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the entrance of compressor were obtained from a test

on a twin cylinder, single acting 15 cm x 20 cm, 320 D. 7.05 kJ added

rpm compressor ammonia refrigerating plant to be 33

L/s. Determine the volumetric efficiency of the Answer: B

compressor.

A. 77.65 % C. 97.6 TR

8. An elastic sphere containing gas at 120 kpa has a

B. 87.6 % D. 65.65 % diameter of 1.0 m. Heating the sphere caused it to

expand to a diameter of 1.4 m. During the process the

Answer: B pressure is proportional to the sphere diameter.

Calculate the work done by the gas.

A. 143.91 kJ C. 154.5 kJ

2. A 600-kg hammer of a pile drive is lifted 2 meters

above the pile head. If the hammer is released, what B. 200.7 kJ D. 133.91 kJ

will be the velocity at the instant its strikes the

piling head g = 9.65 m/s2. Answer: D

B. 3.25 m/s D. 4.5 m/s 9. Fifty kilograms of cooling water per second enter

the condenser at 25 0C and leaves at 50 0C. Find the

Answer: A heat carried away by water.

A. 1234.45 kW C. 2340.52 kW

humidity and 25 0C when the barometric pressure is

101.325 kPa. From steam tables: Psat 34 0C = 3.169 Answer: B

kPa.

A. 0.014 kg water vapor/kg dry air

10. Ten kilograms per second of steam enter the

B. 0.14 kg water vapor/kg dry air turbine with an enthalpy of 3200 kJ/kg and enter the

condenser with an enthalpy of 2500 kJ/kg in Rankine

C. 1.4 kg water vapor/kg dry air cycle. If the turbine efficiency is 80% and the

generator efficiency is 90%, determine the power

D. 0.0014 kg water vapor/kg dry air plant output.

Answer: A A. 4320 kW C. 4056 kW

B. 3213 kW D. 5040 kW

4. Answer: 97 x 10-6 Answer: D

the barometer reads 14.8 psia. Find the absolute

pressure in kPa.

A. 666.66 kPa C. 446.66 kPa 12. Determine the quality of steam in a vessel

containing 2 kg of saturated vapor and 8 kg of

B. 556.66 kPa D. 336.66 kPa saturated liquid.

Answer: C A. 100% C. 80%

B. 20% D. 60%

6. A new temperature scale is to be used where Answer: B

freezing and boiling temperature of water is at 100

deg N and 500 deg N respectively. Calculate the

absolute zero temperature in deg N.

13. Answer: 5.28

A. -992.6 deg NC. -995.6 deg N

B. -932.7 deg ND. -932.4 deg N

14. The condenser of reheat power plant rejects heat

Answer: A at the rate of 500 kW. The mass flow rate of cooling

water is 5 kg/s and the inlet cooling water

temperature is 35 0C. Calculate the condenser cooling

water exit temperature.

7. Consider 1 kg of air at 32 0C that expanded by a

reversible polytropic process with n = 1.25 until the A. 43.35 0C C. 63.66 0C

pressure is halved: Determine the heat transfer.

Specific heat at constant volume for air is 0.1786 B. 53.45 0C D. 74.34 0C

kJ/kg.K.

Answer: C

A. 17.02 kJ heat rejected

B. 17.02 kJ added

15. Answer: 2837

16. A heat engine has a thermal efficiency of 50%. Answer: C

How much power does the engine produce when heat is

transferred at a rate of 10 kJ/hr (109 J/hr)?

A. 50 MW C. 139 MW 23. A window-type air conditioner is rated with

compressor power of 1 Hp. The unit has an EER of 11.1.

B. 75 MW D. 147 MW Determine the maximum cooling capacity of the unit in

tons of refrigeration.

Answer: C

A. 0.54 C. 0.69

B. 0.63 D. 0.51

17. A circular chip (k = 150 W/ m K) with a diameter

d = 10 mm and thickness of 4 mm is embedded in a Answer: C

circuit board. Its surface is exposed to the flow of

coolant (h= 250 W/m-K, T = 10 deg C) while its side

and back surfaces are perfectly insulated. If at any

24. Find the enthalpy of Helium if its internal energy

point in the chip the temperature must not exceed 90

is 200kJ/kg

deg C, what is the steady state heat dissipation of

the chip? A. 144 kJ/kg C. 333.42 kJ/kg

A. 2.06 W C. 2.01 W B. 223.42 kJ/kg D. 168 kJ/kg

B. 1.56 W D. 1.74 W Answer: C

Answer: B

air per hour and air supply temperature rises about

18. One kilogram of air is compressed adiabatically

10oC and air picks up latent heat about 150 kW,

and in a steady-flow manner. The compression

determine the sensible heat factor of the system.

efficiency is 80% and the work done on the air is

265kJ/kg. Compute the heat. A. 0.597 C. 0.612

A. 212 kJ/kg C. 0 kJ/kg B. 0.554 D. 0.509

B. 100 kJ/kg D. 331.25 kJ/kg Answer: A

Answer: C

40oC

19. 1 kg steel (C= 0.5 kJ/kg-K) rivet cools from 800

K to 300 K upon being installed in a riveted A. 6.47 kg C. 10.20 kg

structure. The entropy change in KJ/K of this rivet

is; B. 5.1 kg D. 9.47 kg

A. -0.245 C. -0.631 Answer: D

B. -0.49 D. -0.546

Answer: B 27. For a certain drier, the feed has a moisture

regain of 160%. Determine the percent moisture of the

feed.

