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MODEL FORMATIF DAN MODEL REFLEKTIF

DALAM LISREL 9.30 STUDENT EDITION

Oleh :

Abdullah M. Jaubah

Pendahuluan

Indikator-indikator formatif dianggap hanya dimiliki oleh Partial Least Squares saja oleh
beberapa peneliti dan beberapa akademisi sedangkan Lisrel dianggap tidak memiliki
indikator-indikator formatif dan hanya memiliki indikator-indikator reflektif.

Penulis kemudian melakukan penelitian untuk membuktikan kebenaran atau ketidakbenaran


gagasan tersebut sesuai dengan kaidah-kaidah penelitian ilmiah dengan cara menjalankan
semua contoh yang terdapat dalam Lisrel 9.30 Student Edition. Hasil penelitian ini
membuktikan ketidakbenaran gagasan dari para peneliti dan dari para akademisi tersebut
karena Lisrel juga mengandung indikator-indikator formatif. Ketidakbenaran gagasan
tersebut telah dianut pula oleh para mahasiswa dan hal ini tercermin dalam beberapa skripsi,
tesis, dan disertasi yang telah memakai Partial Least Squares.

Model Mimic dalam Lisrel 9.30 Student Edition

Model Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) melibatkan


pemakaian variabel-variabel laten yang diprediksi oleh variabel-variabel
manifes, variabel-variabel indikator, atau variabel-variabel yang dapat
diobservasi dan dapat diukur secara langsung.

Hal ini mencerminkan bahwa perumusan model persamaan pengukuran dan perumusan
model persamaan struktural tergantung pada arah hubungan antara variabel laten dan
variabel-variabel manifes bersangkutan. Pemodelan persamaan struktural dapat dilakukan
atas dasar model pengukuran reflektif, pemodelan pengukuran formatiif, dan model
pengukuran kombinasi antara pemodelan formatif dan pemodelan reflektif yang dikenal
sebagai model Mimic. Lisrel lebih banyak memakai model reflektif daripada pemakaian
model formatif akan tetapi hal ini tidak berarti bahwa Lisrel tidak dapat dipakai untuk model
formatif. Ketidakbenaran telah dialami oleh Imam Ghozali yang telah mengutip gagasan dari
Chin (1998) dan Thompson (1995) yang menyatakan bahwa Lisrel dan beberapa program
SEM yang lain hanya dapat menghandle indikator reflektif ini. Imam Ghozali telah mengutip

1
gagasan ini tanpa penelitian mendalam mengenai Lisrel sendiri sehigga ketidakbenaran ini
tersebar di Indonesia. Imam Ghozali lebih lanjut menyatakan :Namun, kita harus dapat
membedakan antara indikator reflektif dan formative indicators (indikator formatif) yang
hanya dapat digunakan dengan metode Partial Least Squares (PLS). Kritik atas pernyataan
dari Imam Ghozali ini adalah sebagai berikut : Indikator-indikator formatif bukan hanya
dapat digunakan dengan metode Partial Least Squares (PLS) saja akan tetapi dapat juga
dipakai dengan metode yang terkandung dalam Lisrel.

Ananda Sabil Hussein (2015) dalam Modul Ajar Penelitian Bisnis dan Manajemen
Menggunakan Partial Least Squares (PLS) dengan smartPLS 3.0, menyatakan bahwa Untuk
melakukan analisa dengan menggunakan CBSEM maka software yang sering digunakan
adalah AMOS dan LISREL sedangkan untuk PLS software yang sering digunakan adalah
smartPLS, warpPLS dan XLStat.

Ananda Sabil Hussein kemudian menyatakan bahwa Dari sisi konstruk, CBSEM hanya
dapat mengakomodir konstruk yang berbentuk reflektif. Sedangkan PLS dapat
mengakomododir baik formatif maupun reflektif.

Hal ini berarti bahwa Lisrel hanya dapat mengakomodir konstruk yang berbentuk reflektif dan
tidak dapat mengakomodir konstruk yang berbentuk formatif. Gagasan ini serupa dengan
gagasan dari Imam Ghozali yang mencerminkan ketidakbenaran serupa. Ketidakbenaran
serupa masih terdapat dalam beberapa pembahasan mengenai Pemodelan Persamaan
Struktural dengan Partial Least Squares.

Pembuktian Ketidakbenaran

Lisrel dapat dipakai untuk melaksanakan model formatif dan model reflektif secara terpadu
atau terintegrasi. Integrasi antara model formatif dan model reflektif tercermin dalam model
Mimic (Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes) adalah model dalam Lisrel 9.30 Student Edition
yang mencerminkan integrasi antara model formatif dan model reflektif ke dalam satu model
tunggal. Contoh-contoh ini mencakup contoh sintaksis Lisrel, Contoh sintaksis Simplis, hasil
pelaksanaan sintaksis Lisrel, hasil pelaksanaan sintaksis Simplis termasuk diagam jalur
bersangkutan. Interpretasi tidak dilakukan di sini karena penyajian ini dilakukan untuk

2
membuktikan ketidakbenaran tersebut di atas. Contoh model formatif dan model reflektif
disajikan di bawah ini :
Contoh Kesatu
Contoh ini diambil dari Lisrel karena untuk membuktikan bahwa Lisrel dapat dipakai untuk
melaksanakan model formatif dan model reflektif.
TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\TUTORIAL\USAA.DSF'
Sample Size = 1076
Latent Variables Efficacy Respons
Relationships
COMPLEX = Efficacy
NOCARE = Efficacy Respons
NOSAY = Efficacy
TOUCH = Respons
INTEREST = Respons
Respons = Efficacy
Efficacy = GENDER LEFTRIGH EDUCAT AGE
Respons = GENDER LEFTRIGH EDUCAT AGE
Path Diagram
End of Problem

Hasil Pelaksanaan Sintaksis Simplis

DATE: 5/ 6/2017
TIME: 0:33

L I S R E L 9.30 (STUDENT)

BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2017


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.

