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Sieve Analysis, Unit Weight, SG,


1. Required material Information Absorption Capacities
2. Choice of slump

3. Maximum Size of Aggregates

4. Estimation of mixing water and air content

5. Water-to-cement Ratio

6. Calculation of cement content


3.5 7. Estimation of coarse aggregate content
ACI 8. Estimation of fine aggregate content
MIX 9. Adjustment for moisture in the aggregate

DESIGN 10. Trial Batch


SAMPLE PROBLEM

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Step 1: Required material Information
Strength = 5000 psi
Type I cement, SG = 3.15
CA: SG (SSD) = 2.70
AC = 1%
Dry-rodded unit weight = 100 lb/ft3
FA: SG (SSD) = 2.65
AC = 1.3%
FM = 2.7
Surface Moisture = 3%
Step 2: Choice of Slump
1 to 2 (given)
Step 3: Maximum Aggregate Size
MSA = in
3
Step 4: Estimation of mixing water and Air
Content
Freezing and thawing is important
Step 4: Estimation of mixing water and Air
Content
Freezing and thawing is important

Water content = 280 lb/yd3


Air content = 6%
Step 5: Water to Cement Ratio
Required strength: 5000 psi

W/C = 0.4

Step 6: Calculate Cement Requirement

Wwater 280lb / yd 3
Wcement 700 lb 3
w/c 0. 4 yd
Step 7: Estimate Coarse Aggregates

3
V(CA) dryrodded 0.63 ft ofconcrete
3
ft
Weight of OD coarse aggregates:
27 ft 3 100lb
WODCA V
0(.CA
63) dry
x rodded
3

x ( CA )
3 dry
1701
rodded
lb 3
yd ft yd
Step 7: Estimate Coarse Aggregates

3
V(CA) dryrodded 0.63 ft ofconcrete
3
ft
Weight of OD coarse aggregates:
27 ft 3 100lb
WOD CA 0.63x 3
x 3
1701lb 3
yd ft yd
Step 8: Estimate Fine Aggregates
Volume Method

VFA VTotal Vcement Vwater VCA Vair


Component Weight Volume
Water 280lb 3
ft 4.49 ft 3 / yd 3
3

yd 62.4lb
Cement 700lb 1 ft 3 3.56 ft 3 / yd 3
3

yd 3.15 62.4lb
CA 1701lb 1 ft 3 10.10 ft 3 / yd 3
3

yd 2.7 62.4lb
Air 27 ft 3 1.62 ft 3 / yd 3
0.06
yd 3
Step 8: Estimate Fine Aggregates
Volume Method

VFA VTotal Vcement Vwater VCA Vair


VFA 27 3.56 4.49 10.10 1.62
VFA 7.23 ft 3
yd 3

SSD Weight of fine aggregates:


WFA VFA SGFA SSD w
3
7.23 ft 62.4lb
WFA 3
2.65 3
1195.55lb / ft 3

yd ft
Step 8: Estimate Fine Aggregates
Volume Method

VFA VTotal Vcement Vwater VCA Vair


VFA 27 3.56 4.49 10.10 1.62
VFA 7.23 ft 3
yd 3

SSD Weight of fine aggregates:


WFA VFA SGFA SSD w
3
7.23 ft 62.4lb
WFA 3
2.65 3
1195.55lb / ft 3

yd ft
Step 9: Adjust Aggregate Moisture
Decrease water content by surface moisture
content of weight of FA
Increase amount of aggregate by amount equal to
surface moisture

W of aggregate from stockpile:


Wstockpile WOD (1 MC)
Change in W due to moisture:

Wwater WOD (SM )


Step 9: Adjust Aggregate Moisture

Wstockpile WOD (1 MC)

W of FA from stockpile:

Wstockpile 1195(1 0.043) 1246.96lb / yd 3

W of CA from stockpile :
Wstockpile 1701(1 0.01) 1718.01lb / yd 3
Step 9: Adjust Aggregate Moisture

Wwater WOD (SM )


Wwater 1195.55(0.03) 35.8665lb 3
yd
Only the FA is considered since CA has no SM

Required mixing water:

W( water ) required 280 35.87 244.12 lb 3


yd
Step 10: Trial Batch
Per cubic yard of concrete

Cement 700 lb
Water 244 lb
Coarse Aggregates 1718 lb
Fine Aggregates 1247 lb
Total 3909 lb