20. Three-hundred kilojoules of heat flow by A. 60 C. 61.54

conduction from the outside to the inside of a cold

storage in one hour. If the temperature and all other B. 62.43 D. 50

conditions are the same, what is the heat flowing

through the cold storage room in two hours? Ansswer: C

A. 600 kJ C. 300 kJ

B. 900kJ D. 1,200 kJ 28. Compute the air flow in ft3/min of mechanical

ventilation required to exhaust an accumulation of

Answer: A refrigerant due to leaks of the system capable of

revolving air from the machinery room for a mass of

4lbs refrigerant.

21. The heat pump has a performance factor of 8.0. If A. 200 C. 220

the heat pump is used as a refrigerator, what is the

required horsepower per ton of refrigeration? B. 210 D. 230

A. 0.942 C. 0.765 Answer: A

B. 0.456 D. 0.673

Answer: D 29. An amount of air with DB temperature of 35 C.

With the temperature 28 C is passed through an air

conditioner and exhaust at a DB Temperature of 24C

22. Determine the specific weight of air at 760 mmHg and RH 0f 50%. Cooling coil temperature is

absolute and 22C? approximately 18 C. Determine the bypass factor of

the air conditioning.

A. 1.014 kg/m3 C. 1.197 kg/m3

A. 0.69 C. 0.26

B. 1.316 kg/m3 D. 1.266 kg/m3

B. 0.43 D. 0.35

Answer: D If the compressor uses intercooling, determine the

ideal pressure at the first stage intercooler.

A. 228.87 kPa C. 453.45 kPa

30. Compute the free aperture cross section in m2 for

the ventilation of a machinery room if the mass of B. 345.67 kPa D. 345.45 kPa

refrigerant IS 9 KG.

Answer: A

A. 0.314 C. 0.514

B. 0.414 D. 0.614

38. Find the loss of head in the pipe entrance if

Answer: B speed of flow is 10 m/s.

A. 5.10 C. 17.4

31. A commercial air-conditioner is rated by means of B. 10.2 D. 2.55

its EER or energy efficiency ratio. For a certain

air-conditioner with a cooling capacity of 4 KW and Answer: D

requires 1000 W, approximate the EER of this unit.

A. 13.65 C. 10.10

39. A Pelton wheel has a capacity of 25 000 kW with

B. 12.80 D. 11.11 head of 290 m. What is the number of jet needed for

this turbine if the jet if the nozzle jet diameter is

Answer: A 200 mm.

A. 3 C. 2

32. A 29.53 X 39.37 pressure vessel contains ammonia B. 4 D. 1

with f=0.041. Compute the minimum required discharge

capacity of the relief device in kg/hr. Answer: B

B. 108.71 kg/hr D. 112.71 kg/hr 40. Wet material, containing 220% moisture (dry

basis) s to be dried at the rate of 1.5 kg/s in a

Answer: C continuous dryer to give a product containing 10%

(dry basis). Find the moisture removed in kg/hr

A. 3543.75 kg/hr C. 3563.75 kg/hr

33. The cooling water leaves the condenser at 60 C

and leaves the cooling tower at 35 C. The ambient B. 3513.75 kg/hr D. 3593.75 kg/hr

air is at 35 C DB and 28 C WB. Determine the cooling

tower efficiency. Answer: A

A. 41.67 C. 78

B. 80 D. 53.33 41. Fresh water flows through a short smooth

horizontal pipe of tapered bore. At the large end the

Answer: C velocity is 1.5 m/s. At the small end the pressure is

14 Kpa. Calculate the velocity at this end.

A. 4.4 m/s C. 6.6 m/s

34. Compute the maximum length of the discharge pipe

installed on the outlet of a pressure-relief device B. 5.5 m/s D. 3.3 m/s

in feet for internal pipe diameter of 0.5 in and rated

discharge capacity is 8 lb/min of air. The rated Answer: B

pressure of relief valve is 16 psig.

A. 0.286 ft C. 0.486 ft

42. Copra enters a dryer containing 70% moisture and

B. 0.386 ft D. 0.586 ft leaves at 7% moisture. Find the moisture removed on

each pound of solid in final product.

Answer: A

A. 6.258 lb C. 4.258 lb

B. 1.258 lb D. 2.258 lb

35. Answer: 952.82

Answer: D

Btu/kW-hr, Find the thermal efficiency of the plant. 43. If the specific heat at constant pressure for C0

is given as 0.201 Btu/lb R, what is the value of the

A. 28% C. 34% specific heat at constant volume?

B. 30% D. 40% A. 0.156 Btu/lbR C. 0.435 Btu/lbR

Answer: B B.0.365 Btu/lbR D. 0.435 Btu/lbR

Ans. A

37. The suction pressure of a 4-stage compressor is

140 kPa. It compresses air at the rate of 15 m3/min,

clearance is about 8% and 200 rpm. The compressor 44. A 1 m x 1.5 m cylindrical tank is full of oil

discharges compressed air at a pressure of 1000 kPa. with S.G = 0.92. Find the force acting at the bottom

of the tank in dynes.

A. 106.33 x 10^7 dynes A. 1.04 lbs C. 1.24 lbs

B. 106.33 x 10^4 dynes B. 1.14 lbs D. 1.34 lbs

C. 106.33 x 10^5 dynes Answer: C

D. 106.33 x 10^6 dynes

Answer: D 53. Calculate the scale ratio for the model turbine

if the prototype to model speed at head ratio is 0.675

and 12 respectively.

