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Eldrei C,Vicedo Ms.



1.) What is wayang kulit?

In Indonesia and Malaysia, a theatrical performance employing puppets or human
dancers. a Javanese and Balinese shadow puppet play.

2.) How is a wayang kulit puppet made?

In Indonesia, primarily Java and Bali, shadow puppet plays are known as
Wayang-Kulit. Wayang is the Indonesian word for "theater" and Kulit means
"skin," referring to the buffalo leather used to make traditional puppets. Puppet
Theater emerged with the introduction of Hinduism to Indonesia in the 1st
centuryA.D., and was used to spread the Hindu religion. When Islam started to
spread throughout Indonesia, the display of God or Gods in human form was
prohibited, so the Wayang style of puppetry was suppressed. Despite this,
puppetry had become very important to Indonesian culture, so Indonesian's
changed how they displayed their puppets. Instead of showing the forbidden
figures, the puppeteer only displayed the puppet's shadows projected onto a
screen lit by oil lamp. The stories present tales of mystery, symbolism, morality,
and myth.

3.) Where did the stories originate?

4.) What is Peking Opera?

a stylized Chinese form of opera dating from the late 18th century, in which
speech, singing, mime, and acrobatics are performed to an instrumental
5.) What are the types of stories/plot in Peking Opera?
Beijing Opera is the best of China. The largest Chinese opera form, it is
acclaimed as an 'Oriental Opera'. Having a history of 160 years, it has created
many 'firsts' in Chinese dramas:
the abundance of range, the number of artists, opera troupes and spectators.
Beijing Opera is developed from absorbing many other dramatic forms, mostly
from the local drama 'Huiban' which was famous in South China during the 18th
century. Certain rules are set up and regulations are systematize during many
artists' long practice on stage.

Different from regional plays, it is stricter on the variety of the workmanship. The
combination of virtual and reality - a special technique of expression, keeps it
largely free from the limitation of time and space on stage performance. Beijing
Opera has had many interesting names since it came into being, such as
Jinghuang, Daxi, Pingju, Jingxi. Four Means of Artistic Presentation Beijing Opera
presents dramatic plays and figures mainly by infusing four artistic methods:
singing, dialogue, dancing and martial art. Singing is utilized to intensify the
appeal of the art by all kinds of tones.
Dialogue is the complement of singing which is full of musical and rhythm
excitement. Dancing refers to the body movements requiring high performing
skills. Martial art is the combination and transformation of traditional Chinese
combat exercises with dances.