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AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT

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AIRLINE TRANSPORT PILOT

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Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep About the Contributors
2017 Edition
Jackie Spanitz
Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc. Director of Curriculum Development
7005 132nd Place SE Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc.
Newcastle, Washington 98059-3153 Jackie Spanitz earned a bachelor of science degree with
425.235.1500 Western Michigan University (WMU), in Aviation Technology
www.asa2fly.com and OperationsPilot option. In her masters program at
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, she earned a degree in
2016 Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc. Aeronautical Science, specializing in Management. As Direc-
tor of Curriculum Development for ASA, Jackie oversees new
FAA Questions herein are from United States govern- and existing product development, ranging from textbooks
and flight computers to flight simulation software products,
ment sources and contain current information as of:
and integration of these products into new and existing cur-
June 2016
ricula. She provides technical support, research for product
None of the material in this publication supersedes development, and project management. Jackie holds pilot and
any documents, procedures or regulations issued by the instructor certificates and is the author of Guide to the Flight
Federal Aviation Administration. Review, Private Pilot Syllabus, Instrument Rating Syllabus,
ASA assumes no responsibility for any errors or and Commercial Pilot Syllabus. Jackie is the technical editor
omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages for ASAs Test Prep series.
resulting from the use of the information contained
herein. Tina Anderson
Associate Professor and Assistant Chair of Academics,
Important: This Test Prep should be sold with and used UND Aerospace
in conjunction with Computer Testing Supplement for University of North Dakota
Airline Transport Pilot and Aircraft Dispatcher (FAA-CT- Tina Anderson holds Airline Transport Pilot and Flight In-
8080-7C + Addendums A, B, C). structor certificates and has airline experience in the DC-9
ASA reprints the FAA test figures and legends and DHC-8 aircraft. She has a bachelor of science degree
contained within this government document, and it is in Aeronautical Studies, and a master of science degree in
also sold separately and available from aviation retailers Aviation from the University of North Dakota. Tina is involved
nationwide. Order #ASA-CT-8080-7CY. with Women in Aviation International and the Airline Pilots
Association.

ASA-TP-ATP-17 Jim Higgins


ISBN978-1-61954-359-1 Associate Professor of Aviation
University of North Dakota

Printed in the United States of America Jim Higgins is an Associate Professor of Aviation at the Uni-
versity of North Dakota (UND) where he teaches Advanced
2017 2016 5 4 3 2 1 Aircraft Operations, Transport Category Operations, and Crew
Resource Management. Prior to joining the faculty at UND, he
was a line pilot and Check airman at American Eagle Airlines.
Professor Higgins has accumulated over 4,000 hours of flight
time primarily in part Part 121 operations.

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ii ASA Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep


Contents

Instructions Chapter 2 Equipment, Navigation


Preface........................................................................v and Facilities
Updates and Practice Tests........................................vi Inoperative Equipment........................................... 23
Description of the Tests............................................. vii Pitot-Static Instruments......................................... 24
Knowledge Test Eligibility Requirements............... viii Electronic Flight Instruments............................... 210
Process for Taking a Knowledge Test.................... viii Safety of Flight Equipment.................................. 212
Use of Test Aids and Materials............................... xii Communications.................................................. 216
Retesting Procedures............................................ xiii Navigation Equipment......................................... 218
Cheating or Other Unauthorized Conduct............. xiii Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)..................... 223
Eligibility Requirements for the Long Range Navigation Systems........................ 229
Airline Transport Pilot Certificate....................... xiv Approach Systems.............................................. 231
Knowledge Exam References...................................xv GPS..................................................................... 238
ASA Test Prep Layout............................................... xvi Airport Lighting and Marking............................... 243
Approach Lighting................................................ 252