45. Answer: 2.89 A. 5.14 C. 5.82

B. 5.13 D. 5.32

46. Find the pressure at the 100 fathom depth of water Answer: B

in kpag.

A. 1,793.96 kpag C. 1,993.96 kpag

54. Find the heat needed to raise the temperature of

B. 1,893.96 kpag D. 1,693.96 kpag water from 30oC to 100oC with 60% quality. Consider

an atmospheric pressure of 101.325 kPa. Use the

Answer: A approximate enthalpy formula of liquid.

A. 1,293.09 kJ/kg C. 1,547.90 kJ/kg

47. Air flows in a duct pressure of 150 kPa with a B. 1,772.90 kJ/kg D. 1,647.29 kJ/kg

velocity of 200 m/s. The temperature of the air is

310 K. Determine the isentropic stagnation. Answer: D

A. 320 C. 341

B. 332 D. 361 55. A Pelton wheel running at a speed of 600 rpm is

driven by 2 similar jets. At this speed, it transmit

Answer: B 6000 kW to the shaft. The efficiency of the runner is

90% and the velocity of the fluid at inlet to the

bucket is 50 m/s, estimate the diameter of each jet.

48. Find the depth in furlong of the ocean (S.G =

A. 0.0165 m C. 0.0143 m

1.03) if the pressure at the sea bed is 2,032.56 kpag.

B. 0.0435 m D. 0.0123 m

A. 1 C. 3

Answer: A

B. 2 D. 4

Answer: A

56. An air compressor consumed 1200 kW-hr per day of

energy. The electric motor driving the compressor has

49. Find the COP of the refrigerator whose energy an efficiency of 80%. If indicated power of the

supply equals one-fourth the amount of heat it compressor is 34 kW, find the mechanical efficiency

extracts. of the compressor.

A. 3 C. 5 A. 117.65% C. 85%

B. 4 D. 2 B. 75% D. 90%

Answer: B Answer: C

50. Find the mass of 10 quartz of water. 57. A steam generator operating at 92% efficiency

leaves water at 15.6 C while steam leaves the

A. 10.46 kg C. 11.46 kg superheater at h = 3374.8 KJ/kg. Estimate the

evaporation factor if the boiler consumes coal of

B. 9.46 kg D. 8.46 kg calorific value 24,500 KJ/kg.

Answer: B A. 6.81 m C. 8.21 m

B. 6.72 m D. 7.21 m

51. A potential waterfall for hydroelectric power Answer: A

plant has available at a rate of 160 m3/s under a head

of 18 m. Find the number of francis turbines required

if it runs at 120 rpm, specific speed and hydraulic

efficiency of 80%. 58. A refrigeration system consumed 28,300 kW-hr per

month of energy. There are 20% of energy is lost due

A. 3 turbines C. 5 turbines to cooling system of the compressor and motor

efficiency is 90%. If COP pf the system is 6, find

B. 2 turbines D. 4 turbines the tons of refrigeration of the system.

Answer: B A. 43.15% C. 49.15%

B. 46.15% D. 41.15%

52. The mass of carbon dioxide having a pressure of Answer: C

20 psia at 200F with 10 ft3 volume.

59. A 23 tons of refrigeration system has a heat 66. Determine the net cycle heat rate of a steam power

rejected of 1ookW. Find the energy efficiency ratio plant with a gross cycle heat rate of 75% and the

of the system. rate of turbine output to net cycle work output is

1.11.

A. 13.42 C. 15.42

A. 83.25% C. 87.45%

B. 14.42 D. 16.42

B. 76.25% D. 80.76%

Answer: B

Answer: A

circulation of a 10-m riser if specific volume at the 67. What is the approximate value of temperature of

downcomer is 0.0014 m3/kg and at the riser top is water having enthalpy of 208 Btu/lb?

0.0032 m3/kg.

A. 138.67C C. 258.67C

A. 19.71 kPa C. 21.45 kPa

B. 115.55C D. 68.67C

B. 12.45 kPa D. 15.74 kPa

Answer: B

Answer: A

61. A 200 mm x 250 mm, 8-cylinder, 4-stroke diesel power plant with a boiler efficiency of 92%, cycle

engine has a brake power of 150 kW. The mechanical efficiency of 44%, mechanical loss of 5%, generator

efficiency is 80%. If two cylinders were accidentally efficiency of 93% and gross power production 32,000

cut-off, what will be the new friction power? KW?

A. 31.50 kW C. 35.50 kW A. 33.98% C. 35.44%

B. 33.50 kW D. 37.50 kW B. 36.88% D. 38.84%

Answer: D Answer: B

62. Estimate the circulation ratio in the downcomer 69. An Otto cycle has a compression ratio of 8. Find

riser circuit when the mass of saturated water flowing the pressure ratio during compression.

through it is 10 kg/s while at the riser exit

saturated liquid water flows at 8.5 kg/s. A. 18.38 C. 14.38

A. 1.18 C. 5.9 B. 16.38 D. 12.38

B. 6.67 D. 0.85 Answer: A

Answer: B

water at a rate of 10.5 kg/s from the boiler. If the

63. If the efficiency ratio of the refrigeration circulation ratio is 11.5, what is the top dryness

system is 12.6, what is the COP of the system? fraction?

