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Digital Controller 1.

PRODUCT CHECK
REX-C100/C400/C410/C700/C900
C400
INSTRUCTION MANUAL C410
IMNZC21-E1
Thank you for purchasing the RKC instrument. In order to achieve maximum performance
C100
(1) (2) (3)
-
(4) * (6)(7)
C700 -
C900 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) * (6) (7)
and ensure proper operation of your new instrument, carefully read all the instructions (1) Control action
in this manual. Please place this manual in a convenient location for easy reference.
F: PID action with autotuning (Reverse action)
D: PID action with autotuning (Direct action)
WARNING W: Heat/cool PID action with autotuning (Water cooling) 1
An external protection device must be installed if failure of this A : Heat/cool PID action with autotuning (Air cooling) 1
instrument could result in damage to the instrument, equipment or
injury to personnel. (2) Input type, (3) Range code
All wiring must be completed before power is turned on to prevent See 9. INPUT RANGE TABLE.
electric shock, fire or damage to instrument and equipment.
This instrument must be used in accordance with the specifications (4) First control output [OUT1] (Heat-side)
to prevent fire or damage to instrument and equipment. M: Relay contact 8: Current (4 to 20 mA DC)
This instrument is not intended for use in locations subject to V: Voltage pulse
flammable or explosive gases. G: Trigger (for triac driving) 2
Do not touch high-voltage connections such as power supply 3
terminals, etc. to avoid electric shock. (5) Second control output [OUT2] (Cool-side)
RKC is not responsible if this instrument is repaired, modified or No symbol: When control action is F or D. M: Relay contact
disassembled by other than factory-approved personnel. V: Voltage pulse 8: Current (4 to 20 mA DC)
Malfunction can occur and warranty is void under these conditions.
(6) Alarm 1 [ALM1], (7) Alarm 2 [ALM2]
CAUTION N: No alarm H: Process high alarm
A: Deviation high alarm J: Process low alarm
This is a Class A instrument. In a domestic environment, this B: Deviation low alarm K: Process high alarm with hold action
instrument may cause radio interference, in which case the user
may be required to take adequate measures. C: Deviation high/low alarm L: Process low alarm with hold action
This instrument is protected from electric shock by reinforced D: Band alarm P: Heater break alarm (CTL-6) 4
insulation. Provide reinforced insulation between the wire for the E: Deviation high alarm S: Heater break alarm (CTL-12) 4
input signal and the wires for instrument power supply, source of with hold action R: Control loop break alarm 5
power and loads.
Be sure to provide an appropriate surge control circuit respectively F: Deviation low alarm
for the following: with hold action
- If input/output or signal lines within the building are longer than 30 G: Deviation high/low alarm with hold action
meters. 1
- If input/output or signal lines leave the building, regardless the C100 cannot be specified in Heat/cool PID action.
length. 2
For the C100, when control output is trigger output for triac driving, only the
This instrument is designed for installation in an enclosed ALM1 is available.
instrumentation panel. All high-voltage connections such as power 3
supply terminals must be enclosed in the instrumentation panel to For the C100, there is no second control output.
4
avoid electric shock by operating personnel. Heater break alarm cannot be specified in case of ALM1. Also, it isnt possible
All precautions described in this manual should be taken to avoid to specify when control output is current output.
damage to the instrument or equipment. 5
As control loop break alarm, only either the ALM1 or ALM2 is selected.
All wiring must be in accordance with local codes and regulations.
All wiring must be completed before power is turned on to prevent Check that power supply voltage is also the same as that
electric shock, instrument failure, or incorrect action. The power
must be turned off before repairing work for input break and output specified when ordering.
failure including replacement of sensor, contactor or SSR, and all
wiring must be completed before power is turned on again. <Accessories>
To prevent instrument damage of failure, protect the power line and
the input/output lines from high currents with a protection device Mounting brackets (C100/C400/C410/C700/C900): 2
such as fuse, circuit breaker, etc.
Prevent metal fragments or lead wire scraps from falling inside Instruction manual (IMNZC21-E1): 1
instrument case to avoid electric shock, fire or malfunction.
Tighten each terminal screw to the specified torque found in the
manual to avoid electric shock, fire or malfunction.
For proper operation of this instrument, provide adequate
ventilation for heat dispensation.
Do not connect wires to unused terminals as this will interfere with
proper operation of the instrument.
2. MOUNTING
Turn off the power supply before cleaning the instrument.
Do not use a volatile solvent such as paint thinner to clean the 2.1 Mounting Cautions
instrument. Deformation or discoloration will occur. Use a soft, dry
cloth to remove stains from the instrument. (1) This instrument is intended to be used under the following
To avoid damage to instrument display, do not rub with an abrasive
material or push front panel with a hard object. environmental conditions. (IEC61010-1)
Do not connect modular connectors to telephone line. [OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORY II, POLLUTION DEGREE 2]

NOTICE (2) Use this instrument within the following ambient temperature and
This manual assumes that the reader has a fundamental knowledge ambient humidity.
of the principles of electricity, process control, computer technology Allowable ambient temperature: 0 to 50 C
and communications. Allowable ambient humidity: 45 to 85 % RH
The figures, diagrams and numeric values used in this manual are
only for purpose of illustration. (3) Avoid the following when selecting the mounting location.
RKC is not responsible for any damage or injury that is caused as a Rapid changes in ambient temperature which may cause
result of using this instrument, instrument failure or indirect damage. condensation.
Periodic maintenance is required for safe and proper operation of Corrosive or inflammable gases.
this instrument. Some components have a limited service life, or
characteristics that change over time. Direct vibration or shock to the mainframe.
Every effort has been made to ensure accuracy of all information Water, oil, chemicals, vapor or steam splashes.
contained herein. RKC makes no warranty expressed or implied, Excessive dust, salt or iron particles.
with respect to the accuracy of the information. The information in Excessive induction noise, static electricity, magnetic fields or noise.
this manual is subject to change without prior notice.
No portion of this document may be reprinted, modified, copied, Direct air flow from an air conditioner.
transmitted, digitized, stored, processed or retrieved through any Exposure to direct sunlight.
mechanical, electronic, optical or other means without prior written Excessive heat accumulation.
approval from RKC.

