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FUTURE INNOVATIVE CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGIES:

DIRECTIONS AND STRATEGIES TO INNOVATE


CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
YUSUKE YAMAZAKI
General Manager, Division of Marketing & Planning,
Technology Planning Office, SHIMIZU CORPORATION,
Seavans South, No. 2-3, Shibaura 1-chome, Minato-ku Tokyo 105-8007, JAPAN
yusuke.yamazaki@shimz.co.jp

Abstract:
The paper aims to discuss future direction of management of innovative technologies toward construction
innovation. Our focus here is technology and knowledge fusions. At first technology and knowledge fusions in
building construction are described. Secondary processes of technology and knowledge fusions are analyzed
focusing on automation technology and information technology. Thirdly, a strategy to innovate construction
industry is proposed from a viewpoint of technology and knowledge fusions. Finally, future directions and
strategies of technology and knowledge fusions to develop future innovative construction technologies are to be
presented.

Keywords: innovation construction fusion technology knowledge automation information


management strategy

1 INTRODUCTION knowledge fusions.


Technology fusion is an emerging methodology to
The form of the building construction is different integrate potential technologies among different
from the manufacturing industry, due to problems disciplines, and it is also viewed as an effective
such as low productivity, many construction waste approach to assisting construction firms respond to
and materials, worker's accidents that are caused by the difficult environment in which they are operating
the labor intensive works performed in job-site under currently.
built-to-order production supported by various typed Knowledge fusion is also an emerging methodology
of project participants. to improve organizational knowledge creation ability
To solve the problems, advanced technologies have that has been introduced to construction industry as
been introduced from manufacturing industry with by dynamically transform implicit knowledge and
their concepts and methods to improve quality and explicit knowledge of an organization.
productivity such as industrialization, prefabrication To promote technology fusion, it is essential to have
modularization, mechanization, automation and a structured way with clear goal, concept and
computerization. strategy. Formerly Computer Integrated Construction
Various types of advanced construction systems have (CIC) was regarded as a strategy to promote
been researched, developed and implemented in technology and knowledge fusions. CIC is an
specific building projects to try to solve the problem adaptation of Computer Integrated Manufacturing
of the low productivity by introducing advanced (CIM) to construction industry, and it is also viewed
technologies such as prefabrication, automation and as an effective knowledge fusion driver, because
information technologies from manufacturing manufacturing industry intended to innovate not only
industry as well as concepts and methodologies their production system but also their organizational
associated with new technologies. The construction knowledge management system by introducing CIM
systems aimed to change styles of building concept. To demonstrate the concept of CIC in
construction to that of factory production through construction industry, prototype systems were
sophistications of developed technologies, implemented to promote innovations in its process,
methodologies and concepts. organization and product through systematic
Essentially construction firms present their technology development.
engineering and management services at project SMART system (Shimizu Manufacturing system by
level, appropriate approaches to innovate project- Advanced Robotics Technology) is a part of
based firms based on efficient methodologies and Shimizu's CIC strategy for developing an automated
clear strategies to perform technology developments construction system, which automates a wide range
are relevant. Our focus here is technology and of construction process of high-rise building by
Manufacturing Industry
Prefabrication
Technology
Industrialization
Standardization
Automation Information
Technology Technology
Material Transportation Fusion Modeling/Simulation
Welding Monitoring/Control
Construction
Technology
Heavyweight Handling
Site Production
Construction Industry

New Construction System


Prefabricated Construction System
Automated Construction System
Computer Integrated Construction System