The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\TUTORIAL\USAA2.spj:

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\TUTORIAL\USAA.DSF'
Sample Size = 1076
Latent Variables Efficacy Respons
Relationships
COMPLEX = Efficacy
NOCARE = Efficacy Respons
NOSAY = Efficacy
TOUCH = Respons
INTEREST = Respons
Respons = Efficacy
Efficacy = GENDER LEFTRIGH EDUCAT AGE
Respons = GENDER LEFTRIGH EDUCAT AGE
Path Diagram
End of Problem

3
Sample Size = 1076

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Correlation Matrix

NOSAY COMPLEX NOCARE TOUCH INTEREST GENDER


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
NOSAY 1.000
COMPLEX 0.310 1.000
NOCARE 0.590 0.420 1.000
TOUCH 0.394 0.304 0.651 1.000
INTEREST 0.477 0.330 0.666 0.683 1.000
GENDER -0.002 -0.113 -0.027 0.015 0.012 1.000
LEFTRIGH 0.067 -0.080 0.024 0.020 -0.013 0.006
EDUCAT 0.210 0.321 0.229 0.171 0.151 -0.041
AGE 0.049 -0.060 0.011 0.060 0.044 0.043

Correlation Matrix

LEFTRIGH EDUCAT AGE


-------- -------- --------
LEFTRIGH 1.000
EDUCAT -0.132 1.000
AGE 0.255 -0.192 1.000

Total Variance = 9.000 Generalized Variance = 0.100

Largest Eigenvalue = 3.086 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.285

Condition Number = 3.293

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Number of Iterations = 11

LISREL Estimates (Robust Maximum Likelihood)

Measurement Equations

NOSAY = 0.686*Efficacy, Errorvar.= 0.530 , R = 0.470


Standerr (0.0604)
Z-values 8.780
P-values 0.000

COMPLEX = 0.512*Efficacy, Errorvar.= 0.738 , R = 0.262


Standerr (0.0461) (0.0500)
Z-values 11.093 14.770
P-values 0.000 0.000

NOCARE = 0.545*Efficacy + 0.378*Respons, Errorvar.= 0.243 , R = 0.757


Standerr (0.0951) (0.0879) (0.0457)
Z-values 5.724 4.296 5.322
P-values 0.000 0.000 0.000

TOUCH = 0.810*Respons, Errorvar.= 0.345 , R = 0.655


Standerr (0.0518)
Z-values 6.651
P-values 0.000

INTEREST = 0.843*Respons, Errorvar.= 0.290 , R = 0.710


Standerr (0.0390) (0.0558)
Z-values 21.609 5.194
P-values 0.000 0.000

Structural Equations

Efficacy = - 0.0508*GENDER + 0.0681*LEFTRIGH + 0.363*EDUCAT + 0.0532*AGE, Errorvar.= 0.869 ,


R = 0.131
Standerr (0.0360) (0.0627) (0.0650) (0.153) (0.100)
Z-values -1.410 1.085 5.587 0.347 8.687
P-values 0.159 0.278 0.000 0.728 0.000

4
Respons = 0.808*Efficacy + 0.0617*GENDER - 0.0489*LEFTRIGH - 0.0911*EDUCAT + 0.0516*AGE,
Errorvar.= 0.389 , R = 0.611
Standerr (0.0820) (0.0317) (0.0807) (0.0428) (0.0810)
(0.0811)
Z-values 9.861 1.942 -0.606 -2.129 0.637
4.801
P-values 0.000 0.052 0.545 0.033 0.524
0.000

NOTE: R for Structural Equations are Hayduk's (2006) Blocked-Error R

Reduced Form Equations

Efficacy = - 0.0508*GENDER + 0.0681*LEFTRIGH + 0.363*EDUCAT + 0.0532*AGE, Errorvar.= 0.869,


R = 0.131
Standerr (0.0360) (0.0627) (0.0651) (0.153)
Z-values -1.409 1.085 5.584 0.347
P-values 0.159 0.278 0.000 0.728

Respons = 0.0206*GENDER + 0.00610*LEFTRIGH + 0.203*EDUCAT + 0.0946*AGE, Errorvar.= 0.957, R


= 0.0429
Standerr (0.0370) (0.112) (0.0604) (0.0945)
Z-values 0.558 0.0546 3.357 1.001
P-values 0.577 0.956 0.001 0.317

Correlation Matrix of Independent Variables

GENDER LEFTRIGH EDUCAT AGE


-------- -------- -------- --------
GENDER 1.000
(0.030)
32.802

LEFTRIGH 0.006 1.000


(0.029) (0.030)
0.200 32.802

EDUCAT -0.041 -0.132 1.000


(0.010) (0.041) (0.030)
-4.006 -3.203 32.802

AGE 0.043 0.255 -0.192 1.000


(0.258) (1.044) (0.372) (0.030)
0.167 0.245 -0.516 32.802

Covariance Matrix of Latent Variables

Efficacy Respons GENDER LEFTRIGH EDUCAT AGE


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Efficacy 1.000
Respons 0.771 1.000
GENDER -0.063 0.016 1.000
LEFTRIGH 0.033 0.004 0.006 1.000
EDUCAT 0.346 0.183 -0.041 -0.132 1.000
AGE -0.001 0.058 0.043 0.255 -0.192 1.000

Log-likelihood Values

Estimated Model Saturated Model


--------------- ---------------
Number of free parameters(t) 30 45
-2ln(L) 7302.488 7207.650
AIC (Akaike, 1974)* 7362.488 7297.650
BIC (Schwarz, 1978)* 7511.918 7521.795

*LISREL uses AIC= 2t - 2ln(L) and BIC = tln(N)- 2ln(L)

Goodness-of-Fit Statistics

Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C3) 15


Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square (C1) 94.838 (P = 0.0000)
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT) 93.678 (P = 0.0000)

5
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NNT) 55.008 (P = 0.0000)
Satorra-Bentler (1988) Scaled Chi-Square (C3) 62.435 (P = 0.0000)
Satorra-Bentler (1988) Adjusted Chi-Square (C4) 51.714 (P = 0.0000)
Degrees of Freedom for C4 12.424

Estimated Non-centrality Parameter (NCP) 79.838


90 Percent Confidence Interval for NCP (52.761 ; 114.417)

Minimum Fit Function Value 0.0881


Population Discrepancy Function Value (F0) 0.0742
90 Percent Confidence Interval for F0 (0.0490 ; 0.106)
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0.0703
90 Percent Confidence Interval for RMSEA (0.0572 ; 0.0842)
P-Value for Test of Close Fit (RMSEA < 0.05) 0.00616

Expected Cross-Validation Index (ECVI) 0.144


90 Percent Confidence Interval for ECVI (0.119 ; 0.176)
ECVI for Saturated Model 0.0836
ECVI for Independence Model 2.318

Chi-Square for Independence Model (36 df) 2476.350

Normed Fit Index (NFI) 0.975


Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI) 0.953
Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI) 0.406
Comparative Fit Index (CFI) 0.981
Incremental Fit Index (IFI) 0.981
Relative Fit Index (RFI) 0.939

