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2017 PTE

1.Do you think consumers should avoid over packaged products or is it the responsibility
of producers?

2.Many people think that regions affect successful person. What is your opinion about
native region and accomplished persons influence on the region he belongs to.

3.Roles of governments, companies and individuals to combat climate change

4. Nowadays, the mass media including TV, radio and newspaper have become the
essential part of our lives. What is your opinion?

5. The mass media including TV, Radio and newspaper influence our society and shape
our opinions and characters. What is your opinion?

6.Companys top level authorities should get their employees in decision making process.
Discuss

7. Some people think law changes our behaviour. Discuss.

8. Pros and Cons of expreme/adventure sports.


expreme /

9. The environment we live in is in danger due to various problems. What are the
underlying causes? Who is responsible to combat this? What measures?

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10.In education system, assessment through formal written examination still valid?

11.Large shopping malls are replacing small shops. Your opinion? Good or bad

12. Nowadays, people spend too much time at work to the extent that they hardly have
time for their personal life. Discuss.

13. It is usually foolish to get married before completing your studies and getting
established in a good job? Do you agree or disagree".

14. Some people believe law changes human behaviour. Do you agree/disagree?

15. Talk about pros/cons of this era as it is full of daily inventions


/

16. Imitating celebrities in sports and movies good or bad?

17. Any recent invention that you think proved beneficial or detrimental to society

18. In the past 100 years, there have been many inventions such as antibiotics, airplanes
and computers. What do you think is the most important of them? Why? Greatest
invention in the last 100 years, medicine, sciene or technology?
100
100

19. Information revolution has changed the way of mass communications and had some
negative and positive effects on individual lives as well as on society. To what extent do
you agree or disagree?

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20.Learning a new language at an early age is helpful for children. Is it more positive ofr
their future aspect or have some adverse effects. Agree or disagree?

21.What are the greatest inventions of the 20th century among medicine, aeroplane and
computers, why?

22. In under developed countries, tourism has disadvantages and can be said the opposite
as well.

23. Communication has changed significantly in the last 10 yers. Disucss pros and cons
impacts.
10

24. The only thing that interfere with my leaning is my education- Einstein. What does he
mean by that? And do you think he is correct?
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25. The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but
those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn. Agree or Diagree?

26. "Value added by travel in Education Is travel a necessary component of education or


not ? Will scholar sitting at home have more knowledge than one who travels ? "

27. "Marketing strategy for big companies should be placed on offer and discounts, and
in what ways this can impact on their reputation

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28. Travel to study is over rated, we have brilliant scholars who studied locally. Is travel
really required for higher studies?

29. The space tavel is fantastic these day and they are very fascinate towards its but there
are many environmental problems in our planet we should resolve the problems or travel
space and spend alot of money

30. In a war of ideas, it is people who get killed. Does a common man suffer from a
groups ideology? Express your opinion, and support the same with reasons and
examples.

31. In a war of ideas, it is people who get killed. Does a common man suffer from a
groups ideology? Express your opinion, and support the same with reasons and
examples.

1. Extreme sports, sky-diving, bungee-jumping, risky pursuits, the real dangers of various
high-risk pursuits, turning extreme sports into a multi-billion dollar global industry,
parachuting, numerous fatal accidents, daredevils, scuba-diving, marathon running, Over
the past decade, extreme sports have become extremely popular. And so have extreme
injuries. Between 2000 and 2011, more than four million injuries were attributed to
extreme sports. and some kids try to emulate his tricks

2000
2011

Extreme sports bring excitement and thrill. The daring participants say extreme sports are
all about the thrill and the sense of accomplishment they get. They're climbing higher,

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jumping farther and moving faster, all in the name of personal glory. Still, when things go
wrong, they pay a heavy price. Humans aren't supposed to fly

2.Packaging ensures that people can buy and use products when they want them, in good
condition and with little wastage. However, many people think some goods have too
much packaging. Snacks intended to be eaten on the move are an example of products
where the consumer could easily assemble the components him/herself without the need
for packaging.

The packaged goods industry is highly competitive, and packaging manufacturers,


packaged goods producers and retailers are all under pressure to come up with new and
better packaging solutions. No business wants to spend more on packaging than it has to
and the fewer resources the packaging needs, the lower its cost.

Also, companies see to have gone overboard on packaging they put food in trays, inside
a box, inside a plastic container with with cardboard wrap around to explain what it is.
For instance, MacDonalds is the first to over-package their food and encourage people to
eat while walking hence they throw it on the street.

3.Hometown
Success in any area of life never happens in a complete vacuum. Often it is just as much
dependent on an individuals will-power and intelligence as it is on their environment and
outside circumstances.

To find happiness and success, you therefore need to pay attention and take some control
over the type of environments you are surrounding yourself in on a daily basis; even the

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strongest and brightest of minds will find it difficult to achieve their goals if they are in a
completely wrong environment for them.

This is because every aspect of your external life has some influence over your internal
thoughts and behaviors, especially the people you surround yourself with on a daily basis,
and the type of places where you spend most of your time.

The first main aspect of our environment that influences our success is the people we
surround ourselves with on a daily basis.For example, surrounding yourself with friends
who are more self-disciplined can also help you become more self-disciplined. This is
just one of many examples of how our social network can have an influence over our own
behavior and goal-seeking.It fits well with other research that shows if you hang around
people who are obese and unhealthy, its more likely you will become obese and
unhealthy. And if you hang around with people who are lazy and dont study for class,
its likely youll end up with similar grades as them too.

goal-seeking.it

The second main aspect of our environment that influences our success is the places we
spend most of our time at.For example, one important factor that has shown to increase
productivity and happiness is giving people some freedom to design their own
workplace.Taking ownership over where you spend your time allows you to choose an
environment that motivates and inspires you. A good environment for success should
keep your senses stimulated and awake while you work on your goals, while not being
too distracting.

AW
At the end of the day, you cant meet your full potential for success unless you find an
environment that brings out the very best in you.

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4.Climate Change/Global Warming

But what really is the proper role for individuals and institutions in addressing climate
change? An immediate and natural response may be that everyone should do their part

Decisions affecting carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, for example, are made primarily by
companies and consumers. This includes decisions by companies about how to produce
electricity, as well as thousands of other goods and services; and decisions by consumers
regarding what to buy, how to transport themselves, and how to keep their homes warm,
cool, and light.

In order to effectively address global warming, we must significantly reduce the amount
of heat-trapping emissions we are putting into the atmosphere. As individuals, we can
help by taking action to reduce our personal carbon emissions. But to fully address the
threat of global warming, we must demand action from our elected leaders to support and
implement a comprehensive set of climate solutions:

Expand the use of renewable energy and transform our energy system to a cleaner one

Place limits on the amount of carbon that polluters are allowed to emit.

Build a clean energy economy by investing in efficient energy technologies, industries,


and approaches.

Reduce tropical deforestation and its associated global warming emissions.

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5.Television

1.Television is now playing a very important role in our lives.

2. Television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparative


cheap one.

3. Television keeps you informed about current events. It allows you to follow the latest
developments in science and politics.

4. Many television programs introduce people to things they never thought of before and
have never heard of before.

5. Television has been good company to those who do not work, like housewives, lonely
old people, etc.

6. People all around the world are no longer distant and isolated from each other.

7.It brings most distant countries and the strangest customs right into your living room.