All Rights Reserved, Copyright 2004, RKC INSTRUMENT INC.


RKC INSTRUMENT INC.
2.2 Dimensions 2.3 Mounting procedures
Mounting bracket
C100 8 100 C100
When the controllers are mounted on
(Unit: mm) panel with 1 to 5 mm in thickness

44
Since the mounting brackets are already
installed on the controller, insert the
48 + 0.6
25 45 0 controller into the panel front without
removal of the brackets.

+ 0.6
(53)

44
When the controllers are mounted on

0
48

45
panel with 5 to 9 mm in thickness Mounting bracket
Remove the mounting brackets from the

25
controller with a slotted screwdriver.
Hole for 5 to 9 mm
Engage each mounting bracket with holes
marked with 5-9 on the housing and then Hole for 1 to 5 mm
C400 insert the controller into the panel from the
panel front.
43

(Unit: mm)

48 12 100 25 45 +0.6
0 C400/C410/C700/C900
1. Prepare the panel cutout as
specified in 2.2 Dimensions.
Bracket
2. Insert the instrument through Insertion setscrew
recess
+0.8

the panel cutout.


100
96

0
91

92

3. Insert an upper mounting bracket


along the bracket insertion groove
from the back, and then engage a
projection at the bracket end with Bracket
30

a recess at the groove front and insertion


groove Slot
also insert metal fitting legs into
slots.
C410 4. Tighten a bracket setscrew from the rear of the bracket with Phillips
12 100
screwdriver. Do not overtighten the bracket setscrew.
5. The other mounting bracket should be installed the same way described
(Unit: mm)
in 3. and 4.
100

C900 is used in the above figures for explanation, but the same
91

mounting procedures also apply to C400/C410/C700.

+0.8
96 30 92
3. WIRING
0
+0.6
0
43
48

25 45

! WARNING
To prevent electric shock or instrument failure, do not
C700 turn on the power until all the wiring is completed.

(Unit: mm)
67.6

3.1 Wiring Cautions


For thermocouple input, use the appropriate compensation wire.
12 25
+0.7 For RTD input, use low resistance lead wire with no difference in resistance
72 100 68 0
between the three lead wires.
To avoid noise induction, keep input signal wire away from instrument
power line, load lines and power lines of other electric equipment.
+0.7

If there is electrical noise in the vicinity of the instrument that could affect
67.6

0
77
72

68

operation, use a noise filter.


- Shorten the distance between the twisted power supply wire pitches to
achieve the most effective noise reduction.
30

- Always install the noise filter on a grounded panel. Minimize the wiring
distance between the noise filter output and the instrument power supply
terminals to achieve the most effective noise reduction.
C900 - Do not connect fuses or switches to the noise filter output wiring as this will
reduce the effectiveness of the noise filter.
(Unit: mm) Instrument power Twist these liadwires
91

IN OUT Instrument
Noise filter Power
terminals
Shorten distance between Minimize
pitches distance
+0.8
96 12 100 25 92 0
Power supply wiring must be twisted and have a low voltage drop.
About 5 to 6 seconds are required as preparation time for contact output
every time the instrument is turned on. Use a delay relay when the output
+0.8
0
(100)

line, is used for an external interlock circuit.


96

91

92

This instrument is not furnished with a power supply switch or fuses.


Therefore, if a fuse or power supply switch is required, install close to the
instrument.
30

- Fuse type: Time-lag fuse


- Recommended fuse rating: Rated voltage 250 V Rated current: 1 A
Panel thickness: 1 to 5 mm or 5 to 9 mm (C100)
For an instrument with 24 V power supply, supply power from a SELV
1 to 8 mm (C400/C410/C700/C900)
circuit.

2 IMNZC21-E1
3.2 Terminal Configuration
C100
Alarm output
Relay contact
Power supply
1 1 13 14 6 AC L DC + AC L
Alarm 1 or 6 6
Control loop
6
ALM1 2 7 100240V 24V 24V
break alarm
2 3 8 7 7 7
Alarm 2, Heater break NO N N
alarm or Control loop ALM2 4 9
break alarm
3 5 11 12 10 Terminals which are not used according to
NO the controller type are all removed.
When control output is trigger output for triac
Control output driving, the number of alarm output points
CT input Input becomes 1.
Trigger for Voltage pulse/ Relay contact
triac drive Current Current TC input RTD input Voltage/Current Use the solderless terminal appropriate to
T2 3 transformer + 8 A + the screw size.
8 8 Screw size: M3 x 6
OUT OUT RTD
TC Recommended tightening torque:
T1 4 + 4 4 11 12 9 B
9 9 0.4 N m [4 kgf cm]
OUT NO Maximum allowance: 0.7 N m [7 kgf cm]
G 5 5 5 CT 10 B
6.2 mm (0.24 inch) or less
NO: Normally open

Alarm output
C400, C410, C900 1 Ground 1 17 9
2 18 10 Relay contact
Power supply 11 9
3 19
AC L DC + AC L CT input Alarm 1 or
2 2 2 4 20 12 Control loop
Current ALM1
24V 24V 100240V 5 21 13 break alarm
transformer input 10
3
3 3 6 22 14 12 NO Alarm 2, Heater break
N N alarm or Control loop
7 23 15 CT ALM2
break alarm
Control output 8 24 16 13 11
NO
NO: Normally open Voltage pulse/ Relay contact
NC: Normally closed Current Terminals which are not used according to the
OUT2 controller type are all removed.
+ 5 Input An example of the C900 is described here, the
5
Trigger for Voltage pulse/ Relay contact same wiring examples also apply to C400/C410.
triac drive Current OUT2 NO
TC input RTD input Voltage/Current (Terminal numbers 17 to 24 are not provided for
T2 6 6 6 6 14 B C400/C410.)
OUT Use the solderless terminal appropriate to the
OUT OUT1
+ + screw size.
T1 7 7 7 7 7 15 15 B 15 Screw size: M3 x 8
OUT NO OUT1 NO TC RTD Recommended tightening torque:
0.4 N m [4 kgf cm]
G 8 8
NC 8 8 8 16 + 16 A 16 + Maximum allowance: 1.0 N m [10 kgf cm]
F, D action types W, A action types 8.1 mm (0.32 inch) or less

