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FULL CIRCLE

E C

L C
TC CT

R C

R C R C

2 2

LC = . 2. R atau
360

LC =0,01745 . . R

T C =R . tan
2

R
EC = R atau
cos
2
EC =T C tan
4

CONTOH 1
Suatu tikungan direncanakan dengan ketentuan sebagai berikut :

d 1 = 475 m PI
0+000 25 o

Kecepatan rencana : 70 km/jam


e maksimum : 10 %
Tipe tikungan : Full Circle
R : 956 m

Potongan melintang normal : 2% 2%

3,5m 3,5m

SOLUSI
dari table dengan R = 956 m didapat : e penuh = 0,028 = 2,8 % dan
LS min = 40 m
a. Perhitungan Variavel Tikungan
25
S = =12,5O
2
25O 25O
T C =956 . tan =211,94 m EC =211,94 . tan =33,21 m LC =0,01745 . 25O . 956=417,055 m
2 4

Dari hasil perhitungan di dapat data :


V = 70 km/jam TC = 211,94 m
= 25o LC = 417,055 m
e = 2,8 % EC = 32,21 m
R = 956 m LS fiktif = 40 m

T C = 211,94 m PI
0+000 =25 o

b. Diagram Superelevasi
METODA BINA MARGA
TC CT
Ls daerah full circle Ls
3/4 Ls 1/4 Ls 1/4 Ls 3/4 Ls
Sisi luar
e penuh = 2,8%

e = 0% as jalan
e n = 2%

e penuh = 2,8%
A B C D Sisi dalam

e = 0%

3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m

Pot. A Pot. B Pot. C


Pot. D

METODA AASHTO
TC CT
Ls daerah full circle Ls
2/3 Ls 1/3 Ls 1/3 Ls 2/3 Ls
Sisi luar
e penuh = 2,8%

e = 0% as jalan
e n = 2%

e penuh = 2,8%
A B C D Sisi dalam

e = 0%

3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m 3,5 m

Pot. A Pot. B Pot. C


Pot. D

c. Kelandaian Relatif
METODA BINA MARGA
TC

Ls
e p = 2,8%

e p

e = 0% e n +e p
e n = 2% e n

e p = 2,8 %
(e n +e p ).b
e = 0% atau
e n = 2% h

b b
3,5 m 3,5 m

Kelandaian relatif
1 h
= dimana, h=( en+ ep ) .b
m Ls

1 ( e n +e p ) .b
=
m Ls
1 ( 0,02+0,028 ) .3,5 1
= =0,0042=
m 40 238

METODA AASHTO
TC

Ls
e P = 2,8%

e P

e = 0%

e p = 2,8 %
(e p ).b
e = 0% ata u
h

e n = 2%

b b
3,5 m 3,5 m

1 h
= dimana, h=( ep ) . b
m Ls

1 (e p) . b
=
m Ls
1 ( 0,028 ) .3,5 1
= =0,00245=
m 40 408

d. Potongan Melintang
METODA BINA MAGA
1. Potongan di TC
TC
Ls

3/4 Ls 1/4 Ls
e p = 2,8%

e p

e = 0% e n +e p
e n = 2% y e n

3,5 m 3,5 m

Pot. TC
3
L
4 S y
=
L S e n +e p
3
. L . ( e +e )
4 S n p 2
y= = . ( e n +e p )
LS 3
3
. ( 0,02+0,028 )=0,036=3,6
4
e= yen =0,0360,02
0,016=1,6

2. Potongan A di sta. berapa?


TC
Ls

3/4 Ls 1/4 Ls
e p = 2,8%

e p

e = 0% e n +e p
e n = 2% e n

3,5 m 3,5 m
A
Pot. A
Sta. A = Sta. TC Ls = 0+263,060 . 40 = 0 + 233,060
3. Potongan B di sta. berapa?
TC
Ls

3/4 Ls 1/4 Ls
e p = 2,8%

e p

e = 0% e n +e p
e n = 2% e n

e = 0%
x A-B 3,5 m 3,5 m
A B

Pot. B

x A B (en ) ( e n ) . LS (0,02) . 40
= x AB = = =16,667 m
LS ( e n+ e p ) ( e n+ e p ) (0,02+ 0,028)
Sta. B = Sta. A + xA-B = 0+233,060 + 16,667 = 0+249,727

