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|AMAL KEBAJIKAN S1/C1/03|kjj

More practice on moles.

1. I have 400.00 grams of water in a beaker.

a) What is the molar mass of water?


b) How many MOLES of water do I have in the beaker?
c) How many MOLES of hydrogen atoms do I have in the beaker?
d) How many MOLES of oxygen atoms do I have in the beaker?
e) If all of my hydrogen atoms (from Part C) were converted to hydrogen molecules (H 2), how many
MOLES of hydrogen molecules would I have?
f) If all of my oxygen atoms (from Part D) were converted to oxygen molecules (O 2), how many
MOLES of hydrogen molecules would I have?
g) How many MOLECULES of water do I have in the beaker?

2. The chemical formula of cholesterol is C27H46O.

a) What is the molar mass of cholesterol?


b) Calculate the % by mass of oxygen in cholesterol.
c) A three ounce serving of liver/beef contains 370 mg of cholesterol. How many molecules of
cholesterol is in this serving?

Answers: 1a) 18.02 g/mol; 1b) 22.2 mol H2O; 1c) 44.4 mol H; 1d) 22.2mol O; 1e) 22.2mol H2; 1f) 11.1 mol O2; g) 1.34x1025 molecules H2O;
2a) 386.67 g/mol; 2b) 4.138% C; 2c) 5.8x1020 molecules
3. A sample of sodium carbonate weights 15.0 grams. Calculate the following quantities:
(Make sure you have the correct formula for sodium carbonate!)

a) moles of sodium carbonate b) number of molecules sodium carbonate


c) moles of sodium ions d) number of sodium ions
e) moles of carbonate ions f) number of carbonate ions

4. Which compound contains the most nitrogen atoms in a 25.0 gram sample? Is it ammonium chloride,
ammonia, nitrogen dioxide, or dinitrogen trioxide?

5. A raindrop is approximately 0.050 mL. What is the number of water molecules in this raindrop (if the density of
rain is approximately 0.997 g/mL)?

6. A beaker contains 100.5 grams of water. What mass of methanol (CH 3OH) must be added to the beaker for
the resulting mixture to contain 2.00 mol of methanol per mol of water?

7. Monosodium glutamate (MSG, NaC5H8NO4) is a flavor enhancer. How many moles of each element in MSG
are present in 1.00 gram of MSG?

Answers: 3a) 0.142 mol Na2CO3; 3b) 8.52x1022 formula units; 3c) 0.284 mol Na+; 3d) 1.71x1023 Na+ ions; 3e) 0.142 mol CO 32-; 3f)8.55x1022 CO3 2- ions;
4) ammonia; 5) 1.67x1021 molecules; 6) 357.3-g CH3OH; 7) 5.91x10-3 mol Na, 0.0296 mol C, 0.0473 mol H, 5.91x10-3 mol N, 0.0237 mol O.