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HEBAT Bacaan BI

Unit 19

UNIT 19: INVENTIONS


DO IT YOURSELF COOLERS

What do Necessity is Identify What is the What do you


people the mother of characteristics difference think is the
usually do invention. of a good between an air meaning of
when the Can you invention. cooler and an the word eco-
weather gets explain what air friendly?
too hot? this quote conditioner?
means? 438
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Unit 19

TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES FOR BEGINNER LEVEL

BY THE END OF i. Share experiences about dealing with hot weather.


LESSON, ii. Give reasons to support their opinions about Eco Coolers.
STUDENTS CAN: iii. Create a DIY air cooler based on instructions in a manual.

Reading Strategy: Skim and Scan


QAR
5W1H
LOTS: Remembering
STRATEGIES/ Understanding
APPROACHES HOTS: Applying
Analysing
Creating
21st Century Learning
i-THINK

VALUES Love for the Environment

LEARNING/ Picture
TEACHING AIDS Worksheet

SITUATION Public
Educational

TEXT FORMAT Single

TEXT TYPE Description


Instruction

COGNITIVE Scan and Locate


PROCESS Integrate and Interpret

*refer to HEBAT Bacaan Bahasa Inggeris Reading Strategies


**refer to 21st Century Learning: Cooperative Learning Structures
***refer to Guide to Using HOTS in a Reading Classroom

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ACTIVITIES SKILLS/ APPROACHES

STEP 1
LOTS:
a. Based on personal experience, students share Remembering
about what they normally do during very hot days. Understanding

b. Students give opinions on what can be used to cool iTHINK:


Bubble Map
themselves down during hot weather and transfer ideas
into Bubble Map***.

STEP 2 LOTS:
Analysing
a. Students use QAR* (Question, Answer Relationship)
method to read TEXT 1 on Bangladeshis Eco Cooler. Reading Strategy:
b. In pairs*, students answer questions in WORKSHEET 1. QAR

21st Century Learning:


Think-Pair-Share
Collaboration

STEP 3 Reading Strategy:


a. In, groups, students read the infographic on How to Skim and Scan
make an Eco Cooler (PICTURE 1). 5W1H
b. Following the instructions, students create a functional
Eco Cooler. HOTS:
c. Groups present their final product and explain its Applying
special features. Creating

21st Century Learning:


Collaboration

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TEXT 1

Bangladeshs Eco-Cooler that runs without electricity could be the


answer to the rising heat
SANJANA RAY, 21 MAY 2016 2197SHARES

With the overall temperature rise across the globe and the sweltering heat this summer, one
can safely assume that households will see a furious shoot-up in their electricity bills this year.
While the urban population resorts to air-conditioning to escape the heat wave, the poor
clamour for shade in varied confinements.

Bangladesh might have just found the perfect solution to the worlds problem of rising
temperatures. Grey Dhaka, the Bangladesh wing of New York-based advertising agency Grey,
in collaboration with Grameen Intel Social Business Limited (a Dhaka-based IT company), has
introduced the Eco-Cooler, a cooling device that can run without electricity!

The process involves creating grids made from repurposed plastic bottles cut in half and
installed on windows as per size. Based on the direction of the wind and the pressure created
by airflow, the Eco-Cooler decreases the temperature by up to five degrees Celsius. This is how
it works: hot air enters the open end of the bottle and gets compressed at the neck of the
bottle making the air cooler before it enters the room.

In an interview with Mumbrella Asia, Syed Gousul Alam Shaon, managing partner and chief
creative officer at Grey Dhaka, said, After initial tests, blueprints of the Eco-Cooler were put
up online for everyone to download for free. Raw materials are easily available, therefore
making Eco-Coolers a cost-effective and environmentally-friendly [cooling] solution.

The Eco-Cooler works better for houses which are made with corrugated tins. Since most of
the houses in Bangladesh are made in this way, the cooler works miracles for them. Even India
can endorse this technology in the rural sections of the country, given that most of our rural
house-structures echo the corrugated tin houses of Bangladesh. This simple idea could bring
much-needed relief to the millions suffering the heat, not only in Bangladesh but in India as
well

http://yourstory.com/2016/05/no-electricity-eco-cooler

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WORKSHEET 1

Questions Answers

1.What is an Eco-Cooler?

2.Where was the Eco-Cooler originally


created?

3. Who created Eco-Cooler?

4.What are the materials needed to make


Eco-Cooler?

5.How does an Eco-Cooler work?

6.Why is an Eco-Cooler better than


normal air-conditioners?

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7.When did the company put up the


blueprint of Eco-Cooler online?

8.Who is Syed Gousul Alam Shaon?

9. Would you consider making Eco-Cooler


on your own? Why?

10.What can you do to make your own


home cooler?

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PICTURE 1

Read the manual carefully.