Ground Alarm output


C700 1 1 14 8
Relay contact
2 15 9
Power supply
3 16 10 8
AC L DC + AC L CT input Alarm 1 or
2 2 2 4 Control loop

17 11 Current ALM1
24V 24V 100240V break alarm
5 18 transformer input 9
N
3 3 N
3 NO Alarm 2, Heater break
6 19 12 19 alarm or Control loop
CT ALM2
break alarm
Control output 7 20 13 10
NO: Normally open 20 NO
Voltage pulse/ Relay contact
NC: Normally closed Current Terminals which are not used according to
OUT2
+ 5 Input the controller type are all removed.
5
Trigger for Voltage pulse/ Relay contact Use the solderless terminal appropriate to the
OUT2 NO
triac drive Current TC input RTD input Voltage/Current screw size.
T2 6 6 6 6 11 B
Recommended tightening torque:
OUT 0.4 N m [4 kgf cm]
OUT OUT1
+ + Maximum allowance: 1.0 N m [10 kgf cm]
T1 7 7 7 7 7 12 12 B 12 Screw size: M3 x 6 Screw size: M3 x 8
OUT NO OUT1 NO TC RTD Terminals Nos. 1 to 10 Terminals Nos. 11 to 13
(Power terminals, Alarm (Input terminals)
NC
G 8 8 8 8 8 13 + 13 A 13 + terminals and Output terminals)
6.2 mm (0.24 inch) 8.1 mm (0.32 inch)
F, D action types W, A action types or less or less

Specifications Alarm output: Memory backup:


Input: Relay contact output: Backed up by Nonvolatile Memory
Input type: 250 V AC, 1A (Resistive load) Number of write times:
Thermocouple: K, J, R, S, B, E, T, N, PLII, Electrical life: 50,000 times or more Approx. 100,000 times
W5Re/W26Re, U, L (Rated load) Data storage period:
Input impedance: Approx. 1 M Approx. 10 years
RTD: Pt100, JPt100 Heater break alarm function:
Measured current: Power:
Voltage: 0 to 5 V DC, 1 to 5 V DC Power supply voltage:
Input impedance: 250 k or more 0 to 30 A (CTL-6-P-N) 85 to 264 V AC (Power supply voltage
Current: 0 to 20 mA DC, 4 to 20 mA DC 0 to 100 A (CTL-12-S56-10L-N) range), 50/60 Hz
Input impedance: Approx. 250 Input rating: Maximum current rating: 120 mA Rating: 100 to 240 V AC
Sampling cycle: 0.5 seconds Input impedance: Approx. 2.5 21.6 to 26.4 V AC (Power supply
Input range: See Input range table voltage range), 50/60 Hz
Control method: PID control Performance: Rating: 24 V AC
ON/OFF, P, PI, or PD actions is available Display accuracy 21.6 to 26.4 V DC (Power supply
(at the ambient temperature 23 C 2 C): voltage range)
Control output: Thermocouple: Rating: 24 V DC
Relay contact output: 250 V AC, 3A (Resistive load) (0.5 % of display value + 1 digit) or 3 C [6 F]
Electrical life: Power consumption:
Whichever is greater 6 VA max. (at 100 V AC)
300,000 times or more (Rated load) R and S input: 0 to 399 C [0 to 799 F]:
Voltage pulse output: 0/12 V DC 9 VA max. (at 240 V AC)
6 C [12 F] 6 VA max. (at 24 V AC)
(Load resistance 600 or more) B input: 0 to 399 C [0 to 799 F]:
Current output: 4 to 20 mA DC 145 mA max. (at 24 V DC)
(Load resistance 600 or less) Accuracy is not guaranteed.
Trigger output (for triac driving): Weight:
RTD: (0.5 % of display value + 1 digit) C100: Approx. 170 g
Zero cross method for medium capacity or 0.8 C [1.6 F]
triac driving (100 A or less) C700: Approx. 250 g
whichever is greater C400/C410: Approx. 260 g
Load voltage used:
100 V AC line, 200 V AC line Voltage/Current: (0.5 % of span + 1 digit) C900: Approx. 340 g
Load used: Resistive load
IMNZC21-E1 3
4. PARTS DESCRIPTION
C100 C400 (3) (1) C410 (3) C700, C900
PV
PV
(1) PV PV
ALM1 OUT1 ALM1

ALM2 OUT2 ALM2

OUT
SV
(1) AT (1)
AT
(2)
SV SV
SET

(2) SV
SET

REX-C100 REX-C410 (2)


OUT1 AT ALM1
(3)
(3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
OUT2 ALM2
(4) (2) (5) (6) (7) OUT2 OUT1 AT ALM1 ALM2 (3)
SET (4)

SET

REX-C400 REX-C900

(5) (6) (7) (4) (5) (6) (7)

(1) Measured value (PV) display [Green] Autotuning (AT) lamp [Green] (4) SET (Set key) (6) (DOWN key)
Displays PV or various parameter symbols. Flashes when autotuning is activated. Used for parameter calling up
(After autotuning is completed: AT lamp Decrease numerals.
(2) Set value (SV) display [Orange] and set value registration.
will become OFF) (7) (UP key)
Displays SV or various parameter set values (or
CT input value). Control output lamps (5) (Shift key) Increase numerals.
(OUT1 [Yellow], OUT2 [Green]) Shift digits when settings are
(3) Indication lamps OUT1: Lights when control output is changed.
Alarm output lamps (ALM1, ALM2) [Red]
turned on.*
ALM1: Lights when alarm 1 output is turned on. To avoid damage to the instrument,
OUT2: Lights when cool-side control
ALM2: Lights when alarm 2 output is turned on.
output is turned on. never use a sharp object to press keys.