4. Potongan C di sta. berapa?


TC
Ls

3/4 Ls 1/4 Ls
e p = 2,8%

e p

e = 0% e n +e p
e n = 2% e n

x A-C 3,5 m 3,5 m


A C

Pot. C

x A C ( e n+ en ) ( 2e n ) . L S (2. 0,02). 40
= x A C = = =33,333 m
LS ( e n +e p ) ( en +e p ) (0,02+0,028)
Sta. B = Sta. A + xA-C = 0+233,060 + 33,333 = 0+296,393
5. Potongan D di sta. berapa?
TC
Ls

3/4 Ls 1/4 Ls
e p = 2,8%

e p

e = 0% e n +e p
e n = 2% e n

x A-D 3,5 m 3,5 m


A D

Pot. D

Sta. B = Sta. A + xA-D = 0+233,060 + 40 = 0+273,060


Sta. B = Sta. TC + Ls = 0+263,060 + 10 = 0+273,060

6. Potongan dan Sta. berapa? di 10 m setelah Sta. A


TC
Ls

3/4 Ls 1/4 Ls
e p = 2,8%

e p

e = 0% e n +e p
e n = 2% e n
C
x A-A' 3,5 m 3,5 m
A A'

Pot. A

x A A '
y ( en + e p ) . x A A (0,02+0,028). 10 '

= y= = =0,012=1,3
LS ( e n +e p ) LS 40
Sta. C = Sta. A + xA-A = 0+233,060 + 10 = 0+243,060
METODA AASHTO
1. Potongan di TC

TC
Ls
2/3 Ls 1/3 Ls

e = 2,8%
P

eP
y
e = 0%

3,5 m 3,5 m

Pot. A

2
L
3 S y
=
LS ep
2
.L .e
3 S p 2
y= = .ep
LS 3
2
.0,028=0,0187=1,8
3

2. Potongan B di sta. berapa?


TC
Ls
2/3 Ls 1/3 Ls
e P = 2,8%

e = 0% e n +e P

e = 0%

3,5 m 3,5 m
B

Pot. B

Sta. B = Sta. TC (2/3.Ls) = 0+263,060 - (2/3. 40) = 0+236,393


3. Potongan A di sta. berapa?
TC

Ls
e P = 2,8%

e = 0% e n +e P

x A-B 3,5 m 3,5 m


A B

Pot. A

LS e
= p
L S + X A B e p+ en
en . LS 0,02. 40
x AB = = =28,571m
ep 0,028
Sta. A = Sta. B xA-B = 0+236,393 - 28,571 = 0+207,822

4. Potongan C di sta. berapa?


TC
Ls
2/3 Ls 1/3 Ls

e P = 2,8%

e P
e n
e = 0%

x B-C
3,5 m 3,5 m
B C

Pot. C

x BC e n e . L 0,02. 40
= x B C = n S = =28,570 m
LS ep ep 0,028
Sta. C = Sta. B + x2 = 0+236,393 + 28,570 = 0+264,963
5. Potongan D di sta. berapa?
TC
Ls
2/3 Ls 1/3 Ls

e P = 2,8%

e P

e = 0%

3,5 m 3,5 m
D

Pot. D

Sta. D = Sta. TC + 1/3Ls = 0+263,060 + 1/3. 40 = 0+276,393

6. Potongan dan Sta. berapa? di 10 m sebelum Sta. B


TC

Ls
e P = 2,8%

e P

e = 0%
e

e = 0,7%
x B-B'
3,5 m 3,5 m
B' B

Pot. B

Sta. B = Sta. B 10 = 0+236,393 - 10 = 0+226,393


LS e
= p
L S + X BB e p +e
'

e p . ( LS + x BB )e p . Ls
'

e=
LS
0,028 . ( 40+10 )0,028. 40
e= =0,007=0,7
40
7. Potongan dan Sta. berapa? di 10 m setelah Sta. B
TC

Ls
e P = 2,8%

e P

e = 0% e

e = 0,7 %

x B-B''
3,5 m 3,5 m
B B''

Pot. B

Sta. B = Sta. B 10 = 0+236,393 - 10 = 0+226,393


x BB e '

=
LS ep
x BB . e p
'
10 . 0,028
e= y= =0,007=0,7
LS 40

e. Data Stationing
Sta. 1 : 0 + 000
Sta. TC : Sta.1 + d1 - TC = 0+000 + 475 211,940 = 0+263,060
Sta. CT : Sta.TC + LC = 0+263,09 + 417,055 = 0+680,115

T = 211,94 m PI
TC C

0+000 =25 o
0+263,060

CT