
140. A stocker fired boiler of 195 000 kg/hr steaming 146. In an open feedwater heater for a steam plant,
capacity uses this coal as fuel. Calculate volume of saturated steam at 7 bar is mixed with subcooled
air in m3/hr with air at 60 F and 14.7 psia and 14.7 liquid at 7 bar and 25 %. Just enough steam is
psia pressure if boiler efficiency is 70% and FE = supplied to ensure that the mixed steam leaving the
1.10 heater will be saturated liquid at 7 bars when heater
efficiency is 95 %. Calculate the mass flow rate of
A. 234 019 m3/hr C. 213 830 m3/hr subcooled liquid steam flow rate is 0.865 kg/s
B. 215 830 m3/hr D. 264 830 m3/hr A. 2.725 kg/s C. 2.869 kg/s
Answer: A B. 3.353 kg/s D. 3.948 kg/s
141. A windmill with a 6 m radius rotor is to be
installed where atmospheric pressure conditions
prevail at 101.325 kPa and 21 oC. It was observed that 147. A steam condenser receives 10 kg/s of steam with
the wind is blowing steadily at an average velocity an enthalpy of 2770 kj/kg. Steam condenses into a
of 20 m/s. Assuming that the conversion efficiency is liquid and leaves with an enthalpy of 160 kj/kg.
somewhere between 20% to 25%, determine the maximum Cooling water passes through the condenser with
available power from the windmill. temperature increases from 13 deg to 24 deg c.
Calculate the water flow rate in kg/s.
A. 124.78 kW C. 167.25 kW
A. 583 C. 523
B. 135.81 kW D. 225.78 kW
B. 567 D. 528

## 142. 23.5 kg of steam per second at 5 Mpa and 400 c

is produced by a steam generator. The feedwater enters 148. Steam expands adiabatically in a turbine from
the economizer at 145 c and leaves 205 c. the steam 2000 kpa, 400 c to 400 kpa, 250 C. what is the
leaves the boiler drum with a quality of 98 %. The effectiveness of the process in percent assuming
unit consumes 3 kg of coal per second as received pressure of 18 C, neglecting changes in kinetic and
having a heating value of 25 102 kj/kg. What would be potential energy
the overall efficiency of the unit in percent?
A. 82 C. 79.60
A. 65.72 C. 88.28
B. 84 D. 79.46
B. 80.67 D. 78.82

