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DESAIN KONDENSOR

DOUBLE PIPE HEAT EXCHANGER (DPHE)

PERHITUNGAN NERACA PANAS (untuk menghitung kebutuhan air pendingin)

Air pendingin
25 C

dari Penampung kondensat


Alat suling 40 C
105 C

Air pendingin
32 C

Data Konstanta Kapasitas Panas Bahan


Cp = a + bT + cT^2 + dT^3
konversi satuan kkal/kgmol K atau C = 0.239
Komponen a b c

H2O (g) 33.5 0.0069 0.0000076


H2O (l) 18.2964 0.47212 -0.0013388

Entalpi masuk heat exchanger


Suhu bahan masuk = 105 C = 378.1
Massa Mol Cp T H
Komponen
( kg/jam) (kgmol) (kkal/kgmol) (kkal)
Vapor 0.63 0.03 665.75
Total

Entalpi keluar heat exchager Panas laten


Suhu bahan keluar = 40 C = 313.1
Komponen Massa Mol Cp T
( kg/jam) (kgmol) (kkal/kgmol) (kkal/m
Kondensat 0.63 0.03 1168.88 9.71797
Total

Perhitungan kebutuhan air pemanas


Entalpi heat exchanger = Entalpi masuk
= 23.12 kal
Entalpi heat exchanger - Q air pendingin = panas bahan kelua
- Q air pendingin =
Entalpi masuk = Entalpi keluar
23.12 = 40.92 -
Q air pendingin (Qh) = 64.04 kkal
Suhu pendingin masuk = 25 C = 298.15
Suhu pendingin keluar = 32 C = 305.15
Cp pendingin pada 25 C = 9779.5081814448 kkal/kg K

Q air pendingin (Qh) = m x Cp x


= m x 9779.5081814448
64.04 = m x 68456.5572701137
m = 0.0009354796 kg
Jadi, kebutuhan air pendingin = 0.0009354796 kg

DESAIN DPHE

air pendingin
T1 28 C
82.4 F

vapour
105 C kondensat
221 F

t 1 32 C
T2 89.6 F
air pendingin

1 Neraca massa dan panas


Massa air pendingin (M) = 94.09 kg/jam =
Massa vapour (m) = 0.63 kg/jam =
Q = m Cp t = 416.09 kJ/ jam =

2 t true
t 1 = 131.4 F
o

t 2 = 21.6 F
o

LMTD = 60.812 F
o

3 Tc dan tc
Tc = 86 oF Pemilihan aliran 2 x 1 1/4" IPS table 6.2 (Kern hal.110)
tc = 162.5 oF aa = 1.19 in
ap = 1.5 in
de = 0.915 in
de' = 0.4 in
tabel 11. 1 1/4 ID = 1.38
OD = 1.66

pipa, vapour anulus,


4 ap = 1.5 = 0.01042 ft2 4 aa = 1.19
144 144

5 Gp = W/at 5 Gs = W /as
= 132.28 lb/ ft2 jam = 25100.

6 tc = 162.5 oF 6 Tc = 86

= 1 btu/lbm.F = 1

Ret = IDt x Gt = 6.29 Res = De x Gs =


7 JH = 75 7 JH = 10.3125
pada suhu Tc 162.5 o
F pada suhu Tc
cp = 0.44 btu/ lb oF cp = 1
0.0128 btu/hr ft2 ( F/ft)
o
k= k= 0.356
1 1
Cp 3
Cp 3
= 4.36535289
k k
1
hio k Cp 3
ho k Cp
JH x x JH x x
p De k a De k
hio/p = 3.0368 hio/a =
tw = 107.839 F o
tw = 107.8393
w = 0.15 w = 1.45

0 ,1
4

p p
w w

p = 1.304209093 a = 0.94931093
hio = 3.960579434 ho = 7.21533447

Uc = hio.ho = 2.557 Btu/ jam ft2 oF


hio+ho panjang DPHE = A
*OD (ft)
1/Ud = 0.394582022 panjang DPHE = A
Ud = 2.5343 0.43436649
A = Q = 2.559 ft 2

Ud x Dt

DIMENSI KONDENSOR
Kondensor di laboratorium
Basis dalam 1 jam Keliling = 2r
m= 94.09 kg = D
V= 94.09 liter 0.0941 m3 27 = 3.14 x
Vt = 0.11291 m 3
3.9873 ft 3
D = 8.59872611 cm
H = 38 cm