Critical N (CN) 527.538

Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) 0.0346


Standardized RMR 0.0346
Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) 0.981
Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) 0.943
Parsimony Goodness of Fit Index (PGFI) 0.327

The Modification Indices Suggest to Add an Error Covariance


Between and Decrease in Chi-Square New Estimate
TOUCH NOSAY 24.6 -0.12
INTEREST NOSAY 17.3 0.11
GENDER COMPLEX 10.5 -0.09
LEFTRIGH COMPLEX 9.7 -0.09
EDUCAT COMPLEX 42.3 0.20

Time used 0.265 seconds

6
Contoh Kedua
Model Formatif yang dipakai di sini adalah sebagai berikut :

Model reflektif yang dipakai di sini adalah sebagai berikut :

Contoh ini merupakan contoh mengenai status sosial dan partisipasi sosial. Sintaksis Lisrel
dipakai di sini. Sintaksis Lisrel ini adalah sebagai berikut :
Social Status and Participation
DA NI=6 NO=530 MA=KM
LA
INCOME OCCUPATION EDUCATION CHURCHAT MEMBERSH FRIENDS
KM FI=EX54.COR
SE
4 5 6 1 2 3
MO NY=3 NE=1 NX=3 FI LY=FR
LE
AMBITION
FI LY(1)
VA 1 LY(1)
PD
OU

Hasil Pelaksanaan Sintaksis Lisrel

7
Hasil pelaksanaan sintaksis Lisrel adalah sebagai berikut :

DATE: 5/ 5/2017
TIME: 23:39

L I S R E L 9.30 (STUDENT)

BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2017


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.

The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX54.LPJ:

TI Social Status and Participation


!DA NI=6 NO=530 MA=CM
SY='C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX54.DSF'
SE
4 5 6 1 2 3 /
MO NX=3 NY=3 NE=1 GA=FI PS=SY TE=SY
LE
SOCPAR
FI PH(2,1) PH(3,1) PH(3,2)
FR LY(2,1) LY(3,1) GA(1,1) GA(1,2) GA(1,3)
VA 1 LY(1,1)
VA 0.30 PH(2,1)
VA 0.30 PH(3,1)
VA 0.34 PH(3,2)
PD
OU

TI Social Status and Participation

Number of Input Variables 6


Number of Y - Variables 3
Number of X - Variables 3
Number of ETA - Variables 1
Number of KSI - Variables 3
Number of Observations 530

TI Social Status and Participation

Covariance Matrix

CHURCHAT MEMBERSH FRIENDS INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
CHURCHAT 1.000
MEMBERSH 0.360 1.000
FRIENDS 0.210 0.265 1.000
INCOME 0.100 0.284 0.176 1.000
OCCUPATI 0.156 0.192 0.136 0.304 1.000
EDUCATIO 0.158 0.324 0.226 0.305 0.344 1.000

Total Variance = 6.000 Generalized Variance = 0.498

Largest Eigenvalue = 2.198 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.543

Condition Number = 2.012

TI Social Status and Participation

Parameter Specifications

8
LAMBDA-Y

SOCPAR
--------
CHURCHAT 0
MEMBERSH 1
FRIENDS 2

GAMMA

INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- --------
SOCPAR 3 4 5

PHI

INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- --------
6 7 8

PSI

SOCPAR
--------
9

THETA-EPS

CHURCHAT MEMBERSH FRIENDS


-------- -------- --------
10 11 12

TI Social Status and Participation

Number of Iterations = 8

LISREL Estimates (Maximum Likelihood)

LAMBDA-Y

SOCPAR
--------
CHURCHAT 1.000

MEMBERSH 1.579
(0.235)
6.718

FRIENDS 0.862
(0.143)
6.035

GAMMA

INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- --------
SOCPAR 0.108 0.045 0.155
(0.028) (0.026) (0.031)
3.821 1.728 4.938

Covariance Matrix of ETA and KSI

SOCPAR INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- -------- --------
SOCPAR 0.217
INCOME 0.169 1.000
OCCUPATI 0.132 0.304 1.000
EDUCATIO 0.204 0.305 0.344 1.000

PHI

INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO

9
-------- -------- --------
INCOME 1.000
(0.053)
18.841

OCCUPATI 0.304 1.000


(0.052)
19.349

EDUCATIO 0.305 0.344 1.000


(0.052)
19.361

PSI

SOCPAR
--------
0.161
(0.037)
4.353

Squared Multiple Correlations for Structural Equations

SOCPAR
--------
0.258

THETA-EPS

CHURCHAT MEMBERSH FRIENDS


-------- -------- --------
0.783 0.459 0.839
(0.057) (0.075) (0.058)
13.621 6.102 14.526

Squared Multiple Correlations for Y - Variables

CHURCHAT MEMBERSH FRIENDS


-------- -------- --------
0.217 0.541 0.161

W_A_R_N_I_N_G: THETA-DELTA is not positive definite

Squared Multiple Correlations for X - Variables

INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- --------
1.000 1.000 1.000

Log-likelihood Values

Estimated Model Saturated Model


--------------- ---------------
Number of free parameters(t) 12 21
-2ln(L) 2822.510 2809.988
AIC (Akaike, 1974)* 2846.510 2851.988
BIC (Schwarz, 1978)* 2897.784 2941.718

*LISREL uses AIC= 2t - 2ln(L) and BIC = tln(N)- 2ln(L)

Goodness-of-Fit Statistics

Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C2) 9


Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square (C1) 12.522 (P = 0.1855)
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT) 12.045 (P = 0.2108)

Estimated Non-centrality Parameter (NCP) 3.522


90 Percent Confidence Interval for NCP (0.0 ; 17.033)

Minimum Fit Function Value 0.0236


Population Discrepancy Function Value (F0) 0.00664
90 Percent Confidence Interval for F0 (0.0 ; 0.0321)
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0.0272

10
90 Percent Confidence Interval for RMSEA (0.0 ; 0.0598)
P-Value for Test of Close Fit (RMSEA < 0.05) 0.857

Expected Cross-Validation Index (ECVI) 0.0689


90 Percent Confidence Interval for ECVI (0.0623 ; 0.0944)
ECVI for Saturated Model 0.0792
ECVI for Independence Model 0.721

Chi-Square for Independence Model (15 df) 370.012

Normed Fit Index (NFI) 0.966


Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI) 0.983
Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI) 0.580
Comparative Fit Index (CFI) 0.990
Incremental Fit Index (IFI) 0.990
Relative Fit Index (RFI) 0.944

Critical N (CN) 916.328

Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) 0.0256


Standardized RMR 0.0256
Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) 0.992
Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) 0.982
Parsimony Goodness of Fit Index (PGFI) 0.425

Time used 0.109 seconds

Penciptaan Sintaksis Simplis

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
Social Status and Participation (SOCPAR)
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX54.DSF'
Sample Size = 530
Latent Variables SOCPAR
Relationships
CHURCHAT = 1.00*SOCPAR
MEMBERSH = SOCPAR
FRIENDS = SOCPAR
SOCPAR = INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO
Path Diagram
End of Problem

Hasil Pelaksanaan Sintaksis Simplis

11
DATE: 5/ 5/2017
TIME: 23:47

L I S R E L 9.30 (STUDENT)

BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2017


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.