5. SETTING
5.1 Operation Menu
Parameter Setting Mode
Power ON
This mode is used to set the parameters such as alarms, PID constants, etc. (See 5.2 Parameter List.)
The following parameter symbols are displayed as the SET key is pressed.
Input type and Input range Display Cool-side
Current transformer Control loop break
Automatically (CT) input value Integral time proportioning
alarm (LBA) time
(in 4 sec.) Press (CT) monitor (LbA) (I) (Pc) band *
PV/SV Display Mode the SET key
SET key SET key SET key SET key
for 2 seconds.
The controller will display the measured Alarm 1 set value LBA deadband Derivative time Deadband *
value (PV) and the set value (SV). (ALM1)
(AL1) (Lbd) (D) (db)
SET key SET key SET key SET key
Press the SET key Cool-side
Alarm 2 set value Autotuning (AT) Anti-reset
(ALM2) windup proportioning
SV Setting Mode (AL2) (ATU) (Ar) cycle *
(t)
Press SET key SET key SET key
SET key
This is the mode used to set the SV. the SET key
for 2 seconds. Heater break alarm Proportional Heat-side Set data lock
PV band proportioning
(HBA) set value
SV SV setting (HbA) (P) (T) (LCK)
SET key SET key
SET key SET key
Factory set value: 0 C [F] or 0.0 C [F] Return to the first parameter

This instrument returns to the PV/SV Parameters which are not related to existing * These parameter are not displayed
display mode if no key operation is functions on the controller are not displayed. in C100 controller.
performed for more than one minute.

Input type and input range display


This instrument immediately confirms the input type symbol and input range following power ON.
Example: When sensor type of input is K thermocouple.
Symbol * Input Type Symbol Table
PV
Automatically
PV Input range high Symbol
SV SV
Input range low Thermocouple (TC) RTD
Voltage Current
Input type W5Re/ JPt Pt
Input type symbol * K J R S B E T N PL II U L input input
W26Re 100 100
Unit for input and SV display
(Celsius: C, Fahrenheit: F, Voltage/current input: no character shown)

5.2 Parameter List


The following parameter symbols are displayed as the SET key is pressed.
Parameter symbols which are not related to existing functions on the controller are not displayed.

Symbol Name Setting range Description Factory set value


Current 0.0 to 100.0 A Display input value from the current transformer.
transformer (CT) [Display only] [Displayed only when the instrument has the
input value monitor heater break alarm]
Alarm 1 set value Temperature input: Set the alarm 1 set value and alarm 2 set Temperature input:
(ALM1) Deviation alarm, Process alarm: value. 50 (50.0)
1999 to +9999 C [F] or
For the alarm action type, see page 7.
199.9 to +999.9 C [F] Voltage/current inputs:
Alarm 2 set value Voltage/current inputs: Alarm differential gap: 5.0
(ALM2) Deviation alarm: 199.9 to +200.0 % Temperature input: 2 or 2.0 C [F]
Process alarm: 199.9 to +300.0 % Voltage/current inputs: 0.2 % of span