Chapter 1 Regulations
Applicable Regulations.......................................... 13 Chapter 3 Aerodynamics
The ATP Certificate............................................... 13 Lift and Drag.......................................................... 33
Flight Engineer Requirements............................... 18 Critical Engine and VMC ........................................ 37
Flight Attendants.................................................... 19 Maneuvering Flight................................................ 39
Experience and Training Requirements............... 110 Stability................................................................ 312
Part 135 Flight Crew Requirements.................... 118 High Speed Flight................................................ 313
Flight Crew Duty Time Limits............................... 127 Primary Flight Controls........................................ 317
Flight Duty Periods........................................... 128 Tabs..................................................................... 321
Dispatching and Flight Release........................... 136 High-Lift Devices................................................. 323
Fuel Requirements.............................................. 145 Helicopter Aerodynamics..................................... 325
Carriage of Passengers and Cargo..................... 149
Part 135 Carriage of Passengers and
Cargo Requirements.................................... 154 Chapter 4 Performance
Emergency Equipment and Operations............... 157 Engine Performance.............................................. 43
Part 135 Oxygen Requirements.......................... 169 Helicopter Systems................................................ 49
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)..... 175 Takeoff Performance Terminology....................... 410
Part 135 Regulations........................................... 177 Calculating V-Speeds.......................................... 415
Helicopter Regulations........................................ 193 CRJ200 V-Speeds............................................ 415
Q400 V-Speeds................................................ 415
B-737 V-Speeds............................................... 416
DC-9 V-Speeds................................................. 416
Calculating Takeoff Power................................... 422
Continued

Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep ASA iii


CRJ200 Takeoff Thrust Settings...................... 422 Landing................................................................ 638
Q400 Takeoff Power........................................ 422 Communications.................................................. 640
B-737 Takeoff EPR........................................... 422 Speed Adjustments............................................. 643
Climb Performance.............................................. 425 Holding................................................................ 644
CRJ200 Performance Tables........................... 425 Charts.................................................................. 651
Q400 Performance Tables............................... 426
Q400 Climb and Cruise Power Tables............. 426
B-737 Climb Performance Tables..................... 426 Chapter 7 Emergencies, Hazards,
B-737 Climb and Cruise Power Tables............. 426 and Flight Physiology
Cruise Performance............................................. 433 Flight Emergencies and Hazards.......................... 73
Landing Considerations....................................... 435 Flight Physiology................................................. 711
Landing Performance Tables and Graphs........... 439
Miscellaneous Performance................................ 446
Engine-Out Procedures....................................... 454 Chapter 8 Meteorology and Weather
Services
C208 Aircraft Performance.................................. 459
Cessna 208 Performance Tables......................... 465 The Atmosphere.................................................... 83
BE1900 Performance.......................................... 468 Weather Systems.................................................. 88
Helicopter Performance....................................... 482 Stability and Instability of Air................................ 811
Flight Planning Graphs and Tables...................... 491 Fog and Rain....................................................... 814
Typical Flight Logs............................................... 497 Thunderstorms.................................................... 816
Computation of Temperature Wind Shear.......................................................... 820
at Cruise Altitude ......................................... 497 Frost and Ice........................................................ 828
Computation of True Airspeed Icing.................................................................. 828
Using Mach Number.................................... 497 Hazards of Structural Icing............................... 829
Specific Range................................................. 498 Frost Formation................................................ 829
Turbulence........................................................... 837
Arctic and Tropical Weather Hazards................... 841
Chapter 5 Weight and Balance Aviation Routine Weather Report (METAR)......... 842
Center of Gravity Computation.............................. 53 The Weather Depiction Chart.............................. 846
Stabilizer Trim Setting.......................................... 510 The Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (TAF)............ 847
Changing Loading Conditions............................. 513 Enroute Forecasts............................................... 849
C208 Weight and Balance................................... 517 Surface Analysis and Constant Pressure Charts.852
Beech 1900 Weight and Balance........................ 518 Prognostic Charts................................................ 855
Helicopter Weight and Balance........................... 527 Reports and Forecasts of Hazardous Weather... 857
Helicopter Weight and Balance: CG Shifts.......... 528 PIREPs................................................................ 861
Helicopter Weight and Balance: Load Limits....... 530
Helicopter Weight and Balance: Lateral CG........ 532
Floor Loading Limits............................................ 533 Cross References
A: Question Number and Page Number.............. A1
B: Learning Statement Code and
Chapter 6 Flight Operations Question Number........................................ B1
Airspace................................................................. 63
NOTAMs (NOtices To AirMen)............................. 615
Items on the Flight Plan....................................... 616
Alternate Airport Planning................................... 619
ATC Clearances................................................... 623
Takeoff Procedures.............................................. 628
Instrument Approaches....................................... 630

iv ASA Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep


Updates and Practice Tests

Free Test Updates for the One-Year Life Cycle of Test Prep Books
The FAA rolls out new tests as needed throughout the year; this typically happens in June, October,
and February. The FAA exams are closed tests which means the exact database of questions is not
available to the public. ASA combines more than 60 years of experience with expertise in airman training
and certification tests to prepare the most effective test preparation materials available in the industry.
You can feel confident you will be prepared for your FAA Knowledge Exam by using the ASA Test
Preps. ASA publishes test books each June and keeps abreast of changes to the tests. These changes
are then posted on the ASA website as a Test Update.
Visit the ASA website before taking your test to be certain you have the most current information.
While there, sign up for ASAs free email Update service. We will then send you an email notification if
there is a change to the test you are preparing for so you can review the Update for revised and/or new
test information.
www.asa2fly.com/testupdate