Volume tutup = 0.000049 Di3


Volume shell = 0,25 x x di^2 x H
= 0,25 x x Di^2 x 4,5 Di
= 3.5325 Di3

Volume tangki = 2 volume tutup + Volume shell


4.000 = 0.000049 Di3 + 3.533
= 3.533 Di 3

Di = 1.042 ft = 0.32 m
Tinggi shell (H) = 4.5 di
H = 4.690 ft = 1.43 m

KESIMPULAN
Dimensi Kondensor Diameter = 0.32 meter
Tinggi = 1.43 meter

panjang DPHE = 5.891211 ft


1.795641 meter

A = 2.559 ft2

ID = 1.38 in
OD = 1.66 in
KESIMPULAN
Dimensi Kondensor

x Btu/lbmol R atau F
d

-3.59E-009
1.3422E-006

378.15 K

23.12
23.12

9.7179732
313.15 K
H
(kkal/mol) (kkal)
9.7179732 40.92
40.92
han keluar
40.92

Q air pendingin

K
K

T
x 7

t 2

104 F
40 C

207.43 lb/jam
1.38 lb/jam
394.38 btu/jam
D= 5.2124 in 0.43437 ft

in 1.52 rata2
in 2.3864 r

anulus, water
= 0.0083 ft2

25100.87 lb/ ft2 jam

o
F

btu/lbm.F

9490.6

187 105
86 o
F 155 75
btu/ lb oF 140 83
btu/hr ft2 (oF/ft)
10.3125
= 1.894328 30

1
Cp 3
x
k
7.6006019391
o
F


0 ,1
4


w

= 5.891211 ft
= 1.795641 meter

D
D:H = 0.22628227
maka, H = 4,5 D

Di3
Diameter = 0.32 meter
Tinggi = 1.43 meter

panjang DPHE = 5.891210765 ft


1.795641041 meter

A = 2.559 ft2

ID = 1.38 in
OD = 1.66 in
DESAIN KONDENSOR
DOUBLE PIPE HEAT EXCHANGER (DPHE)

PERHITUNGAN NERACA PANAS (untuk menghitung kebutuhan air pendingin)

Air pendingin
25

dari
Alat suling
95 C

Air pendingin
35 C

Data Konstanta Kapasitas Panas Bahan


Cp = a + bT
konversi satuan kkal/kgmol K atau C =
Komponen a

H2O (g) 33.5


H2O (l) 18.2964

Entalpi masuk heat exchanger


Suhu bahan masuk = 95
Massa Mol
Komponen
( kg/jam) (kgmol)
Vapor 0.83 0.05
Total

Entalpi keluar heat exchager


Suhu bahan keluar = 40
Komponen Massa Mol
( kg/jam) (kgmol)
Kondensat 0.83 0.05
Total

Perhitungan kebutuhan air pemanas


Entalpi heat exchanger = Entalpi masuk
= 26.97
Entalpi heat exchanger - Q air pendingin
- Q air pendingin
Entalpi masuk =
26.97 =
Q air pendingin (Qh) =
Suhu pendingin masuk =
Suhu pendingin keluar =
Cp pendingin pada 25 C =

Q air pendingin (Qh) =


=
81.53 =
m =
Jadi, kebutuhan air pendingin

DESAIN DPHE

vapour
95 C
203 F

t 1 35
T2 95
air pendingin

1 Neraca massa dan panas


Massa air pendingin (M) =
Massa vapour (m) =
Q = m Cp t =

2 t true
t 1 = 108 o
F
t 2 = 27 o
F
LMTD = 58.429 o
F

3 Tc dan tc
Tc = 86 oF Pemilihan aliran 2 x 1 1/4" IPS ta
tc = 153.5 oF
tabel 11. 1 1/4

pipa, vapour
4 ap = 1.5 = 0.01042
144

5 Gp = W/at
= 133.33 lb/ ft2 jam

6 tc = 153.5 oF

= 0.7 btu/lbm.F

Ret = IDt x Gt = 9.05


7 JH = 2.5
pada suhu Tc 153.5 o
F
cp = 0.44 btu/ lb oF
0.0128 btu/hr ft2 ( F/ft)
o
k=
1
Cp 3
= 3.8760143
k
1
hio k Cp 3
JH x x
p De k

hio/p = 0.0898785925
tw = 86.628 F o

w = 0.15

0 ,1
4

p
w

p = 1.240683337
hio = 0.111510872

Uc = hio.ho = 0.110 Btu/ jam ft2 oF


hio+ho

1/Ud = 9.07106428
Ud = 0.1102
A = Q = 61.717 ft2
Ud x Dt

DIMENSI KONDENSOR

Basis dalam 1 jam


m= 0.0000347378 kg
V= 0.0000347378 liter 0.0000000347 m3
Vt = 0.0000000417 m3 0.0000014721 ft3