4 IMNZC21-E1
Symbol Name Setting range Description Factory set value
Heater break 0.0 to 100.0 A Alarm value is set by referring to input value 0.0
alarm (HBA) set from the current transformer (CT).
value 1 Used only for single-phase.
Control loop break 0.1 to 200.0 minutes Set control loop break alarm set value. 8.0
alarm (LBA) time 2
LBA deadband 3 Temperature input: Set the area of not outputting LBA. 0
0 to 9999 C [F] No LBA deadband functions with 0 set.
Voltage/current inputs: Differential gap :
0 to 100 % of span Temperature input: 0.8 C [F ]
Voltage/current inputs: 0.8 % of span
Autotuning (AT) 0: AT end or cancel Turns the autotuning ON/OFF. 0
1: AT start or execution
Proportional band Temperature input: Set when PI, PD or PID control is performed. Temperature input:
1 (0.1) to span Heat/cool PID action: Proportional band 30 (30.0)
0.1 C [F] resolution: setting on the heat-side.
Within 999.9 C [F]
ON/OFF action control when set to 0 (0.0). Voltage/current inputs:
Voltage/current inputs: ON/OFF action differential gap: 3.0
0.1 to 100.0 % of span Temperature input: 2 (0.2) C [F ]
Voltage/current inputs: 0.2 % of span
Integral time 1 to 3600 seconds Set the time of integral action to eliminate the 240
(0 second: PD action) offset occurring in proportional control.
Derivative time 1 to 3600 seconds Set the time of derivative action to improve 60
(0 second: PI action) control stability by preparing for output
changes.
Anti-reset windup 1 to 100 % of heat-side proportional Overshooting and undershooting are 100
(ARW) band (0 %: Integral action OFF) restricted by the integral effect.
Heat-side 1 to 100 seconds Set control output cycle. Relay contact output: 20
proportioning (Not displayed if the control output is Heat/cool PID action: Voltage pulse output/
cycle current output.) Heat-side proportioning cycle Trigger output for triac
driving: 2
Cool-side 1 to 1000 % of heat-side Set cool-side proportional band when 100
proportional band proportional band heat/cool PID action.
Deadband Temperature input: Set control action deadband between 0 or 0.0
10 to +10 C [F] or heat-side and cool-side proportional bands.
10.0 to +10.0 C [F] Minus () setting results in overlap.
Voltage/current inputs:
10.0 to +10.0 % of span
Cool-side 1 to 100 seconds Set control cool-side output cycle for Relay contact output: 20
proportioning (Not displayed if the control output is heat/cool PID action. Voltage pulse output: 2
cycle current output.)
Set data lock 0100: No set data locked Performs set data change enable/disable. 0100
(LCK) (All parameters changeable)
0101: Set data locked
(All parameters locked)
0110: Only the set value (SV) is
changeable with the set data
locked
1
Heater Break Alarm (HBA) function
Precaution for LBA setting:
The HBA function monitors the current flowing through the load by a
Displayed only for when LBA is selected as Alarm 1 or Alarm 2.
dedicated current transformer (CT), compares the measured value with
No control loop break alarm can be used at heat/cool PID control
the HBA set value, and detects a fault in the heating circuit.
action.
The LBA function can not be activated when AT function is turned on.
Low or No current flow (Heater break, malfunction of the control
The LBA function is activated when control output reaches 0 % or
device, etc.):
When the control output is ON and the current transformer input value is 100 %. The time required for the LBA output to turn on includes both
equal to or less than the heater break determination point for the preset the time from the initial occurrence of loop failure and the LBA setting
number of consecutive sampling cycle, an alarm is activated. time. Recommended setting for LBA is for the set value of the LBA to
Over current or short-circuit: be twice the value of the integral time (I).
When the control output is OFF and the current transformer input value is If LBA setting time does not match the controlled object requirements,
equal to or greater than the heater break determination point for the the LBA selling time should be lengthened.
preset number of consecutive sampling cycle, an alarm is activated. If setting time is not correct, the LBA will malfunction by turning on or
off at inappropriate times or not turning on at all.
Precaution for HBA setting:
3
Displayed only for when HBA is selected as Alarm 2. LBA Deadband function
HBA is not available on a current output. The LBA may malfunction due to external disturbances. To prevent
Set the set value to approximately 85 % of the maximum reading of the malfunctioning due to external disturbance, LBA deadband (LBD) sets a
CT input. neutral zone in which LBA is not activated. When the measured value
Set the set value to a slightly smaller value to prevent a false alarm if (PV) is within the LBD area, LBA will not be activated. If the LBD setting
the power supply may become unstable. is not correct, the LBA will not work correctly.
When more than one heater is connected in parallel, it may be
necessary to increase the HBA set value to detect a single heater LBD differential gap*
failure.
When the current transformer is not connected or the HBA set value is
Alarm area A Non-alarm area B Alarm area
set to 0.0, the HBA is turned on.
Low High
2
Control Loop Break Alarm (LBA) function Set value (SV) LBD set value
The LBA function is used to detect a load (heater) break or a failure in the A: During temperature rise: Alarm area B: During temperature rise: Non-alarm area
external actuator (power controller, magnet relay, etc.), or a failure in the During temperature fall: Non-alarm area During temperature fall: Alarm area
B: During temperature rise: Non-alarm area
control loop caused by an input (sensor) break. The LBA function is * TC and RTD inputs: 0.8 C [F] (fixed) Voltage/Current inputs: 0.8 % of span (fixed)
activated when control output reaches 0 % or 100 %. LBA monitors
variation of the measured value (PV) for the length of LBA time. When
the LBA time has elapsed and the PV is still within the alarm
determination range, the LBA will be ON.
IMNZC21-E1 5
5.3 Changing Parameter Settings 6.3 Autotuning (AT) Function
Procedures to change parameter settings are shown below. Autotuning (AT) automatically measures, calculates and sets the optimum PID
and LBA constants. The following conditions are necessary to carry out
To store a new value for the parameter, always press the SET key. autotuning and the conditions which will cause the autotuning to stop.
The display changes to the next parameter and the new value will be stored. Caution for using the Autotuning (AT)
A new value will not be stored without pressing SET key after the new When a temperature change (UP and/or Down) is 1 C or less per
value is displayed on the display. minute during Autotuning, Autotuning may be cancelled before
After a new value has been displayed by using the UP and DOWN keys, calculating PID values. In that case, adjust the PID values
the SET key must be pressed within one minute, or the new value is not manually. It is possible to happen when the set value is around
stored and the display will return to the PV/SV monitor screen. the ambient temperature or is close to the maximum temperature
achieved by the load.
Change the set value (SV)
z Requirements for AT start
Change the set value (SV) from 0 C to 200 C Start the autotuning when all following conditions are satisfied:
1. Select the SV setting mode Prior to starting the AT function, end all the parameter settings other than PID
Press the SET key at PV/SV monitor screen until SV setting screen is displayed. and LBA.
PV PV Confirm the LCK function has not been engaged.
When the autotuning is finished, the controller will automatically
returns to PID control.
PV/SV monitor display SV SV SV setting display
(PV/SV display mode) (SV setting mode) Requirements for AT cancellation
2. Shift the high-lighted digit The autotuning is canceled if any of the following conditions exist.
Press the shift key to high-light the hundreds digit. When the set value (SV) is changed.
When the PV bias value is changed.
The high-lighted digit indicates which digit can be set. When the PV becomes abnormal due to burnout.
PV PV
When the power is turned off.
When power failure longer than 20 ms occurs.
SV SV If the AT is canceled, the controller immediately changes to PID
control. The PID values will be the same as before AT was activated.
3. Change the set value When AT is completed, the controller immediately changes to PID
Press the UP key to change the number to 2. control. If the control system does not allow the AT cycling process,
PV PV set each PID constant manually to meet the needs of the application.