The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX54.SPJ:

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
Social Status and Participation (SOCPAR)
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX54.DSF'
Sample Size = 530
Latent Variables SOCPAR
Relationships
CHURCHAT = 1.00*SOCPAR
MEMBERSH = SOCPAR
FRIENDS = SOCPAR
SOCPAR = INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO
Path Diagram
End of Problem

Sample Size = 530

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Covariance Matrix

CHURCHAT MEMBERSH FRIENDS INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
CHURCHAT 1.000
MEMBERSH 0.360 1.000
FRIENDS 0.210 0.265 1.000
INCOME 0.100 0.284 0.176 1.000
OCCUPATI 0.156 0.192 0.136 0.304 1.000
EDUCATIO 0.158 0.324 0.226 0.305 0.344 1.000

Total Variance = 6.000 Generalized Variance = 0.498

Largest Eigenvalue = 2.198 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.543

Condition Number = 2.012

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Number of Iterations = 8

LISREL Estimates (Maximum Likelihood)

Measurement Equations

CHURCHAT = 1.000*SOCPAR, Errorvar.= 0.783 , R = 0.217


Standerr (0.0576)
Z-values 13.608
P-values 0.000

MEMBERSH = 1.579*SOCPAR, Errorvar.= 0.459 , R = 0.541


Standerr (0.235) (0.0753)

12
Z-values 6.711 6.096
P-values 0.000 0.000

FRIENDS = 0.862*SOCPAR, Errorvar.= 0.839 , R = 0.161


Standerr (0.143) (0.0578)
Z-values 6.029 14.512
P-values 0.000 0.000

Structural Equations

SOCPAR = 0.108*INCOME + 0.0453*OCCUPATI + 0.155*EDUCATIO, Errorvar.= 0.161 , R = 0.258


Standerr (0.0283) (0.0262) (0.0315) (0.0370)
Z-values 3.821 1.728 4.938 4.353
P-values 0.000 0.084 0.000 0.000

Correlation Matrix of Independent Variables

INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- --------
INCOME 1.000
(0.061)
16.279

OCCUPATI 0.304 1.000


(0.045) (0.061)
6.696 16.279

EDUCATIO 0.305 0.344 1.000


(0.045) (0.046) (0.061)
6.716 7.489 16.279

Covariance Matrix of Latent Variables

SOCPAR INCOME OCCUPATI EDUCATIO


-------- -------- -------- --------
SOCPAR 0.217
INCOME 0.169 1.000
OCCUPATI 0.132 0.304 1.000
EDUCATIO 0.204 0.305 0.344 1.000

Log-likelihood Values

Estimated Model Saturated Model


--------------- ---------------
Number of free parameters(t) 15 21
-2ln(L) 2822.510 2809.988
AIC (Akaike, 1974)* 2852.510 2851.988
BIC (Schwarz, 1978)* 2916.603 2941.718

*LISREL uses AIC= 2t - 2ln(L) and BIC = tln(N)- 2ln(L)

Goodness-of-Fit Statistics

Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C2) 6


Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square (C1) 12.522 (P = 0.0513)
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT) 12.045 (P = 0.0610)

Estimated Non-centrality Parameter (NCP) 6.522


90 Percent Confidence Interval for NCP (0.0 ; 20.752)

Minimum Fit Function Value 0.0236


Population Discrepancy Function Value (F0) 0.0123
90 Percent Confidence Interval for F0 (0.0 ; 0.0392)
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0.0453
90 Percent Confidence Interval for RMSEA (0.0 ; 0.0808)
P-Value for Test of Close Fit (RMSEA < 0.05) 0.532

Expected Cross-Validation Index (ECVI) 0.0802


90 Percent Confidence Interval for ECVI (0.0679 ; 0.107)
ECVI for Saturated Model 0.0792
ECVI for Independence Model 0.721

13
Chi-Square for Independence Model (15 df) 370.012

Normed Fit Index (NFI) 0.966


Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI) 0.954
Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI) 0.386
Comparative Fit Index (CFI) 0.982
Incremental Fit Index (IFI) 0.982
Relative Fit Index (RFI) 0.915

Critical N (CN) 711.252

Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) 0.0256


Standardized RMR 0.0256
Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) 0.992
Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) 0.974
Parsimony Goodness of Fit Index (PGFI) 0.284

Time used 0.109 seconds

Contoh Ketiga Sintaksis Simplis

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
Stepwise Regression for Werner Blood Chemistry Data
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX42.DSF'
Sample Size = 180
Relationships
CHOLEST = AGE HEIGHT WEIGHT BIRTHPIL ALBUMIN CALCIUM URICACID
Path Diagram
Method of Estimation: Generalized Least Squares
End of Problem

Hasil Pelaksanaan Sintaksis Simplis

DATE: 5/ 5/2017
TIME: 23:53

L I S R E L 9.30 (STUDENT)

BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

14
This program is published exclusively by
Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2017


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.

The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX42.SPJ:

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
Stepwise Regression for Werner Blood Chemistry Data
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX42.DSF'
Sample Size = 180
Relationships
CHOLEST = AGE HEIGHT WEIGHT BIRTHPIL ALBUMIN CALCIUM URICACID
Path Diagram
Method of Estimation: Generalized Least Squares
End of Problem

Sample Size = 180

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Covariance Matrix

CHOLEST AGE HEIGHT WEIGHT BIRTHPIL ALBUMIN


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
CHOLEST 1857.015
AGE 154.514 97.978
HEIGHT 1.220 2.192 6.161
WEIGHT 128.106 51.804 24.093 420.242
BIRTHPIL 1.965 0.279 0.204 0.823 0.251
ALBUMIN 0.882 -0.280 -0.005 -1.725 -0.042 0.129
CALCIUM 5.149 -0.040 0.168 0.627 -0.015 0.077
URICACID 13.130 2.314 0.349 6.977 0.009 0.012

Covariance Matrix

CALCIUM URICACID
-------- --------
CALCIUM 0.224
URICACID 0.088 1.257

Total Variance = 2383.257 Generalized Variance = 1320398.320

Largest Eigenvalue = 1882.556 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.073

Condition Number = 160.164

WARNING: The Condition Number indicates severe multicollinearity.