A. 3.69 C. 5.92 A. 0.095 C. 0.081

B. 4.23 D. 6.83 B. 0.087 D. 0.913

Answer: A Answer: B

64. The two phase flow in a riser has a volume quality 71. A diesel cycle has a cut off ratio of 2.5 and

and moisture of 0.60 and 90% respectively. If the expansion ratio of 4. Find the clearance of the cycle.

ratio of the specific volume of vapor to that of the

liquid is 20, Estimate the slip ratio. A. 9.11 % C. 11.11%

A. 1.48 C. 1.74 B. 5.55% D. 15.25%

B. 1.67 D. 1.32 Answer: C

Answer: A

is in an air stream. The flow velocity is 5 ft/s

65. An air compressor has a power of 40 kW at 4% perpendicular to the axis of the cylinder. Given that

clearance. If clearance will increase to 7%, what is the coefficient of drag on the cylinder is 1.3 and

the new power? the density of air is 0.00234 slug/ft3. What is the

force in the cylinder?

A. 70 kW C. 53 kW

A. 0.09 lb C. 0.46 lb

B. 40 kW D. 60 kW

B. 0.11 lb D. 0.91 lb

Answer: B

Answer: C

73. A dual cycle has an initial temperature of 30oC. B. 0.000365 D. 0.000485

The compression ratio is 6 and heat addition at

constant volume process is 600 Kj/kg. If cut-off ratio Answer: C

is 2.5, find the maximum temperature of the cycle.

A. 3638.50C C. 3565.50C

81. Carnot cycle A, B and C are connected in series

B. 3365.50C D. 3965.50C so that the heat rejected from A will be the heat

added to B and heat rejected from B will be added to

Answer: B C. Each cycle operates between 30C and 400C. If heat

added to A is 1000kW, find the work output of C.

A. 111.44 kW C. 247.53 kW

74. A rectangular duct section 35 cm x 50 cm size

carries 75 m3/min of air having density of 1.15 kg/m3. B. 549.78 kW D. 141.89 kW

If the friction factor of sheet metal is 0.01, find

the pressure loss per 100 m length of duct. Answer: A

A. 29 mm of H2O C. 25 mm of H2O

B. 36 mm of H2O D. 35 mm of H2O 82. Answer: 0.07

Answer: A

83. two kilogram of air in a rigid tank changes its

temperature from 32 to 150 c. find the work done

75. A three stages air compressor compresses air from during the process.

100kPa to 1000 kPa. Find the intercooler pressure

between the first and second stage. A. 236 C. 195

Answer: D

84. Determine the atmospheric pressure at a location

where barometric reading is 740 mmhg and

76. Answer: 671.85 gravitational acceleration is g=9.7 m/s2. Assume the

temperature of mercury to be 10 c, at which the

density is 13570 kg/m3.

77. A 10-stages air compressor compresses air from A. 99.45 kpa C. 95.44 kpa

100 kPa to 800 kPa. Find the intercooler pressure

between the first and second stage. B. 97.41 kpa D. 98.66 kpa

Answer: C 85. A reverse Carnot cycle air refrigeration

equipment has a compressor working with a compression

ratio of 12. The temperature limits of the cycle are

300 K and 270 K. determine the refrigerating effect

78. A circular duct if 40-cm is selected to carry air of the unit.

in an air conditioned space at a velocity of 440

m/min. to keep the noise at desired level. If this A. 2.45 TR C. 2.06 TR

duct is replaced by a rectangular duct of aspect ratio

1:5, find the size of rectangular duct for equal B. 1.86 TR D. 1.26 TR

friction method when the velocity of air in two ducts

is same. Answer: D

A. 45 cm x 30 cm C. 50 cm x 35 cm

B. 40 cm x 25 cm D. 30 cm x 15 cm 86. The barometer of a mountain hiker reads 930 mbars

at the beginning of a hiking trip and 780 mbars at

Answer: A the end. Neglecting the effect of altitude on local

gravitational acceleration, determine the vertical

distance climbed. Assume g=9.7 m/s2

79. A 3-stages air compressor compresses air from 1oo A. 1274.21 m C. 1267.34 m

kPa to 700 kPa. Find the intercooler pressure between

the 2nd and 3rd stage B. 1289.00 m D. 1583.34 m

B. 375.88 kW D. 395.88 kW

Answer: A 87. A refrigeration system produces 20 kg/hr of ice

from water at 20 deg. C. Find the tonnage of the unit

A. 0.66 C. 0.77

80. A galvanized steel duct of 0.4 diameter and 20oC

and 1.013 bar. If the surface roughness for the duct B. 0.55 D. 0.45

is 0.15 mm, find the roughness factor.

Answer: A

A. 0.000475 C. 0.000375

88. the lower half of a 10 m high cylindrical x 18m from the outside from the rate of 1 cu meter

container is filled with water and the upper half per min air replacement for each square meter of floor

with oil that has SG=0.85. Determine the pressure space. The design condition include 20 C room

difference between the top and bottom of the cylinder. temperature and -20 C outside air temperature. In

addition the pressure in the room is to be maintain

A. 90.74 kpa C. 83.38 kpa at a positive pressure of 7 Kpa, to ensure that there

will be no air leakage into the laboratory. How much

B. 92.74 kpa D. 98.10 kpa heat would be required to condition the air for this

Answer: A room?

A. 177.11 KW C. 168.7 KW

temperature of -40 C in a refrigerator. If the Answer: D

refrigerator works on the reverse Carnot Cycle,

determine the heat rejected to the sink per ton of

refrigeration.