7. INITIAL SETTING
SV SV

4. Store the set value


Press the SET key to store the new set value. The display returns to the
PV/SV monitor screen.
PV PV
! WARNING
Parameters in the Initialization mode should be set according to the
SV SV PV/SV monitor display
application before setting any parameter related to operation. Once
(PV/SV display mode) the Parameters in the Initialization mode are set correctly, those
parameters are not necessary to be changed for the same application
Change parameters other than the set value (SV)
z under normal conditions. If they are changed unnecessarily, it may
The changing procedures are the same as those of example 2 to 4 in the result in malfunction or failure of the instrument. RKC will not bear
above "z Change the set value (SV)". Pressing the SET key after the setting any responsibility for malfunction or failure as a result of improper
end shifts to the next parameter. When no parameter setting is required, return changes in the Initialization mode.
the instrument to the PV/SV display mode.
7.1 Go to Initialization Mode
1. Turn on the power to this controller. The instrument goes to the PV/SV
6. OPERATION 2.
display after confirming input type symbol and input range.
Press the SET key for five seconds to go to the Parameter Setting Mode
from the PV/SV display.
3. Press the SET key until LCK (Set Data Lock display) will be displayed.
CAUTIONS 4. The high-lighted digit indicates which digit can be set. Press shift key to
high-light the hundreds digit. (The section in each image of the
zAll mounting and wiring must be completed before the power is turned controller shows the digits which are not high-lighted.)
on. If the input signal wiring is disconnected or short-circuited (RTD PV
input only), the instrument determines that burnout has occurred. Set data lock function display

Displays: SV
Upscale: Thermocouple input, RTD input (when input break)
Downscale: Thermocouple input (specify when ordering), 5. Press the DOWN key to change 1 to 0.
RTD input (when short-circuited), PV
Voltage input (1 to 5 V DC), Current input (4 to 20 mA DC) Set value
For the voltage (0 to 5 V DC) or current (0 to 20 mA DC) input, the SV 0: Initialization mode unlocked
display becomes indefinite (display of about zero value). 1: Initialization mode locked

Outputs: 6. Press the SET key to store the new set value. The display goes to the
Control output: OFF (Heat/Cool control: the control output on next parameter, and the Initialization mode is unlocked.
both heat-side and cool-side is turned off) PV

Alarm output: Both of the Alarm 1 and Alarm 2 outputs of this CT1 input value display
instrument are turned on when burnout occurs SV
The parameter displayed varies
regardless of any of the following actions taken. (High on the instrument specification.
alarm, low alarm, etc.) In addition, when used for any 7. Press the shift key for five seconds while pressing the SET key to go to
purposes other than these alarms (event, etc.), specify the Initialization Mode. When the controller goes to the Initialization Mode,
the Z-124 specification (not to be forcibly turned on). SL1 will be displayed.
zA power failure of 20 ms or less will not affect the control action. CT1 input value PV PV

When a power failure of more than 20 ms occurs, the instrument display Initialize code
selection display
assumes that the power has been turned off. When power returns, SV SV of initialization
the controller will retain the conditions that existed prior to shut down. mode
zThe alarm hold action is activated when not only the power is If the control is set to the initial set mode, all outputs are turned OFF.
turned on, but also the SV is changed.
7.2 Exit Initialization Mode
6.1 Operating Precautions When any parameter setting is changed in the Initialization
(1) All mounting and wiring must be completed before the power is turned on. Mode, check all parameter set values in SV Setting Mode and
(2) The settings for the SV and all parameters should be appropriate for the Parameter Setting Mode.
controlled object. 1. Press the shift key for five seconds while pressing the SET key from any
(3) A power supply switch is not furnished with this instrument. It is ready to display in the Initialization Mode. The controller goes back to the operation
operate as soon as the power is turned on. mode and the PV/SV display will be displayed.
2. Press the SET key for five seconds in the PV/SV display.
3. Press the SET key until LCK (Set Data Lock display) will be displayed.
6.2 Set Data Lock (LCK) Function 4. The high-lighted digit indicates which digit can be set. Press shift key to
The set data lock restricts parameter setting changes by key operation. This high-light the hundreds digit.
PV
function prevents the operator from making errors during operation.
Set data lock function display
Set value Parameters which can be changed SV

0100 All parameters [Factory set value]


0101 No parameters [All Locked] 5. Press the SET key to store the new set value. The display goes to the
0110 SV next parameter, and the Initialization mode is locked.
PV

Parameters protected by Set Data Lock function are still displayed for CT1 input value display
monitoring. SV
The parameter displayed varies on
the instrument specification.

6 IMNZC21-E1
7.3 Initial Setting Menu Change Settings
Display flowcharts in Initialization mode are shown in the following. Example: Change the temperature unit of the Heat only type
from C (0000) to F (0001)
Do not change to the section parameters and any parameter in
the Initialization mode which is not described in the initial setting 1. Press the SET key until SL2 is displayed.
menu below. It may result in malfunction or failure of the instrument. 2. Press the UP key to change the number to 1.
PV PV
PV/SV display mode or Parameter setting mode
Press the shift key while pressing
SV SV
the SET key for five seconds with
the unlocked.
3. Press the SET key to store the new set value. The display goes to the
Input type selection next parameter.
(SL1)
SET key
Temperature unit and
SET key
PV bias
7.6 Alarm 1 [ALM1] Type Selection (SL4)
cooling type selection
(Pb)
Alarm 2 [ALM2] Type Selection (SL5)
SET key SET key If the alarm function is not provided with the instrument when shipped from the
ON/OFF action factory, no alarm output is available by changing SL4 and/or SL5.
differential gap
(oH) SL4 is set to 0000 in the following cases.
SET key SET key
When the instrument does not have ALM1 output
Alarm1 type Alarm 1 differential gap When Control Loop Break Alarm (LBA) is provided and assigned
selection to ALM1
(SL4) (AH1)
SET key SET key
SL5 is set to 0000 in the following cases.
Alarm2 type Alarm 2 differential gap When the instrument does not have ALM2 output
selection
(SL5) (AH2) When Control Loop Break Alarm (LBA) is provided and assigned
SET key SET key to ALM2
Setting limiter [high] When the SV alarm is provided and assigned to ALM2
(SLH)
When the Heater Break Alarm (HBA) is provided
SET key SET key
Factory set value varies depending on the instrument specification.
Setting limiter [low]
Set value Details of setting
SET key
(SLL) 0000 No alarm
SET key
0001 Deviation high alarm
0101 Deviation low alarm
7.4 Input Type Selection (SL1) 0010 Deviation high/low alarm
0110 Band alarm
When any parameter setting is changed in the Initialization Mode,
0011 Process high alarm
check all parameter set values in SV Setting Mode and Parameter
Setting Mode. 0111 Process low alarm
Factory set value varies depending on the input type. 1001 Deviation high alarm with hold action *
1101 Deviation low alarm with hold action *
Set value Input type Hardware
1010 Deviation high/low alarm with hold action *
0000 K 1011 Process high alarm with hold action *
0001 J 1111 Process low alarm with hold action *
0010 L
0011 E * Hold action:
0100 N When Hold action is ON, the alarm action is suppressed at start-up or the
A control set value change until the measured value enters the non-alarm range.
0111 R Thermocouple
1000 S (TC)
Alarm action type
1001 B
Both of the Alarm 1 and Alarm 2 outputs of this instrument are turned on when
1010 W5Re/W26Re burnout occurs regardless of any of the following actions taken (High alarm, low
1011 PL II alarm, etc.). In addition, when used for any purposes other than these alarms
0101 T (event, etc.), specify the Z-124 specification (not to be forcibly turned on).
B
0110 U
Deviation high alarm ( : SV : Alarm set value)
1100 Pt100 (JIS/IEC) Deviation high/low alarm
RTD C (Alarm set value is greater than 0.)
1101 JPt100 (JIS) OFF ON PV ON OFF ON PV
Low High
1110 0 to 5 V DC Low High