Figure 1. A Conceptual View of Technology and Knowledge Fusion for Construction Industry
integrating prefabrication, automation, and show the clear goals and concept. The
information technologies with construction implementation requires clear strategy promoted as a
technology. Also information management systems policy of construction industry, which aims to create
associated with an automated construction integrate a new production systems associated with new
wide range of design, engineering, planning and business systems by introducing innovative material
management knowledge of the project functions. technologies and environmental preservation
By introducing SMART system, amount of labor technologies.
required and the construction period are both reduced
significantly, and the planning and management 2. TECHNOLOGY FUSION IN
productivity is increased. However the originally BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
developed SMART system is not applied since two
construction projects at early development stage had
been completed, the system have been improved and Technology fusion is an emerging methodology
modified to several types of construction systems that proposed by Dr. Kodama. By fusing technologies,
are vital at present. Because technology development companies can create new products, markets, and
environment has been changed to focus more industries, and remain ahead of their competitors.
effective technology and knowledge fusions with Technology fusion blends several previously separate
other companies and industries. fields of existing technology. Three fundamental
Current challenging technology and knowledge principles can help companies implement a fusion
fusions are mainly brought by comprehensive strategy. First, let the market drive R&D, not the
applications of IT systems. Major IT systems other way around, through a process called "demand
introduced to construction projects are well depend articulation." Second, develop a strong intelligence
on 3D-CAD systems and networked communication gathering capability both as a defense mechanism
systems, which is effectively applied to product against competitors and as a source of new ideas.
design, production planning, real-time monitoring of Third, and most important, take part in cross-industry
construction process, control of transportation R&D projects [2].
equipment in execution stage, and management of Reviewing the past technology development process
procurement and executions. By utilizing those IT in Japanese construction industry, advanced
systems, a remarkable progress has been made in the technologies have been introduced to improve
field of integrated management of process, construction efficiency as a fusion of prefabrication,
organization and product of the project. information, automation and construction technology.
Future construction innovations will also depend on In the end of 1960s, large construction companies
technology and knowledge fusions among different started to develop super high-rise building systems
companies and industries. To promote technology and industrialized building systems reflecting
and knowledge fusions, systematic and economic boom and deregulation. Major
organizational promotion of technology development technologies, which enabled super high-rise building
to be adaptable to needs and technologies for greater systems, were high-stress steel, high-performance
sophistication and diversity in construction projects tower crane, and lightweight curtain -wall and
are relevant. Also continuous implementations of computer-supported structural analysis developed by
prototype systems in actual construction projects to manufacturing companies. Those technologies were
Figure 2. Process of Construction Technology Development in Japanese Construction Firms
80

S H IM IZU
70 KA JIM A
TA IS EI
O B A YA S H I
60 TA KEN A KA

50

40

30

20

10
Figure 3. Conceptual View of Computer Integrated Construction
0
1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Figure.3 Changes in the Numbers of Patent Applications in the Field of


