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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
KATA PENGANTAR......................................................................................
DAFTAR ISI....................................................................................................
DAFTAR GAMBAR.......................................................................................
DAFTAR TABEL............................................................................................
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
A. Latar Belakang.................................................................................... 1
B. Rumusan Masalahan........................................................................... 2
C. Tujuan Penelitian................................................................................ 2
D. Manfaat............................................................................................... 3
E. Sas
ara
n
Pe
nel
itia
n

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F. Ruang Lingkup Pembahasan.............................................................. 4
1. Ruang Lingkup Substansial.......................................................... 4
2. Ruang Lingkup Spasial................................................................. 4
G. Metode dan Sistematika Penulisan..................................................... 4
1. Metode Pembahasan..................................................................... 4
2. Sistematika Pembahasan............................................................... 5
3. Alur Pikir...................................................................................... 7

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


A. Pengertian Judul................................................................................. 8
B. Pendidikan tinggi Di indonesia........................................................... 8
1. Jenis-Jenis Pendidikan Tinggi..................................................... 9
2. Tujuan Pendidikan Tinggi.......................................................... 9
3. Satuan Pendidikan di Perguruan Tinggi..................................... 9

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4. Aspek-Aspek Yang Berkaitan Dengan Penyelenggaraan Perguruan
Tinggi........................................................................................... 10
5. Tri Dharma Perguruan Tinggi...................................................... 11
6. Mahasiswa Di Perguruan Tinggi................................................. 11
7. Saran Dan Prasarana Perguruan Tinggi...................................... 15

C. Kegiatan Kemahasiswaan................................................................... 15
1. Keterlibatan Mahasiswa Dalam Kegiatan Kemahasiswaan....... 16
2. Motifasi Mahasiswa Mengikuti Kegiatan Kemahasiswaan...... 17
D. Bentuk Kegiatan kemahasiswaan Di Lingkup
Universitas Haluoleo.......................................................................... 19
E. Kebutuhan Ruang Gedung Pusat Kegiatan Mahasiswa............. 21
1. Perencanaan Tapak...................................................................... 21
2. Pencarian Bentuk Secara Arsitektural......................................... 32
3. Metode Dalam Merancang Tapak Bentuk Arsitektural.............. 37
F. Gedung Pusat Kegiatan Mahasiswa Universitas Haluoleo........ 39
1. Kondisi PKM Universitas Haluoleo............................................ 39
2. Kebutuhan Ruang Gedung PKM................................................. 40
G. Studi Banding Kasus.................................................................. 42
1. PUSGAWA (Pusat Kegiatan Mahasiswa) UI.............................. 42
2. Gelanggang Mahasiswa UGM.................................................... 49

BAB III TINJAUAN UMUM PUSAT KEGIATAN MAHASISWA


(PKM) UNIVERSITAS HALUOLEO
A. Gambaran Umum Kota Kendari ........................................................ 51
1. Batas-Batas Wilayah.................................................................... 51
2. Luas Wilayah............................................................................... 51
3. Keadaan Iklim............................................................................. 52
B. Aspek Soasial dan Ekonomi Kota Kendari............................... 53
1. Jumlah Penduduk......................................................................... 53
2. Persebaran Penduduk................................................................... 54
C. Tata Guna Lahan Kota Kendari................................................. 56
D. Gambaran Umum kampus Unhalu............................................ 58

BAB IV TINJAUAN TERHADAP OBJEK RANCANGAN


A. Konsep Perancangan........................................................................... 61
1. Unsur-Unsur Perancangan........................................................... 61
2. Jangkauan Perancangan.............................................................. 61

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B. Pendekatan Konsep Perancangan Makro........................................... 62
1. Analisis Lokasi............................................................................ 62
2. Analisis Bentuk Dasar dan Penampilan Bangunan..................... 67
C. Sirkulasi.............................................................................................. 68
1. Prinsip Sirkulasi........................................................................... 68
2. Pola Sirkulasi............................................................................... 69
3. Jenis Sirkulasi.............................................................................. 70
D. Program & Orgsnisasi Ruang............................................................. 72
1. Program Ruang............................................................................ 72
2. Besaran Rruang.......................................................................... 77
3. Organisasi Ruang......................................................................... 79

