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Q1.

Choose the appropriate answer for each from the given options:

1. 18g of glucose contain:


* 6.021023 molecules * 6.021022 molecules *3.011023 molecules * none of these
o
2. Zero C is equal to:
*0K * 273 K * -273 K *37 oF
-4
3. The pH of a 10 M NaOH will be:
*4 * -4 * 10 * none of these
4. Which of the following is sp2 hybridized:
* NH3 * C2H2 * C2H6 * BF3
5. Following is an example of: M M ++ e-
* Oxidation * Reduction * Radioactivity * none of these
6. An orbital can hold _____ electrons.
*2 * 2n2 * 4l + 2 * none of these
7. Which of the following is an intensive property:
* concentration *density * temperature * all of these
8. The units of Kc for the reaction A + B 2C will be:
* dm3 per mole * mole per dm3 * unity * none of these
9. At room temperature and pressure, the valance electrons of an atom are present in:
* ground state * excited state * random motion * none of these
10. Which of the following occurs at anode?
* Oxidation * Reduction * Redox reaction * Electrolysis
11. Avogadros number rounded to one significant figure:
*6 * 6.001023 * 61023 * none of these
12. Fast reactions have _________ activation energy.
* Low * High * Negative * Positive
13. 1 dm3 of an ideal gas at STP has _______ moles.
*1 * 22.4 *1/22.4 * none of these
14. Which of the following molecules is non-polar:
* H-Cl * H2O * Cl-Cl * all of these
15. Increase in temperature increases the rate by:
* decreasing threshold energy * decreasing activation energy
* increasing average kinetic energy of the molecules * none of these
16. The empirical formula of methanol (CH3OH) will be:
* CH2O * CH4O * CHO none of these
17. The volume of 100 moles of an ideal gas at zero kelvin and 1 atm will be:
* Zero * 2240 dm3 * 22.4 dm3 * none of these
18. During experiment, average of several replicate measurements removes/ minimizes:
* negative error * positive error * it has no systematic error * random error
19. The number of moles present in 180 g of water is:
* 1.0 * 10 * 11 * 18
20. The number of moles in 1.12 dm3 of CO2 gas at S.T.P. is:
* 0.05 * 0.25 * 0.5 * 6.02 x 1023
21. Gram Molecular weight of H2SO4 is:
* 98 g * 65 g * 49 g * 36.5 g
22. A unit cell having edges a b c and angles 90o is:
* Cube * Hexagonal * Monoclinic * Triclinic
23. This gas diffuses most rapidly:
* Cl2 * CO2 * CH4 * O2
24. Of the following liquids, which has the greatest viscosity?
* CH3 O CH3 * C2H5 OH *chloroform *water
25. The number of moles in 22.4 dm3 of a gas at 25 oC and 1atm is:
* 0.05 * 0.25 * 0.5 * 6.02 x 1023
26. 1 centipoise is equal to:
* 10-2 N.S.m-2 * 10-4 N.S.m-2 * 10-3 N.S.m-2 * 10-5 N.S.m-2
27. Random error in an average of multiple readings would be:
* Negative * Positive * maximum * minimum
28. Which of the following contains least number of molecules?
* 1g of H2(g) * 8g of O2(g) * 7.1g of Cl2(g) * 18g of H2O(liq)
29. What is the concentration of a solution made by dissolving 0.50453 moles of NaOH in 0.50 dm3of pure
water? Give your answer according to the rules of significant figures:
* 0.10091 mol * 0.101 mol * 0.10 mol * 0.1 mol
dm dm dm dm
30. Taking replicate readings will have least or no effect on:
* precision * systematic error * random error * average value
31. Normal boiling point of water is 373K; which of the following atmospheric pressure is likely to have a
corresponding boiling point of 357K:
* 0.5 atm * 1 atm * 2 atm * 4 atm
32. Unlike other solids, the melting point of ice decreases when compressed. Which of the following forces is
responsible for this behavior?
* Hydrogen bonding * Van der Waal forces * Ionic bonding * atmospheric pressure
