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Assessment Information

Language Arts and Social Studies Unit Assessment Plan

Lesson Type Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5
Lesson Type Lesson Type Lesson Type Lesson Type Lesson Type


Type of

Purpose of

How will you do

Feedback and

How will you let

students know
about their

How will this

guide your next
steps in

Who else will

have access to
the assessment

There has been a lot of emphasis on effective assessment recently. Successful assessment
strategies allow you to fairly and accurately evaluate the real learning of all your students. See
whether your assessment strategies follow best practices in the field.

identify performance objectives, instruct according to these objectives, and
then assess these performance objectives.

objectives are not attained, you plan intervention activities to re-teach

actively involve students by teaching self-assessment practices.

do not allow your attitudes towards assessment and standardized testing
affect your students.

involve parents in the assessment process. For example, share student
portfolios with parents by displaying them at conference time or sending them

try to eliminate the mystery of assessment criteria. Students should know
the scoring rubrics ahead of time.

provide models of excellence.
Helpful Resources:

Topics: Assessment
Resources Network: Assessment and Intervention

Alaska Department of Education & Early Development

The Quality Paradigm Shift in Education

From Teaching and Testing to Continuous Learning and Improvement

by John Jay Bonstingl

Third Edition John Jay Bonstingl 1995. Original edition published in Schools of Quality:

An Introduction to Total Quality Management in Education (ASCD 1992)


Success is artificially limited to a few "winners." All others are Unlimited, continuous improvement and successes are the
made to consider themselves and their work as mediocre or aims of the school and community.

Competition-based. Cooperation-based.

Lessons are linear, consecutive segments of one-way Learning is like a spiral with offshoots, with energy directed
communication. toward continuous improvement.

Product-oriented. Focused solely upon results, without Process-oriented. Goals are important, but the process of
acknowledgment of their short-term nature. Grades and getting to the goal is at least as significant. Assessments
rankings are important in themselves. are used for diagnostic and prescriptive purposes.

Life, including schooling, is only worthwhile if you reach your Life is a journey, and has intrinsic merit if lived with a zest
goals. The process has little or no intrinsic merit, and must be for life, love and learning. Developing a "yearning for
abbreviated whenever possible so the goals can be reached learning" is most important of all.

The system and its processes don't matter, as long as the The integrity and health of the system, its processes, and
ends are achieved. its people must be maintained, or the system will be
suboptimized and will eventually fail.

Work is a task, not intended to bring joy and pride to the Work should be challenging, invigorating, and meaningful.
worker. Workers should take pride and joy in the products and
processes of their work.

School is a place where teaching is done to (at) students. School is a true community of learner in which
Students are passives, while teachers are active. administrators, teachers, and students learn how to get
better and better at the work they do together, so that
everyone succeeds optimally.

Teachers are isolated from each other by time and space. Teachers work together on school time to build success
with each other and with a manageable number of students
in a cohort group.

Administration is viewed as the teacher' natural adversary Administrators are viewed as teammates and partners in
(perhaps the enemy.) removing the obstacles to student and teacher success.

Teachers are viewed as the students' natural adversaries Teachers are viewed as teammates and partners in
(perhaps as enemies). removing obstacles to student's progress.

Single-discipline instruction. Multi- and cross-discipline instruction.

School learning is restricted to the curriculum, often in its School learning is the foundation for life-wide, life-deep, and
narrowest interpretation. lifelong learning. 3-Dimensional Learning.

(continued) IMPROVEMENT

Tayloresque factory model: Rule by compliance, control, New model: Lead by helping and by providing vision and
command. Authoritarian, hierarchical. Management based support, making it possible for teachers and students to
upon fear. take pride in their work together and to have joy in the
processes and products of continuous improvement. (In
Japan this is called kaizen.)

Centralized control over resources, curriculums, teaching Site-based management of resources, curriculums,
methods, length of class periods, etc. teaching methods, length of class periods, etc.

External validation of truth and the "one right answer" for External and internal truths are discovered through
every question asked by teacher, text, test. teachers' and students' questioning together.

Testing as the primary means of assessing results of the Testing, when appropriate, to help modify (improve) the
learning process. teaching-learning process. Other modes include process
portfolios, exhibitions, performances, etc.

Instruction is set up to generate (right) answers. Instruction is set up to generate better and better questions,
followed by student inquiry into some of the areas of those
questions. Student performances demonstrate improve
understanding of the nature of the questions and some of
the ways they might be solved.

Teachers are expected to know everything about their Teachers are experts in their field. But more importantly,
subjects. They give students data and information; students they are the most enthusiastic and dedicated learners in the
memorize it, then forget most of it. classroom. Students learn from teachers, other students,
the community and other sources, and incorporate these
learnings into their lives, applying their insights as
appropriate to real-life challenges.

Parents are outsiders, often made to feel unwelcome, even if Parents as partners, suppliers, and customers. They are an
unintentionally. integral part of the student's progress from the very
beginning through the end of the schooling process.

Business sometimes welcomed to "adopt" a school; kept at Businesses invited to become partner (secondary suppliers
arm's length. and customers) in the students' continuous progress, not
for direct commercial gain.

People of the community are not encouraged to take part in People of the community are brought into the school and
the life of the school, or in the education of the community's made welcome, encourage to contribute time and talents to
young people. They are not encouraged to take pride in the the betterment of their school and the community's children.
community's schools.

Ultimate goal: Students as products of the school. Ultimate goal: Students as their own products, continually
expanding their interests, improving their abilities, and
developing their character-getting better and better every
day, and helping other to do the same.

