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Concept

Geotechnical Sustainable
Engineering GEOSUSTAINABILITY
Development
GEOSUSTAINABILITY

Robust design and construction that involves minimal financial burden


a
and inconveniences to the society.

Minimal use of resource and energy in planning, design, construction


b
and maintenance of geotechnical facilities.

Use of materials and methods that cause minimal negative impact on


c
ecology and environment.

Maximum reuse of existing geotechnical facilities/components to


d
minimize waste.
Objectives of Geosustainability

Maintaining Climate Change


Water Cycle & Adaptation &
Enhancing Resilience
Watershed

Materials Economic
Objectives of
& Viability &
GEOSUSTAINABILITY
Waste Reduction Whole Life Cost

Energy efficient Positive


& Contribution to
Carbon Reduction Society
SDGs & Indicators
INDICATORS

logos adopted from from: http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/


Indicators

6 Losses from natural disasters, by climate and non-climate-related events (in USD and lives lost)
Disaster
& Percentage of cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants that are implementing risk reduction
11.3
and resilience strategies informed by accepted international frameworks
Mitigation
25 Road traffic deaths per 100,000 populations

11.2 Existence and implementation of national urban and human settlements policy framework.
Policy 11.4 Presence of urban building codes stipulating either the use of local materials and/or new
& energy efficient technologies or with incentives for the same.
Access 58 Access to all-weather road (% access within [x] km distance to road)

Total Official Support for Development


17.1

17.1 Percent of official development assistance (ODA), net private grants, and official climate

Support 0 finance channeled through priority pooled multilateral financing mechanisms,


80 Official climate financing from developed countries that is incremental to ODA (in USD).
95 Domestic revenues allocated to sustainable development as percent of GNI, by sector.

17.4 Gross domestic expenditure of R&D as share of GDP


Research
63 Personnel in R&D (per million inhabitants)

62 Total energy and industry-related GHG emissions by gas and sector, expressed as production
and demand based emissions (tCO2e).
Climate
69 Mean urban air pollution of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5).
&
Pollution 77 Availability and implementation of a transparent and detailed deep decarbonization
strategy, consistent with the 2C or below global carbon budget, and with GHG emission
targets for 2020, 2030 and 2050.
Disaster & Mitigation: 6 11.3 25

Measurement: lives and property losses (economic cost), presence of


DRRM
Relevance: some hazards are geotechnical in nature

* earthquakes * landslides * problematic soils *


liquefaction * stability problems *

photo from: http://cvecina.blogspot.jp/p/photojournalism_08.html


Policy & Access: 11.2 11.4 58

Motivation: In the 1990s, the lessons learned from the earthquake around
the world having a peak ground accelerations ranging from 0.5 to 0.8g
motivated the emergence of performance-based design (PBD)

Measurement: presence of framework for human settlement, new


building codes, access roads

Relevance: geostructures is an important part of design and construction

photo from: http://www.panahon.tv/blog/2015/10/how-far-have-we-come-after-the-bohol-earthquake/


Support: 17.1 17.10 80 95

Measurement: expenditures from ODA & other assistance fund including


domestic revenues in USD

Relevance: determines the expenditure of the government on


geostructures and its related practices such as but not limited to
education.

photo from: http://www.akp.gov.kh/?p=37927


Research: 17.4 63

Measurement: number of personnel in R&D, expenditures of the national


government of R&D (in USD)

Relevance: discovery on new materials, reuse, new geotechnical


techniques, complement inadequacy of knowledge of geotechnical
processes on ecological balance of surrounding areas.

photo from: http://www.geomaxsoil.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/before-fly-ash.jpg


Climate & Pollution: 62 69 77

Measurement: tCO2e (production and demand based), amount of PM10


and PM2.5, presence of decarbonization strategy.

Relevance: Geotechnical engineering consumes vast amount of natural


resources and energy in its practice and processes (a demand based
CO2 and GHG emissions).

photo from: Heerten, G, 2012, Reduction of Climate-Damaging Gases in Geotechnical Engineering by use of Geosynthetics.
Concluding Remarks

Geotechnical engineering participates in


human undertakings, which affects the
environment, economy, and society. It has a global
reach being part of the engineered systems, and
making its processes and practices sustainable has
a worldwide impact. Therefore, geosustainability
plays an important role in reaching the Sustainable
Development Goals.
References:
Basu, D., Puppala, A.J., & Chittoori B., 2013, General Report of TC 307 Sustainability in Geotechnical Engineering, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil
Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris, pp. 3155-62. Available from:
http://www.cfms-sols.org/sites/default/files/Actes/3155-3162.pdf [20 November 2016]

Bolton, M. 2012, Performance Based Design in Geotechnical Engineering, A Reprise of the 52nd Rankine Lecture. Available from:
file:///Users/joelopon/Downloads/D--internet-myiemorgmy-iemms-assets-doc-alldoc-document-2576_GETD-101212-L%20(1).pdf [25 November 2016]

Cho, G.C. 2016, Geotechnical Engineering for Sustainable Development, The 2016 World Congress on Advances on Advances in Civil, Environmental, and Materials Research.
Available from:
http://acem16.com/Keynote/k0201A.pdf [20 November 2016]

Das, B.M. & Sobhan, K. 2014, Principles of Geotechnical Engineering 8th Edition, Stamford Place, USA.

Fragaszy, R.J. 2011, Sustainable development and energy geotechnology Potential roles for geotechnical engineering, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 611-
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https://www.academia.edu/5787032/Sustainable_Development_and_Energy_Geotechnology_-_Potential_Roles_for_Geotechnical_Engineering [20 November
2016]

Hajra, M.G., 2012, Louisiana Civil Engineering Conference and Show 2012: Sustainability in Geotechnical Engineering: Current and future trends in Research, Education & Professional
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https://www.scribd.com/document/211682508/Sustainability-in-Geotechnical-Engineering-26795531 [20 November 2016]

Heerten, G, 2012, Reduction of Climate-Damaging Gases in Geotechnical Engineering by use of Geosynthetics. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol 30, pp. 43-49. Available from:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0266114411000070 [25 November 2016]

Iai, S. & Tobita, T 2010, Performance-Based Design of Geotechnical Structures: Recent Advances, Fifth International Conference on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake
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http://scholarsmine.mst.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2934&context=icrageesd [25 November 2016]

Indicators and a Monitoring Framework for the Sustainable Development Goals: Launching a data revolution of the SDGs, Leadership Council of the Sustainable Development
Solutions Network report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, June 12. 2015. Available from:
https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&type=400&nr=2013&menu=35 [21 November 2016]

Japan International Cooperation Agency, 2011, Two Japans ODA Projects Will be Signed between the Ministry of Economy and Finance and JICA Cambodia on August 23, 2011.
Available from:
https://www.jica.go.jp/cambodia/english/office/topics/110823.html [25 November 2016]

Jian, C. et al. 2005, Geotechnical Engineering for Disaster Mitigation and Rehabilitation. Available from:
http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/5925 [25 November 2016]

Lew, M. & Kim, C.C. 2000, Geotechnical Considerations in Performance Based Earthquake-Resistant Design, 12th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Available from:
http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/wcee/article/1085.pdf [25 November 2016]

Samangany, A.Y. et al. 2013, A survey study on application of sustainability in the evaluation of geotechnical engineering, International Research Journal of Applied and Basic
Sciences, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 776-783. Available from:
http://www.irjabs.com/files_site/paperlist/r_745_130422103302.pdf [20 November 2016]

United Nations, Sustainable Development Goals Homepage, 20 November 2016. Available from:
http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/ [20 November 2016]