One or more variables may be redundant.

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Number of Iterations = 0

LISREL Estimates (Generalized Least Squares)

Structural Equations

CHOLEST = 1.411*AGE - 1.885*HEIGHT + 0.0827*WEIGHT + 8.587*BIRTHPIL - 0.383*ALBUMIN +


22.666*CALCIUM + 6.268*URICACID,
Standerr (0.303) (1.345) (0.176) (5.975) (9.643) (6.993)
(2.745)
Z-values 4.663 -1.402 0.469 1.437 -0.0398 3.241
2.284
P-values 0.000 0.161 0.639 0.151 0.968 0.001
0.022

Errorvar.= 1415.144, R = 0.238


Standerr (152.157)
Z-values 9.301

15
P-values 0.000

Covariance Matrix of Independent Variables

AGE HEIGHT WEIGHT BIRTHPIL ALBUMIN CALCIUM


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
AGE 97.978
(10.535)
9.301

HEIGHT 2.192 6.161


(1.875) (0.662)
1.169 9.301

WEIGHT 51.804 24.093 420.242


(15.922) (4.280) (45.185)
3.254 5.629 9.301

BIRTHPIL 0.279 0.204 0.823 0.251


(0.378) (0.096) (0.783) (0.027)
0.739 2.129 1.051 9.301

ALBUMIN -0.280 -0.005 -1.725 -0.042 0.129


(0.271) (0.068) (0.575) (0.014) (0.014)
-1.033 -0.074 -3.000 -2.990 9.301

CALCIUM -0.040 0.168 0.627 -0.015 0.077 0.224


(0.356) (0.090) (0.739) (0.018) (0.014) (0.024)
-0.112 1.862 0.848 -0.830 5.427 9.301

URICACID 2.314 0.349 6.977 0.009 0.012 0.088


(0.862) (0.213) (1.826) (0.043) (0.031) (0.041)
2.685 1.637 3.821 0.211 0.392 2.152

Covariance Matrix of Independent Variables

URICACID
--------
URICACID 1.257
(0.135)
9.301

Covariance Matrix of Latent Variables

CHOLEST AGE HEIGHT WEIGHT BIRTHPIL ALBUMIN


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
CHOLEST 1857.015
AGE 154.514 97.978
HEIGHT 1.220 2.192 6.161
WEIGHT 128.106 51.804 24.093 420.242
BIRTHPIL 1.965 0.279 0.204 0.823 0.251
ALBUMIN 0.882 -0.280 -0.005 -1.725 -0.042 0.129
CALCIUM 5.149 -0.040 0.168 0.627 -0.015 0.077
URICACID 13.130 2.314 0.349 6.977 0.009 0.012

Covariance Matrix of Latent Variables

CALCIUM URICACID
-------- --------
CALCIUM 0.224
URICACID 0.088 1.257

Goodness-of-Fit Statistics

Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C2) 0


Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT) 0.0 (P = 1.0000)

The Model is Saturated, the Fit is Perfect !

Time used 0.125 seconds

16
Contoh Keempat Sintaksis Lisrel

Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model with BE(2,1) = BE(1,2) and PS(2,1) = 0


DA NI=10 NO=329
LA FI=EX55.LAB
KM FI=EX55.COR
SELECT
4 5 10 9 2 1 3 8 6 7
MO NY=4 NE=2 NX=6 FIXED-X BE=FU
LE
Reambitn Bfambitn
FR LY(2,1) LY(3,2) BE(1,2)
FI GA(5)-GA(8)
VA 1 LY(1) LY(8)
EQ BE(1,2) BE(2,1)
PD
OU SS

Hasil Pelaksanaan Sintaksis Lisrel

DATE: 5/ 6/2017
TIME: 0:04

L I S R E L 9.30 (STUDENT)

BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by


Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2017


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.

17
The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX55A.lis:

Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model with BE(2,1) = BE(1,2) and PS(2,1) = 0


DA NI=10 NO=329
LA FI=EX55.LAB
KM FI=EX55.COR
SELECT
4 5 10 9 2 1 3 8 6 7
MO NY=4 NE=2 NX=6 FIXED-X BE=FU
LE
Reambitn Bfambitn
FR LY(2,1) LY(3,2) BE(1,2)
FI GA(5)-GA(8)
VA 1 LY(1) LY(8)
EQ BE(1,2) BE(2,1)
PD
OU SS

Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model with BE(2,1) = BE(1,2) and PS(2,1) = 0

Number of Input Variables 10


Number of Y - Variables 4
Number of X - Variables 6
Number of ETA - Variables 2
Number of KSI - Variables 6
Number of Observations 329

Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model with BE(2,1) = BE(1,2) and PS(2,1) = 0

Covariance Matrix

REOCCASP RE EDASP BF EDASP BFOCCASP REPARASP REINTGCE


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
REOCCASP 1.000
RE EDASP 0.625 1.000
BF EDASP 0.327 0.367 1.000
BFOCCASP 0.422 0.328 0.640 1.000
REPARASP 0.214 0.274 0.112 0.084 1.000
REINTGCE 0.410 0.404 0.290 0.260 0.184 1.000
RESOCIEC 0.324 0.405 0.305 0.279 0.049 0.222
BFSOCIEC 0.293 0.241 0.410 0.361 0.019 0.186
BFINTGCE 0.299 0.286 0.519 0.501 0.078 0.336
BFPARASP 0.076 0.070 0.278 0.199 0.115 0.102

Covariance Matrix

RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- --------
RESOCIEC 1.000
BFSOCIEC 0.271 1.000
BFINTGCE 0.230 0.295 1.000
BFPARASP 0.093 -0.044 0.209 1.000

Total Variance = 10.000 Generalized Variance = 0.0701

Largest Eigenvalue = 3.604 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.286

Condition Number = 3.552

Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model with BE(2,1) = BE(1,2) and PS(2,1) = 0

Parameter Specifications

LAMBDA-Y

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
REOCCASP 0 0
RE EDASP 1 0
BF EDASP 0 2
BFOCCASP 0 0