We invite your feedback. After you take your official FAA exam, let us know how you did. Were you pre-
pared? Did the ASA products meet your needs and exceed your expectations? We want to continue to
improve these products to ensure applicants are prepared, and become safe aviators. Send feedback
to: cfi@asa2fly.com

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vi ASA Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep


ASA Test Prep Layout
The sample FAA questions have been sorted into chapters according to subject matter. Within
each chapter, the questions have been further classified and all similar questions grouped together with
a concise discussion of the material covered in each group. This discussion material of Chapter text
is printed in a larger font and spans the entire width of the page. Immediately following the sample FAA
Question is ASAs Explanation in italics. The last line of the Explanation contains the Learning Statement
Code and further reference (if applicable). See the EXAMPLE below.
Figures referenced by the Chapter text only are numbered with the appropriate chapter number,
i.e., Figure 1-1 is Chapter 1s first chapter-text figure.
Some Questions refer to Figures or Legends immediately following the question number, i.e.,
8201. (Refer to Figure 14.). These are FAA Figures and Legends which can be found in the separate
booklet: Computer Testing Supplement (CT-8080-XX). This supplement is bundled with the Test Prep
and is the exact material you will have access to when you take your computerized test. We provide it
separately, so you will become accustomed to referring to the FAA Figures and Legends as you would
during the test.
Figures referenced by the Explanation and pertinent to the understanding of that particular ques-
tion are labeled by their corresponding Question number. For example: the caption Questions 8245 and
8248 means the figure accompanies the Explanations for both Question 8245 and 8248.
Answers to each question are found at the bottom of each page.

EXAMPLE: Chapter text

Four aerodynamic forces are considered to be basic because they act upon an aircraft during all flight
maneuvers. There is the downward-acting force called WEIGHT which must be overcome by the
upward-acting force called LIFT, and there is the rearward-acting force called DRAG, which must be
overcome by the forward-acting force called THRUST.
Category rating. This question may
be found on tests for these ratings.*
ALL, ATM, ATS, DSP, RTC
8201. (Refer to Figure 14.) The four forces acting on an
See separate book: Computerized
airplane in flight are
Testing Supplement (CT-8080-XX)
A lift, weight, thrust, and drag.
B lift, weight, gravity, and thrust. Question and answer choices
C lift, gravity, power, and friction.

Lift, weight, thrust, and drag are the four basic Explanation
aerodynamic forces acting on an aircraft in flight.
(PLT235) FAA-H-8083-25
Answer (B) is incorrect because the force of gravity is always the same
number and reacts with the airplanes mass to produce a different
weight for almost every airplane. Answer (C) is incorrect because
weight is the final product of gravity, thrust is the final product of power,
and drag is the final product of friction. Power, gravity, and friction are
only parts of the aerodynamic forces of flight. Code line. FAA Learning Statement
Code in parentheses, followed by
references for further study.
Incorrect answer explanation. Reasons why
answer choices are incorrect explained here.

* Note: The FAA does not identify which questions are on the different ratings tests. Unless the wording of a question is pertinent to only one
rating category, it may be found on any of the tests.
ALL = All operations ATM = Multi-engine operations
ATS = Single-engine operations DSP = Dispatcher RTC = Rotorcraft

xvi ASA Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep


Chapter 1
Regulations
Applicable Regulations 13
The ATP Certificate 13
Flight Engineer Requirements 18
Flight Attendants 19
Experience and Training Requirements 110
Part 135 Flight Crew Requirements 118
Flight Crew Duty Time Limits 127
Flight Duty Periods 128
Dispatching and Flight Release 136
Fuel Requirements 145
Carriage of Passengers and Cargo 149
Part 135 Carriage of Passengers and Cargo Requirements 154
Emergency Equipment and Operations 157
Part 135 Oxygen Requirements 169
National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) 175
Part 135 Regulations 177
Helicopter Regulations 193

Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep ASA 11


Chapter 1 Regulations

Applicable Regulations
Although FAR is used as the acronym for Federal Aviation Regulations, and found throughout the
regulations themselves and hundreds of other publications, the FAA is now actively discouraging its use.
FAR also means Federal Acquisition Regulations. To eliminate any possible confusion, the FAA is
now citing the federal aviation regulations with reference to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
For example, FAR Part 91.3 is now referenced as 14 CFR Part 91 Section 3. The regulations change
frequently; answer all questions in compliance with the most current regulations.
Three different Federal Aviation Regulation Parts can apply to operations of aircraft covered by this
chapter: Parts 91, 121, and 135. Part 91 encompasses the general operation and flight rules for all aircraft
operating within the United States. Often the rules of Part 121 or 135 supplement or even supersede
Part 91. When an airplane is not operated for compensation, only the Part 91 rules apply. For the test,
assume Part 121 or 135 rules apply unless the question specifically states otherwise.
Part 121 applies to air carriers (airlines) engaged in interstate or overseas air transportation. Carriers
which operate under Part 121 engage in common carriage. This means that they offer their services
to the public and receive compensation for those services.
Part 121 operators are subdivided into three categories. Carriers authorized to conduct scheduled
operations within the 48 contiguous states are domestic air carriers. Flag air carriers conduct scheduled
operations inside and outside the 48 contiguous states. A supplemental carrier conducts its opera-
tions anywhere that its operations specifications permit but only on a nonscheduled basis. There is a
fourth category, commercial operators of large aircraft, but they must comply with the rules covering
supplemental carriers and the distinction is unimportant to this discussion.
Part 135 applies to air taxi operators. These operators are subdivided into two categories, commuter
and on-demand operations.
Other parts of the regulations apply as well. Part 61 governs certification of pilots and flight instruc-
tors. Part 67 covers the issuing and standards for medical certificates. Part 1 contains definitions and
abbreviations.

The ATP Certificate


All required flight crew of an air carrier flight must hold Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificates with the
appropriate type rating.
The pilot-in-command of a large aircraft (gross weight over 12,500 pounds) or of a turbojet powered
airplane must have a type rating from that aircraft issued under 14 CFR Part 61.
Any type rating(s) on the pilot certificate of an applicant who successfully completes an ATP check-
ride will be included on the ATP Certificate with the privileges and limitations of the ATP Certificate,
provided the applicant passes the checkride in the same category and class of aircraft for which the
applicant holds the type rating(s). However, if a type rating for that category and class of aircraft on the
superseded pilot certificate is limited to VFR, that limitation will be carried forward to the persons ATP
Certificate level.
An ATP certificate holder may give instruction in air transportation service in aircraft for which he/
she holds category, class and type ratings as an ATP. An ATP may not instruct more than 8 hours a day
and not more than 36 hours in any 7-day period.
If a persons pilot or medical certificate is lost or destroyed he/she can request the FAA to send a FAX
confirming that they were issued. This FAX can be used as a temporary replacement for the certificates
for up to 60 days.

Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep ASA 13


Chapter 1 Regulations

If a pilot certificate holder is convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the pilot
must report that conviction to the FAA, Civil Aviation Security Division within 60 days. Failure to do so is
grounds for suspending or revoking any pilot or flight instructor certificates held by that person.
A crewmember is a person assigned to duty in the aircraft during flight. This includes pilots, flight
engineers, navigators, flight attendants or anyone else assigned to duty in the airplane. A flight crew-
member is a pilot, flight engineer or flight navigator assigned to duty in the aircraft during flight.
No one may serve as a pilot on an air carrier after that person has reached his/her 65th birthday.
Note that this rule applies to any pilot position in the aircraft, but it does not apply to other flight crew
positions such as flight engineer or navigator. This is known as the Age 65 Rule.
To exercise ATP privileges (such as pilot-in-command of an air carrier flight), a pilot must hold a
First-Class Medical Certificate issued within the preceding (6 or 12) calendar months depending on
whether the applicant is over or under 40 years of age. To exercise commercial pilot privileges (e.g. flying
a parachute jump operation) a pilot must hold either a First- or Second-Class Medical Certificate within
the preceding (6 or 12) calendar months. For example, a First-Class Certificate issued in February to a
pilot over 40 years of age would be good anytime in February for ATP privileges through August 31 and
then good through the last day of February the next year for commercial pilot privileges.
A prerequisite for taking a practical test requires the applicant hold at least a current Third-Class
Medical Certificate, if a medical certificate is required. If the practical test is scheduled in an aircraft, the
applicant is required to have the Third-Class Medical Certificate. The applicant is not required to hold a
medical certificate when taking a test or check for a certificate, rating, or authorization conducted in a
flight simulator or flight training device.