96. ammonia weighing 22 kgs is confirmed inside a

A. 69.72 Kcal/min C. 81.61 Kcal/min cylinder equipped with a piston has an initial

pressure of 413 kpa at 38 c. if 3200 KJ of heat is

B. 70.44 Kcal/min D. 84.65 Kcal/min added to the ammonia until its final pressure and

Answer: C temperature are 413 kpa and 100 c, respectively. What

is the amount of work by the fluid in KJ?

A. 667 C. 420

90. An ideal gas at 0.80 atmospheric and 87 c occupies

0.450 liters. How many moles are in the sample? B. 304 D. 502

(R=0.0821 lit-atm/mole-k) Answer: A

A. 0.0002 mol C. 0.0122 mol

B. 0.0378 mol D. 0.0091 mol 97. A refrigeration system produces 20 kg/hr of ice

Answer: C from water at 20 deg. C. Find the tonnage of the unit

A. 0.66 C. 0.77

91. Determine the mass of ice produced from water per B. 0.55 D. 0.45

day for the following conditions water temperature 20 Answer: A

deg C, tonnage of the unit 150 tons, operating at

temperature 5 deg C and 28 deg C, latent heat of ice

330 KJ/kg.

98. A tank contains 90 ft3 of air at a pressure of

A. 107,498 kg C. 134,112 kg 350 psig; if air is cooled until its pressure and

temperature decreases to 200 psig and 70 F

B. 120,465 kg D. 140,362 kg respectively, what is the decrease in internal

Answer: A energy?

A. 6232 Btu C. 5552

92. A certain gas at 101.325 kpa and 10 c whose volume B. -5552 D. -6232.09 BTU

is 2.83 m3 are compressed into a storage vessel of Answer: D

0.31 kpa capacity. Before admission, the storage

vessel contained the gas and temperature of 037.8 kpa

and 26 c after admission the pressure has increased

to 1171.8 kpa. What should be the final temperature 99. About 3 Hp per ton is required to maintain a

of the gas in the vessel in Kelvin? temperature of -40 C in a refrigerator. If the

refrigerator works on the reverse Carnot Cycle,

A. 298.0 C. 180.0 determine the heat rejected to the sink per ton of

refrigeration.

B. 319.8 D. 314.2

A. 69.72 Kcal/min C. 81.61 Kcal/min

Answer: D

B. 70.44 Kcal/min D. 84.65 Kcal/min

Answer: C

93. Answer: 12.03

94. A perfect gas has a value of R = 58.8 ft-lb/lb-R of compresed air tank. Air pressure in the tank drops

and k = 1.26. If 20 BTU are added to 10 lbs of this from 700 kpa to 150 kpa while the temperature remains

gas at constant volume when initial temperature is 90 constant at 28 c. what percentage has the mass of air

F, find the final temperature. in the tank been reduced?

A. 97 F C. 154 F A. 74.00 C. 76.56

B. 104 F D. 185 F B. 72.45 D. 78.57

Answer: A Answer: D

and ventilated. Air is to be supplied to a room 12 m

101. Determine the mass of ice produced from water 107. Answer: 106.4

per day for the following conditions water

temperature 20 deg C, tonnage of the unit 150 tons, 108. Steam at 2 MPa and 250 c in a rigid cylinder is

operating at temperature 5 deg C and 28 deg C, latent cooled until the quality is 30 %. Find the heat

heat of ice 330 KJ/kg. rejected from the cylinder.

vf = 0.0011767 vg = 0.09963

102. A 4 m3/hr pump delivers water to a pressure tank. uf = 906.44 ufg = 1693.8

At a start, the gage reads 138 kpa until it reads 276

kpa and then the pump was shut off. The volume of the

tank is 180 lit. At 276 kpa the water occupied 2/3 of

A. -432.23 kJ/kg C. -1265.02 kJ/kg

the tank volume. Determine the volume of water that

can be taken out until the gage reads 138 kpa. B. -926.26 kJ/kg D. 1082.34 kJ/kg

A. 31.20 li C. 16.87 li Answer: C

B. 34.59 li D. 29.50 li

Answer: B 109. A 3 HP refrigerator or heat pump operates between

0oF and 100oF. The maximum theoretical heat that can

be transferred from the cold reservoir is nearest to:

103. What should be the cooling requirement due to

A. 7600 BTU/hr C. 23000 BTU/hr

emission of body to maintain a comfortable

temperature in a dance hall that had an attendance of B. 13000 BTU/hr D. 35000 BTU/hr

1500 people if it has been determined that 75% of the

people will be dancing and others will be seated. Answer: D

Tests have shown that an adult will give off 71.8 W

of sensible heat while engaging in moderate dancing

and 57.1 W of sensible heat while sitting. The 1773.3

W for dancers and 45.5 W for sitters. 110. Steam at 1.3 MPa and 250oC in a rigid cylinder

is cooled until the quality is 40%, find the heat

A. 200 kW C. 301 kW rejected from the cylinder.

Answer: D

capacity. How many pounds of air per hour will it

cool from 70 to 90 F at constant pressure? 111. A block of wood floats in water with 6 inches

projecting above the water surface. If the same block

A. 50000 lb/hr C. 52000 lb/hr were placed in alcohol of specific gravity 0.82, the

block would project 4 inches above the surface of the

B. 37500 lb/hr D. 45000 lb/hr alcohol. Determine the specific gravity of the wood

block.

