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# STAT 200 QUIZ 1

Name___________________________________

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

## Determine whether the given value is a statistic or a parameter.

1) A sample of 120 employees of a company is selected, and the average age is found to be 37 years. 1)
A) Parameter B) Statistic

Determine whether the given value is from a discrete or continuous data set.
2) The height of 2-year-old maple tree is 28.3 ft. 2)
A) Continuous B) Discrete

Determine which of the four levels of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, ratio) is most appropriate.
3) Ages of survey respondents. 3)
A) Nominal B) Ordinal C) Interval D) Ratio

Identify which of these types of sampling is used: random, stratified, systematic, cluster, convenience.
4) 49, 34, and 48 students are selected from the Sophomore, Junior, and Senior classes with 496, 348, 4)
and 481 students respectively.
A) Systematic
B) Stratified
C) Convenience
D) Cluster
E) Random

Construct the cumulative frequency distribution that corresponds to the given frequency distribution.
5) 5)
Number
Speed of cars
0-29 4
30-59 16
60-89 60
90-119 20

A) B)
Cumulative Cumulative
Speed Frequency Speed Frequency
Less than 30 100 Less than 30 4
Less than 60 80 Less than 60 20
Less than 90 82 Less than 90 80
Less than120 4 Less than120 100
C) D)
Cumulative Cumulative
Speed Frequency Speed Frequency
Less than 30 0.04 0-29 4
Less than 60 0.20 30-59 20
Less than 90 0.80 60-89 80
Less than120 1.00 90-119 100

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Find the mode(s) for the given sample data.
6) The weights (in ounces) of 14 different apples are shown below. 6)
5.0 6.5 6.0 6.2 6.6 5.0 6.5
4.5 5.8 6.2 5.0 4.5 6.2 6.3
A) 5.60 oz B) 5.0 oz C) no mode D) 5.0 oz, 6.2 oz

## Provide an appropriate response.

7) The frequency distribution for the weekly incomes of students with part-time jobs is given below. 7)
Construct the corresponding relative frequency distribution. Round relative frequencies to the
nearest hundredth of a percent if necessary.

## Income (\$) Frequency

200-300 55
301-400 70
401-500 73
501-600 68
More than 600 10
A) B)
Relative Relative
Income (\$) Frequency Income (\$) Frequency
201-300 15.5% 200-300 12.5%
301-400 22.1% 301-400 20.1%
401-500 31.3% 401-500 37.3%
501-600 16.2% 501-600 15.2%
More than600 14.9% More than 600 14.9%
C) D)
Relative Relative
Income (\$) Frequency Income (\$) Frequency
200-300 19.93% 200-300 25.98%
301-400 25.36% 301-400 24.91%
401-500 26.45% 401-500 3.65%
501-600 24.64% 501-600 19.64%
More than 600 3.62% More than 600 26.07%

## Find the indicated measure.

8) Use the given sample data to find Q3 . 8)
49 52 52 52 74 67 55 55
A) 67.0 B) 6.0 C) 55.0 D) 61.0

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Provide an appropriate response.
9) A nurse measured the blood pressure of each person who visited her clinic. Following is a 9)
relative-frequency histogram for the systolic blood pressure readings for those people aged
between 25 and 40. The blood pressure readings were given to the nearest whole number.
Approximately what percentage of the people aged 25-40 had a systolic blood pressure reading
between 110 and 119 inclusive?

## A) 3.5% B) 0.35% C) 35% D) 30%

10) A nurse measured the blood pressure of each person who visited her clinic. Following is a 10)
relative-frequency histogram for the systolic blood pressure readings for those people aged
between 25 and 40. The blood pressure readings were given to the nearest whole number.
Approximately what percentage of the people aged 25-40 had a systolic blood pressure reading
between 110 and 139 inclusive?

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SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

Identify the sample and population. Also, determine whether the sample is likely to be representative of the
population.
11) 100,000 randomly selected adults were asked whether they drink at least 48 oz of water 11)
each day and only 45% said yes.

Find the mean and median for each of the two samples, then compare the two sets of results.
12) A comparison is made between summer electric bills of those who have central air and 12)
those who have window units.
May June July Aug Sept
Central \$32 \$64 \$80 \$90 \$65
Window \$15 \$84 \$99 \$120 \$40

## Provide an appropriate response.

13) A medical research team studied the ages of 34 patients who had strokes caused by stress. 13)
The frequency distribution below summarizes the results. When trying to understand the
stroke data, what would be the advantage of looking at a histogram instead of this
frequency distribution?
Age Frequency
25-29 3
30-34 3
35-39 6
40-44 4
45-49 5
50-54 3
55-59 5
60-64 5

## Solve the problem.

14) Using a strict interpretation of the relevant criteria characterizing a normal 14)
distribution,does the frequency distribution below appear to have a normal distribution?
Does the distribution appear to be normal if the criteria are interpreted very loosely?

Closing Share
Price Frequency
0-5 2
6-10 5
11-15 15
16-20 27

## Provide an appropriate response.

15) Heights of adult women are known to have a bell-shaped distribution. Draw a boxplot to 15)
illustrate the results.

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Use the given data to construct a frequency distribution.
16) Kevin asked some of his friends how many hours they had worked during the previous 16)
week at their after-school jobs. The results are shown below.
5 6 5 4 5 5 9 8 5 3 7 6
6 7 5 6 7 5 6 8 6 7 8 4
Construct a frequency distribution. Use 4 classes, a class width of 2 hours, and a lower
limit of 3 for
class 1.
Hours Frequency

## Provide an appropriate response.

17) The histogram below shows the distribution of the assets (in millions of dollars) of 71 17)
companies. Does the distribution appear to be normal?

18) Describe any similarities or differences in the two distributions represented by the 18)
following boxplots. Assume the two boxplots have the same scale.

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19) The graph below shows the average cost of renting a studio in one city in each of the years 19)
2002 through 2006. By what percentage does the average price increase from 2002 to 2003?
Obtain a second version of the graph by sliding a piece of paper over the bottom of the
graph so that the bars start at 300. In this new graph, by what percentage does the price
appear to increase from 2002 to 2003? Is the second graph misleading?

20) In a clinical trial for a new headache medication, participants are randomly assigned to a 20)
treatment group or a placebo group. They do not know whether they are receiving the
medication or a placebo. However the doctors administering the medication and
evaluating the results do know which participants are receiving the medication. This
experiment is blind but not double blind. Explain what this means and why the absence of
double blinding could cause a problem.