ALL ALL
9350. Unless otherwise authorized, when is the pilot- 9350-1. The second-in-command of an aircraft in domes-
in-command required to hold a type rating? tic operation under 14 CFR 121 must hold
A When operating an aircraft that is certificated for A an airline transport pilot certificate and a first
more than one pilot. class medical.
B When operating an aircraft having a gross weight B an airline transport pilot certificate with an SIC
of more than 12,500 pounds. aircraft type rating.
C When operating a multiengine aircraft having a C a commercial pilot certificate with instrument
gross weight of more than 6,000 pounds. rating, a second-class medical, and a type rating
appropriate for the aircraft being flown.
A person must hold a type rating to act as pilot-in-
command of a large aircraft (over 12,500 pounds gross No certificate holder may use nor may any pilot act
takeoff weight), or of a turbojet-powered airplane. as second-in-command (SIC) unless the pilot holds
(PLT443) 14 CFR 61.31 an airline transport pilot certificate and an appropri-
Answer (A) is incorrect because an aircraft requiring more than one ate aircraft type rating for the aircraft being flown. A
pilot does not constitute the need for a type rating. Answer (C) is second-in-command type rating obtained under 61.55
incorrect because it does not matter if the aircraft is single-engine or does not satisfy these requirements. (PLT450) 14
multi-engine, and the aircraft must weigh over 12,500 lbs., not 6,000.
CFR 121.436

Answers
9350 [B] 9350-1 [B]

14 ASA Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep


Chapter 1 Regulations

ALL ALL
9328. A commercial pilot has a type rating in a B-727 9329-2. The lowest authorized ILS minimums associ-
and B-737. A flight test is completed in a B-747 for the ated with CAT II approaches are
Airline Transport Pilot Certificate. What pilot privileges A Decision Height (DH) 200 feet and Runway Visual
may be exercised regarding these airplanes? Range (RVR) 2,400 feet (with touchdown zone
A Commercial B-737; ATP B-727 and B-747. and centerline lighting, RVR 1,800 feet).
B ATP B-747; Commercial B-727 and B-737. B DH 100 feet and RVR 1,200 feet.
C ATP B-747, B-727, and B-737. C No DH or DH below 50 feet and RVR less than
700 feet but not less than 150 feet.
Any type rating(s) on the pilot certificate of an applicant
who successfully completes an ATP checkride will be Category I (CAT I) operation is a precision instrument
included on the ATP Certificate with the privileges and approach and landing with a decision altitude that is not
limitations of the ATP Certificate, provided the applicant lower than 200 feet (60 meters) above the threshold and
passes the checkride in the same category and class of with either a visibility of not less than 1/2 statute mile
aircraft for which the applicant holds the type rating(s). (800 meters), or a runway visual range of not less than
However, if a type rating for that category and class of 1,800 feet (550 meters). Category II (CAT II) operation
aircraft on the superseded pilot certificate is limited to is a precision instrument approach and landing with a
VFR, that limitation shall be carried forward to the per- decision height lower than 200 feet (60 meters), but
sons ATP Certificate level. (PLT443)14 CFR 61.157 not lower than 100 feet (30 meters), and with a runway
visual range of not less than 1,200 feet (350 meters).
Category III (CAT III) operation is a precision instrument
ALL approach and landing with a decision height lower than
9329. A commercial pilot has DC-3 and DC-9 type rat- 100 feet (30 meters) or no DH, and with a runway visual
ings. A flight test is completed for an Airline Transport range less than 1200 feet (350 meters). (PLT442)
Pilot Certificate in a B-727. What pilot privileges may FAA-H-8083-16
be exercised?
A ATP B-727 and DC-3; Commercial DC-9.
ALL
B ATP B-727 only; Commercial DC-9 and DC 3.
C ATP B-727, DC-3, and DC-9. 9330. In a 24-hour consecutive period, what is the
maximum time, excluding briefing and debriefing, that
Any type rating(s) on the pilot certificate of an applicant an airline transport pilot may instruct other pilots in air
who successfully completes an ATP checkride will be transportation service?
included on the ATP Certificate with the privileges and A 6 hours.
limitations of the ATP Certificate, provided the applicant B 8 hours.
passes the checkride in the same category and class of C 10 hours.
aircraft for which the applicant holds the type rating(s).
However, if a type rating for that category and class of An airline transport pilot may instruct other pilots in air
aircraft on the superseded pilot certificate is limited to transportation service in aircraft of the category, class
VFR, that limitation shall be carried forward to the per- and type for which he/she is rated. However, the ATP
sons ATP Certificate level. (PLT442) 14 CFR 61.157 may not instruct for more than 8 hours in one day nor
more than 36 hours in any 7-day period. (PLT460) 14
CFR 61.167
ALL
9329-1. The lowest CAT II minimums are
ALL
A DH 100 and RVR 1200.
B DH 150 and RVR 1600. 9331. The flight instruction of other pilots in air transpor-
C DH 50 and RVR 1200. tation service by an airline transport pilot is restricted to
A 30 hours in any 7-consecutive-day period.
A Category II or Category III pilot authorization is issued B 7 hours in any 24-consecutive-hour period.
by a letter of authorization as part of an applicants instru- C 36 hours in any 7-consecutive-day period.
ment rating or ATP certificate. Upon original issue, the
authorization contains the following limitations: for Cat- The ATP may not instruct for more than 8 hours in
egory II operations, the limitation is 1,600 feet RVR and one day nor more than 36 hours in any 7-day period.
a 150-foot decision height. (PLT442) 14 CFR 61.13 (PLT460) 14 CFR 61.167