8. Compared with radio, everything on television is more lifelike, vivid, and real.

9. Television may be a vital factor in holding a family together.

10. Television keeps people informed of the news and weather. disasters like floods,
winds, etc.

Disadvantages
1.Television is a great time waster.

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2. Television takes up too much of our time.

3.We no longer have enough time for hobbies, entertaining activities.

4.Other outside amusements like theaters, movies, sports, etc get ignored.

5. People have grown addicted to television, often neglecting the necessary and more
important things like meals, sleep, and even work.

6. The more the viewer watches television, the lazier they become. The TV glues them to
the set instead of allowing them to go out.

7. Television prevents people from communicating with each other.

8.It has done much harm to the relationship between family members.

9. Families sit and watch television at dinner instead of talking with each other

6.Employees opinion

The solid foundation of any successful company is its people. Employees represent a
source of knowledge and ideas, but oftentimes that resource remains untapped. Involving
employees in the decision-making process not only empowers them to contribute to the
success of an organization, but also saves the company time and money. It also increases
productivity and reduces outsourcing

Improving Morale-Actively engaging workers in the decision-making process increases


overall company morale. Employees understand their ideas are an important contribution
to the company, and gives them the power to influence the outcome of their work,
leading to increased job satisfaction and a positive attitude.

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Internal Resources-Using employees in the decision-making process, rather than


outsourcing, saves money, time, and offers the company long-term reliable assistance
from those who know the corporation well.

Teamwork-Participation in the decision-making process gives each employee the


opportunity to voice their opinions, and to share their knowledge with others. While this
improves the relationship between manager and employee, it also encourages a strong
sense of teamwork among workers.

7.Environment

Deforestation- Deforestation is a rapidly-growing problem in areas like Africa, Central


and South America. Not only does this mean less trees, less cleansing oxygen, and the
displacement of the wildlife, deforestation means a dangerous decrease in a natural
fighter of global warming

Pollution-Pollution comes in many forms and no matter where you live. The main reason
for why pollution has gotten so out of control is that our desire for more stuff has led
to our old stuff being thrown away at an alarming and unnecessary rate. This need for
manufactured items also leads to the air and water pollution emitted from factories, which
in many countries are highly unregulated.

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Loss of Biodiversity-Each species has a role in our planet, and when one dies out, it can
have catastrophic effects on the rest of us. Currently, many other animals are in danger of
becoming extinct, either from being forced out of their habitats by man or by climate
change.

6. Written assessment

Writing is an essential skill that allows people to participate fully in today's society and to
contribute to the economy. It is a complex process that is essential for extending learning,
thinking and communicating with others

The assessment of writing is central to the process of effective teaching and learning of
writing This, in turn, can enable greater understanding of the requirements needed to
support their learning.

It allows students to effectively convey thoughts and ideas through text is classroom-
based writing assessment. Such formative assessments allow teachers to gauge the
effectiveness of their instructional practices, modify instruction as needed, and provide
students with feedback on writing strengths and areas in need of further development.

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7.Shopping mall
Mall culture has become big business, as shopping malls have evolved into multi-storied
structures housing a large number of stores that sell diverse products and services.
Shopping malls house a collection of retail stores and restaurants

Parking is one of the major hassles for people who go into the city to shop. Shopping at
malls eliminates this problem, because parking is provided either free of charge or for a
nominal fee. This makes it advantageous for people to choose to shop at a mall rather
than a single store. Families who choose to visit a mall on the weekend or holiday for a
family outing find it to be a more convenient option mainly because parking is provided

Visiting a mall is advantageous because of the numerous stores housed in one complex.
Groceries, clothes, shoes, reading material, food courts, cinemas and entertainment
arcades are available in one place. Malls make great meeting places for friends to catch
up over coffee at a cafor a meal at the food court.

One of the major disadvantages - These include excessive crowding, especially on


weekends and holidays. Crowded aisles and stores make shopping very difficult; people
often end up forgetting items they needed to buy. Parking can also be a problem when the
mall is very crowded.
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The temptation to browse is always present, and browsing often leads to buying things
that are not needed. Keeping to a monthly budget becomes increasingly difficult every
time you visit the mall. With all the sales and special offers intended to tempt buyers,
saying "no" becomes very hard.------------------------

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8. Work-Life Balance

If people don't have time to relax and recharge, their ability to do their job decreases and
their performance level suffers.

Work-life balance is about creating and maintaining supportive and healthy work
environments, which will enable employees to have balance between work and personal
responsibilities and thus strengthen employee loyalty and productivity.

Todays workers have many competing responsibilities such as work, children,


housework, volunteering, spouse and elderly parent care and this places stress on
individuals, families and the communities in which they reside. Work-life conflict is a
serious problem that impacts workers, their employers and communities.

Long work hours and highly stressful jobs not only hamper employees ability to
harmonize work and family life but also are associated with health risks, such as
increased smoking and alcohol consumption, weight gain and depression. Work life
conflict has been associated with numerous physical and mental health implications.

Work-life conflict has negative implications on family life. Their work responsibilities
interfere with their ability to fulfill their responsibilities at home.

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A growing number of employers have implemented wellness programs or pay for their
employees gym membership as part of a benefits package. Some companies invite
fitness trainers or yoga instructors into the office to hold lunchtime sessions.

Companies that have implemented work-life balance programs recognize that employee
welfare affects the bottom line of the business. Finally, self-management is important;
people need to control their own behaviour and expectations regarding work-life balance.

4. Nowadays, the mass media including TV, radio and newspaper have become the
essential part of our lives. What is your opinion?

5. The mass media including TV, Radio and newspaper influence our society and shape
our opinions and characters. What is your opinion?

Newspapers, radio, television, and the Internetincluding e-mail and blogsare


significantly influential on our society, especially in affirming attitudes and opinions that
are already established. The news media focus the publics attention on certain
personalities and issues, leading many people to form opinions about them.

Mass media sets the news agenda, which shapes the public's views on what is
newsworthy and important.

It is a system used by advertisement agencies and media outlets, such as television


channels and radio stations to "convince" their audiences to do or act in a certain way. It
appeals to the vulnerability of the desired target .

For instance, a famous person or persons Who are recognized and admired by whole
communities. These individuals have the "Power" to convince their followers or fans into
taking any kind of action or decision. Therefore, these famous people usually are linked

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or work for some media outlet and are used, to influence the community
accordingly./////////////

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The media has changed significantly in the past years. Because of the availability of
television and radio all populations and classes have been exposed to various types of
media. The Internet has provided an even newer media resource. The majority of people
live in a very fast paced society. They have very little time for reading and exploring the
truth of information. The producers of media publication are aware of this and use the
media to influence public choice and opinion. The problem lies in that many people are
gullible and society as a whole is easily influenced by the media representations. The
media also responds to public demand and provides the information that the public
craves.

A positive aspect of the medias bias has been that it has facilitated change in peoples
perception of races in a positive manner, exposed people to other cultures, made people
aware of environmental needs, and the needs of people far away. While there can also be
negative implications the media also has to reflect the publics point of view. With the
growing representation of Hispanics, African Americans, and other minority groups, the
media is under pressure to present them in a more positive light.

7. Some people think law changes our behaviour. Discuss.


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14. Some people believe law changes human behaviour. Do you agree/disagree?
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Can legislation reform human nature?

Can laws change people's mind?

As far as I am concerned, laws can only prohibit people's evil behaviour by the force of
government power, ensure the freedom of its people and help maintaining the peace and
stability of the society. They can not operate on people's minds.

