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HYBRID ELECTRIC

VEHICLE
PPT by
SINDHUJA REDDY & ARCOT DHARANI SRINIVASAN
III yr MECHANICAL DEPT
VARDHAMAN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION:

Right from the time, vehicles came


into use it worked on the main concept of
engine i.e., internal combustion engine.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is
heat engine where the combustion of
a fuel occurs with an oxidiser (usually air) in
a combustion chamber that is an integral part
of the whole combustion. Due to the
excessive use of vehicles there is
contamination in the atmosphere because of
the emission of pollutants and this is due to
more consumption of fuel.
To overcome this the automotive hybrid
technology became widespread with the
concept of HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES.
Hybrid electric vehicle mainly deals with
internal combustion engine,electric
motor,rechargeable battery,regenerative
brakes.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION ON HOW IT WORKS


WHEN COMPARED TO NORMAL VEHICLE:
Modern HEVs make use of efficiency-
improving technologies such as regenerative
brakes, which converts the vehicle's kinetic
energy into electric energy to charge the
battery(rechargeable battery), rather than
wasting it as heat energy as conventional
brakes do.
In the normal functioning of vehicle there is
energy dissipation and then it is wasted.
Physics states that energy can be neither
created nor destroyed but it can be converted
from one form to another.
Therefore,automotive engineers came up with
an idea of regenerative braking system where
the K.E. lost in dissipation is converted to
electrical energy and then its used for
charging the battery. Using these we need not
go for an alternative.
HEV consists of electric motor,it works when
battery is low.Even electric motor also
provides energy to battery and vice versa.In
some cases like when the battery level is very
low and also when electric motor cannot
provide power for the running of vehicle ,IC
engine fuel combustion takes place and
provides power for the running of vehicle.
CONCLUSION:
The findings suggest that in general,a hybrid
car is not only fuel efficient but also
ecofriendly.One of the more significant
findings to emerge from the study is that a
hybrid car does not always run through the
electric engine,but when the speed raises it
automatically gets transferred to
engine.Though hybrid cars are expensive to
buy,its cheaper to own over a long run.