## 149. The annual peak load on a 15,000 kW power plant

143. In a rankine cycle enters the turbine at 2.5 Mpa is 10,500 kW. Two substations are supplied by this
(enthalpies & entropies given) and condenser of 50 plant. Annual energy dispatched through substation A
kpa (properties given), what is the thermal is 27, 500,000 kw-hr with a peak load at 8,900 kW,
efficiency of the cycle? 16, 500,000 are sent through substation B with a peak
load at 6,650 kW. Neglect line losses. Find the
A. 25.55 % C. 34.23 % diversity factor between substations and factor of
the power plant.
B. 45.23 % D. 12.34 %
A. 1.48, 0.446 C. 1.75, 0.335
B. 1.48, 0.335 D. 1.75, 0.446
144. A thermal power plant generates 5 MW and the
heat generated by fuel is 13000 kJ/s. If thermal
efficiency is 36.15 %, find the power needed for the
auxiliaries. 150. A heat exchanger was installed purposely to cool
0.50 kg of gas per second. Molecular weight is 32 and
A. 310 kW C. 400 kW k=32. The gas is cooled from 150 c to 80 c. water us
available at the rate of 0.30 kg/s and a temperature
B. 300 kW D. 350 kW of 5 deg c. calculate the exit temperature of the
water in C.
A. 44.86 C. 46.45
B. 42.86 D. 40.34
145. A superheater steam rankine cycle has turbine
inlet conditions of 17.5 MPa and 530 C expands in a Answer: A
turbine to 0.007 MPa. The turbine and pump polytropic
efficiencies are 0.85 and 0.75 respectively, pressure
losses between pump and turbine inlet are 1.5 MPa.
What should be the pump work in kJ/kg?
A. 17.34 C.25.32
B. 27.32 D. 47.33
4. Calculate the thermal diffusivity of pure aluminum 82. A reverse Carnot cycle air conditioner of 4 TR
with density of 2,702 kg/m3, thermal conductivity of capacity operates in cooling coil temperature of 5
237 W/m-K and specific heat of 0.903 kJ/kg-K. deg. C. The surrounding air at 45 deg. C is used as
a cooling medium rising to the temperature of 55 deg.
A. 97 x 10-6 m2/s C. 14.9 x 10-6 m2/s C. The temperature of heat rejection is 60 deg. C.
Determine the mass flow rate of air entering the heat
B. 23.25 x 10-6 m2/s D. 34.5 x 10-6 m2/s exchanger.
Answer: A A. 0.07 kg/s C. 0.16 kg/s
B. 0.12 kg/s D. 0.04 kg/s
11. Air is used in Carnot cycle engine where volumes Answer: A
at the beginning of the constant temperature heat
addition and end of the constant temperature heat
rejection are 0.456 cm3 and 6.73 cm3 respectively.
Calculate the thermal efficiency. 93. A cold storage is required to store 20 tons of
fish. The fish is supplied at temperature of 300C.
A. 0.667 C. 0.786 The specific heat of fish above freezing point is
2.39 kJ/kg-K. The specific heat of fish above freezing
B. 0.656 D. 0.765 point is 2.39 kJ/kg-K. The specific heat of fish below
freezing point is 1.26 kJ/kg-K. The fish is store in
cold storage that is maintained at -8 deg. C. The
freezing point of fish is -4 deg. C. The latent heat
of solidification of fish is 235 kJ/kg. If the plant
13. What is the lifting force in kN of a 10-m diameter requires 75 kW to drive it, find the time taken to
spherical balloon with Helium inside at 101 kPa an achieve cooling. Assume the actual COP is 0.3 times
320 K surrounded by air at 101 kPa and 298.15 K. the Carnot COP of the refrigerating plant.

## B. 5.28 D. 8.25 kN B. 9.64 hrs D. 12.03 hrs

15. The filament of a 100-W bulb maybe considered as 107. An engine in Carnot cycle between temperatures
a blackbody radiating into a black enclosure at 80 of 500 deg. C and 30 deg. C produces 50 kJ of work.
deg. C. Considering only radiation, calculate the What is the change in entropy where heat rejection
temperature of the filament if the filament diameter occurs?
is 0.10 mm and length is 6 cm.
A. 106.4 kJ/K C. 120.5 kJ/K
A. 3109.97oC C. 3245.45oC
B. 160.4 kJ/K D. 102.5 kJ/K
B. 2837oC D. 2313.9oC

## 114. A cylinder 10 ft long and 2 ft in diameter is

35. A 6-stage centrifugal pump delivers 1600 gpm of suspended in air with a flow of 8 ft/s. The density
water against a net pressure of 800 lbf/in2. What is of air is 0.00234 slug/ft3 and coefficient of drag of
the specific speed if it rotates at 1750 rpm? sphere is 1.3. What is the drag on the cylinder?

## B. 952.82 rpm D. 546.23 rpm B. 1.95 lbf D. 0.311 lbf

45. A 4000 Btu of heat is transferred from a reservoir 119. Three liquids of specific gravity 0.7, 0.8 and
at 800 deg. F to a reservoir at 200 deg. F. What is 0.9 respectively are mixed with a proportion of 3, 4
the entropy change of the system? and 5 by mass. What is the relative density of the
mixture?
A. 2.89 C. 1.34
A. 0.81 C. 0.73
B. 3.24 D. 3.21
B. 0.62 D. 0.92

## 76. A rectangular duct 0.15 m by 0..12 cm long and

carries standard air at the rate of 0.3 m3/s. 122. A vertical bulkhead 9.6 m wide by 6 m deep
Calculate the total pressure at the inlet to the duct separates two tanks. One tank contains oil of relative
to maintain this flow. Assume that for a duct, density of 0.8 to a depth of 4.2 m. Find the total