Copyright John Jay Bonstingl 1995. All rights reserved. Permission to duplicate or otherwise use this material solely
nonprofit educational use is hereby granted, provide this copyright notice is given. For further information, please contact
The Center for School of Quality, PO Box 810, Columbia, MD 21044 USA. Telephone (410) 997-7555. FAX (410) 997-


Linguistic Logical Kinesthetic Visual/Spatial

Culminating Essay Scoring sheets Exhibitions-public Pictorials-chart or graph of

reviews project Out-loud problem solving demonstration of knowledge student progress in study unit
accomplishment Puzzles gained: Mind maps
Journals Games Timelines
1. books
Logs Outlining Models
Portfolios of written work Strategizing 2. videotapes Photographic essays
Word processor products Translate into Videotapes
Newspaper Articles mathematical formula 3. experiments Collages
Discussions Timeline Art work
Debates Design and conduct an 4. art work Clusters, graphs
Storytelling experiment Create slide show,
Write poem, myth, legend, Make strategy game 5. models videotape, or photo album
short play Make a calendar Design a poster, bulletin
Relate a short play or Interpret data 6. skits board, or mural
novel to... Hypothesize about... Manipulatives Visualize
Give presentation on... Create story problem Products Use memory system
Lead a class discussion Write a computer Simulations Create a demonstration
on... program Role plays piece
Create a talk show radio Categorize facts and Creative movement Develop architectural
program information Rehearse and perform a drawings
Write a newsletter, Set up a lab project play Make a film or an
booklet, or dictionary Describe the symmetry Create a movement or advertisement
Invent slogans of... sequence of movements to Vary color, size, and
Create an audio tape Use inductive or explain... shape
Conduct an interview deductive reasoning Choreograph a dance Color-code a process
Write a letter Select and use Do a reader's theater Invent a board or card
Use technology to write a technology Invent a board floor or game
letter adventure game Illustrate, draw, paint,
Make task or puzzle sketch, sculpt, construct
cards Use overhead projector
Build or construct Use technology
Plan and attend a field
Use qualities of a
physically educated person
Devise a scavenger hunt
Make a model
Design a product
Select and use

Musical Interpersonal Intrapersonal

Original songs-write lyrics, compose Peer review- students decide Reflective journal track process and
music together on skills and criteria to learning: also:
Dances that illustrate a concept evaluate 1. daily or weekly goals
Song or musical collage Collaborative learning or service
Musical mnemonics projects 2. learning method
Rhythmical patterns Teaching others, peer or younger
Sing a rap or song that explains... student tutoring 3. results
Indicate the rhythmical patterns Leadership skills
Give presentation using musical Create and implement group rules Self assessment activities
accompaniment Conduct class meeting Describe feelings about learning,
Explain how the music of a song is Identify and assume a role setting, achieving goals
similar Organize or participate in a group Managing self-directed projects
Present a short class musical Use conflict management strategy Describe qualities you possess that
Make an instrument and Accommodate learning differences will help you be successful
demonstrate it Mentoring, apprenticeships, or Create personal analog
Use music to enhance skill building tutoring programs Explain your personal philosophy
Create musical game Culturegrams Use emotional processing
Collect and present songs Multiple perspectives Describe personal values
Write a new ending to a song Help resolve local or global problem Use self-directed learning
Use musical technology Multi-ethnic perspective Explain the purpose in studying
Use tele-communications Explain intuitive hunches
International issues Receive feedback
Use technology

Developed by Meri Holden, Kodiak High School, from Teaching and Learning Through Multiple Intelligences by Linda
Campbell,, 1992

Increase Decrease

In-depth study of topics in each social studies field, in which Cursory coverage of a lock-step curriculum that includes
students make choices about what to study, and discover the everything but allows no time for deeper understanding of
complexities of human interaction. topics.

Emphasis on activites that engage students in inquiry and Memorization of isolated facts in textbooks
problem solving about significant human issues.

Student decision-making and participation in wider social, Isolation from the actual exercise of responsible citizenship;
political, and economic affairs, so that they share a sense of emphasis only on reading about citizenhip or future
responsibility for the welfare of their school and community. participation in the larger social and political world.

Participation in interactive and co-operative classroom study Lecture classes in which students sit passively: Classes in
processes that bring together students of all ability levels. which students of lower ability levels are deprived of the
knowledge and learning opportunities that other students

Integration of social studies with other areas of the Narrowing social studies activity to include only textbook-
curriculum. reading and test-taking.

Richer content in elementary grades, building on the prior Assumption that studetns are ignorant or uninterested in
knowledge children bring to social studies topics: This issues raised in social studies.
includes study of concepts from pyschology, sociology,
economics, and political science, as well as history and Postponement of signifcant curriculum until secondary
geography. Students of all ages can understand, within their grades.
experience, American social institutions, issues for social
groups, and problems of everyday living.

Student's valuing, and sense of connection with, American Use of curriculum restricted to only one, dominant cultural
and global history, the history and culture of diverse social heritage.
groups, and the environment that surrounds it.

Student's inquiry about the cultural groups they belong to , Use of curriculum that leaves students disconnected from,
and others represented in their school and community, to and unexcited about social studies topics.
promote students' sense of ownership in the social studies

Use of evaluation that involves further learning and that Assessments only at the end of a unit or grading period;
promotes responsible citizenship and open expression of and assessments that test only factual knowledge or
ideas. memorization of textbook information.

From: Best Practice: New Standards for Teaching and Learning in America's Schools, by Steven Zemelman