33. Which of the following is an exothermic change?
* Condensation * Vaporization * both of these * None of these
34. Which of the following is the S.I unit of viscosity?
* N.s.m2 * N.s.m-2 * N.s.m-1 * Pascal
35. The volume of 0.1 moles of a gas at STP would be:
* 2.24 dm3 * 2.4dm3 * less than 2.24dm3 * more than 2.24dm3
36. How many Joules are equal to one calorie?
* 4.184 J * 41.84 J * 418.4J * 4188J
37. The shape of graphite crystal is:
* Cubic * Trigonal * Tetragonal * Hexagonal
38. In a chemical reaction, equilibrium is said to have established when:
* concentration of reactants and products are equal * the reaction cease
* velocities of opposing reactions become equal * none of these
39. Which of the following solids do not have any covalent bonds?
* Ice * diamond * Graphite * Copper
40. Which of the following is used to predict the effect of change in pressure over chemical equilibrium?
* General gas equation * 1st Law of thermodynamics * Hesss Law * Le Chateliers Principle
41. Which of the following quantities are defined as E + PV?
* Entropy * Enthalpy * Pressure-Volume work * Threshold energy
42. Total energy change associated with a chemical process depends only on the initial and final state. This
statement is known as:
* Law of thermodynamics * Law of mass action * Hesss law * none of these
43. The 1st Ionization Potentials of Lithium (Z=3) and Potassium (Z=19) is 520KJmol-1 and 418KJmol-1
respectively. Which one of the following can be the 1st Ionization Potential of Sodium (Z=11)?
* 800 KJmol-1 * 577 KJmol-1 * 495 KJmol-1 * 378 KJmol-1
+
44. The geometrical shape of a H3O ion would be:
* Trigonal planar * Pyramidal * Angular * Tetrahedral
45. From the following orbitals, the one with the lowest (n+l) value is:
* 3d * 4s * 4f * 5s
46. Which of the following pairs of values become equal when a reversible reaction reaches equilibrium?
* Kp and Kc * Concentrations of reactant and product
* Rates of forward and backward reactions * Activation and threshold energies
47. Which of the following decreases down the electrochemical series?
* ease of oxidation * ease of reduction * reduction potential * oxidation number
48. The half-cell reaction during the electrolysis of will occur:
* at cathode * at anode * across the salt bridge * at the + electrode
49. Gram Molecular weight of H2SO4 is:
* 98 g * 65 g * 49 g * 36.5 g
50. In which of the following type of solutions is the product of ionic concentrations is equal to Ksp?
* true solution * unsaturated solution * saturatedsolution * supersaturated solution
51. The rate constant of a reaction depends upon:
* Temperature * Initial concentration of reactant * Time of reaction *Extent of reaction
52. If the order of a reaction is zero, then increase in temperature will:
* increase the yield * increase the rate * decrease the rate * have no effect on rate
53. Which of the following assumptions is not consistent with kinetic molecular theory of gases?
* large intermolecular spaces * infinitesimal molecular size
* elastic collisions between molecules * significant intermolecular attraction
54. The statement a gas cannot expand without expense of energy is an equivalent of:
* Law of thermodynamics * Law of mass action * General gas equation * Quantum theory
55. Which of the following properties of a liquid allows its use in hydraulics?
* Fluidity * incompressibility * viscosity * diffusion
56. This is not intensive property:
* Viscosity * Entropy * Density * Refractive Index
57. The term active mass generally refers to:
* The mass * number of moles * molar concentration * rate of a reaction

