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ISSN Online: 2394-5869

Impact Factor: 5.2 A study on problem solving ability in mathematics of

IJAR 2016; 2(1): 797-799

www.allresearchjournal.com

IX standard students in Dindigul district

Received: 20-11-2015

Accepted: 22-12-2015

Senthamarai Kannan B, Sivapragasam C, Senthilkumar R

Senthamarai Kannan B

Research Scholar, Gandhigram

Rural Institute - Deemed

Abstract

University, Gandhigram, If I had 60 minutes to solve a problem, Id spend 55 minutes defining it, and 5 minutes solving it

Tamil Nadu, India. - Albert Einstein

In the present study the investigator attempts to study on problem solving ability in mathematics of IX

Sivapragasam C

standard students in Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu. The study was conducted on a sample 80 ninth

Professor, Gandhigram Rural

Institute - Deemed University,

standard students. The sample divided into two types of institute which are Government and private

Gandhigram,Tamil Nadu, secondary schools. Problem solving ability test in mathematics was used to collect data. The

India. investigator had adopted the survey method and random sampling technique was used. The results

showed that the level of problem solving ability in mathematics of IX standard students is average.

Senthilkumar R

Research Scholar, Gandhigram Keywords: Problem solving, Mathematics, Survey method, Random sampling technique

Rural Institute Deemed

University, Gandhigram, Introduction

Tamil Nadu, India. If I had 60 minutes to solve a problem, Id spend 55 minutes defining it, and 5 minutes

solving it

- Albert Einstein

Problem solving is a heart in the study of mathematics. The importance of teaching

mathematics and learning mathematics to develop the abilities of solving problem in

mathematics and to find the solution of problems in daily life. To many mathematically

literate people, mathematics is synonymous with solving problems, doing word problems,

creating patterns, interpreting figures, developing geometric construction, proving theorems,

etc. The goal of teaching mathematic to be effective was that the students were able to solve

its problems. That goal shows that learning mathematics not only aims to develop students in

cognitive domains, but also aims to improve the affective domain that can support problem-

solving abilities. The results of the study Joseph (2011) [10] concluded that in future

mathematics assessment should not on the written test analysis, but analysis of increasing

affective students also needs to be done. NCTM (1989) stated that the attitude of the students

in facing of mathematics and beliefs can affect their achievement in mathematics. As a

matter of fact, the experience in solving the problems of the subject is very important to

develop students thinking skills and help them gain more skills in solving the problem in

daily life.

Problem-solving is considered as the heart of mathematics learning because the skill is not

only for learning the subject, but it emphasizes on developing thinking skill method as well.

Students can apply their knowledge and problem solving skills to be useful in daily life since

the processes of solving the mathematical problem are similar to the general problem

solving. Basic education curriculum, Buddhist era 2544 has specified how mathematic

learning and students quality are important; however, the students do not achieve in learning

Correspondence the subject. Most of the students problem was the mathematical problem solving, the most

Senthamarai Kannan B important skill for the students further learning. Therefore, the development of problem

Research Scholar, Gandhigram

Rural Institute - Deemed

solving ability in mathematics is an important mission that teachers are about to concern with

University, Gandhigram, in order to develop such the necessary skill for their students.

Tamil Nadu, India.

~797~

International Journal of Applied Research

According to the problem of mathematics teaching and Dependent variable

learning and due to the theory studies, we have found out - Problem solving ability score

that the study of factors affecting the students problem

solving is interesting and necessary because if teachers know Independent variables

about the factors that encourage or obstruct students - Gender

problem solving skill development, they can then manage - Type of school

effective learning activities for the students in order to help - Locality of the student

them solve mathematic problems effectively. Therefore, the - Extra coaching

investigator is interested in a study on problem solving - Parental educational qualification

ability in mathematics of IX standard students in Dindigul - Parental occupation

district. - Community

Problem solving ability a. Methodology in brief

The ability to understand what the goal of the problem is and The investigator has chosen the survey method for studying

what rules could be applied to represent the key to solving the problems of this study. In Dindigul district two secondary

the problem. Sometimes the problem requires some abstract schools were selected randomly.

thinking and coming up with a creative solution.

b. Sample

Mathematics The secondary school students in the population for this

Mathematics is a part of science. It has the four fundamental study. From among them 80 students studying IX standard

operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and were taken as the sample.

division. In secondary school level, mathematics education is

very useful to develop the creative thinking and self- c. Tools used

confident habit of students and it also helps to develop the The data were collected by using the problem solving ability

problem solving habits. test developed and standardized by the investigator and Dr.

C. Sivapragasam. There are 20 problems in the test. Each

Objectives problem has four alternative options. Out of these four

To identify the level of problem solving ability in options, only one is correct answer. If the student selected

mathematics of IX standard students. the correct answer, the investigator should be given one

To find out the significant difference between the IX mark, and if the students selected wrong answer, the

standard students in their problem solving ability investigator should be given a zero mark. In the end all the

regarding the background variables gender, type of marks should be added.

school, locality of the student, extra coaching,

community, parental educational qualification and d. Statistical techniques used

parental occupation. The study adopted the statistical techniques like mean,

median, mode, standard deviation, t-test and F test.

