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Disproportionate collapse requirements with British Standard clause references

Building Building type and occupancy Building regulations British standard material references and summary outline guidance
class requirements BS 5268 Timber BS 5628 Masonry BS 5950 Steel BS 8110 Concrete
1 Houses not exceeding 4 storeys. Basic Requirements Structures should be constructed so that no collapse should be disproportionate to the cause and reduce the risk of localized damage
Agricultural buildings. spreading but that permanent deformation of members/connections is acceptable.
Buildings into which people rarely go or come C1.6.1.1: suitable geometry, C1.16.3: robustness, interaction of C1. and C1. effective C1. effective horizontal
close to. connections and bracing. components and containment of horizontal ties as Class 2A Option 2. ties AND designed resistance to
spread of damage. notional lateral load of 1.5% design
dead load.
2A 5 storey single occupancy house. Option 1: C1. Figure M.3 or details in As for Class 1 plus C1.33.4: details in Generally N/A but C1. C1.5.2.3: precast bearings not less
Hotels not exceeding 4 storeys. Effective anchorage of suspended BS 5628-1 Annex D. BS 5628-1 Annex D or BS 8103-1. bearing details of precast concrete than 90 mm or half load bearing
Flats, apartments and other residential buildings oors to walls units to conform to C1.5.2.3 of wall/leaf thickness.
not exceeding 4 storeys. BS 8110-1.
Ofces not exceeding 4 storeys.
Industrial buildings not exceeding 3 storeys. Option 2: C1. and Figure M.1. As for Class 1 plus C1.33.4 and C1. and C1. As Class 1 plus C1. and
Retailing premises not exceeding 3 storeys and Provision of horizontal ties Table 12. C1.
less than 2000 m2 at each storey.
2B Hotels, ats, apartments and other residential Option 1: As Class 2A Option 2 plus As Class 2A Option 2 plus C1.33.5 As Class 2A Option 2 plus As Class 2A Option 2 plus C1.
buildings greater than 4 storeys but not exceeding Provision of horizontal and C1. and Table 13. C1. and C1.
15 storeys. vertical ties
Educational buildings greater than 1 storey but less Option 2: C1. As for Class 1 plus Table 11: C1. if Class 2B Option 1 C1.2.6.3 of BS 8110-2.
than 15 storeys. Check notional removal of load without collapse rather than cannot be satised.
Retailing premises greater than 3 storeys but less bearing elements limited areas.
than 15 storeys.
Hospitals not exceeding 3 storeys. Check notional removal of load bearing elements such that for removal of any element the building remains stable and that the area of oor at any storey
Ofces greater than 4 storeys but less than at risk of collapse is less than the lesser of 70 m2 or 15% of the oor area of that storey. The nominal length of load bearing wall should be the distance
15 storeys. between vertical lateral restraints (not exceeding 2.25H for reinforced concrete walls or internal walls of masonry, timber or steel stud). If catenary action is
All buildings to which members of the public are assumed allowance should be made for the necessary horizontal reactions.
admitted which contain oor areas exceeding Option 3: C1. As for Class 1 plus C1.33.2. C1. if Class 2B Options 1 and C1.2.6.2 of BS 8110-2.
2000 m2 but are less than 5000 m2 at each storey. Key element design 2 cannot be satised.
Car parking not exceeding 6 storeys.
Design of key elements to be capable of withstanding 34 kN/m2 applied one direction at a time to the member and attached components subject to the
limitations of their strength and connections, such accidental loading should be considered to act simultaneously with full dead loading and 1/3 of all
normal wind/imposed loadings unless permanent storage loads etc. Where relevant, partial load factors of 1.05 or 0.9 should be applied for overturning and
restoring loads respectively. Elements providing stability to key elements should be designed as key elements themselves.
3 All buildings dened above as Class 2A and 2B that Systematic risk assessment of the Lack of clear guidance. Lack of clear guidance. C1. Class 2B required as Class 2B required as a minimum.
exceed the limits of area or number of storeys. building should be undertaken a minimum.
Grandstands accommodating more than 5000 taking into account all the normal
spectators. hazards that may be reasonably
Buildings containing hazardous substances and/or forseen, together with any abnormal
processes. hazards.

1. Refer to the detailed British Standard clauses for full details of design and detailing requirements.
2. Where provided, horizontal and vertical ties should be safeguarded against damage and corrosion.
3. Key elements may be present in any class of structure and should be designed accordingly.
4. The construction details required by Class 2B can make buildings with load bearing walls difcult to justify economically.
5. In Class 2B and 3 buildings, precast concrete elements not acting as ties should be effectively anchored (C1., such anchorage being capable of carrying the dead weight of the member.

Source: Adapted from Table 11, Part A3 Approved Document A, HMSO.