58. The order of reaction Cl2(g) 2Cl(g) is :


* Zero * one * two * unknown
59. Which of the following samples of gases have the same number of molecules at STP:
* 100 cm3 of H2 and 100 cm3 of Cl2 * 11.2 dm3 of O2 and 32g of O2
3
* 44g of CO2 and 11.2 dm of CO * 28g of N2 and 5.6 dm3 of O2
60. When 100g of carbon is burnt in excess of air, carbon act as a/an:
* oxidizing agent * acid * limiting reactant * catalyst
61. How many Joules are equal to 100 calorie?
* 4.184 J * 41.84 J * 418.4J * 4188J
62. The order of photosynthesis reaction is :
* Zero * one * two * unknown
63. Which of the following suggests that a gas has zero volume at -273.16oC?
* Boyles Law * Charless Law * Avogadros Law * Rate Law
64. The following property of liquid state allow its use in hydraulic systems:
* Diffusibility * Viscosity * Vapour pressure * Incompressibility
65. Which of the following is an example of covalent crystals?
* Diamond * Ice * NaCl * Metals
66. The value of rate constant K of a chemical reaction depends upon:
* Concentration of reactants * Pressure * Temperature * all of these
67. = represents:
* Hesss Haw * First law of thermodynamics * Activation energy * Law of mass action
o
68. The vapour pressure of water at 100 C is:
* 76 cm of Hg * 760 atm * 76 torr * 76 atm
69. In an unsaturated solution, the product of ionic concentration is:
* Zero * more than Ksp * equal toKsp *less than Ksp
70. Chemical equilibrium of a reversible reaction is not influenced by:
* Pressure * Catalyst * Temperature * Concentration of reactants L
71. The empirical formula of a compound is CH2O and its molecular mass is 30, its molecular formula will be:
* CH2O * C2H4O2 * C3H6O3 * C6H12O6
72. The reaction NH4Cl(s) NH3(g) + HCl(g) shows that NH4Cl is:
* basic * neutral * limiting reactant * a sublime solid
73. This is not an extensive property:
* Energy * Mass * Enthalpy * Viscosity
74. For the exothermic reversible reaction ( ) + ( ) 2 ( ) , the reaction can be shifted forwards by:
* increasing pressure * increase in temperature * increasing concentration of C * none of these
75. Which indicator is used in redox titration of KMnO4 and FeSO4 solution?
* phenolphathaline * methyl orange * sulphuric acid * none of these
1. 1.40 dm3 volume of a gas measured at 27oC and 900 torr pressure was found to have a mass of 2.273 g.
Calculate the molecular mass of the gas.
2. By using gas laws, prove that PV=nRT for an ideal gas.
3. State the following laws:
* Daltons Law of Partial pressure * Grahams Law of Diffusion
4. What are the two important traits of an ideal gas?
5. 1 mole of H2, 2 moles of N2 and 3 moles of O2gases are mixed in a container. The total pressure of the
container is 15 atmospheres. What is the partial the pressure of O2gas in that container?
6. Give scientific reasons of the following:
* On heating sublime substances like iodine and camphor they directly change from solid to gas.
* A freely falling drop of liquid is spherical.
7. Termesic acid (molecular mass=210 a.m.u) is an Organic compound, which contains 51.42% Carbon, 2.85%
Hydrogen and 45.71% Oxygen by mass. Find its molecular formula.
8. Define the following terms:
* Stoichiometry * Limiting Reactant
* Significant figures * Avogadros number
9. Define the following terms:
* Limiting reactant * Enthalpy * Velocity of a reaction * Solubility product
10. CaCO3 decomposes as follows when heated above 840oC:
( ) ( )+ ( )
Calculate the volume of CO2(g) at 35oC and 1000 torr pressure, formed by complete decomposition of 25g of
CaCO3.
11. The average velocity of a molecule of a gas is inversely proportional to density of the gas. At a certain
temperature and pressure, hydrogen molecules move at an average velocity of 1.84x103m/s. Estimate the
average velocity of Chlorine molecule under the same conditions.
12. A gas expands under constant pressure of 106 / when heated from 298K to 313K. If the initial volume of
the gas was 0.001m3, then find the Pressure-Volume work done by the gas?
13. Theoretically, graphite can be converted to diamond. With the help of the combustion data given below, find
the enthalpy of the conversion ( ) ( ) =? :

( )+ ( ) ( ) = 393.5
( )+ ( ) ( ) = 395.4
Use the examples of the given atoms to explain the following rules of electronic configurations:
* N (z=7) for rule of maximum multiplicity * K (z=19) for (n+l) rule
14. Differentiate between the following:
* Orbit and Orbital * Continuous and Line Spectra
15. Lassaigne test shows that a compound contains Nitrogen. Complete combustion of 5.0 grams of that
compound yielded 14.375 grams of NO2 and 5.625 grams of H2O. Using this information, find the empirical
formula of the compound.
16. Explain the following terms using the example of ion:
* Coordinate covalent bond * sp3 hybridization
17. Give reasons for the following:
* Ionization Potential of Nitrogen is greater than Oxygen.
* P and Cl atoms form PCl5 but P and I atoms form PI3.
* Mercury forms convex meniscus while water forms concave meniscus.
* CO2 molecule is non-polar while CO bond is polar.
* Electronegativity of elements decreases from left to right along a period.
18. Kc for the following reaction is 4. Calculate the equilibrium concentration of CH 3 COOC 2 H 5 when
1.66moles of CH 3 COOH and 2.17 moles of C 2 H 5 OH are allowed to come to equilibrium:
+ +
19. What is chemical equilibrium? Illustrate it with the help of graph. What is the effect of increase in
temperature on a chemical equilibrium?
20. For the redox cell ( ) (1 ) 2 ( ) ( ):
* Write the half cell equations
* Suggest the sign of the reduction potential of ( )
* identify the reaction at cathode.
21. Balance any one of the equations by ion-electron method:
* + + + (basic medium)
* + + (acidic medium)
22. Determine the order of the following reaction using the initial rate data:
A B2
AB2
Experiment [A] [B] ( )
1. 0.1 M 0.1 M 2 x 10-4
2. 0.2 M 0.1 M 4 x 10-4
3. 0.1 M 0.2 M 8 x 10-4