Answer: B

A. 0.603 C. 0.405

B. 0.306 D. 0.204

105. A refrigerator is rated at USA one ton capacity.

It maintains a cooling temperature of 4.4oC Answer: A

(evaporator temperature). A refrigerant with a

refrigerating effect of 136 kJ/kg is in the condenser

just ahead of the expansion valve. If the refrigerant

vapor has a density of 19.80 kg/m3, what should be 112. Mixture with 70 % quality at 500 kpa is heated

the capacity of the compressor? until its pressure is 300 kpa. Find the heat added

during the process.

A. 0.078 m3/min C. 0.102 m3/min

At 500 kPa: sf = 1.8607 sfg = 4.9606

B. 0.091 m3/min D. 0.113 m3/min

At 300 kPa and 151.86oC (Psat@500): s = 7.0888

Answer: A

106. Determine the air standard efficiency of an

engine operating on the diesel cycle with clearance B. 535.16 kJ/kg D. 765.34 kJ/kg

of 6 % when the suction pressure is 99.97 kpa and the

fuel is injected for 7 % of the stroke. Assume k=1.4 Answer: A

A. 62.11 % C. 73.58 %

B. 51.20 % D. 60.02 % 113. A tank contains exactly one kilogram of water

consisting of liquid and vapor in equilibrium at 1

Answer: A Mpa. If the liquid contains one-third and the

remaining is vapor of the volume of the tank, what is

the enthalpy of the contents of the tank?

At 1 MPa: F. find the boiling temperature when the pressure is

increased by 40 psia from atmospheric

hf = 762.81 kJ/kg hfg = 2015.3 kJ/kg

A. 449.42oF C. 479.13oF

vf = 0.0011273 vfg = 0.19444

B. 526.34oF D. 263.45oF

Answer: A

A. 644.40 kJ/kg C. 785.92 kJ/kg

B. 774.40 kJ/kg D. 435.29 kJ/kg

121. Determine the amount of oxygen if the heating

Answer: C value of fuel is 26961.45 kJ/kg

A. 1.5% C. 3.5%

114. Answer: 1.95 B. 2.5% D. 4.5%

Answer: C

115. Water substance at 70 bars and 65 c enters a

boiler tube of constant inside diameter of 25 mm. the

water leaves the boiler tube at 50 bars and 700 k at 122. Answer: 1.168

velocity 150 m/s. calculate the inlet velocity (m/s)

A. 1.56 C. 1.672

123. A diesel engine consumed 945 lit of fuel per day

B. 2.51 D. 3.230 at 35oC. If the fuel was purchased at 15.5 c and 30

API at P29.00/li determine the cost of fuel operate

Answer: B the engine per day

A. P5677.50 C. P48088.90

116. The Reynolds number of a falling sphere in air B. P4677.50 D. P27127.76

is 1x106. If the spheres radius is 1ft, what is its

velocity? (Pair= 0.00234 slug/ft3, air = 3.8x10-7 lbf- Answer: D

sec/ft2)

A. 40.6 ft/sec C. 5.1 ft/sec

124. A cylindrical tank 4m and 3m diameter is used

B. 2.5 ft/sec D. 81.2 ft/sec for oil storage. How many days can the tank supply

the engine having 27 API with fuel consumption of 60

Ans. D kg/hr

A. 17.53 C. 12.84

117. Water substance at 70 bar and 65 c enters a B. 5.84 D. 19.84

boiler tube of constant inside diameter of 35 mm. The

water leaves the boiler tube at 50 bar and 700 k at Answer: A

velocity of 100 m/s. calculate the inlet volume flow

(li/s)

A. 0.821 C. 0.344 125. The dry exhaust gas from oil engine has the

following gravimetric analysis

B. 1.261 D. 1.609

CO2=21.6% O2=4.2% N2=74.2%

Answer: D

Specific heats at constant pressure for each

component of the exhaust gas in Kcal/ kg c are

118. Steam leaves an industrial boiler at 827.4kpa CO2 =0.203 O2=0.219 N2=0.248

and 171.6 c. a portion of the steam is passed through

a throttling calorimeter and is exhausted to the Calculate the specific gravity if the molecular

atmosphere when the calorimeter pressure is 101.4 weight of air is 28.97 kg/kg-mol

kpa. How much moisture does the steam leaving the

A. 0.981 C. 1.055

boiler contain if the temperature of the steam at the

calorimeter is 115.6 c? B. 1.244 D. 0.542

At 827 kPa (171.6oC): hf = 727.25 hfg = 2043.2 Answer: C

At 101.4 kPa and 115.6oC: h2 = 2707.6

A. 3.78% C. 4.56% C=71.5% H=5.0% O=7.0 %

B. 3.08% D. 2.34% N=1.3% S=3 % Ash=7.6% W=3.4%

Answer: B Determine the theoretical weight of nitrogen in lb/lb

of coal

A. 2.870 C. 2.274

119. Answer: 0.81

B. 7.526 D. 6.233

Answer: B

120. Atmospheric pressure boils at 212 F. at the

vacuum pressure at 24 in hg, the temperature is 142

127. A gaseous fuel mixture has a molal analysis A. 0.00714 C. 0.00234

H2=14% CH4=3% CO=27% B. 0.00614 D. 0.00187

O2=0.6% CO=24.5% N2=50.9 % Answer: A

Determine the air fuel ratio for complete combustion

on molal basis

134. Convert 750R to K

A. 2.130 C. 1.233

A. 390.33 C. 410.33

B. 3.230 D. 1.130

B. 395 D. 416.33

Answer: C

Answer: D

following data to be air conditioned; room sensible 135. Air compressed adiabatically from 30 to 100oC.