Moral judgment is motivated largely by avoidance of punishment. Individuals develop an


understanding that rules are necessary to aintain social order, and are motivated by what
they think people expect of them. Thus, people perceive an obligation to uphold the law
to avoid the social disorder that would follow in the wake of others disobeying.

13. It is usually foolish to get married before completing your studies and getting
established in a good job? Do you agree or disagree".

There are numerous disadvantages to getting married while still a student. [Getting
married in college] can create a greater problem when you are dependent on parents to
support you. There is the probability of more tension on the part of both sets of parents.
Expecting your parents to continue paying your tuition as though you were still a child
once you have chosen to take on the very adult responsibility of marriage can also create
tension.

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Another reason to wait is the time constraint on enrolled newlyweds. Balancing time at
home, adjusting to a new life and spending time on academics is a daunting task,
regardless of how organized you are. Married college students are often left with not
enough time to do housework, study or have couple time. Little time is left for each other
so theres less time to work on personal growth and the marriage.

The college marriage often results in restriction of college experiences, participation in


college functions and of relationships of college friends.

Not only that, but she also finds that marriage affects academics. There is often a drop in
grades due to added responsibilities or having to take on a full time job. The distractions
that marriage brings are endless and normal, but if your current schedule and goals make
marriage too much to handle on top of your college life, then the smartest decision may
be taking care of your college career before saying your vows.

Sometimes the engaged couple isnt actually ready to decide what they want out of life
(or marriage) yet. College is a time of growth and maturing. Getting married too soon can
cut growth and maturation short. Most students need some time to be self-supporting,
living on your own and making decisions as you mature. An early marriage can prevent
students from ever getting that time to mature.

15. Talk about pros/cons of this era as it is full of daily inventions

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/
In today's world, where just about everything is more convenient and accessible due to
advances in technology across almost all sectors, it may seem as though it's a misnomer
to even mention any disadvantages of technological advances. However, despite how far
technology has taken humans and no matter how convenient it may make things, there
are some disadvantages accompanying this level of access.

Technology advances show people a more efficient way to do things, and these processes
get results. For example, education has been greatly advanced by the technological
advances of computers. Students are able to learn on a global scale without ever leaving
their classrooms. Agricultural processes that once required dozens upon dozens of human
workers can now be automated, thanks to advances in technology, which means cost-
efficiency for farmers. Medical discoveries occur at a much more rapid rate, thanks to
machines and computers that aid in the research process and allow for more intense
educational research into medical matters.This results in cost savings for business
owners, allowing them to invest in growth in other areas of the business, which
contributes on a positive level to the economy as a whole.

The more advanced society becomes technologically, the more people begin to depend on
computers and other forms of technology for everyday existence. This means that when a
machine breaks or a computer crashes, humans become almost disabled until the problem
is resolved. This kind of dependency on technology puts people at a distinct
disadvantage, because they become less self-reliant.

At the same time, human workers retain less value, which is a disadvantage of
technological advances. Because machines automate processes and do the work of 10

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people with one computer, companies find they don't need to employ as many people to
get the job done. As machines and computers become even more advanced and efficient,
this will continue to be a growing disadvantage of technology and an issue that has a
global impact.

10

16. Imitating celebrities in sports and movies good or bad?

Now, more than ever, celebrities are extremely influential in the lives of teenagers. While
there are certainly some positive role models for teens among todays celebrities, there
are also many who provide a decidedly negative influence. Teens who try to emulate
these celebrities may fall victim to several different issues,

There include Drug abuse or drug addiction, Problems with alcohol and drinking
heavily, Eating disorders and Low self-esteem and low self-confidence.

It seems like every day there are more and more stories and pictures on the Internet of the
illicit activities of celebrities. Teens see these people partying, drinking alcohol or doing
drugs, and they think they should too. This sends the message to teens that in order to
have fun or be cool, you have to use these substances. Teens may begin to think that it is
no big deal, and this can cause serious problems leading to and including drug and
alcohol addictions, risk-taking behaviors, and even death.

Some of the most common problems that occur are issues with self-esteem for teens,
especially teen girls. When a teen girl flips through her favorite fashion magazine, she is

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inundated with pictures and articles revolving around the erroneous belief that celebrities
are perfect. The air-brushed pictures, workout and diet tips, and pin-thin models can
cause body images issues for teens. In trying to make themselves look like the pictures
that they see, teens can cause real damage to their bodies. Working out too much or not
eating enough can lead to an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia

17. Any recent invention that you think proved beneficial or detrimental to society

18. In the past 100 years, there have been many inventions such as antibiotics, airplanes
and computers. What do you think is the most important of them? Why? Greatest
invention in the last 100 years, medicine, sciene or technology?
100
100
It is evident how life has changed since technology has been introduced in the human life.
When we think about technology mostly the first thing that comes to our mind is the
image of a computer. Technological advancements such as computers have been
designed and created with the only purpose to help humans and make their lives easier.
Computers have become indispensable in any workplace where they are basically
considered a compliment for people to help them on developing their activities. In fact,
computers are the greatest invention of all time because they have multi-tasking features
that can minimize your work, they can display and let you manipulate stored information,
and they are used in almost all fields for any purpose.

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First of all computers have multi-tasking features that can minimize the work you have
to do. For example, computers avoid you having to calculate any result on doing math,
the only thing you must do is to type the information needed and your work is done.

Secondly, computers can display and let you manipulate stored information. In other
words, you dont need to use paper in order to store any information on shelves. You
dont even have to rewrite a whole paper because you did a mistake or you have to add
more information to the written form. You can have as many files as you can in your
computer and organize them the way you like it without having to use any extra material
or space.

Finally, computers are used in almost all fields for any purpose such as entertainment,
education, and any type of job. For example, you can use computers to play videogames,
watch movies, listen to music or chat on the internet for entertainment. In education or
any job you can use them for videoconferences, PowerPoint presentations or just using
their basic features discussed in the first point.

PowerPoint

Therefore computers are the greatest invention of all time because they reduce your time
consumption on your activities, you can save your information and edit it anytime, and
they let you do almost everything you need. Computers have become the most powerful
tool ever created.

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19. Information revolution has changed the way of mass communications and had some
negative and positive effects on individual lives as well as on society. To what extent do
you agree or disagree?

23. Communication has changed significantly in the last 10 yers. Disucss pros and cons
impacts.
10
IT has not only brought the world closer together. Therefore, we can not only share
information quickly and efficiently, but we can also bring down barriers of linguistic and
geographic boundaries. The world has developed into a global village due to the help of
information technology allowing to shares ideas and information with each other.

Communication has also become cheaper, quicker, and more efficient. We can now
communicate with anyone around the globe by simply text messaging them or sending
them an email for an almost instantaneous response. The internet has also opened up face
to face direct communication from different parts of the world thanks to the helps of
video conferencing.

Bridging the cultural gap - Information technology has helped to bridge the cultural gap
by helping people from different cultures to communicate with one another, and allow for
the exchange of views and ideas, thus increasing awareness and reducing prejudice.
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However, While information technology may have streamlined the business process it
has also crated job redundancies, downsizing and outsourcing. This means that a lot of
lower and middle level jobs have been done away with causing more people to become
unemployed.

Privacy - Though information technology may have made communication quicker, easier
and more convenient, it has also bought along privacy issues. Due to website and email
hacking, people are now worried about their once private information becoming public
knowledge.