Construction Automation by Top Five General Contractors in Japan
sophisticated and integrated with construction the efforts were being carried forth in the context of
technologies, resulting in innovative building and the Computer Integrated Construction (CIC). To
construction systems. Also prefabrication implement CIC, a systematic approach for applying
technologies were introduced to develop computerization and automation to building
industrialized building systems, which mainly construction by illustrating future vision of building
applied to standardized condominiums. Not only construction was introduced.
construction companies promoted the developments The visions are represented as conceptual models to
but also manufacturing companies, electricity develop CIC by carefully investigating the functional
companies and chemical companies started the distributions among design, engineering, planning,
development to establish new business markets. The procurement, construction and required processes.
prefabrication technologies were also integrated with For example, Shimizu's model was divided into four
construction technologies, resulting in various types major functions: (1) Integrated design/construction
of standardized production systems with quality planning system, (2) factory automation system, (3)
control techniques. site automation system, and (4) Multi-project
In the middle of 1980s, many large construction management system with central project database.
firms have started huge amount of investment to These conceptual models described strategies to
adapt innovative automation and information exploit innovative technologies among improved
technologies to building construction based on functions.
increasing construction market. At first, many of
Figure 4. Conceptual View of Computer Integrated Construction
Applications of automation technology to building whole building is completed. The SMART system
construction had been started as development of also provides complete all-weather enclosure for site,
construction robots, which aimed to resolve some of accommodating satisfactory working conditions and
the difficulties associated with construction activities. safety, and leading to higher quality and durability
Since the robots were developed as single-task for the product.
oriented robots, they could not remarkably improve Reviewing labor productivity which is almost equal
efficiency of whole construction processes and to efficiency of construction site work, labor
activities, because they can only improve a part of productivity has been declined since 1990, however
construction processes and activities. To attain highly that of whole industry, especially labor productivity
improved construction process, automated of manufacturing industry has been expanding, that
construction systems were researched and developed. means R&D investment has not effectively
The systems were illustrated as all weather contributed to increase value of construction industry
automated construction systems that aimed to relatively compared with manufacturing industry.
eliminate the bad image of construction industry, to Current challenging technology fusions are brought
create better working environment like factory and to by comprehensive applications of IT systems. Since
improve quality of the products by utilizing the middle of 1990s, Japanese construction industry
automation and prefabrication technologies. has been involved in a severe recession. Construction
Shimizus automated construction system is named companies had to improve their performance more
SMART system, which automates a wide range of and more by introducing information technology at
construction procedures, including: the erection and whole business processes, functions and
welding of steel frames; the placement of pre-cast organizations due to the rapid changes in
concrete floor planks, exterior and interior wall construction market. The technology fusions are well
panels; and installation of various units. The system depend on 3D-CAD system, which is effectively
utilizes prefabricated components extensively applied to product design, production planning, real-
including columns, beams, floorings and walls, and time monitoring of construction process, control of
the assembly of these components is simplified by transportation equipment in execution stage, and
the use of specially designed joints. In addition, this web-based communication system for site
assembly process is orchestrated by real-time management. By utilizing those IT systems, a
computer control, resulting in construction site remarkable progress has been made in the field of
operation in a highly automated way. The heart of the integrated management of process, organization and
SMART system is composed of the lifting product. Also the applications promoted knowledge
mechanisms and automatic conveying equipment fusions as well as technology fusions.
installed on the operating platform, which is Recent needs for global environment preservation is
ultimately to be the top roof of the building. Steel- making another technology fusion that is concrete
frame columns, beams, floorings and walls are recycle system. However prefabrication is useful to
automatically conveyed to designated locations, reduce construction waste, recycling of concrete
where they are effectively assembled and mounted waste produced by demolition is critical in present
with specially made joints. The steel-frame welding construction industry. To solve the problem,
process is also automated with the invention of an construction system associated with closed-loop
automatic welding machine. When one of the floors concrete recycle system has been developed by
of building is completed, the entire automated system introducing inverse manufacturing technology. Thus
is lifted vertically and the work for next floor technology fusion is regarded as a key issue to
commences immediately. Thus construction work innovate construction technologies.
proceeds systematically, floor by floor, until the
3. KNOWLEDGE FUSION IN BUILDING constructability researches took analytical and
CONSTRUCTION formulated approaches, the utilization of exogenous
source of knowledge and combination of formalized
In contrast with technology fusion, knowledge fusion knowledge are relevant.
has been introduced to construction industry as Consequently, emphasis has been put on
activities of organizational knowledge creation. In documentation and computer utilization to establish
manufacturing industry, the series of researches with database and knowledge base with constructability.
regard to organizational knowledge creation have The activities are viewed as combination and
been performed by Nonaka [4]. Our research started externalization. Reflecting these researches, our
from the application of the framework presented by focus is put on the dynamism of organizational
Nonaka to building construction. The integrated knowledge creation, especially effective mechanisms
organizational knowledge creation model illustrated to be adapted to project-based companies
by Nonaka presents dynamic interactions as four Usually, the knowledge used in design and
types of activities: socialization, externalization, construction is divided into two types: (1) Implicit
combination and internalization. knowledge such as evaluation and application of
When the concept is applied to building construction, building systems and construction systems, which are
the transmission of expert skills and implicit acquired through experience and are possessed by
knowledge through actual jobs from a skilled individual designer and planner; and (2) Explicit
engineer to an unskilled engineer is socialization. knowledge such as composition and functions of
Documentation and standardization of personal or building systems and construction systems, which are
group know-how is externalization. Systematization shared as technical standards among groups,
of documented knowledge in design, engineering, departments and organizations and are usually stored
planning and management by computer programs is in the form of documents.
combination. Knowledge acquisition through Reviewing successfully applied construction
development of new technology based on already technologies, design, engineering, planning and
possessed technologies is internalization. management knowledge associated with the
Our focus here is on internalization and developed technologies are recognized as implicit
externalization, which are caused by interactions knowledge at the beginning of development.
between implicit knowledge and explicit knowledge. According to the exploration of development, such
Since the organizational knowledge creation does not knowledge is transformed into explicit knowledge
limit to take one-way exploration starting from such as technical standards of application procedures
person level, a creative organization should have a in the form of documents. The explicit knowledge is
system or a structure, which can explore linkages applied to actual building projects, and then the
between four modes of knowledge creation. technologies require further improvement and
In construction industry, researches on sophistication to be more useful ones, such as hybrid
constructability presented similar results. The building systems, automated construction systems
research pointed out the need for increasing and advanced computer applications. These
understanding of the type of knowledge involved in developments need integrations and interactions
experiences from engineering and construction among different types of knowledge in various
projects. Constructability improvement is recognized disciplines.
as the evolution of four interaction modes of Consequently, new implicit knowledge in design,
knowledge creation based on opportunities to better engineering and construction is created through the
capture and transfer experiences and knowledge integrated and interactive investigation by
between design and construction. Since development organizations. Thus organizational

