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Lesson Plan
Subject area / course / grade level: Earth Science/Soil/ 1-3
Materials: Dirt by Steve Tomecek, Dirt the Scoop on Soil by Natalie Rosinsky; soil properties chart; samples of
sand, clay, and silt; hand lenses; eye droppers, crayons, pencils, water, rock

TEKS/SEs: 3.11(B) Identify and record properties of soils such as color and texture, capacity to retain water, and
ability to support the growth of plants.

Lesson objective(s): The student will be able to:

a. explain how soil is made
b. recognize that soil is composed of different colors, textures, and structures
c. identify the materials found in soil
d. identify the types of soil
e. identify which soil is best for plant growth
f. explain why soil is needed

Instructional strategies:
Identify similarities and differences in soils
Questions, organizers
Setting objectives
Hands on materials and equipment, soil samples, magnifying glass
Tactile or sensory experience
Whole group

Differentiation strategies to meet diverse learner needs:

1. For students needing extra help, pair with more advanced reader.
2. May use drawings instead of words
3. Allow diverse learners time for answers, or oral answers instead of written answers.

Evaluation of student learning:

1. Give each student a soil properties chart, a lens, and soil samples. Students will determine soil texture,
color, size, and the soils ability to retain water. Students will examine the texture of the soil by using a
magnifying glass and then feel each soils texture. They will select on the properties chart the type of
texture of the soilssmooth, slippery, gritty. Next, they will determine color of soil and color in the chart
with appropriate color of the soils. Looking through the magnifying glass, they will observe the size of
each type of soil and mark the chart showing size of particle from large to small grain. Using an eye
dropper, a drop of water will be applied to each pile of soil. Students will observe how each type of soil
retains water. They will indicate which type of soil puddles, flows through soil, or stays in soil. I will do an
oral evaluation of the lesson by asking questions such as which soil had smooth, gritty, or sticky
texture? Which soil had the largest size of grains? What happened when water was poured onto soil?
2. Evaluate from discussion questions which soil would be the best to use for growing plants? Why? Could
Lesson Plan
we use a mixture of soils? Why?
3. To extend learning, plant seeds in the different soils. Observe plants and determine which soil produced
the healthiest plant. Plant one seed in a mixture of all of the soils. Observe the plants. Evaluate which soil
would be the best for growing plants. Why?