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-

Lack of job security - Industry experts believe that the internet has made job security a
big issue as since technology keeps on changing with each day. This means that one has
to be in a constant learning mode, if he or she wishes for their job to be secure.
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Dominant culture - While information technology may have made the world a global
village, it has also contributed to one culture dominating another weaker one. For
example it is now argued that US influences how most young teenagers all over the world
now act, dress and behave. Languages too have become overshadowed, with English
becoming the primary mode of communication for business and everything else.
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20.Learning a new language at an early age is helpful for children. Is it more positive ofr
their future aspect or have some adverse effects. Agree or disagree?

There are several benefits of learning a new language, the latest being it promotes a better
understanding (and acceptance of) psychology and diversity.

1.Bilingualism delays Alzheimers disease by as much as five .

2. Being bilingual can lead to improved listening skills, since the brain has to work harder
to distinguish different types of sounds in two or more languages

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3. Babies brought up in a bilingual environment have stronger working memories than


those brought up with only one language

This means they are better at mental calculation, reading and many other vital skills.

4. Better multi-tasking-Bilingual people can switch from one task to another more
quickly. They show more cognitive flexibility and find it easier to adapt to unexpected
circumstances.

5. Learning a new language can literally change the way you see the world.Learning
Japanese, for example, which has basic terms for light and dark blue, may help you
perceive the colour in different ways

People used to think that learning two languages created confusion in the mind. Some
studies did seem to back up the idea that learning two languages could be problematic;
early researchers noted that bilingual people tended to have smaller vocabularies and
slower access to words.

22. In under developed countries, tourism has disadvantages and can be said the opposite
as well.

In recent decades, low cost airfare has made international travel easier and many
countries have, therefore, developed their tourism industries into key sectors of their
economies. While it is clear tourism brings obvious benefits to the countries that host
tourists, it is also true to say it may bring disadvantages as well.

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Undoubtedly, there are significant benefits that tourism brings to a country. First, a
thriving tourist industry implies an increasing need for a variety of services such as
hotels, transport, restaurants, and entertainment. This results in a considerable number of
jobs being created for people who lack a college education and also the development of
the infrastructure needed to accommodate visitors. Moreover, tourism is a "green"
industry that, unlike factories, generates a low level of pollution. In fact, because
beautiful natural landscapes are often places that tourists come to see, a country will often
be sure to maintain the landscape in order to keep it attractive for tourists.

Despite the benefits, there are aspects of tourism that may prove harmful to a country.
For instance, a country may suffer from the loss of their traditional culture. This is caused
by people in a country changing their lifestyle, customs, and language in order to more
effectively serve visitors or because they become influenced by foreign countries. This
can cause stress in a traditional society and could even lead to animosity towards tourists.
In addition, because tourists often carry expensive objects like cameras and are unaware
of their surroundings, they make good targets for theft. Crime also increases as a result of
the increases in drugs and prostitution that caters to some vacationers.

In summary, global tourism is greatly beneficial to an economy and environment of a


country. However, it can be detrimental in several ways. To my way of thinking, a
country should seek to develop its tourism industry because it can bring steady jobs to
many people without their need for higher education and without the risk of
environmental damages.

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23. The only thing that interfere with my leaning is my education- Einstein. What does he
mean by that? And do you think he is correct?
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Formal education tends to limit the thinking you can do about a subject. For instance, you
know and accept that the Law of Gravity is valid. You've been taught that in school.
Therefore, you are not going to waste your time trying to get around it.

Most engineers today are taught that something must be done THIS way. By the time
they get their degrees, they can't see simple solutions to complex problems. That's when
you need someone with no degree and not a lot of knowledge about engineering that you
can bounce the problem off of. In explaining it to them and dealing with their offhand
suggestions, you often get the simple solution you couldn't see.

Einstein recognized that education also limits the mind and felt he learned more by doing
research without the confines of the degree.

Einstein was a genius, which back in the old days many never really understood what a
genius really was! So for him to say, the only thing that interferes with my learning is my
education! He was actually saying, he was a lot smarter then any education that could be
taught to him back in them days!

So he had to more or less, self educate on his own to be able to be smarter then he already
was! Many people saw him as off the wall, sort of speak! Because of the fact he was a lot
more smarter then anyone really knew! So instead of him being looked up to because of
being so smart, he was more like an out cast to most! Mostly because of his odd behavior,
and weirdness and very much misunderstood! He plainly just didn't fit in!

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I guess you could say, very few people tried to get to know him at his level and partly no
one could possibly even think at his level! So he to many was just a strange person! But
the fact was he was a genius and he was misunderstood back in them days! Geniuses
today are honored and almost worshiped and there is today, way higher education levels
in place now for people that are geniuses!

Could you imagine if education would have been so high level to teach Einstein to the
levels he was urning for! He would have really accomplished way more then what he did!

And may have changed the world for a lot better then what it is today! Maybe that's why
education is such a high priority in todays world, so that everyone has a chance to be the
next great Einstein, or even greater! If education hadn't changed from the old days, man
would have never made it to the moon!

Education has to always change for the better, may be at times not fast enough, but if it
didn't life will never get better! If education was still the same as back in Einstein days,
Medical wouldn't be where it is today and millions would have all died every year!
Medical is the biggest resource for longer life and more quality of life! Without it, people
would be dieing at younger ages and from many diseases that wouldn't be cureable
without all the medical education we all have today!

Einstein would have actually fit in better in todays world then he did back in the old
days, you could say he was born in the wrong Century, so it would be like taking a well
educated person today and put them back into Einstein days of life! The person would
feel completely out of place and most likely wouldn't be able to even cope in that kind of
life!

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So what Einstein was saying is, he was being taught 6 th grade education when he was
actually like the highest college degree grad in are time of life! And he wanted higher
education then the highest college education! But back in his days 6 th grade education is
all they had as highest education to offer!
6
6

The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those
who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.

Education in the 21st Century: The Challenge

'The illiterate of the twenty-first century will not be those who cannot read and write, but
those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.' - Alvin Toffler

-
How effective is the education that your child receives? As one of the world's wealthy
countries, we could reasonably expect that our education system would rate as one of the
world's best, and certainly in terms of spending on education, Singapore's record is very
good, but it seems that our report card - along with those of all major developed countries
- should read: 'Must do better'.

'
Around the world, education systems are struggling to remain relevant in a changing
world. Far too often they are failing to prepare students for life in the 'new economies'.

So, what does all this mean to parents, struggling to make the right educational choices
for their children? And what does it mean to a nation like Singapore at the beginning of
the twenty-first century?

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For the individual, there is no way to over-estimate the importance of education.

Many may score well in basic literacy and number skills but performance even in these
areas is often based on the wealth and social position of the students. And besides,
education suited for the new millennium is not the same as in previous decades. The new
economy, brought about by the huge changes of the communications revolution, means
that the skills which will be valued are far more wide-ranging than the 'three Rs' of the
past. Literacy and number skills are still vital, but the successful person in the future will
be the person with wide-ranging abilities - the person 'able to navigate change and
diversity, learn-as-they-go, solve problems, collaborate and be flexible and creative.'
(New Learning: A Charter for Australian Education - Australian Council of Deans of
Education (A.C.D.E.)

a.c.d.e.
Creative teachers have understood this for decades, but education systems, are slow to
adapt frustrating most attempts at meaningful evolution.

