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Travis & Delanie

Chapter 10 Project
P.453 #10, of 10-1

First we are listing what we gathered from the problem given

1. n=7
2. D-Bar=.371
3. Sd=.471
4. level of significance=.01

Then we are stating our answers

1. Ho (null hypothesis): d=0 and H1 (alternate
hypothesis): d 0
2. Level of Significance is .01
3. D-Bar is our sample mean differences
4. T-Score= 2.08
5. P-Value=.100<p<.050
6. (.100<p<.050) > .01, Fail To Reject
7. Since we fail to reject the hypothesis, we cannot
conclude that there is a difference between fishing on a boat
compared to fishing on the shore.

Concluding with explanations

1. In our problem, it stated that we are trying to find ANY
difference between fishing on the shore compared to a boat,
this means that our H1 indicates that both greater than or
less than is acceptable because ANY difference matters. We
were given a data set of information that stated how many
fish were caught for seven months, both for on a boat and on
the shore. Our Ho for any paired difference problem will look
Ho: d=0 and since we are trying to find ANY difference,
our alternate hypothesis is H1: d 0
2. The second step of our calculations was to indicate
what our level of significance is. The level of significance was
supplied to us in our problem, and the number we used was
a .01 level of significance.
3. The D-Bar is important because it tells us what the
differences are in our data, which helps us determine if our
hypothesis needs to be changed. Our D-Bar was calculated
by using our data given to us. We were given a scenario
B:Shore and a scenario A:Boat, then a list of 7 data
entries of fish caught during the 7 months. We then
calculated the differences between the entries and listed
those differences in L1 of our calculator. We then used our
calculator and proceeded with a 1-VAR calculation, which
gave us our D-Bar and Sd to help us calculate our T-
4. We computed our sample test statistic, also called our
T-Score, by using the calculation (D-Bar /Sd). We then
plug in the information we calculated and found. So with our
actual numbers, our equation looks like
(.371 /.417) which gave us an answer of 2.08.
5. We then calculated the P-Value for our data set given to
further help determine the hypothesis. We calculated this
number by using the T-Score we found, which was 2.08. We
use our Table 4 to help us find our P-Value, and we also have
to use degrees of freedom which is 6, to calculate our P-
Value. We use a d.f of 6 and see where 2.08 hits on our Table
4, which is between the numbers 1.943 and 2.447, which
move up to our two-tailed area of .100 and .050. We use a
two-tailed statistic because our H1 stated that d 0 .
Which means that we are trying to find ANY difference,
greater than or less than. After comparing the values we
found, we can conclude that our P-Value is between .100 and
.050, which looks like this, .050<p<.100.
6. After calculating our P-value interval of
P=.050<p<.100 we then had enough information to
determine whether to reject or fail to reject our null
hypothesis of Ho: d=0. Since the P-value we calculated
ended out as (.050<p<.100) > .01 we fail to reject our null
hypothesis, this is because our P-Value number, although not
thoroughly calculated, is still higher than our level of
significance of .01. Our P-Value indicates the percentage at
which our data is not a good representation of the whole. If
our P-Value is above .01, which it is, it indicates that there is
a high percentage that our data is not an accurate
representation of the full data set.
7. After collecting all of this data and failing to reject our
null hypothesis we concluded that there is not enough
evidence to say that there is a difference either way between
fishing on the shore compared to fishing on a boat. While we
were performing our calculations there did appear to be a
difference between the two, however, because our P-Value
was significantly high, we cannot assume that our data is
reliable enough to prove that there is officially a difference
between the two. So we have come to the conclusion that
fishing on a boat compared to on the shore in that area is
the same.