E. Sistem Struktur................................................................................... 87
1. Analisa Modul Struktur............................................................... 88
2. Dilatasi......................................................................................... 90
3. Sistem Sub- Struktur (Struktur Bawah)....................................... 92
4. Sistem Super-Struktur.................................................................. 96
5. Sistem Upper- Struktur................................................................ 97

F. Sistem Utilitas..................................................................................... 100


1. Sistem Utilitas Air Bersih dan Kotor........................................... 100
2. Sistem Mekanikal Elektrikal....................................................... 104
3. Sistem Komunikasi...................................................................... 105
4. Sistem Pengamanan Gedung....................................................... 106
5. Sistem Pengolahan Sampah......................................................... 115
6. Sistem Transportasi Bangunan.................................................... 115

BAB V ACUAN PERANCANGAN


A. Aktivitas Yang Diwadahi.................................................................... 122
B. Lokasi dan Pengolahan Tapak............................................................ 122
1. Letak Lokasi................................................................................ 122
2. Batasan-Batasan Site................................................................... 123
C. Konsep dan Bentuk Dasar Bangunan................................................. 123
D. Sirkulasi dan Organisasi Ruang.......................................................... 124
E. Struktur Bangunan.............................................................................. 105
1. Modul Struktur............................................................................ 125
2. Dilatasi......................................................................................... 126
3. Sub Struktur................................................................................. 126
4. Super Struktur.............................................................................. 127
5. Upper Struktur............................................................................. 127

F. Utilitas Bangunan............................................................................... 128


1. Sistem Plumbing.......................................................................... 129
2. Sistem Mekanikal Elektrikal....................................................... 128
3. Sistem Komunikasi...................................................................... 130
4. Sistem Pengamanan Bangunan.................................................... 130
5. Sistem Pengolahan Sampah......................................................... 133
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6. Sistem Transportasi/Sirkulasi dalam Bangunan.......................... 133

BAB VI PENUTUP........................................................................................ 135


1. Kesimpulan.................................................................................. 135
2. Saran............................................................................................ 135

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar II.01 Hirearki Tempat Sentral............................................................ 23