Education suited to our children's needs must help them cope as individuals in a complex
world. Experts predict that today's students will be the first in history to face the prospect
of working at ten - or more - different jobs during their working lives. They will need
thinking and learning skills that are creative and flexible. Adaptability will be their most
prized possession.

In reality, there is a danger, that outside pressures and the time constraints of an over-
crowded curriculum distract us from the traditional purpose of good schooling, which is
to turn out a well-rounded, decent human being.

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Britain's Prime Minister, Tony Blair, made his intentions clear in 1997, with his
statement of priorities: 'Education, Education, Education.' Only last year Singapore's
minister for education, Teo Chee Hean said, 'education is about moulding the future of
our nation'. He was right of course, but he might also have said, 'education is about
moulding the future of each individual.'
1997
Teo Chee Hean

The challenge for each of us is to find the method of learning best suited to the demands
of that future, and this will be the subject of my articles over the coming weeks.

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There has been a heated discussion on whether people should take extreme sports such as
jump diving and parasailing. From my perspective, it is not a good idea to do such
dangerous sports normally.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why dangerous sports should not be
encouraged, but the obvious one lies in the fact that extreme sports have high mortality
rates. There is a high level of injuries or even death, which sometimes disables players
and ruins their lives. From my own experience, even professional athletes are likely to get
injured when engaged in dangerous physical activities. One of my friends, recently,
broken his leg when trying parasailing in Bali. It is obvious that, as its name says,
dangerous sports are very risky.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Someone do favor dangerous
sports. They claim that without extreme adventures, they would not have experienced real
excitements and enjoyments. It can be taken as an effective way to help players to relieve
pressure in modern life. Moreover, by participating in those activities which require high
skills and techniques, people may be able to gain a strong sense of confidence and
fulfilment.

To conclude, although the desire to try dangerous sports is understandable, however,


from the above mentioned, it is hard for me to fall into love with such risky activities.

There has been a heated discussion on whether environmental problems like global
climate change should be dealt with by governments, corporations or individuals. From
my perspectives, it should be managed by governments firstly, and companies and

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individuals secondly. The individual can only do so much, the vital changes needs to
come from the government.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why governments can play a more important
role in environmental problems, but the obvious one lies in the fact that governments are
delegated by people to care about public welfare. They have execution power to make
policies to address the issue more effectively. To be specific, government can enact new
laws which can affect individuals and companies of any size and force them to change.
For example, alternative energy projects, such as electric cars or solar panels could be
encouraged by governments through compensation schemes. Without the effort of
governments, no change would have taken place.

For large corporations, profitability is their major concern. It is hard to believe that when
facing the tradeoff, they would truly choose environment other than profit.

For individuals, climate change is too big an issue to handle because they cannot view the
problems from a macroscopic angle. However, as the quote says: every coin has two
sides. There are also a variety of things for individuals to get involved: switching off
lights when leaving, recycling and classifying the garbage, conserving the usage of water.
These are all examples of small actions which can eventually make a huge difference.

To conclude, although individuals can make a contribution to improving our


environment, given the huge problems we currently face, it is governments who can
make a real difference.

There has been a heated discussion on what pros and cons information revolution caused
by new media can bring to individuals and the society as a whole. From my perspective,
there is a good side and bad side to everything including the information revolution.

To being with, there are numerous benefits that information innovation has, but the
obvious one lies in the fact that information revolution caused by mass media such as
internet makes peoples life more convenient and societys operation more efficient. For
example, for society, internet can vastly improve the efficiency of scientific research. It
allows scientists get access to all the data and research findings in their field available
worldwide. Moreover, in terms of individuals, people who have access to the valuable
information on the internet have a competitive advantage in their daily life over those
who do not. It is the information makes the personal communication more convenient and
rapid.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Someone claims that such
information transformation has drawbacks which should not be neglected. For one thing,
not all the information on the internet is either useful or harmless. Violent, pornographic
and bloody items can be seen everywhere. They will, inevitably, have adverse impacts on
people. People who are overwhelmed claim that without such much information, whey

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would be able to live a better life. For another, the construction of new information
networks requires a huge amount of investments, which can be a strain on the budget of
developing countries.

To conclude, although information revolution caused by new mass media has its
shortcomings, however, from the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that any
country which falls behind in the information race will
become socially and economically backward and the information innovation, if managed
properly, holds the key to future success.

There has been a heated discussion on whether telecommunication such as mobile phones
have benefitted individuals and the society as a whole. While it is possible to claim that
smart phones have become a huge distraction in our daily life, my view is that its
advantages outweigh its disadvantages.

To begin with, there are numerous why telecommunication is beneficial, but the obvious
one lies in the fact that it makes the operation of society and peoples daily life more
effective and efficient. To be specific, the wide spread use of cellphones makes
communication between vast distances possible. For society, video call and internet
connection enabled by smartphones makes the international conferences easier. We can
save a large amount of money and time that we would have spent without
telecommunication. For individuals, mobile phones, as telecommunicating devices, give
us access to all the information needed and more convenience. For example, we can
locate friends in a large crowd and organize many events by just a phone call.

However, those who argue for continuous mobile phone use have a different perspective,
and they claim that communicating only through the virtual world has its drawbacks
which should not be neglected. It is obvious that we now tend to overuse this form of
communication. Consequently, it may cause some users to be anti-social. Furthermore, it
has become a huge distraction in our life. Taking smart phones as an example, we hold
them anytime and anywhere, even when walking on the street.

To conclude, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Although there are strong
arguments for both sides, as the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that, if used
properly, it is a positive trend for individuals and the society to adopt telecommunication
which can bring many benefits.

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There has been a heated discussion on whether governments should force citizens to vote.
From my perspective, I disagree with the practice of compulsory voting.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why voting should not be compulsory, but the
obvious one lies in the fact that it violates the nature of democracy. In democratic
countries, Voting is a civil right rather than a duty. Therefore, compulsory voting can be
seen as an infringement to the notion of freedom of political opinion. For example, if my
favourite candidate drops out, compelling me to vote for someone whom I am not
familiar with is not reasonable or productive. As we all known, the freedom of speech
includes the freedom of not speaking. Moreover, some religions even against voting.
Compulsory voting violates their freedom of religion.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Someone claims that compulsory
voting is the best symbol of a democratic society because the nature of democracy is that
people actively participate in making decisions. In my opinion, being actively involved
does not mean that we must vote for somebody. Sometimes, if we do not know about the
candidates, choosing not to vote is the best way to be active. Because it ensures that the
result is based on real preference rather than random pick.

To conclude, although the purpose of compulsory voting is understandable, however,


from the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that this practice actually violates the
real nature of democracy and should be banned.

There has been heated discussion on whether written examination is a good way to
evaluate students learning ability. From my perspective, this form of test is unable to
assess ones true level of study.

To begin with, instead of testing students learning ability, it is memory and exam
techniques that the examinations tend to test for. By that I mean, students tend to lay
emphasis on the content which will be tested. They are encouraged to memorize rather
than to think. In other words, those who get high scores on examinations do not
necessarily possess strong learning ability. For examples, there are many stories that
famous scientists and successful entrepreneurs failed to do well on examinations.

Therefore, written examinations should be supplemented by other forms of assessments.


For students who major in art such as singing or acting, performance and presentation
could be a better means of testing their capability and personality. For students who learn

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science and technology, lab experiments can be used to evaluate their innovation and
operational ability. In such circumstance, written examination by itself cannot provide a
comprehensive and detailed assessment.