Answers
9328 [C] 9329 [C] 9329-1 [B] 9329-2 [B] 9330 [B] 9331 [C]

Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep ASA 15


Chapter 1 Regulations

ALL ALL
9351. When a facsimile replacement is received for an 9349. When a type rating is to be added to an airline
airmans medical certificate, for what maximum time is transport pilot certificate, and the practical test is sched-
this document valid? uled in an approved flight simulator and an aircraft, the
A 30 days. applicant is
B 60 days. A required to have a least a current third-class
C 90 days. medical certificate.
B required to have a current first-class medical
A person who has lost an Airmans Certificate or a Medi- certificate.
cal Certificate, or both, may obtain a FAX from the FAA C not required to hold a medical certificate.
confirming that it was issued. The FAX may be carried
as temporary certificate(s) for a period not to exceed A prerequisite for taking a practical test requires that
60 days. (PLT447) 14 CFR 61.29 the applicant hold at least a current third-class medical
certificate, if a medical certificate is required. In this case,
since part of the practical test is scheduled in an aircraft,
ALL the applicant is required to have at least a current third-
9332. How soon after the conviction for driving while class medical certificate. (PLT427) 14 CFR 61.39
intoxicated by alcohol or drugs shall it be reported to
the FAA, Civil Aviation Security Division?
ALL
A No later than 30 working days after the motor
vehicle action. 9335. An applicant who is taking a practical test for a
B No later than 60 days after the motor vehicle type rating to be added to a commercial pilot certificate,
action. in an approved simulator, is
C Required to be reported upon renewal of medical A required to have a first-class medical certificate.
certificate. B required to have a second-class medical
certificate.
Each person holding a certificate issued under this part C not required to have a medical certificate.
shall provide a written report of each motor vehicle action
to the FAA, Civil Aviation Security Division, no later than A prerequisite for taking a practical test requires that
60 days after the motor vehicle action. (PLT463) 14 the applicant hold at least a current third-class medi-
CFR 61.15 cal certificate, if a medical certificate is required. The
applicant is not required to hold a medical certificate
when taking a test or check for a certificate, rating, or
ALL authorization conducted in a flight simulator or flight
9325. Which is a definition of the term crewmember? training device. In this case, since the practical test is
A Only a pilot, flight engineer, or flight navigator scheduled in an approved flight simulator, the applicant
assigned to duty in an aircraft during flight time. is not required to have a medical certificate. (PLT427)
B A person assigned to perform duty in an aircraft 14 CFR 61.39, 61.23
during flight time.
C Any person assigned to duty in an aircraft during
flight except a pilot or flight engineer.

Crewmember means a person assigned to perform duty


in an aircraft during flight time. (PLT395) 14 CFR 1.1
Answer (A) is incorrect because crewmember pertains to anyone
assigned duty in the aircraft during flight. Answer (C) is also incorrect
because crewmember also includes the pilot and flight engineer.