Gambar II.02 Orientasi Matahari..................................................................... 24
Gambar II.03 Sudut Ketinggian Matahari....................................................... 25
Gambar II.04 Efek Penahan Panas Dari Matahari Melalui Bukaan Jendela
Pada Musim Panas ................................................................. 25
Gambar II.04 Unsur-Unsur Lansekap.............................................................. 25
Gambar II.06 Pengendalian Angin Oleh Tanaman.......................................... 27
Gambar II.07 Pengendalian Topografi Untuk Mengendaslikan Kebisingan . 27
Gambar II.08 Pemilihan Tanaman .................................................................. 28
Gambar II.09 Jenis-Jenis Tanaman Penutup Tanah......................................... 28
Gambar II.10 Bentang Permukaan Dan Bentang Langit-Langit..................... 29
Gambar II.11 Tanaman Sebagai Penjelas Ruang............................................. 29
Gambar II.12 Perencanaan Tapak Dan Alternatifnya...................................... 30
Gambar II.13 Tree Diagram............................................................................. 38
Gambar II.14 PKM Unhalu............................................................................. 40
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Gambar II.15 Kondisi Ruangan-Ruangan PKM.............................................. 40
Gambar II.16 Gedung Pusgiwa UI.................................................................. 42
Gambar II.17 Gedung Gelanggang Mahasiswa Mahasiswa UGM.................. 49
Gambar III.01 RTRW BWK V Kawasan Andounohu...................................... 52
Gambar III.02 Letak Batas Wilayah Kampus .................................................. 59
Gambar III.03 Pemanfaatan Fungsi lahan ....................................................... 60
Gambar IV.01 RTRW BWK V Kawasan Andounohu ..................................... 62
Gambar IV.02 Analisa Pencapaian Tapak ........................................................ 63
Gambar IV.03 Penzoningan dan Analisis Kebisingan ..................................... 64
Gambar IV.04 Arah Pandangan ....................................................................... 65
Gambar IV.05 Orientasi Matahari dan Angin................................................... 65
Gambar IV.06 Arah Pandangan ....................................................................... 66
Gambar IV.07 Vegetasi/Lanscape .................................................................... 67
Gambar IV.08 Analisa Bentuk Dasar dan TAmpilan Bangunan ...................... 68
Gambar IV.09 Ukuran Luas Standar Pedestrian Way ...................................... 71
Gambar IV.10 Implementasi Standar Ruang Peyandang Cacat ....................... 72
Gambar IV.11 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantor BEM Unhalu............................ 80
Gambar IV.12 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantor MPM ....................................... 81
Gambar IV.13 Kantor BEM fakultas (BEMF) ................................................. 81
Gambar IV.14 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantor DPM Fakultas (DPMF)........... 81
Gambar IV.15 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantor UKM ....................................... 82
Gambar IV.16 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantor IKA Alumni ............................. 82
Gambar IV.17 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantor Majalah Kampus ..................... 82
Gambar IV.18 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantor Radio Kampus.......................... 83
Gambar IV.19 Pola Hubungan Ruang
Kantor Informasi Kemahasiswaan ......................................... 83
Gambar IV.20 Pola Hubungan Ruang Guest House Kemahasiswaan ............. 83
Gambar IV.21 Pola Hubungan Ruang Gedung Serbaguna .............................. 84
Gambar IV.22 Pola Hubungan Ruang Pameran Karya .................................... 84
Gambar IV.23 Pola Hubungan Ruang Seminar................................................ 84
Gambar IV.24 Pola Hubungan Ruang Maintenace .......................................... 85
Gambar IV.25 Pola Hubungan Ruang Kantin .................................................. 85
Gambar IV.26 Pola Hubungan Ruang Fotocopy Center................................... 86
Gambar IV.27 Pola Hubungan Ruang Unit Toko ............................................ 86

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Gambar IV.28 Pola Hubungan Ruang Mushollah ........................................... 86
Gambar IV.29 Pola Hubungan Ruang Unit Toilet Umum ............................... 87
Gambar IV.30 Modul Horisontal ..................................................................... 89
Gambar IV.31 Dilatasi Dengan Dua Kolom .................................................... 90
Gambar IV.32 Dilatasi Dengan Balok Kantilever ........................................... 91
Gambar IV.33 Dilatasi Dengan Balok Gerber ................................................. 91
Gambar IV.34 Dilatasi Dengan Balok Konsol ................................................. 92
Gambar IV.35 Jenis Pondasi Menerus.............................................................. 93
Gambar IV.36 Jenis Pondasi Telapak ............................................................... 94
Gambar IV.37 Pondasi Sumuran Bulat............................................................. 94
Gambar IV.38 Pondasi Gabungan .................................................................... 95
Gambar IV.39 Pondasi Rakit ........................................................................... 95
Gambar IV.40 Jenis Pondasi Tiang pancang Beton Bertulang ........................ 96
Gambar IV.41 Struktur Rangka Kaku .............................................................. 97
Gambar IV.42 Struktur Dasar taman Atap ....................................................... 99
Gambar IV.43 Diagram pola Sistem Plambing ................................................ 100
Gambar IV.44 Sistem Distribusi Ke Atas dan Ke Bawah ................................ 101
Gambar IV.45 Sistem Distriusi Pada Shaf ....................................................... 102
Gambar IV.46 Contoh Perletakan Jaingan Listrik Dalam bangunan ............... 105
Gambar IV.47 Distribusi Jaringan Listrik ........................................................ 105
Gambar IV.48 Skema Sistem Tak Langsung Dengan PT. Telkom .................. 106
Gambar IV.49 Tata Letak Hidran ..................................................................... 109
Gambar IV.50 Hidran Halaman........................................................................ 109
Gambar IV.51 Jenis-Jenis Detektor ................................................................. 110
Gambar IV.52 Spinkler .................................................................................... 111
Gambar IV.53 Penangkal Petir Dengan Sudut Perlindungan 45o..................... 113
Gambar IV.54 Sistem Penangkal Petir Tongkat Faraday ...................................... 114
Gambar IV.55 Penangkal petir sistem Prevecton ............................................. 114
Gambar IV.56 tipikal Layout Shaf Bangunan................................................... 115
Gambar IV.57 Lift Dengan Motor Penggerak/Traksi ...................................... 118
Gambar IV.58 Lift Hidrolik ............................................................................. 118
Gambar IV.59 Tata letak Bersilang .................................................................. 119
Gambar IV.60 Tata Letak Sejajar (Alur Brputar).............................................. 120
Gambar IV.61Tata Letak Sejajar (Alur menerus) ............................................ 120