Hypothesis

There is no significant difference in problem solving Data Analysis

ability of IX standard students with respect to

Table 1: Mean, Median, Mode and Standard Deviation of whole

i. Gender sample with respect to problem solving ability score

ii. Type of school

iii. Locality of the student Standard

Variables N Mean Median Mode

iv. Extra coaching Deviation

Problem solving

80 10.31 10 9 2.060

ability score

There is no significant difference in problem solving

ability of IX standard students with respect to From table 1, it is observed that the probability solving

i. Parental educational qualification ability mean score is 10.31 of IX standard students. Hence,

ii. Parental occupation the level of problem solving ability in mathematics of IX

iii. Community standard students is average.

Table 2: Significant differences in the problem solving ability of IX standard students with respect to background variables

Background variable Subgroup N Mean S.D t- value Significant level

Boys 43 10.88 2.152

Gender 2.6816 Significant

Girls 37 9.68 1.796

Government 40 10.10 2.098

Type of school 0.9703 Not Significant

Private 40 10.55 2.050

Urban 25 11.12 2.186

Locality of the student 2.3868 Significant

Rural 55 9.96 1.934

Tuition 40 11.45 1.880

Extra coaching 5.7583 Significant

No tuition 40 9.20 1.604

(At 5% level of significance the table value of t is 1.96)

~798~

International Journal of Applied Research

From the table 2, it is observed that background variables are school. The students who go for tuition and do not go for

gender, locality and extra coaching have the significant level. tuition have the significant difference in their problem

There is no significant difference between in problem solving ability in mathematics.

solving ability of IX standard students with respect of type of

Table 3: Significant differences in the problem solving ability of IX standard students with respect to background variables

Variable Sources of variation Sum of squares df Mean squares F Value Table Value Remark

Between groups 9.516 9 1.057

Parental Educational Significant

Within groups 24.434 70 0.349 3.029 2.02

Qualification at 5% level

Total 33.950 79

Between groups 27.080 9 3.009

Significant

Parental Occupation Within groups 71.920 70 1.027 2.929 2.02

at 5% level

Total 99.000 79

Between groups 12.494 9 1.388

Significant

Community Within groups 39.306 70 0.562 2.472 2.02

at 5% level

Total 51.800 79

community, students whose parents have different 1. Lesh RA, Doerr H. Beyond Constructivism: Models and

educational qualifications and different occupations have Modeling Perspectives on Mathematics Problem

significant differences in their problem solving ability in Solving, Learning and Teaching. Lawrence Erlbaum,

mathematics. New Jersey, USA. 2002, 616.

2. Dutt Sunil. Relationship between verbal creativity and

Findings problem solving ability in mathematics of tenth graders

The level of problem solving ability in mathematics of at different levels of cognitive style. The educational

IX standard students is average. Review 2001; 37(1):37-60.

There is a significant difference in problem solving 3. Manivannan SS. Hemisphericity and problem solving

ability of IX standard students with respect to gender. ability in mathematics. Edutrack 2004; 4(11):19-21.

There is a significant difference in problem solving 4. John Louis Manoharan. Problem solving ability in

ability of IX standard students with respect to locality of mathematics of XI standard students in Vilupuram

students. District. Research and reflections an education 2009;

There is a significant difference in problem solving 7(3):15-17 &24.

ability of IX standard students with respect to Extra 5. Huntley MA, Rasmussen CL, Villarubi RS. Effects of

coaching. standards-based mathematics education: A study of the

There is no significant difference in problem solving Core-Plus Mathematics Project algebra/functions strand.

ability of IX standard students with respect to types of Journal for Research in Mathematics Education. 2000;

school. 31:328-361.

There is a significant difference in problem solving 6. Perrenet JC, Nouhuijs PAJ. Smits JGMM. The

ability of IX standard students with respect to suitability of problem-based learning for engineering

i. Parental educational qualification education: theory and practice. Teaching in Higher

ii. Parental Occupation Education 2000; 5(3):345-358.

iii. Community 7. Van Meter, Sperling. Enhancing learner processing for

effective problem solving, Journal of Professional Issues

Recommendations in Engineering Education and Practice, ASCE 2005;

Mathematics club should be organized by a mathematics 131(3):187-191.

teacher in the school. It provides to students to learn 8. Seifi M, Haghverdi M, Azizmohamadi F. Recognition of

mathematics with interest and involvement. It also helps Students Difficulties in Solving Mathematical Word

to improve their problem solving abilities. Problems from the Viewpoint of Teachers. Journal of

Extra coaching may be given to the students whose Basic and Applied Scientific Research. 2012; 2:2923-

parents are economically and educationally low level 2928.

and that students are residing in rural areas. 9. Peker M. The effects of an instruction using problem

Educational institutes should be providing mathematics solving strategies in mathematics on the teaching

library facilities in school. anxiety level of the pre-service primary school teachers.

Mathematics teacher should be organized the The New Educational Review 2009; 19:95-114.

mathematics recreational activities like as number 10. Joseph Y. An Exploratory Study of Primary Two Pupils

games, Sudoku and puzzles in school for students. This Approach Journal of Mathematics Education to Solve

activity helps to improve their problem solving abilities. Word Problems. Journal of Mathematics Education.

Mathematics teacher should be providing mathematics 2011; 4(1):19-30.

concepts for students with life oriented examples.

~799~

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