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# 1

## Sieve Analysis, Unit Weight, SG,

1. Required material Information Absorption Capacities
2. Choice of slump

## 4. Estimation of mixing water and air content

5. Water-to-cement Ratio

## 6. Calculation of cement content

3.5 7. Estimation of coarse aggregate content
ACI 8. Estimation of fine aggregate content
MIX 9. Adjustment for moisture in the aggregate

## DESIGN 10. Trial Batch

SAMPLE PROBLEM

2
Step 1: Required material Information
Strength = 5000 psi
Type I cement, SG = 3.15
CA: SG (SSD) = 2.70
AC = 1%
Dry-rodded unit weight = 100 lb/ft3
FA: SG (SSD) = 2.65
AC = 1.3%
FM = 2.7
Surface Moisture = 3%
Step 2: Choice of Slump
1 to 2 (given)
Step 3: Maximum Aggregate Size
MSA = in
3
Step 4: Estimation of mixing water and Air
Content
Freezing and thawing is important
Step 4: Estimation of mixing water and Air
Content
Freezing and thawing is important

## Water content = 280 lb/yd3

Air content = 6%
Step 5: Water to Cement Ratio
Required strength: 5000 psi

W/C = 0.4

## Step 6: Calculate Cement Requirement

Wwater 280lb / yd 3
Wcement 700 lb 3
w/c 0. 4 yd
Step 7: Estimate Coarse Aggregates

3
V(CA) dryrodded 0.63 ft ofconcrete
3
ft
Weight of OD coarse aggregates:
27 ft 3 100lb
WODCA V
0(.CA
63) dry
x rodded
3

x ( CA )
3 dry
1701
rodded
lb 3
yd ft yd
Step 7: Estimate Coarse Aggregates

3
V(CA) dryrodded 0.63 ft ofconcrete
3
ft
Weight of OD coarse aggregates:
27 ft 3 100lb
WOD CA 0.63x 3
x 3
1701lb 3
yd ft yd
Step 8: Estimate Fine Aggregates
Volume Method

## VFA VTotal Vcement Vwater VCA Vair

Component Weight Volume
Water 280lb 3
ft 4.49 ft 3 / yd 3
3

yd 62.4lb
Cement 700lb 1 ft 3 3.56 ft 3 / yd 3
3

yd 3.15 62.4lb
CA 1701lb 1 ft 3 10.10 ft 3 / yd 3
3

yd 2.7 62.4lb
Air 27 ft 3 1.62 ft 3 / yd 3
0.06
yd 3
Step 8: Estimate Fine Aggregates
Volume Method

## VFA VTotal Vcement Vwater VCA Vair

VFA 27 3.56 4.49 10.10 1.62
VFA 7.23 ft 3
yd 3

## SSD Weight of fine aggregates:

WFA VFA SGFA SSD w
3
7.23 ft 62.4lb
WFA 3
2.65 3
1195.55lb / ft 3

yd ft
Step 8: Estimate Fine Aggregates
Volume Method

## VFA VTotal Vcement Vwater VCA Vair

VFA 27 3.56 4.49 10.10 1.62
VFA 7.23 ft 3
yd 3

## SSD Weight of fine aggregates:

WFA VFA SGFA SSD w
3
7.23 ft 62.4lb
WFA 3
2.65 3
1195.55lb / ft 3

yd ft
Decrease water content by surface moisture
content of weight of FA
Increase amount of aggregate by amount equal to
surface moisture

## W of aggregate from stockpile:

Wstockpile WOD (1 MC)
Change in W due to moisture:

## Wstockpile WOD (1 MC)

W of FA from stockpile:

## Wstockpile 1195(1 0.043) 1246.96lb / yd 3

W of CA from stockpile :
Wstockpile 1701(1 0.01) 1718.01lb / yd 3

## Wwater WOD (SM )

Wwater 1195.55(0.03) 35.8665lb 3
yd
Only the FA is considered since CA has no SM

## W( water ) required 280 35.87 244.12 lb 3

yd
Step 10: Trial Batch
Per cubic yard of concrete

Cement 700 lb
Water 244 lb
Coarse Aggregates 1718 lb
Fine Aggregates 1247 lb
Total 3909 lb