Voltage D (Alarm set value is less than 0.) Band alarm


1111 1 to 5 V DC OFF ON PV OFF ON OFF
Low High PV
1110 0 to 20 mA DC Low High
Current E Deviation low alarm
Process high alarm
1111 4 to 20 mA DC (Alarm set value is greater than 0.)
ON OFF OFF ON PV
Conduct setting so as to meet the instrument specification (input type). Low High
PV Low High

Setting change between different symbols may cause malfunction, (Alarm set value is less than 0.) Process low alarm
but the setting can be changed when hardware types have the same ON OFF PV ON OFF PV
High Low High
symbol. However, when the setting is changed, always reset SLH Low

and SLL (See page 8).


Change Settings
Example: Change the input type from K to J
Change Settings
Example: Change the ALM1 type from Deviation high alarm (0001) to
1. Press the SET key. The display will go to SL1. PV
Deviation low alarm (0101)
1. Press the SET key three times at SL1 until SL4 is displayed.
SV
2. Press the shift key to high-light the hundreds digit.
3. Press the UP key to change the number to 1.
Input type selection
2. Press the UP key to change the number to 1. PV PV
PV

SV SV
SV

4. Press the SET key to store the new set value.


3. Press the SET key to store the new set value.
The display goes to the next parameter.
The display goes to the next parameter.

7.5 Temperature Unit and Cooling Type 7.7 PV bias (Pb)


Selection (SL2) The value set in the PV bias is added to the input value (actual measured
Inappropriate settings may result in malfunction. Control type between value) to correct the input value. The PV bias is used to correct the individual
Heat Only and Heat/Cool cannot be changed by this parameter. variations in the sensors or when there is difference between the measured
Factory set value varies depending on the instrument specification. values (PV) of other instruments.
Setting range: Temperature input: 1999 to +9999 C [F] or
Description
Set 199.9 to +999.9 C [F]
Temperature Voltage/current inputs: 199.9 to +200.0 %
value unit Cooling type selection
Factory set value: Temperature input: 0 C [F] or 0.0 C [F]
0000 C Air cooling (A type) or Heat only type (F, D type) Voltage/current inputs: 0.0 %
0001 F Air cooling (A type) or Heat only type (F, D type)
0010 C Water cooling (W type)
0011 F Water cooling (W type) Continued on the next page.

IMNZC21-E1 7
Continued from the previous page. 1. Press the SET key at SLH is displayed. PV

Change Settings
SV
Example: When the temperature is measured by two instruments
When the measured values (PV) are as shown in the following: Setting limiter [high] display
Main unit = 198 C
Recorder = 200 C 2. Press the shift key to high-light the tens digit. PV
If a PV bias correction value of +2 C is added to the measured value the
main unit, the displayed value become:
SV
Displayed value = Measured value (PV) + PV bias
= 198 C + 2 C = 200 C
The setting procedures is described in the following. 3. Press the DOWN key to change the number to 8. PV
1. Press the SET key at Pb is displayed. PV

SV

SV

4. Press the SET key to store the new set value.


The display goes to the next parameter.
2. Press the UP key to change the number to 2. PV

SV
8. ERROR DISPLAYS
3. Press the SET key to store the new set value.
The display goes to the next parameter. Error display
RAM failure (Incorrect Turn off the power once. If an
7.8 ON/OFF Action Differential Gap (oH) set data write, etc.) error occurs after the power is
turned on again, please contact
Setting range: Temperature input: 0 to 100 C [F] or RKC sales office or the agent.
0.0 to 100.0 C [F]
Voltage/current inputs: 199.9 to +200.0 % Overscale and Underscale
Factory set value: Temperature input: 2 C [F] or 2.0 C [F] Measured value (PV) PV is outside of input
Voltage/current inputs: 0.2 % of span range. ! WARNING
[Flashing]
Change Settings Overscale: To prevent electric shock,
Example: Change the On/Off Action differential gap from 2 C to 4 C PV is above the high always turn off the power
before replacing the sensor.
1. Press the SET key at oH is displayed. [Flashing] input display range limit.
2. Press the UP key to change the number to 4. Underscale: Check input type, input range,
3. Press the SET key to store the new set value. The display goes to the PV is below the low sensor and sensor connection.
next parameter. [Flashing] input display range limit.