BETA

Reambitn Bfambitn

18
-------- --------
Reambitn 0 3
Bfambitn 3 0

GAMMA

REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Reambitn 4 5 6 7 0 0
Bfambitn 0 0 8 9 10 11

PSI

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
12 13

THETA-EPS

REOCCASP RE EDASP BF EDASP BFOCCASP


-------- -------- -------- --------
14 15 16 17

Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model with BE(2,1) = BE(1,2) and PS(2,1) = 0

Number of Iterations = 6

LISREL Estimates (Maximum Likelihood)

LAMBDA-Y

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
REOCCASP 1.000 - -

RE EDASP 1.061 - -
(0.089)
11.910

BF EDASP - - 1.074
(0.081)
13.335

BFOCCASP - - 1.000

BETA

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
Reambitn - - 0.180
(0.039)
4.610

Bfambitn 0.180 - -
(0.039)
4.610

GAMMA

REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Reambitn 0.164 0.254 0.221 0.077 - - - -
(0.039) (0.042) (0.042) (0.041)
4.234 6.076 5.290 1.865

Bfambitn - - - - 0.068 0.218 0.331 0.152


(0.039) (0.039) (0.041) (0.036)
1.771 5.540 8.045 4.188

Covariance Matrix of ETA and KSI

Reambitn Bfambitn REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC

19
-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Reambitn 0.588
Bfambitn 0.330 0.595
REPARASP 0.240 0.094 1.000
REINTGCE 0.393 0.253 0.184 1.000
RESOCIEC 0.357 0.282 0.049 0.222 1.000
BFSOCIEC 0.255 0.374 0.019 0.186 0.271 1.000
BFINTGCE 0.260 0.489 0.078 0.336 0.230 0.295
BFPARASP 0.105 0.237 0.115 0.102 0.093 -0.044

Covariance Matrix of ETA and KSI

BFINTGCE BFPARASP
-------- --------
BFINTGCE 1.000
BFPARASP 0.209 1.000

PHI

REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
REPARASP 1.000

REINTGCE 0.184 1.000

RESOCIEC 0.049 0.222 1.000

BFSOCIEC 0.019 0.186 0.271 1.000

BFINTGCE 0.078 0.336 0.230 0.295 1.000

BFPARASP 0.115 0.102 0.093 -0.044 0.209 1.000

PSI
Note: This matrix is diagonal.

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
0.281 0.229
(0.046) (0.039)
6.068 5.903

Squared Multiple Correlations for Structural Equations

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
0.489 0.589

NOTE: R for Structural Equatios are Hayduk's (2006) Blocked-Error R

Reduced Form

REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Reambitn 0.169 0.262 0.241 0.121 0.062 0.028
(0.040) (0.043) (0.042) (0.041) (0.015) (0.009)
4.239 6.136 5.698 2.954 4.085 3.119

Bfambitn 0.030 0.047 0.112 0.240 0.342 0.157


(0.010) (0.012) (0.038) (0.040) (0.042) (0.037)
3.140 3.837 2.938 5.993 8.131 4.193

Squared Multiple Correlations for Reduced Form

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
0.476 0.572

THETA-EPS

REOCCASP RE EDASP BF EDASP BFOCCASP


-------- -------- -------- --------
0.412 0.338 0.313 0.404
(0.051) (0.052) (0.046) (0.046)

20
8.086 6.530 6.862 8.778

Squared Multiple Correlations for Y - Variables

REOCCASP RE EDASP BF EDASP BFOCCASP


-------- -------- -------- --------
0.588 0.662 0.686 0.596

W_A_R_N_I_N_G: THETA-DELTA is not positive definite

Squared Multiple Correlations for X - Variables

REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000

Log-likelihood Values

Estimated Model Saturated Model


--------------- ---------------
Number of free parameters(t) 17 55
-2ln(L) 2442.321 2415.341
AIC (Akaike, 1974)* 2476.321 2525.341
BIC (Schwarz, 1978)* 2540.854 2734.124

*LISREL uses AIC= 2t - 2ln(L) and BIC = tln(N)- 2ln(L)

Goodness-of-Fit Statistics

Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C2) 17


Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square (C1) 26.981 (P = 0.0584)
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT) 26.239 (P = 0.0702)

Estimated Non-centrality Parameter (NCP) 9.981


90 Percent Confidence Interval for NCP (0.0 ; 28.217)

Minimum Fit Function Value 0.0820


Population Discrepancy Function Value (F0) 0.0303
90 Percent Confidence Interval for F0 (0.0 ; 0.0858)
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0.0422
90 Percent Confidence Interval for RMSEA (0.0 ; 0.0710)
P-Value for Test of Close Fit (RMSEA < 0.05) 0.635

Expected Cross-Validation Index (ECVI) 0.313


90 Percent Confidence Interval for ECVI (0.283 ; 0.368)
ECVI for Saturated Model 0.334
ECVI for Independence Model 2.719

Chi-Square for Independence Model (45 df) 874.659

Normed Fit Index (NFI) 0.969


Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI) 0.968
Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI) 0.366
Comparative Fit Index (CFI) 0.988
Incremental Fit Index (IFI) 0.988
Relative Fit Index (RFI) 0.918

Critical N (CN) 407.173

Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) 0.0203


Standardized RMR 0.0203
Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) 0.984
Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) 0.949
Parsimony Goodness of Fit Index (PGFI) 0.304

Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model with BE(2,1) = BE(1,2) and PS(2,1) = 0

Standardized Solution

LAMBDA-Y

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
REOCCASP 0.767 - -

21
RE EDASP 0.813 - -
BF EDASP - - 0.828
BFOCCASP - - 0.771

BETA

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
Reambitn - - 0.181
Bfambitn 0.179 - -

GAMMA

REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Reambitn 0.213 0.331 0.288 0.101 - - - -
Bfambitn - - - - 0.089 0.283 0.429 0.197

Correlation Matrix of ETA and KSI

Reambitn Bfambitn REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Reambitn 1.000
Bfambitn 0.559 1.000
REPARASP 0.312 0.122 1.000
REINTGCE 0.513 0.328 0.184 1.000
RESOCIEC 0.466 0.366 0.049 0.222 1.000
BFSOCIEC 0.332 0.484 0.019 0.186 0.271 1.000
BFINTGCE 0.339 0.634 0.078 0.336 0.230 0.295
BFPARASP 0.136 0.307 0.115 0.102 0.093 -0.044

Correlation Matrix of ETA and KSI

BFINTGCE BFPARASP
-------- --------
BFINTGCE 1.000
BFPARASP 0.209 1.000

PSI
Note: This matrix is diagonal.

