Anda di halaman 1dari 5

Course Number:

INDU-6331

Course Title:
Advanced Quality Control

Winter 2017

Assignment # 7
Q1: Ans:

Measurements Chart Statistics


Part
type Nominal M1 M2 M3 X1 X2 X3 X-Bar R-bar
1 A 100 105 102 103 5 2 3 3.33 3
2 A 100 101 98 100 1 -2 0 -0.33 3
3 A 100 103 100 99 3 0 -1 0.67 4
4 A 100 101 104 97 1 4 -3 0.67 7
5 A 100 106 102 100 6 2 0 2.67 6
6 B 60 57 60 59 -3 0 -1 -1.33 3
7 B 60 61 64 63 1 4 3 2.67 3
8 B 60 60 58 62 0 -2 2 0.00 4
9 C 75 73 75 77 -2 0 2 0.00 4
10 C 75 78 75 76 3 0 1 1.33 3
11 C 75 77 75 74 2 0 -1 0.33 3
12 C 75 75 72 79 0 -3 4 0.33 7
13 C 75 74 75 77 -1 0 2 0.33 3
14 C 75 73 76 75 -2 1 0 -0.33 3
15 D 50 50 51 49 0 1 -1 0.00 2
16 D 50 46 50 50 -4 0 0 -1.33 4
17 D 50 51 46 50 1 -4 0 -1.00 5
18 D 50 49 50 53 -1 0 3 0.67 4
19 D 50 50 52 51 0 2 1 1.00 2
20 D 50 53 51 50 3 1 0 1.33 3
0.55 3.8


We need to find the standard Deviation of each part:


For part A: = , = . = .
For part B: = , = . = .
For part C: = , = . = .
For part D: = , = . = .

Then the DNOM chart can be used because the Standard deviations are approximately the same:
= 3.8, n=3 then d2 = 1.693, A2=1.023, D4=2.574 and D3=0
From the table above : R


R 3.8
=
= = .
d2 1.693

= 0.55 + (1.023 3.8) = 4.44


UCLX = x + A2 R
= 0.55 (1.023 3.8) = 3.34
LCLX = x A2 R
= 2.574 3.8 = 9.78
UCLR = D4 R
= 0 3.8 = 0
LCLR = D3 R

Page 2 of 5 INDU 6331


By using Minitab: Stat -Control Charts-Variables Charts for Subgroups-Xbar-R Chart

Comment: The Process is in control, where there are no samples out of the control limits and there is no
unusual plot patterns.

Q2: Ans: R

Part
type Nominal M1 M2 M3 M4 M-Bar X-stand R-bar R-stand
1 A 100 120 95 100 110 106.25 0.323276 25 1.293103
2 A 100 115 123 99 102 109.75 0.50431 24 1.241379
3 A 100 116 105 114 108 110.75 0.556034 11 0.568966
4 A 100 120 116 100 96 108 0.413793 24 1.241379
=

5 A 100 112 100 98 107 104.25 0.219828 14 0.724138
19.33
6 A 100 98 110 116 105 107.25 0.375 18 0.931034
7 B 200 230 210 190 216 211.5 0.31768 40 1.104972
8 B 200 225 198 236 190 212.25 0.338398 46 1.270718
9 B 200 218 230 199 195 210.5 0.290055 35 0.966851
=

10 B 200 210 225 200 215 212.5 0.345304 25 0.690608
36.2
11 B 200 190 218 212 225 211.25 0.310773 35 0.966851
12 C 2000 2150 2230 1900 1925 2051.25 0.184205 330 1.186102
13 C 2000 2200 2116 2000 1950 2066.5 0.239018 250 0.898562
14 C 2000 1900 2000 2115 1990 2001.25 0.004493 215 0.772764
15 C 2000 1968 2250 2160 2100 2119.5 0.429513 282 1.013578
16 C 2000 2500 2225 2475 2390 2397.5 1.428714 275 0.988419
17 C 2000 2000 1900 2230 1960 2022.5 0.080871 330 1.186102
18 C 2000 1960 1980 2100 2150 2047.5 0.170727 190 0.682907 =

19 C 2000 2320 2150 1900 1940 2077.5 0.278554 420 1.509585
278.22
20 C 2000 2162 1950 2050 2125 2071.75 0.257887 212 0.761981
= 1.00

Page 3 of 5 INDU 6331
Since
= , = , = . , = .

n 4, D3 0, D4 2.282, A2 0.729; RA 19.3, RB 44.8, RC 278.2

The distribution is very close to normal

From the normality test plot:

x = 13.2 = P50

P84=17.27

To estimate the standard deviation : It will be the difference between the eighty-fourth and
the fiftieth percentiles

= 84th percentile 50th percentile = 17.27 13.2 = 4.07
Then = . = .

Q4: Ans: By using Minitab: Stat - Control Charts- Variables Charts for Subgroups- X-bar R


6 6(1.359)
a)
=
= 2(15)
= 0.272

Comment: Since the estimated value of P/T ratio is (0.272) which is > 0.1 then this gauge would not be
considered capable.

Q6: Ans: a)

Operator 1 Measurements Operator 2 Measurements

Part 1 2 3 X1-bar R1i 1 2 3 X2-bar R2i

Page 4 of 5 INDU 6331


No.
1 50 49 50 49.67 1.00 50 48 51 49.67 3.00
2 52 52 51 51.67 1.00 51 51 51 51.00 0.00
3 53 50 50 51.00 3.00 54 52 51 52.33 3.00
4 49 51 50 50.00 2.00 48 50 51 49.67 3.00
5 48 49 48 48.33 1.00 48 49 48 48.33 1.00
6 52 50 50 50.67 2.00 52 50 50 50.67 2.00
7 51 51 51 51.00 0.00 51 50 50 50.33 1.00
8 52 50 49 50.33 3.00 53 48 50 50.33 5.00
9 50 51 50 50.33 1.00 51 48 49 49.33 3.00
10 47 46 49 47.33 3.00 46 47 48 47.00 2.00

1 = 50.033 1 = 1.7
2 = 49.867 2 = 2.3

= 2.00

=Max( 1 , 2 ) - Min( 1 , 2 ) = 0.17

Now since n=3 (The repeat measurements), then d2= 1.693

2
=
= = .
2 1.693
While n=2 (The Operators), then d2= 1.128
0.17
=
= = .
1.128
2 2 2
b) =
+ = 1.1812 + 0.1512 = 1.

= .

c)
6 6(1.191)
= = = 0.357
2(10)
Comment: Since the estimated value of P/T ratio is (0.357) which is > 0.1 then this gauge would not be
considered capable.

Page 5 of 5 INDU 6331