To conclude, although written examination has been used as a common way for
evaluation for a long time, however, from the above mentioned, I am overall convinced
that written examination is not an ideal way and should be supplemented by other
methods.

There has been a heated discussion on what invention is the most significant one for our
society. From my perspective, undoubtedly, it is the computers.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why computers are of importance, but the
obvious one lies in the fact that computers are essential in peoples life, as they are
required to perform numerous tasks. For instance, office workers such as accountants and
engineers use computers daily to carry out their calculations and send e-mails. Obviously,
computers have improved work efficiency. To be specific, those jobs are now able to be
done within seconds, as compared to years ago when all such works were done manually.
As a result, some people even claim that without computers, they would not have been
able to complete their jobs.

Secondly, computers paly a very important role in the field of science and medicine. In
terms of science, computers have allowed for processing to be more efficient. Taking
airplane as a good example, computers allow further testing and more in-depth studies as
compared to the past. Apart from that, computers also very important in the field of
medicine. New viruses are always appearing around the world and doctors need to react
immediately. With the help of computers, doctors can carry out their study on new types
of antibiotics and start producing a cure.

In conclusion, as above mentioned, in addition to their own significance, majority of


other inventions can be improved by computers as well. Therefore, I am overall
convinced that it is the computers that should take the priority.

There has been a heated discussion on whether we should get married before graduating
from school or starting work. From my perspective, the disadvantages of getting married
at an early age outweigh its advantages.

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There are numerous reasons why marrying too early is not a wise choice, but the most
obvious one lies in the fact that marriage is a serious decision. In other words, getting
married is a commitment to live together and face difficulties together. Obviously, those
who has not finished school are, usually, not mature enough. Therefore, it is hard for
them to understand how the society functions and what marriage truly means. Taking my
brother as an example, he married his wife when they were in the university. He was too
busy studying without having the time to earn income or to spend with his family.
Consequently, this lead to a disagreement between the couple.

However, those who argue for early marriage have a different perspective, and say that it
can actually be a good thing. The argument is that the true meaning of marriage is love,
and the campus love is usually pure and true love. For instance, my father who got
married at a young age believes that if he had not married my mother at the right time, he
would not have been able to get so much love and support from her. In addition, it should
also be taken into account that marriage can provide a strong sense of belonging and
security, which is, in turn, beneficial to study and work.

In conclusion, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. While there are strong
arguments for both sides, I am overall convinced that we should not consider marriage
until we are capable of being responsible after completing studies or getting a job.

There has been a heated discussion on what problem is the most urgent one worldwide.
While it is possible to claim that there are many issues to be resolved. From my
perspective, environmental problem should take the priority.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why environmental concerns is very worrying,
but the obvious one lies in the fact that it can have detrimental effects on humans life. To
be specific, Industrialization and urbanization has created countless rubbish and
pollutants which are usually harmful and poisonous. Once we live in an environment
which has been heavily polluted, our health cannot be assured. For example, due to The
Great Smog of 1952 In London, thousands of infants died prematurely and millions of
people were made ill because of the smogs negative influences.

In order to solve environmental issues like this, governments and individuals should work
together. On one hand, governments are delegated by their citizens to take care of public
welfares. That is to say, they have the executive power to enact laws and regulations to
deal with such big issues as environmental pollution. For instance, governments can
encourage the usage of solar panels and electric cars by introducing compensation
schemes. On the other hand, individuals are also able to get involved actively. Turn off
the light when leaving, classify and recycle the rubbish, and save water. These are all

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small actions which can eventually make huge contribution together to our environment
protection.

In conclusion, there is no doubt that now we should focus on environmental problems


across the globe. Although it is difficult to be managed by either party, we can, certainly,
handle it by the joint effort of governments and individuals.

There has been a heated discussion on whether laws and regulations can affect human
actions. From my perspective, laws do provide the basic rules for individual behaviours.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why laws can change peoples decisions about
crime, but the obvious one lies in the fact that legally required punishments can produce
necessary deterrent effects. In other words, laws are effective to deter possible offenders
from being actual lawbreakers. For example, I like my friends amazing watch; however,
as the laws protect private ownership, I would not take it without permission. That is
because I am scared by the jail terms which is at the expense of my precious freedom.
Specifically, without legal restriction, I would have stolen the watch. It is the laws that
make me think twice and change my mind before committing a crime.

However, those who argue that laws actually have little impact on human behaviors have
a different point of view. They claim that vicious human nature is a case in point. To be
specific, there are some people who are born with an innate inclination to violence. As a
result, it can be extremely difficult to put them under control only by the help of the law.
Besides, it should also be taken into account that laws have not legislated on all issues,
morality, therefore, may share the responsibility for the control of human actions.

In conclusion, while there are strong arguments for both sides, as the above mentioned, I
am overall convinced that once the governments enact a series of laws, rules and
regulations, individuals can probably have a change of heart.

There has been a heated discussion on whether the place where a person is brought up
affects his accomplishments. While it is possible to claim that hometown is of
significance, my view is that someones personality and capability is more important. In
this essay, I shall explain my point of view by analyzing the success of the famous actor,
producer and wrestler, Dwayne Johnson.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why native place is not a determinant of
success, but the obvious one lies in the fact that success mainly depends on hard work

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and efforts rather that where you were born and raised. It is evident in Dwaynes case,
who was brought up by a single mother in the slums but still turned out to be one of the
most influential person today. This is because that, although Dwayne faced more
hardship than others due to the poor background, he never gives up and continues to
pursue his dreams by working harder to get a successful career.

However, those who argue for birthplace effect have a different perspective, and believe
that environments, especially the original one, will definitely influence peoples future
achievements. As our brain development is the fastest in the early age, where we were
brought up and what we have experienced are very likely to affect our future life.
Specifically, while the children born in a sophisticated environment have more contact
and more information received, the children born in simple environment may have a
slower development because of the lack of resources.

In conclusion, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. As the above mentioned, I am
overall convinced that, in Dwayne Johnsons story, it is hard work and efforts that helped
him to be outstanding today.

There has been a heated discussion on whether printed newspapers will be replaced by
the free news online. While it is possible to claim that online information is of
convenience, my view is that paper-based newspapers also have their own advantages.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why prints are still indispensable to our life,
but the obvious one lies in the fact that a large number of people like to read newspaper
just out of habit. For example, a retired worker would rather buy an evening paper,
instead of wasting time to learn how to operate a computer. Moreover, some readers
prefer the special smell of a newly printed paper to computer screens which make their
heads spin. They want to see words in black and white, and keep them after reading, if
necessary. Furthermore, it should also be taken into account that while TV feasts our eyes
with flash pictures, paper versions provide us deeper insights into the events by
reasonable, forceful and well-written reports.

However, those who argue for the internet news have a different perspective, and they
believe that reading virtual newspapers online has its benefits which should not be
neglected. Specifically, television and internet have the advantages of promptness and
vividness. Through live broadcast on TV, viewers can feel that they are on the spot,
seeing what is happening with their own eyes. Besides, the information on the internet is
available just at a click and nearly at no cost.

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In conclusion, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Although there are strong
arguments for both sides, as the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that there is
still a necessity of printed newspapers.

There has been a heated discussion on what functions televisions serve nowadays. From
my perspective, television can be a good source of relaxation, education and
entertainment.