Answers
9351 [B] 9332 [B] 9325 [B] 9349 [A] 9335 [C]

16 ASA Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep


Chapter 1 Regulations

ALL ALL
9333. An applicant who is scheduled for a practical test 9340. An applicant who is scheduled for a practical test
for an airline transport pilot certificate, in an approved for an airline transport pilot certificate, in an aircraft,
flight simulator, is needs
A required to have at least a current third-class A a first-class medical certificate.
medical certificate. B at least a current third-class medical certificate.
B not required to have a medical certificate. C a second-class medical certificate.
C required to have a first-class medical certificate.
A prerequisite for taking a practical test requires that
A prerequisite for taking a practical test requires that the the applicant hold at least a current third-class medical
applicant hold at least a current third-class medical cer- certificate, if a medical certificate is required. In this
tificate, if a medical certificate is required. The applicant case, since the practical test is scheduled in an aircraft,
is not required to hold a medical certificate when taking the applicant is required to have at least a current third-
a test or check for a certificate, rating, or authorization class medical certificate. (PLT427) 14 CFR 61.39
conducted in a flight simulator or flight training device.
In this case, since the practical test is scheduled in an
approved flight simulator, the applicant is not required to ATM, DSP
have a medical certificate. (PLT427) 14 CFR 61.39 8191. The age 65 rule of 14 CFR Part 121 applies to
and 61.23 A any required pilot crewmember.
B any flight crewmember.
C the pilot in command only.
ALL
9343. When a type rating is to be added to an airline No person may serve as a pilot on an airplane engaged
transport pilot certificate, and the practical test is sched- in operations under 14 CFR Part 121 if that person has
uled in an approved flight training device and/or approved reached his/her 65th birthday. (PLT443) 14 CFR
flight simulator, the applicant is 121.383
A required to have at least a third-class medical Answer (B) is incorrect because the age 65 rule excludes flight
certificate. engineers and navigators. Answer (C) is incorrect because the age
65 rule applies to every pilot crewmember.
B is not required to have a medical certificate.
C required to have a first-class medical certificate.

A prerequisite for taking a practical test requires that the


applicant hold at least a current third-class medical cer-
tificate, if a medical certificate is required. The applicant
is not required to hold a medical certificate when taking
a test or check for a certificate, rating, or authorization
conducted in a flight simulator or flight training device.
In this case, since the practical test is scheduled in an
approved flight training device and/or approved flight
simulator, the applicant is not required to have a medical
certificate. (PLT427) 14 CFR 61.39, 61.23

Answers
9333 [B] 9343 [B] 9340 [B] 8191 [A]

Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep ASA 17


Chapter 1 Regulations

Flight Engineer Requirements


Many air carrier aircraft have a flight engineer as a required flight crewmember. All older airplanes that
have a maximum takeoff weight of more than 80,000 pounds must have a flight engineer. On aircraft
types certified after 1963, the aircrafts type certificate states whether or not a flight engineer is required.
On each flight that requires a flight engineer, at least one other member of the flight crew must be quali-
fied to provide emergency performance of the flight engineers duties if he/she becomes ill or incapacitated.
Either pilot can fulfill the function and they need not hold a Flight Engineer Certificate to be qualified.

ATM, DSP ATM, DSP


8189. Under which condition is a flight engineer required 8212. An air carrier uses an airplane that is certified for
as a flight crewmember in 14 CFR Part 121 operations? operation with a flightcrew of two pilots and one flight engi-
A If the airplane is being flown on proving flights, neer. In case the flight engineer becomes incapacitated,
with revenue cargo aboard. A at least one other flight crewmember must be
B If the airplane is powered by more than two qualified to perform the flight engineer duties.
turbine engines. B one crewmember must be qualified to perform the
C If required by the airplanes type certificate. duties of the flight engineer.
C one pilot must be qualified and have a flight
No certificate holder may operate an airplane for which engineer certificate to perform the flight engineer
a type certificate was issued before January 2, 1964, duties.
having a maximum certificated takeoff weight of more
than 80,000 pounds without a flight crewmember holding On each flight requiring a flight engineer at least one
a current Flight Engineer Certificate. For each airplane flight crewmember, other than the flight engineer, must
type certificated after January 1, 1964, the requirement be qualified to provide emergency performance of the
for a flight engineer is determined under the type cer- flight engineers functions for the safe completion of the
tification requirements of 14 CFR 25.1523. (PLT409) flight if the flight engineer becomes ill or is otherwise
14 CFR 121.387 incapacitated. A pilot need not hold a Flight Engineers
Answer (A) is incorrect because the type certificate is the determin- Certificate to perform the flight engineers functions in
ing factor for a flight engineer. Answer (B) is incorrect because the such a situation. (PLT440) 14 CFR 121.385
type certificate is the determining factor for a flight engineer.