7.9 Alarm 1 Differential Gap (AH1)


Alarm 2 Differential Gap (AH2) 9. INPUT RANGE TABLE
Setting range: Temperature input: 0 to 100 C [F] or TC/RTD
0.0 to 100.0 C [F] Input type Range Code Range Code Range Code
Voltage/current inputs: 0.0 to 10.0 % 0 to 200 C K 01 0 to 400 C K 02 0 to 600 C K 03
Factory set value: Temperature input: 2 C [F] or 2.0 C [F] 0 to 800 C K 04 0 to 1000 C K 05 0 to 1200 C K 06
Voltage/current inputs: 0.2 % of span K 0 to 1372 C K 07 0 to 100 C K 13 0 to 300 C K 14
0 to 450 C K 17 0 to 500 C K 20 0 to 800 F K A1
Change Settings 0 to 1600 F K A2 0 to 2502 F K A3 20 to 70 F K A9
Example: Change the Alarm 1 differential gap from 2 C to 4 C 0 to 200 C J 01 0 to 400 C J 02 0 to 600 C J 03
1. Press the SET key at AH1 is displayed. 0 to 800 C J 04 0 to 1000 C J 05 0 to 1200 C J 06
J
2. Press the UP key to change the number to 4. 0 to 450 C J 10 0 to 800 F J A1 0 to 1600 F J A2
3. Press the SET key to store the new set value. The display goes to the 0 to 2192 F J A3 0 to 400 F J A6 0 to 300 F J A7
next parameter. 1 0 to 1600 C R 01 0 to 1769 C R 02 0 to 1350 C R 04
R
0 to 3200 F R A1 0 to 3216 F R A2
1 0 to 1600 C S 01 0 to 1769 C S 02 0 to 3200 F S A1
7.10 Setting Limiter [High] (SLH) S
0 to 3216 F S A2
400 to 1800 C B 01 0 to 1820 C B 02 800 to 3200 F B A1
Setting Limiter [Low] (SLL) TC
B
2
0 to 3308 F B A2
For voltage or current input, set scaling within the input range. 0 to 800 C E 01 0 to 1000 C E 02 0 to 1600 F E A1
E
0 to 1832 F E A2
See 9. INPUT RANGE TABLE. 0 to 1200 C N 01 0 to 1300 C N 02 0 to 2300 F N A1
N
Factory set value varies depending on the instrument specification. 0 to 2372 F N A2
199.9 to +400.0 C T 01 199.9 to +100.0 C T 02 100.0 to +200.0 C T 03
Input type Setting range *
T 0.0 to 350.0 C T 04 199.9 to +752.0 F T A1 100.0 to +200.0 F T A2
K 0 to 1372 C 0 to 2502 F 100.0 to +400.0 F T A3 0.0 to 450.0 F T A4 0.0 to 752.0 F T A5
J 0 to 1200 C 0 to 2192 F W5Re/W26Re 0 to 2000 C W 01 0 to 2320 C W 02 0 to 4000 F W A1
R 0 to 1769 C 0 to 3216 F PLII
0 to 1300 C A 01 0 to 1390 C A 02 0 to 1200 C A 03
S 0 to 1769 C 0 to 3216 F 0 to 2400 F A A1 0 to 2534 F A A2
B 0 to 1820 C 0 to 3308 F U
199.9 to +600.0 C U 01 199.9 to +100.0 C U 02 0.0 to 400.0 C U 03
199.9 to +999.9 F U A1 100.0 to +200.0 F U A2 0.0 to 999.9 F U A3
TC E 0 to 1000 C 0 to 1832 F
0 to 400 C L 01 0 to 800 C L 02 0 to 800 F L A1
N 0 to 1300 C 0 to 2372 F L
0 to 1600 F L A2
T 199.9 to +400.0 C 199.9 to +752.0 F
199.9 to +649.0 C D 01 199.9 to +200.0 C D 02 100.0 to +50.0 C D 03
W5Re/W26Re 0 to 2320 C 0 to 4208 F 100.0 to +100.0 C D 04 100.0 to +200.0 C D 05 0.0 to 50.0 C D 06
PLII 0 to 1390 C 0 to 2534 F 0.0 to 100.0 C D 07 0.0 to 200.0 C D 08 0.0 to 300.0 C D 09
U 199.9 to +600.0 C 199.9 to +999.9 F Pt100 0.0 to 500.0 C D 10 199.9 to +999.9 F D A1 199.9 to +400.0 F D A2
L 0 to 800 C 0 to 1600F 199.9 to +200.0 F D A3 100.0 to +100.0 F D A4 100.0 to +300.0 F D A5
0.0 to 100.0 F D A6 0.0 to 200.0 F D A7 0.0 to 400.0 F D A8
RTD Pt100 199.9 to +649.0 C 199.9 to 999.9 F RTD
0.0 to 500.0 F D A9
JPt100 199.9 to +649.0 C
199.9 to +649.0 C P 01 199.9 to +200.0 C P 02 100.0 to +50.0 C P 03
* Limit setting becomes SLH SLL. 100.0 to +100.0 C P 04 100.0 to +200.0 C P 05 0.0 to 50.0 C P 06
JPt100
When changing the high-limit (SLH) and the low-limit (SLL) limiter 0.0 to 100.0 C P 07 0.0 to 200.0 C P 08 0.0 to 300.0 C P 09
0.0 to 500.0 C P 10
settings, always set the set-value (SV) within the limiter range.
1
0 to 399 C [0 to 799 F]: 6 C [12 F]
Change Settings 2
0 to 399 C [0 to 799 F]: Accuracy is not guaranteed.
Example: The input range (input scale range) is from 0.0 to 100.0 C,
the setting limiter (high) is 80.0 C. Voltage/current inputs
Setting range Type Range Code Type Range Code
0 to 5 V DC 0.0 to 100.0 % 4 01 0 to 20 mA DC 0.0 to 100.0 % 7 01
0.0 C 80.0 C 100.0 C
1 to 5 V DC 0.0 to 100.0 % 6 01 4 to 20 mA DC 0.0 to 100.0 % 8 01
Setting limiter
(high)
The first edition: APR. 2004 [IMQ00]

HEADQUARTERS: 16-6, KUGAHARA 5-CHOME, OHTA-KU TOKYO 146-8515 JAPAN


RKC INSTRUMENT INC. PHONE: 03-3751-9799 (+81 3 3751 9799) E-mail: info@rkcinst.co.jp
FAX: 03-3751-8585 (+81 3 3751 8585)
IMNZC21-E1 APR. 2004