To begin with, there are numerous functions that televisions have, but the obvious one
lies in the fact that watching TV is an effective way to relax. By watching interesting
programs for a while, our stress and pressure after intense study and work can be
relieved. For example, without those TV shows, we would not have been allowed to view
the excited football matches and know the latest results in every country.

Furthermore, television programs, such as school learning program broadcasted on closed


circuit television, also bring more possibilities for education, especially in TV
universities and open universities. It offers a wide range of specialized projects such as
language learning, cooking, painting, sewing and so on. Due to televisions educational
functions, in introduces people to things that they have never heard of or thought of
before.

However, while some people believe that televisions are also good companions in our
life, some others disagree with this viewpoint, and claim that getting too attached to the
screens can cause many problems. On one hand, this sedentary lifestyle can cause people
to spend too much time unproductively, and may even lead to chronic diseases such as
obesity, diabetes and stroke. On the other hand, this bad habit may also cause people to
be anti- social which can affect their future life.

In conclusion, while it is possible to claim that televisions can benefit our life in various
ways, as above mentioned, I am overall convinced that their shortcoming should not be
neglected, and we should use them wisely in order to get maximum benefits.

There has been a heated discussion on whether the fierce competition in schools and
colleges can bring benefits to students. From my perspective, its disadvantages outweigh
its advantages.

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To begin with, there are numerous reasons why competitive environment is by no means
perfect, but the obvious one lies in the fact that facing the fierce competition in school,
teenagers are likely to be under huge pressure, which will possibly lead to psychological
problems. In other words, the extreme stress of study is harmful to their emotional well-
being. For example, some cases of students suicide are reported to be linked to heavy
academic pressure. Furthermore, this practice is also likely to affect students practical
abilities. Indeed, in the face of competitive pressure, it is academic performance that
students tend to pay attention to while the cultivation of comprehensive abilities could be
neglected.

However, those who argue for positive competition have a different viewpoint, and claim
that being forced to study hard by the competition has its bright side. As compared with
adults, majority of the youngsters are less self- disciplined. Once they are compelled to
concentrate on academic world, it is more possible to keep them away from distractions
such as TV plays and video games. As a result, their performance is expected to improve.

In conclusion, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. While it is possible to claim
that a competitive environment can improve academic performance at an early age, as the
above mentioned, I am overall convinced that the following potential problems should
deserve more attention.

There has been a heated discussion on whether travel should be considered a necessity of
a high quality education. While it is possible to claim that travel can be time and money
consuming, my view is that having a trip, if possible, can be very advantageous.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why we can benefit from travel, but the
obvious one lies in the fact that going travelling can expand horizons, broaden views and
enrich knowledge. In other words, by taking a tour, we are likely to get access to
traditions and customs which we have never thought of or heard of before. For example,
travelling to Australia gives us the opportunity to get to know the aboriginal people, who
can provide us windows into their communities, cultures and history. Without the tour,
we would not have been able to experienced such a different lifestyle.

However, those who argue for study tours have a different viewpoint, and believe that we
tend to spend too much time and money on travelling unproductively. Indeed, students
who study in school or at home can follow a strict and regular schedule, which benefits
their learning. As compared with them, students who choose to have a trip frequently
spend excessive amount of time and effort on travelling, which will, inevitably, influence
their academic performance.

In conclusion, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Although there are strong
arguments for both sides, as the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that, in face of

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the dynamic world, the potential benefits brought by travelling are expected to deserve
more attention.

There has been a heated discussion on whether people are likely to be bored by
competitive routine. While it is possible to claim that strict repetition can be boring, my
view is that it can help to improve efficiency.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why performing repetitive tasks can be
beneficial, but the obvious one lies in the fact that repetition improves proficiency of
work. To be specific, some people do prefer routine to creativity. For me, once I learn to
do my daily duties and become familiar with the procedures, I can do them well, and then
gain a strong sense of fulfilment and satisfaction. Furthermore, right habits can be created
by strict schedule. For example, if we can repetitively rise early in the morning and do
frequent exercise, we will gradually adapt to a healthier lifestyle.

However, those who argue for repetitive jobs haves a different perspective, and believe
that it can be disadvantageous to some extent. There is no doubt that lack of changes may
bring mental problems. In other words, repetitive tasks lead people to boredom, causing
them to become unmotivated to perform daily tasks. It is natural for people to become
less interested after repeating the same thing over and over, and therefore, we would
better have some proper changes in order not to lose interests.

In conclusion, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Although there are strong
arguments for both sides, as the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that the
advantages of a strict routine outweigh its disadvantages.

There has been a heated discussion on whether physical classrooms and teachers will be
substituted by internet teaching. While it is possible to claim that online education is of
much convenience, my view is that face-to-face communication is more important.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why physically attending school is essential
for students, but the obvious one lies in the fact that it can improve ones comprehensive
abilities. To be specific, teachers can adjust their teaching methods to best suit the
characteristics of students and cater to their needs, while computer can only deliver
knowledge and cannot communicate emotions. In addition to academic achievements,
students emotional and social development can be significantly improved by

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participating in extra-curricular activities in school. In essence, the experience and
functions of real schools and teachers cannot be replaced by simply receiving lectures
electronically on the internet.

However, those who argue for online learning have a different perspective, and believe
that internet can make our study easier. As we are living in a fast-changing world, it is
internet that can give us access to all the latest information and knowledge just at a click,
which is more convenient and effective as compared to teachers. Besides, online learning
programs also offer more flexible options for students who have special needs, such as
disabled and full-time workers. Without the help of computer, they would have lost the
opportunity to receive the education.

In conclusion, as the quotes says: every coin has two sides. Although there are strong
arguments for both sides, I am overall convinced that while internet learning is making
contribution to wider education receivers, the student- oriented education provided by
teachers can offer an environment for students overall abilities.

There has been a heated discussion on whether students can learn everything that the
professors teach in classes. While it is possible to claim that almost all knowledge can be
gained by appropriate methods and sufficient hard work, my view is that it is nearly
impossible for us to learn everything taught.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why remembering knowledge is so


challenging, but the obvious one lies in the fact that learning without practicing, by itself,
cannot help us to gain the knowledge taught. In other words, when students listen or read
something in the classroom, it is just listening or reading rather than real learning. In fact,
learning comes from practicing and making mistakes, and mistakes result from
implementation of the knowledge and skills. From my own experience, learning is just
like filling a basket with water. If we do not use the water immediately, more than ninety
percent of the water will leak out instantly.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Some others hold a different
viewpoint, and they believe that we are able to absorb everything got from the lectures in
a proper way. For example, finding a way to make learning fun for students can help our
brain remember things easily, and therefore, we no longer need to struggle to learn. After
all, without enthusiasm, people would not have applied their knowledge and skills to their
subject areas.

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In conclusion, although there are strong arguments for both sides, as the above
mentioned, I am overall convinced that people are unlikely to manage to learn everything
that they are taught unless those knowledge and skills can be practiced immediately in an
effective manner.

There has been a heated discussion on the fact that people tend to migrate from the
countryside to the large cities due to job reasons. From my perspective, there are both
negative and positive effects of this phenomenon.

To begin with, there are numerous problems that rural to urban migration can bring, but
the obvious one lies in the fact that it makes the cities overcrowding. The growing
population means less resources each one can get. To be specific, in labour market,
especially for labour intensive jobs, more workers push down the wages and form a more
competitive job market for both city dwellers and rural migrants.