heat gain 10,000(50000) Btu/hr. Outside room latent If mass of air being compressed is 5 kg., find the

heat gain 10,000 Btu/hr. Outside conditioned 95oF DB change of entropy

& 75oF WB, inside condition 50 F. Calculate the

refrigeration tonnage required with 10% safety A. 1039 kJ/kg C. 0 kJ/kg

factor. B. 0.746 kJ/kg D. 1245 kJ/kg

A. 5.5 C. 1.5 Answer: C

B. 3.5 D. 6.5

Answer: A 136. The sun generates an average of 2 kW/m2 when

tapped as source of energy where in a flat plate

collector with an area of 1.5 m2 is used. Flow rate

129. A volumetric analysis of a gas mixture as follows of water inside the collector is 40 liters per hour.

Calculate for the temperature rise of the working

CO2:12% O2: 4% N2: 80% CO: 4% fluid in oC.

Answer: A

137. Air standard engine has a compression ratio of

18 and a cut-off ratio of 4. If the intake air

130. An impulse wheel at best produces 125 hp under pressure and temperature are 100 kPa and 27oC, find

a head of 210 ft. by what percent should the speed be the work in KJ per kg.

increased for a 290-ft head?

A. 2976 C. 1582

A. 82.5% C. 72.41%

B. 2166 D. 2751

B. 17.5% D. 71.59%

Answer: D

Answer: B

131. Find the work process for a Helium gas at 20 0C desuperheated steam line supplying steam to the

auxillary feed pump on a ship. The line pressure

A. 609 kJ/kg C. 229 kJ/kg measures 2.5 Mpa. The calorimeter pressure is 110 kpa

and 150oC. Determine the entropy of the steam line.

B. 168 kJ/kg D. 339 kJ/kg

A. 6.8 kJ/kg-K C. 6.6 kJ/kg-K

Answer: A

B. 6.2 kJ/kg-K D. 7.5 kJ/kg-K

Answer: B

132. A horizontal jet fresh water 40 mm diameter

impinges on a stationary flat plate which is

perpendicular to the jet, and the direct force to

prevent the plate moving is measured to be 225 N. 139. A logging firm in Isabella operates a diesel

assuming that there is no splash back of water, find electric plant to supply its electric energy

the initial velocity of the jet. requirements. During a 24 hour period, the plant

consumed 250 gallons of fuel at 80 F and produced

A. 13.39 m/s C. 16.21 m/s 2900 kw-hrs. Industrial fuel used is 30 API and was

purchased at P30.00/li. at 60 F. Determine the overall

B. 12.42 m/s D. 14.34 m/s

thermal efficiency of the plant

Answer: A

A. 26.08% C. 28.00%

B. 34.23% D. 18.46%

133. What is the hydraulic gradient of 1 mile, 17

Answer: C

inches inside diameter pipe when 3300 gal/min of water

flow with f=0.03

140. A stocker fired boiler of 195 000 kg/hr steaming 146. In an open feedwater heater for a steam plant,

capacity uses this coal as fuel. Calculate volume of saturated steam at 7 bar is mixed with subcooled

air in m3/hr with air at 60 F and 14.7 psia and 14.7 liquid at 7 bar and 25 %. Just enough steam is

psia pressure if boiler efficiency is 70% and FE = supplied to ensure that the mixed steam leaving the

1.10 heater will be saturated liquid at 7 bars when heater

efficiency is 95 %. Calculate the mass flow rate of

A. 234 019 m3/hr C. 213 830 m3/hr subcooled liquid steam flow rate is 0.865 kg/s

B. 215 830 m3/hr D. 264 830 m3/hr A. 2.725 kg/s C. 2.869 kg/s

Answer: A B. 3.353 kg/s D. 3.948 kg/s

Answer: C

141. A windmill with a 6 m radius rotor is to be

installed where atmospheric pressure conditions

prevail at 101.325 kPa and 21 oC. It was observed that 147. A steam condenser receives 10 kg/s of steam with

the wind is blowing steadily at an average velocity an enthalpy of 2770 kj/kg. Steam condenses into a

of 20 m/s. Assuming that the conversion efficiency is liquid and leaves with an enthalpy of 160 kj/kg.

somewhere between 20% to 25%, determine the maximum Cooling water passes through the condenser with

available power from the windmill. temperature increases from 13 deg to 24 deg c.

Calculate the water flow rate in kg/s.

A. 124.78 kW C. 167.25 kW

A. 583 C. 523

B. 135.81 kW D. 225.78 kW

B. 567 D. 528

Answer: B

Answer: B

is produced by a steam generator. The feedwater enters 148. Steam expands adiabatically in a turbine from

the economizer at 145 c and leaves 205 c. the steam 2000 kpa, 400 c to 400 kpa, 250 C. what is the

leaves the boiler drum with a quality of 98 %. The effectiveness of the process in percent assuming

unit consumes 3 kg of coal per second as received pressure of 18 C, neglecting changes in kinetic and

having a heating value of 25 102 kj/kg. What would be potential energy

the overall efficiency of the unit in percent?