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Gambar IV.62 Bentuk 3 D Eskalator (Tangga Berjalan) ................................. 120
Gambar IV.63 Jenis-Jenis Tangga .................................................................... 121
Gambar V.01 Lokasi Perencanaan Gedung PKM ............................................ 122
Gambar V.02 Pengolahan Tapak ...................................................................... 123
Gambar V.03 Hasil Pengolahan Bentuk Dasar Dan
Tampilan Bangunan.................................................................. 124
Gambar V.04 Pola Sirkulasi Radial dan Komposit........................................... 125
Gambar V.05 Pola Sirkulasi Kendaraan dan Pejalan Kaki .............................. 125
Gambar V.06 Modul Yang Digunakan ............................................................. 126
Gambar V.07 Sistem Dilatasi Ysng Digunakan ............................................... 126
Gambar V.08 Jenis Pondasi Tiang pancang beton Bertulang........................... 126
Gambar V.09 Gambar Struktur Rangka Kaku ................................................. 127
Gambar V.10 Struktur Dasar Taman Atap ....................................................... 127
Gambar V.11 Skema Distribusi Air Bersih Pada Bangunan ............................ 128
Gambar V.12 Skema Sistem Instalasi Listrik .................................................. 130
Gambar V.13 Kotak hidran Dalam Bangunan ................................................. 131
Gambar V.14 Kotak hidran Luar Bangunan .................................................... 131
Gambar V.15 Gambar Spinkler ........................................................................ 132
Gambar V.16 Sistem Penangkal Petir Tongkat Franklin .................................. 133
Gambar V.17 Gambar Tangga .......................................................................... 134

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel II.01 Tabel Kunci Sistem Pembuangan Air Kotor.................................. 31


Tabel II.02 Tabel Pemakaian Ekivalen............................................................. 32
Tabel II.03 Standar Mutu Bangunan/ Gedung.................................................. 45
Tabel II.04 Standar Mutu Prasarana Umum..................................................... 47
Tabel II.04 Standar Mutu Fasilitas Pembelajaran............................................. 48
Tabel II.02 Standar Mutu Sumber Belajar........................................................ 49
Tabel III.01Jumlah Penduduk Kota Kendari.................................................... 55
Tabel III.02 Penduduk Kota Kendari berumur 15 Thun Ke Atas..................... 55
Tabel III.03 Rencana Tata Guna Lahan Kota Kendari ..................................... 57
Tabel IV.01 Contoh Pola Sirkulasi.................................................................... 69
Tabel IV.02 Kebutuhan Ruang PKM Unhalu................................................... 74
Tabel IV.03 Besaran Ruang Gedung PKM Unhalu......................................... 77
Tabel IV.04 Tabel Penjelasan Pola Hubungan Ruang....................................... 80
Tabel IV.05 Spesifikasi Antara Taman Atap Ekstensi dan Intensif................... 98

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