Reambitn Bfambitn
-------- --------
0.478 0.385

Regression Matrix ETA on X (Standardized)

REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
Reambitn 0.221 0.342 0.315 0.157 0.080 0.037
Bfambitn 0.039 0.061 0.145 0.311 0.443 0.204

Time used 0.203 seconds

22
Contoh Kelima Sintaksis Simplis
TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model Completely Symmetric between Respondent
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX55B.DSF'
Sample Size = 329
Latent Variables REAMBITN BFAMBITN
Relationships
REOCCASP = 1.00*REAMBITN
'RE EDASP' = REAMBITN
'BF EDASP' = BFAMBITN
BFOCCASP = 1.00*BFAMBITN
REAMBITN = BFAMBITN
BFAMBITN = REAMBITN
REAMBITN = REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC
BFAMBITN = RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP
Set the Path from BFAMBITN to 'BF EDASP' and the Path from REAMBITN to 'RE EDASP' Equal
Set the Path from REAMBITN to BFAMBITN and the Path from BFAMBITN to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from BFPARASP to BFAMBITN and the Path from REPARASP to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from BFINTGCE to BFAMBITN and the Path from REINTGCE to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from BFSOCIEC to BFAMBITN and the Path from RESOCIEC to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from RESOCIEC to BFAMBITN and the Path from BFSOCIEC to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Error Variance of BFAMBITN and the Error Variance of REAMBITN Equal
Set the Error Variance of BFOCCASP and the Error Variance of REOCCASP Equal
Set the Error Variance of 'BF EDASP' and the Error Variance of 'RE EDASP' Equal
Path Diagram
End of Problem

Hasil Pelaksanaan Sintaksis Simplis

DATE: 5/ 6/2017
TIME: 0:11

L I S R E L 9.30 (STUDENT)

BY

Karl G. Jreskog & Dag Srbom

This program is published exclusively by

23
Scientific Software International, Inc.
http://www.ssicentral.com

Copyright by Scientific Software International, Inc., 1981-2017


Use of this program is subject to the terms specified in the
Universal Copyright Convention.

The following lines were read from file C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX55B.SPJ:

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah
Peer Influencies on Ambition: Model Completely Symmetric between Respondent
SYSTEM FILE from file 'C:\LISREL9 Student Examples\LISEX\EX55B.DSF'
Sample Size = 329
Latent Variables REAMBITN BFAMBITN
Relationships
REOCCASP = 1.00*REAMBITN
'RE EDASP' = REAMBITN
'BF EDASP' = BFAMBITN
BFOCCASP = 1.00*BFAMBITN
REAMBITN = BFAMBITN
BFAMBITN = REAMBITN
REAMBITN = REPARASP REINTGCE RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC
BFAMBITN = RESOCIEC BFSOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP
Set the Path from BFAMBITN to 'BF EDASP' and the Path from REAMBITN to 'RE EDASP' Equal
Set the Path from REAMBITN to BFAMBITN and the Path from BFAMBITN to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from BFPARASP to BFAMBITN and the Path from REPARASP to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from BFINTGCE to BFAMBITN and the Path from REINTGCE to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from BFSOCIEC to BFAMBITN and the Path from RESOCIEC to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Path from RESOCIEC to BFAMBITN and the Path from BFSOCIEC to REAMBITN Equal
Set the Error Variance of BFAMBITN and the Error Variance of REAMBITN Equal
Set the Error Variance of BFOCCASP and the Error Variance of REOCCASP Equal
Set the Error Variance of 'BF EDASP' and the Error Variance of 'RE EDASP' Equal
Path Diagram
End of Problem

Sample Size = 329

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Covariance Matrix

REOCCASP RE EDASP BFOCCASP BF EDASP REINTGCE REPARASP


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
REOCCASP 1.000
RE EDASP 0.625 1.000
BFOCCASP 0.422 0.328 1.000
BF EDASP 0.327 0.367 0.640 1.000
REINTGCE 0.410 0.404 0.260 0.290 1.000
REPARASP 0.214 0.274 0.084 0.112 0.184 1.000
RESOCIEC 0.324 0.405 0.279 0.305 0.222 0.049
BFINTGCE 0.299 0.286 0.501 0.519 0.336 0.078
BFPARASP 0.076 0.070 0.199 0.278 0.102 0.115
BFSOCIEC 0.293 0.241 0.361 0.410 0.186 0.019

Covariance Matrix

RESOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP BFSOCIEC


-------- -------- -------- --------
RESOCIEC 1.000
BFINTGCE 0.230 1.000
BFPARASP 0.093 0.209 1.000
BFSOCIEC 0.271 0.295 -0.044 1.000

Total Variance = 10.000 Generalized Variance = 0.0701

Largest Eigenvalue = 3.604 Smallest Eigenvalue = 0.286

Condition Number = 3.552

TI Abdullah M. Jaubah

Number of Iterations = 6

LISREL Estimates (Maximum Likelihood)

24
Measurement Equations

REOCCASP = 1.000*REAMBITN, Errorvar.= 0.408 , R = 0.590


Standerr (0.0343)
Z-values 11.869
P-values 0.000

RE EDASP = 1.067*REAMBITN, Errorvar.= 0.326 , R = 0.672


Standerr (0.0604) (0.0345)
Z-values 17.677 9.440
P-values 0.000 0.000

BFOCCASP = 1.000*BFAMBITN, Errorvar.= 0.408 , R = 0.594


Standerr (0.0343)
Z-values 11.869
P-values 0.000

BF EDASP = 1.067*BFAMBITN, Errorvar.= 0.326 , R = 0.676


Standerr (0.0604) (0.0345)
Z-values 17.677 9.440
P-values 0.000 0.000

Structural Equations

REAMBITN = 0.179*BFAMBITN + 0.292*REINTGCE + 0.158*REPARASP + 0.222*RESOCIEC + 0.0730*BFSOCIEC, Errorvar.= 0.257 ,


Standerr (0.0391) (0.0291) (0.0264) (0.0292) (0.0296) (0.0306)
Z-values 4.591 10.036 5.994 7.612 2.466 8.405
P-values 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.014 0.000

R = 0.533

BFAMBITN = 0.179*REAMBITN + 0.0730*RESOCIEC + 0.292*BFINTGCE + 0.158*BFPARASP + 0.222*BFSOCIEC, Errorvar.= 0.257 ,


Standerr (0.0391) (0.0296) (0.0291) (0.0264) (0.0292) (0.0306)
Z-values 4.591 2.466 10.036 5.994 7.612 8.405
P-values 0.000 0.014 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