Volume tutup = 0.000049


Volume shell = 0,25 x x di^2 x H
= 0,25 x x Di^2 x 4,5 Di
= 3.5325

Volume tangki = 2 volume tutup


4.000 = 0.000049
= 3.533
Di = 1.042
Tinggi shell (H) = 4.5 di
H = 4.690

KESIMPULAN
Dimensi Kondensor Diameter
Tinggi

panjang DPHE

ID =
OD =
C

Penampung kondensat
40 C

+ cT^2 + dT^3
0.239 x Btu/lbmol R atau F
b c d

0.0069 0.0000076 -3.59E-009


0.47212 -0.0013388 1.3422E-006

95 C = 368.15 K
Cp T H
(kkal/kgmol) (kkal)
0.05 582.50 26.97
26.97

Panas laten 9.7179732


40 C = 313.15 K
Mol Cp T H
(kkal/kgmol) (kkal/mol) (kkal)
0.05 1168.88 9.7179732 54.56
54.56

masuk
26.97 kal
ndingin = panas bahan keluar
ndingin = 54.56
Entalpi keluar
54.56 - Q air pendingin
81.53 kkal
25 C = 298.15 K
35 C = 308.15 K
9779.5081814448 kkal/kg K

m x Cp x T
m x 9779.5081814448 x 10
m x 97795.0818144481
0.0008337067 kg
= 0.0008337067 kg

air pendingin
T1 25 C t 2
77 F

kondensat 104 F
40 C

C
F

0.0000347378 kg/jam = 0.0000765829 lb/jam


0.63 kg/jam = 1.39 lb/jam
419.42 kJ/ jam = 397.54 btu/jam

an aliran 2 x 1 1/4" IPS table 6.2 (Kern hal.110)


aa = 1.19 in
ap = 1.5 in
de = 0.915 in D= 5.2124
de' = 0.4 in
1 1/4 ID = 1.38 in 1.52
OD = 1.66 in 2.3864

anulus, water
ft2 4 aa = 1.19 = 0.0083
144

5 Gs = W /as
= 0.01 lb/ ft2 jam

6 Tc = 86 oF

= 2 btu/lbm.F

9.05 Res = De x Gs = 0.00175


7 JH = 10.3125
pada suhu Tc 86 o
F
cp = 1 btu/ lb oF
k= 0.356 btu/hr ft2 (oF/ft)
1
Cp 3
= 2.386703
k
1
ho k Cp 3
JH x x
a De k
hio/a = 9.576158375
tw = 86.6276414 F o

w = 1.45


0 ,1
4

p
w
a = 1.04605057
ho = 10.0171459

ft2 oF
panjang DPHE = A
*OD (ft)
panjang DPHE = A = 142.0851
0.43436649 = 43.30755

Kondensor di laboratorium
Keliling = 2r
= D
27 = 3.14 x D
D = 8.5987261146 cm D:H =
H = 38 cm maka, H = 4,5 D

0.000049 Di3

5 Di
Di3

+ Volume shell
Di3 + 3.533 Di3
Di3
ft = 0.32 m

ft = 1.43 m

= 0.32 meter
= 1.43 meter

g DPHE = 142.08513 ft
43.307548 meter

= 61.717 ft2

1.38 in
1.66 in
KESIMPULAN
Dimensi Kondensor Diameter =
Tinggi =

panjang DPHE =

A =

ID = 1.38 in
OD = 1.66 in

H
(kkal)
54.56
54.56
in 0.43437 ft

rata2
r

ft2

0.00175

187 105
155 75
140 83

10.3125
30

ft
meter

0.22628227
0.32 meter
1.43 meter

142.0851304 ft
43.30754776 meter

61.717 ft2