Inter-
Level Person Group Organization
organization

Socialization
Implicit
Internalization
Knowledge

Explicit Externalization
Knowledge Combination

Unit of Personal Group Organizational Inter-


organizational
Knowledge Knowledge Knowledge Knowledge Knowledge

Figure 4. Evolution of Organizational Knowledge Creation


knowledge creation is performed as dynamic 4.1 Management of technology by an
circulation and interaction among implicit knowledge integrated production system
and explicit knowledge through different levels of
development stages. On the other hand, we see poor Management of technology is defined as re-
knowledge creation in many cases. Many organization of potential construction technologies to
technologies become out dated due to the lack of efficiently resolve some of the difficulties associated
organizational knowledge creation. with market demands for low cost and high standard
One reason why the impact of the organizational and with increasing competition. Since construction
knowledge creation approach on construction technologies have been developed and stocked as
companies will be crucial is that it supports high individual or elemental technology to solve specific
level coordination between human and computer. problems in general. However they are efficient as
The second strength of this approach is that it will technology itself, inappropriate combinations of
provide the well-organized environment for those technologies introduced by individual and
transmission of information and knowledge, as the insufficient investigations often cause contradictions
prerequisite for the use of an object-oriented and complexities in construction stages, resulting in
approach in the integration of information and losses of time and expense. Therefore
knowledge. This will remove current poorly organizationally integrated subsystems to simulate
coordinated transfers of information and knowledge and define an optimal construction system as a best
between the various organizations. The environment mixture of enable technologies are relevant.
will also provide more flexible decision making In CIC concept, the construction system has been
process among all critical design and planning illustrated as a site automation system known as
functions. Thus organizational knowledge creation in SMART system. The system is a portion of strategy
building construction should be promoted to innovate for construction innovation that covers construction
construction industry. technologies for super high-rise buildings including
automated transportation system of prefabricated
4. CONSTRUCTION INNOVATION BY components, jacking-up systems of operating
TECHNOLOGY AND KNOWLEDGE platform and real-time monitoring of simultaneous
FUSION production processes with various machines.
However higher sophistication of an automated
To investigate the future strategy to innovate construction system is implemented, economical
construction industry, it is important to introduce a changes in construction market forces the technology
structured way. Originally technology and to be modified either to reduce automation level of the
knowledge fusions support a high level of construction system or to seek an alternative
coordination among process, organization and construction system based on other concept. The
product. The systemic approach will provide a well- former approach is to restrict applications of
defined environment for the effective strategy for automation areas to adjustment of transportation
exploitation of the information technology to machines that are difficult in manual control The later
promote technology and knowledge fusions. approach is to focus on material transportation system

Figure 5. Conceptual Composition of An Integrated Production System


and its control system by intensive utilization of strategy in management of technology is set up to
network, database, monitoring and control systems. A integrate construction technology and information
systemic strategy is currently undertaken to explore technology by subdivision and restructuring of
and to combine the both restructuring and alternative physical construction systems from a viewpoint of
approaches to be a new paradigm of physical production information management.
construction system from a viewpoint of technology
management.
Integrating engineering hardware and management
4.2 Management of product and process by
software composes the physical model of proposed concurrent and collaborative environment
construction system. The hardware system is consists
of three physical engineering subsystems: (1) The decision-making problems in a construction
Construction plant system for superstructure to project often caused by precise subdivision of project
systematically incorporate transportation and assemly processes and functions due to complexities and
of prefabricated components and units with minimized varieties in current construction projects. Consequently
temporal facilities and, (2) Construction plant system ineffective integrations of information, knowledge and
for substructure to widely introduce mechatoronics technology are found especially in early project stages.
technology under simultenuos construction of The process-to-process and function-to-function
superstructure and substructure, and (3) Site plant information transmissions make decision-making
system to assemble components and to supply as processes more complicated, which are recognized not
units for construction plants. only in internal project processes but also in external
The software system organizes two complemental project processes with participants of clients,
management systems: (1) Logistic management system design/engineering firms, constructors and suppliers.
that covers package planning and procurment of In case of large-scale construction projects, a lot of
materials and labors, and (2) Production information time is spent to exchange information among project
management system that incorporates the functions participants through value engineering, constructability
of analysis, simulation, monitoring and contorol with investigation based on incomplete detail design, and
three plant systems. coordination with design documents and construction
Among those subsystems, production information drawings. Consequently early introductions of
management system is an integral part of the construction knowledge and information in a form of
proposed construction system to adopt optimum concurrent design and construction planning function
information technology based on characteristics of is important
construction plants to improve engineering efficiency To realize the function, two types of process
as a total sysytem. Another function of production integration are required: (1) Horizontal integration in a
information management sysytem is to improve project organization as a collaborative work
management efficiency by sharing production environment among designers, engineers and
information with quality, cost, deivery, safety and managers through optimal combinations of enable
environmental effects among participants of the construction technology and information technology,
project via project database and network systems. Thus and (2) Vertical integration in project processes as a