23. The mass of a substance is 20.0865 gram and its volume is 8.9 cm3.Find its density, rounding off
your answer considering rules of significant figures.
24. A 600 cm3 cylinder contains 2g of hydrogen H2 and 8g of CH4.Calculate the total pressure of the
mixture of gas at 30oC.
25. Discuss the relationship between Kc and Kpof the following equilibrium:
* N2 + 3H2 2NH3 * 2SO3 2SO2 + O2
26. Define Activation energy. Find the activation energy of a reaction if the threshold energy is 125
calories per mole and the average energy of reactant molecules is 1000 joules per mole.
27. Differentiate intensive properties and extensive properties.
28. Discuss the types of Reactions based on reaction velocity.
29. Give scientific reason:
* Rate of reaction is increased by an increase in temperature.
* Powered marble gives more effervescence with HCl than a piece of marble.
* NaF and MgO are isomorpheous solids.
* Surface tension of diethylether is less than water.
30. Explain any two of the following gas laws with the help of Kinetic theory of gases.
* Boyles Law * Charless Law * Daltons Law of Partial pressure
31. Calculate the volume of Oxygen at 39oC and 1200 torr pressure, formed by complete decomposition
of 170g of KClO3 according to following reaction:

2 KClO 3
2 KCl 3O2
32. A sample of an organic compound consisted of 2.0g Carbon, 0.34g Hydrogen and 2.67g Oxygen.
The molecular mass of the compound is 60. Calculate its molecular formula.
33. Gas A diffuses 4 times faster than gas B. if the molecular mass of gas B is 64, what is the molecular
mass of gas A.
34. Define the following: * Error and deviation * Molar volume * Significant figure * Avogadros
number.
35. Derive the equation of state for an ideal gas and calculate the value of the gas constant in two
different units.
36. What is chemical equilibrium? Illustrate it with the help of graph.
37. Kc for the following reaction is 4. Calculate the equilibrium concentration of CH 3 COOC 2 H 5 when
1.66 moles of CH 3COOH and 2.17 moles of C 2 H 5 OH are allowed to come to equilibrium.
CH 3COOH C 2 H 5 OH CH 3COOC 2 H 5 H 2 O
38. Different between (any two).
* Empirical and Molecular formula * Isomorphism and Polymorphism
* Continuous spectrum and line spectrum
39. How cathode rays are produced? Prove that these rays:
a) Travel in straight line b) are material in nature c) are electrons
40. Differentiate between Hydration and Hydrolysis? Explain why is the aqueous solution of NH4Cl is
acidic while that of Na2CO3 is basic.
41. State and explain Hesss law of constant heat summation. Give its applications.
42. What is oxidation number? Determine the oxidation number of the following:
a) Cr in K2Cr2O7 (b) O in OF2 (c) Mn in MnO4- (d) N in NCl3
43. Differentiate between a Molal and Molar solution.
44. 1.2 gm of CH3COOH is dissolved in H2O to make 200cm3 of solution. Find concentration of this
solution in moles/dm3.
45. Discuss the effect of light on the rate of a reaction.
46. For the given reaction A + B products, determine the order of reaction from the following data:
A(mol./dm3) B(mol./dm3) Rate(mol. s-1)
0.1 0.1 1 x 10-3
0.2 0.1 4 x 10-3
0.1 0.3 3 x 10-3