R = 0.540

NOTE: R for Structural Equations are Hayduk's (2006) Blocked-Error R

Reduced Form Equations

REAMBITN = 0.302*REINTGCE + 0.163*REPARASP + 0.243*RESOCIEC + 0.0541*BFINTGCE +


0.0293*BFPARASP + 0.117*BFSOCIEC
Standerr (0.0294) (0.0271) (0.0285) (0.0125) (0.00796)
(0.0272)
Z-values 10.266 6.018 8.532 4.336 3.682
4.278
P-values 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.000

REAMBITN = , Errorvar.= 0.283, R = 0.518


Standerr
Z-values
P-values

BFAMBITN = 0.0541*REINTGCE + 0.0293*REPARASP + 0.117*RESOCIEC + 0.302*BFINTGCE +


0.163*BFPARASP + 0.243*BFSOCIEC
Standerr (0.0125) (0.00796) (0.0272) (0.0294) (0.0271)
(0.0285)
Z-values 4.336 3.682 4.278 10.266 6.018
8.532
P-values 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.000

BFAMBITN = , Errorvar.= 0.283, R = 0.526


Standerr
Z-values
P-values

Correlation Matrix of Independent Variables

REINTGCE REPARASP RESOCIEC BFINTGCE BFPARASP BFSOCIEC


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
REINTGCE 1.000

25
(0.078)
12.826

REPARASP 0.184 1.000


(0.056) (0.078)
3.281 12.826

RESOCIEC 0.222 0.049 1.000


(0.056) (0.055) (0.078)
3.931 0.886 12.826

BFINTGCE 0.336 0.078 0.230 1.000


(0.058) (0.055) (0.057) (0.078)
5.769 1.414 4.069 12.826

BFPARASP 0.102 0.115 0.093 0.209 1.000


(0.055) (0.055) (0.055) (0.056) (0.078)
1.842 2.067 1.681 3.706 12.826

BFSOCIEC 0.186 0.019 0.271 0.295 -0.044 1.000


(0.056) (0.055) (0.057) (0.057) (0.055) (0.078)
3.319 0.337 4.739 5.132 -0.794 12.826

Covariance Matrix of Latent Variables

REAMBITN BFAMBITN REINTGCE REPARASP RESOCIEC BFINTGCE


-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- --------
REAMBITN 0.587
BFAMBITN 0.331 0.596
REINTGCE 0.428 0.248 1.000
REPARASP 0.240 0.092 0.184 1.000
RESOCIEC 0.365 0.280 0.222 0.049 1.000
BFINTGCE 0.264 0.455 0.336 0.078 0.230 1.000
BFPARASP 0.108 0.235 0.102 0.115 0.093 0.209
BFSOCIEC 0.256 0.367 0.186 0.019 0.271 0.295

Covariance Matrix of Latent Variables

BFPARASP BFSOCIEC
-------- --------
BFPARASP 1.000
BFSOCIEC -0.044 1.000

Log-likelihood Values

Estimated Model Saturated Model


--------------- ---------------
Number of free parameters(t) 30 55
-2ln(L) 2446.192 2415.341
AIC (Akaike, 1974)* 2506.192 2525.341
BIC (Schwarz, 1978)* 2620.074 2734.124

*LISREL uses AIC= 2t - 2ln(L) and BIC = tln(N)- 2ln(L)

Goodness-of-Fit Statistics

Degrees of Freedom for (C1)-(C2) 25


Maximum Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square (C1) 30.851 (P = 0.1940)
Browne's (1984) ADF Chi-Square (C2_NT) 30.395 (P = 0.2098)

Estimated Non-centrality Parameter (NCP) 5.851


90 Percent Confidence Interval for NCP (0.0 ; 24.138)
Udi dan
Population Discrepancy Function Value (F0) 0.0178
90 Percent Confidence Interval for F0 (0.0 ; 0.0734)
Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) 0.0267
90 Percent Confidence Interval for RMSEA (0.0 ; 0.0542)
P-Value for Test of Close Fit (RMSEA < 0.05) 0.912

Expected Cross-Validation Index (ECVI) 0.276


90 Percent Confidence Interval for ECVI (0.258 ; 0.332)
ECVI for Saturated Model 0.334
ECVI for Independence Model 2.719

Chi-Square for Independence Model (45 df) 874.659

26
Normed Fit Index (NFI) 0.965
Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI) 0.987
Parsimony Normed Fit Index (PNFI) 0.536
Comparative Fit Index (CFI) 0.993
Incremental Fit Index (IFI) 0.993
Relative Fit Index (RFI) 0.937

Critical N (CN) 472.137

Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) 0.0231


Standardized RMR 0.0231
Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) 0.982
Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) 0.960
Parsimony Goodness of Fit Index (PGFI) 0.446

The Modification Indices Suggest to Add an Error Covariance


Between and Decrease in Chi-Square New Estimate
BFOCCASP REOCCASP 13.3 0.11
BF EDASP REOCCASP 8.2 -0.09

Time used 0.203 seconds

Peningkatan Kemampuyan

Studi dan penghayatan mengenai Lisrel, Amos, Sepath, Ramona, Mplus, Visual PLS, Smart
PLS, wrapt PLS, dan GSCA, dapat dilakukan dalam usaha meningkatkan kemampuan dan
memperluas wawasan penelitian ilmiah dengan tujuan membuktikan kebenaran atau
ketidakbenaran teori, mengembangkan teori yang telah tersedia, atau mencipta teori baru. Hal
ini berarti bahwa studi dan penghayatan PLS adalah penting dan dsapat memperkaya peluang
pilihan atas model yang tepat dipakai dalam penelitian ilmiah.

Rangkuman

27
Ketidakbenaran telah dialami dalam literatur mengenai PLS-SEM sebagaimana dikemukakan
oleh Imam Ghozali dan beberapa penulis lain yang menyatakan bahwa Lisrel tidak dapat
dipakai untuk model formatif dan hanya untuk model reflektif. Ketidakbenaran tersebut
kemudian dibuktikan melalui model MIMIC yang telah mengintegrasikan model formatif dan
model reflektif tersebut dengan cara menyajikan sintaksis Lisrel, sintaksis Simplis, hasil
pelaksanaan sintaksis Lisrel, dan hasil sintaksis Simplis tanpa interpretasi hasil-hasil tersebut.

Permata Depok Regency, 6 Mei 2017

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