Figure 6. Functional View of 3D-CAD Based Production Information Management


concurrent work system among designers, engineers, essary. Therefore, lifecycle management of informati
constructors, fabricators and suppliers. The on throughout feasibility study to maintenance and re
collaborative work environment in practice should be novation should also be highlighted.
established as product design system by integrated
design and construction drawing using CAD and EDI 4.4 Management of Building Resiurces by
technologies. Reuse amd recycle Systems
The concurrent engineering environment for
construction simulation should be established under Companies of in various fields have been raising
production planning system using 3D-CAD systems emphasis on environmental programs. In the
with formalized building/construction information construction industry as well, companies are taking
models by which various simulation systems are steps to reduce their impact on the environment. In
interactively utilized. The 3D-CAD applications Japan, new scheme has been created by the
should also be carefully investigated by considering amendment of the low for production to effectively
efforts in data input and benefits by repetitive use of utilize recyclable resources. The promotion in
data. Currently product design and production construction industry is performed as 3R (reduce,
planning are key issues towards total product and reuse, and recycle) activity. Two types of
process innovation, and most of efforts should be approaches have been undertaken to pursuit zero
undertaken in this direction with standardization of emission from a viewpoint of technology. One is an
product and process models. improved approach to pursuit for zero emission
thorough development and applications of efficient
4.3 Management of organization by IT- construction technologies to realize the 4R(refuse,
based knowledge management system reduce, reuse, and recycle) program at project level.
Another is an innovative and challenging approach
Recent innovation in business process reengineering thorough development of relevant material recycle
has provided an effective methodology to systems at company level, by introducing innovative
organizationally acquire, utilize and create useful technologies such as biotechnology. We believe both
knowledge associated with design, planning and approaches are necessary to relentlessly pursuit for
management of construction projects. Originally IT zero emission in construction, by promoting the 4R
applications to different levels of organization contain program at project level.
standardization of work flows and externalization of On the other hand, major innovative approach is
implicit knowledge to be utilized as well-organized posed on recycling of construction by-product. The
processes and explicit knowledge to improve total major resource to be recycled in construction
efficiency of the project processes industry is concrete, which occupy about 40% of
Current IT-based applications to share information total materials used in whole Japanese industry.
and knowledge among individuals, groups and Amount of concrete waste estimated will exceed the
organizations in construction projects are divided demand capacity of road sub-base in near future, and
into four major functions: (1) Internet-based real- capacity of disposal facility will not be able to accept
time monitoring systems to share measured data with concrete waste.
structual performance, and transportation To solve the problem, closed-loop concrete recycle
information of building materials among site system has been developed by introducing
engineers and supporting engineers in headquarters, manufacturing technology. A heating and rubbing
branch office and institute of technology; (2) Web- plant is settled to a construction site to reduce
based information management system to share transportation of concrete waste caused by
information with construction progress, pending demolition of existing building. Using the plant, huge
issues, and visual information of construction site, amount of decomposed concrete is divided to coarse
among clients, designers, engineers, constructors, aggregates, fine aggregates and pulverized materials
fabricators and suppliers; (3) Total project that are recycled as recycled concrete and soil
management system among different project blocks improved materials for the construction project.The
at site, and (4) Knowledge management system other innovative approach is illustrated as
among same type of building projects such as high- development and application of innovative structural
rise condominium, hospitals and semiconductor materials. Innovative structural materials include
factories that require specific engineering knowledge super high-strength concrete, super high-tension
and technical information. steel, ultra fine-grained steel so called ultra steel, and
Since management of organization aims to integrate innovative composite materials represented by
project functions to realize the customer satisfaction carbon fiber reinforced plastics. These innovative
with a construction project including quality assuranc structural materials have feature of not only high-
e and performance assurance under requirements and strength as twice as ordinal concrete and steel, but
constraints, optimal combination of design, engineeri high durability as twice as ordinal concrete and steel,
ng, procurement, construction and maintenance syste high rigidity and high corrosion resistance. Thus
ms by organizational knowledge management are nec innovative structures using innovative structural
materials make their lifetime longer and reduce materials.
amount of materials by developing non-welding joint With the development of such innovative structure
between building components which allow them to systems, mechanisms to secure structural health are
be reused. The buildings designed by innovative also to be developed. Actually the needs for a
structural systems can be viewed as sustainable structural health monitoring system for civil and
buildings. Our target is to develop innovative building structures are emerging recently. This figure
structural system using innovative structural illustrates an image of structural health monitoring
materials and also to develop structural health system.
monitoring and self-repairing technologies which are The system intensively utilize sensors which are
to be required in realizing sustainable buildings. installed in civil and building structures. When
In early 1980s, Shimizu had started a technology earthquake or typhoon make stresses in building,
development project to seek new structural materials sensor system installed in a building detects failures,
toward 21st century which substitute steel products defects and cracks and reports information to a data
and rebar. As a result, over 200 new ideas with new center. The information is also transferred to
materials were identified including super high- designer, constructor and owner of the building to
strength concrete, fiber reinforced plastics and carbon acknowledge damages without manual inspections.
fiber reinforced plastics. Also several types of A structural health monitoring system using FBG-
innovative structural syatems and buildings were based optical sensors is installed in a 12-story steel
researched to adopt such new materials. building. The building is equipped with several panel
Among such structural syatems, space truss structure dampers made of low-yielding steel panels. The
system was at first focused, because it has a simple panel dampers work as energy sinks to reduce the
structural system which can also make use of the vibration response of the building when subject to a
feature of light-weight easily. The structure divides larger earthquake. The structural health monitoring
an external force into only axial forces of members. system is hence installed to ensure the structural
Secondary a mixed application of super high-strength integrity by monitoring the response of the building.
concrete and ultra steel is set up for a triple skeleton FBG-based optical sensors employed for the system
structure system.Triple skeleton structure system were newly developed to measure strain,
consists of three levels of skeletons according to displacement and temperature. The installed system
renewal cycle time. The first skeleton is composed of was verified to function properly when careful tuning
seismic isolation system and high rigged core to be of the system was made.
used for 100 to 200 years. The second skeleton is In Japan, nanotechnology and material research-and-
built by ordinal steel structure system with recycle- development project team was installed in the bottom
oriented connecting mechanism such as ring-panel of the Council for Science and Technology, and the
non-welding method to be reused every 50 years. The Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts
third skeleton is the most flexible skeleton by light and Telecommunications, the Ministry of Economy,
steel structure system to be reused every 25 years. Trade and Industry, the Ministry of Education,
Thus the triple skeleton structure system is regarded Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and the
as a sustainable building system with innovative Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport are