Secondly, another consequence of such migration is its detrimental influence on rural


economy. Less works in rural areas will slow down the rural growth and bring an even
widened gap of economy in city and countryside.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Rural to urban migration pattern
can benefit individuals in terms of their career. As we all known, majority of job in
remote areas are based on agriculture which young people are not good at and not
interested in. As a result, those people choose to move to metropolises to get more job
opportunities. It is obvious that if they had remained in rural areas, they could not have
received a higher income.

To conclude, although the migration under employment pressure is understandable,


however, it might bring many problems such as crowded cities and underdeveloped
villages.

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There has been a heated discussion on whether the illiteracy should be assessed by
someones reading ability or by learning ability. From my own perspective, I strongly
agree with the viewpoint that it is learning ability that plays a crucial role.

To begin with, illiterate of people is defined as a state of not knowing how to read and
write. According to the definition, we may think that ones literacy is assessed by his
reading level. However, this is not the case. There are numerous reasons why learning
ability is more important, but the obvious one lies in the fact learning ability can
determine reading ability to a large extent. People who can read, but cannot learn,
possibly can only read. However, people who can learn but cannot read can learn how to
read, plus many other things.

Moreover, being able to read is not productive because having reading ability does not
mean that people can understand what they read. For example, when you read an annual
financial report, you can read every words on it, but you cannot understand. Without
sufficient learning ability, you would not be capable of using it to invest and get benefit.

To conclude, although its definition says that literacy or illiteracy is tested by reading
ability, however, from the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that it is learning
ability that should take priority.

There has been a heated discussion on whether ones success is mainly assessed by their
wealth. From my perspective, other more significant factors such as having enough
leisure time play a more vital role in ones life.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why free time is so important, but the obvious
one lies in the fact that adequate time for rest and relaxation can ensure a good health and
a sound physical condition is the basis for the success. More specifically, wealth, fame,
status will be of little meaning if one fails to ensure his health. From my own experience,
my uncle who is a successful enterpriser has a large sum of money. However, he does not
have any free time to enjoy life. He tells me that he is unhappy due to his deteriorating
health condition and huge mental pressure. If my uncle had enough leisure time, he
would live a better life.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Someone claims that working hard
to get economic achievement is a mark of success because it can make peoples life more

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enjoyable and comfortable. To be more specific, one can fulfill his many dreams such as
receiving fine education and travelling around the globe if he has deep pocket. Moreover,
economic success implies high social status, which can bring people a strong sense of
happiness and even earn respect from others.

To conclude, although success is closely related to someones works and occupational


targets, however, from the above mentioned, I am overall convinced that having valuable
free time is more significant than getting wealthy.

There has been a heated discussion on whether humans should spend more time and
money on doing space travel or dealing with existing questions we face on the earth.
From my perspective, this issue has both pros and cons and it should not be judged one-
sidedly.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why many people do not support space trip,
but the obvious one lies in the fact that it can be seen as a waste of time, money and
resources. It indeed requires a great deal of time and money to train people to carry out
research and experiment, to put research into practice, to sustain countless test failures.
Moreover, given the indefinite results of space travel, people may claim that it is more
effective and efficient to use the limited resources to solve the problems we now have on
earth rather than to waste on traveling into space. After all, earth is our home. As a
famous writer says, it is love and knowledge lead us to heavens, but pity bring us back to
earth.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Someone may claim that once the
space research findings are transformed into productivity, we will see the situation in a
different light. For example, Knowledge of other planets and stars may make the
colonization of space possible. At that time, the expenditure that seems so wasteful will
serve to expand and extend the scope of our human existence. Currently, the recent
research of space travel has demonstrated this trend clearly and forcefully.

To conclude, space travel can bring us many benefits in the future. However, from the
above mentioned, I am overall convinced that it truly takes a lot of time and money to
carry out space trip. If we had spent such money and time on the earth, we would have
seen more concrete results.

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There has been a heated discussion on whether the shortcomings of tourism outweigh its
merits. From my perspective, the negative effects of tourism on local environment and
culture cannot be ignored.

To begin with, there are several disadvantages that tourism can bring, but the obvious one
lies in the fact that it has disastrous effects on the local environment. As tourism is a
multibillion-dollar industry, many countries, especially those underdeveloped ones need
it to serve as an engine of economic growth. As a result, a large number of unsightly
artificial facilities have been or continue to be built in order to promote traveling
industry, with disastrous results. Moreover, many famous tourist attractions are flooded
with visitors who create and leave countless trash. From my own experience, after a party
held by some foreign visitors on the beach of Bali, there were many bottles, paper boxes,
plastic bags and other rubbish being left on the beach. It totally spoilt the beauty of the
nature.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Someone claims that tourism has
its advantages. It does help to shore up the local economy, which can bring new sources
of income for underdeveloped countries. Besides, tourism can also contribute to the
mutual understanding between nations and cultures by exposing tourist to local culture
and lifestyle.

To conclude, although tourism cannot be banned in underdeveloped countries due to the


economic benefits it can bring, however, I am overall convinced that those countries
should develop travel industry carefully to avoid its adverse impacts.

There has been heated discussion on what the biggest problems are worldwide. From my
perspective, traffic jam in heavily-populated cities can be one of those worst problems.

It has become common to see many cars having to wait in a long line and moving at a
snails speed on the road during the peak hours. To begin with, there are numerous

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reasons why traffic congestion in the most pressing issue, but the obvious one lies in the
fact that the numbers of vehicles in most countries are increasing very rapidly and hard to
control. It is mainly because we now too depend on private cars due to its convenience
and comfort. From my own experience, I always choose to drive my car to supermarket
rather than to take bus. However, my car usually only carries one or two people while it
occupies the half space of the bus does.

Given the seriousness of the traffic problems, some essential actions need to be taken to
deal with this issue. On the one hand, the government should invest more money in the
building of new road systems and the maintenance of the old ones, particularly those in
busy areas. On the other hand, new laws and regulations should be enacted to limit the
number of private cars on the road while encourage the use of public transportation. For
example, increasing the costs of driving cars, such as the price of petrol and toll, can be a
good solution to reduce their use.

To conclude, by taking the effective measures mentioned above, I am overall convinced


that it will not be long before the tough problem of traffic jam can be solved.

There has been a heated discussion on whether bosses and managers should include their
employees input during decision-making processes. From my perspective, this issue has
both pros and cons and it should not be judged one-sidedly.

To begin with, there are numerous reasons why employee involvement is beneficial, but
the obvious one lies in the fact that when making decision, compiling various ideas is
definitely better than just having one idea. This is because when various people with
various backgrounds contribute to the decision-making process, it would allow them to
exchange ideas and maybe produce a better result. For example, younger staffs may
prefer to perform work through digital applications instead of writing, which may
improve working efficiency. Therefore, top authorities should definitely consider their
employees suggestions when making decisions.

However, as the quote says: every coin has two sides. Someone may claim that there are
also disadvantages of this action. Workers are unlikely always to provide true feedbacks,
especially when they fear to lose their job or they desire to promote. To be specific,
employees, sometimes, tends to facilitate the decisions which are beneficial to themselves
rather than to the company.

To conclude, there is no doubt that the practice that employees participating in making
decisions has its shortcomings. However, as the above mentioned, I am overall convinced
that the benefits it can bring should also not be neglected.

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