In groups of 3-4, follow the instructions in the infographic and create an Eco-Cooler

httpi1.tribune.com.pk/wp-content/uploads/2016/How-to-make-eco-cooler.jpg

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TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES FOR INTERMEDIATE LEVEL

BY THE END OF
LESSON, i. Use information from text to justify opinion.
STUDENTS CAN: ii. Analyse and compare two texts to choose the better option.
iii. Apply information from reading text to produce a poster.

Reading Strategy: ACID


LOTS: Remembering
Understanding
STRATEGIES/ HOTS: Applying
APPROACHES Analysing
Evaluating
Creating
st
21 Century Learning

VALUES Love for the Environment

LEARNING/ Picture
TEACHING AIDS Worksheet

SITUATION Educational

TEXT FORMAT Multiple, Non Continuous

TEXT TYPE Instructions

COGNITIVE Integrate and generate inferences


PROCESS Search and Select Relevant Text
*refer to HEBAT Bacaan Bahasa Inggeris Reading Strategies
**refer to 21st Century Learning: Cooperative Learning Structures
***refer to Guide to Using HOTS in a Reading Classroom

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ACTIVITIES STRATEGIES/
APPROACHES

STEP 1

LOTS:
a. Based on personal experience, students share ways to
Remembering
cool themselves during warm/hot weather. Understanding
c. In groups, students take turns sharing ideas about what is
the best way to cool down on a Table Cloth/ Combo Mat** 21st Century Learning:
activity. Table Cloth
d. Groups select, present and justify their best ideas. Combo Mat

STEP 2 Reading Strategy:


ACID
a. In pairs, students use ACID* marks to read and compare the
HOTS:
qualities between TEXT 1 and TEXT 2. Analysing
b. Students choose the TEXT with the most reader- friendly and Evaluating
with easy to follow instructions on making DYI air cooler.
c. Students share and justify their opinions in Round Rally**. 21st Century Learning:
Round Rally

STEP 3
HOTS:
a. In groups, students design a promotional poster to Applying
promote a DIY air cooler or air conditioner. Creating
b. Students present their posters and explain why the cooler 21st Century Learning:
is an amazing product in a Gallery Walk**activity. Gallery Walk

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TEXT 1

http://windycityair.net/diy-ac-how-to-make-your-own-air-conditioning/

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TEXT 2

https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/a2/ee/9f/a2ee9f69420bc745bd8fb12b2e4199c6.jpg

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Unit 19

TEACHING AND LEARNING STRATEGIES FOR ADVANCED LEVEL


BY THE END OF i. Compare and contrast information from text
LESSON, ii. Analyse the suitability of a product to different situation
STUDENTS CAN: Iii. Invent a solution to a real-life problem

Reading Strategy: QAR


LOTS: Understanding
HOTS: Applying
STRATEGIES/ Analysing
Evaluating
APPROACHES
Creating

21st Century Learning


i-THINK

VALUES Love for the Environment

LEARNING/
TEACHING AIDS Worksheet

SITUATION Public

TEXT FORMAT Single

TEXT TYPE Exposition

COGNITIVE Integrate and generate inferences


PROCESS Reflect on content and form

*refer to HEBAT Bacaan Bahasa Inggeris Reading Strategies


**refer to 21st Century Learning: Cooperative Learning Structures
***refer to Guide to Using HOTS in a Reading Classroom

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ACTIVITIES SKILLS/ APPROACHES

STEP 1 LOTS:
Understanding
a. Students identify everyday items that can be recycled.
HOTS:
b. In pairs, students list** items on a Word Wall**. Applying
Analysing
c. Students discuss creative ways these items can be recycled
for e.g. by reusing or repurposing them into something new. 21st Century Learning;
List-O-Mania
d. Students share ideas and get feedback from peers. Word Wall

STEP 2

a. Students read TEXT 1 on How Bangladeshi Inventors are Reading Strategy:


Making Eco Friendly Air-cons from Plastic Bottles using QAR
QAR* method.
HOTS:
b. Students complete task (a) in WORKSHEET 1 by using a Applying
suitable i-THINK*** Map to list the similarities and Evaluating
differences between the Eco Cooler and a regular Air
i-THINK
Conditioner.
21st Century Learning:
c. Students compare their answers with a face partner**, and
Collaboration
amend their list.

d. In pairs, students complete task (b) by listing places or


situations in which an Eco Cooler may not be suitable
(WORKSHEET 1).

STEP 3
HOTS:
a. In groups, students discuss ideas on how to recycle/reuse/ Applying
repurpose rubbish such as paper, plastic and glass bottles, Creating
candy wrapper etc. that they see around the school
compound. i-THINK
Flow Chart
b. Students select the used item (rubbish) and develop a
process of making it reusable for eg. aluminium can into a 21st Century Learning
Innovation
pencil holder. Gallery Walk
c. Students describe the process in a Flow Chart*** and present
in a Gallery Walk**.

