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QUESTION 1

PV =0.08206 nT

P ( psig ) +14.696
a) P ( atm )=
14.696

28.317 ft 3
V ( L ) =V ' ( ft 3 )
L
' 453.593 mol
n ( mol ) =n ( Ibmole )
1 Ibmole

T ( )32
T ( K )= + 273.15
1.8

P' +14.696 T ( )32


V ' 28.317 ft 3=0.08206 n' 453.593 mol [ +273.15]
14.696 1.8

( P' + 14.696 ) V ' = 0.08206 453.593 14.696 n' (T + 459.7)


28,317 1.8

( P ' +14.696 ) V ' =10.73 n' (T +459.7)

' ( 500 psi+14.696 psi ) 3.5 ft 3


n tot =
10.73 ( 85 + 459.7 )
b) V =3.5 ft 3

= 0.308Ibmole
T =85
0.3 Ibmole CO
nCO =0.308 Ibmole
P=500 psi Ibmole

PV 0.0924 Ibmole
n ' tot =
10.73 T
28 Ibm
mco=0.0924 Ibmole
Ibmole
2.5872 Ibm
( 3000 psi+14.696 ) 3.5 ft 3=10.73 ( 0.308 Ibmole
c) Temperature
10551.436=3.30484 (T + 459.7)
( P' + 14.696 ) V ' =10.73 n' (T + 459.7)

P=3000 psi
T =2733.02

QUESTION 2

[ ]
()
P 2
q=C A
d 4
1 1
d2

[ ]

L3 T 2 M T 2 2
= L
T L2 M L3 L 4
1 ()
L

2 L
L [ ]
T 2 L2
T2
2
0

[ ( ) ]
2
T 2 L
2 L
L T

[ ]
T L3
L2 T

L
3
L
L ,it is not dimensionally homogenou s QUESTION 3
T

=54.46
M
a)
1 x
=

M M

1 0.25 x (0.75x )
= + +
54.46 44.05 58.08 60.05

x (0.75x)
0.0183621=5.6754 103+ +
58.08 60.05
60.05 x +58.08(0.75x)
0.012687=
3487.704
44.25 = 60.05x +5x +43. 56 58.08x
0.69 = 1.97x
X = 0.35
X = 35wt% acetone
Y= 0.75-0.35=0.4
Y=40wt% acetic acid

b) Assume 100wt% = 100g

mol
nacetaldehyde=25 g
44.05 g

= 0.5675mol

mol
nacetone=35 g
58.08 g
=0.6026mol

mol
nacetic acid=40 g
60.05 g
= 0.666mol

nT= 0.5675+0.6026+0.666
=1.8361mol

0.6026 mol
Yacetone= =0.33
1.8361 mol
0.66 mol
Yacetic acid= =0.3 6
1.8361 mol

Yacetaldehyde = 1-0.33-0.36
=0.30

c) Macetic acid= 25lbm


25 lbm
=0.4
MT
MT= 62.5lbm
Maldehyde = 0.25 62.5
=15.625lbm

15.625 lbm
naldehyde= =0.3547 mol
44.05 lbm/lbmol

Macetone =0.35 62.5


= 21.875lbm
21.875 lbm
nacetone= =0.3766 mol
58.08 lbm/lbmol

Macetic acid= 25lbm

25 lbm
nacetic acid= =0.4163 mol
60.05 lbm/lbmol

nT= 0.3547+0.3766+0.4163

= 1.476mol
Question 4

30.0 cm3 of oxygen gas (MW 32.00,SG 1.141) is reacted with 30.0 cm 3 of
ammonia(MW 17.03,SG 0.682) to produce nitric oxide(MW 30.01,SG 1.340) and
water(MW 18.02,SG 1.00).The yield of nitroc oxide is found to be 35 %.

i.Write the balanced stoichiometric equation of the reaction.

5 3
O2 + NH3 NO + H2O
4 2

ii.Determine the limiting reactant

For oxygen,


SG=
r


1.141=
1.205

kg
=1.375
m3

m
=
V

kg
=(1.375 m3 ) (3
5
10 m3 )

=4.125 105 kg

=0.04125 g

M
n=
MM
(0.04125 g)
= (32.00 g )
mol

=1.2891 x 10-3 mol

For ammonia,


SG= r


0.682=
1.205 kg/m 3

kg
=0.82181
m3

m
=
V

m= V

=(0.82181 kg/m3) x (3 x 10-5 m3 )

=2.465 x 10-5 kg

=0.02465 g

M
n= MM

0.02465 g
= 17.03 g/mol

=1.447 x 10-3 mol


To find limiting reactant,

Oxygen,

1.2891 x 103 mol


5 /4

=1.03128 x 10-3 mol

Ammonia,

1.447 x 103
mol
1

= 1.447 x 10-3 mol

So,the limiting reactant is oxygen.

iii.Calculate the percentage of the excess reactant.

Mol of oxygen feed = 1.2891 x 10-3 mol

Mol of ammonia feed = 1.447 x 10-3 mol

1 mol ammonia consumed


Mol ammonia stoichiometry = mol oxygen feed x (5/4 mol oxygen consumed )

=1.2891 x 10-3 x 4/5

=1.03128 x 10 -3 mol

( 1.447 x 1031.03128 x 103 ) mol


% excess of ammonia = ( 1.03128 x 103) mol x 100%

= 40.31 %
iv.Calculate the mass(in gram) of nitric oxide and water produced from the
reaction

For nitric oxide,

mol product
yield= x 100
mol limiting reactant

n NO
0.35 = 1.03128 x 103

n NO=3.609 x 10-4 mol

kg
30.0 mol x (3.609 x 10-4 mol ) = 0.01083 g

For water,

100 35 = 65

5/4 oxygen : 3/2 water

1.2891 x 10-3 mol : 1.2891 x 10-3 mol x 6/5

n water
0.65 = 1.547 x 10
3

n water = 1.006 x 10-3 mol

g
18 mol x (1.006 x 10-3 mol ) = 0.0181 g
QUESTION 5

i)

A metric ton/year B metric ton/year C metric ton/year

1.0 mol H2o /mol 1.0 mol H2o /mol 1.0 mol H2o /mol
total total total

1 2 3
D metric ton/year E metric ton/year F metric ton/year
0.5 mol NaCl/mol 0.65 mol NaCl/mol 0.9 mol NaCl/mol
total total total
0.5 mol H2o /mol 0.35 mol H2o /mol 0.1 mol H2o /mol
total total total NaCl & H2o

5000 metric ton/year

0.99 mol NaCl/mol


total

0.01 mol H2o/mol


metric ton 1000 kg 1 year 1 day 1 hour kg
ii)
5000 =0.3968
year 1 metric ton 350 day 10 hour 3600 s s

kg 1 mol
0.3968 ( 1.0 103 ) =6.837
s kg s
58.04
kmol

iii) Evaporator 3 0.35 E=B+ ( 0.1 ) ( 7.521 )


F=C+6.837
0.35 B+ 2.632=B+0.7521
0.1 F=C + ( 0.01 ) ( 6.837 )
0.65 B=1.880

0.1 C+0.6837=C+ 0.06837


mol
B=2.892
s
0.9C=0.6153

E=2.892+7.521
mol
C=0.6837
s
mol
10.41
s
F=0.6837+6.837

Evaporator 1
mol
7.521
s D= A+10.41

0.5 D= A+ ( 0.35 )( 10.41 )

0.5 A +5.205= A+ 3.644

0.5 A=1.562

mol
A=3.123
s

D=3.123+10.41

Evaporator 2 mol
13.53
s
E=B+7.521