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Lab7TotalStationandCoordinateMeasuringMachine(CMM)

Inthislabyouwilllearnsomebasicoperationsonthetotalstation(theLeicabuilder)andthe
CMM(theTESAMICROHITE3D).Youneedtoknowhowtosetupthetotalstationandhowto
measuredistancesandanglesbetweenpointsofinterestswithit.FortheCMM,youneedto
knowhowtodothestartcalibrationandhowtomeasurewithitthedimensionsofsomesimple
parts.

I. TheTotalStation

ThetotalstationweareusingistheLeicaBuilderR200M.

TaketheBuilderouttothebenchmarkatthesouthofMeinel.SetuptheBuilderonthebench
mark.

Measuretheanglebetweentwoobjects.(picktwoasyoulike)

Measurethesizeofthesideblockofthestadium.Checktheresultwithmeasuringtape.

Measuretheheightoftheparkingbuilding.

Measuretheareaoftheconcreteblockofthepavement.

(Herearesomebasicinstructionsfromthemanual.Forsomepartthatisnotincluded,referto
thepaperversionmanual.)

II. CMM

Followthequickguidestartupthemachine.

Measurethesizeofasquare.

Measurethesizeofagaugeblock.

(IMPORTANT!:TheCMMisanexpensiveanddelicatemachine.Pleasedonotforcetheaxesto
move.DonotexerttoomuchforceontheZrail.Donotovertraveltheprobe;damagecanoccur
afterjustacoupleofmillimetersoftravel.)


Uncovermachine,makesureair supplyis
hookedup,

Turnon machineat leftsideof touchscreen

Pressbuttonnextto checkmarkto acept


Language defaultsetting

Pressthis buttoneverytimethe readingtaken


by the machineis to be accepted

Followinstructions
for catibration
everytime
machineis to be usedafterbeingoff.

Firsttask is to recognizethe originpoint.


Followinstructions on screen

Everyaxiscan be lockedin positionat any time


with switchesat verticalslidingarm

'
i!:.-;'
; .. 4.sr',]
.
,

IMPORTANT: pushand pullvertical


slidingarm
everytimeyou moveon the y axls

Acceptthe defaultfor TTp probe

Nexttask is to removethe probeand placeZ


railagainstthe sphere

Beforeyou do this,moveZ railcloseto the


currentpositionof the ball
Removethe probelooseningthe leverat the
rightsideof Z rail
Positionbottomof Z railon top of the sphere
and acceptthe point

ReattachProbeto Z railat the samepositionit


was before(lightin front)

Nexttaskis to measurethe qualification


sphere
IMPORTAT: Forall followingtasksandto
measureanythingpointshaveto be registered
contactingprobeto surfaces.To do this,
carefullymoveprobecloseand makecontact
withthe surfaceapproaching it veryslowlyand
normalto the surface.Do not dragprobeacross
surface.

You needto contactthe sphereon five points.

Firsttouchthe top of the sphere.

Next,you needto touchfoursidesalongthe


"equator"of the sphere,a suggestedway to do
this is to get the probein positionthen lockthe
Z axis

Contactfour pointsaroundthe sphere

UnlockZ axis
ry-
\\
\

Acceptreadingof Probetip summary(unless


the readingis notwithintolerance)

Pressbuttonnextto Measurement
icon

The measurement screenis blankandshows


the positionof the probefromthe originpoint
established in the beginning,at the front,top left
sideof the machine

Registerfouror morepointsin the granite


surfaceto definea planefor the originof the Z
axis
Acceptthe readingwhenthe arrowis in the
planeiconposition

Anotherway to accepta readingis to pushthe


checkmarkbuttonin the Z rail

Sometimesa circleis registered whenyou are


tryingto definea plane,thisis becausethe
softwarerecognizes threeor morepointsas
defininga circleas if theywereintersecting
the
circle.

by pressingthe
Cancelthe circledefinition
buttonnextto iconshown.Thisiconcancelsthe
lastreadingregistered.
The bestapproachto avoidregistering a circle
is to selectfour pointson surface,one of them
inscribed insidethreepointsdefininga
triangularshape

The screenat the leftshowshowa planeis


registered

Pressbuttonto definethis planeas datum"A"

Thisestablishes
the originof the Z axisin this
plane

Onceyou definethisplaneas a datum,you


shouldseethe screenturnto this
Nextyou needto definethe X and Y axis
directlyon the partyou are measuring
To do this picktwo pointsfirstto definethe X
axisline.

Firstpointto be pickedmustbe on the left


relativeto the otherone.

Picksecondpoint

in the screen.Acceptthis
A lineis registered

Sometimesyou get a screenaskingyou to


establish of pointsas a plane.
thisselection

Exitthe screenand registertwo pointsagain


Registertwo pointsat the leftof the partto
definethe Y axisline

Thisis whata definedlinelookslikein the


screen

Selectthe toolsiconto establish


a relationship
betweenthe two linesyou picked.

Pickrelationships
fromtoolsscreen(notshown)

Pickthe two linesyou createdby selectingthe x


markonceyou highlight everyline

Acceptthe selectionsand selectthe button


shownat the left,thiswillestablishthe
intersection
of the two linesas origin"C",which
will makethe linesto act as X andy axes