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Notebook #5 Revisions 19

Notebook #5

Direct Method Flat Panel Detector: Amorphous selenium/Thin film transistor


$FD arrays
1) Incoming X-ray photons
2) High voltage
3) Carbon fiber case
4) Electrode fhigh voltage)
5) Dielectric
6) Amorphous selenium
7) Charge collection electrodes
8) Thin film transistor (TFIJ
9) Glass backing
10) Signal out
11) Storage capacitor
12) Analog-digital convertor
13) High voltage power
14) Amplifiers
Notebook #5 Revisions 20

Indirect Method Flat Panel Detector: Cesium iodide/amorphous silicon thin film
transistor (TFT) arrays

1) Csl scintillation
2) Silicon photodiode
3) Thin film transistor (TFI) Matrix
4) Amplifiers
5) Analog-digital convertor

How is a digrd image created on a direct capture IR and an indirect capture


IR from exposure to plate discharge?

Light intensity moves to a photodetector device, which then converts it to a signal


through an ADC fanalog to digital converter). The electrons of light intensity are
given a numeric binary value depending on their shade of gray, or black, or clear. If
it is empty or clear area then that means 100%o of light was transmitted. If it is black
or opaque, then there was 0%o light transmission.

Direct These devices convert incident x-ray energy directly into an electrical signal,
using a photoconductor as the x-ray absorber and a thin-film transistor (TFT) as the
area collecting the electrical signals, which then sends the electrical signal to the
computer for processing and viewing. A scintillator made of amorphous
selenium absorbs the x-rays, converts them to electrons, and stores them in
the thin-film transistor detectors (TFT), which is an array of small pixels.

Indirect: These devices absorb x-ray photons and convert them into light using a
scintillator. The light strikes the amorphous silicon, which conducts electrons, and
is then converted by a charge-coupled device (CCD) or a thin-film transistor (TFI)
array, and then it is converted into an electrical signal that is sent to the computer,
and is sent to ADC to create a binary number for processing to be viewed as a digital
image.
Notebook #5 Revisions 27

CCD = Charge Coupled Device - photodetector device that is converts light to an


electrica! signal

CMOS = Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) - Memory chip


that retains information

Pixel= The smaller the pixel size, the more spatial resolution and less noise

Dynamic range = Expressed in bit depth. Number of shades of gray that can be
assigned to any one pixelwithin the matrix

Blt byte= I bits to one byte


Blt depth= Range of gray levels to produce an image- the number of bits within a
pixel

Matrix = The number of pixels within the FOV made of columns and rows

Exposure latitude= Range of exposures that can be used as a result in the


capture of a diagnostic quality image. The biggest difference between digital and
film-screen radiography is the ability to manipulate the digitized pixel values,
which allows for greater exposure latitude