47. For the reaction, NH3 + H2O NH4+ + OH- , point out acid, conjugate base and conjugate acids,
according to Brnsted-Lowry and give reason.
48. The Kc for the reaction 2HI H2 + I2 is 1.310-2 . If there are 0.5M H2, 1.5M I2 and 5M HI, predict
the direction in which the reaction will proceed in order to achieve the equilibrium.
49. How was the presence of proton detected? What are the characteristics of protons?
50. Predict the shapes of the following molecules on the basis of electron repulsion (any two).
i) NH3 ii) C2H4 iii) BeCl2 iv) H2O
51. Define a unit cell. Name the crystal system which has the following cell dimensions.
* a = b = c, = = = 90o * a b c, = = = 90o
52. Name the physical methods along with the observed physical properties for determining the rate of a
reaction.
53. Write the electronic configuration and give the number of protons in each of the following atoms/
ions: * Ne (Z=10) * Cu (Z = 29) * Mg2+ ( Z =12) * Cl-1 ( Z = 17)
54. Give the reasons of any four of the following.
a. Glycerin is distilled at reduced pressure
b. A liquid rises in a capillary tube.
c. Graphite is a good conductor of electricity where diamond is not.
d. NaF and MgO are isomorphic compounds.
e. Evaporation is a cooling process.
f. The density of ice is less than that of water.
g. Boiling point of H2O is higher than B.P. of H2S.
h. A positive catalyst increases the rate of reaction.
55. 3600Jof heat enters a gas cylinder. Calculate value of E
a) If the volume is kept constant.
b) If the volume is not constant, work of 800J was performed by the gas.
56. Describe the relationship between Kc and Kp.
57. 60g of acetic acid and 46g of ethyl alcohol are mixed with each other at a constant temperature and
are allowed to attain equilibrium. At equilibrium, 58.2g of ethyl acetate and 12g of water were
present, find the equilibrium constant (Kc).
CH3COOH+ C2H5OH CH3COOC2H5 + H2O
58. Balance the following equations;
(i) MnO4-1 + SO3-2 + OH-1 Mn+2 + SO4-2
(ii) MnO4-1 + Cl-1 + H+1 Mn+2 + Cl2
59. What is neutralization? Give the examples of normal, acidic acid and basis salts.
60. Define the term viscosity? Explain with examples that why some liquids have higher viscosity than the
others? Describe the effect of temperature change on viscosity of a liquid.
61. Energy of an electron in nth orbit of an atom with atomic number z by Bohrs model is calculated as:
2
=

62. Use that equation to derive an expression for the wave number of radiation emitted by an excited atom.
Discuss the shape of Ethylene (C2H4), Acetylene (C2H2) molecules and ammonia (NH3)on the basis of:
* Hybridization model * Electron pair repulsion model
63. What are Thermochemical reactions? State and explain Hesss law of constant heat summation with its
applications.
64. Differentiate between the following pairs:* Sigma and pi bond * Electrovalent and Covalent bonding
65. The value of the dissociation constant of water ( = [ ][ ]) is 10 at 25oC. Use this
information to define pH and pOH and to describe their relation. Also find the pH of a solution containing
0.005 moles of NaOH per dm3.
66. AgCl (mol. mass=143.5) is a sparingly soluble salt. Its Ksp is 9.610-11 .
* Write an equation showing dissociation of AgCl in water.
* Give an expression for the solubility product of AgCl.
* Find the solubility of AgCl in .
67. Will a precipitate of Mg(OH)2 be formed if the pH of 0.001M aq. Mg(NO3)2 solution becomes 10?
(Ksp of Mg(OH)2 = 4 10 )
68. Write salient points of Bohrs atomic model.
69. What is a limiting reactant? Calulate the minimum mass of Al(OH)3 that can be obtained by the
reaction of 13.4 g of AlCl3 with 10g of NaOH according to the following equation:
AlCl 3 3 NaOH Al OH 3 3 NaCl
70. Describe the effect of temperature change on viscosity of a liquid.
71. In a thermodynamic process, the internal energy of a gas increases by 200J, and the volume of the
gas increases by 4.95 x 10-3 dm3 at constant pressure of 800 torr. Calculate the work done by the gas
and the heat energy supplied to it.
72. What is rate of reaction? Describe how the rate of following reaction is determined by chemical
method:
CH 3 COOC 2 H 5 H 2 O CH 3 COOH C 2 H 5 OH
73. Differentiate between amorphous and crystalline solids.
74. Define Thermochemistry. State and explain Hesss law of constant heat summation with its
applications.
75. State the law of Mass action.Write the expression of Kc for a general reversible gaseous reaction:
n1 A( g ) n2 B( g ) n3C ( g ) n4 D( g )