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Geotech 2 practice problems

1. A frictionless wall of height 6m and a backfill of cohesionless soil. The ground water
table is at a depth of 3m from the ground surface and the backfill is supporting a
surcharge of 10 kN/m2. Unit weight of backfill is 15.6 kN/m 3 and has a saturated unit
weight of 18.5 kN/m3. Angle of friction of 32.
a. Compute the total passive lateral force acting on the wall
b. Compute the location of the resultant force
c. Compute the moment created by the resultant force

2. A retaining wall has a height of 9m. It is subjected to a uniformly distributed surcharge of


12 kN/m2 at the top of the horizontal backfill having a unit weight and a saturated unit
weight equal to 16.5 kN/m3 and 18.62 kN/m3 respectively. Angle of friction is 20.
Groundwater table is located 3m below the ground surface.
a. Compute the total lateral active force acting on the wall
b. Compute the location of the resultant force
c. Compute the moment created by the resultant force

3. A vertical retaining wall has a height of 5.5m. It supports a soft backfill with a unit
weight of 15.5 kN/m3 and has a cohesion of 16.6 kN/m2. The angle of friction is 0.
a. Determine the depth of the tensile crack
b. Determine the lateral force before tensile crack occurred
c. Determine the force after tensile crack occurred.

4. A frictionless vertical retaining wall has a height of 6m. The backfill is sloping at an
angle of 10 from the horizontal. The unit weight of soil is 16 kN/m 3 with an angle of
internal friction of 20. The soil is cohesionless.
a. Compute the rankine active pressure coefficient
b. Compute the rankine active force on the retaining wall
c. Compute the moment due to this active force

5. A 6m high retaining wall is to support a soil with a unit weight of 17.4 kN/m 3, soil
friction angle of 26 degrees and cohesion of 14.36 kN/m2.
a. Determine the rankine active force per unit length before the tensile crack
b. Determine the rankine active force per unit length after the tensile crack
c. Determine the location of the active force after the tensile crack occurs

6. A retaining wall is 8m high. The soil is sandy loam of density 1.75 Mg/m 3. It shows a
cohesion of 13 kN/m2 and an angle of friction of 20 degrees. The upper surface of the fill
is horizontal.
a. Compute the depth of the crack
b. Compute the total active force per unit length
c. Compute the resulting active force before cracking if the water table is 3m above the
bottom of the wall. Saturated unit weight is 2 Mg/m3.
7. If the retaining wall shown is restrained from moving, what will be the lateral force per
unit length of the wall? Use angle of friction = 26 degrees.
8. A vertical retaining wall 6m high is supporting a horizontal backfill having a unit weight
of 16.5 kN/m3 and saturated unit weight of 19 kN/m3. Angle of friction is 30 degrees.
Ground water table is 3m below the ground.
a. Determine the force per unit length at rest
b. Determine the location of the resultant force
c. Determine the force per unit length if it carries a surcharge of 50 kPa

9. A vertical retaining wall 6m high retains a soil having the ff. properties. Unit weight of
cohesionless soil = 19.2 kN/m3, angle of friction = 30 degrees. The ground surface behind
the wall is inclined at a slope of 3 horizontal to 1 vertical and the wall has moved
outward.
a. Compute the active force
b. Compute the vertical and horizontal component of the force
c. Compute the moment due to this active force