A. 82 C. 79.60

A. 65.72 C. 88.28

B. 84 D. 79.46

B. 80.67 D. 78.82

Answer: D

Answer: B

143. In a rankine cycle enters the turbine at 2.5 Mpa is 10,500 kW. Two substations are supplied by this

(enthalpies & entropies given) and condenser of 50 plant. Annual energy dispatched through substation A

kpa (properties given), what is the thermal is 27, 500,000 kw-hr with a peak load at 8,900 kW,

efficiency of the cycle? 16, 500,000 are sent through substation B with a peak

load at 6,650 kW. Neglect line losses. Find the

A. 25.55 % C. 34.23 % diversity factor between substations and factor of

the power plant.

B. 45.23 % D. 12.34 %

A. 1.48, 0.446 C. 1.75, 0.335

Answer: A

B. 1.48, 0.335 D. 1.75, 0.446

Answer: B

144. A thermal power plant generates 5 MW and the

heat generated by fuel is 13000 kJ/s. If thermal

efficiency is 36.15 %, find the power needed for the

auxiliaries. 150. A heat exchanger was installed purposely to cool

0.50 kg of gas per second. Molecular weight is 32 and

A. 310 kW C. 400 kW k=32. The gas is cooled from 150 c to 80 c. water us

available at the rate of 0.30 kg/s and a temperature

B. 300 kW D. 350 kW of 5 deg c. calculate the exit temperature of the

water in C.

Answer: B

A. 44.86 C. 46.45

B. 42.86 D. 40.34

145. A superheater steam rankine cycle has turbine

inlet conditions of 17.5 MPa and 530 C expands in a Answer: A

turbine to 0.007 MPa. The turbine and pump polytropic

efficiencies are 0.85 and 0.75 respectively, pressure

losses between pump and turbine inlet are 1.5 MPa.

What should be the pump work in kJ/kg?

A. 17.34 C.25.32

B. 27.32 D. 47.33

Answer: C

4. Calculate the thermal diffusivity of pure aluminum 82. A reverse Carnot cycle air conditioner of 4 TR

with density of 2,702 kg/m3, thermal conductivity of capacity operates in cooling coil temperature of 5

237 W/m-K and specific heat of 0.903 kJ/kg-K. deg. C. The surrounding air at 45 deg. C is used as

a cooling medium rising to the temperature of 55 deg.

A. 97 x 10-6 m2/s C. 14.9 x 10-6 m2/s C. The temperature of heat rejection is 60 deg. C.

Determine the mass flow rate of air entering the heat

B. 23.25 x 10-6 m2/s D. 34.5 x 10-6 m2/s exchanger.

Answer: A A. 0.07 kg/s C. 0.16 kg/s

B. 0.12 kg/s D. 0.04 kg/s

11. Air is used in Carnot cycle engine where volumes Answer: A

at the beginning of the constant temperature heat

addition and end of the constant temperature heat

rejection are 0.456 cm3 and 6.73 cm3 respectively.

Calculate the thermal efficiency. 93. A cold storage is required to store 20 tons of

fish. The fish is supplied at temperature of 300C.

A. 0.667 C. 0.786 The specific heat of fish above freezing point is

2.39 kJ/kg-K. The specific heat of fish above freezing

B. 0.656 D. 0.765 point is 2.39 kJ/kg-K. The specific heat of fish below

freezing point is 1.26 kJ/kg-K. The fish is store in

Answer: B

cold storage that is maintained at -8 deg. C. The

freezing point of fish is -4 deg. C. The latent heat

of solidification of fish is 235 kJ/kg. If the plant

13. What is the lifting force in kN of a 10-m diameter requires 75 kW to drive it, find the time taken to

spherical balloon with Helium inside at 101 kPa an achieve cooling. Assume the actual COP is 0.3 times

320 K surrounded by air at 101 kPa and 298.15 K. the Carnot COP of the refrigerating plant.

Answer: B Answer: D

15. The filament of a 100-W bulb maybe considered as 107. An engine in Carnot cycle between temperatures

a blackbody radiating into a black enclosure at 80 of 500 deg. C and 30 deg. C produces 50 kJ of work.

deg. C. Considering only radiation, calculate the What is the change in entropy where heat rejection

temperature of the filament if the filament diameter occurs?

is 0.10 mm and length is 6 cm.

A. 106.4 kJ/K C. 120.5 kJ/K

A. 3109.97oC C. 3245.45oC

B. 160.4 kJ/K D. 102.5 kJ/K

B. 2837oC D. 2313.9oC

Answer: A.

Answer: B

35. A 6-stage centrifugal pump delivers 1600 gpm of suspended in air with a flow of 8 ft/s. The density

water against a net pressure of 800 lbf/in2. What is of air is 0.00234 slug/ft3 and coefficient of drag of

the specific speed if it rotates at 1750 rpm? sphere is 1.3. What is the drag on the cylinder?

Answer: B Answer: A

45. A 4000 Btu of heat is transferred from a reservoir 119. Three liquids of specific gravity 0.7, 0.8 and

at 800 deg. F to a reservoir at 200 deg. F. What is 0.9 respectively are mixed with a proportion of 3, 4

the entropy change of the system? and 5 by mass. What is the relative density of the

mixture?

A. 2.89 C. 1.34

A. 0.81 C. 0.73

B. 3.24 D. 3.21

B. 0.62 D. 0.92

Answer: A

Answer: A

carries standard air at the rate of 0.3 m3/s. 122. A vertical bulkhead 9.6 m wide by 6 m deep

Calculate the total pressure at the inlet to the duct separates two tanks. One tank contains oil of relative

to maintain this flow. Assume that for a duct, density of 0.8 to a depth of 4.2 m. Find the total

friction factor is 0.005. load on the bulkhead in MN.

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