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TEXT 1

How Bangladeshi inventors are making eco-friendly air


conditioners from plastic bottles
BANGLADESH 06/02/2016
Become an Observer
What can you make with old plastic bottles? A vase? A flowerpot? an air-conditioning unit? Believe
it or not, you can. When inventor Ashis Paul came up with an innovative way to draw cool air into
homes using plastic bottles, his whole company got on board to help teach people living in rural
Bangledesh to do the same. Since February this year, theyve helped people to install these units-- which
dont need electricity to function-- in more than 25,000 households in developing areas of the country.
Most people live in tin huts in the summer, its like being in sauna in the Sahara

Jaiyyanul Huq

Jaiyyanul Huq is a creative director with the Grey Group, the advertising company that spearheaded this
social project. We are a flood-prone nation, so in rural Bangladesh, most people build their homes out
of tin, instead of mud. About 70% of Bangladesh's population lives in these homes. But the problem
with these tin huts is that they get unbearably hot in the summer, especially in northern and central
Bangladesh. Ive been in these huts. Its like being in a sauna in the Sahara.

One of our creative supervisors, Ashis Paul, started thinking about ways to bring relief to these people.
He was turning it over in his mind when one day, he overheard his daughters physics tutor explaining to
her how gas cools when it expands quickly. Ashis has an "inventor" mentality and hes always been
fascinated by science. So, he started experimenting.

He told us about his idea of making an air-conditioner out of plastic bottles. The simplicity of the Eco-
Cooler is incredible.

How to Make an Eco-Cooler

To make an Eco-Cooler, you cut plastic bottles in half and then mount them on a board.

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Then, you place the board over a window, with the bottlenecks facing towards the inside of the house.

The change in pressure that occurs when air enters the wider part of the bottle and comes out through the
bottleneck cools the air.

It seems uncanny, but the principle is simple. Blow on your hand with your mouth wide open. The air
feels hot, doesnt it? Now, blow on your hand with your lips pursed. It feels like a cool breeze.
The Eco-Cooler doesnt require any electricity to function!

"We finalised it just as the weather was getting hot"


The Eco-Cooler can decrease the temperature by 5C immediately. When it goes from 30C to 25C, I
can tell you that it makes a difference.
The Grey group decided to take it on as a pro-bono project. We like to give back -- its core to our
company. We decided to make and distribute these units for free. We designed the first prototype in
March last year and finally finalised it at the end of February this year. Thats just when the weather
starts getting hot in Bangladesh.
The streets here are littered with bottles, so the raw materials are easy to find
To distribute the Eco-Coolers, we teamed up with Grameen Intel Social Business Ltd. because they
work in a lot of villages in Bangladesh [Editors note: Grameen Intel is social business platform thats a
partnership between NGO Grameen and the company Intel]. We sent our teams out to the villages where
Grameen Intel works to teach people how to make our Eco-Coolers.

The beauty of it all is how easy these units are to make. First of all, the raw materials are easy to find:
people dont recycle here, so the streets are littered with bottles. We show people how to make them and
then ask them to both do it on their own and to teach others. We also made a how-to pdf thats up on our
website and includes an easy step-by-step process.
Its free and people get immediate results!
http://observers.france24.com/en/20160602-bangladesh-air-conditioner-plastic-bottles-
technology

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WORKSHEET 1

a. Make a comparison between an Eco Cooler and a regular air-conditioner. Then, present
the similarities and differences in the form of a suitable i-THINK map.

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b. List places or situations when an Eco Cooler may not be very effective in lowering the
temperature of a space.

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ASSESSMENT PROJECT
The residential area you live in is facing a problem with stray dogs that roam the streets, bark all night
and destroy garbage bins. These dogs are not only a nuisance but can sometimes be dangerous when
they occasionally attack residents. Imagine that you work at the Local Municipal Council as a Creative
Solutions Engineer. Design an invention that is both cost effective and time effective that may be used
to alleviate or solve this problem. Create a manual for this invention, build a physical model of the
invention and propose it to the council members for approval.

ACTIVITIES STRATEGIES/
APPROACHES

STEP 1
Students work in groups and consider questions relating
to the project.
ACTION ORIENTED TASK
1. What can keep stray dogs out of the area?
2. Where did the dogs come from?
3. Why are there so many dogs?
4. Is there a way to keep dogs away without hurting them?
5. Can the device/machine be affordable to all
households?

Have students consider other issues besides the above.


i-THINK:
STEP 2 Flow Map
Students answer the questions above and develop a plan
on a suitable invention to keep dogs away from the
neighbourhood.
They list the process of building the machine in a Flow
Map** and start building the prototype.

STEP 3.
Groups present their final product in a Gallery Walk** and HOTS:
describe how the machine can work to alleviate the Applying
problem of stray dogs. Evaluating
Creating
Class vote on the best invention based on criteria given.

Teachers may adapt scenario for the project


to reflect any real world situation relevant 21ST CENTURY SKILLS:
to students background. Innovation
Colloboration

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