Manufacturing Industry
Prefabrication
Automation Technology Information
Industrialization Technology
Technology Modularization
Material Transportation Modeling/Simulation
Monitoring/Control
New Material Fusion Environment
Technology Preservation
Intelligent material Construction Technology
Reusable Material Repair/Bio
Technology
Heavyweight Handling
Site Production
Construction Industry

New Production System New Business System

Figure 7. Future Directions of Construction Technologies


cooperating and promoting under initiative of Also technology and knowledge fusions require
Cabinet Office. Innovative structure material was implementation of prototype systems continuously to
taken up as one of the cooperation project, in which be adapted advanced technologies to actual
not only research and development are promoted construction projects such as development of
through coalition among offices and ministries, but SMART system, maintenance of clear strategy
environmental consideration of demonstration in promoted by top management such as computer
model projects, standardization as JIS, and integrated construction, and fusions of new
collaborative support for commercialization and production systems and new business systems toward
industrialization of innovative structural materials are a industry fusion.
to be undertaken. National development program of innovative
The project schedule is settled for 5 to 7 years, technologies with a dream needs to be created for
including Research and development of a material economic revitalization. Technology innovation and
utilizable over a short period of time, research and economic revitalization through active promotion of
development of a new connection part, research and cooperation among industry, academia, and
development of material, connection, design and government. Construction industry contributes to the
construction method, research and development of a improvement of global environment of the future
material utilizable over a long period of time, and generation in cooperation with other industries,
structural health check and monitoring. Also the academia and government.
experiment in an actual proof models are planned for
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