ATM, DSP
ATM, DSP 8213. When a flight engineer is a required crewmember
8190. When the need for a flight engineer is determined on a flight, it is necessary for
by aircraft weight, what is the takeoff weight that requires
a flight engineer? A one pilot to hold a flight engineer certificate and
be qualified to perform the flight engineer duties
A 80,000 pounds. in an emergency.
B more than 80,000 pounds. B the flight engineer to be properly certificated
C 300,000 pounds. and qualified, but also at least one other flight
crewmember must be qualified and certified to
No certificate holder may operate an airplane for which perform flight engineer duties.
a type certificate was issued before January 2, 1964, C at least one other flight crewmember to be
having a maximum certificated takeoff weight of more qualified to perform flight engineer duties, but a
than 80,000 pounds without a flight crewmember hold- certificate is not required.
ing a current Flight Engineer Certificate. (PLT440) 14
CFR 121.387 On each flight requiring a flight engineer at least one
flight crewmember, other than the flight engineer, must
be qualified to provide emergency performance of the
flight engineers functions for the safe completion of the
flight if the flight engineer becomes ill or is otherwise
incapacitated. A pilot need not hold a Flight Engineers
Certificate to perform the flight engineers functions in
such a situation. (PLT440) 14 CFR 121.385
Answers
8189 [C] 8190 [B] 8212 [A] 8213 [C]

18 ASA Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep


Chapter 1 Regulations

ATM, DSP On each flight requiring a flight engineer at least one


8188. If a flight engineer becomes incapacitated during flight crewmember, other than the flight engineer, must
flight, who may perform the flight engineers duties? be qualified to provide emergency performance of the
A The second in command only. flight engineers functions for the safe completion of the
B Any flight crewmember, if qualified. flight if the flight engineer becomes ill or is otherwise
C Either pilot, if they have a flight engineer certificate. incapacitated. A pilot need not hold a Flight Engineers
Certificate to perform the flight engineers functions in
such a situation. (PLT440) 14 CFR 121.385

Flight Attendants
One or more flight attendants are required on each passenger carrying airplane operating under Part
121 that has more than nine passenger seats. The number of flight attendants is determined by the
number of installed passenger seats not by the actual number of passengers on board.
One flight attendant is required on airplanes that can seat from 10 through 50 passengers. Two
flight attendants are required on airplanes having a seating capacity from 51 through 100 seats. After
that, an additional flight attendant is required for each unit (or partial unit) of 50 seats above 100. For
example, three flight attendants are required on airplanes having from 101 through 150 seats, and four
flight attendants must be on aircraft with 151 through 200 seats.

ATM, DSP For airplanes having a seating capacity of more than


8192. An airplane has seats for 149 passengers and 100 passengers, each certificate holder shall provide
eight crewmembers. What is the minimum number of at least two flight attendants plus one additional flight
flight attendants required with 97 passengers aboard? attendant for a unit (or partial unit) of 50 passenger
A Four. seats above a seating capacity of 100 passengers. The
B Three. number of flight attendants is determined by the number
C Two. of installed passenger seats (not by the actual number
of passengers on board). For an airplane with a seating
For airplanes having a seating capacity of more than capacity of 187 passengers, four flight attendants are
100 passengers, each certificate holder shall provide required. (PLT389) 14 CFR 121.391
at least two flight attendants plus one additional flight
attendant for a unit (or partial unit) of 50 passenger
seats above a seating capacity of 100 passengers. The ATM, DSP
number of flight attendants is determined by the number 8201. What is the minimum number of flight attendants
of installed passenger seats (not by the actual number required on an airplane having a passenger seating
of passengers on board). For an airplane with a seating capacity of 188 with only 117 passengers aboard?
capacity of 149 passengers, three flight attendants are A Five.
required. (PLT389) 14 CFR 121.391 B Four.
C Three.

ATM, DSP For airplanes having a seating capacity of more than


8193. When an air carrier airplane with a seating capac- 100 passengers, each certificate holder shall provide
ity of 187 has 137 passengers on board, what is the at least two flight attendants plus one additional flight
minimum number of flight attendants required? attendant for a unit (or partial unit) of 50 passenger
A Five. seats above a seating capacity of 100 passengers. The
B Four. number of flight attendants is determined by the number
C Three. of installed passenger seats (not by the actual number
of passengers on board). For an airplane with a seating
capacity of 188 passengers, four flight attendants are
required. (PLT389) 14 CFR 121.391

Answers
8188 [B] 8192 [B] 8193 [B] 8201 [B]

Airline Transport Pilot Test Prep ASA 19


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