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Industrial Relations & Labour Laws V3

Assignment A
1. What do you mean by Conciliation? Write various roles of conciliator?

2. Distinguish Arbitration and Mediation? What are the types of arbitrat


ion?
3. Define Labour Welfare?
4. Define Strike? Describe different types of strike?
5. Define trade union. Describe, few general features of trade union
6. Write down the importance of occupational safety and health.
7. Write some important problems of the Indian Trade Union.
8. Write down some important functions and objectives of industrial rela
tions.

Assignment B
Case Detail:
In one state, the chief Minister was invited to the annual conference of a union
where union elections were also scheduled. The Chief Minister inaugurated the c
onference and observed as follows: "I propose that you elect Mr.XYZ as your pres
ident and the president in turn elect his team. Before the members could underst
and the significance of what the Chief Minister has said there was a big round o
f applause from the audience-presumably orchastered by supporters of the Chief M
inister's nominee for president ship of the union. Before anyone could say anyth
ing quite, a few queued up and began to garland Mr.XYZ. Mr.XYZ then rose and ann
ounced the name of his nominees. The elections concluded. Those who were elected
were happy about the smooth and cordial manner in which the elections had been
held. Referring to two cases in the recent past in neighbouring factories, they
said, in one the rival unions spent a lot of money in elections. From where had
the money come? Would the ones who had spent so much money not want to recover
it in one form or another? Another elected person was talking about how manageme
nt manipulated the elections to have a "company" union. Some of the people who h
ad aspired to contest the elections were dismayed but could not do much because
of the atmosphere in which the whole thing had happened.

Question
1. Discuss the problem of trade unions democracy.
2. What suggestions do you have to make trade unions truly for the memebers, of
the members, and by the members?

3. What role, if any, should management have in the manner in which unions are a
dministered? Is there a justification for managements to intervene in the intern
al matters of unions on the grounds that the internal dynamics of unions affect
the functioning of the company wherein the unions operate?

Assignment C
1. Industrial relations cover the following area(s)

Collective bargaining
Labour legislation
Industrial relations training
All of the above

2. Which of the following is not an approach to industrial relations?


Unitary approach
Pluralistic approach
Marxist approach
Employee s approach

3. Under unitary approach, industrial relation is grounded in


Mutual co-operation
Individual treatment
Team work and shared goals
All of the above

4. Pluralistic approach perceives ______ as legitimate representative of employe


e interests
Trade unions
Management
Board of Directors
None of the above

5. In Marxist approach, concerns with wage related disputes are


Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
Not considered

6. For the Marxists, all strikes are


Political
Social
Legislative
None of the above

7. Which of the following is (are) not acceptable to Marxists?


Enterprise bargaining
Employee participation
Co-operative work culture
All of the above

8. Elton Mayo and his team believed in the positive nature of


Managers
Management
Employees
All of the above

9. Parties to industrial relations are


ILO, Government, Association of employers
ILO, Government, IMF
ILO, Board of Directors, Association of employers
Government, Board of Directors, Association of employers

10. Which of the following department has major interest in harmonious industria
l relations
HR
Production
Finance
Marketing

11. The following is (are) included in ILO s standards with regard to industrial r
elations
Right of association
Right to organize and collective bargaining
Tripartite consultants
All of the above

12. According to Indian Labour Commission (ILC) major recommendations, Union onc
e recognised should be valid for a period of _____ years to be co-terminus with
the period of settlement.

Two
Three
Four
Five

13. In case of retrenchment, worker is entitled to ____ months notice or notice


pay in lieu of notice.
One
Two
Three
Four

14. Strike should be called only if at least _____ percent of workers are in sup
port of strike.
10
15
20
25

15. A proactive industrial relations programme must cover the following decision
(s)
Communication
Competence
Discipline and conflict
All of the above

16. Section 2 (a) of the act defines the term


Adult
Adolescent
Child
Calendar year

17. According to the definition of "week" under the Act, it is a period of seven
days beginning at midnight on
Sunday
Monday
Saturday
Friday

18. If any article is stored in a cold storage, is it considered as a Manufactur


ing Process under the Act?
Yes
No
Both a & b
None of the above

19. As per the Act, a person who has not completed his 15th year of age is a/an

Adolescent
Teenager
Child
Adult
20. A Mobile unit that belongs to the armed forces of the Union is not a "factor
y" as per the definition of "factory" given under the Act.
Yes
No
Both a & b
None of the above

21. Section 2 (n) under the act defines:


Publisher
Manager
Owner
Occupier

22. "Welfare" is not part of the Factories Act, 1948


Yes
No
Both a & b
None of the above

23. As per the Act, the floor of every work room should be cleaned once every

Day
Month
Week
Hour

24. The District Magistrate cannot become an inspector as per the Act.
Yes
No
Both a & b
None of the above

25. The power of inspectors is discussed under which section of the Factories Ac
t, 1948?
Section 9
Section 10
Section 11
Section 12

26. Which of the following are Militant functions of trade union?


To achieve higher wages and better working conditions
To generate self confidence among workers
To provide opportunities for promotion and growth
To protect women workers against discrimination
27. Which of the following Act is related to Un organized Labor
The Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act
Maternity benefit Act
Workmen Compensation Act
None of the above.

28. Strikes are a result of more fundamental maladjustments, injustices and econ
omic disturbances:

Yes
No
Both a & b
None of the above

29. Which of the following functions of trade unions are related to trade unions
To present and strengthen trade union democracy
To improve financial position of trade unions
To curb inter union rivalry
All of the above

30. Workers committee is to be constituted in an industry which is employing- __


______or more employees
75
90
100
804

31. __________ is the term used for the workers or employees who are the members
of trade unions or employee association
Un-organized labor
Organized labor
Uneducated labor
None of these

32. Which of the following is not a part of primary strikes


Sympathetic strikes
Tools down- Pen down
Stay away strikes
Protest strikes

33. _________ are the rules and regulations which govern the conditions of emplo
yment of workers
Standing orders
Policies
Advice
None of these

34. Which area Industrial Relations does not cover


Economic development
Role of management, union and government
Collective bargaining
Machinery for resolution of industrial dispute

35. _________ refers to the kind of rivalry present within the establishment as
there is provision in law of being more than one union in a plant
Intraunion rivalry
Unionism
Socialism
None of these

36. _________ are the bodies on which the representation is entirely of the empl
oyees
Staff and work councils
Management committee
Mentors and councilors
None of the above

37. ________ is a sort of insurance covers to members to fight against irrationa


l, arbitrary and illegal actions of employees
Collective strength
Industrial strength
Social strength
None of these

38. It is one of the ______ function to protect labor against victimization and
injustice
Trade unions
Social groups
Government
None of these

39. The first organized trade union in India named as _______ was formed in the
Delhi labor union
Bombay labor union
Madras Labor Union
None of these
40. The main functions of __________is resolve the difference existing between t
he management and the workers
Collective bargaining
Co-operation
Agitations
None of the above

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